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tv   Iraq After The Americans  Al Jazeera  February 10, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm +03

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more than a century ago britain and france made a secret deal that would influence the shape of the middle east for more than a century to come and so. now we can durham. psych speak lines in the sand and this time on al-jazeera. i really felt liberated as a journalist was. going to the truth as i would that's what this job. i'm sam is a than in dar with a look at the headlines here in al-jazeera now israel believes its fighter jet that crashed was most likely shot down by syrian forces though it's still unconfirmed syria says it was responding to an israeli act of aggression israel had earlier reported downing and rainy and drone that had strayed into its territory through
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the iran has dismissed that as ridiculous the israeli army says it struck twelve iranian targets in syria including an air defense system iran has the latest from west jerusalem. the israeli army have confirmed that the operation is still ongoing against what it's calling iranian targets and syrian air defense systems on the syrian side now what they're saying about the israeli jet is interesting they're very using very careful language they won't confirm whether it was actually shot down with it was shot down by syrian air defense systems or even russian air defense systems that's likely to try and avoid a big escalation of this conflict clearly the syrians are very angry and they've issued a statement saying that they will retaliate against any israeli aggression now russia is calling on all sides to exercise restraint and respect syria's sovereignty meanwhile the lebanese group hezbollah is warning against any
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aggression towards the syrian government saying it will be met with force then a holder has more from beirut. it wasn't the first israeli air strike of its kind there have been numerous strikes over the past few years but this is the first time the syrian air defenses have shot down the plane a very serious incident a very serious confrontation between syria israel and iran and after the plane was shot down there were further strikes israeli warplanes targeting syrian army positions what they said were iranian targets and they were targeting an area southwest of damascus an area known as close by where we understand an iranian military base is being built it's not the first time they've targeted this area the base is not operational yet but clearly it is a message to iran we will not allow you to set up permanent bases we will not allow you to entrench yourself militarily and we want you away from the border so serious escalation hezbollah's media unit issuing a statement and for the first time this statement was signed by syria's allies it
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said that any aggression against the syrian government or syria will be met by force so syria's allies coming together issuing this statement so a serious confrontation and but so far you know in one way or the other it has been contained israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu made numerous visits to moscow his last trip just two weeks ago and he made clear we will not allow iran to reach our borders we won't allow iran to have so much influence in syria what we understand is that there have been the gauche ations between the russians and the israelis to create some sort of a buffer zone in southern syria to keep the iranian forces and their allies away from this buffer zone not playing out who hasn't been happy with the deal so far. north korea's leader kim jong un has extended a rare invitation to the south korean president mungy isn't to visit pyongyang the moon is hosted kim sr for talks in seoul on the sidelines of the winter olympics she's the first member of the kim family to visit south korea since the nine
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hundred fifty korean war. chairman kim jong un's on voip kim yo junk delivered a letter expressing a willingness to improve relations she also delivered a message from kim jong un that he is willing to meet president moon in the near future and that he hopes president moon visits the north at a convenient time when they're under modi has been making the first official visit by an indian prime minister to the palestinian territory he's met palestinian president mahmoud abbas in a trip to the west bank as part of a three nation tour to strengthen ties with the middle east earlier he laid a wreath on the tumor former palestinian leader yasser arafat's. donald trump's block the release of a democratic party rebuttal to a republican memo on russian meddling in the election the bloc no challenges last week's republican memo which accused the f.b.i. and justice department of bias against trump those are your headlines the news
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continues here on al-jazeera after rewind stay with us. hello and welcome once again to rewind i'm come on santa maria in the decade or so since the start of al-jazeera english back in two thousand and six we've broadcast hundreds of moving powerful documentaries and here on rewind we are revisiting some
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of the best of them and looking at how the story has moved on today we're rewinding to two thousand and twelve when faultline sebastian walker returned to iraq to assess the state of the nation after the withdrawal of u.s. troops that was supposed to be the end of nine years of occupation following the downfall of saddam hussein since that time of course iraq has had to endure chaos in the wake of the rise of eisel a government widely seen as exacerbating sectarian divides and the virtual destruction of cities like mosul in the attempt to drive out in retrospect said walker's film is an extraordinary snapshot of a moment in time a very personal journey through a devastated land with hopes of a better life emerging from the ashes hopes that were to be cruelly dashed from two thousand and twelve his fault lines iraq after the americans. i.
