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tv   Ghana Controversial  Al Jazeera  August 24, 2019 9:00am-10:01am +03

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ever since trump took office the issue of climate has been one that's cause divisions that global summits it may well again be 6 vs one with president macro and the canadian prime minister justin trudeau leading calls for the thousands of fires burning in the amazon to be treated as an international crisis james bays al-jazeera the ritz. now the japanese government says north korea has hod what appears to be 2 missiles that into the sea off its east coast south korean military officials say the launches happened on saturday morning nia song dot and south province japan says they caused no damage and didn't land and japanese territorial waters the japanese coast guard is warning ships to steer clear of any debris in the area well let's get more on this now we're joined by mason ritchie is a professor of international relations at home cook university of foreign studies and he's joining us from the south korean capital seoul very good to have you with
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us on is there a start another day another missile launch by the north koreans what are they trying to do here. well we should always remember that when north korea carries out . they're always overdetermined they have more than one cause so we'll hear certainly that there's messaging involved with a possible a coming restart of negotiations with the u.s. over the nuclear ization i would also argue that they're simply testing the deployment in the fielding of no operational capabilities we're not sure what it is yet could be the case 23 could be a c.m.s. systems could be something else we don't know yet we'll find that out later but there's also of course internal messaging as well this is a way for kim jong un to send a message to his military that even though diplomacy may be ongoing commitment also still values his military and their capabilities right and it's interesting timing because it comes a day off to south korea decided to actually end this intelligence sharing pact
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with japan because of tensions between the 2 countries yeah that's correct there's certainly a sort of wink and a nod to that in the. agreement between japan and south korea that underscores i think the fragility of the alliance between the u.s. south korea and japan and that's obviously something that i think i'm going on wants to remind everyone of the you know he's happy about how this worked out. because ultimately. the south koreans and the japanese vie the south koreans ending this intelligence sharing pact with the japanese that is the north koreans who benefit from this lack of cooperation between those 2 u.s. allies is it not. yeah that's correct and it's a sign of fragility between the u.s. south korea alliance even though south korea and the u.s. may spin it differently. that's simply not the case it is
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a sign of friction or at least the differences of perception of interest between the u.s. and south korea that redounds the benefit of going on and of course also beijing estimation we thank you for your time on this that mason richie live and self thank you. still ahead on the bulletin the syrian government ramps up its offensive retaking towns lost to rebels early in the war. and russia's president wants his military to pair a symmetrical response off the u.s. decision to test fire a nuclear capable missile. hello there pretty good case guys across much of central and eastern china at the moment however that is about to change just massive cloud you can see here this is
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a tropical storm by lou now preparations already in place across much of taiwan this is taipei the river all these paddle boats are being brought in for safety because this storm is heading in that general direction the rain is beginning to really impact much of taiwan through friday into saturday this is a storm here right now winds at about 85 kilometers an hour gusting to $100.00 but it is forecast to strengthen before it actually makes landfall that will be happening throughout south a day it will spread the rain over city really quite widespread across much of taiwan but also push into the eastern sections of china into fusion province they will keep an eye on this storm system but we could see winds gusting about 140 kilometers an hour to the south away from that we have got the rails he still impacting in the philippines from that storm system rain showers and cloud across much of borneo a similar story really across much of the ryman a peninsula it's funny a way to end the weekend 30 celsius a piece there in k.l. and singapore plenty of rain across central and eastern sections of india the india met office of our she got the warnings in place for additional states as we go
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through saturday that's where the heaviest rain will be but more rain in the forecast into carola but a dry couple days new delhi with a high for the teacher. who has a sponsor down. 67 where. that spelled promise for one. disaster or another. the bled to the establishment of a jewish homeland at the expense of the palestinians. the story of the british declaration that changed the middle east power for seeds of discord on al-jazeera.
