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tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  September 7, 2018 12:00pm-12:33pm +03

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turkish president is now in tehran as leaders from russia iran and turkey set to meet as a syrian government offensive moves to recapture the lost rebel stronghold of italy . well again i'm watching al-jazeera live from my headquarters here in doha also coming up talks to end the war in yemen have stalled because the rebels say the been prevented from traveling to geneva for the discussions. a frontrunner in brazil's presidential election is staff at a campaign rally. and will meet palestinian children in the occupied west bank the
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school will soon be demolished by the israeli authorities. presidents of iran russia and turkey are due to meet in the coming few hours in tehran for what could be a decisive summit in syria's seven year war they're there to discuss the last remaining rebel held province russia iran and syria have threatened an all out assault against armed groups based there despite fears of a humanitarian disaster however they say they are open to surrender deals from so-called moderate groups turkey which borders back some of the opposition fighters wants to have a military action is fearful of an influx of refugees from the northwestern syrian province the u.n. envoy says panic is spreading among the three million people who live there many fled to it live from other areas of fighting during the war the u.n. . envoy to syria stephan de mistura says all efforts must be made to avoid
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a humanitarian catastrophe we have three correspondents joining us live again this half hour stephanie deca is on the turkey syria border chalons is standing by for us in moscow first though let's go to zain bus ravi in tehran zain how much wriggle room all the iranians prepared to put on show here i mean are they prepared to move across those well established red lines well you know just a few moments ago we saw the turkish president step off the plane and it's probably those very issues that he will be discussing within this hour with his counterpart president hassan rouhani now before the summit began this morning before his arrival this morning we had some idea of what they might be discussing what iran may be putting to the leaders of russia and turkey during this summit a top aide from the foreign ministry said that the three leaders are expected to
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sign an agreement talking about their ongoing military involvement in syria and of course for turkey who hosts the largest number of syrian refugees of the three countries meeting today for them what military action continues to happen on the ground and displace syrian people is of great concern as you said the other points they'll be discussing are the rights of return for those refugees many of whom are in turkey and of course they'll also be forming a committee they say to investigate people who were arrested and have gone missing during this eight year long war now before this summit about a week before we heard from aid groups who've been warning believers of these countries that as they carry on charting the future course for syria as a country they need to keep in mind and do better with regards to civilian spaces and preserving human life. the world is not doing enough to help people displaced by war that was the message during a visit by the un high commissioner for refugees legal ground he was into ran to
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meet with foreign minister zarif and other senior leaders his trip just days before the presidents of iran russia and turkey hold three party talks into iran i have just been to syria so i reported back to. the government of the about my observations. first and foremost especially in my meeting with minister saadi we spoke about our concerns about it lip. it is clear that the risks of a military confrontation causing massive loss of life. this is is is very high and i told ministers that he thought that my appeal just like the u.n. secretary general and others is let's minimize let's. get these to the parties but then to minimize the loss of life or grandy said syrian refugees who wonder if it's safe to go home are watching how the conflict plays out in its final
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stages it could send a message of confidence he said or not. in the last few days the kremlin has labeled it live province a hotbed of terrorists that requires action. syrian government forces backed by russian airpower have been moving into the area and armed groups fighting president bashar al assad are preparing for their last stand for damascus a decisive victory in adlib would book and a brutal civil war for to her on that would mean going from the expensive task of supporting an ally in large scale military operations to the more lucrative work of reconstruction. after a surprise visit to damascus earlier this week iran's foreign minister said rebuilding syria is an opportunity for iranian companies but preserving life is still a priority of shadow it that it shadow it the conditions in it layup are sensitive we're trying to deal with the situation there and expel terrorists with the least
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humanitarian costs we had talks in turkey today and in a way also held talks in syria with the high ranking officials. want to use. of the three countries due to meet into iran turkey is the only one hosting large numbers of syrian refugees ungar a support some of the armed fighters in a globe and is worried a military solution will mean more displaced civilians now over the eight years of this conflict an estimated half a million people more than half a million people at least have been killed in syria a groups also estimate that eleven million people are either displaced internally or living as refugees outside the country so as these world leaders come together in tehran to discuss things like refugees returning and reconstruction the reality on the ground is that the people who lived in the cities that these men mean to rebuild well their lives are still very much at risk zain thanks very much stephanie correspondent today in re homily on the turkey syria border stuff clearly
