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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 7, 2016 11:00am-11:31am EST

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>> one in, one out. the e.u. could admit a syrian refugee from turkey for every syrian that is sent back from greece. good to have your company. i'm david foster. live from london. also coming up in the next 30 minutes we report on 45 people killed in a shootout involving tunisian security forces and unidentified gunmen on the border with libya. report on better battle for compensation over the malaysian
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airline tears one family apart. dancing to a very different rhythm in cuba, the first u.s. band to perform in havana since the renewal of diplomatic ties with washington. >> well, the e.u. leaders are talking about proposals with turkey aimed at curbing the flow with refugees with europe by the avian sea. they will take tougher actions and leaving it short and to take back those whose asylum claims are rejected. blessels has offered $3.3 billion of the aid to provide for those staying in turkey. there are a million averages by both, most of them crossing from turkey to greece. but turkey is home to 3 million refugees the vast majority of them from syria. jonah hull from bruce he wills the talk is that turkey is
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saying we'll do this if you give us more money. and the european union is saying hang on. this is what we really want from you. >> yes, a turkish bizarr bizarre is what it has been called. after everyone came in to this summit in the mourn, apparently thinking that a deal had been struck in the days proceeding this summit. it was all written up in the draft communique, david. now everyone up in the air. the turks apparently have put a new proposal down, saying that all the economic migrants who have been returned from countries in europe to greece in pooling what looks like the makings of a humanitarian disaster and including all the ones, the new arrivals into greece, those who don't satisfy
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now. now very stringent asly almost requirements. the turk also take them back and repatriate them to their countries of origin, but they're demanding a far higher price. they want more than the $3.3 billion already on the table pledged in november, which incidentally they're annoyed it has not even been paid yet. they want more and quicker access to e.u. visas for turkish visits. they wan want a resettlement plan. they want e.u. help in taking in a syrian refugee who are sitting in the hundreds of thousands in turkish camps. so that's what has been talked about. it's going to be incredibly difficult for this group of 28 leaders of the e.u. to come up with a common decision on these turkish demands if for no other reason than of course the turkey has been in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, shutting
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down it's biggest international newspapers. i think it's going to be a very long night in what they thought was going to be a quick and successful commit point to the end of this refugee crisis. now it's far more complicated. >> jonah, thank you very much, indeed. jonah hull in brussels talking about the 30,000 refugees currently stranded in greece, a major humanitarian crisis unfolding at the border crossing. they're talking about wintery warm skies there in brussels with a different picture in more ways than one where you are. >> well, certainly it is actually now a very miserable weather that probably would reflect the miserable mood among the nearly 14,000 people who are stranded here, some for as long as two to three weeks. i'm just going to show you behind me now it's raining quite
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heavily. we've heard thunder. people are covering their tents. water seems in all the time. since this morning people are asking us do you have any news about brussels. have we heard anything. people are petrified that they will come back to turkey. also whether the restrictions at restrictions are used on a daily base. the living conditions are becoming worse and worse. mohammed is in turkey. on a stretch of the coast where hundreds of thousands of people
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have left turkey to get to greece. and the european union saying we're quite happy to give though money. we may argue about how much. but you, turkey, have to cut down on the number of people who are leaving your sur sure shore--your shores as well. is there any sign that this is happening? >> in the last few days turkey has said they have increased their measures to cut down on the stem of the tide of refugees leaving turkey in the last couple of days over the weekend. they cited an excitement by which they stopped two people smugglers and stopped 120 syrian syrians from crossing from turkey into greece. but that's just a drop in the bucket. that's a very small number. it's a near impossibility for turkey unless they really invest heavily in trying to ensure that there are more patrols by the coast guard. that's something that will take a lot of resources. it will take a lot of money.
