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tv   Innovate Africa 2014 Ep 2  Al Jazeera  February 6, 2018 7:32pm-8:00pm +03

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he's called for a special meeting of its top committee to design sumos state. to barclays main opposition leader morgan chang is critically ill in a south african hospital the sixty five year old announced in june twenty sixth in that he was having treatment for colon cancer he returned to hospital in johannesburg early last month the supporters have been tool to court brace for the worst kenyan politician has been charged for his role in a controversial swearing in ceremony opposition leader the good of a good lesson here on the left was at last week's ceremony where i didn't get to clear himself the people's president rejecting all who are kenya his reelection in october he's been released on bail after being charged with treason i'm awful assembly and engaging in organized criminal activity. they're up to date those are current headlines stay with us though innovate africa is next to it in the story of a thirteen year old boy is using technology to stop lions attacking cattle we'll
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see a little bit later. this is innovate africa a new series highlighting innovation and creativity across a continent on the rise today. how to become an online catalog not gonna your college degree graduate in the next twenty four hours to be too close to the on the go at the bottom of. mobile phones revolutionizing farming in kenya it's almost like a cult unpacking crops d.n.a. in the search for new food sources for africa. where almost all looking for a simple plot. and the young kenyan with the
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solution to protecting livestock from lion attacks. despite the rapid pace of change agriculture remains the backbone of most african economies providing employment and food for millions of people developing innovative food security solutions is high on the african agenda and key for meeting the public key targets of the millennium development goals for twenty fifteen. lake volta is the world's largest manmade lake it was created in the one nine hundred sixty s. as part of a hydroelectric power project but the development has come at
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a price. the most fertile land is now submerged and the soil in the surrounding areas is sandy and lacking in nutrients. and comes. under the bed. with a growing population to feed local farmers face an uphill struggle to supply the crime markets. go to production is an important source of food in ghana but traditional catholic families cannot keep up with the country's demand. i've come to a crowd to need to man has come up with a high take way to attract investment and make phone is more efficient it's called crowdfunding here in ghana there's a deficit of thousands of tonnes of meat each year and if imports have doubled over the past ten years it's currently cheaper to import me from south america in the
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united kingdom and to buy local meat. and. kemal yakubu is a local innovator who believes that the answer is to take cattle farming on line i am not just me a farmer in the with old good blues i'm due farmer with technology he has created a virtual on line farm where people all over the world can browse local demand funds and invest in the livestock a small holder fun and they do it by buying all or part of a virtual cow hocks builders are going to start a new car there you would see. the farmer on whose farm you one thing. because people before they even stop the car they start by choosing the father exactly you got all the information about a video clip started out of the same language drama. each virtual cow is divided
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into twenty pieces cow back is can buy just one piece or a hoe. if they wish when the cow has twenty supporters the cow is linked to a real animal. so it actually becomes real for his real name or name do you want to give to a cop. something like this he munches using still techniques to move in a moment so part machine that is what we call the repackaging. and rebranding of your parts and for that you have to love it. do it on the go go the investors can follow the progress of their animal interact with the farmer and profit once the cow has been harvested. is a very interactive bottle we've created for. but found the bill goes much further than allowing investors to adopt a cow it's a means of centralizing information on the cows health welfare and ultimately readiness to slaughter. in the olden days people come together and actually help
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someone grow something now with technology we are limited by abundance and it will people around the world can come together chip in and help someone to fall. apart from playing the poteen and in extreme poverty you also have retained one investment again yet which means that the system is sustainable helping people because the business. mr mit is one of the first found is to pilot the project with this process all you have to do is to target them and then when they come in where we can monitor them and track them and give you his ok on your cattle. farm of the rollout to full over the next few months these cows are some of the first to enter the final dot to be. high take it tags
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allow them to be true. via our isp id technology which can also be used so that families can be contacted via s.m.s. if cows get lost or stolen or their budget becomes attacking the cows is not as easy as comeau made it no good leaders. don't go that route out on the oil well to leave it on to be too close to the want to go in. there to move you on the land. and are going to go on a bill could revolutionize need funding in ghana crowdfunding will bring vital investment to small rural families while the tagging technology and the centralized database give small farmers access to advice and information leading to bigger
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profits and better meet. the onset of food security in africa is not only found in the fields but also in the hands of scientists the very d.n.a. of some crops could be the key to abundant and nutritious food for the future. today i'm on a bit of an adventure in nairobi i'm visiting the world i will forrester's center going back to my roots in the world of slides i'm going to explore some of the work i'm doing with africa's backyard cops they exploring their genetic makeup in a bid to ensure from security romney on top form a welcome to home out what comes to the world a group or a thief and nice to meet you i haven't been in a lab in years the role of science and technology in food security is critical the
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very d.n.a. of some plants and trees is provided. auntie's africa is hungry and our children are hungry do you know twenty three million children go to school hungry every day in africa while many of them look very well fed they are actually malnourished because they don't have the nutrients that they need most of our farmers are practically living on five crops or you know rise as we take this all start it's not only about start if these children don't have the nutrients for their cognitive development do you imagine what kind of leaders we will produce in the future. while crops like maize and wheat have received much attention from international breeding programs there are several other species known as underutilized crops that have much to offer often crops have been neglected by the rest of the world they have not been improved yet they are very important to smallholder farmers in africa his crops have high nutritional value their adapted to their soils in dry climates