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there's a problem and these are the top stories this hour brazilian president job olsen allah says he'll send the army to fight the fires in the amazon rain forest he blamed dry than usual weather for the spike and the french president has threatened to block a trade deal between the european union and south america and brazil doesn't do more to protect them and it's and. us president donald trump says he'll again raise tariffs on chinese imports as follows beijing announcing plan tariffs on $75000000000.00 worth of u.s. goods the japanese government says north korea has fired what appears to be 2 missiles into the sea off its east coast south korean military officials say the launches happened on saturday morning the a song dog in south hong kong province. now the syrian government has seized a pocket of rebel territory in the northwest reclaiming towns last early in the war
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the most recent offensive intensified in late april hundreds of people have been killed the northwest corner is all that remains in rebel control after more than 80 years of war but in smith reports from talking a near the syria turkey but what are. those. family thought they'd found somewhere to stay a landowner move them all this is how it's been for hundreds of thousands of syrians throughout the 7 years civil war traveling further further north to escape the fighting. displacement is never ending i never expected to be in this situation no one knows what will happen next the fighters don't seem to know if they should advance or that it runs on the. the traffic is mostly one way as people head away from the advancing government forces towards the last rebel stronghold of italy a province the syrian regime now controls all of the countryside in hama province south of it after taking over with the russian help the last villages and towns
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that had been in rebel hands it's all happened under the noses of turkish soldiers they're behind this wall in one of a dozen observation posts established to monitor what is supposed to be deescalation zone. is more than you don't know the lowest mark of the hour observation posts are not besieged the end nobody can besiege out troops or observation posts i want to clarify it yes there are attacks in the region of adlib the regime is active around our observation posts we are discussing this issue with russia and iran turkey is also worried that regime advances will push more than a half a 1000000 syrians to exporter. taking everything that they are giving us a kicking 36 helicopters over our heads forced us to live on my durbin's bomb being checking on that our legs turkey's president has told his russian counterpart that
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syrian military attacks in northwestern syria a causing a humanitarian crisis legit type one told bloody mir putin that what's happening there threatens turkish national security it's one of the reasons turkey is so keen to get a safe zone up and running on the syrian side of the border but so far there's still no indication that turkey has agreed with the u.s. military on who will patrol is zone and how deep into syria it will go. bernard al-jazeera and turkey. iran's foreign minister says he's had a positive talks with french president mannion macron on salvaging the 2050 nuclear deal john zarif says they discussed how to move forward after the u.s. pulled out of the agreement last year mccracken previously said the try to soften the impact of u.s. sanctions or come up with a way to compensate the iranian people but the barber has more from paris. but the iranian foreign minister described his talks with the french president here in
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paris is constructive but at the same time he's reiterated that it won't be possible to renegotiate what's known as the j c p o a the nuclear deal signed between iran and 5 powers back in 2015 in which of course the u.s. withdrew from unilaterally last year since then they've reimposed sanctions on iran and countries that do business with it now the french have been making it clear that they want to offer iran something possibly. ways to soften the impact of those sanctions credit lines to the government possibly temporarily allowing certain countries to buy iran's crude oil a way of getting it talking again at least in the short term they've been criticized for doing so by washington the u.s. has called and said that france is sending mixed messages to tehran which iran has said that they want to see all the other signatories bakkies and everybody meet
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their obligations they say that they're willing to reverse measures taken recently which include breaching the levels of enriched uranium that they're allowed to produce but that means everybody doing their part to meet their obligations we believe they are moving in the right direction will do we are definitely there year we had a good discussion today we discussed possibilities this more of this morning or early this afternoon in my discussions with the president and he now is going to. discuss with his european partners other partners to see you know we can go from here the french would like to take these talks and go into the g. 7 summit in b. of it's over the weekend able to sell the idea to the americans that something should be offered to. ron is it a sweet no no the british in the form of an unnamed diplomatic source on friday
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march saying that the deal is the best way to prevent iran acquiring a nuclear weapon it has to be supported but it's very unclear where the president put his national security advisor john bolton will actually bite will actually go for this diplomatic approach to resolving the crisis. israel says a teenage girl has been killed in an attack near an illegal settlement in the occupied west bank she died of wounds from an explosion and olive near among her there israeli army says it suspects the palestinian was behind the blast have sent more troops to the area. now the gazan health ministry says at least 100 palestinians were injured during protests on the border with israel at least 50 of them by live fire several 1000 people demonstrated along the border fence the protests and a tense week that saw 3 incidents of rocket fire from gaza and retaliatory air strikes by israel israel's army says it's been restrained in the use of live fire.
