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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 18, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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as millions of syrians are stuck in limbo, talks in geneva enter a fifth day. also coming up on the program, a defiant north korea launches missiles into the sea and south korea says it's ready to respond if need be. e.u. and turkish leaders prepare for a second day of talks with hopes of a deal on the refugee crisis. chaos in brazil. anti-government protesters return to the streets after a controversial appointment by the
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president dilma rousseff. so to the conflict is syria. we entering a fifth day of talks. the u.n. special envoy says the distance between the syrian government and the opposition is large, he will spend the day meeting with both sides separately and has indicated their agreement on one objective, which is keeping syria together. let's get the latest from jails bays who is following the day's talks in geneva. day five, where are we at? >> reporter: i think we're at a point where the syria government said is coming up some krbl pressure on a number of issue. one moment is detainees. the vast number of prisoners being held by the government and staffan de mistura says he needs
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to see them released. also the u.n. making clear it is six areas they've not been allowed goat to. all of those areas are besieged by the government side. they're under pressure on that. then they're under pressure on what mr staffan de mistura has called the mother of all issues in these talks and that's the issue of political transition. mr staffan de mistura has now had two meetings with the government side and two with the opposition. he says the opposition are being constructive. they've come up with proposals for political transition. the government, they've only talked about procedure for these talks, not the actual substance. mr staffan de mistura when show spoke to reporters last night laid down the gauntlet to the government. >> we have had two meetings and they were rather procedural, rather procedural. there was one paper that you are familiar with, eight points of principle, but when we need to do is starting talking about
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political transition and what the government as such sees as a possible political transmission. we are not talking about new agendas. the agenda is clear. >> reporter: staffan de mistura laying out the key issue that must be discussed that the government hasn't discussed until now. that's what he was spoking about 14 hours ago at the end of his meeting with the opposition. that meeting with the government starts in about 25 minutes time. i think we're getting to the important key issues here because political transition gets to the thing that has divided the sides, the future role of bashar al-assad the lives of refugees living on the syrian turkish border have been made more difficult with the huge rainstorm flooding in a number of camps. these pictures show the situation that the refugees are dealing with. most tents have saturated and
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wood used to burn is completely damp. the flood has muddied their water supply. the european unit summit enters the second day of talks over the refugee crisis. member states have come to an agreement to offer refugees, to take them back in exchange for increased aid funding. while the e.u. leaders have not released details of the deal, they will have, here is what is discussed. the most electron voluntary versal-- for each migrant returned one syrian asylum seem seeker will be resettled in the e.u. turkey has asked for the doubled amount of aid to 6.7 billion.
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turkey wants visa free travel. it also wants negotiations for its own membership of the e.u. to be restarted. angela merkel commented on the need for refugees' rights to be recognised in the deal. >> translation: in order to make this possible, which turkey wants, to put in place very quickly, they've made a few basic preparations and ground work to make it possible. according to the international standards for refugees some in turkey a vehicle loaded with explosives has been found near a government building. security sources say the bombs have now been disabled. turkey has been on edge following months of bomb attacks, mostly targeting the government and military. the lastest was on sunday killing 38 people. t a.k. claim responsibility for that attack.
