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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 28, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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>> 11 iranian soldiers reported killed in 48 hours. tehran could be invited to take part in international talks in vienna hello from doha, this is the world news from al jazeera. volkswagen announces its first lose in 15 years as the emissions cheating scandal takes its toll a woman that alleged rape over the australian refugee policy is flown back to australia. in the congo where a constitutional reform referendum
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gives the president a green light for a third term. hello everyone, we are looking at syria, where the reported deaths are 11 iranian soldiers in 48 hours raised questions about the country said close government in the conflict. russia provides bashar al-assad with air support, iran plays a role on the ground. now they are looking to take part in international talks in vienna on thursday. for more we hear from a journalist in tehran. iran are willing to make compromises at the talks in vienna. >> not a single day goes by that we are don't here someone or a commander killed in syria, i don't think that the - in this is good for the prestige of the irgc or other camped forces because in public perception, it
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means that they are not going the right job. after four years nothing has changed. if you want to ask me they are under pressure, yes, of course, they want to make sure that this conflict comes to an end. as soon as possible. they don't have many, many groups inside syria, the government, that support it, you know, diplomatic, militarily. if iran is at the same table. definitely it has something to offer. painful compromises made when it wanted to meet a nuclear deal. it is very much prepared to make a sacrifice, even if it means the removal of bashar al-assad from power. not now as we speak. it may happen during the transitional period, but it will. bashar al-assad is not going to be there forever, and iran knows that. the same thing that happens
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here, we have eight years of presidency for each and every individual candidate. if you don't want to prove to the international community that you are series, and a way out of the crisis in syria, and will present bashar al-assad to a step down. why not. if this is going to save, you know, more lives, iran is more than willing to make that compromise. and in another shift in policy the united states says it will step up its campaign against i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq. the u.s. defense secretary ashton carter means it will be supported by action on the ground. rosalind jordan says more. >> the military is rolling out a new version of counter-i.s.i.l. category. they call it the three refuse. syrian rebels retaking raqqa. iraqi swooping in on ramadi. u.s. forces getting involved.
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>> raids, signalling that we won't hold back supporting partners in opportunistic attacks against i.s.i.l. >> reporter: ash carter's statement comes after a raid where u.s. special forces jumped in to help kurdish fighters, it would be a policy change for the paws. president obama promised no ground troops to fight i.s.i.l. ash carter told a congressional panel despite the decision to launch air strikes, the u.s. pressures haider al-abadi to not let russia join the strikes. >> we are the preferred fighters, we are insistent and prime minister haider al-abadi represented the pledges. >> reporter: there's a complication, the never-ending flow of those wants toing fight with i.s.i.l. -- wanting to fight with i.s.i.l.
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the top general admits they don't have a plan to stop foreign fighters. >> amongst the coalition we don't have a view of where the fighters come from, how they move back and forth into the area, and not much track on where they go once they leave. military leaders said they have been studying the usefulness of a no-fly zone in northern syria, something legislators called for. >> you are saying the strongest nation can't establish a no fly zone to protect beam from being barrel bombed by bashar al-assad. that's an embarrassment. >> reporter: it's not clear whether carter and doesn't ford convinced legislators the u.s. has the right strategy. they heard there's a hunger for the u.s. to get it right the german car-maker volkswagen announced a quarterly loss of nearly $4 billion. the latest figures coming after