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now israel has carried out an air strike on a weapons in iraq that's according to reports quoting u.s. officials the attack on july the 19 targeted a base belonging to the shia militiamen as the popular mobilization forces there backed by iran there have been at least 2 other explosions at sites belonging to the group earlier this week they accused israel of carrying out the strikes and threatened strong retaliate ssion an iraqi military official has confirmed that a base was hit and 3 people were killed including an iranian. russian president vladimir putin has ordered his military to respond after the united states tested a new missile on sunday the modified cruise missile what have been banned under the cold war era nuclear forces treaty bought both russia and the u.s. have withdrawn from it the u.s. cited russian violations but moscow denied those claims putin's said the latest launch shows washington wants to deploy previously banned missiles around the world
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. i mean maybe if the fact that we developed the newer systems of modern weapons which are on parallel out in the world was caused and we can say provoked by a unilateral exit by the us from the antiballistic missile treaty in 2003 we were forced to we had to guarantee the security of our people and of our country we are doing it now and we will be doing it in the future. as you know we have never wanted to do not want and will not be drawn into a costly economically destructive arms race that judging by the defense spending russia is on a modest 7th place of the united states chinese people's republic saudi arabia united kingdom france and japan the russian opposition leader lexan of army says he will continue his fight against vladimir putin and that protests against the
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president set to grow and just being released from prison he's meant spent a month behind bars for encouraging demonstrations in moscow calling for free elections several opposition candidates have been blocked from running on technicalities. a wildfire in california has prompted evacuations in the u.s. state nearly 4000 people were ordered to leave their homes after the fire started in chester county on thursday officials say strong ones help spread the wildfire but it's now been partially contained wildfires in the same wage and last year destroyed more than a 1000 homes and killed 8 people and a wildfire has been raging in the spanish region of under lucy here emergency services say at least 40 homes were evacuated near the southern town of my bear around 2000 people spent the night outside their homes as 75 firefighters battled to control the blaze. by us billionaire and one of the republican party's major donors david koch has died aged 79 was battling prostate cancer. he and his brother
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charles ran koch industries which was not known for its political donation network he willed and by spending millions of presidential campaigns and right wing causes his net worth was estimated to be more than 50 $1000000000.00 making him among the 10 richest people in the world. well scientists and kenya say the northern white rhino is just one step away from being saved from extinction on thursday they successfully carried out a groundbreaking procedure of harvesting eggs from surviving riders sour hierarchy explains the. new gene in fact 2 of the only 2 northern white rhinos left in the world they live under 24 hour protection in the open just so conservancy in kenya and that's because both females are the last and only hope of saving the species from disappearing forever. with the help of science sperm was
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saved from the last little northern white rhino male called sudan and a few others he became famous around the world when he featured on a popular dating app to raise money for an in vitro fertilization procedure since his death the team of international scientists has been racing against time to fertilize eggs from the gene and fast to. using pioneering technology and millions of dollars later on thursday they successfully extracted 5 eggs from each female. the eggs couldn't be frozen and were immediately flown to a fertilization lab in italy. but he is already the walkthrough i believe so the moderation starts and everything goes well but he also says it will go. well you know it was likely. to go to him go well we have some
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embryos. for health reasons and the gene and fats you can't give birth so once the embryos a fertilized they'll be implanted into a star great southern white rhino instead. demand for rhino horn in traditional chinese medicine as well as things like dagger handles in yemen fueled poaching in the 19th. evan sees an eighty's largely wiping out the northern white rhino population in africa but if a surrogate southern mother can produce a baby northern white rhino then these beautiful creatures that have roamed the earth for millions of years may avoid what seemed like certain extinction. is a crime and to hell with the headlines on al-jazeera brazilian president job celera
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says he'll send the army to fight the fires in the amazon rain forest he blamed drier than usual weather for the spike in fires meanwhile the french president has threatened to block a trade deal between the european union and south america of brazil doesn't do more to protect the amazon. 40 minutes we're going to act firmly in order to continue to control the fires in the amazon it is all part of is the other 2 act with the realty not disproved. brazil abroad as they do not help solve the problem they only learned themselves to political propaganda. meanwhile thousands of people have protested in rio denouncing her now as environmental policies the far right leader has previously said that rain forest protections a blocking economic development. u.s. president donald trump says he'll again raise tariffs on chinese imports it follows beijing announced and planned tariffs on $75000000000.00 worth of u.s.
