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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 1, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EST

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only on al jazeera america. aacan >> there is no humanity here european police chiefs to meet hoping to avoid of repeat of scenes like these. welcome. i'm peter dobbie. a shaky truce struggles to hold in syria. we look at why latinos are registering to vote enmass. >> reporter: i'm in china where legislation has been 20 years in
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the making is finally about to outlaw domestic violence. critics say it doesn't go far enough. police chiefs from greeps and several balkan states are meeting to discuss the ongoing refugee crisis. they will be talking about monday's chaotic scenes on the macedonian-greece border. our correspondent reports. thousands are stuck being they're not being allowed in >> reporter: impatient and exhausted, they first marched towards the railway gate on the border demanding to be let through. soon things got out of control.
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some refugees managed to tear down part of the fence. others hurled stones at the forces on the other side of the fence. they responded with tear gas. rumour has spread around the camp that the border had opened. hundreds of refugees ran towards the fence. this woman and her children were sitting around their tent when the rumour reached them. we ran towards the gates. i couldn't see further up, but then they fired tear gas. i fell while running away. this was wrong. we demand our rights. we have to have patience and slowly people will get in. >> reporter: it was in vein. mass dpoenian forces had pushed everyone back and brought the situation under control. it was a disaster in the making,
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people have been stranded here for as long as ten days. the camp is over congested and the uncertainty among refugees is overwhelming. emotions are running high. this family arrived a day ago. >> there is no feeling. there is no humanitarian here. no humanitarian. finish. >> reporter: like many others, she wanders what will happen next. some of the protesting refugees are still refusing to move back from the fence. >> all the people, they cannot. they said that there are no setback $. we want to step back. we want to be here. without food and without water. we don't need any food. we just need to open the doors. >> reporter: most refugees
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returned to their tents. even more worried now that europe will tighten its frontiers even further as the debate continues across europe about how to deal with the crisis, more refugees are risking their lives to get there. the italian coast guard has rescued 51 refugees off turkey. women and children were crammed into a rubber dingh yeshgs. refugees have been evicted by their makeshift camp in northern france. the southern half of the camp has been dismantled. it has been home to thousands of migrants hoping to reach the u.k. >> reporter: as workmen and the bulldozers moved in to try to clear the camp, so too did those trying to stop them. attempts were made to start pulling down makeshift shelters
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and anger boiled over. activists and some refugees and migrants reat all yatd targeting the police. throwing stones and setting fire to part of the camp. police used tear gas and water canyon to try to push-- cannon to try to push them back. >> translation: you can see the protesters didn't hesitate to set fire to tents and shelterss or to throw stones at the police. it is not acceptable. >> reporter: the camp or jungle as it has become known is home to several thousand refugees and migrants, many ending up in calais hoping it will become a gateway to britain. the u.k., though, wants to keep them out. so men, women and children have found themselves living here in limbo. >> there are hundreds of children living here who are unaccompanied. we're worried it will force them
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into other camps in worse conditions and we are worried they will go missing. >> reporter: the authorities say they are offering people better accommodation nearby or at reception centers in different parts of france. some have taken up that offer to move, although it is being met with resistance by others after months of desperation and being forced to live on the edge of wider society. there is deep distrust here turning to syria where the u.n. has accepted up its aid deliveries to besieged areas since the fighting began four da days ago. this is aaccusing the government the violating the agreement. this shows soldiers fighting soldiers. i.s.i.l. isn't taking part in the cessation of hostilities, but opposition groups who are
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say the army is targeting them too. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry speaking about the truce violations says it's important they are handled properly. >> we have agreed that while there have been some number of violations reported on both sides, and we take them all very seriously, we do not want to litigate these in a public fashion in the press. we want to work to eliminate them. we have agreed on a process by which we will do that. there is a team of people on the ground in geneva and there are a team of people in aman jar done and they are in touch with each other and with people in syria. we are going to crackdown each alleged violation and work even more now to put in place a construct which will help us to be able to guarantee that missions are, indeed, missions
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against al-nusra or missions against d.a.e.s.h. our correspondent is live for us near the turkey syria border. when john kerry is talking about a construct to help us go after al-nusra, in real terms what do we think he means by that? >> reporter: i think it's to try and find a structure by which everybody abides to, but i think it's very difficult to establish it on the ground. we are already on day four of the truce and i wonder why that structure didn't happen before the truce even started or even when the americans and the russians were talking about a possibility of the truce. it is very difficult to pin down, i think. there is a number of reasons for it. one is because al-nusra has had links to al-qaeda but it is also spread in a number of areas, so it could be hard to appreciate who is al-nusra and who is not.
