Skip to main content

tv   War Hotels Saigon - Caravelle  Al Jazeera  March 16, 2022 1:30am-2:01am AST

1:30 am
and muslim groups are planning to challenge the ruling and india's supreme court, but cannot have a governance lawyer says the ruling marks a paradigm shift in the interpretation of religious freedom. that's guaranteed in the, in the constitution. there are concerns, the judgement could set a precedent. and lead to similar bands and other states, especially though it was governed by the hindu nationalist body. thea jumped the party of prime minister that in the mahdi elizabeth for autumn, al jazeera, new deli ah or one of the top stories on al jazeera, the mayor of keith has warned that ukraine's capital is facing a difficult and dangerous moment. a 35 hour curfew has been imposed and russian military convoys slowly encircling the city. there been russian strikes on residential buildings and metro stations that these 5 people died in the capital on tuesday. the prime ministers of poland, slovenia, and the czech republic,
1:31 am
or in keith, the 1st foreign leaders to visit ukraine since last month. invasion of talks with president vladimir zalinski, poland inferential, deputy prime minister, era slough. kazinsky said, an international peacekeeping force should be sent to ukraine, while the prime minister called on putin to call off his attack. this invasion has to store the blood on the street. your mothers, your children, wives, are safe. but those who are here by 14, they can never before go and they are not forgotten. a european union has still g, vertically accountable is thought of morgan, hostile invite your grown to the european union. ukraine says about 29000 people left several cities through humanitarian corridors. on tuesday, most of them were civilians who escaped, the besieged city of marable in private cars,
1:32 am
but desperately needed aid supplies and not entering the city. hundreds of thousands of people without food, water, and medicine. european union has expanded its sanctions on russia. the latest rounded crew to ban on investments in the energy sector and the import of steel and iron products is thought that will affect about $3600000000.00 worth of goods. is also a ban on european companies. exporting luxury items west or the $330.00 to russia, caught in moscow his find a journalist, $280.00 for her dramatic televised protest. marina or jenny covert interrupted a liability non state television holding up a sign reading stop the war. and she only said she was ashamed for promoting criminal propaganda to stay with us stories from the vietnam war next in war. her tells bye for now from the front lines out there as correspondence, continue to report every angle of the war in ukraine. we've just heard shilling in
1:33 am
the distance machine gun fall in the forest. there is a humanitarian crisis erupting on multiple from red rocket land. it's just a few meters from all convoys. similar positions. i've been all over the need for a region and try a st. totally destroyed along the road we came and on there was still clearly an active battlefield day without the rest of the latest development. ready ready the caravel, saigon was built during the time at the very turbulent era. the caravel was the great vantage point. awe from the roof of the caravel hotel, we could see very clearly the evacuation this sort of a front row seat, if you will, on the top of the caravel to the final stages of the war. qualified in my mind as the perfect war. oh tell me
1:34 am
ah ah ah, in hold him in the city and vietnam. once side gone, the old capital of south vietnam. at his heart, his lamb sewing square, were journalist diplomats, military stuff and spies, rubbed shoulders in its famous hotels during the vietnam war. ah, the area around love song square. you've got the caravel on one side,
1:35 am
the continental, on the other, the old passage, a den where the a p office was in my office, the nbc office, and the visit news office. all of these agencies were there and then down the other end of the square, the wrecks hotel. this was the nucleus of the life that we led as war correspondence at that time is the saigon that we knew a very small but very pivotal area of saigon where we sort of made our home for a number of years. the. 2 the caravan was billed shortly after the 1st in the china war in 1954. at 10 stories. it was the tallest building in the city. and it became a significant base for reporters who arrived in saigon and the early 1900 sixty's, to cover the vietnam war. john gardner, once a general manager of the caravel,
1:36 am
remembers those war reporters from his childhood. the famous journalist that i recall were david hel, bostrom peter arnett, niel. she in molly cypher. tim page. they were names that i grew up with as a teenager watching the vietnam war on tv every night. fellow new zealander peter arnett, is credited as being the only western journalist to cover the 20 year war from start to finish. i was assigned to vietnam by the associated press as a correspondent with their saigon bureau and i arrived there in saigon and june of 962 at that time, saigon still had the atmosphere of the french colonial city. when i arrived in saigon, i checked in at the caravel hotel that was
1:37 am
