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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  September 3, 2018 2:00am-3:01am +03

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weapons to either side in the conflict could be complicit in war crimes now we also know that both sides are due to sit down around the negotiating table on the sixth of september under the umbrella of the united nations the problem is both sides don't want to be in the same room together so it's going to take some effort by the united nations to at least get a process underway that could lead to something that will deliver a peace in yemen and bring an end to what is an almost four year war and there have been protests over the worsening economic situation in yemen shops and government offices were forced to close after protesters burned tires and blocked major roads in the southern city of aden many yemenis are unable to get basic supplies as prices keep going up the yemeni realize lost more than half its value since the start of the war in twenty fifteen in the news ahead once everywhere then nowhere and now bringing a delicacy back into the waters off new york city bus. and i'm very fortunate in
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one of the last places you might expect to find high level showjumping right here in the gaza strip. hello again well i do want to take you across the levant right now because temperatures in kuwait city are coming down but that's not necessarily good news because when the temperatures come down like that this time of year that also means that the committee is probably rising early we had temperatures in the last few days maybe forty six forty seven degrees so your high temperature on monday forty three but very humid conditions are going to be in place as we go from monday as well as into tuesday up towards tehran one day for you as well we expect to see about thirty two degrees there now down here along the gulf we are looking at really a lot of humidity across much of the region towards riyadh though of course dry
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conditions there at about forty two degrees a lot of clouds that we had down here along the coast of oman not really in the forecast here we may see a cloud or two just skirting over to the south of moscow but attempt a few at about thirty degrees then as you make your way down towards the southern reaches of africa we are seeing in south africa a frontal boundary kind of laying out on the satellite image you can see those clouds right there now we do have a significant fire danger up here towards the north or for cape town really not looking too bad temptress few at about sixteen degrees but notice that front just off the coast as we go towards tuesday that front approaches bring some gusty winds as well and then on wednesday some rain in your forecast.
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top stories for you this hour on al-jazeera a state of emergency has been declared in the libyan capital tripoli the situation there appears to be deterioration as rival armed groups battle for control at least forty people have been killed in several days of fighting the u.n. secretary general is calling for an end to that violence the u.s. planning to counsel three hundred million dollars in military aid to pakistan
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saying it's failing to take action against armed groups pakistan denies giving taliban linked fighters safe haven after launching offensives in neighboring afghanistan and the armed group al-shabaab has claimed responsibility for a car bombing in somalia it targeted a local government headquarters in market issue and there are reports children in a neighboring school were killed in that blast. now china is expected to commit billions of dollars in aid and investment to africa at a summit in beijing on monday president xi jinping has welcomed leaders from fifty two african nations ahead of the forum on china africa cooperation on the agenda is she's belsen road initiative a trillion dollar infrastructure plan but there are concerns the project is overloading poor countries with debt you know more than a million chinese migrants now work and live on the african continent while the number of africans in china is lot to be around half that and as a china correspondent reports it's
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a relationship that is about more than just trade and. sandra's from cameroon but his son is chinese because he was born here both appear a lot these days on a popular chinese social media network marriage between a chinese man and an african woman is still a curiosity here. so she and her husband decided to stream their day to day lives fans send virtual gifts which represent money and dollars i don't know i adore china everyone is envious of me everyone likes to see me happy with what i do i like to see me dancing but like me they're all my friends i'm missing napping sandra and xhosa and shouldn married a year ago after returning to his village near dandong in northeast china. life can be harsh here especially in winter when the temperature drops to minus twenty in cameroon it's hot and humid most days given the tiny kisses and hearts
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flashing on the screens of their smartphones symbols for virtual gifts it's going to be a profitable day in a good month they can make a thousand dollars china's economic courtship of africa began twenty years ago one of the consequences of that relationship a new generation of mixed race children. forty years ago it was all but impossible for a foreign man or woman to live in china let alone marry a chinese but today marriages like this are no longer exceptional marrying a foreigner is no longer regarded as marrying down in the way perhaps that it once was here. and there are more and more international married is in china some of our friends also marry foreigners the chinese have become more accepting of intermarriage to begin with those mother was not so accepting.
