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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 24, 2016 2:00pm-3:01pm EDT

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continues next live from london. this is al jazeera. hello i am lauren taylor. this is the news hour live from london. coming up. guilty of genocide a u.n. court sentences former bosnian serb leader to 40 years prison. pushing back isil syrian forces fight their way to the gates. ancient city of palmyra. police are seeking a second suspect in the brussels metro bombing. the race against time to save indonesia's orangutans.
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and in sport the world of football remembers one of the games all-time greats. the dutch legend who helped change the way football has played as died at the age of 68. ♪ ♪ the former bosnian serb leader has been given a 40-year jail sentence after being found guilty of genocide during the bull cans war. he was acquitted of one count of genocide against bosnian mays limbs and bosnian crow ave avesn 1992. but was convicted for another in which 8,000 men and boys were killed. he was also found guilty of crimes against humanity during the siege of sarajevo the judge said he was possible for murder, and hostage taking. his war crimes including holding thousands in detention camps in
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appalling conditions. here is how the judge delivered his verdict. >> the chamber find that murder, extermination and persecution were foreseeable to the accused. the underlying acts of persecution which are foreseeable, were cruel treatment, forcible labor. labor at the front lines, the use of nonner is,s at human shields or the appropriation of property and the wanton destruction of private property. including cultural and sacred sites. >> emma hayward is at the hague and joins us live. so what happened in the courtroom? >> reporter: it was very tense in the courtroom. of course this, today, came after years and years of searching for him, and then the trial began whack in 2009 and this was a man who was on the run for more than a decade. but in the end, the judge said that -- they convicted him of 10
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out of 11 count, including one count of genocide. one count of genocide he was acquitted. and it was a mixture of calm and tension. because this has felt like a long time coming from this court. remember he was indicted by the court soon after it was set up 23 years ago. he, though, gave nothing away when that verdict was read out. remaininremain impassive throug. >> what happens now? >> reporter: well, he will appeal. his lawyer said that he will appeal. but we think both sides will appeal, lauren. because, yes, he has a sentence of 40 years, eight of those years he's already served, of course. and for many of the victims' families who came here today they said to us that that 40 years simply wasn't enough for the crimes that he committed. they say he should have got a lot more. many of them have come from bosnia to be here, to be part of that verdict. and see the man that they believe was responsible for the deaths of their families.
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to face that justice which he did today. >> what about the tribunal itself as you say it took a long time to get to this point. are there any criticisms about this way this operates? >> reporter: yes, there are, lauren. particularly from republic of [ inaudible ] which say select justice has been handed out time and time again by this court and too often, bosnian serbs have been targeted are that relation to that war more than 20 years ago. but, remember, the court here should have ended back in 2014. there are now just a few cases to hear in the coming months. but then the court should eventually close. >> emma hayward live at the hague for us, thank you very much indeed. survivors speaking at the hague say they are disappointed with the sentence. >> translator: genocide didn't happen only there, but across all of bosnia. as well aspers cushion, suffering and everything we lived through.
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>> translator: for me as a victim of genocide i am afraid this is some political game. but i still believe in this court's prosecutors. probably they'll prepare some more evidence for the appeal process. so we hope to be satisfied at the very end. >> translator: this brought me back to the past. everything that we went through. they threw in the water. i don't know what will happen to this world. if you can't stop this criminal, get ready for all the others. al jazeera joins us now. tell us what people have been saying to you there? >> reporter: news from the hague today has been met with calm, composure, but also with a lot of disappointment here. disappointment when it comes to the length of prison sentence. people from here believe that 40 years for him is just not
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enough. they expected that he will be responsible for genocide here. genocide is already illegal fact, i.c.c. and other cases decided and classified war crimes here as a genocide. for they expected that. but 40 years was a huge disappointment. people -- doss knee ans from here have been waiting for 21 years for today's sentencing. some fold m told me they waitedo long that full justice here will never be served. why is that so? first of all i have to say that we are here in memorial where more than 6,300 people victims of genocide here are already buried and that number is not final. so a lot of families are still
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searching for at least one bone of their family members so for them there is just a piece of justice. besides that some 3,000 bosnians decided to return here to start a new life here and today they have to live with the fact that serb neighbors, ethnic serb neighbors and the government here blue him as a war hero. because all of that, bosnians from the republic of serb ca. believe the verdict a will not nothing in bosnia and hertz go convenient a. they have told me people from all over the country have to accept what happened during the war in bosnia herzegovina, only then they say can they live in peace. >> thank you very much indeed. coming up on this news hour, iraqi tops backed by u.s.-led