a residence where a p star, those who were in and out of the country, always stayed the war then was between north and south vietnam. but as it intensified, american presence in saigon grew. the 1st 400 u. s. military advisors checked in to the rex hotel. but some stayed at the caravel enough to interest the journalists there. what was interesting to me as a journalist, that in the hotel the caravel were staying. there were crow cut, young americans in the bar, and walking around. and the restaurant of it turned out that they were american soldiers on leave, from the, from bang military advisors in the country side. clearly things were moving along
1:38 am
to me as a journalist to indicate that there was a real story. at that time in saigon, our nets, journalistic intuition was spot on. in 1963 south vietnam was in disarray. the unpopular and autocratic president was deposed in a qu, backed by the us, and the caravel was at the center of the war reporting action. the caravel hotel proved its usefulness and burst under the headlines. november 1 of 963. that was when those a military, cood, a tar, against the calvin to president no, didn't see him. which led to the assassination of the president. and his brother, in the course of that action of 24 hour period, the center of saigon was,
1:39 am
was zone. the press retreated in effect to the caravel hotel, and that was when many of the stories went basically, if not date one the caravel. we certainly mention that a lot of the, what we were saying was from the caravel, the u. s. military officially joined the war in 1964 and hundreds of reporters, camera crews and photographers descended on saigon. hotels quickly filled up the passage in building the hotel continental, the majestic and of course, the caravel. it became a desirable location for journalists, particularly the american networks, c, b, s and a b, c. not only did they have correspondence like dan rather morally safer
1:40 am
and others out in the field covering the actual war. but they hadn't administrative stuff that occupied the sweets on the corners of the building lodge sweets and also it was meant dozens of rooms they rented permanently, ah, for locals. these press hotels was something of a spectacle. as a boy hung van cold lived in a small traditional house behind the caravel. from where he watched the news crews come and go, hung will become a war photographer, himself. cash i got, i ran our talk on the man that the one going she's going to be on a junk tori. like on your name, give your name. tell you the math only that they should some need to see more go
1:41 am
bad and yeah, i will go back my mouth and to get all my nice show of our boat. the co got our n shall need lamarche to me thought cook lane soon and got of and you me . but soon the hotels themselves became taught it's a huge explosion. shook their caravel in 1900. 64 after a bomb was planted on the 5th floor, where many journalists state he thought, yeah, not a good day in mind. yet in the banking latin goal guide all bowden law long pe, latha. i think mom, no one got new guy nor been all new drugs. all that though,
1:42 am
he whom mom note like and one looked on the thing. mom, natalie, now you go back now guys like a lead. joshua, he came, i really didn't want cold. kibbler now rooms were damaged. the windows of several cars in to door street were blown out and some passes by were injured. most of the journalists were out in assignment, so there were no casualties amongst them that day. the caravel was not a safe haven in the sense that there was no protective environment around it, though or no security people were no bunkers in front of that. it was just open. it was an open hotel just for civilian hotel. no place inside, gone was said through the war escalated, and by 965, there were around 200000 american soldiers in the region. when the 1st marines
1:43 am
landed in south vietnam, they were accompanied by more news cruise. this 967 photograph of the a b c. news crew in the care of our rooftop restaurant has become an icon. a vietnam's news coverage caravel hotel was built with bulletproof glass. it also had a backup generator for those days. there were many blackouts of electricity's. it was also the only building in the city that had air conditioning. and the communication was one of the few buildings in the, in the city that had a fax machine. so the journalists considered it a good communication center. the 1st of all, it was a well run, modern residency,
1:44 am
excellent stop. it had a very supportive management that catered to the needs of journalists, keeping the bar open most of the night. for example, making sure communications systems existed. so the caravel became no when, as the price, so towel in 1967, half a 1000000 us troops were in vietnam. and saigon hotels were again packed. the western media presence, w dot year, including bbc cameras on eric data. my 1st trip to vietnam was with a real wonderful veteran correspondence with d. b, c, antony lawrence, and the counter man who subsequently taught me everything. i know modest man feel baghlan we were sent off seemed a long way away we had now. i know i'd never been to asia and there we were in
1:45 am
a country with a war. 1968 was the bloodiest year of the war. and the extensive coverage of the infamous tet offensive rock to the us and started turning american public opinion against the war. again, the war came to the count of al, from the evening of january, 31 through several months. the saigon itself was subject to frequent battles. the american embassy was, was attacked the palace. again, the caravel was a, a refuge for journalists, so figured it was too dangerous to live in houses and would check into the caravel . and again, from the roof top, you could get a sense of the mayhem and difficulties being faced by the by the