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help contain nice marry a black woman she can leave at any time that's why at the beginning both my husband i say no to this marriage. sandra's had more success making friends on social media having now mastered enough mandarin to thank them in song. adrian brown al jazeera in northeast china. now children are banned from school by me and me are struggling to get a formal education in the country they escaped two three hundred eighty thousand range of kids moved to bangladesh in the past year many of course aren't in school but one charity is trying to give them a chance to learn how much engine reports. in this child friendly space in bangladesh young real hinge of refugees are getting a chance they were never afforded back home in myanmar. and they are in
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a happy mood as they proudly show off their reading and reciting skills. save the children's daphne cook tells me how the informal program aims to teach more than just letters and numbers these are kids that haven't had any kind of education at all what that means is they might not know how to cross the road safely they might not know how to wash their hands so it's really basic stuff like that to keep kids safe and healthy in their day to day lives outside the learning center though a grim reality confronts you at almost every turn like these children who should be in school instead they're selling vegetables to help support their families or these teenagers who should be having fun with their friends instead discussing what little they have to look forward to before fleeing to bangladesh sixteen year olds
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yob used to dream of becoming a doctor and then a one month of one now i don't know if i can continue to study i would be able to do anything with my life i wouldn't have any skills i'm very worried that this could mean i might end up a thief one day just so i can survive i want to study z. obl completed the seventh grade in me and more but he hasn't been back in a classroom since he and his family fled the violence there go to almost any camp for the displaced practically anywhere in the world and you find more often than not that in those settings it's extremely difficult for children to get access to a proper education but when you speak to are hindu refugees who fled me and more over the course of the past year you find out that their education crisis started long before they arrived here it's estimated that upwards of sixty percent of the are hinge or are illiterate when you hear how these boys were often barred by soldiers from attending school in myanmar as rack kind state it's easy to
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understand why. and at it when we were on our way to class the army used to stop us and ask where are you going we said we were going to school they'd ask us what are you doing go to school unicef simon ingram explains how dire the situation has become so over the past year we've had something like three hundred eighty thousand school aged children arriving here from across the border trying to get them into some kind of learning activities give them some sort of shape to their lives give them some sort of hope for in terms of learning and their education for the future that has had to be one of our biggest priorities while aid workers are cautiously optimistic that consultations with the government of bangladesh will result in a formal curriculum that's ready to roll out by october most of the refugee children don't hold out much hope for while they may not be in school they learn each and every day just how cruel the world can be mohammed.
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at the could you belong refugee camp in cox's bazaar bangladesh. u.s. president donald trump has warned congress against interfering with negotiations on a new north american free trade agreement nafta trump says there's no need to keep canada in the pack a day off to both countries missed a deadline to revamp the deal talks are set to resume next week monday trumpet unveiled a new trade deal with just mexico in russia more protests are being held against the government's plan to change the pension age the proposal would see the retirement age rise from sixty to sixty five for men and fifty five to sixty four women a recent concession by president vladimir putin did say the women's age lowered from sixty three hooton says the cost of pensions could bankrupt russia but the changes they have heard his popularity out of bush have sky is a fellow at the washington institute focusing on russia's foreign and domestic
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policy she told us putin's government didn't expect all the public outcry the way the government announced these reforms was at the time when russia was still hosting the world cup sort of hoping that the public would notice trying to trying to soften the blow so to speak but more importantly the larger issue here is that these reforms demonstrate russia's economic decline of the government's inability. to handle development because russia has a system that is not geared towards development of the country rather it's a system built on loyalty to the kremlin where those that are close to the kremlin get rewarded. and you know there are such things as for example the government had stopped contributing to the pension fund to finance the crimea and excision. the witnesses so it's prioritizing political motives funding foreign adventures over domestic development notably never took responsibility when he made these
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concessions rather he sort of presented himself as this fatherly figure that is stepping in at the last minute. for more than ten years the headlines from gaza have been relentlessly grim haven't they three wars a worsening humanitarian crisis political division the israeli siege that defines nearly every aspect of daily life and yet there are still some pockets of calm in the territory where people can escape the chaos harry that introduces us to one of them. as the fierce heat of the day starts to ebb it's time to get ready last minute grooming final checks on saddles and stirrups. and then out into the arena here in northern gaza given the territories recent history of conflict blockade and economic crisis it's perhaps a surprise to find young people here competing in what around the world is viewed as an elitist sport. ahmed ours ours he is aiming himself to be an elite showjumper taking advantage of the recent opening of gaza's southern crossing with egypt he
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traveled to jordan and then germany excelling in two five nation tournaments and. my ambition is to compete internationally in the recent tournaments i won first and second places some competitions allow us to qualify for the world cup but we've missed out on so many because of the siege and the closure of the crossings. this is final training for a gaza wide competition unlike many sports in this conservative society here girls and boys train and compete together the contests a split according to the heights of the jumps not the competitors gender if event. there's no difference we like brothers and sisters and i'm ready to compete in society does ban women from doing a few things that contradict additions but i didn't catch all continue. but the egalitarian ism only goes so far this is an activity reserved for the very few in gaza who can afford it stabling costs about two hundred dollars a month some of the horses imported from israel even europe are worth thousands.