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that's why turkey is insisting on getting more money from the e.u. more funds. but the e.u. is going to want to see that turkey is investing these funds in the best possible way. that they're making it easier for the refugee who is are either in turkey or who have returned to turkey that they can live here in an easier fashion. the turks have said that they will insure that these refugees get better access to housing and health and education, that these are priorities that the money will be earmarked for. but again, that's going to be tough to do because there are so many refugees here. turkey has taken in the most number of syrian refugees since the crisis began. 2.7million syrian refugees in turkey alone. the highest number of refugees in any country that has taken in refugees since the refugee crisis began. now, here this is one of the main points that refugee also try to cross every day, thousands of them every day, and it's going to take a lot of
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effort for the turks to insure that this tide really stops and can stop as quickly as possible to try to make the e.u. happy in this negotiation that's going on. >> good to see you, mohammed, he mentioned how many millions turkey has taken in. more than a million have gone from there across to turkey. the majority of them from syria. that's just in one year last year. angela merkel, the german chancellor, has seen her popularity at home begin to lower. >> the late winter sun has brought out the customers. this part of berlin is in the political center ground where the main parties vie for top spot. the opinion polls suggest that angela merkel's popularity is waning. but what do people here make of they are policies? >> i'm surprised by the course
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of the government. they're known for being conservative, so i was pleasantly surprised by the humanity. >> the chancellor has lost my support by 100%. i used to be a real fan. in this instance she has totally gone in the wrong direction. >> the problem for angela america and her christian democrats is that views like those are increasingly common in germany with several key regional elections taking place in the next few weeks, some of her senior parliamentary colleagues are becoming increasingly concerned. >> an influential and outspoken member of the city. he said that he has been receiving more and more letters from constituents about the refugee policy. >> we are seeing that one country after another is closing down around us as long as we keep our current practice, the other countries say if germany is happy to take them why should we take them on? >> and on the international stage angela merkel's position is increasingly questioned.
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in the recent refugee crisis meeting in vienna, the austrian hosts did not even invite the german government. where she said these countries should not close their borders to refugees they disagree, but she is defiant. >> those who need protection and seek it out should get it. despite all critical polls more than 90% of the german population say those who flee from terror, war or persecution should be protected. i think that is wonderful. >> but whether people agree back at the market and elsewhere is another question. dominic kane, al jazeera, berlin. >> and the very latest wrapping all of that up at the moment regarding those talks in brussels between the european union and turkey according to the head of the european union parliament, turkey is asking for another $3 billion euros.
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another $3 billion euros on top of the three billion it has already been promised. we'll report on that a little bit later. with news coming out of north africa that 45 people have been killed in a gun battle between one armed group and security forces in the tunisian border town. it is thought the fighters entered tunisia through libya and targeted an army barracks using rocket-propelled grenades. they managed to repel the attack and arresting seven more. this is according to a tunisian defense ministry spokesman. there is a curfew in place. >> at the moment it is deserted. many people have been told to stay home. now the security forces here set
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up check points like this one behind me. just beyond this particular check points. we have been told that is an armed fighter, someone who helped to carry out this attack. we understand that it was extremely organized. some reports are saying possibly dozens of armed member carrying out the attack on the army barracks close to where i am right now as well as the national guard. we understand that they also spread out in various neighborhoods of bengahzi and local witnesses have told us what they've seen. there were armed clashes. things seem to be calm right now but there is a big question where are these armed fighters, and also is the border area where they were close to libya's border, is it safe. we don't know whether these men were actually already in tunisia or if they infiltrated the border. but they have built a wall, a fence along the border they say to prevent arms trafficking and
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fighters were moving in and out, but it does seem that fighters as well as arms are able to infiltrate the border coming here into tunisia. >> you're watching al jazeera coming up in just a moment. nuclear testing grounds in more than a decade. one tiny specific country taking the world's nuclear powers to court. and the simple answer to a high altitude problem. helping to prove the lives of hundred of bolivians. >> i lived that character. >> we will be able to see change.