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aircraft begin their long-awaited offensive to take back mosul. video emerges which appears to show an israeli soldier shooting dead an incapacitated palestinian attacker. in sports, south korea stays on course for world cup qualification. the u.n. special envoy for syria says the month after long ceasefire has saved 10,000 lives. he's aiming no a second round to begin on april 9th. our diplomat i go editor james bays is following aunt developments, joining us live from geneva in a way what he was talking about today was keeping the momentum and he had didding to the next stage successfully, wasn't he? >> reporter: yes, absolutely. he want to keep this process alive one of the reasons is that cessation of hospital tilts which is nearly now up to the
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one-month being mark. and a is he said in the news conference 3,000 lives saved. the fact that it's going is helping people. the process in terms of the talks here is not make agent love progression on the key issue. that's because the government side when they came here want today first talk about the agenda and then talk about broad principles. in order to get around that, he's now produced his own, what the u.n. call a nonpaper on principles, incorporated some of what the government said but putting in there the key issue of political transition. and i think his plan is that if he puts now that out there, he can put principles to one side and then deal with political transition. this is how the special envoy explained it. >> first of all, a feeling that we have been able to overcome these two weeks without any walkouts, any drama, and
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potentially a paper that has been not refused by either side on what could be an understanding of principles which then means next time we take the principle aside and look now on the political process. >> james, a nominal date for the next round of talks, but he's not holding anyone to a particular day, is he? >> reporter: no. and there is a reason for this. he's choosing the nine in bet 9r 10th of next month but saying if people wouldn't to come later that's fine. and the syrian government will come laters because there are elections which the opposition doesn't respect saying there have been no free and fair lexes in 40 years, but they are taking place some days after that date so i think the syrian government will turn up probably about the 15th so a rolling start to the next round of talks which is what we have pretty much in some of the recent rounds.
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with no everyone turning up on time for the start of the hawks. mr. de mistura very key next time they get down to the substantive issue of political transition, an interim government for syria. now, the problem there is the assad regime don't like that idea, don't want to talk about it and that's why the meeting is going on in in moscow between the u.s. second of state and russian leadership. president putin and foreign minister lavrov. is so important because they are hoping de de mistura will give the russians a push. >> as james just said john kerry is in russia. his visit comes as a the sear general opposition says there is no hope of peace in syria without russian leverage on the government. both kerry and putina praised their countries helping to bring
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about the end to hostilities. kerry met his russian counterpart sergei lavrov and called for unity in the fight against isil saying the attacks in brussels. forcing their way for palma roo. isil fighters took it in may last year and its recapture would be a significant victory for president assad's forces. mohamed jamjoon reports. >> reporter: the pictures broadcast on syrian state television are said to show a significant advance. syrian government troops fighting to retake historic palmyra from isil. state media also showed war plainplanes and helicopters helg overhead as soldier soldiers apd on the ground. fighting continued outside the city on thursday after the syrian army moved to the city
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outskirts on wednesday. isil captured the city which includes a unesco world heritage site last may and began a campaign of mass executions and destroying an she want sites. strategically situated between duh mass russ and dare sewer, the location makes it an extremely important one for the syrian armed forces and its allies. while russia recently withdrew most of its source forces from syria. the government of president bashar al-assad has recently made advances in rebel-held territory. the current offensive coincide with talks in geneva between syria's government and the main opposition group as the u.n. attempts to negotiate a political solution to the civil war. while a ceasefire between government forces and opposition rebel factions has significant arsignificantlyreduced violence. the cessation exclude al-nusra front and isil. isil which has taken over wide swaths of territory in both
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syria and neighboring iraq now find itself under increasing attacks under two front as both countries commit more troops to a fight each has vowed to win. mohamed jamjoon, al jazeera. iraqi mill theory says its troops have begun their long-awaited offensive against isil in mosul. part of a wider plan to retake the area. iraqi troops have been gather where they have been working to cut isil supply lines it's thought to be the first phase of the military operation to retake mosul which fell to isil in june 2014. let's talk more about this with military analyst mike lyons a former u.s. army major joining us from new york. thank you very much for being with us. so this push against isil not just over mosul but also with palmyra. what do you make of it? >> it's important on two front. first, it establishes legitimacy by the syrian government in order to take back a city that it lost about a year ago. and the second key there is the
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fact that the russian government continues to help with airstrikes. they decided probably to take that city because they could. it was on the outskirts, the eastern part, knowing that it has symbolic importance as well. and if they are successful there, it's a given then the kind of momentum that will take them throughout the rest of syria. >> where would the next target be, do you think? >> well, the next logical place for them is rock what, which is the head of command and control of isis. it might be a big nut to try to crack but if they have the momentum and success on the ground from palmyra, gentlemen just have to turn their tanks and go to the north and to the west. it would a significant blow to isis and help reestablish the syrian boarder and gives that is assad government that legitimacy it's so desperately trying to get back. >> what about the connection between what's happening on the