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most of gaza's horses are used to heavy labor not sport unemployment stands at forty four percent more than half the population relies on food aid all around the world this is a sport that carries connotations of elite isn't and wealth but here in gaza more than most places the contrast between scenes like this and the realities of daily life for so many is particularly stark. traina mad ramsey says working with horses helps children who no matter their relative wealth have had childhoods marred by conflict and siege but he says the costs are becoming harder to sustain. had. has even well our families are now reducing their expenses including on this port many will send their son to get trained but when they reach a certain level with competition and fees and so on then they start. a few days later and it's competition time relatives friends nervous parents line the side of
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the arena star rider i've made is finding his horse car the gold a bit hot to handle he places third. i did my best and i trained very well and i hope next time to win a better place it's the kind of attitude required of young athletes around the world but perhaps especially of those growing up in gaza perry force at al-jazeera gaza funny for you new york city home to more than eight million people and now more than twenty six million. oysters were once plentiful in the city's waters and then they virtually disappeared but now scientists are helping bring them back kristen salumi has been following their efforts in brooklyn. long before lady liberty graced new york harbor its waters teamed with oysters sustaining generations of native american cabinet out in the water scientists along with volunteers are now attempting to return new york's waterways to their former glory
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as part of the billion oyster project in the fixed hundreds it was tough to navigate the waters because there are so many i study it's over two hundred twenty thousand acres so this is a project that is native to new york the story. this site in brooklyn is one of eleven where the project is attempting to recreate reefs with shells collected from local restaurants and baby oysters some from farms on the east coast others grown at a local school with the help of students by nineteen zero six new yorkers had every last oyster their reefs had been dredged up or covered in silt and the water quality was too poor for their regeneration it stayed that way until one thousand nine hundred seventy two in the passage of the clean water act which prohibited dumping sewage and waste into the harbor even now the waters aren't clean enough to eat what lives there but he always to reefs have huge benefits for the local ecosystem. and little superheroes very tiny about they pack a punch and they really they provide such habitat for in the biodiversity of new
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york harbor nicholas jacobson helped make the metal cages that create the reefs and volunteered to help place them in the water the oysters slide in like a file cabinet so in the city there's not many options to really connect with nature it's mostly asphalt concrete and steel. but this really gives an opportunity within the city to kind of connect with nature and. i guess just give back to the environment because we do take a lot and when it comes to the health of new york's waterways cultivating that connection may be just as important as cultivating oysters kristen salumi al-jazeera brooklyn new york. headlines for you here on al-jazeera a state of emergency has been declared in the libyan capital tripoli the situation appears to be deteriorating as rival armed groups battle for control at least forty
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people have been killed in several days of fighting the u.n. secretary general is calling for an end to that violence. the u.s. is planning to cancel three hundred million dollars in military aid to pakistan saying it's failing to take action against armed groups pakistan denies giving taliban linked fighters safe haven after launching offensives in neighboring afghanistan a new u.s. army generals taking over command of nato forces in afghanistan general scott miller was sworn into his new role in a handover ceremony in kabul nato faces criticism over its security strategy in the country as recent attacks by the taliban of spite and security instability comes as people and politicians ready themselves for parliamentary elections next month the armed group al shabaab has claimed responsibility for a car bombing in somalia targeted a local government headquarters in mogadishu there are reports children in a neighboring school were also killed israel's navy is firing on boats attempting to breach the naval blockade of gaza the palestinian vessels are part of
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a flotilla that planned to sail off the gaza strip to join an international campaign against the siege they carrying students activists and several patients who can't get the treatment they need due to the strict blockade imposed by israel . human rights watch is calling for an end to all weapons sales to saudi arabia following the bombing of a school bus in yemen last month and on saturday the saudi amorality coalition admitted the attack was unjustified fifty one people including forty children were killed this week the un will lead talks to try to end the conflict but the warring parties won't be meeting face to face and the chinese president xi jinping is welcomed leaders from fifty two african nations ahead of the forum on china africa corp china is expected to commit billions of dollars in aid and investment to africa at the summit in beijing on monday and on the agenda will be she's built and
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road initiative a trillion dollar infrastructure plan that's a look at your headlines here on al-jazeera inside story starts right now. it's been called an apparent war crime a saudi emirati air strike on a school bus the saudi led correlation admits it made a mistake but will anyone be held to account and who has the power to punish those responsible for such atrocities in yemen and elsewhere this is inside story.
