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tv   [untitled]    October 1, 2021 12:00am-12:30am AST

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not heard on the international news channel. one moment i'll be very proud of was when we covered the napoleon lake of 2015, a terrible natural disaster and a story that needed to be told from the hall of the affected area. to be there to tell the people story was very important at the time. ah, this is al jazeera. ah. hello barbara sarah. this is the al jazeera news, our live from london. thank you for joining us. coming up in the next 60 minutes. he feel expels several senior un officials, including some overseeing the humanitarian response in the war torn region of t grey. a version of government shut down for now. the u. s. congress passed as
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a temporary spending bill, but a show down looms over the president's a trillion dollar infrastructure bill. risking at all for the american dream that my grants waiting for their turn to cross the diary and get a dangerous stretch of jungle between columbia and panama, and form a french president, nicholas or cosy, is found guilty of the legal campaign financing. but his courtroom battles are far from over. in sport formula, one is heading to a new destination to follow host. it's 1st ever form grown pre in november. ah, if you appear is expelling 7 senior united nations officials after accusing them of meddling in its internal affairs. they include senior figures with the un
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children's fund, unicef and the office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs. they've been given 72 hours to leave the country. this comes one day after the un humanitarian chief, criticize the field in government, accusing it of stopping desperately needed aid from reaching the t drive region where the united nations secretary general and the parish gave this response through his spokeswoman in each. jo pierre, the un is delivering life saving aid, including food medicine, water and sanitation supplies to people in desperate need. i have full confidence in the you and staff who are in ethiopia doing this work. the you when is committed to helping ethiopian people who rely on humanitarian assistance. we are now engaging with the government of v t o p. out in the expectation that the concerned un staff will be allowed to continue their important work. or diplomatic editor james space has more now from
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the united nations. well, that statement, you just heard started with the words from the 2nd general. i was shocked. and i think that really does sum up the reaction here at the united nations. yes, they know that they've had a really difficult relationship with peer in terms of humanitarian assistance. they still find it very hard to get the humanitarian aid that they want into parts of ethiopia, particularly to t gray. and that situation is not ease. the secretary general has been working on this since november last year, and he's had some patient quite diplomacy going on with ahmed, the if your prime minister and clearly that strategy has not worked because the pins at a time when the you and believes that t gray certainly is likely now in famine the, the, the government has kicked out a 6 of the top humanitarian officials, as you say,
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one from unicef, and the others from the secretariat who coordinating the humanitarian response is interesting to that. the other official who has been targeted and who has to leave in the next 72 hours is one of the heads of the human rights office and was reminding you, you and human rights office has been working with the t o p and human rights commission. on a joint report on the situation into gray and that report is about to be released any day now. so that is also an important backdrop for what we're seeing is not just the secretary general barbara who's upset about this. it's also the un security council. they been meeting in the last hour to discuss libby or in fact they part a compromise resolution to keep the un mission going in libya after a dispute about that. and i spoke to many of the ambassadors about the t grey situation and they are very, very concerned about the situation and what has happened. they certainly support the secretary general. they do not believe these un stuff. we're doing what the
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government says they were doing, which was meddling in the internal affairs and was looking likely, although it's not been scheduled yet because it's the beginning of the month to morrow, new presidency takes over the security council, kenya. what's likely, i think is the un security council is going to meet to discuss this in the coming hours. there have been rallies in the sudanese capital to condemn, last week's attempted coup. hundreds of people to the streets of cartoon calling for an end to the power struggle within the transitional government that the attempted coup has been blamed on forces loyal to the depose, that former president, omar bashir, bahama, to do has more now, from cartoon, the familiar slogan from the protest 420182019 once again, echo was done in the capital 200 took to the cheats to express their anger at what they say is an attempt by the ministry to disrupt the conflict transition to
