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tv   [untitled]    November 2, 2021 3:30am-4:01am AST

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jesters and gods in the ghetto. ah, this will end ah! the tribute continue for a 2nd day of celebration on tuesday all souls day a day to celebrate not just the saints but all the dead. i number that seems to be growing at an alarming rate. john henderson, al jazeera, puerto prince haiti. ah, don't forget, you got the headlines here now to 0. we're leaders of agreed to and deforestation by 2030. it's the 1st commitment made the cop $26.00 climate conference in glasgow . the you and 2nd, the general is calling for systemic action to avoid catastrophic climate change. i would addiction to foreseen. fools is pushing humanity to the body. we face us thought choice. either we stop it or it stops us. and it's time to
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say enough enough of built the lising, biodiversity it off of killing though ourselves with carbon enough of t thing. nature like a toilet. enough of burdening and dealing and minding, go away deeper. we are digging our own graves rebels in ethiopia, northern to gray regions say they joined up with forces from our amir, the countries most populous region. the teepee left says it sees the town of comm boettcher, while rebels an army. i say they've seen the town of, can me say both towns are on the highway to the capital at a saba at 21 story building has collapsed in nigeria, lagos, killing at least 3 people. dozens. i thought with trapped in the rubble of the residential complex that was under construction, french president emanuel macro, delaying new customs, checks against the u. k. a dispute of the fishing rights after briggs, it was threatening to turn into
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a wider trade dispute. but more talks have been planned to defuse the crisis. the u . s. supreme court, his hearing arguments about an abortion law in texas, the regulation effect of the bands terminations once a fetal heartbeat is detected, hundreds of thousands of protests against it across the country. and vote counting is underway for south africa. local elections. monday's polling drew a poor response from voters expected to be the toughest contest yet for the ruling african national congress party. some predictions suggest the answer when less than half of the vote is been facing growing discontent. of a rundown infrastructure and social inequality and russians are staying away from work this week as the country struggles with record corona virus cases and deaths. moscow was the worst effected and has been locked down since thursday. health officials reported more than $40000.00 infections and at least a 1000 deaths on monday. well, those were the headlines and he's continues here now to 0 after inside story
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station. thanks for watching bye. for now. ah. 425. he is a beacon of balanced and uncompromising journalism in the middle east, with a bold goal to be the voice of the voiceless. but what does the future hold out of the or a media network and journalism, and how the media landscape changed? this is inside story. ah hello, welcome to the program. i'm adrian finnegan. it was established 25 years ago to
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give a voice to the voiceless around the world. the out of here a network has questioned leaders, angered politicians, and tackle topics often seen as to boot. but the path to become the 1st use channel in the arab world to tell the human story has come with many risks. dangers ranged from having to close its offices, bureau in high risk regions to them even being bombed, at least 11 employees have been killed while reporting facts on the ground. many of its journalists have also been detained and tortured, but the organization that began in 1996 as an arab language news channel has never stopped growing. the acting director general of out a 0 media network must officer, reflects now on its history and place among the world's media. they go to was to create a channel and media center. that would be more like the bbc. that was the model of that type. a media that is free,
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independent, brave, bring the truth to the people, to the people in the middle east. because at that time, media in the middle east was under the control of the government or over. and in many ways it's still that way. and it used to be the spoke us person, the mouthpiece of the government, and people actually lost every faith in that kind of media. does either want to create want to create a content to present content, to is audience that would bring faith the media. and that's what happened to bring knowledge to the people true information. and with the hope that that would create a new media culture out 0, tomato shall take
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a look back now at the history of the media network. ah, at the time of its launch in 1996 i'll jazeera was seen by many, is merely a drop in a media ocean dominated by mostly western news channels and outlets 25 years later that drop has caused ripples the world over forcing astronomy of change across the globe, before al jazeera launched, the arab world enjoyed little if any media freedom, citizens from iraq to mauritania were told what to think and say, through state on channels that focused on glorifying their leaders. whilst ignoring the concerns of ordinary people. but when the channel began broadcasting under the slogans of the opinion and the other opinion and the voice of the voiceless, it's earned the respect and recognition of millions and it's viewership rocketed. while most media outlets were embedded with american and british forces during the occupation of iraq odyssey were reported,
