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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 23, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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that's at 10:30 eastern. we'll bring that to you live. 100,000 and counting just this year, the flow of refugees into europe show no sign of slowing down. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. also ahead in this bulletin: with no letup in the fighting, there are serious doubts at that time plan for a partial truce in syria can come a reality. i india students blocked from a college campus. now there's a proposal to defuse
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the situation. hint at support for apple in its encryption battle with the j government. we begin with a continuing refugee crisis in europe. the international organization for migration has just announced that more than 100,000 refugees and migrants have already arrived on european shores this year alone. most of these, 97,000 people landed on the greek islands while more than 7,000 crossed to italy. more than 400 people have lost their lives so far this year, mainly on that sea crossing from the turkish court to the greek realized. meanwhile, along the greece-macedonia border, afghan refugees remain stranded after blocked from crossing over. the mass zoneians imposed restrictions on afghans entering their territory while allowing people from syria and iraq to
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pass through. those refused entry have been staging a silt in on the greek side of the border. we report from that border crossing. >> only iraqi an syrian nationals are allowed to continue their jury knee. at the moment, they are prevent because the afghans have been holding a citizen saying if they can't go in, we can't go in because they are refugees just like us. buses are waiting to be loaded with afghan nationals and they will be taken back to athens. there is a backlog, about 5,000 refugees there, not allowed to come towards the border area simply because authorities here want to sox the situation before allowing them in. this is certainly causing a lot of anxiety not only among the afghans who say we came all the way from our country to here going through all the risks, spending all our money and what is going to happen to us now, we
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cannot go back to having a, but is also causing uncertainty for the iraqis and the syrians are there. they are worried that soon maybe the borders will close for them and they want to continue their journey. there is friction between the two groups of refugees. >> with the afghan refugees, we are crossing over to afghanistan, kabul specifically. tell us what afghanis are telling you about the reasons they feel they need to leave the country. if anyone knows afghans, they know that they love their country. they want nothing more than to stay here and build a future. however, in order to do that, like anyone else, they want two things, security and a stable economy that promises a stable future, but in a nutshell, that
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simply hasn't happened here in afghanistan. that's why you continue to see afghans leave to places like greece. the year most international forces pulled out of afghanistan, a lot of international organizations and aid groups left with them. a lot of afghans depended on those organizations for jobs and depended on international aid to boost the economy in afghanistan. that simply hasn't happened. joblessness a widespread problem in afghanistan. you take a look at the growing signs of the recent deteriorating security weighs. in 2004, there were more civilians killed in afghanistan since 2001, that of course is when the u.s. and national forces first occupied afghanistan. then you have senior military officials telling al jazeera that over the past four days, afghan troops have pulled out of
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critical districts in southern afghanistan, suggesting that the taliban are making ground and the afghan forces are on their heels. you put all that together and it makes sense why some afghans are taking desperate measures and you see some of the outcome, tragic outcome of desperate measures in places like greece. >> we understand that this new round of kabul meetings held in kabul where you are has just wrapped up, so what does this mean for any hope of upcoming peace talks? >> well, they wrapped up a couple of hours ago. this was the fourth meeting. anytime these meetings end, a lot of people are eager so his if there is anything substantial that suggestion that the afghan government is actually closer to actually sitting down with the taliban. in a statement released an hour ago, the group makes an intriguing statement, seemingly positive statement, although still vague and lacking key
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details. the group says it invites all taliban and other groups to participate through their authorized representatives in the first round of peace talks with the afghan government expect to take place by the first week of marsh, 2016. now the afghan government position is they want the taliban to negotiate he a solution, but the date is, it looks like they've narrowed the time frame. if the statement is accurate, that means the first week of march, that's next week, the afghan government will be sitting down with representatives of the taliban for the first time since the summer of 2016, out there's still a lot of uncertainty surrounding these attacks if they take place. will all factions of the taliban be at the table, will these factions agree to stop fighting. a lot of questions, but an intriguing statement made by the
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group just a short time ago. >> thank you for that update from kabul. near the french city of kali, thousands face eviction. the government has given them until tuesday to leave their makeshift homes. thousands could be forced to move to nearby shipping containers. many hope for a court intervention. another major factor in this refugee crisis is the war in syria. the latest pause in fighting should begin saturday but opposition's main negotiating body wants international guarantee he is. the government accepts the current terms. inside syria, fighting continues on several fronts especially in and around the city of aleppo. these are kurdish fighting y.p.g. forces.