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goods the japanese government says north korea has fired what appears to be 2 missiles into the sea off its east coast south korean military officials say the launches happened on saturday morning the assan docked in south province russian president vladimir putin has ordered his military to respond after the u.s. tested a new missile on sunday the modified cruise missile what had been banned under the intermediate range nuclear forces treaty that both countries have recently withdrawn from. russian opposition leader alexina valmy says he will continue his fight against tibet amy puton and says that protests against the president are set to grow that is just been released from prison he spent a month behind bars for encouraging demonstrations in moscow calling for free elections israel says a teenage girl has been killed in an attack near an illegal settlement in the occupied west bank she died of wounds from an explosion in dollar near ramallah
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well those are the headlines on al-jazeera do stay with the inside story is coming up next and a reminder you can always keep up to date with all the news on our website al-jazeera dot com. forced out of school violence robs nearly 2000000 children of an education west and central africa why on droops attack in that school and what come be done to ensure kids learn and thrive this is inside story.
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hello and welcome to the program i'm hashem how about our summer holidays are almost over for children in the northern hemisphere but many kids won't be returning to class in west and central africa the u.n. children's fund says armed groups targeting schools teachers and students unicef says more than 9000 schools in the region have closed due to violence 3 times the number of the end of 2017 which means nearly 2000000 children are missing out on an education the unicef report examines increasing threats and attacks in 8 central and west african countries nearly half of the schools closed in cameroon where more than 600000 children are not going to classes in mali attacks on schools doubled between 2017 and this year in central african republic the number rose by
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more than a 5th. and school closures due to violence have gone up 6 falls in book in a fossil molly and nisha. let's bring in our panel in johannesburg patti nachle chief of the unicef africa services unit and the lead author of the report in akra ghana joke or america executive director of the west africa network for peace building and in my degree nigeria my. teacher based in borno state welcome to you all but so we're talking here about an increasingly alarming situation but what about the main cause is it instability of the violence or a combination of different other factors. well basically we have 1900000 children
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being pushed out of their education being pushed out of school across 8 countries in western central africa for in security reasons for violence as well as threats of violence i myself for instance visited to put in a fossil a few weeks back and there the what we see is that the reasons most of the schools are closing is because of threats of violence they see that that schools have been attacked in other villages there are rumors that are coming through that this school will also be attacked so basically children are kept home and in often it is the case as well obviously you know entire villages are being displaced because of that fear of attacks so we have a combination of think the root cause is insecurity and it is fear and that is making parents keep their children at home rather than sending them to school to clinica why is this fear gaining momentum in different parts of the west and central. africa i think the 1st thing is to upload it that is the cycle when you
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have the levels of. the standard of education that we have in west africa especially you look at the increase number of militants and violent extremists then you begin to now make a connection between what has happened in the past and what is happening today so if you look at. region like the not east and part of nigeria we have elite literacy level is over 65 percent little wonder why we have the issues relating to volunteer stream is in the diary john and now what happens is that when you have a level of illiteracy that we have which increases the number of out of school children especially be male children they go on a fact all these lives and then the education of banda continue to go down on daily basis so the nexus between these and what happens within the disaster. curity.
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is what you begin now to imagine not just about today but even about tomorrow so if you look at what has happened over time thems of the standard of education and what is happening today need to wonder why we have what we hope. my do in my jugglery an area that has been targeted many times in the past by book give us an idea about challenges you face and daily basis to convince families to send their kids back to school and do not if we know we have been challenge and our target then was teach us over to total $500.00 teach us our being cute wearing to try to cut it here in the open $50000.00 a cup dusty there we have to run for our lives we migrated to the rural areas in different areas later extended to ride it out it started attempting killing teachers there we need to come back to about it where we showed the little mall security personnel coming back to the rear of the infant us schools who are being burnt on daily basics teach school been attacked in university it is hard to be
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clues down on shouldn't do not have access to scoot over time before the introduction of distorted i could use to be on duty if before we now have to duck to send out some of the militant into bach to put it down knowing the obama sent us was done when we started our work to start it at work and started calling but today that see the education cannot wait that we have to come back to school that were not the root cause of if you thought their thought this book is. because it literally is the photos to reduce it to 10 years to come back to school because one cannot which does what weapons i'd look at in the past see year with 4 talks about girls like boko haram saying that western education kababs islamic values then it begs the question about the namath task if ace in the future to convince local communities that that argument advanced by those groups doesn't hold
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ground. yes we know this this is across the countries that we have been looking at that education what is perceived as western style education is at the bottom or the core of some of the conflicts in those countries which is why as unicef we try very much to work hard with the local community with the local community and to come up with local solutions because unless the local community is with us and feels that the education is coincides with their values then you know these these solutions are not going to work we have introduced for instance in nigeria we basic education skills and education curricula in qur'anic schools we work with local community elsewhere as well to make sure that that parents are involved in the education of their children this is not a solution that had that can be imposed from from the exterior we work very much
