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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 24, 2016 3:00am-3:31am EST

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>> thank you very much everybody. thank you donald trump's u.s. presidential bid as he celebrates a big win in l.a. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. obama gears up for a fight to push through the closure of guantanamo bay. >> it may be too late to keep it as a whole syria if we wait much longer warnings that syria could break up if the fighting doesn't stop.
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urgent investigations into several possible new zika virus cases which may have been sexually transmitted >> u.s. republican candidate donald trump says he is growing more confident of winning his party's presidential nomination after a caucus vote victory in nevada. it follows consecutive wins in new hampshire and south carolina. >> we weren't expected a couple of months ago, we weren't expected to win this one. you know that. we weren't. of course, if you listen to the pundits we weren't expected to win too much and now we're winning winning winning. the soon the country is going to start winning, winning, winning.
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i want to thank the volunteers. they have been unbelievable. these people work endlessly. we're not going to forget it the former chairman of the republican party in the state of texas says marco rubio and ted cruz are glajd in a close fight over who will become donald trump's main challenger. >> there are some trance polls that have come in and these suggest that donald trump won the evangelical vote so that is bad news for ted cruz. they also indicated that marco rubio got the late deciders. my guess is donald trump is going to be around the 40%, maybe high yefr. he is-- higher. he will definitely come first. the contest is between ted cruz or marco rubio will be the primary challenger and can they do it in time. i suspect that the momentum of
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the last week really carried marco rubio fared. coming into a surprising second in south carolina, cruz coming in third in a state which he thought he could win. heavy on evangelicals, cruz has put his place on shoulderers the community obama plans to close guantanamo bay. obama announced yesterday saying the prison camp undermines the country's security and the country's standing in the world. >> reporter: it was one of his first promises in office and now obama is hoping in his last year he can actually accomplish it. close the controversial detention center in guantanamo bay, cuba. are we going to let this linger on for 15 years, 20 years, 30
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years. for all that time dozens of men have been held in limbo. many so desperate they went on a hunger strike only to be tied down and fed through a tube. the president is going to try once again to change their location, sending a new plan to congress. it is a bit vague listing unnamed 13 sites in the u.s. where detainees could be held. he says it will be cheaper. >> it is counterproductive to our fight against terrorists because they use it as propaganda in their efforts to recruit. >> reporter: the ambassador was in charge of countering terrorists. he disagrees. >> the negative influence that these things have are going to live on long after they have been shut down. so it is almost irrelevant in terms of the propaganda effect of it today is negligible.
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>> reporter: the president would have to get his plan through a congress controlled by the opposition. they are unlikely to go along >> we will review the plan, but since it clues bringing dangerous-- clues bringing dangerous people, the opinion has been expressed against that proposal. >> reporter: this is an election year and this is an issue that divides the parties. >> not only are we not going to close guantanamo bay, but when i'm president, if we capture a terrorist alive. they're not getting a court hearing, they're going to guatemalan and we will find out everything they know. >> reporter: the president might move them on his own. he is hoping the majority of detainees will be transferred to other countries by the time he leaves office. they may try to change the color of their jump suits but not their detention politicians in libya is internationally recognised
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parliament have yet to vote on the proposed new unity government. there were angry exchangess as they fell to agree on the make up of a government which would be backed by the u.n. vote has been postponed to next monday as there were not enough mps present. libya is has two rival governments supported by different militias meanwhile libya's national army says it has pushed rebel fighters out of i.s.i.l. the army is allied with the tobruk parliament. ten people have been killed and nearly 50 injured in the fighting. the forces are being assisted by french peshawar forces. crews in fijis are travelling to help with the aid of the people