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ground and the sort of fallout if you like aura at in europe and other places? mine, in the past isil was more concerned about getting that ground, now it's starting to lose t could we have an effect where actually there end up being more attacks in europe? is that possible? >> well, i think they are disconnected from a strategic perspective. this is a tactical mission taking place on the ground right now from the syrian government's perspective. but isis recognizes if they lose ground in the caliphate contracts there on the ground they lose legitimacy with their followers, they have to rely on the exportation of this ideology, hope that individuals that they had trained and sent back to europe will start implementing some of their techniques. but, again, if they start to lose this ground, for example, if rack what is lost, that's a very big blow to the caliphate and hurts their legitimacy which is why sear gentleman is so focused on tick tackle fight to
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reestablish this border. >> people don't like joining a losing side so do you think that might have an effect? >> that's one of the effects, but they, because of their immediate press, social media and their reach, they can now go to other places where they will be perceived to be less friction ago, northern africa, for example, i wouldn't be surprised if you saw that if raqqawa was lost a reestablishment of some caliphate in northern africa, libya, for example, some other place that keeps their legitimacy. clearly they are use losing ground both inside syria and iraq in what are really two theaters of operation. there is no real coordinated effort. the iraqi government is focused on ira and they look like they are about to divide and con der in no locations. >> mike lyons, thank you for
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talking to us indeed. appreciate it. >> thank you. belgian authorities are reported to be seeking a second suspect. said to show a man with a large man in cctv. that person may now be on the run, the main paris attack suspect has said he will no longer fight extradition from belgium to france and wants to be sent there as soon as possible. the belgian media is reported that he had been planning a shooting bomb attack in brussels when he was was arrested. e.u. justice and interior ministers are holding an emergency meeting. from there, ball brennan reports. >> reporter: how many attackers were involved in the brussels bombings? cctv pictures showed three at the airport. two are known to be dead. one on the run. but belgian state media now says there may have been two people involved in the blast at the
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railway station, a suicide bomber and another man who may still be at large. and as the man hunt widens, syriserious questions are being asked of pair port services. the background bomb -- the bomber's background should have range alarm bells. he was involved in a violent armed rob any a money station. in september 2010, he was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. but in october 2014, he was released on parole. and subsequently absconded. the first indication of isil affiliation came in june 2015 when he was arrested in turkey, apparently on route to syria. a month later, he agreed to be voluntarily deported back to the netherlands. turkey says it warned both the dutch and belgian authorities that he posed a serious danger. >> what seems to appear from the
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investigation, what from what has happened, is that we have underestimated the role or the intentions of a number of individuals. that's one thing. and the other thing is we have probably underestimated the scope of the cell that was involved in the paris attacks in the first place. and then subsequently in the brussels attacks. >> reporter: more survivors are starting to speak. many suffered severe burns. fanny was at the airport when her world was turned upside down. >> translator: there was an enormous noise like it was the end of the world in one second. and i found myself on the floor and there was ash everywhere and it was all gray. i found myself covered in brown stuff, it stank of burning flesh. then i got up and left as quickly as i could. >> reporter: fanny's experience is that of dozens of others, also caught up in the explosions.
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in another strand of this investigation, the paris attacker lawyer ran a gowned less of cameras outside the justice on thursday. the alleged 10th bomber from the paris attacks did not appear in person but notified the court that he won't oppose extradition to paris. >> because i think this is the most important part of the file and i think think his explanation he has to give them there not in belgium. >> reporter: there have been more memorial saver moan is a service outside the parliament the country's king and queen paid their respect and present aid wreath of now, he a number lick thepublicmemorial outside k exchange. one minute of silence here has developed in to more than five minutes of silent reflection now. the public opinion here in brussels is also changing from the initial grief and shock to anger at the apparent failings of the police and the
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intelligence services. belgium's interior minister and justice minister have both offered to resign their positions. their resignations were refused by the prime minister. but the chorus of criticism is not going away. paul brennan, al jazeera, brussels. dominic kane is live for us in brussels. tell us what is happening with the airport. >> reporter: well,, lauren, the airport will remain closed until at least monday of next week given the scale of damage to the airport from the blasts that happened on tuesday, the twin blasts there. it's no surprise to many people that that has been taking place. clearly the investigators will be going through what is left of that part of the airport, where the explosions happened trying to get what remaining physical evidence they can find there to bring to bear on their investigations given the fact that we know that one person from the cctv image from the