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with with community based solutions and that is really one of the solutions that we have to scale up and work harder at as we move forward if we are to respond to this very concerning situation as as one of your guests was previously saying education is very much key i spoke to one priest in northern in northern book in a fast saw a few weeks ago who was telling me that without education there is no development and this is these are in many cases parts of the world that are severely underdeveloped that have a huge issue with children not accessing school to begin with out of school the number of up to school children for instance in mali and elsewhere is very high and you that you add to that the attacks on the schools and the attacks on the education and you see how that situation is actually compounding in the ripple effect of that is not only going to be felt today in the current situation for these children but also for their families and their communities moving forward if you don't educate
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a child today what's going to happen to that child when he or she grows up as an adult and therefore. family and their community and their countries so this is really something that we have to take into consideration and the solutions really have to be long term. aren't we here talking about failure of governance because it's their argument goal which is to provide security. for its own citizens and protests schools if you look at the investments in education our system over the years by many of the african leaders this will confirm exactly the report the lower level investments in education has created some of these challenges we're seeing today and it begs to question the whole idea about the africa continent that free trade zone we are we are looking at the the youths and the leaders of tomorrow and the production engine for that for to make that africa
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continent that 3 trips on excel but if you look at the quality of education compound that now by the issues of peace and security which is not allowed to keep going to school at the moment we have over. 300 are something to keep that out of school and making the teacher asked redundant most of them are not going to school because they cannot teach and then he keeps are also out of school so it gives you a whole idea about everything around what we have to do to our compound then it ran off the issues of governance defeat and leadership challenges that we have on the continent to some a does this is we're talking here about raising awareness you live in a state that was suddenly the headlines all over the world in 2014 with the chip book schoolgirls kidnapping since that's kidnapping have you seen a change in the mentality of the people the way the government is reacting to
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address this particular problem. in your own area. in 2000 photos of 30 insurgents i don't know about the kidnapping of each book yes then there was an in my squad in my school just look at it i did not is time cannot state that extreme and cannot escape and i missed several attacks in that area does call khalidi global markets great country to community and i've been to attempt to school before you need to have had an intervention in the school and it seemed teach us a world. that culturally diverse. and u.p.s. is that to psychosocial support to teach us does the best at least it is best to does it where using money to an hour to get a new study butte and not a thought brought us that is to teach us the most of our teachers found it that if we how did very hard that is to share in our say what that in meant to in our
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socially relationship or to put on a t.v. show so we teach what we've done in television what it would to money and our school and it shouldn't and we have development plan we know how to stitch on the security personnel around the school we have their contact. i know so we also see. we have also to step down to fit into the community we involve the community members that in the larger community and we have their contact that everything anything didn't the partying or i would advise to dinner how to walk in that in peers to school not in learning that. remember that in 2 years it doesn't look them but to turn around and say one thing they have been attempting in my school that you just could not be attempted i would have city thought one blast about for just about 200 meters away from what we do if you short of this training by unicef which it would to come down our students and not least look them down under school very different get out and it's i've been very helpful and very good experience i'm
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definitely going to expose those give me an opportunity to at least a quite a bit in the education in be a member of it you know my ideas are working group. according to a lot more and i must say really brave of the of the children and the thumb it is to insist a taken that has a school despite what you have been describing passy resilience is one thing but then the spread of those attacks by groups affiliated with al qaida. these line extensions in sub-saharan africa in different parts of the west and central africa is is another thing. took us through the alternatives that you've put into place to try to put an end to this phenomena. so basically in the schools that we actually are still functional and as our teacher colleague in my degree was saying we offer a package of support to school so that they to make them safer for children to be
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in and for teachers to actually perform their duties. but in situations where we don't have a school or to at all for instance i was in mali this week and visited a displacement camp in mopti in central mali which has seen a rise in attacks actually in recent in recent months what we have is we can offer at least safe learning spaces a turn it of learning spaces in these camps so that the kids at least can access some form of basic education and are given some basic education skills numeracy literacy that kind of thing while in displacement in other parts like in northern iraq in a fossil which is also very much a country an area of concern for us because of the rise in security there we offer together with our local partners we offer radio school basically we developed broadcasts that are there are broadcast in local languages 5 times a week in 3 different languages in northern brooklyn a fossil where kids who aren't able to even leave their homes let alone go to
