Skip to main content

tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  December 23, 2020 3:30am-4:01am +03

3:30 am
not easy. by factory involves working 12 hours a day with only 2 days off. but the sacrifice she says is worth it she's making the most of the new opportunities in the heart take children might have better ones. al-jazeera not on county china. so this is out there these are the top stories and israel will be holding its 4th election in 2 years after its coalition that briefly united longtime prime minister benjamin netanyahu and rival benny gantz collapsed parliament was dissolved after failing to meet the deadline to pass the budget snap elections will be held next year well it really all goes back to that power sharing agreement that you mentioned between x. and yahoo and that agreement was signed after the latest and last election and the idea behind it was that netanyahu and guns would swap between the seat of
3:31 am
premiership with guns taking over in november of 2021 but the one key point was that they would have to pass this budget in order for guns to take over for the truck drivers can now once again cross the channel from britain as long as they have tested negative for covert 19 this comes after the european union urged its member countries to end the blockade of u.k. freight more than 40 countries banned arrivals from the u.k. after it revealed a new highly contagious variant of corona virus which is spreading. u.s. president elect joe biden has criticized donald trump for failing to protect the country against cyber attacks by claims the recent attack of the u.s. government is not under control yet and he pledged a tough response against those responsible. the u.s. justice department is targeting wal-mart for billions of dollars in damages over its alleged role in helping fuel the opioid crisis the civil lawsuit accuses its
3:32 am
pharmacists of selling addictive painkillers while ignoring invalid and suspicious prescriptions almost half a 1000000 people have died of overdoses from christe prescription drugs in the united states in the last 2 decades police in uganda have arrested a leading human rights lawyer weeks before presidential elections because supporter previously represented a body one seen as the main challenger to president most of any who's seeking to extend his 35 years in power tweet from what we once account says that the poor have been investigating the killings of protesters last month at the beginning of the campaigning season he's accusing point of money laundering and other malicious acts you're stuck with headlines more news coming up here and answer right after inside story for me the clock it's now.
3:33 am
fighting for survival farmers in northern nigeria risked their lives to secure produce but a surge in attacks on them is threatening the nation's food reserves and putting millions of people at risk of starvation so how can farm workers and crops be protected this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program i'm homage attacked by armed bandits and being kidnapped or forced to pay levies before they can reach their farmlands farmers in northern nigeria are caught between protecting their lives and their livelihoods
3:34 am
deteriorating security in the north west is reducing food reserves and adding to the nation's food crisis its estimated output has dropped by 60 percent the violence is compounding challenges caused by climate change and the coronavirus pandemic i met edris reports from katsina state where hundreds of people including schoolchildren have been recently abducted in north western nigeria where i'm to bend its room free most barrios regularly event hardly a day passes without an attack on a village somewhere that leaves either dead or injured and those taken hostage in time of villages have been sacked crippling local economies and social activities. if you. spent well over 6 years in towns of trying to control this the last among our farmers that cannot access their farms the loss of what you use the loss of cattle the loss of means of livelihood people who cannot accept their farms
3:35 am
the quantum is imagine it has negatively. impacted on the lives of our people the violence that began as a localized conflict between farmers and cattle herders in just one area has now escalated to a full blown crisis affecting the whole region and beyond. the recent abduction of hundreds of school children by those the government describes as bandits underlines the worsening security situation in northwest nigeria. many pharmacy have been forced to leave their land after being unable to pay off their armed groups to find a farmer who can pump about 10 to 20 heck that's what this is cutie they cannot be able to fund their farms and it wonder. where to go to bed
3:36 am
last thing to be up to 5 hectares there where earth would be important to abandon their land and be inside the town just to take it to food again the insecurity the cattle herders association says nearly every member has had some animal story. here but cattle market there are only a few animals on display raids by armed bandits have depleted stocks and potential buyers are staying away and in the grain section of the market it's a similar picture the northwest is nigeria's main grain and cereal producing region the fighting here sparked fears of food shortages in the months ahead. with attacks now growing in number and sophistication reassuring words from the central government of a little comfort to those facing such violence and the misery brings home idrees al-jazeera northwest nigeria nigeria's food stocks have declined to less than
3:37 am
30000 metric tons a fraction of what it needs the u.n. has warned people in the northeast could face famine 2700000 people in that region were projected to face critical hunger last year an estimated 53 percent of the population required humanitarian assistance years of armed conflict mainly with boko haram has worsened the food crisis that's driven primarily by poverty the group has been blamed for the killing of dozens of farmers in recent months. all right let's bring in our guests who are all in abuja we have sara bob a nigeria a country director at one a global movement campaigning to end it stream poverty by 2030 over who is a geo political analyst at the security think tank africa politica and we're also joined by social justice and political activists i show you welcome to each of you sara let me start with you could you break down for our viewers the threats faced
3:38 am