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hello and welcome to the program i'm good of that hamid the saudi iraqi coalition now says the attack on the bus was unjustified human rights watch called it an apparent war crime and is calling for an end to all weapons sales to saudi arabia fifty one people died forty of them children in the air strike inside a province last month the coalition is promising to hold those responsible to account this comes after a report by un experts accused all sides in the conflict in yemen including who the rebels of committing war crimes more than ten thousand people have been killed in more than three years of fighting many thousands more from cholera and other diseases alan fischer reports from neighboring djibouti. it was an attack which threw international condemnation and left the appearance of forty children crying
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over their graves eleven others are also killed in the attack on a crowded market in who the hell diane in the north of yemen in early august initially the saudi led coalition claimed the attack was a justified military operation it was targeting the leaders know it says it made mistakes. that the joint team were based on the above information gathered it is of the opinion that the coalition forces should take legal action to try and penalize those responsible for these mistakes which cause collateral damage in that area these mistakes are as follows first delay in handling down the exact sheesh an order with the execution scorch and should be waiting for the target to approach a clear area free of civilians to avoid unjustified collateral damage in line with the approved rules of engagement in article fifty seven and fifty eight a political one of the geneva convention and the started norms seventeen and nineteen the findings came just days after two reports critical of the saudi led efforts in yemen the u.n.
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panel of experts said that both sides in the conflict including the saudi coalition could be guilty of war crimes and human rights watch accused the saudi led coalition of feeling to investigate allegations of possible war crimes it said too often their inquiries like transparency credibility and did little to stop strikes hitting civilians. so the investigators see those responsible must be punished. the joint team is also of the opinion that the coalition forces should take necessary measures to immediately review and verify the rules of engagement approved by them to ensure the total compliance in all military operations in yemen there are suggestions the saudis and their allies have come under u.s. pressure to do more to cut the number of civilian casualties the surprise admission of mistakes may go some way to improving relations and peace talks are still planned to be hosted by the u.n. later this month. so
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let's bring in meow guest now joining us from berlin bill van esveld is a senior researcher for the children's rights division at human rights watch but rashid band joins us from london he is middle east and north africa caseworker and the international new human rights ngo reprieve and from our more in sweden via skype from nancy senior nonresident fellow and get planty council a warm welcome to you all now. but let me start with you this saudis sort of gave an admission of error without going into too much details of what happened or who they were targeting do you see that as genuine well i mean i think regardless if it is genuine or not genuine i think the point is that they that there was and there was an investigation despite that in the past they said that the strike was a was justified and was. against a against
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a target so i think the importance is that with the mounting pressure on the saudi led coalition eventually they did. they did investigate and admitted that the strike did indeed cause civilian casualties and in this case it was clear i was on a bus full of full of full of children and now what will happen next because of this this investigation i think it's this is where the question lies and i think it's still not clear there has been pressure even from the trump ministration for the first time when john mather said that not necessarily his support for the coalition is basically not necessarily unconditional so i think there are there is mounting pressure and i think the attempts is also not of to for the u.n. envoy not to fail in his attempts for the coming peace round of peace talks in
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geneva. but i'm not sure how far can you go well a frog the saudis also say that they will hold accountable who contributed to this error but isn't that a way of sort of absolving the leadership from any wrongdoing and trying to pin it on maybe one or a small group of individuals just a painkiller we've seen this from the saudi led coalition and other crimes so the school attack is not the only crime that was committed thankfully because it was recorded on video and also it was followed by a report from the you and the panel of experts but. nothing has ever been done and nothing followed this amount of pressure or this can diminish in or admit the saudi led coalition admitting their wrong doing nothing concrete has ever
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been done after such a trend of condonation so i think we need to pressure governments and allies of the saudi led coalition for the. saudi arabia and united arab emirates and the i mean u.k. and the the u.s. they have to be directly in war in pressuring. the saudi led coalition in order to find a peace process and the war words and comden condemnation never really materialized in yemen justice never been served to the victims and nothing has ever been done well bill i think that's what human rights watch is actually arguing in this latest statement that if you want to stop the atrocities in yemen then western powers should start to stop selling weapons to disavow these one might argue is that really feasible. do you think it's realistic in any shape or form well i think it's
