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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 17, 2015 5:00am-6:01am EST

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>> let's do it. >> techknow - where technology meets humanity. kinds of dialogue with russia, and they have been changing it. and they are coming out of it as a result of the consultations with the e.u., and the e.u. regulations should be brought in line, but that is not our situation. what do you want to do. chuck it out the window. it says that ukraine has the
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right in the association agreement to retain or not retain the elements. it may be that some kind of commission is set up, and maybe it wont. but ukraine wants russia to maintain the services. you don't need to be a specialist to see that it's unfair that russia bears the burden of the preferences, while they line up with the e.u. russia, belarus and kazakhstan - all three have been arguing for years about the union.
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which can't change the customs. e.u. we can't do that. we are forced to go over. why should we continue trade preferences with the ukraine if they do that. in paris we understood our standards were better. absolutely i agree, with are is the money. external funding, and i was told, yes, you realise we can't do that at the moment.
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you said we did not see the instructio instructions. i want this to be heard loud and clear. this is not a question of sanctions. ukraine for us was a most faith nation. so ukraine can't actually impose on us worst conditions than on its other partners. so as from the 1st of the jan. ukraine will not benefit. what does it mean? it means that the tariffs will be around 6%. sometimes three, sometimes 10, but the average will be six. that the is not our choice, we have fought for that not to
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happ happen. nobody wanted to listen to us. and unilaterally as well, and in the style i have just told you. we will be working, obviously, on that issue, on the question of attacks. i tell you that we have no interests at all exacerbating the situation. our interest is is to make sure that this situation stopped. but with wiping people out in the south-east of the ukraine, something else. look at the results of the election in don pass, and how the south-east of ukraine reacted we have been watching vladimir putin in moscow delivering his yearly address for the last 20 minutes or so. he's been focussing on foreign
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policy as you can imagine, turkey and syria featured heavily. the low-level conflict with turkey, the fight against i.s.i.l. and how to end the conflict in syria. russia's president emerging as a key player as vladimir putin holds his annual state of the nation press conference. all the while his jets have been pounding targets. with russian jets with hundreds of civilians. it hit more than 200 i.s.i.l. targets across syria in the past 24 hours. vladimir putin spoke about the downing of a russian fighter jet in turkey. >> translation: we believe the actions of the turkish government, the downing of the jet, was not a friendly but a hostile act. people decide.
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what made us indignant. if it had been an accident and the turks didn't know it was our aircraft. they would have apologised. it didn't happen. n.a.t.o. started getting involved. is that necessary. >> let's bring in peter sharp. he has been listening in moscow. when it comes to turkey, it seems the hostility from the two countries, from the russian side remains. >> that's absolutely right. when vladimir putin mention the incident of the shooting down of that suk ov fighter, he is generally angry and remained that way. he says that the incident was basically a stab in the back. he's repeated that so many times and warned there has been repercussions. he's talking about tourism, the economy and says that the border
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is open. he says the border is open to i.s.i.s. and the jihadists, proceeding through turkey and to the caucuses, where they'll become a serious security problem for russia. there is great unhappiness there. i can't see anything reprushment there. >> when it comes to syria, little in russia's stance. when it comes to elections and the role that the government has in it. >> that's right. when the talks begin tomorrow in new york, vladimir putin was signalling that there has to be compromises to be made. there's only one way out of this, which is basically a political process. as far as bashar al-assad is
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concerned, and this is crucial to everything, really. he says that he is part - he regards part of the process, and vladimir putin trying to differentate between claims that are made, and the russian air forces have been attacking free syrian opposition targets, and he said he has been attacking what he called terrorist targets, but we have been actively helping the free syrian army in a fight against i.s.i.l., and reminds the audience that the battle against i.s.i.l. is a priority for russia. >> i'll leave you in moscow. we'll stay in moscow and be joined by the independent analyst maria lipman. good to have you on the show. interesting watching him perform. this is a different man, a different country from a year ago, where suddenly russia is key to so many of the issues in
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the middle east today. from this perspective. they have described the foreign policy. um it was successful in getting out of isolation, and seen as a threat to european security with policy in ukraine. to a very important international players. in the attempt to resolve. this change, this foreign policy success. how do you think the position will move on when it comes to the government in syria, we have heard from the u.s. position, certainly that their language seems to be more aligned with
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vladimir putin, how do you think he'll play it when it comes to elections which he has says he supports? >> the - what sounds like which word is appropriate. the coordination with the united states, how precarious or solid it may be. now it seems the context between the united states and russia is more frequent and vladimir putin said he was for a u.n. resolution, a joint resolution, would it be achieved is an open question. there'll be an election, and what happens after if the election is held. >> this is a what is terrorist.