by farmers in the northwest of the country versus the threats faced by farmers in the north east of the country sure thank you mohamed. with colvin at the onset of coal that they had been severe impacts on the economy and the farmers in the north east and elsewhere have not been any different i do think however that. if for example the economy is contracting that we know oil prices are going down so the entire economy's feeling the shock and the impact of corbett but i think there's an additional impact which is the security issues the security issues particularly in the north east in the northwest as well banditry is at an all time high and it's something that is affecting not just the economy but the farmers the livelihood and the sort of the the the the way people are living in the northeast
3:39 am
in northwest this has been exacerbated further by climate change we see that the property and the land they were used by farmers to graze their cattle in the past are no longer available waters being a scarce resource that is really providing a pressure to the already high tension across the country and we can't forget the tribal the tribal issues with the with the people across nigeria with airing with with tribes that perhaps and get along in the past but now it's being it's been accentuated by the limited resources both in the economic standpoint climate change and of course the banditry and security issues that nigeria's facing so all in all i think it's worth noting that not just the north east north west a feeling that the entire country is feeling this because we're linked right our food supply is linked to the north east and the northwest in the north central quite frankly and the south so all nigerians are feeling the impact of this over
3:40 am
the way i want to ask you to expand on this last point that sara was making i mean just how much of an effect are these attacks on farmers in the northeast and the northwest having on the country's food supply and on the country's food reserves. yeah thanks for having me so far east of who does good from the all from a physician of. sittin stiff in the north with cuss in the zone for a cigar that half of the farmers i've not been able to wear found because of the instanced insecurity of not that that's the literal is a major problem because if you look at how much the. has changed and instead they seem a 1000000 food producer you know in the sixty's you could see really loving from secure. in the following their kids you know negligent allegiance from successive
3:41 am
governments who cheated for cause to in order for there are said so you know that our lives lost a lot of guts that us in those include of 2 of 2 to this so even if the president or the current administration is driving of its efforts in trying to groom a path of a group more rise but the recent days in so much of an impact yes we are growing more of those but i mean doesn't that will happen in late august and can be said with religious fell on them before in a just swept away in the last portion of crops that are due for harvest and all of a sudden. food productivities goes goes on there is no resilience as well you know it was talking about the climate shock talking about their core business in being a major shock. banditry which has also really been a major problem for farmers in case it for instance you know we were also hearing reports of in abundance preventing farmers from going to their farms archivist said
3:42 am
the image of the way the going outside as i'm sorry interrupt you because i want to i would do want to get back to that point specifically about the bandits in just a couple of minutes but let me move on right now to i shall i shall i want to ask 'd you about an attack that was carried out in the last several weeks in a village in the northeast called sabar mari this is an attack where dozens of farmers were killed and some reports say that it happened because farmers had reported boko haram as presents to the nigerian army do you know if that is actually the case well 1st of all thank you for having me one of the things that with the hear from the crowd by the terrorist was the fact that well i know sam had . in court and handed over to the. military and so because of that they came to punish the families and they killed over 40 of them slaughtered them and you know the cup or to them and for that's one of the problems that are being faced
3:43 am
beyond the issue of you know telling the people the government and then the people that they need we need to go back to our farms agricultural need to be improved but the main issue is that there's no security in the farms and a lot of people have been killed in their farms and many people many farmers have had to up and their farms i can't because of insecurity so it's really a dicey one that nigeria nigeria is being faced with we do have the situation of insecurity not just the or fortunate incidents in the bottom of it but all over the country where people are being attacked even in the south and parts of the country it of people have been killed on the farms and right now it's people are really very insecure especially farmers and many of them have been forced to abandon their farms so i saw you nodding along to some what i she was saying did you want to join in or respond to the point she was making yes i just bought on i mean this issue of
3:44 am
insecurity is not just facing those in the north east or north west the southern people are being killed in their farms in the south so i do think that it's so important that our borders are being patrolled better i think that insecurity is slowing nigeria's development down yes we have called it yes there are other shocks they're playing to system but the security issue is not helping at all it's lumping it's allowing the external both internal actors and external actors lose faith in nigeria so i think it's the number one priority issue that the government needs to face and luckily or are not for us security is a constitutional matter it's of the federal government so this is very much within the ambit of the federal government and we need. made a very firm quick response to the security issue ok i want to get back to the point you were making when it comes to these groups that are referred to as as bandits or armed bandits because that seems to be
3:45 am
a catch all term when it comes to what's going on in the northwest of the country could you break down to our viewers you know what is meant by officials when they say bandits how many groups are we talking about. well where the exact number is. this is all known but we know. because i'm of organized out i mean they've gone from those criminals who. were shot to something like an organized criminal network cost several where you know so from cattle rustling you know illegal mining is sometimes a good news one for us today the government had to shut down all 'd mine activities because there was a concern that these bonded i were going into illegal mining and does. significantly increase deca probability because they will use those resources in to fund operations after our homes and all of that whatever mobility asked as you know that they need so what are its farming with its mining they've lived in it on the