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airport fled the scene, whose explosive device was not detonated in the way they had planned and so fled the scene. it's worth making the point about the amount of traffic that the airport would normally see on a given day. that perhaps 650 passengers flights would land and take off at the airport. so clearly the confusion, the chaos of this will cause for the airport to be close today so long will have a disruptive effect on the transport system here. which has been disrupted considerably this part week with stations being closed, yes, the metro is now reopened, but, of course, the point to be made is that the security operation in place has made travel that big more difficult. we have seen the lines of people queuing outside main metro stations being frisked by security personnel, have their luggage open to check that nothing untwo toward is inside. the clearly the closure of the airport for such a prolonged period of time will have an effect. >> the security ministers have been meeting has anything come
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out of that? >> reporter: well, it wrapped up a while ago. one of the main theories one of the main ideas that we understand was being put forward was by the german government, by the interior minister of germany, looking for perhaps some sort of registration scheme to be introduced inside the zone in europe. whereby entry and exits could be registered. so the theory being that in that way, perhaps it would be easier for intelligence services from government to his track individuals perhaps individuals of note who are known to police who might be a risk. now, of course, the question will be, what effect that might -- such a scheme might have had regarding the situation here in brussels. we know, for example, about one of the brothers being deported from turkey. we heard president erdogan say that the suspect, this suicide bomber had been deported from turk toyota netherlands. somehow a found his way to belgian. so would such a scheme being
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proposed by the germans make a difference to this sort of thing? that is the question perhaps that many people in brussels will be asking. but, of course, the main question they are asking at the moment is their city safe. and is there the possibility of more of these attacks given the fact that perhaps two suspect suicide bombers may still be at large? >> dominic kane, thank you very much indeed. just while we were talking to dominic it's been reported on the wires here that belgian has lowered the security alert level, that's according to media quoting the interior minister, we'll try to confirm that for you in a while. but the security level apparently being lowered now. charity group oxfam has warned that continuing violence and the banking crisis in yemen risked pushing millions in to famine. a ceasefire is due to come in to force on april 10th. but in the meantime fighting has continued across the country with saudi-led coalition jets shelling houthi rebel positions near the capital sanaa. they have also pushed out forces
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loyal to former president saleh from north see northeast of the. israeli soldiers say they shot and killed two pal spin vinnies that tried to stab them. footage emerges of one of the palestinians being shot as he leah apparently incapacitated on the ground. stephanie deck has more from west jerusalem. >> reporter: a 21-year-old palestinian man has been shot and lies injured on the ground. the israeli army says he and another man attempted to stab a soldier who was likely injured. other soldiers stand around then suddenly one soldier takes aim and appears to shoot the injured palestinian in the head. video recorded by the israeli human rights group will probably do little to calm an already tense situation. remember rob is a micro to him of this intense conflict where around a thousand israeli settlers live around 170,000 palestinians. the israeli army has a strong presence here and palestinians claim of constant harassment by
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the settlers. many incidents in the last six months have of unrest have taken place in had h hebron, around 40 palestinians have been shot dead after allegedly trying to stab israel is. palestinians often dispute the stabbings happened at all. videos such as this one will only strengthen the belief of many palestinians that israeli soldiers shoot to kill new york questions asked. in a statement the israeli army says it views this incident as a brave breach of army values, conduct and military operations. the soldier involved has been detained and a military investigation is underway. stephanie deckers al jazeera, west jerusalem. still to come this hour, why the number of people seeking safety in south sudan is still rising despite last year's peace deal. president obama offer to shed more light on the fate of the 10,000 victims of argentina's dirty war who are still unaccounted for. and in sport, more bad news for russian athletics. as one of their champions is set to lose their title.
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i have to do. >> suddenly heroin seems to be everywhere. >> there's no way i am willing to give up my family for a drug ever again. >> i know you all have strong opinions about the border. >> i don't believe in borders. >> our government is allowing an invasion. >> i don't really know as much as i thought i did. >> people don't just need protection, they need assistance. >> what's your message then? >> we need help now. >> oh my god... the town's out of water. >> we came up here to talk to some people who are selling fresh water... fresh water for fracking. >> we are a town that greed destroyed. >> what do we want? >> justice! >> these people have decided that today they will be
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arrested. >> i wanted to dance, and eventually i started leaving the gangs in the street alone. >> we're pushing the envelope with out science every day, we can save species. >> i'm walking you guys! >> all i wanted to see was her walk. it was amazing. >> these were emotions that i had been dreaming about for so long. >> getting to the heart of the matter. proud to tell your stories. al jazeera america. >> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is.
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>> [chanting] yes we can! >> an historic election. >> you and i, we're going to change this county, and we will change the world. >> monumental decisions. >> mr. president, there's a one and three chance of a second great depression. >> first-hand accounts from the people who were there. >> their opinion was shocking. >> the challenges. >> he said, "i am president of the united states and i can't make anything happen." >> the realities. >> he stood up and said, "that's it, i'm finished."