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five years since i was last in iraq. back then coalition troops were still deployed in the southern city of basra the military has left but many of the british soldiers who are based here have stayed on. this time they have the money. business is booming for their clients to iraq is pumping record amounts of oil and production contracts to develop the country's massive southern oil fields. to foreign companies. to think. china's national petroleum corporation has partnered with british giant b.p.
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to develop the remaining oil fields in iraq. newly arrived chinese oil workers and foreign employees meet their security details in this. to a private security escort is still obligatory and this is. the first city to fall in the two thousand and three u.s. led invasion. i came here that summit to report on angry protests that have broken out against the lack of electricity. today there isn't much improvement in the basic services people were protesting for nine years ago. power cuts. unemployment also is widespread here. people under thirty don't have jobs.
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new money flowing in the cost of living is rising fast. but i think the plague. one mile from us and them in the. place where you can see that's a look at what is at the market and then michelle can always a. community in that budget has shot for nine years union leader hashmi al saddam he has fought to keep iraq's oil wealth flowing to iraqis not just to foreign companies iraq's deputy prime minister for energy says that the deals the government has signed with foreign investors are reaping rewards we have already increased our production to three million barrels per day and during this it will add another. half a million more but it appears the so the progress is there. but despite record output in barrels read this frustration the company's developing the fields importing labor. and that there is no meaningful legislation to protect iraqi jobs
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. isn't to be looked at and that it isn't to be afraid to commit to talk about iraq and to the iman is one that among you might talk about this is really i am a mom but you could be and that is that and then. i lash out and i wanted to. sit down he says it was the u.s. decision to dismantle iraq's army and national industries in the name of the path of vacation that caused widespread unemployment. and created a launch pool of angry men ready to take up arms. from basma we joined north toward men jaf. along a road lined with symbols that commemorates a battle lost and injustice done. the same a trio of want to yell solemn of peace surrounds the city why it is possibly the
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largest burial ground in the wont and the final resting place to which many shia aspire. the scale of this place is absolutely breathtaking for fourteen centuries shia from all over the world have been bringing that they had to be buried head it's so immense that in that job they say that since he is fall for the living and haul for the dead. in two thousand and four the serenity of the valley of peace was violated. that spring finds his loyal to motown around the side of the son of one of iraq's most revered shia clerics for u.s. forces in baghdad and the holy cities of karbala. and here in the jaffa but up up e.g.o.'s this as i already and landed here. destroyed everything. at the beginning of august trying to root out sandoz mind the army and take control of man john u.s.
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marines invaded the cemetary. well been taken into a part of the graveyard where you can actually see the destruction from the fighting that took place in two thousand and four there's r.p.g. holes in the walls some of these graves are completely destroyed a member speaking to iraqis at the time who simply couldn't believe that things had to tarry to such an extent that this one of the most holy and sacred sites in all of iraq had turned into a battleground between the mighty army and the americans. hundreds of monte finds as dined in the battle. in a new section of the cemetery built for sanders followers killed in the uprisings and sectarian violence that the u.s. led occupation provoked. families come to honor their daily. lives. so much. no one knows how many iraqis have been killed since the invasion. of them its range from more than one hundred fifty thousand to over
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a million. for years the u.s. claims not to keep a body count. but there are some six thousand graves in the cemetery learn where the grief seems impossible to bury. early shock a saddam's mother died during the violence in two thousand and four his brother is buried here in the section reserved for those killed by u.s. forces. in the huddle too little to follow from the front of other people for. a new look in the heart a lot of be. a little. bit of a look at that i. thought and i don't know what i thought of that. these were the people the u.s. military expected to welcome them. but they soon made enemies of people like allie and his family.