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north korea has reportedly fired two ballistic missiles. one is said to have flown 800 kilometers before hitting the sea of jap aborigine. last week it launched two short-range ballistic missiles. it comes amid heightened tension in the region. >> reporter: the reaction has been a swift as the missiles launch, especially from north korea's neighbors. south korea condemned it as another provocative act. >> translation: north korea should focus on improve north koreans' quality of life and the development of relations between us >> reporter: as with a similar launch last week, the missiles were fired into the sea between north korea and japan. unlike last week these are thought to have been medium-range missiles with at least one reaching 800
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kilometers. that brought a strong response from japan because parts of its territory could be reached by a medium range rocket. >> translation: we have strongly protested to north korea. the government will continue to work in close cooperation with international community and respond firmly. >> reporter: this latest launch further tests the patience of neighboring china. in china there's growing alarm at the instability on the peninsula and despite its influence, its ally nand continues to conduct these tests. earlier this week north korean leader confirmed his country's determination to continue missile launches and soon conduct a nuclear war head test. those threats followed a nuclear test and a long-range rocket launch earlier this year. both moves prompting increased u.n. and u.s. sanctions. the international community was
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wondering if those sanctions were deterring north korea, this launch seems to be the answer rob erlt kelly is a professor of political science and is a specialist on korean security. >> there was a major party congress and north korea is a communist state and has a communist party and is going to have a large party congress soon this spring. there hasn't been one for many decades. this is a big deal so that is why there has been so much activity in the run-up to it. also the missile program has been around for a long time. we don't want them to test it, but they keep on going until they can marie up a nuclear war head to a missile and then they will have it. i think that tensions haven't stopped the program.
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there is disappointment at how 20 years of sanctions have not prevented them. it could be worse. the new sanctions will take time it bite. i am somewhat optimistic about that. i think they expabd particularly towards north korean areas. they shut down the ability to buy things. everybody is really watching to see if china is going to lose patience with north korea any time soon. they have leverage over pyongyang, they like to tell us this isn't so, but this there is a strong consensus that china has influence over north korea. they have taken heat in the last couple of months troops have been punished for an air strike in a hospital in afghanistan. administrative sanctions have been placed for leading to the bombing.
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none of the personnel will face criminal charges. it occurred last october when the military was helping the forces to retake kunduz stale head on the program, piles of trash stretching along the streets and now lebanon's rubbish crisis is posing a health hazard for its residents. >> reporter: i'm in texas where historic flooding has led to the evacuation of hundreds of families. we will give you the very latest. latest.
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hello again. the top stories. north korea has reportedly fired two medium-range ballistic missiles into the sea. this comes days after the leader ordered weapons test for a long-range nuclear missile. south korea calls it a significant threat and japan has condemned the launch. talks on the syrian conflict are entering a fifth day in geneva. the u.n. special envoy says a divide between the government and opposition delegates are large. the turkish prime minister has arrived at the european union summit which enters a second day of talks over the refugee crisis. members will look to finalise a deal with turkey that will include taking refugees back in return for increased funding and other political stipulations. >> translation: for us, for turkey, refugee issue is an issue of value where all humanitarian values as well as european values.
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turkey has received 2.7 million refugees. we don't insignificance assistance from everywhere. i want to reemphasize that turkey will continue her policy to have these attitudes of humanitarian perspective greece has called for countries that have shut their borders to face sanctions. refugees left stranded by the closures are being urged to move to organized camps. thousands remain on the greece-macedonia border. >> reporter: this camp where 13,000 refugees are stranded. officials from the european asylum support office encourage them to register for relocation. with the borders closed the refugees are told that the only option for them is to seek asylum officially. in all eight officials engaged in this task at the camp, this is one of them. >> since october 2015 which is
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the operational date, starting date of the program on the ground, about 580 people have been relocated from here. >> reporter: hope is what makes these people trek here, hope of going further north on the refugees trail to reach a european country. it is the force that propels them like almost every refugee past camps that have been hastily ee recked. this man is losing patience. he happens been in the camp with his children for more than four weeks now. >> translation: we registered for relocation. they did an interview with us on skype but nothing came of it. all lies. a waste of time >> reporter: the chinese artist and activist has come to see it himself. he faults the program >> this doesn't really cover the
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fundamental belief these people are human. they are victimized by the war and they have wounds still bleeding and the program makes them bleeding longer >> reporter: aid workers say they too are over whelmed. they wonder why it is taking europe so long to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. >> more refugees are arriving and they're desperate and greece is struggling. we as humanitarians are stretched as well. we need to see a common european have a strategy. there is no option. >> reporter: for now the people of this camp continue to wait anxiously hoping that their situation will change. greece with all its economic problems risks turning into a refugee prison with 44,000 people's stranded here already, a number that keeps going upward every day a federal judge in brazil has blocked the controversial move by the president to appoint
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her predecessor and mentor as chief of staff. the political crisis has caused anti-government protesters to return to the streets outside the city. demonstrations have taken place in other cities over the appointment of lula da silva. they say it is an attempt to protect lula da silva from prosecution in a corruption case. for former leader dilma rousseff is held in high regard by the left wing. roous roous needs that to survive. that's why she has failed to tackle the budget deficit which stood at more than 150 billion dollars. that equivalent to 10% of gdp. gdp is expecteded to shrink by 3.5% this year after a similar drop last year. it will be marking the lowest downturn in the committee.