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school at least can be at home and listen to a radio we offer these radio sets and they can listen and learn something and we are also reaching for the 1st time kids through have never been to school before through these solutions as well so again this is about you know taking into consideration that long term effect we have such a huge problem with out of school children and many of these countries regardless of conflict but now the conflict is obviously making things worse but to call in a co would that those alternative blood forms like the broadcast like the would be would be enough given the fact that we're talking about a huge number of people forced out of those schools do do you think there will be enough we. sources to try to cope with the new alternatives well for protein about most of this region challenged by technology so even getting such technology to the homes the. very challenging the 2nd thing is that we also
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need to look at the track collage equal distribution of the key to live with at home on school on the serious threat. if you look let me just give you a little bit of specific i think that part of it is also reflected in the unicef report to congress 120000 i.d.p.'s in booking our fossil and over a 1900 schools including 500 in this i have been shot down leaving about 9000 to just read on the so how does this now contribute to increase in the level of teeth on security challenges that we have on the region is what we are now faced with as the last issue on so whether there are alternative means to educating these kids yet there are available at samples of what they could dig from
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a bed agree to the the unicef colleague already mentioned but we also need to understand that keep that this h y s m t a relationship to be able to learn better in an atmosphere that they feel is not just on the scene for for lennon but also for. the patient of whatever he thought. my degree have a patsy from unicef listening to america from west africa network for peace what watching you you have our viewers all over the world watching you give us a sense about the immediate needs the stuff that you need know for you to be able to convince parents kids to come back to school and provide them with alternative to tools so that they will continue to learn the advice for what of study despite the challenges and your population that i have known school my school and my
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community just like a host community and actually thought effort and if i mean you can be what you've been about properly if it not for now but my advice to parents and largely for the larger community is that the children you cheatin of the poor whom ducted people fear to train actually it will not make your dates are that you discover it's peace you children of the poor who do fear to train were not make the order to make that shouldn't have peace that it's better that we all come together to walk in and i'd live to support at least some of the schools in any way or the order or no doc to be to find no socially or darr these things i choose to make forward that's who we're talking about children who have been traumatized by conflicts and by war people who come from poor backgrounds some of them were displaced so ultimately we're talking about need for massive psychological support to help them recover
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from the trauma and learn isn't this an exceptional moment that would it acquires not on in nasa financial resources but also a comprehensive plan where the international community should be on board. 100 percent we turn to to local governments to make sure that they perform their duty in ensuring that schools are safe havens for their children we turn to our humanitarian partners to work with us in order to make sure that this is becomes a reality on the ground but we importantly turn to the international community to our donor community and make sure that they step up 70 percent more than 70 percent of our humanitarian education emergency programs are actually underfunded so we need everyone to come on board and make sure that every child has access to education at every child even if they're in booking a fossil even if they're in cameroon they have a right to education that's the call that we make today. what baffles me personally
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is that you have the african union with this 2030 agenda for sustainable development that says that we need to transform the continent into a better place to live and thrive and the facing problems like this and we don't seem to be on top of their own agenda. well i think african union is doing its best but i think it's also if period that we need to start a conversation between at the level of what a lot right relations saw the kind of arms and ammunitions that is used in africa to exit use violent extremism we need to ask questions about the origin and destination the level of corruption in in africa especially among some of the lead us and then be the cost to receive between the african elites and africa political elites and did this initial we had a stolen one caused because some of these stolen money are supposed to be used to
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develop the education aspect and then of course the the kind of illicit forms that that goes away from africa illicit arms and ammunition that comes into africa i think this conversation need to take a different level while we continue to besiege africa lead us to do what this should do i think it's also important that this kind of mortal a problem by law crowded nations and accountability needs to begin to take place i see a point my dog oh what's the situation like now where you live is it getting worse or is it improving our families willing to take the risk and send their kids to school or they are more reluctant than ever to send them back to school. it calling my community is really walking and roll mythos increased tremendously at least we have enough we see need more classes at least some of the classes are not even enough for at least talk of pi the land off limits are increased that we know
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education i see right we do not neglect we do not at least we we that if we know we did we'd help of the community and outro are good to see a room a tax increase everyone wants to be in a school the school has now busy beyond as in you just like a child friendly space all children want to be in school and don't let us increase we need support that small class isn't all that it's asking proof seriously. but c c c now we have some good news coming from my degree by the same time the concern is about the infrastructure the number of more kids not finding the right place. there would shelter them against the backdrop of this how concerned are you about the future of west and central africa what kind of impact we have on those countries if the number of students dropping out of school and schools closing because of instability and violence increases in the future well that's a huge concern for us of course because as we know when children are up after