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the firm admitted fitting some diesel cars with software allowing them to cheat carbon ehises tests live to berlin, emma hay board is there for us. not often we look at the numbers of a car-maker. volkswagen is a very different company now. >> well, i think the figures are worse than many people were anticipating them to be. an operating loss of 3.9 billion in quarter three, vw's first loss for more than 15 years. given that they were making a profit at the same time of $3.5 billion, you can see the extent. scandal. and what work lies ahead for vw to try to repair its image. now, this will be watched closely in the town of wolfsburg a couple of hundred kilometres from here where vw has its headquarters. >> reporter: its shift changed time for some of 60,000
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employees much vw's huge plant at wolves burg, a town built on their success. half of its workforce is employed by vw. ever since the emissions scandal broke, there has been concerns beyond the company gate. >> it's a depressing atmosphere. we talk about it all the time. >> the atmosphere is down, a lot are cautious. they don't know how it will continue. next year will be tough for vw. surely vw will bounce back in the end. >> reporter: and that is what many here are hoping for. volkswagen is having to recall millions of cars around the report. its share price plummeted in september, after it admitted that it cheated on some emissions tests. it's led to its worse crisis in its long history. the future of many of these workers now depends on how well vw can recover trust in its
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brand, a brand built on reliability and trust. restoring that consumer confidence in europe's biggest car-maker and one of germany's successful brands is likely to take time and resolve. and could take more than replacing the people at the top. >> somebody is losing his or her job, and to that means a new person, a new face. that is not only about changing management, it's about changing how you do your business, and changing what you tell your customers about your products. >> reporter: vw looms large her, etched on every corner. there is a quiet optimism in wolves burg that the car-maker can ride out the storm and restore its tarnished image more immediately what does today's numbers, and news mean
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for the company. >> it means they'll have to work hard to do a damaged limitation on this. we won't know the full extent of the damage the scandal caused until be get the later part of the figures, and we'll get those in the early part of next year. in the short term a new c.e.o. brought in to tampen tune the scandal math yas mueller will agrees the issue and will challenge with angela merkel to china to try to reassure chinese investors that vw is a brand built on trust and reliability. many in germany will be worried about the figures, one in five workers here in germany are employed in the car-making industry. it's important that it maintains its strong position pot world.
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>> emma haywood in berlin with the latest on volkswagen earnings. >> a 23-year-old somali woman whose rape has led to an outcry has been flown back to australia. andrew thomas has more. >> a somali lady, a refugee trying to come to australia by boat. under the tough policy immediately after she arrived she was deported to an australian-run prison in another country in nauru, told she'll never get to resettle in australia, even if a genuine refugee n nauru she became pregnant. she said she was raped. abortion is illegal in nauru. campaigners in australia made the australian government bring her to australia. it took them a few weeks to do so. she arrived. five days later she was sent back to nauru having not had the
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procedure. australia government said she changed her mind. she denied that through her lawyers, and said she wanted more time. either way she wanted the procedure down. the united nations said it was concerned about her case. they wanted her brought back for an abortion if she wants one, the australian government has under mounting pressure re-lend, and they'll come back with sessions for counsellors to decide whether she wants the procedure done. >> this is a small microsad story illustrative of the way australia treats refugees, the tough policies that it has to deter refugees coming to australia in the first place. in london the former prime minister tony abbot, in london time, advised european leaders to adopt tough tactics that he
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said stopped people smugglers bringing refugees to australia, they need to do that or risk catastrophic consequences. in the news ahead. bangladesh is about to hang a senior opposition politician for war crimes committed 40 years ago. some say the trial was a farce. we look at that plus... >> i'm harry fawcett - reporting from a dam, where people worried not just about a short-term drought but a long term problem.