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it bounced slightly on the news of the judge blocking lieu's appointment. >> reporter: in was the moment president dilma rousseff hoped would pacify the country and turn things around. her popular predecessor formally appointed chief of her cabinet. it didn't last long. >> reporter: she didn't let the jeers get in the way. she called government supporters brave brazilians. >> translation: welcome, dear xhan i don't know, lula da silva-- companion. i count on the experience of him. i count on his identity. the identity that he has with this country, with the people of this country. i count on this. he is the chief of staff of the civil house. >> reporter: outside the
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presidential palace anti-government protesters clashed with lula da silva supporters, both sides frustrated of the road the country's politics have taken. for the second day in a row thousands took to the streets in cities across the country, tired of corruption and their politicians. despite the massive protests, presidential dilma rousseff is determined to press on trying to keep the country running. she says the protests are part of a healthy democracy and she is doing what she believes is best as brazil's duly elected president. members of the lower house plan to make it difficult for her to hold on to her seat, fast-tracking proceedings against her for fiscal miss mgt. a federal judge has blocked the aappointment of lula da silva.
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the government is appealing. nothing is calming emotions here. brazil is reeling from a wide-reaching corruption investigation into the national oil company petrobras and also suffering the worst recession in decades. people are unhappy and they're determined to be heard the death toll from a yellow fever outbreak in an goal ais climbing angola-- mainly in the suburb of. luanda. the first case was reported in december there has been an outbreak of bacterial infections across lebanon. the rubbish crisis which is now in its 8th month is behind the rising rates of sickness and could lead to cancer. >> reporter: for the past few months his routine has been the
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same. first hoo organises the nine medications he has to take throughout the day and then he sprays the windows outside his apartment with insect repellant. it is part of an effort to prevent himself from getting sick again. he spent three days in hospital earlier this year with the severe case of gastro. doctors told him the stomach infection was caused by breathing in airborne germs released by the huge garbage dump. it stretches for at least a kilometer. >> translation: it's so dirty and smelly. it is like living in a graveyard. all my neighbors are suffering as well. their doors are always closed and they're sick. they never recover from their illnesses >> reporter: the trash crisis began eight months ago after the mainly landfill freechd capacity and it was closed without a replacement site being found.