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the otherwise untold story of the human cost of the war as it had done before and a gun is done. but this came at a heavy price. odyssey ra journalists were injured, arrested, and even killed. among them thought of a you who was killed by us strike on the capital. baghdad illegally occupy palestine al jazeera has always been present. it's cameras broadcasting the daily struggles of palestinians living under is radio occupation, correcting a narrative that had previously failed to tell that side of the story killed by the israeli army. from the 2nd intifada to the attack on an 8th flotilla headed to the besieged, gaza strip. and until the recent war in 2021, the network has reported the story from all sides and angle. again, this resulted in its offices in gaza, being bombed this time by the israeli army, live on tv in early 2011. the networks motto being the voice of the voiceless, crystallized arab capital of the arab capitol erupted with anger. and millions of
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people took to the streets, demanding freedom justice and a better life. these are the people i'll do. 0 was on the ground reporting live while local, regional, and even some international channels failed to acknowledge the historic protests that became known as the arab spring. all the while the network remained loyal to its other motto, giving era time to everyone, including the regimes that were cracking down on their own people. in 2017, and a testament to how influential al jazeera had become a blockade on that was imposed by egypt. saudi arabia, bahrain, and the united arab emirates, they insisted the channel must be shut down for the blockade to be lifted. a demand rejected by cutters leader whose country hosts the network. so you're not going to shut down. i don't know when the country's ruler sticking to the commitments made by his father on the day the channel was launched back in 1996 and rest assured the
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channels freedom will not be restricted politically. it'll be a platform for every opinion. what started off as an arabic language channel 25 years ago is now a global media network that includes 5 different channels. several websites and a plethora of digital platforms, all have cemented themselves as leaders in their field. all of them seeking the human story and striving to speak truth to power. a quarter of a century has passed and what was once described by form, adrian dictates office. nemo bought it as a tiny much box is now a global media empire whose flame continues to burn as a beacon of free press in a region that has never needed. it's more dramatic y'all. i just don't know how the so let's bring in our guests. joining us from here in bo hi is colored out via who's
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a political cartoonist focusing on the arab spring and freedom of expression from a man. we're joined by at the old cook top who's a journalist and board member of the international press institute. and scott lucas is in birmingham. he's a political analyst and a meritus professor of american studies of the university of bumming of welcome to all of you. i'm going to begin this discussion with the kind of question that i'd normally reserved for the end of inside story. and what i don't want it to be entirely self congratulates re it is our 25th anniversary. so i'd like to know from each of you what al jazeera means to you personally, why is it become important to you at what impact is it had on, on people and society where you're from scott. well, a few years before al jazeera was created, 1996. i was struck by another cable out cnn whose motto at the time of the
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1991, iraq war was we keep america on top of the world. now i have great respect for cnn . i've worked with cnn. have a great deal of respect for the b, b, c. but by and large, the international media world for many people was of a prison seen through prism same through us and u. k outlets or possibly european outlets that creation of al jazeera 1st out there arabic than algeria. english. opened up the media space that open up the media space. in part, as you mentioned in your introduction, simply because eric communities, where was their voice out to the world, where was their voice about their own communities. but then also the notion of your arabic then out your english reporting from the ground up. that you didn't have to think of africa with middle east or latin america 1st and foremost, as a playground of washington or london or mosse for beijing. that was important. this isn't to say that i was there english despite all your best efforts has always
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given voice to the voiceless. but it has had that intent since the 1990 s. and just to have that goal, especially because the 21st century world. as we're seeing today with issues like climate change, the pandemic as well as conflict. those conflicts are becoming even more damaging. we need more and more voices, which simply are recognizing the human cost as well as the human aspiration, rather than representing $1.00 country or one states pointing to a point of view, towed. what is out here remains here. what impact has it had on journalism in the middle east and north africa? people in the region now more informed as, as more of the regions journalists have sought to emulate out his ear as journalism . over the last 25 years, while in 1995, i remember giving a lecture that arab television news ad does not have the idea of live studio interviews. they ed basically