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damascus wants to win this conflict but their reality of that as far as the turkish humanitarian effort is concerned i mean the stakes couldn't be much higher. absolutely and many people will tell you that they believe if there is an all out miniature fence of on it live it will be the worst that this war have seen and that is saying something damascus has made it very clear it wants to take it live back but it was of course the place where all the fighters of all these other areas that the government has taken back of the last couple of years and also internally displaced people have come to to relative safety let's put that in quotation marks because there have been air strikes on the province over the years that is it live right behind us those are that's at my camp the biggest count belong the border with turkey around eight hundred thousand people are living in those kinds of conditions along this border turkey's borders are closed they don't want any more refugees inside turkey as they mentioned it is the country that hosts the largest
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amount over three million around three and a half million so what they're doing at the moment is establishing more tents inside syria humanitarian corridors that will perhaps lead to areas controlled by turkey in the north but that comes with its own dynamic so what they're trying to do is to make this perhaps some kind of limited offensive where the targets will be groups like. formerly known as in this refund associated with al qaeda but of course the bigger question again peter is that damascus want to take back the entire province in their eyes any of the armed opposition needs to go so this is being discussed at the negotiating table i think the ground will tell us over the next few days what's been decided steph thanks very much chalons joins us live as well from moscow story as far as mr putin concerned i mean explicitly and publicly is the line that these discussions today look we want to see nothing else nothing short of a military victory for bashar al assad and that means you take it live. well
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basically you know the russian position as it has always been is that damascus president assad is the legitimate government of syria and therefore the people who are moving against him will have moved against him over the past seven years of this conflict are essentially terrorists or little better than terrorists there was not much credence given in moscow at the beginning of this conflict to the idea that some are moderate opposition groups and some are more hardline opposition groups basically russia has long considered them pretty much the same deal so yes russia's position is that damascus has to reassert control over as much of the country as it can it has a different perspective from damascus about how exactly that should be done so i
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think damascus has been more brutal more hardline in its approach to this conflict than moscow has moscow has to listen to the concerns of countries like turkey is trying to build up a kind of coalition of sorts that's what we're seeing at the moment meeting in tehran this kind of standoff formats. a coalition of regionally interested powers that want to see this conflict wound down to be concluded so russia has to listen to turkey out of course it has to listen to iran's concerns bartz moscow is the preeminent military and diplomatic power in this conflict in this kind of intense crucible of ryall policy it has carved itself out that position it doesn't have everything its own way though it has to listen to these other countries and it also has to take into account turkey's belief that
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this is an honest. an assault on lib a full bore assault on ad lib would be a catastrophe and russia at the moment is trying to find some sort of middle way between the demands of ankara and the demands of damascus rory thanks very much moving on thousands of yemenis sitting taking part in antigovernment protests over the increasing cost of living. blocks and tires were burnt in the port city of aden protesters are angry because the government has failed to pay salaries for more than a year demonstrations were also held in other towns around the government held south of the country. and although it comes as talks in geneva aimed at ending the war have hit a problem before they've even begun with the rebels haven't managed to travel for negotiations with representatives of the yemeni government they see the need the permission of the saudi and the rotty coalition because they control the airspace
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david chaytor has the story. the u.n. special envoy spent the morning in talks with the yemeni government delegation at their hotel in geneva but the rebel delegation still on the ground in yemen we are here to put something to the end of their yemeni suffering and but who are these proves that they don't want peace they don't believe in peace the u.n. special envoy for the yemen here in geneva is still trying to square all these very difficult diplomatic circles but he does hope still that there is a chance for these peace consultations to go ahead but it's not known how long the patience of either the hutus all the government will last. a tweet from the leader of the peace dedication mohammed abdulsalam in the yemeni capital of sana'a didn't simplify the problems the hooty delegation does not have an airplane so it cannot get authorized by the saudi alliance which also needs a u.s.