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but then. if i thought i should be. ok if it's. ok for. a job it could be him in america they think this is over. here. who. could you tell you to do. is follow his listens to him deliver some of his most incendiary sermons against the occupation here in his base in the nearby city of coup for. now santa spends much of his time in iran and on this friday he isn't here but the message is political populist and doesn't shy away from criticizing the government
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and bank and. well there is yeah it was what you had here was and it was you're here where here you are forgetting the sermon addresses the deepening conflict between iraqi prime minister nouri al maliki's party and opposition blocs but has virtually paralyzed parliament for months was there that a sheet where he was. over the years santa has cultivated the image of an independent champion of the dispossessed shia who make up his base. and he's transformed himself from a leader of a militia into the leader of a political party an important one on which maliki reliance to maintain power. for years saddam hussein had banned public celebrations of shia festivals and limits of the flow of iranian pilgrims to my job. now the pilgrims and tourists are
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back prompting a boom in trade and hotel development. and there are unconfirmed reports that iran is planning to spend a billion dollars to refurbish the showing off the decades of being victims the shia majority in iraq have emerged the victim is. a shia who now holds the top post of prime minister and commander in chief and government positions are distributed according to ethnic and sectarian quotas. the new balance of power in iraq has raised fears that iran's influence is growing both in baghdad and here in the jafo. ayatollah ali al sistani is the top spiritual guide for iraqi shia and the leader of the school of clerics that go on destroying . the occupation he demanded the us organize direct elections while opposing
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iranian style theocratic governance. system is eighty one years old and there are reports that iran is campaigning to have one of their ayatollah succeed him. in iraq these days regional ambitions run like undercurrents reshaping the country. but over the past nine years political violence has literally refashion the landscape. i haven't been back to back that in about five years my only just entering the city but immediately the first thing that strikes you as you drive in is one thing that's really changed these walls. baghdad is battle scarred and sectioned off by blast walls that were raised first around government ministries and military bases then around hotels filled with foreigners and then the sectarian attacks escalated around neighborhoods. the
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city was reconfigured is iraqis fled mixed areas for the relative safety of religious and ethnic lee homogenously enclaves. harboring the wounds and stories of the bloodshed the occupation unleashed many remain there protected by concrete walls checkpoints and each other. more than one point three million people across iraq a still displaced. and in baghdad almost half a million remain in camps like this one on the edge of the shia neighborhood of cademy. sit on us one another. abu said john's family was living in town near a sunni neighborhood north of baghdad where resistance to the occupation was fierce . al qaeda also found a home that. i don't. need. someone to go. when the family fled they left everything behind in school food
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here. and although they live in constant fear of eviction they say they can't return to tell me. that he had to step. it. up but that i had. that as a. little about what he. did with us. in the sunni neighborhood of gaza live where they came to escape threats from the mahdi army in two thousand and six hundred ninety five and a mother in law struggling to care for their household including his two kids. like almost one in ten women in iraq they are widows. and his husband hussein was killed by u.s. forces during a raid on the markets in two thousand and five she had just learned she was pregnant with their second child about the. mahdi and shimmered neighbors total
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control have been almost. not. going to have time. to decide moment i've met also got a little bit to the. diameter of the thought of how to take the bad suck out of what i want to but i don't want to go to gets me home by saturday i'm on cyberdyne and having no money. two years later as many as second son nuri was killed in a miniature attack the family lost another breadwinner and bureaucracy has made it difficult for them to get the support payment the government extends to widows or so they say. they're no longer delmonte i'm not sure none of them know must have been some good some how cool mom had to say on my parents want to and i don't know how come i am i now believe that i've begun to notice you know i'm not one that's ahead of obvious out of my view that. i was out.