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a point in anchor who is loyal to the government and they can control what the anchor asks, but they cannot control what the answer is from a guest. now when i was 0, came that whole idea of not having live interviews was thrown out of the basket. and now even the state run television knows that they cannot work unless they have live interviews. that was the kind of technical side. but it actually showed how much open space the address here provided. but i, what i like the most about al jazeera is not only the fact that it provides opinions from both sides of a particular issue. but it actually provides pictures and video pictures of all sides. i know that there, when there was a tax in the north palestine or south lebanon, or when in guys you have like 4 or 5 live feeds some from guys, some from the borders of guys in israel, some from shed a ship out of that, some from the demonstration in nazareth tell you all of the same time, no station,
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no satellite station has ever done that, especially when the case it has to do with arabs or the palestinians. and so, and now and so then you know, you open up here and you have like 5 different feeds or live, no matter what you think of as 0 or, or, or the editorial line of 0. you actually get live feeds from the ground of what people are saying, what people are doing, what, what does it look like on the ground then? i think that's the most important power. the resources that as a viewer has and the way they use their resources with all sides to particular story is just amazing. charlotte, what does that mean for you? what impact has it had on society in the middle east and north africa? to what extent has it been a capitalist change? would those changes have happened? if else's era hadn't been in existence? i mean for me personally, i feel as some sort of godless for me as well. i mean, i,
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the political cartoonists just starting to do, to understand what politics is and coming in as a young son over an economical refugee here and, and how and where, where we were working. and, and of course, you know, my father was very interested in the news, but he always laughed at the 9 o'clock news, which was like the small segment that they had the end of the day. because he was all just breathing the grade leader. and you know, whether it's and it's on or elsewhere. so when i'll do 0 came, i mean, everyone was just in their tears waiting of the church waiting for what the next thing that going to happen. because for the 1st time we actually had a conversation. we actually heard from different signs, well we actually heard from the find that we never heard of before. so. busy that god created a lot of conversation which was needed and still needed actually until today. and i remember i was going to sit down and 997. whether you know as
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a family and going everywhere. and l 0 is an every the, you know, you go to the barbershop, go to a restaurant and everyone was just there. what you know, listening told is there, because this is, you know, this is where this is where combination happens is the only place where a conversation happens. and in all of these highlights of my life a for the life of my generation, you see like, you know, the 911, you know, i still remember sitting in a dorm room in, in my, in the rest of the, and, you know, the everyone is screaming even if you're going to get out there on tv, get your on tv, you know, so this is what everyone was, was looking for at that at that time. and of course, it became also a capitalist for other people, for competition to start, you know, and which is very important as well. so i think the world would have been very different without all there. and of course, you know, even for me is i, my work became kind of having our news from our side. and this is really kind of
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what i'll start to do as well as giving the news from our side. so for the 1st time ever is not western or telling the story of what's happening and the sign or what's happening is donna, what's happening elsewhere. it's actually someone from their telling the world what is going on from our point of view from, from, from what we see and how we feel. scott, you're in birmingham, in the u. k. of course, many people outside of the middle east and north africa will have no idea that al jazeera is this huge media network with it, with a whole range of, of different television and internet services. how important do you think the addition of the english landel channel, the english language channel and, and website was to the network and its impact globally? well, it was important for the channel, but it was more important for those of us who wanted news and information. i can remember in 2003 at the time of, of the iraq war that, of course,