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authorization the united nations has asked for our participation in the geneva consultations the u.n. must address the americans and the british and deal with that hundreds of yemenis were back on the streets for the fourth successive day to denounce rising prices and the collapse of the local currency. it's now estimated more than eight million people in yemen are on the brink of starvation effects on young children can be seen clearly at this malnutrition clinic in sana their lives like the peace talks are hanging in the balance and david joins us live now from outside one of the hotels where one of the delegations is staying live for us this in geneva david even before the who sees couldn't get there they may be there in the coming hours or days what with the chances of a sit down face to face and breakthrough meeting. well that's
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a good question at the moment as far as the special envoy is concerned he just wants to get them into the same building the u.n. headquarters in geneva it seems very unlikely at this early stage in this effort to revive the peace process that will actually meet face to face but just getting in the same building is even proving hard enough at the moment but i do want to say the update that we got from the u.n. briefing here in geneva was in geneva was very very brief it said that the confidence building measures were discussed with the yemeni government delegation who are staying at this hotel behind me in the at port and that was a very important part of the process to try and reestablish trust between the two sides but most importantly i actually spoke to the just spoken to the yemeni government a spokesman for the delegation here and how many said that the people
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that the rebel delegation of trying to put on the plane include members of his and other members iranian forces who've been training the militia over the last three years and that clearly is not acceptable to them not just a case of wounded fighters or civilians being taken to amman for treatment but they're attempting to get members of the iranian forces who been inside yemen on the side guiding them healthy them training them and that is why it's so on acceptable to them so more details about exactly what's happening and perhaps a better explanation of why days this difficulty trying to get clearance from the saudi led coalition to get that act off to take off so this is a very difficult situation at the moment to have to resolve that issue that has to be some movement on the rebel delegation side if they are to get that play. because it's unacceptable to the saudi late edition for those hezbollah fighters to be on
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that flight out of the hutu controlled areas david you'll keep us posted i'm sure in the meantime thanks very much. iraqi parliament has called an emergency session for saturday to discuss violent protests in the city of basra at least eleven people have been killed since monday people are demonstrating against government corruption and a lack of basic services and follows weeks of protests in july that spread across a number of southern provinces. a school for palestinian children in the occupied west bank has shuttle to be demolished by israel next week it could be just the first of up to forty to be bulldozed israel's looking to make way for illegal settlements burnat smith went to meet peoples and teachers in the bedouin village of qana lara. one day soon on their way to school these palestinian children expect to find their path blocked by israeli police and bulldozers they'll
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be no warning it could happen any time after the next six days. israeli supreme court judges have ordered the demolition of my school along with the adjacent bedouin village the judges say that can be no more appeals. i've been very tense i couldn't work out a bit paranoid and very stressed i didn't take it well it's a huge responsibility i haven't slept it's too much how will the kids learn. the school was built by an italian charity nine years ago that educates around one hundred eighty pupils from nearby bedouin communities mrs a hiker says she could never really believe the demolition would actually happen well i won't be here doing this i said they'll never demolish the school i thought maybe they transfer one of the communities it never occurred to me that they would demolish a school because every child has a right to education and she thinks most children won't go to where the schools because they're too far away the mother has to cover the closest school is far and
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my parents are scared to let me go because of the highway or probably end up tending the sheep but i want to come to school and i want to study when i grow up i want to be a dentist but now i end up tending sheep the palestinian education ministry has told the staff not to prepare to move not to pack up not to move the furniture the school the ministry says must continue teaching until the very last minute the land the school is built on is wanted by israel to expand illegal settlements near occupied east jerusalem and hands up how many more schools are under threat of destruction in the occupied west bank around forty says the charity save the children which it says is a breach of internationally recognized provisions to protect schools in conflict areas bernard smith al-jazeera. germany's chancellor is using meet the french president in mass in the south of france to discuss migration policy today
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angela merkel has faced political problems to mystically after taking in more than a million refugees since the height of the migration crisis in twenty fifteen several countries have tightened their border controls since then many migrants are arriving on the coast of spain hoping to travel north however their explains from the french spanish border they are meeting unexpected hurdles at the foot of the pier unease in the basque country and estrie divides northern spain from south western france a lush landscape and now a new frontline in europe's migration crisis last year less than ten migrants a day came to the spanish town of iran hoping to reach france now it's near a forty ever is part of a growing network of volunteers helping new arrivals their own. we're driving around iran the last spanish town before the border with france and we're looking for people who've just arrived from the south of spain to give them some