3:46 am
flesh. of the country more artists now instead are keester that our food produced is like candy you know the food is out of the rice we have an injury i was the staple in banditry has been a major problem for farmers and then they also exist of cattle rustling you know as well so if you look at the dynamics in the course of nigeria is not particularly good even if an indian in the north is as well so whether we want to call them bundy's or organized criminals or whatever it doesn't matter the fact is every of our sector requires the charity particularly in farming because this part this farmers actually you know in vulnerable position to be in farms with are way way out of town and they will be there for long hours working so advanced in the spirit without the government is going to employ vigilante groups or militants if it
3:47 am
cannot really deploy its forces they will have to do something because since the advent of the so-called as a park on strategy that caused the then germany to withdraw its of its forces from hinterlands. communities it does live discovering it is vulnerable busy so are so few dug up there needs to be new efforts towards maybe. outsourcing to militias or i would see new vigilante groups too to sort of provide our security cover up the these farmers need because it's a very precarious situation in what is measured to book. and into the local government is a government in boosted by them who government has a viable enough 50 communities or 2 of those communities are farming communities rebel as i'm sitting there and i'm any of these. refugees of the weight limit let me let me let me just let me just come back to you on that let me go to with another question you know you are raising the specter of the fact that farmers are
3:48 am
going to be needing more security that that is the reality on the ground right now so i sure do farmers in whether it be the northeast the northwest other parts of the country are they getting any protection from the nigerian army are they just left to fend on their own and what can be done to get them the kind of security that they so desperately need right now. definitely they are not getting the kind of the farmers and you are not getting the security that you need not just the farmers the one juror the whole of nigeria there's no security and sadly we have a government that it's not focused on the primary responsibility of government i mean the premise was a bit of government like we know it is a protection of life some properties and any government that cannot protect the last some properties of its citizens it's not because the government we have a situation today where the terrorists are doing what they want to do how they want to be counted when they want to do it and this issue of calling some band-aids
3:49 am
antares i mean i don't get it because at the end of the day is that inflicting terror on people that are arising communities and they are terrorists so issues of white sort of like sugar coating it and calling them band beats and. that's not just the way it is they are terrorists and right now families are not secured everywhere like i did say nigerians are not secured everywhere and what we need to do is 1st of all to build up our intelligence godfrey unit our security agents that ad agencies that are supposed to be in charge of intelligence gathering so to be no better be fun and if and when citizens try to reach out to them and give them information somehow somewhere it gets back to the terrorists and the citizens are punished what happened is about money this is not the 1st time it's happening there have been a number of times where the terrorists have come to our touch citizens act out villages attack amenities because they have been fun to be working with the military and successful for the things that we need to do is to ensure that our intelligence gathering capacity is improved upon we need to look into the mirror
3:50 am
military and show that it in the writing they need to be instructed take leadership the commander in chief needs to know that he is the commander in chief and gifts try to take leadership to so the military act like i say that it's there all the issue of protection of life some property is sorely our constitution as close to call as is today. the constitution in the hands of the federal government and the federal government that it's supposed to do this right now if it is not today and that is in the week and we are not fit in that we need to have a situation whereby indeed military i checked let's look for example what happened in cuts in that state in concord out where hundreds of choice we opt up dead in their school the commander in chief had gotten into that that's very the yet it did not deter terrorists from going on with the attack this still we're told minute that they told us us about their concerts know that there's no strategy and there's
3:51 am
no leadership on both and it's in the from from the nigerian military and that's really sarah earlier you were talking about the other factors that are compounding the misery right now one of them being climate change one of them being covert 1000 pandemic i want to ask you more about the economic impact that all of these concurrent crises are having in nigeria i mean is there any prospect of being able to turn things around economically when it comes to perhaps job creation anything that can be done to try to help the economy there. so the good news is yes we might not turn things around in 2021 but there are a few things that are coming up that nigeria musky into the 1st is the african free trade continental agreement now what's happening is that our economies are constricting and contracting across the world not just nigeria and where the a u has landed and many countries have signed is this continental free trade agreement that will help
3:52 am
a country like nigeria expand ability to create jobs increase economic activity so it's going to be paramount for the edge eery of that we are vested in the african free trade continental agreement and we are trading 90 percent of tariffs will be removed trading across borders this is huge for africa this is huge for nigeria it's huge for countries like south africa gonna nigeria they'll benefit the most in addition there's a single african air transport market that is upcoming this is part of the a use also. i genda 2063 it is important that niger takes advantage of that single air transportation market again it boost intra africa trade if africa could see itself as one big market if we have an opportunity to create more jobs for people we have an opportunity to create more economic activity we already know that niger has a significant entrepreneurial spirit so taking advantage of these up and coming areas is going be important ecowas also has a trading protocol how can we bring that alive it's going to be desperate in the
