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tv   [untitled]    November 18, 2021 3:30am-4:01am AST

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it is a painting in the storming of the senate to try and stop the certification of president joe biden's election with the body of a man has been found in an exclusion zone around and erupting volcano on the spanish island of la palmer. it's believe the 72 year old died. when the roof of his house collapsed. he was reported missing a week ago. the cranberry via her volcano initially began erupting in september. but since then, residents have been allowed to enter the zone to retrieve personal items. ah, type a quick check of the top stories here on al jazeera medics incidence at least 15 people have been shot dead by security forces during another protest against last month's military take over. dozens of people have been injured by life, fire, and tear gas. racial soda has molnar from the capital cotton. we are now in the border district capital cartoon, and people have started together here around 1 pm,
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a local time, which is the usual practice for this project. so remember, this brought us today is taking place on a work in the usually the brought us these on the, on the weekends. and the brought us to say that the reason that they decided to no contract brought us all the working days is to mark this is the most affordable only to move the country. so for testers, we're here, this is one of the district, but there are several other places, 7. hi there. this is the whole thing, this protest of security forces finding, interfering, people, there are a lot of people are shooting and it did these 1st dam. the u. s. secretary of state has reiterated calls for ceasefire in ethiopia, as conflict expressing concern the war could spill over to the horn of africa. anthony blinkin made the comments in kenya's capital during the 1st leg of his africa tort. the un envoy to afghanistan says the isola filiette in the country has expanded and seems to be present in all provinces. deborah lyons told the security
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council, the taliban is response is worrying. the warning follows the death of at least 10 people and 2 explosions and a capital a cobble. i sl kay claim responsibility for both loss. bella ruth, that set up shelters for migrants and refugees, stranded on the border with poland. thousands of people trying to reach the e. u. i've been living in makeshift camps. the world health organization says death from coven 19 have risen 5 percent in europe in the past week. the highest numbers being reported are in russia, britain, and germany. 2 men convicted of assassinating american civil rights leader malcolm x are expected to have their names cleared. after more than half a century, both spent decades in prison. it comes after an investigation found the f, b i and police with l key evidence that would likely have led to their acquittal. so those were the headlines. the news continues here on al jazeera after inside
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story stage, and thanks for watching bye for now. ah, complete but not operational, the law stream to project is put to hold. germany has hold to the approval for this pipeline that will bring rushing gas into europe. so is it a politically motivated decision and what does it mean for gas prices that are already hi, this is inside story. ah,
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hello, welcome to the program. i'm hashem, alibaba. a pipeline created to supply gas from russia to germany, and europe has suffered another setback. germany's and as the regulator has suspended approval of the north stream to it, once the russian company behind the project to form a local subsidiary to operate the german part of the pipeline, thus pushed up a whole se gas prices in the u. okay. and e u. and as your price as well ready, high after the winter in europe last year, put prussia on supplies. the us and many european countries say the project would increase europe's reliance or russian energy and could be weaponized by moscow. but russia maintains it will solve the continence energy crisis. last month president vladimir put in announced moscow could start supplies as soon as it gets the green light from germany. jeremy kobus, you know, part of edward zeppelin in the gossum,
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as i've already told you, his 18 point. 5000000000 cubic meters multiplied by 2 minus 9 billions of guest non delivered on the european markets by the americans and the middle east partners and 22500000000 shortage because of decreasing production, he, european gas markets could now face a shortage of 70000000000 cubic meters of guess that's a lot usually made you understood if it's in the earth pipeline of the north seemed to is full of gas. and if the gym and regular to hands have clearance for supplies to morrow, supplies of 17500000000 cubic meters will start the day after to morrow. in december or the technical work to fill the 2nd pipeline of north gym to will be finished. in total, the amount will be 55000000000 cubic meters void. ukraine opposes the nor stream gas pipeline and well come, the german regulates as decision. your if it ranko has the energy company, not so guys, and says the most a, just that the journal regulates as shies,
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our position, that sets of vacation can not only apply to the pipeline in germany. he says it should apply to the entire pipeline from the territory of the russian federation to the territory of germany. nasir him to is expected to double the volume of gas coming from russia into europe. the 1200 kilometer pipeline is owned by the russian energy giant gas rolled with investment from several european companies. it was carried 55000000000 cubic meters of natural gas a year nasir him to was bill to run under the baltic sea and bypass poland. and ukraine is predecessor nor stream one used the same brought were launched. the 2 pipelines could account for up to 60 percent of russia's gas, ex boss, to europe. in august, the u. s. impose sanctions of russian vessels laying the pipeline for the project.