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information. these men from the camorra silence in the indian ocean have tried to reach france the volunteers offer advice and a place at their shelter it's a bit of comfort far from home most here are from francophone africa sean claude is an engineer from cameroon after several attempts to cross the border he's given up his dream of a job in france. i thought it would be in eldorado but then you realize life is tough everywhere your family back home in africa calls you to help them but you can't your relatives put themselves in debt to send you your the big hope but if you can't satisfy their expectations it's hard it weighs on you you're in an empty place and finally you think you should have stayed in africa africa france recently toughened its immigration law and increased police border checks migrants are regularly sent back to spain for many people in this region the situation is an echo of their own past in one nine hundred thirty six during the spanish civil war
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a battle in iran led hundreds of people to flee their homes across this river to seek refuge in france. sat on a beach in a foreign country spanish refugees watched their town burn either how the communist party in the love they gave her they can at that see fortunately there are some people here who are aware that some people have to leave their countries for safety or to have a better life in this region we have our past in our history and they had left their mark on us. so far european leaders have failed to agree on a common approach to migration but most countries want tighter borders while doors are closing across the block here in iran there are some people trying to keep them open natascha butler al jazeera iran spain. let's take you back to tehran the venue for that summit between the russian leader the turkish leader and the iranian leadership as well as they try to plot
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a course forward towards peace and diplomacy in the syrian conflict offset against the reality of the reality is this bashar al assad wants to win the war point number one point number two that means he wants to take it live of course there are vested interests in play within this triangular relationship iran wants to maintain its foothold exactly where it is turkey which backed the opposition forces against bashar al assad well it's worried that big numbers bigger numbers of refugees will try to get away from any military offensive that may just be around the corner russia on the one hand wants to maintain a regional presence on the other hand it publicly and explicitly wants to get to a situation of peace on the ground in syria we've been getting quotes just in the past few minutes from a senior advisor to mr one saying that iran summit can produce peace and reconciliation if needs be but for russia and iran both allies of the government in damascus taking it live again is crucial to finishing off what will be perceived as
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the final stage in a military victory if you've been following the conflict in syria you'll know that for the past what three or four months maybe analysts of what's going on in syria have all been saying the same thing bashar al assad has almost won almost the use of the word almost might disappear if he takes it lead successfully the consequences of that of course would be an even bigger humanitarian disaster on the ground on the border between turkey and syria mr putin there inside that the city is a limousine on his way to those heavy hitting talks in tehran. a stabbing suspects being questioned in brazil after injuring a presidential election candidate doctors say joey boll sinatra is in a grave but stable condition the prominent far right candidate has angered many with racist and homophobic comments his gabriel is on them. it was an attack that happened fast joe bosso maddow on
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a brazil's top presidential candidates carried on the shoulders of his supporters at a campaign rally in his july state in south eastern brazil and then he was stabbed by someone in the crowd. cell phone video from various angles capture him clutching his abdomen and paying his supporters rushed him into a waiting ambulance and made panic and confusion. here arrived at a local hospital in grave condition with a stab wound that punctured his liver and other organs after four hours of emergency surgery he was stabilized doctors say he'll spend at least a week in the hospital but is expected to make a full recovery the assailant a middle aged man was immediately arrested his motives remain unclear brazil's president quickly condemned the attack my use to prevail or. this reveals too is something that raises awareness because it's intolerable in. a pool
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released this week showed both. all other eight eligible candidates ahead of the october seventh vote also not always a far right politician who like in some self to donald trump person adds detractors say he's homophobic racist and sexist. but his campaign message of cracking down on crime and violence has won him loyal supporters and a lead in the polls but because he's so controversial he's going to often wear a bulletproof vest at campaign events but it does not appear he was wearing one on wednesday when he was stabbed tables on dough dizzied a. trace of being planted at the world's largest refugee camp in an attempt to avoid an environmental disaster now running of families who fled to bangladesh for me in mopping emptying forests for firewood so they can cook. has that story for us