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there's no agreement. >> i wonder how it plays out at home. how are they dealing with the fact that russia is expanding and what is the impact at home on the pockets. the level is 80-90%. it's the case for 20 straight months. >> i would not overestimate the
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sufferings. vladimir putin prefers to - it's similar to public perception. it's complicated, not critical. this is what he said in the state of the nation address to the parliament. complicated. russia's success giving a boost to nationalism, helping people face up to economic difficulties, russian people have a huge potential to getting adjusted. the mood is to get adjusted what helps is people on a par with the united states. vladimir putin helps russia to achieve that. vladimir putin is talking. he is key to any toll sues we'll
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keep an eye on this. if anything come comes out of it we'll let you know tens of thousands of syria has been put forward. human rights said is verified the pictures smuggled out. they document the death of some 6,700 people. over several years they died in custody, and in two military hospitals around damascus. this is one of the case makers. custody, an anti-bashar al-assad song was on the cell phone. his picture was amongst the
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photos. we blurred his face out of respect for the family. >> translation: it was him, akmed with a number. akmed was a sole. he was a number. people were beaten and tortured. bashar al-assad spoke about the photos. he dismissed them as allegations without evidence and said they could have come from anywhere. the deputy director of human rights joins us. we know, confirmed by you, that these come from syria. tell us what you know about the pictures, and what they tell us? >> indeed, this report answers
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the fact that the allegations that we don't know who the people are, they were detained. held and died in syrian custody. the evidence is overwhelming. not only by its, but people. we spoke to detainees. defectors who transported the body. and scribed the bureaucracy of deaths, taking the photos and orders to bury them. >> and the amount of people that are affected by this, and the levels, what do you put it down to. it was the state policy of negligence letting people die. otherwise you do not see the numbers. the photos represent more than 6,000 cases of people that died in detention over a period of
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27 months. that is not for all the period. these were photos taken at two military hops, and the numbers are higher. >> now that you know what is going on, what can you do with the information. interesting that russia is key to any peace manoeuvres in syria, do you think russia could put pressure on the regime to stop this happening? >> yes, we are convinced that russia has the ability, if it decides to, to put the issue to the syrian government for them to allow monitors. and we are releasing the report yesterday. we know that negotiations are resuming tomorrow in new york. and we believe that the file needs to be a priority on the negotiations. we know people are dying in detention. we don't know the scale. it is deflected in august 2013,
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and there has been three deflections since. there's no reason to believe that things have gone better. it's urgent that the situation is top priority, and the answer is easy, allowing independent monitors in, and assure that those that stigmatize that. >> it will be good to hear the response when you present this. thank you for talking to us. >> thank you in the next hour, representatives of libya's two rival parliament is expected to sign a deal to the former unity government. it is aimed at ending years of chaos since the revolution in 2011. the president of the national congress, and none of its members have been authorized to sign the deal. a ceasefire in yemen is in danger of collapse, with each
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side accusing the other of violence. the fighting between houthi rebels and forces loyal to the president is threatening to undermine u.n. brokered peace talks in switzerland we devoted some of the last 10 minutes of the show to the conflict in the middle east, proxy wars in yemen and syria, and the civil war in syria. it's the dark side of what is known as the arab spring. in the next 10 minutes, we want to take you back to where it's begun. the story of a tunisian grocer and his actions that resonate with so many. plus, china protests about a major arms deal, threatening sanctions against the companies involved. >> and in sport. sepp blatter arrives for his day in court. the head of the world football set to defend himself against corruption charges. tion charges.