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not only realistic but actually legally necessary i mean if you have a military partner who consistently conducts on lawful attacks some of which appear to amount to work crimes again and again and again and you argue like the u.s. has actually argued that selling the saudi led coalition more weapons will reduce civilian casualties it is extremely hard to take that statement at face value but it's not just a question of is it politically feasible it's legally required because if you continue to supply somebody who is conducting unlawful attacks with knowledge of that you also could be responsible criminally for for complicity in the in those unlawful attacks so the united states the united kingdom and france need to stop immediately they need to they need to have stopped already so we need to stop more atrocities from happening and in addition to that we need justice for the victims
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barat the attack on a school bus is a tragic one but it wasn't the first one and one could even probably say it won't be the last one where you would have in this in civilian as dying because of this war calling for investigations doesn't really change anything underground really it's a completely there's two separate dynamics there you have the fighting and then you have what the international community is trying to do which probably from a yemeni perspective might sound like a lot of words and no action. well i mean i think the the investigations. or forming any new macan isms in the too soon to investigate what's happening in yemen is only effective of how much actually the fighting parties are willing to cooperate and how much are they willing to to engage with with such
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with such a process and i think it is unfortunate for us as yemen is that it comes at a situation where the first of all the security council is quite divided over many matters just yemenis it becomes becomes in the on the side venture over this ongoing conflict happening at the international level and also i think for example when the constant argument of arms of arms sales to the saudi arabia this is a very very small parts of the of the of the of the of the narrative it doesn't help. to portray this entire conflict as this is a saudi war led on them or in on on yemen but this regard that the civil war that was happening even before as a result of the coup that they staged along with the help of the former with the former president but between all of those for example the whose leaders have been
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sanctioned yet it has. been sanctioned even by the security council but actually had little effect on their ability to move and their ability actually to bring in more weapons into the country the u.s. also considered this as this is part of a big picture because the if these do. help iran in increasing its influence in the region and at the same time you have you have the saudis trying to push back the push back to seize so the discussion really about what's happening in yemen the civil war that's happening in yemen and the transitional period that followed the arab spring. becomes just a side talk to everything that's going on the bigger picture if you'd like to if you'd like to say well are afraid just want to touch on what you said earlier because i mean there's been. disallowed acknowledgement earlier there was a un report. stating that war crimes have been perpetrated in yemen by all sides now human rights watch has a report and it has been going on for
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a few years so the intention of underlining the horrors of what's happening in yemen is there but what is lacking is there a mechanism that doesn't exist or is it difficult to actually implement that mechanism so if you talk to an ordinary yemeni who is facing you know their speakable human suffering and yemen they literally lost any hope or faith in the international community or international humanitarian law was because none of that has ever been you know of the interest of yemenis the when the war started the sodium led coalition mobilized states at the u.n. security council and came into giving legitimacy to their intervention in yemen so we saw an international can isn't being you know in effect. to wage a war but when let's take the u.n.
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panel of experts when the u.n. human rights human rights council tried to establish this international committee independent international committee committee to go and investigate the war crimes in yemen it took it like attempts and three rounds of you know voting. member states because the u.s. and u.k. . started the voting in the beginning in the second time and then the third time so it seems like. yemenis or any kind of advocacy trying to end the war and using international mechanism you have to fight two hundred percent in order to get not just ten percent and that's with making you know the true long of the war and the poor long of the suffering and people reading lost hope and that's a pattern actually it happens in many conflicts around the world the u.n.
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spotless several significant reports on conflicts a recent one for example recommended top military figures in myanmar be investigated for the genocide in the rock and state and in the war in syria the acid government has been accused of using chemical weapons on a number of occasions south sudanese government forces and its allies were accused of potential war crimes for a campaign of rape and killing that targeted civilians in opposition held villages and one of the most controversial you and reports was by judge richard goldstone covering israel's attack on gaza in two thousand and eight report accuse both hamas and israel of war crimes and deliberately targeting civilians well bill human rights watch and are due again as they should also have a very detailed reports from around the world but it seems that each time you guys come up with such a report the response from the various government is either that they're protecting
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their national interest or outright accusing such organizations of wanting to create chaos in the country of lions and in some cars case even that you workers are spies in between brackets that must meet make it very difficult for you it is difficult and i should say it's difficult for us who have the relative luxury of being an international human rights organization think of how much more difficult and dangerous it is for human rights organizations on the ground in yemen. who go and do this work day in day out they try to be impartial and independent very great risk to themselves and they have to do that their job is absolutely crucial because . other other organizations amnesty international human rights watch it's very difficult for us to get into yemen to get on the ground this is one reason why countries around the world have gone to support an extension of the mandate of the