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another i was that is that i that i said that. chatting with what they wanted as they were telling me. what i want to turn on you in the end yeah i know sometimes men met the new model no i had a photo message you home on and had got to tell me how the first seven of us national it's going to make august. out of. homeless. and then would you go out a career and then homeless got to do it for clooney joe you cool i'm going to up that no no no woman up of nothing in common you my dear only child would you have a shout out. about how to we could help in a song try soon maybe last spent seven months seen us custody at abu ghraib prison and more than a year and a half in the u.s. run detention camps. he has testified to us military investigators that abu ghraib he was stripped and paraded naked with
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a sack over his head dressed in women's underwear cuffed and hung from a window frame for hours when he asked to pray and beaten into unconsciousness did the been. there herman. a minute did it. feel good and i thought yeah i had a little so what i'm with. them and i didn't get the. money he says it was part of u.s. interrogators strategy is they trying to quell resistance that the u.s. terms terrorism or detaining people across the country especially those from sunni areas. as much money. you know. over the past year human rights groups have reported that iraqi government security forces have conducted sweeps preemptively arresting hundreds of people detaining and sometimes torturing them in
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secret prisons inside the international zone some of the same people who were detained by the americans and were accused of being terrorists then many live in sunni areas in and around baghdad from where armed groups still orchestrate attacks . the government says there are no secret prisons i could say that there is no secret detention so we will come now he will not arise for amnesty organization and united nation organization to come and check and to find out whether there is a secret detention center and. out but the arrests have fueled the perception in communities like this one that the government is targeting them much like u.s. forces used to. we've come for friday prayer in and i'm in. a sunni neighborhood that for many years was an important center of anti occupation
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resistance. getting here hasn't been easy and we currently being stopped from getting access to the main mosque anatomy or by a police checkpoint further down the street our soldiers through our security guards currently negotiating with them to get approval for something we already have approval to do. and when prayers are over no one here is willing to speak to us. people here are definitely scared to speak on camera they're saying that if they talk to us they think they'll be arrested down the line and we've now been told that we're not allowed to film anywhere outside the compound around that the main mosque the guards have taken down the details of our security guards and said that if we go outside that gates and stop filming we'll be arrested. i kind of many people the deputy prime minister asylum looked like tells us that the fear we felt in and amir is warranted he receives frequent reports that those arrested face extortion by security forces when that again to go to the trial they have to pay
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money in order to work through the trial otherwise than what they would like with their will is they're brought out of ten years. as the sunni deputy prime minister would temporarily suspended shortly off the u.s. troops withdrew in december and off that he called prime minister maliki a dictator that i cannot be abandoned by one one one. especially when it was raised on sectarianism but there were many political parties that exist there were elections held here there are ministries controlled by different ministers and this isn't a dictatorship who is it and they get a minister over defense or is that only the minister of interior who is not only of intelligence who is the only go all the security departments so there this country . next destination is the only city in iraq where victory celebrations were held as the last u.s. soldier left the country. protested the u.s.
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military presence in their city from the beginning of the occupation. and when the mutilated bodies of four american contractors were strung up on this bridge across the euphrates in two thousand and four baluchis fate was sealed. what followed with two of the largest assaults of the entire war with u.s. marines using devastating firepower to bombard the city into submission. the bloody campaigns had a profound effect on the residents of fallujah could be sure. that. they only i should at. least be you know. i don't like. being told that these graves are actually for people who are still dying as a result of the fighting that happened back in two thousand and four these are the graves of babies who died having birth defects and other diseases. nine year old cannot speak eat all walk on his own. his two younger siblings are
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buried in what's called martyrs cemetery how to die i'm going to hit you and all of us i'm going to. let. you know what it said was done it. when he was born just months after the u.s. led invasion seemed healthy but after the siege of two thousand and four doctors diagnosed him with brain atrophy. there's no question in his father's mind as to the cause. how many parents dread the future that lies ahead for him here in fallujah.