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top stories for you on al jazeera. 11 irani soldiers killed in syria volkswagen announces first quarterly losses, announcing an operating lose of $3.9 billion because of costs relating to the emissions sandal. a 23-year-old somali woman whose rape led to an outcry with the australia refugee policies has been flown back to the opportunitiry the e.u. commission president says member states are not working fast enough to self-the refugee crisis. jean claude jeongers says there's not enough money or knowledge. slovenia is hoping to build
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barriers. between 3,000-8,000 crosses that country. we have that report with slovenia. >> reporter: more than 70,000 refugees crossed slovenia in recent weeks. fewer than 50 plied for asylum there. at the final port of call in slovenia, time for a recharge and a rest. but they still have a way to go. >> reporter: why don't they apply for asylum here. >> i don't know. one woman said it's a poor country, maybe they don't know of the country we have. that's what we want, and we put them away. we can't help them ali from afghanistan nose where everyone wants to go. >> i want to go to germany. i don't know what happened. germany - i don't know if they take these people or not. >> reporter: that depend how long this open-door policy
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seconds. on the austrian side 24 hours operation takes refugees to towns across austria, many have germany on their minds. 11,000 turned up on bavaria's doorstep on monday alone. the german region threatened emergency measures. a worry for austria's authorities. >> translation: if germany reduces the stream of refugees coming from austria we would be faced with a great challenge. people continue to stream in from croatia slovenia to austria. >> reporter: channelling tens of thousands into austria is huge logistically. if countrieses close their borders, the conveyor belt will grind to a halt now, ivory coast's election
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commission says the incumbent alassane ouattara won a landslide victory. he had 84% of the vote. the head of the electoral commissioned the results will be sent to the constitutional court for validation. >> voters in congo backed a plan to scrap presidential term limits. the incumbent denis sassou nguesso can contest a third term. opposition says the vote was rigged. we have this report. >> reporter: they hope that getting back to normal in the capital. protests against changes to the constitution allowing congo's president denis sassou nguesso to run for a third term shut the market and business for days. >> translation: we can sell our things, it's calm, i hope it stays calm. the people want peace. >> reporter: the government says most voted yes to the constitution in the sunday
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resolution. the presidential election is in july 2016. the president denis sassou nguesso has not said he wants a third tarm. -- term. opposition leaders fear he may. some have been shot. for safety concerns they called for protests, the referendum was a sham. >> i was the saddest man in the world. i want to say this to denis sassou nguesso, the congolese people are suffering, they can't leave the property. you can go everywhere. something is missing. there isn't peace. >> reporter: members of the ruling party is calling for calm and insist change in the constitution is not about one man extending his term. >> it was not about producing a candidate. it's not about one man. it was to build a better country. discussions as to the
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constitution are over, it's done. >> reporter: the main opposition leader is under house arrest. now the congolese people wait to see if president denis sassou nguesso steps down when his term end next year in egypt a second day of voting is under way in elections to decide the make up of the nest parliament. none of the candidates secured a vote. voters went back to the polls. first results are expected thursday turkey's prosecutor is taking control of the opposition media outside the days ahead of the election. police and demonstrators forced outside the headquarters of a media company. linked to a cleric of recep tayyip erdogan. they run two radio stations and television stations. >> reporter: recep tayyip erdogan and his ruling a.k. party adopted an arbitrary
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style. justice, laws and constitutional values mean nothing. for him they are bad memories of the past and they want to bury what helped the public survival and integration with the west. >> advisor to a former bangladeshi prime minister is about to become the highest profile politician to be executed for war crimes. he was found guilt which by a tribunal for crimes committed during the independence war from pakistan in 1971. serious questions are raised about the fairness of the whole judicial pro cess. >> reporter: it feels like an impossible task. in man is trying to keep his client from being hanged, but almost all the witnesses he's trying to call are blocked from testifying. >> translation: the war crimes tribunal cut a number of witnesses we are allowed to
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five. others submitted affidavits were not summoned. and who are these others? they are high up people in society. >> the stakes are high. this man is accused of orchestrating mass murders and rapes. during the war of independence from pakistan in 1971. he is also one of bangladesh's prominent opposition leaders and his lawyer wonders if the prosecution is about poll takes than justice. he is a pakistani witness refused a visa preventing him testifying being with him during the war. >> we went by road, all mentioned in the affidavits that we travelled together with three people. we went by car, in my car, which was a mazda 1500. registration number mna-785.
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and we travelled and documents showed our entry, exit from each border. all these things are marked on my passport. >> reporter: the prosecution says the defense is putting forward false evidence. >> translation: in fact, his lawyer submitted them late. first there was 100 names. one was named 104 times. >> reporter: in the end the tribunal allowed the prosecution 41 witness, the defense five. it's unusual for defense witnesses to lie. but in a death penalty case questions remain as to why a judgment could not have been made in court the african union released a report no south sudan civil war and accused the state of organized and systematic murder in the capital juba.