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there. >> reporter: the damage here is repeated in the villages dotted right along the coastline of this island. at least here you can still see the basic structure of some of the houses, even if the walls and the roofs are missing. in some places everything has been flattened. you can see some of the dangers that people face, apart from the heat and humidity and lack of shelter, by iron hanging off buildings, wiring hanging everywhere. i will take you inside what used to be somebody's home. a living room of sorts. a kitchen. i'm not quite sure what was out the back, but you can see to the trees out there because the roof has totally gone. let me show you the real force of this wind. that ship. that temperinger was moored more than a5 kilometers down the coast. the wind swept it off its moorings right here. the incredible force of wind that must have done that. it seems to be the case across
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fiji people did on the whole manage to shelter. that does explain why despite this level of destruction, despite the clear power of the wind, relatively few people died al jazeera has been shown documents showing that the german telecom giant siemen sold surveillance kwament to the egyptian government. cairo paid millions of dollars for equipment designed to protect the president, but it could also be used to spy on the pub lick. the revelation has caused companies to come coup clean >> reporter: this is the length that the governments have gone to protect themselves. they demonstrate the existence of a secret arm of state, trd, technical research department. they show nokia siemens has sold
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equipment to trd to enable the services to conduct mass surveillance, a monitoring sensor, equipment to listen to landlines and mobile phones at the public at large >> they have a big budget in egypt for surveillance technologies and they were the ones who are looking for the next new technology to sort of - high-technical up-to-date technology to surveil civilians. it is weapon kilometers that are trying to paracel new products. so the t drchlt is the obvious customer >> reporter: it dates back to before 2014 when the president was ousted suggesting that they were not only facilitated to help clamp down on dissent after the arab spring. it appears the technology has proved useful to the current government. this audio clip lifted from a mobile phone call is between the
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son of the jailed former president and close friend in which they discuss what to do after hundreds of protesters were killed by egypt's security services in 2013. the clip was played on egyptian television. he and his father were arrested and jailed. his brother is convinced this famous technology helped portray them and thousands of others is a traitors >> they try to log into their phones and take personal information. it is like for many activists now who are in egypt trying to work in the field of human rights, for example, or work in the field of trying to - any civil society actions. they have to take extreme security precautions and because they know that the security services want to have surveillance of them. >> you have to hack your target. >> reporter: this revelation after an italian surveillance company called hacking team was itself hacked and thousands of
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documents put in the public domain. they've been selling the egyptian government malware to allow security teams to control people's electronic devices. no european companies can export this sort of equipment to egypt without the permission of their governments. a group of politicians will call on germany and italy to explain why they think these sales to egypt were proposed >> we have a responsibility for our companies here in europe and those companies have to accept that they're responsible for the united nations guiding principles on businesses and human rights. in this instance it is very clear to me that those guidelines are being breached and these exports are wrong. >> reporter: hacking team pointed out that the sales are legal and western governments sells war planes and missiles to egypt. it says the equipment could help the west fight against
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terrorism. siemen couldn't comment because they sold the subsidiary health officials in the u.s. are investigating 14 new zika infections which may have been sexually transmitted. they're all in men who visited areas where there was the zika outbreak. earlier we spoke with dr peter hotus from the texas children's hospital. he explains why these cases are significant. >> what's happening in these 14 cases described by the center for disease control is these are all men who are in the early stages of their infection meaning when they first have got infected within the first two weeks of their infection. they seem to have the ability to transmit the virus to their wives, to their partners. so what it means is that this is still a rare event but it is still possible under certain circumstances. we want to keep our eyes on the main prize. this is a disease that is
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transmitted through the bite of the mosquitos, a mosquito that is widespread throughout latin america and the carribbean and into the gulf of the u.s. this is the transmission of getting bitten with the zika virus. if you have the virus, if you're in the early stages of infections, there is a remote possibility you can transmit it sexually but we should keep focussed on mosquito transmission for this disease coming up, conservatives on iran feel their grip on the government may be loosened for the first time in a decade. a record of refugees have been superannuationed on the greece-macedonian border. border.
