tv The Cure Revisited 2018 Ep 6 Al Jazeera November 7, 2018 12:32pm-1:01pm +03
to try to denuclearize the korean peninsula which helps everyone the remains of our fallen from north korea from korea have been returned this president is sanctioning iran's sanction in russia and needs to pushing back on assad when he gasses his people not once but twice he showed a lot of strength and leadership around the world and many people may not say america first but they say stop apologizing for america else and in america laban somali america have become the first muslim woman elected to the u.s. congress so late to michigan's thirteenth congressional district in a race in which she was the sole major party candidate a group of students abducted from a high school in cameroon on monday they have been prayed seventy eight high school age students their driver and teachers were taken by armed separatists from a presbyterian boarding school in the mend a priest involved in the negotiations says the fighters are still holding holes principal and also one teacher those are the headlines keep it here on al-jazeera much more news to come right now the cure revisited is that. in twenty twenty
tokyo will host the paralympic games with the nation has a troubled history caring for people with disabilities when he examines japan's disability shame on al-jazeera. the health care workers have been trained to defend the text for they touch the skin lightly in the patient adjustable they can feel it. so in some
way could be an organism that's producing the next antibiotics. over the last twenty is mobile for two million people have been cured of lip sync on the number of new detective cases this fall and dramatically but in the last decade progress this fact mated threatening our chances of completely eradicating the disease i'm dr louise gaining and i'm here in cambodia to see how a new is zero transmission strategy is being used to track down and treat potential sufferers in the hope that leprosy can be wiped out old. leprosy is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria mycobacterium left brain the disease spreads in droplets of nasal mucus between people in close and frequent contact it damages peripheral nerves and as the disease progressions nerves swell hands feet
and facial skin become numb and muscles paralyzed leading to deformity. loss of sensation also increases the risk of injury with open wounds often becoming infected leprosy is entirely curable and if treated in the early stages of disability can be averted yet it still affects thousands of people around the world . so i suppose how big a problem is leprosy in cambodia yet they look to see income body was saved by the national leprosy control program saying that their leprosy kumble income body is eliminated say in nineteen ninety seven by the reality we still have many leprosy in combo you why haven't we got rid of that p.c. yet if we've got affective treatment. at facemask another person control program
but their activity is limited. so they cannot access to gold roads you know that's why i didn't touch them. over time patients new sensation in their hands and feet meaning that any cuts and so as they develop a painless if these become infected it committal to the loss of fingers and toes as he's left for a so big oh so right and also maybe today people can still so do most of the show and i'm taking yeah is it painful i could have just had just surgery on thursday yes and. just a little bit of today getting the eggs and walk back to continue my studies to feel good to have freeze over old and to meet me when i make it and we did leg we can miles and yada can you tell us what music you're listening to you are like me
or i'll head off. some camping go wild and you know it's there when feelings tries to go to our all be quiet at night thank you very much and good luck feel leg getting a new leg in that interval that it was used thank you very much. and. i said i said ok. thank you all chain can you show us how leprosy is affected you there was one kid in the. middle seat to the knees. with a chain we can face where that is affected the long in the in the body is cause the toast become amputated because this area gets nothing and then what happens is people damage it just just doing the daily activities walking around and not want to get someone so the damage it self can actually take off the time the person will
be getting married does affect the eyes. frankly were chips and. medicines to cure leprosy are available free of charge all around the world these are provided by pharmaceutical company novartis for the world health organization and have been hugely successful in the fight against leprosy but recently progress has stagnated in june twenty thirty experts from around the world met to develop a new strategy to completely halt the transmission of leprosy the last mai-ling fighting leprosy proved to be the most difficult one what we now do space look at every patient who is diagnosed specially and look up the look of his contacts persons in his family his household the neighbors his colleagues examine them for their procedure and if they do have signs of the procedure opa see they should be
treated fairly with the multi-group terrapins literacy is also very much associated with stigma when you get a diagnosis of leprosy you may be excluded from society completely in some countries or you may lose your job which very often is the case. our plan is to introduce that in several pilot areas in six countries in the world to demonstrate that this is feasible and when we have critical mass of the day we could convince the rest of the world to apply that as well yes and this is what we hope to do. i pay out yearly net to know that means that now but what if you buy it off i guess you might say these guys have health workers and they can go into the local communities and. diagnose a chance to see a hypoxia but they will be at the end go out. new for the new on new examination not in the book i run now which up let me check