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on this day five years ago event were set in motion to change the middle east and north africa forever. december 17th was the beginning of what was soon called the arab springs, leading to anti-government protests, revolution and war. it started with one man, a man had much. mohammed azizi, a street vendor selling fruit in a small town in tunis tunisia, and he set himself on fire against overbearing officials. we mark the story in the home town of mohammed. mohammed jamjoom is live in tunis for us. how has the day been marked? >> well, jane, there's not really any big sermon yea going
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on here in tunis. we are where so many of the protests happened five years ago. we are expecting a smaller commemoration later in the day, that might happen further down the avenue. really, where it's marked is where you mentioned earlier. and my colleague spent time with the family and friends of mohammed. who is the street vendor, who set himself on fire, which ushered in a range of uprising. >> reporter: this man said his cousin was trying to sell fruit and vegetables. the peace moved him on. he didn't have a permit. there was no jobs. the family relies on the income. they had to take the risk. >> the police decided to confiscate the cart and scales. when he went to the municipality, he was turned
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away. >> the goal in life was simple. he wanted to earn enough money to get married and hep his family. the constant harassment and poverty and corruption. perhaps he felt humiliated after a police woman slapped him. whatever the reason, mohammed decided he wanted to die. right opposite the officials that treated him badly. he was close by. >> translation: he set himself on fire, because he felt discriminated against. i saw him on fire, i saw people surround him, trying to put the flames out. it was a painful scene. >> mohammed was lonely, he had problems. no one was there to listen to his concerns and worries?
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>> his friends and families took to the streets. they were their on our list. we were able to raise slogans like employment is our right. a gang of thieves, we spoke out against the injustices. mohammed's vate. >> there were protests across tunisia. the plight resonated because they were suffering from the same frustration. mohammed died on 4th of january, 2011. 10 days later they left the country. i remember how things were. people stood together. people made promises. we are asking to unity, we hope the region will get the share of development, and the state rapes
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out to people here. >> people here are tired of the slow pace of change: many say life is difficult now. tunisians can give tunisians the freedom and dignity that eluded the young man all of his life. >> i want to bring in now my colleague. who is live from there today. i wanted to ask you what does mohammed and what happened to him mean to the people of here today? >> i think people here are proud of what happened here, and the role that they played in the tunisian revolution. there were celebrations, a garden val atmosphere with music, artwork organized by the union, the biggest union, they played a key role in the events
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after he set himself on fire. if you speak to people, they are frustrated. today very little has changed. the industrial zone has no investment. one in every two graduates are unemployed, and also this area, this region is the recruitment ground for groupslinged to i.s.i.l. and al qaeda, who are fighting in syria and libya, and fighting close by in the mountains, in this region, people are proud, frustrated by the slow pace of change. >> certainly there were other protests before mohammed did what he did. how was it that they were able to break through the blackout that had been imposed in tunisia. >> yes, you are right.
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there were protests, but the key is that the family and friends, among them got organized quickly. they got the videos to facebook. they were able to speak to facebook. and pretty much within a couple of days of them setting themselves on fire, the key is many say what happened with one is the death and fear. people were not fearful of coming on to the streets. that is a crackdown. people across the country were seeing the police shooting and killing protesters protesting peacefully on the streets. they take the risk themselves: >> thank you very much for that great perspective. we'll talk to you throughout the day as well.
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as mentioned. one of the main combonened was the use of social media. the face that bloggers got videos seen and shared let alone the wider world on to social media sites. i spoke with one of the more prominent bloggers to ask them about the roll this online activism played in 2011. here is our report. >> five years later. they remember well when they realized things had changed for good. >> had a discussion with the friends. in tunis, i think it was the second week. because we were coming, i was saying no, it was impossible that the regime will fall. my friend said it will.
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we had an open and public discussion, and then we went home. no one, not a single policeman came and told us you cannot speak about this. >> reporter: in 2011, like other young citizens, he place importance on the role of each one writing and someone else reading that. say that. it's as strongly now as then. it's in the center of the country. by then social media was limited in its spread, and no one knew about what was going on. in 2011.
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and the people with the security forces. the protest crew as quickly as it was online. many contend it was the power of the people and the power of the internet aallowed it to take route. there's no denying. >> videos like this one. showing the aftermath of brute force from a government trying so suppress. >> they most as much as they monitor them. >> yes helped break a fear barrier. >> that was the younger
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generation, and you see the result of the apprising when you see how free they feel, and whenever there's an issue voices from the actual world and the digital one. that will continue to resonate. >> i want to bring in a guest. you are an activist. a young professional here. you participated in in the revolutionary area in the protest. can you tell me how things for you have gotten better since the uprising. taking it up until, and the
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revolution of people in the house. people are - we are going everywhere. people are exposed to a lot of new things. >> there's technology. and so on. it's an open door for people that benefit on it. we had before it was banned, and people had a chance to get the information. it exposes many things to many people. >> let me ask you also, there's some fear here these days from activists, feeling that they will be targeted, perhaps, for their activism. do you think the situation has gotten better overall for activists, for n.g.o.s, civil societies, how is it now?