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the way we communicate is what defines us. it always has been. as innovation in technology continues to shape our lives. i am hearing content creation and distribution utilizing cloud technology and artificial intelligence. the future has never seemed closer than it does today. and what lies beyond the horizon. takers to our friends here it's the future of media leaders sent. limitless possibilities. it's like the wild west they can do anything and the really hard for them to get the all powerful internet is both a tool for democracy and a threat somebody who controls ten thousand dollars at home following a hundred thousand voices and they distort the debate in the echo chamber world of
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fake news in cyberspace the rules of the game have changed there are no precedents people as out investigates disinclination and democracy part two at this time on al-jazeera conservation ease helping kyrgyzstan to recover its snow leopard population to see the results i traveled up to the remote nature reserve of saudi chat at touch camera traps have identified a healthy population of up to twenty snow leopards as the technology improves we're finding all these ways in which our guesses are are getting corrected the latest evidence suggests they're more cats than previously acknowledged but this snow leopard trust believes it's premature to downgrade the cats on the international list of threatened species. and young so molly refugee thrilled to gain u.s. residency in twenty sixteen. and i was lucky to get to. i was
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a really really hard. but with anti immigrant sentiment under the trump presidency al-jazeera world asks ali was whether his american dream is still alive some ali in america at this time on al-jazeera. i'm sam is a. is a look at the headlines now we begin with some breaking news out of turkey where the president has confirmed one of its military helicopters has been shot down in syria it happened in southern province turkey has been battling kurdish fighters and series are free in region as part of their operation olive branch mission that
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mission was launched late last month israel believes its fighter jet was most likely shot down by syrian forces syria says it was responding to an israeli act of aggression israel had earlier reported downing an iranian drone that had strayed into its territory though iran has dismissed as ridiculous the israeli army says it struck twelve iranian targets in syria including an air defense system when a holder has more from beirut. it's not the first time they've targeted this area that this is not operational yet but clearly it is a message to iran we will not allow you to set up permanent bases we will not allow you to entrench yourself militarily and we want you away from the border so serious escalation hezbollah's media unit issuing a statement and for the first time this statement was signed by syria's allies it said that any aggression against the syrian government or syria will be met by
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force north korea's leader kim german has extended a rare invitation to the south korean president mungy in to visit yang moon has hosted kim sr for talks in seoul on the sidelines of the winter olympics there under a modi has been making the first official visit by an indian prime minister to the palestinian territories palestinian president mahmoud abbas a trip to the west bank as part of a three nation tour to strengthen ties with the middle east. donald trump's block the release of a democratic party rebuttal to a republican memo on russian meddling in the election blog no challenges last week's republican memo which accused the f.b.i. and justice department of bias against trump former fog rebels in colombia have suspended their campaigns to be elected because of threats by angry mobs now called the common alternative revolutionary force political party you deserved the government to ensure their safety became a political party after
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a peace deal and the fifty years of civil war it's rewind now. in the neonatal saluja general hospital doctor. has grown used to seeing babies born with cancers and congenital malformation. you know when you think gas. same jasim is twenty four days old during the siege in two thousand and four a mother was living in a village on flu. would have more and more serious cases like many residents of dr allan e. fled the worst of the fighting in two thousand and four. when she returned she and her colleagues were immersed in treating the injuries and trauma in its wake then they started seeing a new crisis and the exodus of but they think not as
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a way to see before. we are facing this effects nearly they. now she documents every case she sees. she has hundreds of pictures and video clips saved on her laptop of newborns with cleft palates deforms limbs cancers in launched and atrophied brains are going to have that at the top of the list of a lot of folks. have many many cases of. difference the misshapen hearts are harder to detect and those babies are often miscarried stillborn or die shortly after birth. in a year long survey lonny conducted at the hospital she found one hundred forty seven incidents of congenital malformation one thousand births. about five times the international norm. and in another study she and her colleagues found higher
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than normal levels of enriched uranium and mercury in the hair of parents of children born with congenital malformation and cancer. how do you explain that something happened. as you know you or anyone was not present in the kid's toy toys and not. we didn't buy it by the from the shops that something happened in the city where everybody knows what happened in this if you don't actually need more investigations we need our d.n.a. has to be examined our chromosomes have to be examined you know what happened in japan after hiroshima. you had about what happened here is after that study by study lonnie is trying to confirm beyond a shadow of a doubt what people in fallujah convinced is true that there's a causal link between the weapons used by u.s.
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forces in two thousand and four the amounts are very much the uranium in their bodies and the alarming rise in numbers of sick and malformed children here my personal experience although i don't want to talk about it it is so. much of my brothers have lost two kids because of a new lease. here update two thousand and ten two thousand and eleven. off to the us assault on fallujah many of the foreign fighters fled north and set up camp in the city of mosul. or used to live there until al kind of linked groups moved in. while the violence has dropped significantly from its peak in two thousand and six civilian casualty rates across iraq are on the rise again. since i left in two thousand and four mosul has been under siege from car bombings and assassinations of government officials. governor i feel only j.