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ah, let's bring in our gas in berlin, or rick broke now, professor of political science at stanford university and belinda in moscow. a part of the old fagen hower is political commentator and colonies for the via gazette in burn. cornelia meyer is an economist, and oil and gas specialist welcome to the program or rick, to what extent was the german watch those decision to suspend the approval for the nord stream to purely technical and based on administrative grounds? well this is hard to say on the one hand, it's not a court that actually independently, so an agency report to the government. and that was exactly the reason why the european court of justice criticized the status of the federal agencies for network approval. that the status should become more independent and in order to avoid
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political influence. so that's current state. it can be influence, they can receive orders from the government. but the question is, who's calling them? because we are in the middle of a handful from the medical administration to the new as we call it, street lights coalition with 3 parties involved. and therefore, no one is really in the driver's seat. at this point. puzzle, i understand the general sentiment in russia would be the basically, this is a politically motivated decision. well, naturally the kremlin says they believe it's not that this is a technical kind of a cup that russian kind of sponsor or nor street to a g, which is registered in switzerland and owns and operates and should operate north
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street too. i will have to create a german of surgery that will take 4 to 6 weeks to create and then the german agency, you again begin the process of certification and the general the period of certification which is 4 months beginning from a debt. that means january, they are complete. there's a problem that after that the issue may go 4 or more months in the european commission a. so it's not clear when they actually are more stream do is going to be operational . and that's not seen very good in brush cornelia, given the current situation, it seems that this is going to take at least 8 months for the paperwork to be processed in germany to ensure this is going to be under you jurisdiction. and you have the same time energy crunch, which is likely to further strain the economy in europe. how do you see this moving
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forward in the upcoming months? well, it's not easy and i don't think it has to take 8 months to a certain degree while unfortunate. i understand what the german regulator has done because switzerland is not in d, e. u and anything under swiss or you know, under swiss, her law is not, is not subject to the european court of justice. so if they want to get the pipeline approved by the e u, this may not feed the dumbest move that they have done. and so what, what, what really is important is to get to really fast track did that this incorporation at the move off the assets and then fast track the approval and give them the energy crunch that we have. i think it's in most people's interest to, to, to get this done quickly. however, as some our colleague in berlin has pointed out,
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we are in, we are in between a interregnum. we are between 2 governments and the new government. you have the social democrats, the s p day who is very pro on balance, very pro noise stream to and you have to greens who are very against noise stream too. so this is not gonna be, it's not going to be the easiest of times for noise stream too. but oh, rick, alert until a few months ago, the general feeling in europe that russia was not pumping enough gas into european continent choosing. instead, what it described as the neutral refill its own stocks. and this explains why many have been saying that russia is weapon ising. it's a gas. do you think that this decision by the german washington comes against the backdrop of this ongoing, a raw over how to do with gas supplies in europe?
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well, we have seen several winters in which russia, weaponized gas supply for a t o strategic reasons. and one can read the latest developments in a similar way, because we are currently in rather hot phase of a cold conflict that includes bella roles and it includes the ukraine. and certainly in russia, the best interest to see very high gas prices. while inside the european union, we see a number of countries being heavily dependent on russian gas that differs from country to country. and that also explains why we have a very capital pony hawkins called these days when it comes to think of shell north street and be open as soon as possible to lower the gas prices. where is this just another in teens, and that can be turned against the european union as a whole puzzle. i mean the gus giant gospel decided to reduce the shipments through
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the amal europe pipeline, that goes through below rows and also poland. things that instead in need of this particular moment to prioritize the refining of its own domestic storage facility, which lead man to think or, you know, what russia squeezing gas supplies for political reasons. oh, of course moscow rejects and you kind of say such notions and says that the higher gas prices in europe are result of very higher gas prices in b as if the k share region. and that a 5 gas supplies by tanker go in that direction instead of going to europe because the prices are higher there. and the gas promise is actually honoring all contract obligations. ok, but the problem, of course, is very much there. i guess prices mazda says it's not that interested. it's
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interested in a stable situation. but it's also clear as russia would want to have an option not to use the ukranian, a gas transport system at all, or to put pressure may be on ukraine or also if there's any kind of serious where on the border between ukraine and russia, which could technically even stop by the transit grass re break, then russia have options through to buy for and actually for them because they're 2 by brands. each with 2 pipes though you through, under the baltic sea. and of course, another one, the other pipelines going through turkey. so russia and could bypass a possible confrontation zone and continue to keep europe supply and maybe incent europe not to intervene and do any kind of where ups that could happen in