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>> no. activisms, and society and after the revolution. we had thousands that were after the revolution. they - they are in different fields, and activism. and they mainly target - would like to improve the wellbeing of the tunisian people to the regulations, because all the regimes have secure relations, so the n.g.o.s, and activists is mainly to... have taken the load, and it is the tunisian revolution, it's getting better now. people are benefitting from the activism. and many problems are solved before the n.g.o.s, and how
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people do things. it's mainly making a change on the tunisian people and the wellbeing of people, of course. >> thank you for that. that perspective on how things have changed for activists and young business people and entrepreneu entrepreneurs good to get that. thank you mohammed jamjoom. we'll leave i in tunisia, and come back. it is a five year anniversary of the revolution, that started others in the arab world. before we get on to other new, a recap of the top story. vladimir putin is holding the annual state of the nation press conference with journalists in moscow. the first question was on the economy. he is expected to answer questions - more questions on foreign and national policies. he touched on the strained relations with turkey, and the peace protest that he hopes to get under way in syria
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human rights watch has released a report, photographs, of the evidence of brutality in syrian detention centers. pictures smuggled out by a detector are evidence of crimes against humanity, committed by president bashar al-assad's regime. and let's turn to other news. america's top diplomat in china has been summoned to explain a deal with taiwan worth $2 million. the chinese government opposes the deal. the u.s. says it's taiwan policy, helping to maintained security in the region. political commentator says washington's asia foreign policy is confused. >> well, it's actually very difficult to understand it. u.s. actually recognises the one-china policy. that includes taiwan. it insists on going on with the
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taiwan's relations act, saying it gives arms to taiwan to defend itself. this is the equivalent of saying to the state of georgia, since you were involved in the confederate war, china will arm you, we recognise the u.s. as one country. there has been military to military talks and engagement. from the u.s. point of view. it's difficult to see the u.s. has not articulated a comprehensive foreign policy which involves both asia, europe and the middle east, and this has been a bit of a hindrance. american exceptionalism is a rationalisation, but it doesn't necessarily tell people where you stand in what is becoming a multipolar world. >> a proposed center for asylum seekers became riots in a dutch town. police made arrests.
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writers forcing a halt to a town council meeting. discussing a center. it was a display, since the syrian refugee center was attacked. airlines are to stop commercial flights. a formal agreement to be announced soon between the cold war enemies. the crippling u.s. embargo remains. >> burundi is on the brink of a civil war. the general issued the warning as it called for talks to prevent mass violence, the u.n. envoy will visit the region to press parties for talks, burundi has been in turmoil since april when president pierre nkurunziza sought a third term in office and won the election. 80 were killed after attacks on
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military sites last week. >> baltimore's mayor is calling for calm after a jury failed to reach a verdict in the place of a police officer, accused of killing freddie gray, in death whilst in custody. it lead to violent protests. >> let's change gears. typhoon miller has gone. not its rains. it's a never ending season. it's the latest across central philippines. the satellite gives you an idea of its core. it's an obviously formed typhoon. coming across the central philippines. it split apart. most of it appears to have gone over. the circulation went somewhere else. however, it still rained. for much of the time
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5:38 am january 2011 he was faced with an unprecedented mass protest movement calling for an end to injustice. he ordered the army to shoot protesters, but the head of the armed forces refused. his decision credited with preventing bloodshed. the protests continued and ben ali fled to saudi arabia with his wife. she was hated by many tunisians accusing her and her family of corruption. with ben ali gone, more protests led to his resignation on february, 22nd. elections were held in october. with the movement and islamic
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party winning a majority of seats. in disease. marooki ks sworn in, and jababali was sworn in as prime minister. he was imprisoned during ben ali's rule. the transition to democracy was not easy. by 2030, tunisia was in crisis. in february of that year, secular opposition leader was assassinated. in the wake of the murder the government was dissolved. solved. later that year another secular opposition leader was assassinated, leading to protests on the streets. the crisis leading to an agreement on an interim government and elections in 2014. they were won by a tunisian first freely elected president.