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>> hello again, good to have you
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with us here on al jazeera. timing to through the global headlines. turkey is asking european countries for an extra $3 billion to deal with the refugee crisis on top 3rd $.3 billion euros the european leaders have already offered. discussing the proposal from turkey aimed at curbing the refugees in in europe by the aegean sea. more than 30,000 refugees trying to reach the e.u. from turkey currently stranded in greece with the humanitarian crisis unfolding at the border crossing. and 45 people have been killed in a gun battle between the armed group and security forces. a group which is linked to pakistan's taliban says it carried out a sued bomb attack which left 13 people dead among them children. police say the suicide-bomber had explosives trapped to its chest and detonated in the
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town. 126 were hurt and factions say it was in retaliation for the execution last week of a man convicted of killing a provincial governor. thousands of palestinians teachers have been holding a sit in near the prime minister's office in ramallah demanding a pay rise after being on strike for nearly a month. million of students have been out of school because of this walk out. >> well, a big crowd over palestinian teachers did manage to gather here in the center of ramallah. that is despite reports that many were turned back at check points in different parts of the occupied west bank by palestinian security forces. the teachers are angry because they say that there haven't been a pay raise for years. some are getting by or are trying to get by on 500 u.s. dollars a month. they have second jobs to make ends meet. some say they have to rely on
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charity handouts. >> if my two girls rely on me, they hardly get any new clothes. our neighbors give us hand me downs. they say that this is our teacher's daughters. this is a definition of bitterness. >> there were talks between a temporary committee representing the striking teachers and politicians. but the government was not involved. it says that it will only deal with the official teachers union, but many of the striking teachers reject that union saying that it's far too close to the palestinian authorities. the head of the union has accused some of those mobilizing these protests of being politically manipulated by different parties. but many people we've spoken to say that they're not interested in politics. they just want to get a decent living wage. what is clear that this is the largest grassroots mobilization of palestinians for a long time. >> deadlines have been reached
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through the relatives of those ungord the missing malaysian airline flight 370 to file compensation claims. theall those on board vanished two years ago, taking off from kuala lumpur pe and never arriving at their destination. what has happened has been taking its toll, as you can understand, on some families. we report from the north of china. >> the world's greatest aviation mystery has touched so many communities. rich and poor. the village in this province is one of them. encouraging local men to apply for construction jobs in southeast asia. that's what this man did. he was one of the 154 chinese passengers on flight mh 370. last march on the first anniversary of the jet's disappearance his younger
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brother told me that he believed the plane had been hijacked. he still thinks that today. >> this has had a huge impact on our family. this is endless torture and pain. we'll remain in this bitter pain as long as the truth is not discovered. >> a year ago we also met his missing brother's wife and their young son. the family home was adorned with happy members. but lu-ling has since left the house after a row with her inlaws over the airline's initial compensation offer. the result is her child is now the pawn in the family feud over money. >> she wanted to accept the compensation but my parents did not want to. so she took the son away and did not let my parents visit. unless they gave her money. so we grabbed the son back. >> this means his sister-in-law could now end up with nothing. time has almost run out.
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the deadline for families to file a claim against malaysian airlines is march 8th, two years since the plane disappeared. now on the eve of this anniversary this family has finally launched a claim seeking compensations of nearly $1 million. multiple lawsuits have been filed in australian, malaysian, and u.s. courts, but the campaign to compensation is taking its toll on already broken families who may also never know the real cause of their grief. adrian brown, al jazeera, northern china. >> north korea has said it could launch nuclear strikes against south korea and the u.s. in reaction to those countries joint military drills. the annual exercise will include 300,000 south koreans and 17,000 u.s. troops. the drill will last until the end of april as an excuse of holding invasion rehearsals while tensions have heightened
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in north korea's nuclear test in january and the launch of a missile in february. the tiny marshall islands in the pacific are taking on the world's nuclear powers in an unprecedented legal case. they say their lives were ruined by dozens of nuclear tests and arguing that the state's possessing nuclear weapons have failed legal obligations on disarmament. here is laurence lee. >> people pay a lot of money to go on holidays to places like this. but in decades gone by the world's nuclear powers use these beautiful atolls to test their capacity for global destruction. >> the united states government now wants to turn this great destructive power into something for the benefit of mankind. >> for one, the u.s. went to these islands to try to persuade the locals that their nuclear tests would be for the greater good. in the 12 years to 1958 there