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united nations inquiry it's independent it's a political it looks at violations by both sides it's absolutely true that the who the side has also committed very serious violations but despite all of the frustrations i should say there have been some positive steps and i'm talking about weapons supplies from other countries germany. norway have cut off weapon supplies to the coalition other countries like sweden and belgium have limited them or only licensing them on a case by case basis that's even further evidence to show that the united kingdom's in the united states continuing enthusiastic supply of weapons to military partners who have shown again and again that they're going to use those weapons and kill civilians irresponsibly in the not investigate there's no excuse for that continued weapon supply and it has to stop well i guess that's the core of the issue here how
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to arbitrate between the national interest of a country in this case for example selling weapons and a reality underground now but let me put that question for you this saudi have been a very good let's say at could surely the message coming out of yemen ever is this war started they know exactly who goes in and who comes out of the country and they make it extremely difficult for journalists and n.g.o.s so how much do we actually really know about what happens there and the extent of the abuses that happens probably that happened probably on a daily basis on this of it. i mean i quite quite disagree actually the messaging that has been coming out of yemen really doesn't help the saudis. for for many reasons i think first of all that the saudis haven't been able to convince the public if you'd like to say i wouldn't said i got an international level but
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special especially public opinion here at the u.k. or at the united states where actually they are who supply those those weapons that actually they are doing a good job in a good job in yemen but i think quite quite quite the opposite who sees have been able to hide behind this this fact and actually the also the fact that the saudi arabia hasn't don't have a good record in promoting human rights principles and democracy in in in general but that actually did help the who he is to hide behind that fact and commit more atrocities inside yemen and other than that also it was able enable them actually to hide the cause of the conflict which is the coup that started in september two thousand and two thousand and fourteen today i think hardly anyone mention mention that that coup or actually what would happen to the to the to the yemeni people the the international mccann isms again i think sometimes they are necessary or
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sometimes it is important to put pressure as we saw with the coalition for example finally admitting to this specific specific incident but there is also a lot of a lot of a lot of limitations i mean international investigations or committees formed to in during the times before don't have actually a good record around around around the war they are only good when if you'd like to say after the conflict is over after the the warring parties come maybe to the to the table and finalize a finalize a deal but during the the conflict saudi arabia if you didn't buy weapons from. the united kingdom it would go to the united states and if even the united states stopped it could go to other places russia is willing to sell as much as well weapons if not more to the to the to the to the saudis and imagine like if three years and you're only able to convince germany and belgium and sweden to stop
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weapons how many years you'd like to come and how many years you you would want actually to stop the arms flow going to the who's these are actually get their weapons from iran and the and the russians and they're really not really committed to international international norms so i think all of this is put in stake here for the united states is that actually. if it doesn't support what it considers one of its most important allies in the region that would directly benefit the iranians at this this is the thinking of some of the policy makers in d.c. and when you reflect that at the security council it does create a security council a council that is very much divided about the situation in in i just wondering why i don't think i'm sorry to jump in we were talking earlier about conflicts elsewhere i mean i read a few here. there is a pattern yes there are investigations yes people or if she chooses all governments
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are found guilty but we haven't really seen anyone who actually facing justice. or maybe some in africa would argue actually the international criminal court is only there for them what what mechanism can we have i mean for example. at the moment no one is being held accountable or not is being held accountable yes but no one is facing justice for anything i think that's that's that's something i mean there is no such of limitations but actually a lot of the a lot of international law is also like it's accumulation of practice. whether you like it or not the states do learn from each other so when people don't see that actually there has been accountability held in one part of the world that does have its effect on other and other parts of fragile want to bring into this conversation and briefly. this idea of holding. people or entities
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accountable i mean i think some would feel quite comfortable even if there's a damning report that comes out they know that it's an up and out cry it will come in to all go and nothing will happen isn't that a bit one of the biggest issues here i'm very proud this a mistake when it comes to bringing justice and you know support in individuals or groups or governments accountable to the crimes and atrocities committed in yemen but the question now is were ok what is the alternative it is to. do diplomacy and finding any sort of peace process and again as i said and the beginning of the program we need to include american and british diplomacy directly involved in creating peace process in yemen