the numbers on the key under the mat casing the fifty or so three hundred meters around the house where the person was identified yeah yeah it is reading tracking down that procedure is the how to go through it of the fish and among those that receive them through. to eradicate it i think it's obvious that you don't want to match that particularly when you're. in a country still recovering from civil war and genocide the basic health care provision available means that knowledge about leprosy is limited a key element of the strategy is raising awareness of the disease reducing the stigma surrounding it and informing the communities that the health workers are coming before the contact tracing begins the team put on a festival for the local community so that when it just just getting ready for the field to show where people are going to be told about leprosy and then actually going to announce it and began to speak is going on the next. summer and i come
with you yet really good. to see. that this is fun this is not what i was expecting with ecstasy to be driving along in the bucket over my mom for a program on the phone from one of the problems of fireballs all of them are going to pop out of i don't know about i don't know kind of caught up in what wasn't found out from about i don't know michael but man was i don't think this was each of me something about some of the problem obama obama might have. this is the key elements of the stuff you say oh it's like me i tell people about the show but again that my letters from all of her own heart never mind i would call her a little girl violet girl called or five or whatever haha. i'm amazed by how many people arrive for the show. it really demonstrates the power
of putting on a show and for communities such as this one we. know what. to. do with these shows telling them they should. say is as much information as if you met him i didn't know what was the real one who was who. the little. guy will. give you a little bit more a little under one of the last. night the actors perform parables about leprosy to educate the community about the
reality of the disease and also to inform them about the contact tracing that will take place the next day. we come to. ok happy. we're going to check the. medical make. it. about what did it actually go to. the team doctors at the home of the cured leprosy patient from where they will head out into the surrounding community to trace his contacts to check if anyone has been infected. with the person. hello nice to you it diagnosed five years ago. do you have any symptoms from the leprosy still a min. you know when i taught me i'm one who lives with you at home.
by them and i with three children and with that keep me very busy yes ok. so you have one child affected by let's see my about can we meet your child. oh hello. there i am live rather you need him to be legalized to reach you how do you. do so and when did you get diagnosed. and how did they diagnose you how did they know that you had leprosy. movement. where's that where is the punch can you show us. thank you so it's very it's very very subtle. so the health care workers have been trained how to defend the test for they touch the skin lightly in the patient is asked to report if they can feel
it whether leprosy is the coffee that because the area is now no more fertile now but the team confirms that germany has been entirely cured of leprosy thanks to the medication what do you think might have happened had the health care workers not come to find you and i mean connie do you do you give them yes so this is this is how easy it is to treat leprosy that's no big deal needles this new drips is literally a small pack of pills the patient just keeps in the home just takes one every day and it's free. for more on him you know confronted me. about there were known for me. it was really important and little part of the contact tracing health care i came here had been burned you know there are fine with that even members of the family. name i went around in the area all of them is meticulously. so we're going to cover an area of about three
hundred meters asking to go into the home and examine people looking for the signs lights or just the pale patches or asking if people have symptoms. that they. are out there. right. now but. yet. it was really going to. come in and that. was. actually done live. in the ranks of the one. who lose on the economy and the you some of the union movement. something like that in the night.
and it will. look like. in the same venue is another previous patient who was reexamined to ensure the treatment has been entirely successful here. ok so this is. the person ok when you had your diagnosis of leprosy how were your friends with you that differently with a just the same. get him the job. you know with. your god to move. him a job that he and i have had hope. and does that still happen or are you friends more understanding of the condition now and local law again and how you get the budget corner non-classical overland when i am and i. am with them in. the world on monday
a little. bit here that they have actually just identified. a little area here that you can see on this young man's left leg the top of it he put on the second. day. now local what put it back in america and then someone from down. on you good money going to war and. ram. another on on. the feeling for the nerves on the inside of the arm just by the elbow sometimes they can be with the disease these are the most typical that can be affected. to various noninvasive tests the team finally confirms that prac. so maybe the diagnosis and. this is leprosy.
treatment today starts it today. you know. in this movie in the. mission here is recorded the area of skin that was affected when he saw that it meant to actually that it was. a what's absolutely vital is that this young man's family members the potential contacts with the disease are all recorded on so they can either be checked this day for the health of the visitors come back and check them another day when that will present. a person to live as. early you know disability yeah. he will have this ability so this is the. great news.
