Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 25, 2016 4:00am-4:31am EDT

4:00 am
raids in brussels. belgian police arrest six people in connection with the metro and airport attacks last tuesday. this is al jazeera live from doha. the other top stories. french authorities say they've foiled a plot to carry out a major attack. two prominent turkish journalists are on trial for revealing state secrets. we're live from the court house. plus. fighting for their rights.
4:01 am
integration proposal has led to protests by ethiopias largest ethnic community. six people have been arrested in a series of police raids across brussels as investigation into tuesday's attacks continues. the i a brusselss suburb was in lock down on thursday after police seized an apartment. some residents found access to their homes blocked. >> translation: i was coming back it from school and i found the entire area looked. so i couldn't get home. i asked and they said the police had to do some work mere, but i don't know what's going on exactly. i live very close to here, next to number 20 where they searched the house the brother of one of the brussels suicide bombers, najim
4:02 am
laachraoui, has spoken out about his shock and sadness after the attacks. he said that his brother who graduate in electronics had no sign. they said a police raid after the november paris attacks. he has requested for his fa face not to be shown. >> translation: he was a nice boy, clever. there you are. that's how i will remember him. i'm sad, overwhelmed and touched by what happened. i couldn't believe it was minimum. but well, there you are. as my lawyer said, we don't choose our family. it was us who told the police. they didn't know. after the paris attacks the house was searched. it is over. i will try to turn the page. what's done is done to our correspondent jacky rowland live in brussels. what more can you tell us about
4:03 am
those police raids and arrests over night? >> reporter: the raids took place in different parts of brussels. three people were arrested here in the center, two in the northern suburb, the northern district and one in the west. in particular, there are media reports that one of those arrested may have made a telephone call to one of the bombers because it's now believed there may have been two bombers who attacked the metro on tuesday. there's a lot of public concern about possible security failings in the run up to the attacks and also a lot of worry about the way in which young people are being radicalized here in brussels. i went to one neighborhood to try to find out more. >> reporter: molenbeek has gained a certain reputation. yes, there are challenges, poverty, unemployment, a young
4:04 am
population, but it was by no means inevitable that salah abdeslam and some of his friends would be tempted by a message of mags violence. there are more than 20 mosques and informal prayer rooms here. that's quite a concentration in one neighborhood, but it doesn't provide many clues as to why young people are being radicalized. >> translation: the recruiters have known for a long time that they're not welcome in the mosques. no-one is listening to them. if you say to someone they want their son to go to syria for jihad theshgs are told to go away. these days people are more likely to be approached away from the mosque, maybe on the football pitch or in a café. this woman runs a youth program at the town hall. she says young people are most vulnerable to i.s.i.l. messaging when they're in their early 20s and trying to find their way in
4:05 am
life. >> translation: recruiters move under the radar, usually they're not from here, but they come into the area where young people hang out. they spot the ones that look the most angry or fragile and pretend to be friendly and then they draw them in. >> reporter: the revelation that the bombers came from here is hurting the community. the stereo time type people have about this area is part of the problem. if you're a young person and the employer sees the word molenbeek on your conversation and that's the end of your chances. here is one local man deciding to go against that friend. he has opened an organic café with a difference, offering halal meats to miss clients.