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and not just leave it to the u.n. special envoy i really appreciate his efforts and the way he's trying to be inclusive and comprehensive to the different dynamics of the conflict in yemen but we need to feast on the big elephant in the room. and that is there are super powers that are responsible for the tragedy and yemen and they have to come and fix it so i think really and then all around the world and in many conflicts people will also blame it on. other superpowers depending where you are but bill at the end of the day your job is very important in at least the document's or what's going on usually conflicts end up with peace talks and most of this these horrors just get brushed under the table is that a huge issue why at the end of the day you never have
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a real and two conflicts in this and they keep on simmering because there is no accountability there is no reconciliation after that it makes it very difficult to face the future. yes absolutely i mean unfortunately real truth and reconciliation and accountability after conflict is often the exception rather than the rule if we don't however continue to do investigations as the conflict is raging even if there is no justice at the moment there will never be a possibility of justice in the future and if we're talking about criminal justice it can take a long time it will not reach most perpetrators but we have seen examples of course where very high level perpetrators have been put on trial and where human rights organizations have played a role in that it can take you know five ten fifteen years after the fact but human rights watch for example has been involved in the trials of milosevic and. you know if it wasn't for the documentation of us and local organizations we would never
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have got there i mean what we have got to see. is is and what we have to see is increased pressure from the populations of countries like the united states and the u.k. against these continued weapon sales that are happening in their name and we are actually seeing a bit of movement on that issue in the united states congressional resolutions against arms sales to saudi arabia haven't succeeded but they have gained more support than we have seen for restrictions on weapon sales to many other countries we're not there yet but this is not the time to give up we have to keep the pressure on well certainly put it people living in those conflict zones as a certain degree of frustration because they'd like to see these investigations taken further but we have reached the end of our shows or thanks to all our guests bill as veiled but. not so and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and will for
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a discussion go to our facebook page that facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on to. our handle is at a.j. incest stories from the hood of the meat and the whole team here in the uk by for now. unless we have new generations growing up to understand that other nations ship the natural then soon number will nothing last and will suffer primatologist and
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conservationist dr jane goodall told us to al-jazeera. on counting the cost after a week of nafta talks we'll look at the impact donald trump's trade policy is having globally plus why celebrity social media influences have a new set of online followers advertising regulates. counting the cost. of. this is al-jazeera. hello and welcome to this news hour on al-jazeera on come all santamaria here in a state of emergency has been declared in libya's capital tripoli where fighting
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has left at least forty people dead the u.s. plans to cut three hundred million dollars in military aid from pakistan the kucing it of failing to do enough to fight armed groups the guatemalan farm is left with ruined fields of ash and rock to june's volcanic eruption all of that plus. i'm adrian brown in beijing where a major summit is underway to discuss china's deepening economic engagement with africa but this is a relationship about more than just try to find out why. i here on al-jazeera. and i'm tatiana sanchez with all of the day for the eighteenth asian games have come to a cry as well wrap their vent for the last fortnight in indonesia's capital jakarta later this hour. so a state of emergency has been declared in tripoli as armed groups fight for control of libya's capital and its suburbs about forty people have been killed since the
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violence picked up again the few days ago most of it going on in areas south of tripoli this is a complicated story so we want to try to shed some light on exactly what is going on in libya logical starting point is the fall of moammar gadhafi in two thousand and eleven which left libya pretty much in two places two separate governing bodies different locations both asserting control over the entire country and both backed by armed factions you start in the east into broke with the house of representatives that has the backing of the powerful warlord and former general khalifa haftar who still commands loyalty from large parts of the libyan army and then over in the west you've got the capital tripoli and the government of national called the g.n.a.t. this is recognized by the u.n. as the official government of libya but we want to go further into tripoli to look at where the problems are because the g. and i really seems to be losing control pro g.n.a.t.
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forces retreating to the center of tripoli which of course then leaves room for all their rivals to come in and there are a lot of those rivals you've got the seventh infantry brigade and its allies from misrata they now control the airport as well as military camps along the airport road and forces rooms in town of moved in further south into tripoli as well our correspondent mohammed abdul wahid went to one of tripoli's worst hit suburbs and sent us this. this is part of the rocket that killed the two little boys since the beginning of the clashes that broke out a week ago. many civilians were killed by ugandan rockets as the ministry of defense says and as the family members tell us here they're ok but it landed here and killed but there are two songs and you can also see you know there. remains of the explosion here on this wall the. whole.