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feels predecessor was killed in one of those attacks people. he blames the americans for moses plight and he says it's taking on new dimensions for me ten minutes of the mystic in iraq not just to what i call identified here but also in the open here told gulf war in iraq the leave iraq but they give iraq to iran. and iraq like this. if not the americans here knew jeff he says his forces have made great strides to rid his city of al qaeda i thought the now. and then and he. and he. said in the. well that menu how would any a show and mahal of. a with a high def and mostly one what's up. on earth. but
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with armed police a school took us to our next destination it's clear that fear still remains mosul streets are eerily quiet and this is a sense that the violence for which the city is notorious is never far away. the family i'm about to meet protected me from that violence and this is the first time out of seamen since their youngest son and the reuters photographer whose work is on exhibit here was killed by u.s. soldiers. who say i want to hear. what you feel when you hear that right i mean it's still. it's very sad still here that's. why this in doha. we saw the story. a pair on the reuters wire. so i called you i think at that time and i asked you to call not be able because i couldn't go through it and i think that it was in syria
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yes maybe. now me is older brother now below was in charge of the reuters operation in mosul we used to be a team the three of us traveled around together reporting on the growing insurgency timing mosul streets into a bloodbath. two thousand and three dozen farm it's good you know look like them now and nothing not like in their two thousand something very difficult to believe that the amazon and just went. starting to have to do that but i think you know you save me your heritage. as the situation deteriorated and the man was moved from mosul where he continued to document life and occupation and the violence that had unleashed. more of the sort of the. the study from the airlock. and just.
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when. i saw what john when the. model. one of. the. well i. just came. for the. sword in to me and that's about that i'm the one. who had. within three years me and was killed by u.s. forces in baghdad. his death captured forever on video shot by the u.s. military and eventually leaked to the public by wiki leaks. and then. yes you know he was started running. the fire like a fire. i mean. more
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jobs than. then he was going. to america who was shot one hundred b. . i mean. chad. had had this. less than an hour's drive from the notion of iraq because one found his now disintegrating. the prospects of kurdish autonomy has been a fault line cutting across the north. but when i was faced with it still at least looked like the same country now it looks like a different planet and that seems to be the master plan of the kind of. massive foreign investments and regenerate. and infrastructure projects transforming the way these cities look. kurdish leaders. regional governments when a u.s.
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sponsored no fly zone was set up. and they welcomed u.s. forces during the two thousand and three invasion. in the years that followed washington lavished political and financial support on kurdish leaders in the region as tomorrow's iraq today an example of how a liberated iraq could look. so if there's one place where the u.s. can be proud of its legacy in iraq it should be here. and on the surface at least the future seems brighter than ever. it's a bit surreal to see the architecture transformed and major international chains selling goods at western prices and it doesn't entirely make sense most iraqi kurds only around four hundred dollars a month these malls are full of people but it seems like those actually doing the shopping on kurds from this region it's iraq our bank the rest of the country and
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tourists who come in turkey and even iran. influence may be expanding in the south turkey's footprint here is growing by the day thirty iraq has become turkey's second largest trading partner most of that trade is with the kurdish region. off the years of animosity economic potential seems to have won out over turkey's antagonism toward iraqi kurds and their dream of independence and the kurds appear to have found a new patron. from constructing the roads to rebuilding the souk signs of the deepening ties are everywhere. the turkish company building on this site has some of the biggest contracts with the municipal authorities. but ninety percent of the workers here from turkey. so not everyone is feeling the benefits of.
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this now than it. should and i'm. telling. you. that. the kurds have always been strong supporters of their own political leaders in the struggle for self the time a nation that they have represented. when i was here five years ago i never used to hear the levels of frustration with the kind of leadership that we're hearing now. and as we travel from. discontent becomes even louder when.
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the families who've been living in this building have been told they have to leave the government is making the move to the city limits so that this area can be redeveloped. they say they don't have the means to build homes that. had. she she what i mustn't yeah. but. what. do you know. there's a growing perception that the money flowing into the region is ending up in the pockets of a small business class all of them politicians and party men. a year and a half ago frustration here in so many boiled over. it was february two thousand and eleven and inspired by peoples uprisings in tunisia and egypt kurdish activists
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took to the streets against government corruption and repression launching a protest of thousands the last in sixty three days never ever. do. that. that have. i mean. that's funny. that's a. really good question that on the first day government security forces opened fire on demonstrators who had surrounded political party offices and were throwing stones dozens were wounded one man was shot dead over the next two months government forces killed at least nine more protesters among them zahir mahmood demands fourteen year old son. could be packing didn't get a good. many good general.