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democracy. when we were expecting a speedy transition to civilian rule, we don't actually feel there is a transition to anything here yet. today, there is no freedom. peace or justice in sudan pensions between st. dunst, military and civilian politicians, reached a law point this week. after the recent attempted coup, when it took power 2 years ago, the transitional government promised to fix decades of mismanagement, in tunnel conflict and international sanctions. under the former president bush's, but it's yet to demonstrate to the people who sit done that it can undo damage done by shoot us, redeem, kickstart the countries struggling economy, and move the country toward genuine democratic governance. and i've done everything in the what we needed to revamp and strengthen government institutions, especially our weak institutions of justice. only then would we stop worrying about who rule sudan against all odds on most british salsa dance. young people have in the past both
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a peaceful and disciplined movement. that's all the toppling of one of the world's most autocratic again, that's all for my president, my husband. but you know, the transition in that country remains white in fighting and hopefully within the company. come home once again finding themselves trying to hard to get the voices hot. i also angry the cleanliness of those who died 2 to 3 years ago, yet to get just public this content that's also been mounted economic reforms severely review subsidies on petrol and diesel. more than doubling. the pseudo is pound runs on civil official and black markets rates, and is depreciated, causing a loss of cash from the formal economy. these activities say nothing will stop the much having a better way of life, and they will bring mission that's non little for decades. how many dollars either
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had to sit down began b as a truth commission has delayed the release of a report on crimes committed and the former president john is 22 year rule. hundreds, the victims and former government officials testified the hearings that lasted for more than 2 years. they accused john ms. regime, which fell in 2017 of rape, murder and torture. the findings were due out on thursday, but the commission says 4 volumes of the report are not finished. the former president is currently an exile and there are concerns. he will avoid prosecution. after his part, he form that alliance with the current president ahead of december's elections, say to mattie joy is the executive director of began views center for research and policy development. he says many gandy and feel betrayed by the government is the one
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where he was implemented on was want to move forward in that one might not be for me to do this and. a i think is what we're seeing officially the process. so when it comes to when it comes to the number of government with phil to come on the news, our leak research for facebook back in the whole seat. this time over the harmful effects of the instagram of the mental health of children and the u. k. a police officer who use this position to rape and murder,
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a woman is given life in prison without parole. coming up in fort the golf championship or power rather than precision is the order of the day a the u. s. congress has passed legislation to afford a government shut down the stop gap funding bill easily passed the house and senate . it will now go to president joe biden for signing before government funding runs out at midnight. but another test, the biden's agenda lays ahead as the house of representatives, prepared to vote on a one trillion dollar infrastructure plan. how does your castro joins us live now from washington d. c. so high to heidi disaster averted for now. but it isn't over just yet. is it? it is not barbara because just congress has stamped out one fire that it was
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immediately facing by funding the government. now through early december, there is yet another blaze that is argue, early thinker on the horizon. what i'm talking about is mid october when the us will reach its debt limit. that is the legally authorized dollar amount which cannot be surpassed. which means the u. s. can no longer borrow more money to pay its bills and would go into default that has never happened in history. and economists say that if it does, it could be catastrophic. putting the u. s. economy into recession and echoing across the global market. congress is agree that they do not want that to happen. however, the republicans who in the past and for the trump administration, has had aided in raising the debt ceiling this time around or refusing to do so for the bite and administration. and that leads democrats with the task of having to go
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at it alone, which is possible, but difficult, given the closing window of opportunity. so that's on the democrats to play, but they also have this other, as you mentioned, this infrastructure bill that is pending, that is among biden's greatest agenda items he wants not only for that bill to pass, but also to expand the social safety net at a cost of some $3.00 and a half trillion dollars, the largest government expansion in decades. that would expand health care education, capital, climate change, alyssa, priorities that democrats back. however, the liberal members of the democratic party. they want all of that to pass at once . while moderates have only agreed to support that smaller infrastructure portion of it, and are cautious about the spending increases and the tax hikes that the greater package would require. so now in the middle of these 2 wings of the democratic party is the fate of his instrument infrastructure. bill supposed to come to the