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eastern europe. cornelia, you have winter and you have energy crisis. how are we to blame? is it the post pandemic recovery? is it russia, or is it weather related events, particularly last winter? it is the perfect storm you had last winter. you had such a cold winter that starch was on plenty shed, and i have some sympathy for gas brom again for 1st filling their own storage because they had a cold winter to. so dare, storage shoe, it was, was deplete that to, for 1st you know, you 1st look after your own people and then then you go further. so, so that's one thing. then we have obviously the competition as was mentioned between them, asia and europe for l. n. g, big because china is importing more and more l n g this year, china will become the largest import, the globally of l. n. she, it will, it will supersede japan in that position. and so, so we have,
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and obviously we have some geopolitical tensions. but bed bed mainly it's the perfect storm of supply and demand. and when he comes to price, yes, obviously the high energy prices are partly to blame, but we also have to see that part of the european take off is indexed to oil. and so when oil prices go up, part of the part of the indexation goes up as well. so, so it's, it's tough and for europe, the question is, how do we get enough gas? and how do we ensure that we don't put the poor segments of the population for it to chop it to, to stark choice of do i eat or do i heat? now, a route for the governing coalition. in germany, you have a decision that is made now, which is most likely going to result in low storage levels. in europe, an energy crisis, different economies, sectors affected is there and a contingency plan here for germany and for europe. well,
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it's interesting that every member of the upcoming new government announces that we need to radical changes when it comes to climate change. and they are all pushing for renewables that more needs to be done more than what the previous government has done. and given that we've seen the rising gas prices that could potentially be leveraged on the stand, that it's now high time. and we shouldn't discuss the nitty gritty is of how it is turned is when mail next to a building or all the reasons why it didn't meet the targets that have been defined before. so there are certainly a push coming from the current what was described as a perfect storm that we'll see more efforts and more investment in renewables and decreases the cio strategic dependency from russia. pulses. this is
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a crisis moment. everybody's looking for leverage. oh, it comes to ukrainian the seem to be pretty much excited about the potential. what might happens next, particularly because they are now going to be part of the consultation process. do you think that the ukrainians now are given this unique opportunity? will they have to put more pressure on all the parties for whatever happens in the future? oh, yes, the your regulator, including the ukranian representative in germany. and if the gas there are gas transporting company in to the certification process, but of course it doesn't have any power. you, craig, an opinion may be taken into consideration, but no more than that. it's kind of nice at the, but it doesn't give you a grain, any kind of say. and they are worried that if russia managers to
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get a more stream to our crew, we opperation or any time soon in the coming year in the beginning of the coming year, that may give russia opportunity to do something more drastic in military terms of the brain. and also, of course, a cut the gradient supply through your brain may be dramatically, and that means they won't have to use the so called virtual reverse system to get russian. yes, but officially, not coming from russia, it's coming from. so you're somewhere, but actually rush and gas and they won't get that. so there are also problems this winter and in general, further on. so yes, gradients are buried on the number of issues concerning russia and they're very, very co nelly. how do you respond to the argument that one of the main reasons why in the past the russians were trying to deliberately withhold gas from europe is
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particularly because they were trying to push the europeans to shift from the spot market for chases to the newly online platform based in st. petersburg so that the russians will have a bigger se on the, on the trade it trading of gas. well actually the russians prefer, prefer not spot markets, but long term agreements. which when you know how much investment is needed into getting gas from the gas field to, to, to the end user to the burner tape is, is, is perfectly understandable. and i, i would not, i would not take big stock on that. and when it comes to ukraine is the ukraine. this is difficult, it's tricky. but i would also like to remind us that russia has supplied europe with gas for the past 50 years or so without essentially missing a beat. even, even when the former soviet union was breaking up. so yes,
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there are to politics and, and, and obviously did. they're playing politics. but in the end, over all russia has been a pretty reliable supplier. it also needed the foreign currency from, from europe. i would just like to quickly respond to our colleague in germany in terms of absolutely the german government wants to move to more renewables, but to get from here to dare, they will still need gas. let's not forget, they want to get out of coal there. what am i getting out of nuclear? so somehow you need to have to bass slowed to produce the electricity that everybody needs. ok, eric says we're scientific that are the ultimate go and game for all the parties here. now, europe, supplies of natural gas remain tight, which means are the prices are definitely going to continue to go up wishes most likely going to push many countries, germany in particular to revisit dirty fuel, particularly her coal and fuel oil. is this
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a good option given the coalition with the greatest part of it are definitely going to dismiss it. well, it is too early to predict what exactly the new coalition government will design. well, they keep everything secret, not only on energy policy, and she was strategic questions. but the whole coalition agreement is kept the secret. and we will know next week what the various compromises will look like. and one can read the decision today as a way to buy time for the new government to decide how to balance the conflicting interests, how to fulfill the requirements from the european union to divide the operation and the network. this is technically an important reason for the agency. why decide of the way decided, but i think it's also an additional geopolitical guardianship and the ongoing