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the investigation by former president has been shelved to give peace talks a chance. now, al jazeera's investigative unit gathered evidence that links agents of the myanmar government to unrest between muslims and buddhists. anti-muslim violence erupted following the riots in 2012. it left 100,000 from the rohingya minority homeless. >> reporter: communal riots claims 50 lives nearly all muslim. there were rumours about the trillingering of the violence -- triggering the violence. >> they were brought to the area, and suddenly they were asked to start this kind of violence. so one of the problems to assess
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this incidents is to establish where this is coming from. the first step is there, it is clear it was organized. >> reporter: a former officer of myanmar's military intelligence service speaking for the first time, describing how the regime sent undercover agents to spark unrest. we have concealed the officer's identity. these people secretly entered muslim communities creating problems, indecent assaulting islam, hitting and attacking muslims. the truth couldn't be revealed until today. people didn't realise it. all of at least things were sealed by the military using money. >> reporter: a former major in the mean mar army before he defected says covert agencies promote a policy of divide and rule to give ert opposition -- divert opposition to the power of the military. >> they had to distract the people, make the people worry,
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spread the fear, hatred and create conflicts. in this way they influenced policy of the country. >> reporter: this document, part of a cache obtained by al jazeera's investigative unit was issued to the officers, warning worshippers at a yangong mosque was promoting violence between muslims and berman. no riots took place, the mosque informed security of the gathering, that the document claimed was triggering riots. >> translation: every time we have the meeting relevant authorities come here and get information without problems. the government has not stopped our activities. >> when we see a document like that we get concerned that various authorities are working to insight violence against the muslim population.
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>> the government of myanmar has not responded to those allegations. you can see the investigative unit's full documentary, the next screening is wednesday. and it's online "genocide agenda." now south korea is experiencing its worse drought in decades. a dray rainy season means a reservoir is 20% fall. harry fawcett reports from the worst effected area. >> the reservoir is emptying by the day. the water supplies half a million in this area and agriculture and industry. it's a slow motion crisis coming for years, but accelerated this summer with rainfall two fifth of normal levels. on the dam a man briefs women about the security measures. local governments urge a 20%
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reduction in household usage, a campaign making little difference. >> translation: now i see the problem, we have an idea how serious it is by looking at the water shortage. >> reporter: in a normal year it should be 60% full. it stands at less than 20%. the drought linked to el nino is making worse the problems of previous dry years. in a normal year it will be understand water. if between now and next string there were to be normal rain fall is would not make up the shortfall in precipitation. people are not just worried about a one-off draught, rather a long-term problem. >> usually it is more than 70% of annual use in summer. the lack of rain is bound to lead to a drought. we have had autumn droughts for the last 10 years, and last winter and string rain fall was
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50% of average. it's getting worse. the shortage hit hardest on coastal rice paddies reclaimed from the sea. not enough water means assault rising from the surface. farmers lose 20-30% of crops, and without double the usual rain fall between now and spring, they will not be able to plant the next crop. >> translation: i'm worried about farming at all. the government needs to bring in water from somewhere else. this area sees less and less rainfall every year. >> reporter: the government is promising to put in a pipeline to divert water from a river. bigger solution, tackling consumption and supply are sure to be needed finally in the coming hours n.a.s.a.'s spacecraft will make a close fly past of saturn's
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ocean-bearing moon. the spacecraft which has been orbiting saturn since 2004 will pass through a plume of ice and water. and take gas and particle samples as it passes. scientists believe it has an ocean containing a hot water under the icy crush. icy crush. i'm ali velshi "on target", a tale of two americas - the haves and have notes in this together. yet the politicians elected are worlds apart on the inequality. tomorrow night in prime-time the 10 republican candidates will battle in boulder colorado in the party's third debate. the question will focus on job growth, taxes, retem