3:53 am
next few months to create jobs a lack of jobs increases in security a lack of jobs increases poverty we already seeing all high and security measures across the country and across the the world quite frankly we're also seeing poverty rising on 14 nigeria's upon the capital of the of the world and we're seeing that with cove it poverty is going to rise with the contracting of the condiment you know sub-saharan africa is going to go into the 1st collective research recession in 25 years so we really are an insta gether and we need to look for how to create jobs together the private sector somehow government gets into creating jobs and it's house all the things it's doing to create jobs but at the end of the day it's one percent that the government will create one percent of all the jobs needed the government can create the private sector will create 99 percent so let's let the private sector do what it does best create jobs to teaming young people we have so
3:54 am
we can stabilize security we can stabilize our economy and we can reduce poverty in nigeria and on the continent i want to go back to the point you were making earlier when it comes to the security situation you know how can the government how can the federal government and its partners intervene effectively in all this and try to turn around the situation. i think 1st of all we have to it again look at who has agency which is that if the feds are going in this case how their government that is assessed ties in that agency we know that there is a most national most national argenta force in place that we've got is cognitive managerial camaro and chad trying to walk to get out to climb down you know the book or an issue as as the government is trying to fight within but there's a lot of beloved gaps with eyes and strategy with you know whether weapons want us to live not in the air as to the minuscule that the government gives both of our
3:55 am
confidence nobody talks about confidence so we will we've tried with we're trying to boost confidence for assad as well operational flintlock is an underworld exercise between the united states as. herself was a concept of our country and then jeff participated in the last one is supposed to be another one next year there are these partnerships that while we've been engaged in for a while when i was seeing the results on the ground when i look on the ground because it's it's not as top down problem with the bottom or problem as well you know dissolution dissolution coming from top down board but the problem is really boiling as i read at the community level because if people don't feel secure 'd in their countries we don't have enough coordination between. when your. child come out as it was as it were within the 1st 2 years of president gore mound why you commute or to america step into into iraq does this the yes but i said and
3:56 am
was really interesting about it was somewhere somehow that as 2000 miles died down over the years it will do the trick is to present unlike us the recently betrayed will grew stronger so perhaps we know we might have to rethink that our cooperation strategy who are putting us to be. even if we have a problem that we're not that we're not evil at this and that's our proposal to work with because mind you the republic of china which is only voted to denote completely over the years about ninjas lack of capacity the other times we're tied down to is actually coming to an end to an angel confided book or are we not once not twice so maybe we live we were seeing the addition of corporation limited we had a crew of us as it were so we have to look at ourselves and look at how to improve this partnership because who cannot fight is who the transnational are in no problem don't require transnational solutions all right we're if we run out of
3:57 am
times we're going to have to leave it there thanks so much to all of our guests sarah michael bay of who and i say yes to food and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website at c.n.n. dot com and for further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter handle is at a.j. inside story for me mama june the whole team here bye for now.
3:58 am
an award winning investigation i mean a worker's roof right behind it has been factory when we operate for less and we buy for less we can pass those savings all of our customers into the supply chains that produce cheap clothing. with little regard for workers' lives different means of the fire are still everywhere rewind made in bangladesh on al-jazeera. i joined al jazeera as part of the launch team in 2006 protesters have called for a 1000000 mom march in that time i've covered wars revolutions elections i'm going to treat poor sick crowds here and stuff you know square remain very large and very vocal just 0 we cover the stories that matter the human stories. from the fellows of caracas to the battlefields of iraq also i would drop just to
3:59 am
get to the truth and empower people through knowledge the ultranationalist marks connected with one of the world's worst humanitarian crisis we doe as any good migrant joining with the military to impose a deadly political agenda we have 2 photos of our nation what has happened to the engine that's one of the biggest stains on the country as a whole. this is not religion this is a politic me and an unholy alliance on all jews here. 'd held for over 3 years in an egyptian prison cell denied their right to a fair trial no charges have been brought against al jazeera correspondent you're saying this crime journalist. to demand truth thinks and boy solidarity with all detained journalists sign the petition. 'd
4:00 am
to say. hello and the clock and the top stories here on al-jazeera u.s. president donald trump says he's sending back a massive coronavirus relief bill to congress so it can be amended and it's would have video trump called the bill a disgrace 900000000000 dollar relief bill was passed by the house and the senate late on monday of the months of negotiations let's speak to your castro's live for us from washington d.c. they argued over this for months as say hi what more do we know. well next they took 8 months to get to this compromise but i said last night you never.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on