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the top stories on al jazeera. donald trump has won the republican caucus vote in nevada cementing his status as a front runner. this follows his win in new hampshire and south carolina. marco rubio is second and ted cruz a close third. republican presidential hopefuls and congressional leaders in the u.s. are opposing obama's plan to close guatemalan prison. politicians in libya's internationally parliament are yet to agree on the u.n. backed unity government. the vote has been postponed to next monday as there were not
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enough mps present. turkey is saying it has doubts about a cease file deal in syria. it has threatened to continue with ar till restrikes. ankara doesn't believe the deal will be respected by all of the warring side. the agreement also excludes i.s.i.l. and al-nusra. the deputy prime minister of turkey warned that his country would continue if necessary to hit back at incoming fire from syria even after that truce comes into effect. the u.s. secretary of state warned it can be hard to hold syria together if talks on its future fail. our diplomatic james bays has more from the u.n. headquarters in new york. >> reporter: over almost five years of war in syria, there is one thing that the u.s. administration, the united nations and most of the international community had not wanted to talk about and that's the break-up of syria. automatic along they've-- all
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along they've stressed that there had to be unity and territory yol integrity of the country. it's that spectre that john kerry secretary of state raised when he was questioned by u.s. senators >> someone is going to have to sit down at a table and arrive at an understanding of what syria is going to be. it may be too late to keep it as a whole syria if we wait much longer. that's what is at issue here >> reporter: i think one of the reasons why john kerry is racing this now is because he know-- raising this now because he knows the stakes are high. it is a key moment that will affect syria's future because in less than three days that cessation of hostilities is supposed to start at 12 midnight friday night going into saturday morning and then if that holds they're going to try and get a restart of those geneva peace talks. everyone knows this will be a very, very difficult period in nepal a small plane
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carrying 23 people has gone missing. poor weather conditions are making the search difficult. two foreigners from china and kuwait were reported on board as well as two children. that plane took off from a resort town and was heading north when it lost communication. one is for a new parliament and for a body that will elect the next supreme leader. conservative is control the parliament for the first time in a decade. >> reporter: iran's old guard is rallying around. they've formed an alliance of conservatives and hard liners. these clerics are being briefed to tell people it's their duty to turn out, vote and give support. >> translation: the enemy wants to infiltrate. america wants to get in through the back door. it wants to infiltrate our
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centers of power and decision-making. >> reporter: posted outside the mosque an array of candidates in what will be the most hotly contested elections in a decade. they place an emphasis on mosques for their social networking, a rise in moderates and reformists is connecting with the tech savvy people and there are many of them. one looking at the growing coffee shop culture show that whatever the restrictions on websites, facebook is banned along with twitter, people manage effectively. four irans are using the telegram app which has escaped any blocks. one of these two english teachers says she wants an end to the restriction. >> it really matters to me. i do care about it because as human beings we all have rights to travel around the world. >> reporter: it will be wrong to say there is outright dissent here but people do want change.
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>> translation: one of the most important achievements is fulfilling the promise for satisfactions. it has made people happy after eight difficult years. >> reporter: the popularity of moderate the president seen here at a medal awards ceremony for his negotiators in the nuclear deal is rising. the conservatives and hard liners have key control of institutions. it is more than half of those wanting to stand in the parliamentary elections. also barred nearly 80% of those wanting to be candidates in the assembly of experts and that's the body which will eventually choose the next supreme leader after iotol. for now absolute power still lies with the supreme leader
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iotola, even if the conservatives and hard liners do lose control of the parliament pressure piling up on european countries which lie along the retch gee route. more than 100,000 refugees and migrants have arrived in the continent so far this year. that's more than eight times the number seen during that same period in 2015. our correspondent reports from the greece macedonia border which has been closed to stop some people from crossing. >> reporter: it took most of the day to move the afghans and end the standoff at the border. many didn't understand why they had been singled out when their country has been ravaged by war for decades. they are not knowing what will happen next. >> we sold the house and the car