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the second is you have alliances between within the rebel group. some are close to al-nusra and some are distant from them. they consider it a threat, they say al-nusra has links to al-qaeda. they are also not shying away from i.s.i.l. it is very difficult. my count about 70 now, i think, and the number of violations so far. probably the americans and the russians need to try and plan out who committed what violation because the fear is, and that is according to the syrian opposition, the truce has been fragile, it is going to collapse very quickly thank you for that. assaulting your partner has now become a crime in china. it is hoped the new domestic violence law will encourage abused women to overcome the stigma and take their abusive
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spouses to court. they've been waiting 20 impreers for this. >> reporter: this woman spends a lot of time alone, but at least she is safe now. safe from her husband who thought it acceptable to regularly beat her. >> translation: he hit my face. his mother was there and did nothing. people there think it is normal for husband to beat up his wife where he came from >> reporter: he was careful not to mark his face. focusing on her arms, legs and back. she went to hospital twice and gave up on the police. >> translation: i went to the police and reported this incident, but the police told me this is family issue, so they did not take any action. >> reporter: there is still a stigma aattached to domestic violence in china which makes this a brave woman. until now she has not spoken
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publicly about her abusive marriage, a marriage which had begun so happenly. after filing for divorce, her husband and mother-in-law came and took her son away. >> translation: he and his mother took my son from me by force. they beat me up in my neighborhood and grabbed him from me. my son was only two. i haven't seen him for two years. >> reporter: most surveys show that one in four married women in china suffer violence at the hands of their partner, but the real figure is probably much higher because reporting abuse is still rare, especially in the countryside. from today victims of domestic abuse in china will be able to go to court to seek a restraining order that could force the abuser to move out of the home. courts will have just 72 hours to make a ruling. the critics say the legislation still doesn't go far enough since it fails to outlaw marital rape and doesn't place enough
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emphasis on health and social services. this lawyer has been dealing with domestic violence cases for more than 20 years. he says the new law will help, but worries there's too much onus on the police to respond. >> translation: i think this new law will definitely play a very important role in reducing the number of domestic violence cases, but more importantly how it will be enforced. we need to see results soon. >> reporter: the new law came too late for this lady and for other women like her, forced by tradition to suffer in silence coming up in the next few minutes here on al jazeera, spy tapes and corruption allegations. the push to revive a case against south africa's president. plus eight days and counting. an attempt to derail government legislation in south korea.
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welcome back. the top stories from al jazeera. police chiefs from greece and several balkan states are meeting today to discuss the growing refugee crisis. this comes a day after refugees and police clashed at a border. the u.s. secretary of state has confirmed both sides in the syrian conflict have violated the truce agreement made four days ago. however, john kerry says the breaches have not been significant enough to break the
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cessation of hostilities deal. a long awaited law against domestic violence has come into effect in china. one in four women suffer abuse during their marriage. five years during the syrian war, many children are traumatised and at risk of becoming ill, abused and exploited. 8.3 million children inside syria and sheltering in neighboring country are in dire need of basic assistance. 2.2 million syrian children now live at refugees in neighboring turkey, jor dpan, lebanon andy jipt. one of the basic right of any children is education but 2.8 million children are out will school. since the conflict began, thousands of children have now become orphans.