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school they're much more likely to become victim to traffickers they are much more likely to end up in child marriage for girls much more likely to basically have their futures ruined by their lack of access to knowledge and education so this is really something of concern we also know that the number of children is increasing in that part of the world across africa saw so this is education placing education at the center of the conversation is really important and we often look at me in this part of the world through to strategic lens or security lens and we'd like for once to peel that away and to bring children back to the forefront because thoughts those communities and the civilian communities are the ones paying the highest price less than a minute please if you can is an issue that has been debated in africa white since independence and the failure has been phenomenal in many parts across the continent what's the biggest problem here are we talking about lack of political will from
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the political elite or is it a purely economic thing the budget for education is not enough and therefore what we see there is a normal result. i think that idea because nazis don't you so he's a major problem most of the educational systems that any fed from the. go by put up by but i also think that. yes government which is director of the luck of. the independent school elites to invest in education ought to see the nexus between quality education and the future of africa at sea in a culture where mecca is a my dog oh my god she already appreciate your time and your contribution to the program and let's all hope that tomorrow would be a better day for children across they often continent and thank you for watching you can see the program again and its time by visiting our website www
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dot com for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com for was last a j inside story it also join the conversation on twitter i'll hand it is at a.j. sized from a hotshot but on the whole team here and i think that. over 100 years ago britain and france made a secret deal to divide the middle east between them now we can room in the 2nd episode we explore the lasting effects of this agreement there's
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a regional set to 6 because it's at those borders were drawn without consulting the people who have to live with the. sykes people lines in the sand on a disease. the latest news as it breaks each week that passes angry increases and the divide the government grows deeper. with detailed cover each month i was once known as the coldest city in venezuela and that's why people are not used to this situation. from around the world. it's been over a decade since morphia had seen her granddaughter there she that played. think of some of the biggest companies in the world today all of them big tech with algorithms that the more that we used the word out of we produce we're in the midst
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of a great race for dot and big tech companies are on the chase and fires are rising on a wealth of information and we are the commodities in the 2nd of a 5 part series ali re-examined where the corporations are calling guys. like the popularity and power of victory on a. and ominous the product of the headlines of al-jazeera brazilian president job also now says he'll send the army to fight fires and the amazon rain forest he blamed dry the news and weather for the spike in fires meanwhile the french president has
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threatened to block a trade data between the european union and south america of brazil does not do more to protect the amazon. vamos although our 4th dimension we're going to act firmly in order to contain and control the fires in the amazon it is important in the other room to not. brazil abroad as they do not help solve the problem they only learned themselves to political propaganda. meanwhile thousands of people have protested in rio de janeiro denouncing environmental policies the leader has previously said rainfalls for texans are blocking economic development. in other news u.s. president obama says he will again raise tariffs on chinese imports it follows beijing announcing plans to have some $75000000000.00 worth of u.s. goods. chris garcia is a former u.s. commerce department official under president trump and he blames china for the
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escalation in the trade war. it comes down to who the real culprit is here who has been the bad actor in this trading relationship between the united states and china all signs point to china frankly it has been china who is engaged in intellectual property theft enforced technology transfer subsidizing state owned industries to make unfair competition really the norm between the free market traders that trade with them this is an imbalanced trading relationship that president trump has been frankly the 1st in history to try to correct it diplomatic talks unfortunately have not worked and if we look at president trump's trade tariffs threats in the past he's followed through on those terror threats and so i think it's very clear now that the gloves are off and the president will follow through on those tariff threats but frankly it's not the trade uncertainty that is leading to this this this type of negative reaction in the markets it's the fact that really we're not getting any support from the fed which is which is supposed to be acting in the
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u.s. is interest that's what the president was elected to do to look out for not just wall street but also look out for main street what's really going on here is what we really have to be concerned about it's the national security it's whether or not we allow china to continue to take advantage of the american people to take advantage of american businesses and frankly as a free market nation who we pride ourselves we pride ourselves on this free market system where you can compete fairly the japanese government says north korea has followed what appeared to be 2 missiles into the sea off its east coast south korean military officials say the launches happened on saturday morning the asylum dock and south providence russian president vladimir putin has ordered has military to respond after the united states tested a new miss solemn sunday the modified cruise missile which have been banned under the cold war era nuclear forces straighten the both countries have recently withdrawn from. there's a book and i mean maybe the fact that we developed the newest systems of modern
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weapons which are on parallel out in the world was caused and we can say provoked by a unilateral exit by the us from the antiballistic missile treaty in 2003 we were forced to we had to guarantee the security of our people and of our country we are doing it now and we will be doing it in the future when you know it was nature as you know we have never wanted to do not want and will not be drawn into a costly economically destructive arms rice that judging by the defense spending russia is on a modest 7th place of the united states chinese people's republic saudi arabia united kingdom france and japan the russian opposition may then. continue his fight against putin and that protests against the president will grow of all these just being released from prison he spent a month behind bars for encouraging demonstrations in moscow calling for free
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elections several opposition candidates have been blocked from running on technicalities well those are the headlines on al-jazeera do stay with us balfour's seeds of discord is up next.