4:06 am
u because i'm from there, one of my priorities is to help people work out the poverty. that will help them get ahead and improve their lives. >> reporter: it's an alternative vision to the one pushed by i.s.i.l. recruiters. the idea that you can be a full european citizen whilst still being proud of your own culture and heritage. >> reporter: of course, it is precisely that kind of person, the person who is a full belgium citizen but is also working to help members of his own community from immigrant background, this is exactly the image that i.s.i.l. doesn't want to see. i.s.i.l. is interested in sewing division between communities, trying to drive wedges between the muslim and non-muslim parts of the population in the hope that it will see a backlash against muslims who have absolutely nothing to do with the attacks. it's interesting in this square behind me, outside the stock exchange in brussels. the shrines and the messages,
4:07 am
the messages are knows of unity. i've seen written on the pavement before it was washed off by the rain, islam equals peace. people who have been laying tributes are keen that the efforts of the bombers, the attackers, should not divide the communities in brussels thank you very much. meanwhile a man has been arrested in france suspected of being involved in planning another major attack. the french national was taken into custody on thursday in one of paris' northern suburbs. preparations for the next attack were in the final stages it is said. >> translation: this raid followed important information issued by the interior security general which allowed us to conduct an advanced mission. this individual is a french national. he is suspected of being an accomplice in the terrorist plan. at this stage we believe the arrest has no link to the previous attacks in paris and brussels. interrogation is going to close
4:08 am
in on this government organization and people who are its accomplices moving on to other news and discussions aimed at ending the fighting in syria. the u.n. special envoy to syria, staffan de mistura has wrapped up the latest round ofndirect talks between the syrian government and the opposition. both sides are still in disagreement over the transition of power. staffan de mistura is pushing for a political solution and says there will be further talks in two weeks. >> the next round of talks will be not focusing on principles again. we have had enough of that and there are many valid common points there, but to start focusing on the political process, and to us political process based on the security council adopted by everyone is political cessation the u.n. estimates nearly 3,000 lives have been saved since the pause of fighting in syria. while diplomats struggle to find
4:09 am
a political solution the reduction in violence is being felt in aleppo. a report now on the life for residents there and what they think about the talks in geneva. >> reporter: it is almost a month since the start of the truce which appears to be hold i ing. talks in geneva to the political solution has adjourned without a major break through. this man is not convinced it will work at all. >> translation: we hope god brings peace, but if we waited for geneva and europeans, it will take us long. >> reporter: others think the negotiations should have one outcome. >> translation: if there is some humanitarian left, they need to do something. it should lead to the return of refugees and that won't happen unless bashar al-assad and his gang leaves.
4:10 am
>> reporter: the neighboring turkey there are over 2.5 million syrian refugees. this catch an is where many syrians gather. these opposition activists have different political views. they all share deep mistrust towards the international community. >> translation: if the international community hadn't left the bashar al-assad regime killing syrians until today, there would have been no i.s.i.l. or other fanatic factions. >> reporter: if you ask any young syrian man in the street, is america able to remove bashar al-assad, they say yes in one phone call. we hope the international community wakes up and doesn't look for their interests. it is their hands to stop the blood bath. >> reporter: the truce has reduced the level of violence and bombardment. it has restored protests.
4:11 am
>> translation: the revolution's anniversary came at a time where the civil activity of the revolution was the sword after we lost it. the truce gave it a lifeline. i fear it won't last long. >> reporter: the war, the truce and the talks are likely to drag on. more syrians are resigned to watch through the haze. they know their future will ultimately be decided by politicians in the distant land to turkey where two journalists are going on trial in istanbul informed in what campaigners are talking a test case for press freedom in the country. they published a story alleging that turkey was arming rebel groups in syria. they've been charged with trying to overthrow the government and revealing state secrets. >> reporter: it was a shipment of arms destined for the civil war, but it's fuel to battle at home in turkey.
4:12 am
published last year by the newspaper, this video purports to show turkish intelligence officers trying to transport weapons and ammunition to what the paper called jihadi fighters in syria. it was said that the cargo was going to turkmans. the editor in chief face charges of aiding a terrorist organization, aiming to throw over the government. >> my responsibility is not to the government but to the public. if an intelligence service is trafficking illegally arms to a neighboring country, who is in civil war, so this is a crime. >> reporter: last month he and his chief were released from pretrial detention. the constitutional court ruled that their rights to personal liberty and freedom of expression have been violated. now comes their criminal trial.