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house floor for a vote to ny, but it is very unclear whether or not it has the vote to pass. and all of this is happening, of course while voters are watching and not only jake is the biden administration's domestic agenda, but also the credibility of the democratic party to voters had a joke after with the latest from washington d. c. heidi, thank you. more than 22000 refugees and my grand sir stuck in the north colombian beach town of nicole clean waiting for smugglers to help them cross into panama, the migrants who are mostly from haiti, or attempting to travel through one of the most dangerous and impassable regions. in the world, the diary and gap is the only overland route between south and north america. $500.00 people are allowed to board boats in the coakley each day which takes them to the start of their perilous journey. but $1500.00 arrive in the small town every
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24 hours. those who find the boat, then face a 6 day journey on foot through roadless and lawless jungle, they often arrive in parliament, the hydrated, ill or robbed of their belongings. but from their they still have to make it through nicaragua, honduras. what am i, la, and mexico before finally reaching the us border seller and he joins us now. live from nicole clear. we just got a glimpse. they are just the, what the journey is like for the many will for all the refugees and migrants or they are certainly they're hoping to even embark on that journey. tell us a little bit about what the situation is in the coakley where you are now. well barbara, there's almost or more than 20000 people who are now here in nick oakley. most of them come from haiti, but they had already resettled in
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a country in south america. many after a saving her earthquake that hit the country back in 2010. and the issues that come through in the following gales years also push to many people to move to brazil. and sheila, but now in the last year or so following the economic crisis due to the covey 19 restrictions as pushed to many people to start their journey again and try to reach the united states. this is now possibly the biggest bottleneck in that journey. in south america and nickel cleared a small beach down on the border with the panama. and as you were saying in your introduction, many get hold up here trying to get on boats to cross the golf. behind me the golf over and reach another small town, the last one in columbia before embarking in
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a 56 days long journey through the jungle. but many, now i've been here for 2 or 3 weeks trying to do that because panama has now put a quota on the number of people that they accept entering the country. and so columbia is also not selling more than $500.00 tickets on these boats per day. now, some people try to cross on illegal boats, especially venezuelans and cubans who are also here. we also understand that there are migrants from african countries from bangladesh, and even a danny stand. there are in the same situation. many of them i've already journeyed through many countries through south america. in the case of the asians, most of them come from brazil or sheila, they're telling us that they weren't able to continue working there, that they've lost their work or they wouldn't simply making enough anymore. and
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they are now trying to reach the united states for the time being their blocks. here, allison, with the latest from the beach town of nickel clee, in columbia. listen, there was always thank you. the united nations has condemned the killing of a prominent hunger muslim leader in bangladesh. police say, well, he blood died on wednesday after being shot by a group of gunman in the cox's bazaar refugee camp. he was an outspoken activist than community spokesman. nearly a 1000000 hungers have fled to bangladesh since me and mars military crack down in 2017 demonstrators in bahrain have rallied against the visit by israel's foreign minister. they oppose bahrain forming diplomatic ties with israel last year in the us broker deal. they're calling for an immediate hope to the court, which they say goes against the palestinian people. he's la pete was hosted by
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bahrain king, crown prince, and prime minister, and signed 5 bilateral cooperation deals. a woman's protest in the african capital kabul has been quickly shut down by taliban as far as he's demonstrators stood outside a government school holding posters, stating education is essential for human identity. taliban members brandishing weapons stood close by before moving in to clear the rally. in recent weeks, the taliban announced new measures for female students despite earlier promising to uphold women's access to education. they have now been banned from secondary schools and universities. well kept out of foreign minister has expressed disappointment over recent moved by the new taliban governments of garrison mohammed been abdul rahman fanny spoke after talks with the e. u foreign policy chief, joseph burrell, in the the trying to demonstrate for body bonds as,
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as muslim country. how muslim countries can conduct the laws, how they can deal with the women issues. we have one of the example is the set of which is i'm assume country in our constitution, our system is in a stomach system. why do we have women outnumbering men in war forces and government and higher education? so it's very important for the muslim countries to show good examples for thought of on in order to avoid any mistreatment for the women or misusing of chevy. st. robbie has more on this fund doha. some of the most powerful and critical statements being made by counter with regards to the new taliban government. now