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were 67 nuclear tests along the chain of islands. the marshall islanders for generations past and present have suffered the effects. >> i can just go down the list of my wife's family. i mean, you don't even have to go very far and almost every marshall islander can do this. my wife's mother died of cancer. my wife's uncle died from thyroid cancer. >> marshall islands versus ind india. >> now it's international court in the hague has to decide if they have to answer to the islanders. they brought a case against the three nuclear powers which recognized the icc that's the u.k. india and pakistan on the argument that they breached a legal duty to disarm. similar logic is being used against six other nations the u.s. russia, and china. essentially what the marsha marshalese are asking what have they been currently doing and for decades, is that good faith implementation of their
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disarmment. in this country, the united kingdom there are plans for decades to come. there is really very little if any willingness of these states to participate in multi lateral disarmment negotiations? is that good faith? >> when they've done to lobby the u.s. congress about their illnesses they can't get anybody to listen to them. in this david against goliath case do the nuclear powers believe they really have a case to answer. in india, for one, it seems apparently not. >> if you're going to establish in what india and pakistan are doing, what india and pakistan is doing will hurt them. >> nowadays the marshall islands have other things to worry about, too. rising sea levels and climate change are threatening their entire existence. whether or not they think they have a chance of winning their
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case in the halleluja haig is hard to argue that they haven't suffered enough from the world's largest countries. >> high tech has been paying tribute to the inventor of e-mail. ray tomlinson was 74, considered great having discover perso person-to-person messaging. he was going into the internet hall of fame in 2012. doctors' prevention providing an inexpensive way of dealing with congenital heart conditions. daniel reports from lapaz. >> lisette was a sufferer, difficulty in breathing and not gaining weight. thher lungs failed to close up
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when she was born. >> after the separation everything was better. i eat better. it's easier to walk up the hills, up the stairs. >> it's a problem more common with altitude and lapaz is 4,000 meters above sea level. maria was another sufferer. >> two months after the operation everything was better. i could breathe more easily and do many things i couldn't do before. >> the solution is simple. a stint made with flexible alloy is inserted with a catheter via a vein or artery. it resumes its original shape to plug the hole in the heart. with the local anesthetic. the procedure lasts a half hour. >> as soon as we're happy that the di positivers are in the correct place we simply pull out the wire. >> developing the procedure as a young doctor using sheep.
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the sturdy stints of various sizes are sewn by specially trained women. no soldering or loose wires. >> it retains the shape we want it to be. >> the solution to big problems can be very small and very simple. these tiny things can block holes in the heart. the hospital has treated more than 500 bolivian patients and 50,000 from around the world. the doctor has received international awards and his product is stopped by a german company. >> there are large number of people who suffer this problem who don't have the money. we need to be certain that this technology reaches all the
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children, not just some of them. >> thbolivian authorities are not investing more in health. al jazeera, la paz, bolivia. >> there was a turn out to see the first american band perform i there since the u.s. and cuba sorted out their diplomatic problems last year. they call it their most important performance ever. lucia knew man wa--newman was there. >> another sign of the changing times. [ cheering ] it was billed in the
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intersection. in order to facilitate anti-american protests right in the face of diplomatic missions this is the furtherist thing from the minds of these young people today. there is a new president both here and in the united states, an and an extremely young find this music are taking the center stage. >> i've come to the anti-imperial fighist fight. i simply love electronic music. >> this is something we've been waiting for for a long time. and thank goodness they've come. >> i've come here. >> all this in less than ten days before president barack obama comes to communist cuba for a historic visit symbols that children especially the young ones who had not been born
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at the height of the cold war will see this as the norm and not the exception. >> for all the headlines. and a great deal behind the headlines. >> if you're going to talk tell the whole story. >> let me tell my story. you tell yours. >> i will. >> face-to-face the democrats swea square off in a fiery debate. and remembering nancy reagan, the nation mourns the nation's first lady. unleashing more threats, vowing to launch nuclear strikes as the nation holds joint military drills.