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discussions with russia and bella ross. if one makes a move another country makes another move. and this does not even need to have anything to do with energy. pavel since this is definitely a crisis with geopolitical proportions now the russians because the supply 35 percent of the gas impulse for the european union have a leverage. but ultimately, their biggest concern is that if they have any future problems with a russian, it means that a huge chunk of the revenues the use to get from the european bucket is going to be massively affected. is this something which is likely to push the russians for a balancing act here? well, when you are needs a rush and russian gas, and of course, russian needs you are to russia is supplying natural gas japan to china. but the year in europe is
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a essential quiet. so russian euro bar tied together there of the future has problems with the c o 2, a signature on that station coming in effect in europe with european union saying that they will oppose any kind of extraction of gas or oil in the arctic with rushes, rejecting right now, so they are serious problems in the future, their problems right now. problems in the future as how rush is going to be seen in how russia is going to be interacting with you or on supplying gas. not only gas pressure supplies many other oil and methyl fertilizer and lots of other kind of a model. so these are russia, europe have to work together. but right now there's
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a lot of problems and a lot of misunderstanding is very complex and very dangerous. cordelia is said there is going to be a long way to go for the germans to before they have their own diversify do renewable energy platforms for the time being. do you think that bringing non russian oil to the european market is going to be easy tapping into potential resources nearby or looking for alternatives? is this something which is feasible in the short term? when he already, we already see l n g from all sorts fights of the world to come to europe, to l. n. g terminals. we have them pipelines coming from the mediterranean, from north africa, through the mediterranean. but mind you there again, we have, if you look at libya, if you look out a dodge area, we have geopolitical tensions. so, so, so there again, we need to m it's, it's just europe will need to get the gas empty oil from where they can get it and,
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and russia will, will, we will remain a major, a major supplier of oil. we will see the geopolitical tensions and, but it will remain very important for the time being because given energy transitioning haven that especially countries like germany, switzerland want to get out of nuclear. everybody wants to get out of coal. i don't see how you get. okay. gas, so rick, a less than a minute of your door. my, the european green deal is it's something that is likely to be a moment for the europeans to. so, you know, and it's about time for us to look into a des carbonized developed economy instead of this reliance that has been going on for generations with russia, which seems to be a major source of concern for the europeans now. well, this became certainly, you know, mainstream perspective not only in germany as a for climate change policies because we can't afford it. but it's also what
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the european union of the european commission, as the driver put to as the top priority. and this one, i'm don't mind the russian business model that is massively dependent on having partners that are still willing to burn fossil fuel. of course, it is a transition matter and it's a question of how long it's going to take. but it will certainly change neutral relationship between russia and the european union. if the green, your changes, the energy mix towards more renewables, quite fascinating of this study, i'm for that many people are thinking that the u. s. could step in and offer an alternative to supply for the europeans in case they decide to part ways with the russians by the banks will be seen whether the shale capacity and whether the americans will be able to fit in the gap and the void left by the bushes, if there is a split, a rick broken up a hollow canadian my,
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i really appreciate your insight. thank you very much. and thank you for watching. you can see the program again any time by visiting our website. i'll just, you know, the call to further discussion goes our facebook page. that's facebook dot com, forward slash a j in size, or you can also join the conversation on twitter. i'll hand it out, hey, j insights for me about about, and the entire team here in the ha, ah ah, and oh, the land of the free. if you are black or
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a criminal, you are someone who is supposed to shut up in excess. whatever america gives you a new episode of democracy maybe explores racial conflict, ethnic politics and inequality in the united states. they get upset if you say all lives because they want to focus on what we had a dream on al jazeera setting, the discussions, what is greenwashing is when an oil company talks green, but acts 30 unflinching journalism. are you committed to building a vibrant dealer, graphic afghanistan, sharing personal stories with a global audience? our ministers had no idea what happening on the shuffle, but i could see the body bag explore and abundance of world trials programming. climate change is another principle. if the issue of survival on al jazeera, serious delicacy, days with one man leading the country through us,
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present to us out as lost legitimacy, he needs to step down. how has he retained control through over a decade of war? we examine the global power games of president bashar al assad. we believe assad simply carrying out iranian orders. what keeps you awake at night? many a reason that could effect any human eyesight master of chaos on al jazeera. oh, hello, i'm down jordan doe. the quick reminder, the top stories here on al jazeera, medics in sedans, at least 15 people have been shot dead by security forces during another mass protest against last month's military takeover. racial said our reports now from the capital cartoon. the demonstrations is still down, continue less than a week after hundreds of thousands around the country to the streets, demanding the military of diverse is the core of the government. people came out on
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wednesday to be 3 that seemed demand.


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