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at that point it was primarily al jazeera arabic out there, english. i think it just started its website, which immediately came under attack. we didn't have alex's or english television at that point, but at least we heard of these reports coming out of the arabic world, even if we couldn't speak arabic. and we saw the images as our guitar mentioned, which brought that war to us, or be it through or outlets. you said, look at what we've gotten from out 0. and then i can recall in 2000 age 2 very, very different stories that taught me why i'll just hear english were so important on the outside as it were during the israeli attacks on garza, at the end of that year, cnn could not report from gaza city it could not report on the human cost. it was based in cairo, the baby she was coming out of jerusalem. i'll just say english. who i think right now ma, holding unsure in taught tundras, were the only 2 english language correspondence. reading out the central news of
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what was happening during that 6 week conflict. but at the same time, i was actually seeing this in atlanta, georgia visiting my parents. and as always getting news from algebra or english website, my sister charge didn't, so turn that off, turn that off, turn that off. that's what website, that's terrorist, the f b i will read the house. so even then, after hours during the show, that stablish itself was becoming important. that misconception of what it was in the united states that i did it was, it was the enemy, you still had to fight against. when you tried to say, look, they're not the enemy, they're what we need in this 21st century world. 3rd, i was just here, of course, funded by the country government as a private entity with public benefit. that is a angle separation between states and broadcaster, as there is with, with public broadcasters all over the world. it is editorially independent. and yet it's often accused of being the mouthpiece of the cavalry government. or do you
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think viewers and users of its digital services realised that, do you think that, that, that it's different to other broadcasters in the region, does it matter to them? well, 1st of all, to operate m a worldwide satellite, if you need a lot of resources and no matter who the source of the resources there is always there a problem. i think in the cut their case there was 2 advantages that cut their head for the fact that as you said, there was a strong attempt to separate the funders from that toria policy. it worked most of the time but didn't work all the time. but it was much better than all the state one media. the 2nd part was that cut, they're generally the small country in the arab world. and so there wasn't that much that they cut their news happen. in fact, when cut there. and so the re be had, there are conflict actually that's when they did tauriel, independence of color was actually challenged and tested, didn't do very well,
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i think. but still on almost all other news, other than the cut their news cutter was fine. they covered all points of view. they said that the same point of view and opposition, beth is point of view and the opposition, the moroccan kings, the position, and the opposition, and so on and so forth. so you know, of the 330000000 arabs got there really is not that much of a story. and so in that sense it actually played, it was very helpful that they didn't really have to worry about their own situation . and as a result, you know, on the palestine issue, they were great on lebanon, they're fine theory. they find most of the countries that they covered, they will find, in fact, i would argue that in the arab spring, the media was so strong that it actually went, it was ahead of the public because what we saw is that the local leaders local part, you are not able to organize fast enough to take over power and we've had those
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problems that we've seen in egypt and other countries that really they couldn't govern as quickly with good. busy trained experience, the leaders that we needed, but the media was way ahead of them. colored something like 100 nationalities are represented in our diverse newsrooms working across all of our channels and on platforms. i important you think that diversity is in the networks coverage of, of, of events. if it was stuff by people purely from the middle east and north africa, that be very different tone of voice would definitely definitely, i mean for me i it's, it's definitely the diversity that brings in a lot of different voices. a lot of different stories, the interests, and also discovering new things as well because the locality is very important. i mean, you know, if a journalist is looking for a story locally, it really brings out what the societies thought. and in a lot of times you know,
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i get a call. busy from a friend and all the 0 or i also big stories and it's about this is what's happening right now. we should speak about this or they should speak about this or, you know, so it's very important that i think it's very important and expertise as well. that people get from that, you know, cuz you get one from the staff staff and that's amazing. that's really great to bring all of this in and work with local arab journalists to do to further their, their, their expertise as well. score by, by striving to give all sides of a story and reflect diverse points of view. the networks often come in for criticism. it was the 1st arab broadcaster to bring the israeli perspective to the arab world. just how important was that, that historical standpoint you think 25 years ago. why does, does not mission to strife a true for honesty, balance of allowing viewers and readers to make up that old line their own lines? why is that that still controversial today? or is any issue of international conflict?