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they haven't had any one adopting them and saying let's improve your own let's grow you into something. many indigenous african fruit and vegetables which have been part of the landscape for centuries are about to undergo a remake. so we're almost looking for a sort of super plot yeah we were looking for super things so we're also looking for super varieties super breeds for all often crops so what goes on in this in this area here we try and start up the material because we need the d.n.a. to get the sequencing going so first we have young seedlings and we pick up the leaves from here and then start the did an extraction. we have selected one hundred one copes from almost ten thousand cups and now with this technology we don't have to just look outside the crop we can go inside the crop and see how can
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they select that we want to move on. in operating programs using the any information patches to select what we want can imagine the huge potential we could ensure this high vitamin e. like the high vitamin a rice that is available about micronutrients galore with climate change we could have crops which are adapted to dry land water logging opportunities are to treasure ok so let me introduce you to dr alice mitchell gave she's the gene bank manager the global gene bank manager what exactly is going on here one of the species we have rescored cesium is an african species good their fruit very her rich in vitamin c. so what have gone for here is for believes because the d.n.a. for sequencing is extracted from the leaves and so we just need about a centimeter square of the sleeve to start the d.n.a. extraction so to give it a try you might. look at some group thank you. how
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big a piece of my car you got a piece that turned back grit ok so from here we're back to the lab we're going to back them up all right let's go. to this is where the extraction happens here is in order to extract the d.n.a. from the crop samples clippings must be frozen in liquid nitrogen so that they can be ground into a fine powder and if you're yes ok ok let's see if i still got it from here just read facts from. your drink to drink ritz. it's like riding a bicycle just now you have a bird so make sure your beverage crash occurred because if you don't think that
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you know going to get good you know. because when i got it i got strafed and this is. a yeah danny preferred trivia will print out the predictable than expected. good. this is our second thing that yeah we got four new sequences that i am protons each of them cost more than a quarter million dollars all the d.n.a. has been prepared there and we come and develop what we call libraries by breaking the d.n.a. composition down into its basic building blocks the scientists can then identifying markers that enable them to select the specimens most sort of the characteristics to breed from within a day a plant which is one database we could do that in the past that would have taken seven eight ten years it's phenomenally fast now yeah yeah i mean the opportunities for health food security disease control it's it's you know apart from
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fruit and vegetable crops several trees with exceptional nutritional properties are also on the agenda the build up was the very first plant specimen to be sequenced here at the world a group forestry center. is highly nutritious it has twice as mt calcium and then milk that you know neither very good you know about isn't that amazing and we don't give our children a above milkshake call it has almost four times the amount of potassium compared to bananas fifteen times antioxidants compared to oranges the leaves are highly nutritious more than spinach so what we're trying to do to the best occasion is to shorten that life cycle so that the tree stuff floating within five years and then often in the forest they start putting them in pharmacies feel so that they can generate some income from selling to private sector why can't all crops be like
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cocoa which is all over the world they're hoping that. the national governments will invest in the breeders to capture this information and put it into their breeding programs let's rise to the challenge. kenya is a country with a rich agricultural heritage and a history of traditional farming but now mobile phone technology is said to transform kenyan cattle farmer. is a kenyan dairy farmer. for some time he's been struggling to make his small dairy herd profitable. then he discovered i count. it's a mobile app that provides him with information and agricultural tips. for messages
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from the i caught up it so he may be pregnant upbeat it should go up in detesting body stay. healthy production. tell you how many good used to. go up and since the cattle. know to go up what's the point. i cal was invented by take entrepreneur. runs the i can't office from here organic farm just outside nairobi this here's a contraption for animals with the birds can get live on so they grow up you know basically and then they'll come out in the living room. we started as the first
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mobile in the agricultural space i think actually on the continent. to get started farmers register and i count using a free s.m.s. number if you want to get there who are you there that to eighty five go to number two you receive them is read it really really select one or two will be accurate once they're registered they're able to browse a menu offering a range of options basically that's the way it works you go home and the information comes to you based on your own unless unless it's simple for your simple technology but it's a very sophisticated information network and this junction network. if a farmer is able to find the advice he needs on the phone menu i can office will put him in touch with someone who can help out my name is even calling you from michael the i coude team also uses the database of farmers to stay in touch and to
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find out how the service can be added to or improved i see that you have been using our services on my show decal how much you did used to get before from the three cows you know you're getting forty liters from that a liter so each cow gives you how many liters. on our database of farmers we have just over six hundred thousand who have touched base with the platform and at any one point in time about a hundred fifty thousand that are using different products on the platform a form is assigned on we get three s.m.s. is a week so two of us misses a month and slowly build up we have got farmers who are now six hundred messages later only about cows i mean they're expert foremost on the responses we're getting are absolutely amazing everything from increased you know ills to reduce mortality and poultry to you know it's just amazing and i coul is growing the platform will soon be expanding to include a project called smart found tips