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the former boss me an serb leader radovan karadzic says he will appeal. he has been given a 40-year jail sentence. syrian government forces have advance today the gates of palma rah. this is as the u.n. special envoy for syria says the month-long cessation of hostilities has saved 3,000 lives. belgium has reported to have lowered the security level from maximum to one level below for the country. let's get more now on our top story in the conviction of radovan karadzic. joining me is the founder of the london-based serbian information center which is which is a group representing serrepresent serbs. what's your reaction to todd? >> in 1992 when the conflict began it's not surprising.
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if we remember the tribunal wasn't formed under international treaty like the court. it was financed by the u.s. and all of its investigations have been run by the u.s. so it produced a verdict that the u.s. wants. >> you are saying none of the events he's been found guilty of actually happened atta all? or what are you suggest something. >> my view is a complicated three-sided war internally which could have been avoided if the u.s. had accepted the peace deal that the that was brokered instead of encouraging the bosnian president to go back on his agreement. so from then the accumulated eve until the whole is contained in the diplomatic any mistakes at the againing. >> he faced 11 separate charges, genocide, forced removal, crimes against humanity and the trial lasted eight years. a lot of evidence has been brought during that time, and he has had a chance to defends himself. some of the victims say this -- actually the sentence they saw today wasn't strong enough.
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>> you have to bear in mind this tribunal was formed by the u.s., it has been actively involved as a bombing and attacking party in this war. and it wants to be involved in future wars as well. so this is a u.s.-made owe conflict number one. [speaking at the same time] >> new york the u.s. could have tapped the conflict in march of '92. it had two weighs agreements it could have agreed to earlier. the fact that the u.s. didn't want it to stop until it was good and ready in 1995. >> one can rehearse the history over and over again. in terms of the present and where this leaves the country. is there any pass difficult given the division and the reaction to this, your view and the very strong views of the people who feel they were victims of card i ca karadzic as entourage is there any recognize still areas and moving forward in the area? >> there can only be, when all sides, including the u.s. side admit and accept their role in the events. there is enough guilt to go around for everybody, including where the forces killed so many
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civilians before 1995. and according to the general there, the commander of u.n. forces, created the horrible scenario there that then did occur in 1995. i think all sides need to know what they did wrong and accept it. and then only can we move forward in the future. >> do you accept that the court's verdict stands? cards six saykaradzic says he w? do you say there is no points of appealing if you don't agree with the court. >> this is a tribunal not a court and it has ad hoc rules which will make sure that he will note get out of jail ever. so really it's a as far as. but he ill will have to go through the motion says. he has no other choice about, you if we want truth we should look for reconciliation not to this tribunal. >> okay, thank you very much indeed for coming to talk to us, appreciate it, thank you. now, the u.n. is setting up a three-person commission to investigate alleged human rights abuses in south sudan think doing after a u.n. rights council said atrocities had been committed since the conflict began in late 2013.
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south sudan says it will cooperate with the investigation in to a edge haded gang rapes and attacks on civilians. 10s of thousands have died in south sudan's civil whatever and more than 2 million people have been displaced. many of those forced out have fled to neighboring countries, sigh dan has taken in the largest number. and as natasha reports from white nile stale, the number of people seeking safety is increasing. >> reporter: the south sudanese vote today flight from sudan in 2011 hoping to end generations of conflict and persecution. but just a few years later. thousands have returned to sudan, desperate to escape the violence in their young country. >> translator: we voted for independence to end the oppression but came here to sudan to get safety. and here we are not a refugee, we become citizens of sudan. >> reporter: the government policy is to treat south sudanese as citizens with the same rights as sudanese.
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the war in south sudan was ignited over a rift between the president and his former vice president. both sides have been accused of massacring and displacing people along tribal lines. although a peace deal was signed last august, the violence continues. eight groups estimate that since 2013, more than 130,000 people have fled to sudan's white nile stale along the border, hungry, homeless, and sick. the number of displaced keeps increasing. >> translator: in spite of the bad economic situation here, we receive people with open hearts because they are our brothers and sisters. we are put in the spotlight on on our -- we are putting the spotlight on other hugh martane vinnie partner to share in these responsibilities. >> reporter: people are streaming over the border are, many own businesses and property in south sudan. the government says they are
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returning home facing dire circumstances, forced to leave everything behind. sandy thomas and her six family members are crammed in to what was supposed to be a temporary shelter. when they speak of home they speak of the milk they used to drink from their cows and the fishing they ate from the river and having sugar on hand. they long to return to south sudan but say they can't until there is a genuine lasting peace. >> translator: i didn't expect to stay here for two years. but we are in a war and we should expect this. here we are safe. >> reporter: and here sandy also found an unexpected gift. she's adapted juma1 of the many orphan children in the displacement camps. natasha ghoneim, al jazeera, white nile state, sudan. violence has erupted between police and students in france over proposed labor reforms. protesters threw rocks and
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police responded with tear gas over possible changes to working hours, pay, and new rules that will make it easier to hire and fire staff. the government says the change is needed to help lower unemployment, which is currently above 10%. authorities in greece say no migrants have arrived on its aegean islands in the last 24 hours, it's the first day with no new arrivals since a deal between the e.u. and turkey came in to force at the weekend it's thought the halt in boat arrivals may be connected with bad weather the news comes as france's minister said hundreds of thousands were hoping to cross from libya. u.s. presiden president bara has offers declassify more documents. he made the promise after laying white roses at a memorial who what is called the dirty war. he is there for the 40th anniversary of the coup.