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shade room critical. but the kurds have other worries tensions with the central government are escalating kurdish leaders have been signing development contracts with foreign oil companies asserting it's their right to do what they please with resources in their territory baghdad says that's just not true the k r g this is a kiddish regional government. feel that they have the right to negotiate and decide on the oil that has. located in the region they feel they have the right to sign his contracts and this is what their real disagreement lies. with their u.s. allies gone iraqi kurds are feeling less secure than when thousands took to the streets a year and a half ago demanding democratic reforms in their lives only. shot if you will.
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maybe if you don't know you now because you want to your door when you get. there i believe that moment about woman on the set i'm going to tell you this you know as that yeah you know and it was it yeah make a bid a major good you know we're up to the here now. but as kurdish leaders defy bank bad and broken deals for oil pipelines with turkey it seems they're betting that this new alliance will protect them even if it costs them the promise of an independent kurdistan. democratic. in the head up milan kartika couldn't do it. when he's on the shifter for the company could just stand up we could toss them to forty with him with a quick clip or the terms of the veto had. been. limited to this and then if there's one man who appeared surmises claims that iraq is in danger of
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sliding back into office or tearing rule its fugitive vice president tyrant call hashimi. the day after u.s. troops left the country in december prime minister maliki issued an arrest warrant for iraq's most senior sunni politician accused of financing death squads targeting shia he fled to the kurdish north to escape arrest. just two years we caught up with him shortly before he left the country for turkey my kids his straightforward sectarian politically motivated in no way could. be engaged. in any sort of violence hashimi says that his security guards have been detained and tortured into making false confessions against them members of his entourage show us photos they say or of one who died in custody his body appears to show signs of torture and this is by
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their religion a process has to be respected and if. believes he is innocent he should go to the court and prove that in a sense he cannot fled the country or said somewhat and the start. trying to politicize the issue of. the drama is the most visible manifestation of a political crisis that threatens further fragmentation. and iran's reader sent into violent conflict. that we don't have the real democracy in this country. that's fake and is moving towards a very dangerous situation as again. and i secretary anyway. throughout our journey across the country from panzer to arbil financial after baghdad fallujah and mosul. post occupation landscapes have buried. every city
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unique. every stretch of road another distinct piece of iraq. but in each place the people we've met have voiced similar things impatience of a lack of basic services and jobs. anger political corruption. distrust of the regional powers that seem to have more influence over their destinies the natives. and the lingering bitterness about what invasion and nine years of u.s. presence here has created. that legacy for nearly everyone that we've met can be summed up in a single word fear. fear of the prime minister and his grip on power. fear of government security forces in the armed groups of sectarian politics and regional power struggles fear that the ghosts of the past will never stop until the present and defrock are going to continue and that where it's going to be divided
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and there would be a war of before a very divided and after very divided with. iraq after the americans a powerful and moving film which is made yet more poignant by the fact that the terrible events following the rise of iso had yet to happen we're going to talk about those issues now with sound as there is middle east correspondent imran khan just back from baghdad himself maybe you can just give us a rundown of well those last five years basically since the end of that film and i still comes along well that's i think to really explain it that we have to go back to two thousand and six seven and eight when iraq was a breaking point it was a new civil war between the sunnis and the shias and also there was in iraq at the time now al qaida in iraq were able to form because a lot of anger towards the shia led government within baghdad itself but it was really the precursor to everything that we've seen since then harder in iraq were
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defeated by sunni tribal militias the second was the awakening councils supported by the americans now when the sunni tribal militias got rid of al qaida in the rugged they were promised all sorts of things by the sheer led government and. you fast forward now it's two thousand and twelve and the americans leaving. in iraq have been defeated there was a a a group coming up at the time called the islamic state in iraq again another threat to iraq and what happened was the shia led government in baghdad really completely ignored the concerns of the sunnis particularly any province and for years the sunnis protested saying they were promised all sorts of things jobs within the military civil service things like that for defeating al qaeda in the things they were never given things are getting better i mean that sounds like a very bleak picture but things are getting there because prime minister howard rather body is pushing forward with with reforms but these reforms are being met