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it is coming from a place of wanting to continue to engage with the leadership of kindest on now. and that is the overall message that the country government continues to push that the only way to continue to convince the african taliban to govern better. now that they're in charge of the country is to maintain dialogue, is to continue to communicate. it is not to isolate them, even though there is a massive trust deficit that exists now between the new taliban leadership and for instance. and jose or members of the media. certainly the international community, from european countries to other organizations in the west. there, there is a trust deficit that is holding people back from trying to engage on humanitarian grounds and otherwise and cut their advice here is that the only way to move forward is to continue to maintain dialogue. and you know, we, it's a tricky place for her to be and it was a difficult question that came from a reporter in the cutter. foreign minister did you know, express disappointment at actions that he sees are taking things in
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a kind of gone backwards. what he was referring to are using public hangings and being stop from going into the workforce and going into schools and which is why he made the point that because there's a good example of finding a balance between modernizing and implementing sharia law. and he says that there is the risk of sherry a law being misused. now, what international community members are calling for is for the african taliban government to have a more inclusive government to have more people involved. and how i've got this done is run to have more of a say from african it's from all walks of life. the us and russia have held another round of strategic talks in switzerland, deputy secretary of state, wendy sherman led the us delegation at the geneva gathering. it was organized the ease tensions between the world's 2 largest nuclear powers in a joint statement. the 2 sides said the meeting was intensive, and substantive. facebook has insisted its products do help young people,
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even though the company's own research found it could harm them. the tech giant's global safety chief told the us senate hearing that it monitor is how children use its products to minimize the bad and maximize the good. the firm has been accused of ignoring its own study that was leaked to the media on the negative impact of instagram, which is owned by facebook on the young people's mental health it since i put a new instagram service for children on hold following heavy criticism, i know that we have released a number of the reports and we are looking to find ways to really release more of this research. i want to be clear that this research is not a bombshell. it's not causal research. it's in fact, joe, with a product this, this research is a bomb shell. it is powerful gripping remedying evidence that
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facebook knows of the harmful effect of its sight on children and that it has concealed those facts and findings. statical haine has been following the hearing and has more from washington. so this whistleblower turned over the wall street journal. facebook, the own research on the impact instagram has on teams. and here just a couple of the headlines from their own slides. we make body image issues worse for one in 3 girls, teen girl, one and 5 to instagram makes them feel worse about themselves. here's another headline, team to struggle with mental health that instagram makes it worse again. this is facebook who owns instagram? this is their research, this is them putting this on paper for internal distribution. so then the wall street journal gets it. facebook responded several days later, just last night,
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saying here are the slides and annotation saying the slides don't really say what you think. they say that this isn't meant the research was meant to show a consent cut, show a casual relationship, a causal relationship. and so what we're hearing now did that's the reason for the hearing. so they have this vice president of security, and he's basically telling senators exactly what spoken instagram said, look, yes, this is the research, but it doesn't. it's not as bad as you think it is. she went on to say, this isn't a bombshell report. sen blumenthal said, of course it's a bombshell report, and so they've been going back and forth. she's been fairly good at not answering their question when they say, well, the research that you have says that she was, i wouldn't characterize it that way. and then the centers are responding saying, but it's your own research. so all of this is going to possibly lead to new regulations on not just instagram facebook but also show media on how they market
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to children. well, let's speak to danny, vice. he's the chief advocacy officer at common sense media, a non profit group focused on improving the impact that technology has on children . and that into this live now from washington over a skype. so thank you so much for joining us here. just following on from what we were hearing practical hanes, say our reporter, whether this is or isn't a bomb show report, do you think it is? absolutely, and it's good to talk with you. this is a bombshell and the bindings of the wall street journal came out with through a whistleblower as your reporter was just talking about are very damning of facebook and the way that it operates. and the attitude that facebook has towards children and teens, a special group of people who need extra special protections, any parent would know that. and facebook should know that to this is a long standing problem with facebook in 2 ways. one is that they never take