means that he can start treatment immediately to cure himself and it's a perfect example of the importance of. the team will continue to go from community to community tracing the contacts of previous patients with this new strategy drugs the hundred must be that one day. from the devastating impact of. one of the greatest challenges facing the world today is the increase. singh ra is of bacteria resistant to antibiotics meaning that even the most common infections could become impossible to treat and taking us into what is being known as a post antibiotic era i'm dr john place and i'm here in norway to join the first part of a worldwide expedition on the hunt for new antibiotics. the pharmacy project is
a collaboration between scientists from across the world the goal is to collect marine organisms from some of the hottest deepest and coldest places on the planet which have never been searched before the hope is to create vital new drugs and antibiotics from them and the project starts here in the fields of norway. funds can you explain to me why is there a name for finding your own body it's been in years since the war seven years ago and already a lot of people are immune to pencil in order different at their belt explain how more and more people die of the full force of infection with antibiotics but by killing or preventing growth of bacteria by breaking down the cell walls or interfering function synthesis but over time bacteria can build a natural resistance this is drastically celebrated when they are misused such as when we don't finish our prescription the surviving bacteria will then be produced
with inbuilt resistance to that antibiotic. runs his hope is that the incredible marine life here will provide solutions to this problem but in organists they have the main story a better move to get there though infection so we can isolate the not trying to avoid things they produce we can maybe produce a new antibiotic for human years yeah it's a long process and it takes many years but. it must be done. the team on board the helm hunts and will be trolling organisms. from the bottom of the sea as well as sending out dive teams to hand-pick marine life from the sea floor. eighty miles north of the arctic circle marine life that can survive under these conditions will hopefully have the right properties to become the basis of new antibiotics.
why do you think in this environment so this seems to be the key findings and you want to kill them and by months have. you finally shifted away from the stream of these small that know you must also use these all it's. extremely far just as we. have through evolution adaptive suppression of cyclists at the organist's further so long as. you have large amounts of organists higher diversity there must compete for space. so they can compete for example by reducing deterrence chemicals right lol a little bit species. turns out this song will. take
everything back to the bio have a look at them closer look. at this time of year is part of norway doesn't get dog meaning that for three weeks the team will be working for twenty four hours a day. writing. what i mean. once the organisms are collected the team in the on board lab arrange them into species ready to be sent ashore and see what we've got. hold of some interesting stuff. to start with. i do it's just kind of did i mention mobile space rich harbors just like you're going to need to separate everything out it's really tedious we're. here we also have some new difference on people's hearts just with your bare bones through filler to get blisters really so these guys must produce
a lot of interesting chemicals as well then they would just put everything on the table you take the poison with thank you intel on the new guy. and. the civil lawyers see stores so lovely all of the time consuming work here with separate thing i love with takes to go through this system to do the fine work and drive them along with it with a month to start here. so in some way i could be an organism that's producing the next thing maybe maybe this petri dish as it. is hope so. the species are taken to the state of the art lab at the university of trauma. on my hard resume i'm joe five bucknell. as you can see this is a good start so i well that's what he is doing now is kind of catching up or simply
just cutting up with office shifts thing i want to freeze try the sample. this it's is somewhat dense the system and this is the stuff fish ground up and you know how the lovely microorganisms such as plankton which are also collected on the boat need to be cultivated in the lab to create enough quantities to analyze what we have here this is where we have a full ethanol are on the chemical and extract that's a said the good the molecules go but the end up with a few rolls. so the psystar is knowing that you inside one of these test teams could be a new drug a new antibiotic or even the first thing that we need. such wrong or are we going to do next with these samples were going through what you say screamed. we want a final good activities we have been doing this for samples. but this is
a robot which actually produced all the screening. bacteria in one of them solution on the comedy extract in your one and always thought of mixing them and so if you find that one of those samples has killed the bacteria in your petri dish what's the next stage or do well the next thing is that to find out which of the mold cures are actually the factor one against the bacteria just finding the active molecule is a painstaking process and even when one is found the scientists have to make sure it isn't an existing antibiotic. trying for free work what is the dream what it would do you hope to come out of this whole process well done that we can come up with some new molecules active against bacterial been more and more bacteria are develop resistance ability and that's a big challenge for the i mean for the whole world world the
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