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a service designed to supply extensive information on a variety of livestock for you to be able to learn more about we have. where you don't have to read this that you can death good belfast wait five. select number three for smart tips and then and that's mother to protect livestock and from livestock you can now change check diseases then best it's almost like a wiki for agriculture and farmers can go on a search the menu when they search the life stop they'll get ate a menu that will drop down giving them all the different animals within that space carl's poultry group craig roberts camels the monkeys that's so great that this doesn't rely and internet you know no internet seems really simple as well very easy to use very self-explanatory in the palm of performance and has access to literally everything that he needs to get it
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right so hopefully taking the biggest risk out of farming and enabling farmers actually become more productive and increase incomes. protecting livestock from predators is a problem faced by many african farmers recently i met someone who solved a complex problem using simple technology and creativity. kitting gala is a village on the border of the nairobi national park. this peaceful rural part of kenya is home to a remarkable young man who came up with an invention that would not only save cattle but have a major impact on line conservation. michael tigar than has been there
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even when i was born was they were only skimming lands. richard to read grew up hurting his father's cattle here. we're lions regularly came from the neighboring reserve to attack his family's livestock so there's a border here which is that when there was a border for the last this grizel. now fifteen richard still spends time herding counts but his real passion has always been technology. love solving program. i just want to ignore stuff works i remember my mom who would do it and she good and. she wanted to kill me birds. but a lot of bad electronics. richard is a local hero his homegrown cattle protection invention has taken him across the oceans to california and back again but his big idea originated right here among
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the cattle. we had a very big program. for those growth. almost daily attacks on the communities lifestyle left richard's families desperate in the region cows are the number one income generator for most families. was there ever an attack while you were watching the cattle. cold one of. our family killed. richard was determined to come up with a solution to protect his father's cattle he tried everything from lighting bonfires to scare crows to electric fencing nothing who. thinks one of them with the use of branches. wanted to make a friend. who would not be able to see because inside.
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it didn't work and they were just in them and then inside we saw them. one night he made an interesting discovery. so i discover the land will not come if someone is rattling around so i. took them but someone who was walking around but they were not there. and so the solar powered line lights were born of the smallest and this battery richard figured out that by connecting any delight to a solar powered battery through an indicator from a motorbike he could make the lights flash mimicking a patrol is torch. so this is the thing is one of them. the loans that i'm walking around that i normally oblige when you walk with a torch it looks like it's crushing because you're walking in your footsteps and making the let's look like it's flashing. the oldest but running around and.
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slipping. so what did your parents say when they saw the child put one of this up and that it worked i think their friend award was there or just part of. it since installing the first set of line lights over two years ago richard's family haven't lost a single cow to line attacks and that was only the beginning news of his invention spread quickly first his neighbors and then farmers across the country started commissioning richard to install their own line lights around the same time a group of conservationists from wildlife direct led by dr paul. were conducting research into line attacks on homesteads when they came across richard's remarkable invention they put him forward for a scholarship at a top private school in kenya with the scholarship secured richard then pitched for a coveted spot at the twenty thirteen international to talk conference in california and won.
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michael mann to the my side has the lens. it's one of the six lands which are killing there will be i used to read lands but now because my invention is serving my father's cows and the lungs we have bridges that would last that end of a used to oyster dogs. and other religion where it could. lead towards you know. them and then they might in that one day i'll actually sit down and with my own to . thank. the. next time an innovate africa. we wanted to build a platform that could bring the africa story like bringing rwandan women into the high tech workplace sixty percent of cooperation has a cell phone bill less than fifteen percent access to electricity solar powered
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mobile phone charger and. i have never known really a world about computers and who needs banks now kenyans can run a business can be a mobile phone it's enough to turn a butcher. next time an innovator africa. a young so molly refugee thrilled to gain u.s. residency in twenty sixteen. i was told i was lucky to get to say i was a really really hard case a god answered my prayer but with anti immigrant sentiment under the trump
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presidency al-jazeera well to ask sally was whether his american dream is still alive. in america at this time on al-jazeera. a new poll ranks mexico city is the pool with worst in the world for sexual violence many women are attacked while moving in the crowded spaces of the metro buses and even at the hands of taxi drivers the conversation starts with do you have a boyfriend you're very pretty and young you feel unsafe threatened think about how to react what do i do if this gets worse now mahdi army uses a new service it's called loyal droid it's for women passages only and drawn by women drivers. for some extra features like a panic button and twenty four seventh's monitoring of drivers. it's like the wild west they can do anything and the really hard for them to get the internet is both
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a tool for democracy and a threat somebody who controls ten thousand people that's controlling the hundred thousand voices. in the echo chamber world of fake news in cyberspace the rules of the game have changed there are no precedents people and out investigate disinclination and democracy part two at this time on al-jazeera. dozens killed in airstrikes on syria's east and go to you on envoy says civilians are being bombarded and start. from london also coming up.


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