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he is a veteran politician at 89 years old. holding numerous government posts. since leaving office, marsooki campaigned for human rights. earlier, hundreds of tunisians welcomed him home. he resigned, citing differences with the party's political strategy. he is committed to the principles of the revolution, and the tunisian constitution joining me here in doha is a research fellow and specialist. in north african politics at the university. good to have you with us. >> people are freer than before. it's all about the political
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parties, the islamist party, for example, and members of the party have been able to consolidate their presence on the political scene, creating a civil war. as feather weight, adding weight to some extent. but feel they have not been able to offer or create a project for the society or address the challenges that tunisians face today. >> we might stay with us. we have spoken to people across the middle east about the impact of the tunisian revolution, and what it meant to them. >> i wasn't part of a protest. but wanted it to be for the good of the country. i was happy that there were changes. the poor are poorer, and the rich richer. >> we didn't think much of it at first, but it grew and made an
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echo. it was unbelievable. it was live daydreaming. >> tunisians don't understand the concept of freedom. at the end of the day i don't feel we have achieved anything. others noted the revolution, i don't think we have seen it as a success. the situation before was bad and tense, even brothers were afraid of each other. it felt like living in a pressure cooker about to explode. in terms of freedom of speech, there's an improvement. but people can't understand the concept of freedom. they don't know it comes with responsibilities. >> translation: the revolution in tunisia is considered the gate way to the arab springs, laying foundations to others in the arab world, inspiring people to change, rise and rid themselves of dictators to rise and hold the powers.
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it was followed by the egyptian revolution. >> as you say this, is called boazizi. put in up the square in 2011. this is living proof that the yemeni revolution was aspired bit the political one. it awakened the arab people reeling for decades over regime, oppression. arab spring revolutions will continue as the case in yemen. >> the tunisian revolution came as a shock. we had not expected them to topple within days. we did not expect to be a source of inspiration.
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the arab springs revolution was necessary as the people were spoking. the real side was revealed. everything was a lie on a lie. it was important for revolutions to take place. first of all, so the arabs could defend their honour and freedom. the consequence of tunisian's revolution, it did not have an effect. there's a difference at the beginning of the revolution in syria, there was suppression from the army and police. in syria, we were going to rise up. we were not going to wait for tunisia. when the time was ripe. we rose up. >> it was interesting listening to the impact on other countries. squares named after tunisia. do you think tunisia was key in igniting revolutions elsewhere? >> definitely, yes. it was an inspiring country, it's more complex than that. what we can see is that people feel marginalized. beyond the compromise that i
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mentioned before. tunisia is centralized. and people are still feeling some disgust from politics or party politics. to i would say the challenge is not only to have an example, but to show the way and a future way to negotiate and build a society together. >> tunisia leading the way i. but certainly of the other countries, security is a concern. look at what has been happening. the fact that there's so many i.s.i.l. recruits coming from tunisia. what is the problem. could it undermine the games. >> that is a crucial point. security will be addressed with 9 partnership of the local population. you cannot ignore them. despite being disappointed by the politics, people mobilize
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for social struggles to get a better education. if you have people and the country with attacks. security needs to be renewed, but with the partnership of the local population. >> thank you for your expertise. >> coming up on the programme... ..the football world cup winner giving new meaning to the sweeper position, andy will be here with the sport of the stay with us.