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a dramatic increase in gastric and respiratory infections have been reported. many are simply burning their trash. often in residential neighborhoods like this one here. according to researchers at the university of beirut the contamination in these areas is 400 times higher than the industrial zones. during days when waste was being burnt, researchers found that the area in nearby areas contained 2300% more substances capable of causing cancer. >> it is based on this, we found that the number of people who will be prone to cancer raised from one person million to 18 people per million >> reporter: the government has promised to reopen the site and set up two sites in a bid to end
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the crisis. the country has been without a president for over two years because of political infighting. anti trash activists say the measures are not enough. they want a permanent solution. for people like this man any steps are welcome so long as the trash is taken away sometime soon in france thousands of students and union members are protesting in paris against proposed labor reforms. police used tear gas to disburse the crowd who were throwing fire crackers. it will make it easier for employers to high and fire staff and lower pay levels the families of 43 mexican missing students who disappeared in 2014 say authorities are delaying a new probe into the case. the group's lawyers says prosecutor coup cuters are
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delaying investigations. they say they can't be interviewed. >> translation: we're worried about the progress. we are worried about how slowly investigations are going and about the obstacles they are placing in front of the groups of experts as if they were wait fog for time to pass and the mandate is up and they can go. they haven't advanced at all in the investigations china is demanding an investigation into what happened to one of its ships off the argentinian coast. they shot and sunk a chinese flagged vessel that was fishing illegally in its waters. four crew members were rescued and the rest were picked up by another chinese ship. >> reporter: out on the high assess. 200 miles from the coast this vessel was shot at while trying
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to fish illegally in argentine waters. >> translation: argentina alerted the ship according to international standards. we followed it for almost a day. the ship tried to escape and hip the naval boat. that's when they started firing so that the boat would stop. >> reporter: what happened later is a matter of dispute. even though the navy says the ship sunk after it was fired upon and that the sailors were rescued, china as demanded a full investigation. he says he has doubts whether it sunk because it was fired at. >> translation: the weaponry used by the navy is not strong enough to sink a ship. we have seen that in the past some captains would rather sink the ship than be captured. >> reporter: the incident is just one of the many that have happened in the last years as fishing boats from china and other countries have tried to
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violate argentina more time borders, but the navy says this time the chinese boat tried to hit their ship and that's what makes it different. >> translation: this time the captain is being detained because the ship tried to hit our ship. in most times they're captured and sent back to china. >> reporter: that's what happened with this ship, abandoned at the port. this chinese ship was captured nine months ago. it's very similar to the one that sunk a few days ago. you can see the lights that are used to attract the squid, but also the old deteriorated conditions that many of these boats are in. authorities believe that the boats sent to fish in their waters are the cheapest in the float efleet. they cross into argentina territory in search of skid while the rest of the fleet
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waits outside. he says what is happens is piracy. >> translation: this is pircacy. they send the boat across the water and they would rather lose it than pay a fine. >> reporter: the investigation into the incident is ongoing. for many it is just another example of the consequences of illegal fishing around the worlworld large parts of the u.s. states of texas and louisianna have been evacuated because of flooding. waters have reached levels not seen in more than a century. a state of emergency has been declared in 20 counties in texas. >> reporter: rescue workers gather in the early morning fog at theage here. this is a community now entirely submerged after days of torrential rains. most of this water come from an
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over flowing reservoir but the river also burst its banks making this the most severe flooding in more than a hundred years >> i've lived through droughts, fires, two hurricanes, but this is the worse than anything that we've been through >> reporter: the only way into the community now ask by boat, but the extent of the damage and the depth of the waters is all too obvious. homes, cars andes now lay partially submerged in deep brown flood waters. it has been more than a week since the flooding began. you can see that the waters with are slowly left to recede. this is a quiet residential street now it looks more like a river. >> we're going to be here a little while so we might as well have some fun with it >> reporter: hundreds of families have been evacuated to shelters across the state.
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there have been no reported deaths or casualties. for those waiting to get back to their homes there is uncertainty >> there will be a lot of cleaning that will have to be done. it's going to be a mess. it's going to be a mess. i don't know what to expect. i'm just praying for the best >> reporter: it may be days before these waters fully recede and weeks before the full extent of the damage is now. residents here have lived through floods before and most managed to grab their most precious possessions. the clean up will be a long and ardous process a palestinian boy who survived a fire bombing by israeli settlors has met his football hero. he was greeted by some of the real madrid players, including rinaldo. his parents and baby brother were killed. palestinians have campaigned for months on social media to
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persuade him to meet him. don't forget you can follow all the news we've been covering here on al jazeera, and that's at, as well as all reports of the latest up-to-date news, plenty of comment and analysis you can find there too. really close.. i miss them like i don't really going to -- i can't really be on them. >> in 2015, nearly 3,000 people were shot in chigo