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everything to spend to come this way. i do my best. >> reporter: after gangs make about 30% of all rivals in - tash arrivals in greece. the u.n. says they meet reef gee status. they have to go through several borders before reaching western europe. if they make it through this one, they will face the same problem at the next border. this group was just pushed back to greece. among more than 10 deported by macedonia, including iranians considered as economic my grant. hundreds are stranded at the northern border with serbia. it comes after austria, slovenia, serb, croatia and macedonia imposed new restrictions to reduce the number of people flowing through their territories. when the border opened, syrians
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and iraqis discovered that they will have to go through tougher controls and there's panic among them >> translation: i'm from aleppo. i only have this id card. my area is surrounded and i'm afraid they won't let me in >> reporter: many don't have the paperwork needed and will have to stay in greece for now. some the disappointment is too hard to contain a french court has delayed its decision on whether closing part of a refugee and migrant camp in calais is legal. several charities and refugees appealed aagainst its closure saying it would violate human rights of thousands of people who live there. last week the french government ordered those living in the southern part of the camp to leave before tuesday evening. it is likely a decision on the future will be made later this week. >> reporter: this is the
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southern part of what's called the jungle camp in calais. it is wet, it is dirty, but for many refugees it's home. they have told us some of the refugees here that they greatly value the facilities that they can use, things like educational tents, medical facilities and restaurants where they can get a hot meal for free. they feel if they have to move to new accommodation, they won't get the same kind of facilities. there was a fear they might have to move out as early as tuesday evening, but a judge needs more time to make a decision. so for now they're staying put. this is the place that the authorities would like the refugees to come to. it is a new camp just a short distance from the jungle made up of heated containers. the people who run this center say it's much cleaner and much safer because there are not people traffickers around here.
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there are a few hundred spare places still, but it's filling up quickly. people are going to other parts of france where they can get accommodation but also get vice on how to claim-- advice on how to claim asylum in france and to start claiming a new life. for many they dream of heading to britain and people have disappeared from centers. the fact that they can get solid advice in safe conditions like this will be an attraction protests have been held in more than 30 industries around the world to support apple's refusal to give f.b.i. software to gain access to a terrorist mobile file.
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our correspondent reports. >> reporter: protests organized against the government's order across the u.s. in dc they gathered outside the f.b.i. headquarters >> the f.b.i. is asking tech workers to deliberately undermine the security systems that they themselves are working to build >> reporter: one poll suggests a majority of americans don't see what the issue is and one of software's pioneer suggested the government has a case. >> this is a specific case where the government is asking for access to information. they're not asking for some general thing. they're asking for a particular case. >> reporter: facebook, google and even microsoft ceo and chief legal officer have expressed misgivings >> the f.b.i. isn't asking apple to hand over the password of one phone because they don't have it. they're stored on the phones themselves. instead the government wants apple to create a new program to
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bypass the security system so they can have millions of attempts at cracking the code. at the moment if ten erroneous attempts are made the phone is wiped. >> reporter: this isn't about one phone used in a mass shooting in california >> it is a legal precedent that can be used multiple times in all kinds of circumstances and not just involving cell phones but everything that is connected to the internet from cars to appliances medical devices >> reporter: the white house assured technology companies it would not seek a potentially contentious fight over legislation forcing the installation of so-called back doors in encryption technology. it has been reported that the obama administration instead ordered government agencies to find work arounds. the use of an obscure law from the 18th century, the all writs law to help apple help the
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f.b.i. to break into a national tragedy would appear to be an attempt to do that. even those who support the strategy accept that a complex international precedent is being set. would you be concerned if russia or china used ancient law to try and get a back door into encrypted technologies in their own countries? >> absolutely. i am concerned about my own privacy. i'm concerned about the protection of my own sensitive personal family information. we have the brain power across this land to bring them together so that in a way that allows law enforcement to do its work and still allows us to be protected. >> reporter: the case goes to court in march a mother guerilla and her baby are doing well in a british zoo. the baby was born by c-section
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after the mother showed potential life-threatening signs. a doctor was used for the operation not a vet. you can read about all these stories on firefighters in the u.s. are more liabilities to die by suicide than by fighting fires. in 2015 alone more than 80 firefighters killed themselves. but the numbers could be higher because most fire departments to not track suicides. it is a subject that's rarely talked about in the fire service. >> the average person can't