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our correspondent met some of them living in reyhanli in southern turkey. >> reporter: this house not far from the syrian border is a safe haven that tens of thousands of other syrian children wish they had, a place to learn and play away from the air strikes and air bombs. this is the or fan age that houses 60 children whose family have been killed by the regime and allies. it is run by an ngo which is there help these children. each face has a harrowing tail. this 11-year-old is from homs. most of the city has been bombed to the ground. his father was killed by soldiers. the teachers here told me he wets his bed regularly and rarely manages to sleep through a notice without screaming. he hopes for a better future.
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>> translation: when i grow up i want to be an architect to rebuild my country >> reporter: i ask him what message he has to the world leaders. >> translation: i tell them you don't love us like you claim. if you did you would have liberated us. >> reporter: this girl is five. losing her parents has left her so distraught she finds it difficult to speak. her eyes tell a story by themselves. this is another child forced to grow up way too quickly. it is tough, she says, to get the sounds of explosions out of her head >> translation: life used to be so nice. after the revolution things became horrible. they destroyed everything with their weapons >> reporter: listening to some of these orphans stories is enough to make anybody with a sense of humanitarian want to bring an end to this war. the problem is, is not only have they been robbed of their parents, the more and more it will kills.
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the or fan fannage have a stron education mandate. unless money is found, these orphans may find themselves without a home. >> translation: we're looking for funding. we've sent messages to numerous organizations but no-one has responded. on some days the children are taken on trips. today they visit the border with syria. this is the closest they can get to their homes without fear of barrel bombs or russian air strikes. as they close their eyes they picture a syria free from all of the killing where the child's future is more important than military ambition where innocence is cherished not bombed from the sky. a hope they wish will some day come true three suicide bombers have killed eight soldiers near the dam n in western iraq.
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the bombers were disguised uniforms. they entered the base with fake ids before blowing themselves up. lawyers from the main opposition party in south africa are in court trying to reinstate corruption charges against president zuma. he was charged with corruption over a four billion dollar arms deal 11 years ago. the case collapsed in 2006. then it was reinstated in 2007. shortly after mr zuma was elected. the charges were dropped again weeks before the general election in 2009. the prosecutor said he couldn't get a fair trial pause phone tapped conversationss revealed political interference in the investigation. our correspondent follows the story >> reporter: the da will be spending the next three days trying to convince a full bench three high court judges that the decision by the national prosecuting authority to drop 783 corruption charges against the president was wrong.
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this all comes down to what is known as the spy tapes. these are secretly recorded phone conversations between the then head of a special investigations unit, a former head of the national prosecuting authority and a former minister of justice an in which there is evidence that they may have colluded on the timing of these charges. now, at the time of dropping these charges, the national prosecuting authority says that that was evidence of political interference in the process. the da is argue regardless of whether there was political interference or not, the strength, the merit of the case against the president was strong enough that he should have had his day in court. it once that decision to trop the charges reviewed, over turned and for the charges to be reinstated. the about has always argued there was a political conspiracy against him at the time and he says in a statement issued late last night that this is merely an effort by the da to score political points and to win votes, but on the same day in
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parliament in cape town the president will be facing a vote of no confidence, so this is a very difficult day for him the man accused of ruining monday ewe meant in mali is due to stand trial. it is the first time time it has been included as a war crime at the icc. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: the ancient city here was occupied by rebels four years ago. fighters from who linked to al-qaeda destroyed tombs and mosques. hundreds of years of history smashed into piece. this man is accused of destroying that cultural heritage. if the international criminal court in the hague confirms the charges again him, he will become the first man to be tried
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for war crimes against buildings and culture. at a pretrial hearing in september he linked to the charges and identified him. >> translation: i am from a tribe. i was born about 40 years ago. i'm a graduate from a teachers institute. i was a civil servant in the government beginning in 2011. >> reporter: it was once an important center of islamic learning which was badly damaged during the sar dean occupation. they hope this will deter others from destroying ancient treasures elsewhere in the world. fighters have blown up 200,000 year old architecture and statues. it will make legal history if it is successful prosecution. it will also send a message to
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people that destroying sites can be cause them to be brought to justice presidential hopefuls looking forward to center tuesday. it is a make or break moment for many in the race. donald trump leading the republicans with 81 of the more than 1200 delegates required to win the nomination, but his main rivals marco rubio and ted cruz in his home state working hard to defeat the billionaire businessman. about 880 delegates will be awarded on super tuesday. the race which is about a third required for the nomination. hillary clinton has been campaigning in massachusetts. she is running the race with 543 delegates and sp expected to win in most states. her opponent bernie sanders has been campaigning in minneapolis.