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first, talk more about the national guarantees that the opposition are asking for ahead of that cessation of hostilities. >> this is what the opposition here in turkey and also in saudi arabia of demanding, because they do not trust the syria government and syria regime and do not trust the russians, because they accused both sides that they are targeting not only syrians, but other syrians in order to weaken them at that they've tried in the past when the geneva talks happened, they were trying to get some sort of guarantee that is there will be some sort of cessation of hostility, asking the americans to force or convince the russians to stop bombarding. none of that happened. it remains to be seen if they
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will get that. they remain skeptical. they excluded isil and groups linked to those groups. it will be very interesting to see the next day. >> when it comes to the cessation of hostilities, what is turkey saying about this agreement that is meant to start on february 27? >> yes, there is some sort of tone that it could lead a cessation of hostilities, meaning less syrians are being killed. the turks do not trust the agreement, calling on the russians to stop targets syrian
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civilians killed by russian airstrikes over the last five months. also a strong note coming from the turkish prime minister saying that turkey knows what's happening on its southern border. this is a reference to the northern syria and the link. turks believe there is a link between russia and syrian regime. also with the y.p.g. and city and kurdish fighters trying to impose some sort of a kurdish area that will harm turkey in the future. >> ok, thank you for that update from turkey. in india, two students accused of sedition are ready to give themselves up to a court if their safety is guaranteed. the two are among five facing charges who holed themselves up inside the university in new delhi. police have not been allowed in to arrest them. the president of the student union is already in police custody. the government alleges the students chanted anti i understand i can't slogans at an event on campus condemning the
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execution of a separatist. >> thousands have taken to the streets in solidarity with the students. they are also demonstrating against caste based injustice. students accuse the government of unfairly cracking down on dissent. we have this report from the march. >> these protestors are marching against the suicide death of a student at the university. he killed himself in january because he said he was facing discrimination on campus. that sparked a debate throughout the country and led to accusations of discrimination against other untouchable caste students on other campuses. six students have been charged with sedition for making allegedly anti national remarks at a protest earlier this month. now, many people here in the crowd feel that this is just part of the government's plan to
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clamp down on freedom of speech and on dissent. this is why they've come out in droves to march. politicians around missing out on the action here. several of them have joined the marchers and will be making speeches later. today, this his the first day of the opening session of india's parliament. many opposition parties have told the government they will only allow bills to be passed if the issues being brought up by this crowd is heard. the indian government's also struggling to deal with another caste based crisis involving the relatively prosperous jat farming community. the government agreed to concessions in a bid to end days of protests. they are demanding access to more government jobs and university places. we have that story from new delhi. >> the chief minister says they're trying to create a new category of affirmative action
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giving more government jobs and university quotas. there is a deep mistrust of the government. the protestors say they've been promised this many times before and in fact promised reservation status by the government and each time it's been quashed by the supreme court. the minister has been summoned to deli where talks are going to go to a national level where there could be hard discussions about what concessions they can give to the jat community. we've seen some of the worst violence, buildings burned, vehicles torched and shops looted, residents are mostly staying indoors in case the acknowledge station flares again. blockades have been mostly dismantled and trains resumed. there are thousands of troops on the ground trying to maintain calm in many of the areas where the protests have been. now the effects of the protest are being felt in the capital. new delhi relies on harayana for
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most of its water supply, 50% from one particular canal. that canal has been damage would by the protestors while the government say they are doing everything they can to stop a water crisis. they warn there will be water shortages and it will take at least two weeks for supplies to return to normal in the city. still to come on the program, global oil industry leaders gather in the accident to find ways to turn things around. elected twice only to be ousted in a coup, the prime minister speaks to al jazeera.