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top u.s. officials initially backed the right wing leader and owe bomb has become the first u.s. president to pay homage to the victims. >> today in response to a request from president ma careed continue to help the families of victim to his find some of the truth and justice they deserve, i can announce that's u.s. government will did he classify even more documents from that period, including for the first time military and intelligence records because i believe we have a responsibility to confront the past with honesty and transparency. the u.s. justice department has charged seven haquers linked to iranian government over cyber attacks that targeted the financial sector. they hit 46 financial institutions between 2011 and 2013 disabling bank sites and causing multi million dollars losses. >> this case is a reminder of seriousness of cyber threats to our national security. and these public, criminal charges represent a ground breaking step forward in addressing that threat.
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we will continues to use every tool that we have so we can attribute actions down to the country, government agent circle organization and the individuals involved and charge them. our washington cropped en kimberly halkett joins us live. so what thank you tell us about all of this. >> reporter: i can tell that you these charges leveled by the u.s. justice department, they are behind me, comes after years of painstaking police work and investigation in conjunction with the fbi. as you point out these attacks started, accord to this u.s. justice department about five years ago and were serious in nature because they did attack some pretty big names in the u.s. financial industry. of course the new york stock exchange, nasdaq, but also big banks like bank of america and chase manhattan bank as well. what the problem was for these customers as they tried to go in and access their bank accounts they were unable to do so. but even worse, according to
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this indictment is the fact that when it came time to repairing these services as a result of these attacks it costs 10s of millions of dollars for these companies to try and rectify the situation. the u.s. attorney general says these charges are honest to try to deter future attacks from occurring. >> kimberly, how likely is it these people will ever be brought before a court? >> reporter: well, that's the thing, lauren, it's pretty unlikely. so there are many questions about why these were even put forward in the first place. because it's very unlikely that the iranian government would "a", allows these people to be arrested, "b" to have them sent to the united states to face these charges. you have to ask why did the u.s. justice department even bother? the point is, accord to this fbi director james c comey, these individuals will travel and they want these individuals to be looking over their shoulder. but you have to remember in all of this, this comes just eight months after the united states signed that very his tour i can
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agreement that was negotiated between the united states and other world powers to limit iran's nuclear program, the other thing that you have to remember, too, is that it was roughly about a year ago that president obama put in place through an executive order the fact that he would impose sanctions against anyone who leveled any sort of ma lurk us cyber attacks. so what we are trying to do determine now is whether or not the united states is using these charges as an effort to try and perhaps pave the way towards putting forward economic sanctions against these individuals. >> kimberly halkett, thank you. indonesia's orangutans are on the brink of extension as their forest habitats are rapidly cut down. one italian zoologist has created a safe haven for the apes and their population is slowly growing once again. >> reporter: across indonesia forests are being raised to make way for palm oil and rubber
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plantations and these are the creatures paying the price. >> one of the mistakes people make when they are trying to connect a creature such as the orangutan it's not just a mindless animal, it's a person. >> reporter: l e.u. f cocks is a man on a mission he's one of the first people to reintroduce aids rescued orangutan in to the wild and now after failing to convince authorities to protect the forests, he's taking matters in to his own hands. >> reporter: using donations he has large tracks of land and the government to insure the forests are not bulldozed. >> what we have done is we have control and a lease of everything north of here. this is the frontline to have a functioning ecosystem in this area. >> reporter: cocks and his team have transformed these 34,000-hectares from a forming logging station in to a reserve for endangered animals. after training them to fends for themselves in the wild this is
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where they release the orangutan who his have been orphaned or kept illegally as pets. >> all 178 orangutans have gone back in to the forest here. and inhabiting this ecosystem at the moment. we are hoping to keep reintroduce to go get a base of a minimum of 200 up to 500. ultimately we hope the population expand so there are 2,000 orangutans living in a sustainable population here forever. >> reporter: now free to roam through the jungle this population of orangutans has already started breeding independently. >> an orangutan living wild is one thing, but reproducing and producing offspring in the wild that's the ultimate goal for conservation. >> reporter: on the other side of sumatra, cocks and his colleagues believe they have made a startling discovery. a new species of orangutan. it was previously thought that there were only two species, the sumatran and the borneo
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orangutan. now cocks and his team are almost certain a new species exists. in the forest. they are calling it the tapanuly. >> it's isolated and different and in a different environment. it will move in a different direction to another population. so sooner or later, evolution will dictate that it will be a new species. >> reporter: cocks works with indonesian forest rangers to help keep illegal loggers and poachers out of the forcest. fo. but in a country where countless acres have already been did he tried and palm soil a lucrative money earn are making it save fosafe for orangutan is his a never ending battle. and you can see more of that contract on "101 east." a orangutan whispering on thursday here on al jazeera.