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texas is the biggest prize. the key issue there immigration. most of the remaining republican hopefuls have called for the undocumented migrants to be deported. >> reporter: in a school hall here learning how to become an american. many here are undocumented migrants. this woman has lived under the radar in the u.s. for 50 years. she now wants to become a citiz citizen. she wants to learn the language on the crucial issue of immigration. >> because it is for my family. there is go to work and it is scary that they don't come back to home again. so i'm sorry, but my emotion is
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because i'm mexican, but there's no mexican in me. >> reporter: donald trump wants to build a wall and kick out all the illegal immigrants. that's 11 million people. other candidates are taking a similar ard line. after the last election campaign the government said we needed to do more to attract the votes. many are left alienated and frightened. they're registering to vote to stop the republicans. >> we know if you are not welcoming people, then you're not going to be getting our ear about your proposals for the economy for education or anything else >> reporter: in a state like texas the issue of immigration is never far from the surface. many jobs are filled by people who have crossed the border. not many have the right to be here. that keeps labor costs low. immigrants numbers are going down and the issue hasn't gone
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away. >> our governor ran a campaign and ousted an incumbent lieutenant governor on a campaign that we need to stop the illegal invasion into texas. so there has been a shift in the past 20 years in the republican party in texas on that issue >> reporter: it is a big price on super tuesday for republicans. there are a lot of delegates at stake. echoing their feelings on immigration plays well. in november it will be an issue in the presidential election. these people have long memories and now louder voices moneys of people have been-- hundreds of people have been evacuated from their homes in peru. 30,000 people have been evacuated. the army will be sent to areas worst affected to help people clean up and then rebuild. a south korean opposition party is set to ends a national assembly debate which has broken
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the world record for the longest speech in parliament. it is called filibustering. it is being used to block a vote on an anti terrorism law. it will allow intelligence services to collect personal data. it violates privileges right and could be used to unfairly crackdown on political dissent. >> reporter: seems that the chairman of the opposition party has over ruled the arguments of others including the floor leader of the party who wanted to keep it going longer, worried perhaps about a backlash in the public at large as the business of the national assembly is seized up by this one ooish when there is more important business to be done. there is an election coming up on april 13, agreement on redrawing some of the electoral boundaries that needs to go through the national assembly before that happens, also a rick in addition that the attempt to
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delay this legislation which the opposition party is so against is designed for ee ventual defeat. they're against this bill because it gives too much power to an organization which they intensely distrust which is the national intelligence service. it gives power, it would give power no them simply to label somebody as suspected of terrorist activities and then they would be allowed to wire tap phones, gain access to panic records and the opposition party says that is too much power on too vaguely worded provision. so far as the government and national intelligence service is concerned we're in the aftermath of a north korean nuclear test and rocket launch. this will go through it seems but the opposition parties have a lot of time to at least make its point and argument to the people as they have watched these proceedings on the national assembly television and
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there's so much coverage have has given to this proposal a vote to u.n. vote in relation to the rocket launch and sanctions. much more on al jazeera dolt compass pass >> this week on "talk to al jazeera" -- artist, author and reporter molly crabapple. >> what i think my art brought to my journalism is that i didn't come to journalism with the sort of bias towards faux objectivity... i deeply believe in having an extreme bias towards reality. >> in her youth, she traveled europe and the near east, and worked as a nude model and danced burlesque. >> so much of women, so much of what our virtue is supposed to consist of is maintaining this sort of, like, pearly, innocent