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the top stories on al jazeera, the international organization for migration says more than 100,000 refugees and migrants have already arrived in europe this year alone. hundreds of afghan refugees stranded at the greece-macedonia border after macedonia blocked them from entering. the negotiation for syrian rebels wants negotiations to be met before fighting peace takes place. the syrian government accepts the current terms. the israeli army demolished the homes of two palestinian in the occupied west bank. properties belonged to two men convicted of killing five israelis in the west bank in israeli last year. the israeli government enacted the destruction policy when people are found guilty or even suspected of attacks against
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israelis. in ramallah, hundreds of striking palestinian teachers have been protesting outside the palestinian authority headquarters. they're refusing to work until they get better pay and conditions affecting about a million school children. >> this strike is about three key issues, salaries, pay rises and about promotion, but these key issues are issues that teachers in the occupied west bank and gaza strip have been fighting for for sometime. an agreement was reached between the palestinian authority and teachers union in 2013 to address those very issues, but never implemented. that is why we are seeing so many teachers come out in the streets. in fact, around 20,000 palestinian teachers were protesting. they make up the largest segment of civil servants underneath the palestinian authority, but they are some of the lowest paid. they are saying that they want
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to change that. they have said that they will also continue their strikes until a meaningful deal is put forward to address these issues. now the palestinian authorities for their part have said that they will not only meet those agreements agreed in 2013, again, salaries, pay rises and promotion, but they will also give everybody a pay rise of 5%. as we've seen on the streets here in ramallah, that that just isn't enough for these teachers. >> emergency supplies of food, medicine are pouring into fiji where the death toll has risen to 29. >> it's taken nearly three days, but help is coming to some of the fijian islands hit worst by
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saturday's cyclone. soldiers returned with people going to what's left of their homes. with phone communication cut, it was an exploratory run. >> we said we better make a run and check. what we saw, we were the first point of contact from the outside world, and what we saw is really devastating. >> a day later, this is the first trip with passengers, carrying people back who happened to be away for the storm. these are their first glimpses of their homes since. >> total destruction. >> is it better or worse than you expected? >> it's worse than i expected. >> this island used to be lush and green and the coastal villages used to be intact. the ship docks 45 minutes before dusk. with no power, passengers have 45 minutes of daylight to see up
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close what the wind and pounding waves have done. not far from the dock was a man sitting in the ruins of his home. >> i'm very sorry to see the building to be very devastating like this. very sorry. >> his house is not the exception. it's now the norm. people say three people died on this island of 6,000. given the damage, that number seems remarkably low. >> i came here in 2014 to do a piece about the upcoming election. i chose to come to this island, because it was known as one of the prettiest. i stayed in this village. look at it now. complete devastation. >> dusk and then dark hid the damage, but not its consequences. many have nowhere to sleep but
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outdoors. andrew tomas, al jazeera on the island in fiji. he or his allies have repeatedly won parliamentary majorities in thailand, but military coupes forts him into exile. he can't return because he fears for his wife. he's been speaking to wayne hayes in singapore. >> he remained in thailand but remains deeply connected to its politics. after he made his money in telecommunications, he was twice elected prime minister. since the most recent coup in his homeland two years ago, he's been unusually quiet but in an interview with al jazeera, he issued this warning to the generals who govern at present. >> i think the situation will not allow them to enjoy the
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power that much because the way they run the country, i think they should, you know, like i said, i think being careless about old people will not last long. >> his sister saw large protests on the streets, saying her government was trying to whitewash alleged financial crimes by her brother. the whole event was in fact well straight, he says. >> there were some military camouflage. i think that they plan a coup later. >> planned well before the coup happened, you believe. >> yes. >> well before the protestors hit the streets. >> yes. >> he still refuses to return to
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thailand. he has a two year jail sentence hanging over him there after he was convicted in his absence of abuse of power over a land deal. >> filled return, i would be assassinated. >> you think if you went back now, that your life would be in danger. >> definitely. >> who wants to kill you? >> i cannot say anything. i cannot tell. i cannot tell. i don't know who. >> the government says an election will be held next year, but he believes it won't be a fully democratic process. in the meantime, he says he hasn't held talks or negotiation with the generals who seem determined to keep his family out of thai politics. al jazeera, singapore. you can watch the full interview on al jazeera this saturday on talk to al jazeera at 04:30g.m.t.