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i. was 9 was. was. was. i. the voice to david ben-gurion declaring the establishment of the state of israel in maine 1948. the balfour declaration was a letter sent by british foreign secretary arthur balfour to
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a member of the british house of lords child on the 2nd of november 1917. this letter sent to a leading figure in the british jewish community 100 years ago had repercussions which even its authors cannot have imagined. whatever its real intentions it went on to have a profound impact on the middle east and its people. and its effects still resonates across the region today. in 1914 these soldiers were fighting on the battlefields of europe in the 1st world war the allies britain france and russia fought the central powers of germany
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austria-hungary and the ottoman empire for 4 years but the land and sea war was not the only battleground. muscle was also being flexed behind closed doors as allies conspired how to redraw maps to their own advantage when the conflict eventually ceased. sir mark sykes for the british and french. for the french plotted how to divide the arab lands of the ottoman empire assuming it would finally fall. the psychs pekoe agreement plan secretly to divide it into french and british spheres of influence france taking most of the levant southern anatolia and the mosul area while the british extended their control over the southern levant expanding eastwards to baghdad and
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basra and all the nand between the arabian gulf and the french territory. historic palestine then still part of the ottoman empire was a bone of contention and would be put under international administration. but. that falls. in. their. eyes. just dress. the men. or do. that. for you. which of the oblong. of your of how the half of art can be or where you.
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live you're going to. russia i think the british felt that there had not been enough government involvement in concluding the states because agreement with the french and the process they had not really protected their interests well enough for a post world war era in which the british empire would continue to seek to be a dominant force in european affairs and so really officials across whitehall including mark sykes and self felt it was a bad deal. have ilja go. at it in the future america have accent you need on the free market does that mean you hold your own. office the one your home your new shoot fearful of the walking people of well an article in the have been many who are living. and i many and i mean
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i look at that before and it's a huge significance that when they're making these discussions jews and scientists are not discussed jews were not to feature in the new coffee at the middle east which was to be based on the idea of the arab nation. zionism was the movement supporting the reestablishment of a jewish homeland in the area defined as the historic land of israel. the movement was active in early 20th century london especially because of the persecution of jews in russia and eastern europe. theodore hertz all had found a design a movement in the late 1900 century but jewish people in western europe had not rushed to support it because they were integrating quite successfully into society zionists believed that all jews should someday returned to. that country one of the problems was that palestine belong to the ottoman empire and the ottoman empire was
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not clear that it wanted massive jewish immigration into palestine and the british government offered to let jews move unimpeded in great numbers into uganda if they wished. but in any event it really didn't happen and it didn't happen because a majority of zionists felt that hurtful was selling them out and that the only place for jews to move back to were at least conscious zionist jews to move back to was palestine in this i think britain began to look on the zionist movement as a possible partner in justifying a rita goshi asians of their agreement with the french you see for britain simply to claim territory against what they'd already concluded in the green that with france could create diplomatic problems for the british but if they were to make a claim to palestine not out of self interest but in order to advance
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a great historic ideal of the restoration of the jewish people to the legal homeland that this could justify an adjustment of the term of the site speak.


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