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coming up we'll have reaction to the news that dutch football great johan has passed away. and spanning the. new zealanders vote to keep their current flag.
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♪ ♪ now here is andy with the sport. >> thank you so much. lauren. well, one of football's greatest ever players has died at the age of 68. johan cruyff white sox a brilliant forward for the meth netherlands, ey ajax and barcel.
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we look back at the life and career of a man who turned football on its head. >> reporter: it was the move that changed football. a group game between the netherlands and sweden at the 1974 world cup. a turn, the cruyff turn, and instantaneously the name of johan cruyff was known across the world. his silky football skills mimicked but he was loved in the nether land well before that tournament. the dutchman made his name atta yak a club he joined on his 10th birthday. from 1971 to 1973 he led led the club to three consecutive european cup titles. it formed part of a golden era for dutch football. cruyff would lead the netherlandss to the final of the 1974 world cup and there her beaten by west germany. total football had been born. a dynamic style of play synonymous with the dutch that involved players with interim changing roles. after the tournament cruyff
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moved to barcelona for then world record fee of $2 million. a club he would also become a treasured player for and later managed. he led them to four successive la liga titles in the early 1990s. as well as their first european cup triumph in 1992. on thursday flags were lowered outside the camel nou stadiums. >> he was a role mod follow all sports, for all sportsmen around the world, not only for football, he was always a very morally correct and honest athlete on. and off the pitch. >> reporter: but his health also suffered. cruyff was a heavy smoker before undergoing heart surgery in 1991, and he revealed last year that he was suffering from lung cancer. cruyff's family say he passed away peacefully at his home in barcelona, johan cruyff was 68. but his influence on football that has been present for decades will live on for
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sometimes to come. well, edwin vander czar is the most capped player in dutch sift, the former ajax and manchester united keeper says cruyff will be remember today more than just his efforts on the pitch. >> out the things that he did. he came back as at coach, as a manager. also barcelona the first champions look that he won. what he did for the whole footballing world. and not only football, he also has a foundation, he was -- did good things for under privileged children or people with handicap for young sporters who wanted to combine study and sport he set up universities and colleges. so i think he touches, yeah, a tremendous amount of people and it's an incredible loss for everybody in the footballing world. every a yak fan you ask, every football fan they have a memory of johan cruyff, ajax, barcelo
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barcelona, america, it's a sad loss. now, asian champions australia are one step closer to the next fifa world cup in russia. they opened the scoring after just two minutes in their latest qualifier. australian going onto win by seven goals to nil in adelaide. the win means australia need just a draw against jordan on tuesday to clinch group "b" and book a place in the final round of asian qualification. lebanon's hopes of reaching russia have ended. they were beaten 1-0. the result means lebanon cannot progress to the next phase, while south korea go through as group winners with seven wins from seven games. now tennis world number one novak djokovic has apologized after his controversial statements about quality of pay. he said mena tract more spectators and deserve better paydays.