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from cox's piss off in cox's bazaar bangladesh it's not just a humanitarian crisis that's unfolding an environmental one is to that's why today in the could to prolong refugee camp brock a local ngo is overseeing the planting a tree. tells me this initiative is one part of a larger effort to help this landscape recover and recounts how things got so dire . what is did. after the rohingya came to this country to far as charity got destroyed if we look at a picture of this area from before august twenty seventh seen we would see lots of green and forest after that when they started to build houses and roads that destroyed most of the forest not only that they are cutting down most of the wood to use for cooking just up the road rohinton refugee up dillman none emerges from the forest carrying the wood he's just gathered he explains that this is imperative
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to him and his family that's a lot of it and we don't have stove so it's very hard for us to cook we have to collect this wood so we can eat in nearby checkmark cool refugee camp another effort aimed at preventing more deforestation here the united nations refugee agency is training rohinton refugees how to use the energy efficient stoves they will be given. this pilot project is also distributing liquid petroleum gas or l.p.g. as it's called to thousands of families mikhail eden tells me the equivalent of four football fields of forest is being cut down daily because refugees need cooking fuel refuges are using firewood on an efficient and stoves so it produces the recto smoke which is quite unhealthy for the refugees. away. and. protection issues in the past year over seven hundred thousand rohinton
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refugees fled me and mars rock kind state after a crackdown that was launched against them by the military they have settled in neighboring bangladesh where the border town of cox's bazaar has become home to the largest refugee settlement in the world the influx has drastically impacted the landscape for humans as well as animals the location of this camp happens to lie on a migratory route for endangered asian elephants that runs between bangladesh and me and mine now watch towers like the one you see behind me they've been built in key locations here in order to alert refugees if elephants into the area for now at least and despite everyone's best efforts only one thing is certain that the challenges here both humanitarian and environmental will for the foreseeable future continue. at the critical long and chuck markkula refugee camps in cox's bazaar bangladesh eritrea and djibouti have agreed to restore diplomatic ties after
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a decade of tension over a border dispute under simmons has more. it may be an overstatement to describe this as an all out breakthrough between the two small neighboring countries eritrea and djibouti in a long border dispute that goes back to decades but djibouti is foreign minister mahmoud allie use of is describing it as opening a new era in relations he went on to and the message to the people of djibouti eritrea and all in the region is that the horn of africa is heading towards peace in the two decades of tensions between the two countries it nearly led to war in one thousand nine hundred ninety six and twenty ten cats are acted as a mediator and there was a peace deal but it never really settled down there were still strained relations up until now really this all follows on from the entirely separate peace deal between ethiopia and eritrea in july this year after two decades of cold war that
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followed two years of full border war and so reproach small maybe in the air in this region but the border dispute between djibouti and eritrea isn't over until there's a full demarcation deal but things do appear to be moving in the right direction. welcome if you're just joining us you're watching al-jazeera let's just recap your top stories the presidents of turkey iran and russia have now all arrived in tehran for what could be a decisive summit on syria the focus is italy but that's the last rebel held province the u.n. is urging diplomacy to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe the u.s. ambassador to the u.n. is nikki haley she's warning the syrian government against using chemical weapons during any offensive we have a message for the assad regime and anyone contemplating using chemical weapons in
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syria. in the past eighteen months i have stood on this floor twice promising that the united states would respond to the use of chemical weapons in syria both times this is ministration followed through the united states and its allies force the assad regime to pay its price for its crimes so we want to take this opportunity to remind us saddam and his russian and iranian partners you don't want to bet against the united states responding again. the first peace talks for two years between yemeni government leaders and hoofy rebels aren't happening the who thing say they can't get the authorization from the saudi coalition to fly to geneva. meanwhile thousands of yemenis have joined protests against the government for failing to pay their salaries for more than a year roads were blocked in the southern port city of aden similar demonstrations
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were held elsewhere. the suspects being questioned in brazil after a presidential election candidate was stabbed doctors see bilson otto is in a grave but stable condition in hospital the far right candidate is popular in the opinion polls despite racist and homophobic comments the suspect has now been detained and italian court has ordered the seizure of fifty seven million dollars in assets from a governing political party former leaders of the far right league party were convicted of using electoral funds to buy diamonds gold and other luxury items the party is now in government led by the deputy prime minister matteo salvini he says he never saw the missing millions up next it's one a one east all season by.
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al-jazeera. you ran for your. it's in countless products on supermarket shelves around the world. from chocolate and ice cream to soap and shampoo chances are you used palm oil today. in indonesia the world's largest producer companies are acquiring new plantations by any means necessary. it's wreaking havoc on the environment and stripping farmers of their livelihoods. in a line now new.


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