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lebanons prime will visit gulf states soon after an aid payment was canceled to the lebanese military. saudi arabia accuses lebanon of failing to back it in its on going dispute with regional rival, iran. one area saudi and iran found common ground is oil, proposing stabilizing oil prices languishing at 10 year lows. industry leaders are gathering in the home of oil, the accident, to see what other solutions can be found. >> the world's oil leaders all agree on one point, there's no hope for the quick fix for oil price. the international energy agency released to new forecast that said prices won't return to the $80 a barrel range until 2018. >> i think in 2016, we will see
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oil prices being week, but with 2017, we are seeing a balancing starting in the markets and 2017, 2018, rebound of the prices. >> the price of crude plunged for more than $145 a barrel from it's peak to 2008 to now, leading to 300,000 layoffs worldwide and something of a panic in the industry. >> dozens of businesses on the brink of bankruptcy in the united states, little companies in shale country. you're looking at the venezuelan government at 180% inflation and 6% contraction in the economy, and you're looking at companies like she have ron that have never posted a loss posting losses. we're in a historically bad moment in the oil industry. >> mexico's president said low
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prices hit the national oil company hard. >> like the other oil companies of the word, it has challenges driven by international low oil prices and we'll have to overcome them by that smart financial decisions. we will have to cut expenses and reach greater efficiencies. it will have to prioritize investments. >> houston launch has lost 60,000 jobs since prices crashed. >> the best that oil exception and leaders of oil producing countries hope for now is a long term plan to return oil prices from the $30 a barrel range to something nearing $100. forecasters predict that prices could fall even further into the $20 range. >> analysts say the perfect storm that caused prices to plunge, high production from american shale oil producers, a surge of iranian oil on the global market and weak efforts to restrict production show no signs of ending soon. >> facebook boss mark zuckerberg
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supports apple in its standoff with the u.s. government. the tech giant is refusing orders to create software which would give f.b.i. access to an iphone of a mass shooter. >> the facebook c.e.o. mark zuckerberg became the latest technology leader to back apple's position. he said granting back door access to encrypted devices and messages as apple's been asked to do is neither effective nor write. facebook has a stake in this issue. its own messaging app what's app what over 1 billion users and it makes use of end to end encryption technology. >> we're sympathetic with apple on this one. we believe in encryption. we think that's an important tool that honestly people are going to find a way to get anyway. i think that that's -- i just think it's not the right thing to try to block that from the
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mainstream product that people want to use and i think it's not going to be the right regulatory or economic policy to put in place. >> support then for apple, but zuckerberg also said facebook has a responsibility to help the government fight what he called terrorism by stopping users from using the network. it's a fine line to walk and one many delegates here say requires a balanced approach. >> i think ultimately, the government needs a way to protect. >> you think apple should help? >> yeah, i think they have to. they should not open up the access to everybody and in every case. it should be case by case base. >> we strongly believe that they should not be responsible for basically giving the government a back door into people's privacy. >> the data security of hundreds of millions of people is at stake. they say the judges call to help the f.b.i. could set a dangerous
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precedent and threaten the civil liberties of everyone. apple's former legal argument is expected on friday. >> much more on that. the pentagon puts out its plan to move guantanamo bay detainees to the u.s. congress is saying no. donald trump looks for his third win in a row as ted cruz and mar rob a try to break his momentum. the city of flint, michigan, the officials say neither side is takinac