4:13 am
>> reporter: less than a week ago on this busy shopping street a suicide bomber believed to have been an i.s.i.l. member killed four people. days earlier 38 people died in a suicide attack in ankara claimed by absurdish separatists. the government sees itself as battling a twin threat, one that justifies increased kerbs on freedoms. it is also battling a shadowy parallel state, one that infects law enforcement, about buy rock res and media organizations. >> translation: turkey considers considers the parallel state a threat. it isity fighting through democracy and rule of law. the courts will decide. >> reporter: at the beginning of march the government struck a bow against the ghulan movement by taking over the main newspaper. >> translation: there is no difference between the terrorists who have guns and bombs and the ones who use their positions to help terrorists
4:14 am
achieve their goals. >> reporter: journalists and campaigners say all of this is intimidation designed to quash descent. >> they can't solve the terror problem on turkey against it turkey. that's why they want to stifle and muzzle the press and silence the critical voices. for turkey's people, there are two narratives to choose from. national security trumps the liberties. democracy is being eroded under authoritarian rule harry is joining us live from outside the court house. are we expecting to happen in court today? >> reporter: what has happened in the last hour or so. the two journalists arrived. they gave a news conference on the steps here. beside me in front of the courthouse, they are saying that the fact that he had been
4:15 am
released and his colleague had been released by the constitutional court shows that the case had no her its. he said that he expected that the judge today would flow the case out because of that, but this want an act of journalism, not an act of terrorism. when we spoke to him a couple of days ago, he said that in a democracy that would happen, but we're in turkey, saying that the nature of the situation here is that the government has a good deal of control over the judiciary as well as other spheres of live here in turkey. he was somewhat pessimistic saying he could end up back in jail this weekend. in terms of the process inside the courtroom today, we expect to find out, first, whether it will be held in public, also what other charges may be a more general case of what is called a parallel state aligns to the movement of the islamist based
4:16 am
in the u.s. who they accuse of operating a parallel state in this country. also whether these two men will still have their liberty at the end of today or whether they could find themselves back in prison as they were until last month thank you very much for that. still to come in the program, live from the refugee camp on the greece macedonia border where people are refusing to leave. celebrating a hindu holiday in a muslim majority country. the festival of color. tival of color.
4:17 am
4:18 am
4:19 am
welcome back. these are our top stories. belgian police have arrested six people in brussels during raids. two key suspects are still on the run after bombings at brussels airport and metro station. a french man has been arrested in paris on suspicion of planning another major attack. the french interior minister says preparations were in the final stages. two turkish journalist are said to go on trial for state's secrets. they published a story saying that there were arms taken to syria. tenses of thousands of refugees remain stranded on the greek macedonia border and are
4:20 am
refusing to move. there are increased called for nep. there is u.n. refusing to work in the centers in protest of the recent e.u. turkey deal. we're joined by our correspondent who is live from the camp on the greece-macedonia border. what is the situation like at the camp now? >> reporter: as you can imagine, people are growing even more desperate, frustrated, impatient. they're asking a lot of questions and they're not getting any answers. some 12,000 people or more really living out in the open. there are tents, but the tents do little with the cold and the rain. so people are going increasingly impatient. what they want is for the borders to open so that they can continue on the migrant trail to northern europe. as we know for weeks now. that route has been closed. what the greek government wants
4:21 am
to do is to relocate these people, put them in government-run camps across the country, even close to the border, better conditions. at least they have some sort of shelter, but niece people are refusing to leave. what we understand is that, approximately, 20 buses are going to arrive today and the authorities are hoping that a thousand people will accept to move to these government-run camps but people don't want to do that. they believe by staying here that they can put pressure on the authorities and the european union to open the borders so that they can reach the designations that they want. they do not want to be stuck here. when you talk to people they say if the border doesn't open, what we want is to go back to syria. we're refusing to stay in government run camps where we can languish for three to six months until our asylum requests are looked into. mean meanwhile, where does that deem between the e.u. and turkey stand now, given that u.n.h.c.r., other aid organizations are saying they're
4:22 am
not going assist in the transfer of refugees to what necessity see as detention centers? >> reporter: well, yes. the people here are excluded from that deal. the e.u. turkey deal took effect on march 20. really there's a new reality on the ground. what the greek authorities have done is take the thousands of people, the older rivals as they call them, from the islands. they moved them to the mainland to make resume for those who arrive after the march 20 deadline and those people are being taken to detention centers, closed facilities, where the asylum requests are processed and the possibility of them being deported back to turkey is real. that is why we heard the u.n.h.c.r. criticise this deal. they're now refusing to work in these closed facilities because necessity say in runs against their policy. people in the past once they land on greece's shores they were able to move around.