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a chinese rocket blasts into space to explore something that has never been seen. dark matter is invisible. tarek bazley explains. >> launching on board a long rocket from the launch center. china's dark matter particle explorer set to gave the scientists a view that none have had before. the 1400 kilogram spacecraft orbits at 500km. powerful telescope searches for high energy gamma ray and electrons. using a series of detectors, the
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craft mags the electric charge of the particles as they travel through space. they hope to see evidence of what is known as dark matter, never seen or detected. looking at the movement of galaxy, and believing it makes up 80% of the mass of the universe. >> the distortion from galaxies, playing with the likes of each other, and these measurements of these distortions is telling us that there's an decisional amount of matter. >> it is the first of four developed to explore the universe. it's expected to send data back to other, and is hoped that the ultra high revolutions will provide scientists with an
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unseen view. dos moss. sport with andy. sepp blatter in the hot seat. he has described the corruption investigation faced as an inquisition. the head of world football is in front of a court. the case of michel platini will be heard with michel platini opting not to appear in persons. sepp blatter has arrived, facing allegations of making a $2 million payment to michel platini. both insist they are innocent. more from lee wellings, in london for us. lee, blatter to face judgment by the ethics court that he helped to create. remind us how we have come to this. >> well, sepp blatter was instrumental in setting up the committee a few years ago. it wasn't an ethical position,
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f.i.f.a. was in a corner. he needed to do something, and he saw through the process, which ironically he's fighting against. he doesn't think it's fair he was there in the first place or that the investigation was fair. he, like michel platini is worried about prejudice against them. he says i'm isolated, but will not be silenced. and this committee led by the judge, who he knows well. suspects that it's already done, that there'll be a ban, maybe not a life ban, but could be for something like a few months, and that would end his time at f.i.f.a., it's coming to an end. he wants to go on his own terms. >> and that is the case that he has to answer whether it's a disloyal point or false accounting that he needs to talk about. it's not just f.i.f.a.
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investigating themselves, swiss and the u.s. police involved. where are we with their investigations. there seems to be a development. this is because the yate toorties make sure that they get to the bottom assay can -- to the bottom of what they can. the latest development froze millions of francs related to f.i.f.a. the u.s. authority asked for documents in relation to acts, over corrupt money again. lee wellings - i am sure we'll hear more throughout the hearings in switzerland. >> well, the swiss and the united states police investigations as we mentioned into f.i.f.a. resulted in multiple arrests around the world. and the former head of football the latest to be detained.
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ronaldo has been arrested after the supreme court approved the extradition to the u.s. that faces bribery, and also connected to broadcasting deals for the 2014 and 2018 world cups. >> well, the united states women's football team have suffered their first loss on home soil in 11 years, hopefully we'll have pictures coming up. beaten 1-0 by china in new orleans. it was the last game in the career of abby wom back, who didn't bow out as she had wanted. recognised as a greats ever player, playing in her 25th and final international. she scored 184 national team goals in her career, a record for both men and women. and was - won the world cup in canada. >> everybody in the locker room - they are like i'm so sorry.
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and i'm like there's nothing to be sorry about. you know, today wasn't about getting a result. it was about celebrating not just my career, but the chances i had with all my team-mates and the time that i spent with them. her career - i will tell you exactly what is going on in a second. we are going to go to surfing instead. we'll have pictures of the surfing, i promise you. in 2015 surf champion mick fanning survived a shark attack and helped rescue a fellow compete for knocked unconscious. now he's dealing with the death of his older brother peter. he learnt the news prior to competing in his third-round heat in the pipe masters in hawaii. fanning managed to commence to the next title. he's one of three vying for the crown. along with desouza and medina.
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>> i have personal stuff at home. it's heavy to talk about right now. yes. i don't know, i'm sort of - just cruising and just - yes, trying to go further. >> australian surfer durbridge suffered a fractured pelvis. the pipeline one of the most dangerous breaks and burbridge is one of three suffering wipe outs in the past fortnight three major league baseball stars defecting from cuba have been offering advice to up and coming players in havana. they made the first return home since the deflection. part of major league baseball's trip to cuba. the players that have been
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scorned for their defection, now the subject of public adulation and bayern munich's players have been doing all they can to dispel the myths of players lacking a sense of humour. >> here are the german champions making an appearance at the circus goal. yes, circus gala. they are leading the line with the spanish world cup winner playing the sweeper role. reports that the manager pep guardiola will leave the club at the end of the season to avoid the show, involving wild bulless jumping over various obstacles. it's apparently untrue. >> more sport later on. >> well done for battling the grem lines there's very much more to come. thank you for watching the newshour. more news ahead. we'll leave i with some images from tunisia's revolution,
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five years on from when it all began. began.
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the russian president lashes out at turkey and speaks out about i.s.i.l. and the conflict in syria. that is happening now in moscow i'm jane dutton, this is al jazeera. coming up, a new report examines a fast cache of evidence of human rights abuses, allegedly committed by the syrian government on its own people. also ahead... >> i'm here with a story of mohammed