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ownership of things that are proven to be true about facebook that are negative. they often say that people are misconstruing when in fact the evidence shows differently. and secondly, their system is designed to attract the greatest number of viewers to get the greatest number of advertisements. so. ready it's all about profit, there's nothing wrong with profit, except when extra profit is had at the expense of children and they should really change their practices. the main thing to seem to come out of the report was obviously the impact, especially on young girls, on their body image and mental health due to being bombarded with these images. and also a question was asked during the senate hearing about the site was also being used to facilitate facilitate sex trafficking, which obviously are 2 different issues. but do you think that there is anything that can be changed in the algorithm, for example, to make children or young people less susceptible to what they see on instagram, for example? or do you think you think it's just in built in the app that that's,
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that's the profile. no, absolutely. it can be changed. the problem is it is built in. it's not built in necessarily through the technology. it's the way that the company has chosen to operate their technology. there are 3 things that can be done at this point. one is that parents all over the world need to get better educated about what their children, whether they're teenagers or younger than that, are doing and seen on social media. parents need to have more of a relationship with their kids so that they can have a better idea of what their kids are experiencing and explain it to them and try to steer them away from some of the worse content. secondly, technology companies themselves can take steps to minimize the distribution, the viral nature of the most negative and toxic stuff. and the 3rd thing is because of companies like facebook and others that are reluctant to take action. government really needs to step in whether it's the administration here in the united states,
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the federal trade commission, or the united states congress. where now you're seeing bipartisan support for action. there's clearly a need for government to step in and hold companies accountable. what you say step in and hold them accountable, but accountable in what way and what could government ask them to do? and would they be able to do it assuming the will, would even be there? the 1st thing that that they can do is they can chain. they can provide one of our main laws, the copper they can update. currently, it only governs children that are 13 and younger. it should go all the way up to 16 so that you put greater put greater protection on the privacy of, of teams. in addition, government can set rules that would affect the algorithms that would ban dark patterns. the ways in which truly toxic materials is distributed through the federal trade commission and through the senate commerce committee and the house
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energy and commerce committee. there's normal leverage over check companies. all that we need to see now is for republican and democratic members of congress to come together and for president biden to make this a priority, which i believe you will to hold the companies accountable and change these roles. you mentioned earlier that one of the steps that should be taken is that parents need to be more involved and need to understand more about what these platforms are . and there are so many. i mean we're talking about instagram, but they're stop chart. there is tick tock, there's youtube for kids, even walk 5 groups can become quite hawks that give you have to give advice. the parents would just say that actually, maybe it's just better for kids not to be on any social media platform until they are in 1516 or you know, teenagers. yeah, that's a really good question. and it's a question that all parents struggle with a common sense media. if you go to the common sense media website, common sense, or you'll find all kinds of tips for parents about how to navigate the cell phone when to get a cell phone for
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a child. when to allow them to go on certain apps for younger children, for kids under 13 parents should really limit the children's exposure to social media and to the phone itself. and they should spend more time with their children . if the child is using any of those social media platforms that you just talked about. obviously for older teens, it becomes difficult. we all know about the relationship between parents and teenagers. there's a lot of time spent apart from each other. so you need to start early, you need to educate children at an early age, about how to have a healthy life on the internet. that's called digital citizenship, which is something that we practice and teach a common sense. but there's the other side of it. if kids are going to be exposed to this stuff, you want them to be exposed to the best that's out there, not the worst. we shouldn't have children constantly struggling to learn how to navigate a cruddy system. you want the system to be filled with the.


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