4:23 am
now they're locked up in the centers and the u.n.h.c.r. as well as other aid organizations are not working inside these centers. they still provide help on the shore line, but really very controversial, but what we understand from authorities government data is that the number of migrants arriving on the shores have significantly dropped. whether or not this is going to be a pattern or whether the flow of migrants will eventually stop because the weather conditions are quite bad now, we have to wait and see, but the greek authorities have said on thursday not one migrant or refugee landed on greece's shores thank you for that. radovan karadzic says he will appeal against his on 40-year sentence. he was found guilty of ten of the 11 charges at the international criminal tribunal for the former group.
4:24 am
it was a verdict against all serb people and radovan karadzic was only convicted it is said because he is a serb. egypt has released images of personal items that belonged to a murder eddie italian student. police say they found a bag with his student id and passport during a raid on gaining that had been posing as police officers. his badly tortured body was found on the street after he disappeared in january. he had been in the country carrying out research on trade unions. a family of an egyptian man arrested for wearing a t-shirt with an anti torture slogan says he has been arrested from prisoner. he was 18 when arrested in 2014. he was never charged and he was tortured during his two-year detention. government leaders in ethiopia promising to address demands made by the largest ethnic
4:25 am
group. at least 200 people may have been killed in a crackdown by security forces. charles stratford reports. >> reporter: 15-year-old and her 8 year old say they were shot in their legs. this happened during a caravanning down on an anti-government democrat strapgs near their house last month. >> translation: i was in the backyard walking to the house when i was shot. my brother was in the house. i couldn't walk. i was bleeding. then i was hit again. when i was on the ground i felt the pain and my brother came to help me. despite the ethiopian government crackdown, sporadic protests continue. anger among the people ethiopia's largest ethnic group was sparked by the government's so-called integrated development plan. the government says it wants to improve roads, development and services in the region. they say it's a land grab. the government has cancelled the plan. it says it wants to consult them
4:26 am
on how to move forward. they have for decades accused the government of corruption and ignoring their rights. >> reporter: there have been protests in towns and villages across the area. it is the largest region in ethiopia stretching hundreds of kilometers around the city. both local and foreign journalists have suffered intimidation and have been detained. some local journalist that we have spoken to say they have been too afraid to try and cover the crisis. human rights investigators say they are literally putting their lives at risk trying to gather ago rate information the rights abuse investigator insisted we hide his identity. >> reporter: it's very dangerous. everybody is living in fear. they imprison people every day. people have disappeared doing this work is like selling my life. >> reporter: this lawyer describes what he says are testimonies from families of the dead. >> many people were killed after
4:27 am
the protests took place. many people were shot in the back, some were shot in the head which shows that these were peaceful female. that corroborates the reports that we had from the victorias' families. >> reporter: the government says the claims are exaggerated. >> people, whether they are civilians or surety officials who have been involved in excessive force will be held responsible. >> reporter: they will recover at home. many who suffer the consequences of demanding a better life to pakistan now where parts of the muslim majority country are observing the hindu festival as a public holiday for the very first time. the festival of color marks the beginning of spring and the
4:28 am
triumph of good over evil. >> reporter: it is celebrated here all over pakistan. the moopd is certainly more jubilant as a few dozen people come to this small camp. entire families are here and happy to know that their children don't have to go to school during holy holiday any more and can take part in the festivitie festivities. >> we are thankful to the government that they had announced holiday for all of our festival. the minority feel like they have been blessed by god. >> reporter: the holy festival is embelleded in tradition. it coincides with the transition from winter to spring. these people say the festival also celebrates the triiumph of
4:29 am
good over evil. >> translation: we now feel we are also part of pakistan. after the government gave us what was our right, a public holiday. >> reporter: by announcing a public holiday on easter holy day, they are sending a message of tolerance and harmony in a country where the minorities feel left out. this was an image of joining in the fun. >> translation: many muslims are celebrating holy with their community and them will be sell bralting the same with christians on their religious harmony. >> reporter: slowly it is becoming more popular in pakistan and with it too easter, festivals aimed at showing people that their strength lies in unity. rich culture diversity and
4:30 am
tolerance for each other just a reminder you can keep always up-to-date with our news on our website at te at firefighters in the u.s. are more liabilities to die by suicide than by fighting fires. in 2015 alone more than 80 firefighters killed themselves. but the numbers could be higher because most fire departments to not track suicides. it is a subject that's rarely talked about in the fire service. >> the average person can't