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team that the market was the explosion was very strong that. was hard to watch here was also destroyed by the explosion. it is a state of panic among civilians especially with random rockets stray rockets landing in densely populated areas and it seems that the government of national court is not a strong enough to put an end to this conflict people here and so many people in tripoli. are blaming the government for not doing enough to stop this conflict i spoke to claudia cassini a little bit earlier a senior at libya analyst of the international crisis group who told us the unrest in tripoli is the product of growing public anger against all the armed groups in the city. one thing that has been building up over the past few months is this
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resentment by the communities outside tripoli so the main cities in this case are. resentment from these communities and their armed groups for their absence from the capital and they say that the armed groups in the capital which are tripoli based armed groups commanded by people who are from tripoli that these groups and their leaders actually control this state and the greater accusation that has been made is that these armed groups are tapping into the state resources and actually calling the shots of what the internationally recognized governments do does so these i'm groups from outside tripoli want to move into the capital they say to get rid of these tripoli armed groups that are dictating the agenda in the capital and on the government they say to end this predation that they are carrying out of the state resources and said create
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a restart of the political roadmap but of course you know these armed groups are very loosely associated with one another they're from different political orientations the group into who has elements from the old gadhafi regime military in the you know armed group from misrata is an islamist leaning armed group and there's no coherent strategy that that they share except for wanting to move into the capital the only power that this government has is first of all dictated by its international recognition so the power that it has in part is linked to the fact that the u.n. security council supports it and key west key countries u.s. u.k. france italy recognize it and have been supporting it throughout these past three years but in terms of power on the ground there are only backers. groups from. pity that i mentioned earlier and few others from western libya they do not control the
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east of the country and there has been growing frustration towards internationally recognized government for its inability to to change the dynamics on the ground it has been you know it's supposed to be a unity government officiates called a government of national accord because it stemmed out of a political negotiation process that was supposed to unify the country but it has been unable to bring together a political unification and military unification it has been unable to improve economic living conditions to other news in the u.s. is pushing ahead with plans to scrap three hundred million dollars in military aid from pakistan washington doesn't think its longtime ally is doing enough to stamp out the groups within its borders groups like the taliban and it may even they think give them safe haven pakistan denies this and points to its long time fight against what it calls extremism short of dominant discussions when u.s. secretary of state mike pump heads to islam about on wednesday to meet new prime
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minister in run come here is more from come on hyder in islamabad. the u.s. should move. that dog start happening and it. will be meeting the pakistani prime minister who had been elected. the new government and already a new direction. in the united states. and all forward. training of military. move coming off to the u.s. . program which had been in place for decades the. idea. the americans are already talking to the taliban directly and it will be important to see what kind of expectations they bring forward as far as bug astonished concern by the new government the americans that the new relationship
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between there has to be based on mutual respect don had already rejected. trump administration. and by. taking dictation from the united states anymore let's talk to dave harder now in washington he was the u.s. assistant administrator and now the managing director of the georgetown strategy group nice to see you dave. it is saying that america first in action you know we're looking from an international perspective here thinking about the u.s. position with all these other countries but from internally within the u.s. is this just the direction the country has taken since trump became president. well it may be and it actually worries me because when we pull out or disengage in pakistan it's clear that both russia and china will be able to fill that void if they decide to do so and what's really concerning is the fact that the united
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states set up a post world war two order that has brought peace and prosperity to the greatest number of people perhaps in in history and now we're beginning to unwind and i think the consequences are unpredictable and dangerous tell me more about the congo i know you said they're unpredictable but tell me about the known consequences of. the i mean south asia has been historically very complicated with rivalries between india and china and as well as pakistan and india and of course you throw afghanistan into the mix now it's true that the pakistan military and i have probably not been the best of actors in stamping out terrorism and creating safe spaces in. their northern regions however with the us out of the mix i think what you could see is just an unrestrained and unconstrained other actors like the
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chinese and the russians and remember it wasn't that long ago that the russians were quite engaged in afghanistan and i think to the detriment. of everybody you know it was just maybe one or two days ago that the u.s. also announced it was cutting back its funding to the palestinian refugee agency for the u.n. i know that's different that's humanitarian aid as opposed to military aid to pakistan however. is it just as important in some ways. well i would agree it is and these are very different age stream so i think that that's important to recognize in the case of and i have long called for a fundamental reordering of and reform and a change to its operation so it's clear that on right needs to do more and better and perhaps dramatically change but what the united states just signaled is that it's turning its back on the palestinian people is undermining israeli security and
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it's sitting influence again in another part of the world in this case in the middle east and will be ceding it to other unpredictable actors including potentially hamas and has a bull. so this is a bit of crystal ball gazing but who's next you know you've had palestine and pakistan now and if you want to go further back there's been this disengagement for all the paris climate of colds for all the trans-pacific partnership from all sorts of things like this nafta or is under review now as well i mean what could be next and i want to add also syria we've showed really pulled back substantially on syria and that's a tough case too because we've spent time and energy and blood and treasure in syria and when we liberate. iraq from isis that's a huge victory for the people that live in america and now when we don't provide the stabilization assistance there we are creating
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a vacuum that isis might be able to fill so i'm not sure what is next necessarily but what deeply worries me is this post world war.


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