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many of the game's top players are now at a turn in miami where from where andy gallagher reports. >> reporter: when it comes to the next generation of female tennis players, the university of miami prides itself on turning out some of the best new hopefuls. the hurricanes is the -- as the team here is known put in relentless hours of practice. but the at the same time from a senior tennis official reverberated across these courts and throughout the sport. >> if i was a lady player i would go down every night on my knees and thank god that roger federer and rafah nadal were born. because they have carried the sport. >> i was very surprised that a high-ranking tennis executive would make these type of comments. >> reporter: as a former player and now associate professor of sports marking wendy doesn't think the comments mean there is a problem with sexism in tennis. but she says the timing is deeply troubling. >> it's been a bad year for tennis. we have already had to have difficult discussions about match fixing, about
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performance-be happening drugs now discrimination. see i think this is another good example of why leadership is so important. >> reporter: over the years sexism has reared its ugly head plenty of times in the sport of tennis but thanks for the game's female pioneers prize money in major tournament is his now equal. having said all of that. comments lik the ones made in the last few days could be seen to have set the sport back decades. the world' number one female player serena williams called the remarks offensive. and the women's tennis association says it stands for the principles of equality and empowerment. >> the women train as hard as the men train. you know and, right, and we are -- the women are just as professional as the men. so -- and it's just -- we talked about the moral part of it. morally it's the right thing do. >> reporter: world number one novak djokovic has since apologized for suggest that men should earn more than women saying his context were taken out of -- his comments were
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taken out of context. my beliefs are week al opportunity. we are all part of the same sport. we all contribute in our own special unique ways. >> reporter: but every time players or officials make disparaging remarks about female athletes, questions about sexism in sport remain. andy gallagher, al jazeera, miami, florida. now, nfl commissioner roger godell says team owners have agreed to give more cash research to head trauma injuries. two weeks ago jeff miller said there was a connection between the brain disease cte and football. >> we think the statements that have been made by jeff miller and others have been consistent with our positions over the years, we have actually funded those studies, we are not only aware of them, we recognize them and support the studies. a lot of the research is still if its infancy. but we are trying to find ways to accelerate that. okay, that's your sport, back to lauren in london.
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thanks very much. now, new zealand has spent $17 million deciding whether to change its flag. in the end voters have opted to keep the existing one. they were asked whether they wanted to keep the british union flag on theirs or replace it we silver fern. we have more on the referendum results. >> reporter: a disappointing turn out and a disappointing result. those who wanted the flag to change refusing to concede defeat. >> the current flag has won the day, we think, though, within time we'll have a new flag in new zealand to represent the fact that we are an independent country in the south pa circumstance so thank you. [ applause ] >> reporter: prime minister john key who has led the campaign for change. >> you can't be a sore loser about these things, you just have to say that, you know, those who wanted change put their best foot forward, they gave it a go. it might not have worked but actually we are a stronger country for it. >> reporter: for more than
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1.2 million kiwis, there are celebrations that the current design with its british union flag and southern cross will continue its 114 year reign. >> it's what the majority want and they will go home delighted that new see slant king the same flag. >> i am so pleased that we are keeping our current flag, it's just a brilliant result. well done new zealand. >> reporter: 57% of voters picked the current flag over the new design. which notably ditched the union flag despite new zealand still having strong links to britain. the 17 million u.s. dollar referendum produced the highest voter turn out in 20 years prime minister key says that proves it was a discussion worth having. >> as. >> as a country we have had he firm us discussion and probably every school child in new zealand has had a discussion about the flag and what it means and, we have done something no other country in the world has done. >> reporter: malcolm was part of the flag consideration pam and says the discussion is far from
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over. >> i think what will happen now is that there will be some ongoing debate about the appropriateness of our current flag and i think that there will be some other suggestions polited overtime. >> reporter: this wasn't the outcome the new zealand prime minister and indeed this kraut wanted but it's 11.2 million kiwis votes for. prime minister john key doesn't like being on the wrong side of public opinion, but it would seem on this occasion, he got it wrong. al jazeera, aukland, new zealand. for the first time muslim majority pakistan is observing the hindu festival of holy as a public holiday. the festival of color marks the triumph of good over evil and the transition from winner to a new beginning in spring. while making it a public holiday they taupe to sends a message of tolerance to the minority hindu community. that's it for me lauren taylor for this news hour, but marian will be here in just a couple of minutes with a another full run of the days of news. thanks very much for watching
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the news our, bye for now. show at 11:00 eastern. >> we start with breaking news. >> let's take a closer look.
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>> this is al jazeera america live from new york. >> at 7:00 - "news roundup". tony harris gives you a fast-paced recap of the day's events. >> this is the first line of defense. >> we have an exclusive story tonight. >> then at 8:00 - john seigenthaler brings you the top stories from across america. >> the question is, will these dams hold? >> and at 9:00 - >> i'm ali velshi, on target tonight... >> ali velshi on target. digging deeper into the issues that matter. >> i'm trying to get a sense for what iranians are feeling. >> singer / songwriter natalie merchant. >> i became fully human when i became a mother. >> devoted community activist. >> people become victimized by their circumstances. >> revelations about her new solo album. >> i was just trying to make music that transferred what was in my heart to other people. >> i lived that character. >> we will be able to see change.
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>> guilty of gendz. genocide. a court sentences former bosnian leader to be 40 years in prison. >> i'm maryam nemazee, you're watching al jazeera, fighting back, the ancient city of palmyra. belgian police are searching