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there is more than one side of the story. but precisely when you talk about israel and palestine, when you talk about the u. s. versus trying out, or when you talk about russia versus lots of other folks, you know, there's a tendency for people to go into camps. you know, my side right, your side wrong. and i'll just say are english out 0 arabic, although not as much in certain cases, but they strove to present more than one side of the point of view about these conflicts. and they do so today i think whether it's talking about e. c o p n t gray, for example, whether it's talking about the multisite issue that we're seeing right now happen in sudan. in other words, they actually are covering multiple sides of conflicts that often don't even have a single side that break through internationally. but having said that, without wanting to support your party, i think there's a couple of challenges to keep that going. i think the 1st is for how to 0 is that
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is that issue of resource. this issue being able to have the capacity to tell multiple sides of the stories of al jazeera had problems trying to launch a channel the united states. you know that story because that society is a very difficult media market right now. out. his era has had to cut back on certain areas of the world such as covering europe, but still it strives for that. and the reason why i think that's important is because fathers looked at al jazeera english and out there arabic. and they said, that's what model to reach lots of people, but they did it not to present all sides of the story when the russians did it with r t, they did it to present very clearly a single print, one side of the story, china with c g t v has done it to present beijing side of the story. and indeed, there are certain us outlets who present only one side of the story and not only internationally but from within the us. so that challenge to continue to give voice, not just to the voiceless, but to give voice to all the voiceless. ok,
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not just some that's the challenge to continuous when we're getting short on time here. so i need a, a brief ish on. so please, if you can give me one, do you agree with that? are acting? director general says that there's still much to be done. what do you think that the challenges that face al jazeera are for the next 25 years? well, there's always for sure. there's a lot to be done in that for sure. and the world needs to hear different points of view and we need the ability to infiltrate, not only television, but also the social media. now with a j less than others. you doing a fabulous job. and i think what needs to be done is to really understand the young people and the new technology that is being developed every day as we speak and how to kind of stay on the front or at least alongside the new technology. i think that the biggest challenge you have said about geography, it's more about technology. would you agree with that? yes, absolutely. i mean this is, this is what's, what's ruling the world right now. it is, it is acknowledging,
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but also it's independence bank. the. ready more that presents itself as you know, as an independent entity and pushes for more media freedoms. it's definitely it has a respect already over a lot of people are not active because of what happened during the spring because of the, the support showing both sides of the story. but does continue, especially now with the, with, with, with, with the policies of what's, what's happening now in the region. i think it's a huge challenge to show that we are, you know, is an independent channel, gentleman that we must end our discussion many thanks. indeed for being with us on this 25th anniversary. i really appreciate it. so colored a bear that would could sub and scotland because thank you to, don't forget you can see the program again at any time just by visiting the website . that's algebra dot com for further discussion. join us at our facebook page at
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facebook dot com for slash ha inside story. and you can join the conversation on twitter or handle at ha, inside story from me, adrian, for the good of the whole team here. a doha, thanks for watching. see again with with november, oh now to sierra 5 years after the his story, he feel between fuck rebels in the colombian government algebra examined white tensions and violence of rising once again. emmy award winning for flies investigates the untold stories across the us. millions encompassed on boat in
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a sense race is the story of america. what's working and what's not. a lot of people were only talking about that. it wasn't at the top of the agenda if america can't handle multiple challenges on multiple fronts. we need to go back to school. the bottom line on al jazeera with i'm darn jordan and go on the top stories here on the al jazeera, a 120, were leaders of gather and glasgow for what's being described as a make or break moment in the fight to contain global warming. they've arrived with messages making clear the severity of the climate emergency, but it's far less certain whether they will deliver the action needed to stave off catastrophic levels of warming. and one early agreement, more than a 100 nations have agreed to.


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