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with with stiff resistance from those people who have entrenched positions and well let's just pause for a second because i want to bring someone else into our conversation to talk a little bit more about the human cost of these last few years joining us from beirut right general who is amnesty international's advocacy director for the middle east and north africa it's nice to have you with us right in runs give us a really good rundown of how the politics of change i guess in the last five years and bringing eisel in our film talked about one point three million displaced people half a million lived in just one camp how of those numbers and situations changed the numbers are much water snow amnesty international can confirm the number of i.d.p.'s in iraq is over three million now there are few government has unfortunately been a part of the problem many of these internally displaced people were displaced because of the actions of the government and militias affiliated with the iraqi
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government. and their conditions. be bad because of the actions of the iraqi government many of the internally displaced people are taken through screening procedures what families are separate. to many of them of address to the suspicions of collaborating or walking for isis that are tens of thousands of it are keys who have been addressed or the last few years with no due process with no access to any. mosty based on a tip from an informant or other suspicions so there are some government is definitely a part of the problem in many cases it is the reason behind the problem and reconstruction effort that was promised has not even started in many cases tell me about outside influence and i'll also ask you about this after we
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heard from raid and specifically talking about iran. and if he has not commented on the politics of what's going on in iraq this in three to four months or a mandate i mean i can say from from a person and point of view that many of iraq's neighbors have been interfering in iraq's domestic politics different levels iran for example has a lot of leverage and water all over iraq you put it the iraqi militias some of the militias seem to be. there after the or even controlled the by iran so it's one of the countries that has been involved very heavy in iraq's domestic issues i do think the iranian influence is absolutely key also turkey you know and we're looking you know saudi arabia as well they're opening an embassy
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again which they haven't done since one thousand nine hundred one so these are all people that have something to play for within iraq and the influence is all but what ride was saying is very very important what you saying earlier about the sunnis and about the people who for feisal or not as the case may be being separated from their families that will lead to a lot of anger why i'm very concerned about the future of iraq is those people who are absolutely angry at this government won't again be given what they were promised they'll go back to their homes they'll be abandoned and that's what led to ice and coming into existence in iraq in the first place that suddenly so the next fight may well come from the very people right was just mentioned. in beirut thank you so much for your time and your thoughts in iran khan is well with us here in studio thank you and that is it from us to join us again the next weekend check out the rewind page at al-jazeera dot com for more films from the series i'm come off
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santa maria thanks for joining us and see you again soon. these explosions were not an act of war. these nuclear bombs were experiments by the soviet union. to the kazakh people who lived in the vicinity the motives might be little difference rewind silent own news at this time amount to zero.
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from the blue sky. to the fresh fruits and breeze in the city. hello there were some very heavy downpours over parts of south america at the moment the satellite picture showing plenty of clouds plenty of showers again over the parts of bolivia and into the northern parts of argentina this is a region we've seen flooding recently and there's plenty more heavy rains still to come and then also plenty of what with the stretching its way across into the eastern parts of brazil as well so expect some showers if you are in rio to those showers gradually sink a little bit further southwards as we head through sunday so yet more rains here plenty of this time across parts of power guy down through into the northern parts of argentina as well to the south of that though it is fine and settled when it's obvious there are twenty four degrees and force in santiago a bit higher but around thirty one for the central americas there's plenty of sunshine here not a great day in the way of cloud or wet weather really for many of us
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a few showers i think around the coast of costa rica stretching up through nicaragua but for most of us it should be dry in the north you can see that little area of cloud and rain there and over north america it really is looking pretty wild over the next few days lots of heavy rain and a lot of snow as well as this weather system here is still pulling itself together lots of wet weather but it's of wintery weather for the northeast as well. the weather sponsored by cats are at peace. this is al jazeera. hello i'm sam is a band this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes turkish military helicopter was shot down in syria during an operation against
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