1:46 am
american vietnamese military and by the civilian population. came our morgans in time show me that molten thought. needless done was none. it only got we got mad, we are doing whitening, catching all the tea law fung your la 10. you might them from being you doing new or way feed by new a new men. me. both sides suffered heavy losses, but the offensive heralded shifts and the war. richard nixon became us president in 1969 and began withdrawing troops and started secret negotiations with hanover. but then in 1970,
1:47 am
he bombed neighboring cambodia. a new wave of correspondence had to shuttle between vietnam and come boat to cover the spreading story. jim laurie was one of them i arrived and shy gun in april of 1978, 22. not knowing very much about vietnam, nor about the war. i was a backpack or turned freelancer, and in those days, the places to stay where the caravel, the continental, maybe the majestic on the waterfront. but i didn't have the money for that. so i stayed at basically a $5.00 a night, rundown hotel. it was called the royal hotel. there was nothing royal about it at all. but i simply, you know, given the money that i had, that was the place that i 1st stayed in 1970 the last war years were intense on all sides. for those fighting it,
1:48 am
and those reporting it in 19731 year after americas most brutal bombing of north vietnam. the paris peace accords ended us direct involvement in vietnam. but the war was not over in 1975 events in cambodia shook the us on the 17th of april. the can bodie and capital tell pen fell to the communist, come out roofs and the americans had to walk straight, a sudden evacuation. it was clear, the united states was about to lose sophia. now to so the war reporters shuttled back to side gongs hotels. when cambodia fell to the commander rouge, i came over to vietnam. i arrived with a brilliant and very experienced australian camera man named neil davis. we arrived in saigon and we're trying to decide where to stay. we thought about the
1:49 am
continental, we thought about the majestic, we thought about other hotels. and we felt that maybe the caravel might afford a bit more security. it was a sturdy or hotel we felt than the older continental. so on the 26th of april, we checked in to the caravel hotel. i was in the car of was a handful of other journalists who had decided to stay behind to see what happened when the communists took over the city. me on the 29th of april, while the communist closed in inside all the americans ordered their 2nd regional evacuation. in 2 weeks, most of the dramatic footage and photographs of the withdrawal were taken from the caravel hotel. for many of the reporters were here in saigon
1:50 am
from april 29, april 30th of 975. this was sort of the front row seat, if you will, on the top of the caravel to the final stages of the war. me from the roof of the caravel hotel, we could see very clearly the evacuation at the american embassy. it was just 2 or 3 blocks away. so all of the network cameraman set up. so a lot of people were fighting to get into the embassy over the war, whatever. ah, nearly a 100 journalists chose to stay inside on the carnival was a frenzy of activity in the last hours before the city finally fell. in the early as of april 30, i was awakened in my room with the thundering air strikes
1:51 am
and attacks. i quickly got dressed and went to the roof. i could see a bit amazed transport plane take off from the airport and start climbing into the sky. it exploded in flames as breached just a few 1000 feet. and it was clearly indicated that just a matter of time before they communist forces barinello vicinity, neil davis and i on late morning of the 30th at a nice breakfast. and then we went to the embassy itself. we happened to get there around 7 o'clock in the morning of the 30th of april, 75, and we watched the last helicopter leave the roof of the embassy. me as the last american headache halter lifted off from the u. s. embassy, rooftop, hundreds of north vietnamese tanks, packed with soldiers,
1:52 am
advanced into the gold plans on comb was assigned to cover the advance name. jap. guy won't, bout, not bow went out to take online. you defending my pay not make those those kind of those similar hot they get talked a lot off to so you take 113 and one though mall. no shot though. mar jacket though. mark the guy, bocce man, hiking and going i don't l t o t says into bowie. hello, auto stop thought all the sad, you get on panel? dante hall, yo yo kato. oh, from me and from my g. g la, you satellite home. oh, i walked up to the american embassy and it was being ransacked by vietnam agents.
1:53 am
many of them angry because they hadn't been able to leave and the, and the helicopter. many of them taking the opportunity to grab anything they could have value roughly an hour or so after the chaos at the u. s. embassy, and after we photograph that, we decided to split up deal. i went with neil initially over to the, the palace. he felt as i did that soon, the north vietnamese force would be arriving. so i made my way back to the n b c news office. and then we heard on saigon radio, the unconditional surrender of general min, who was the provisional leader of south vietnam at the time. around noon, the north vietnamese tanks reached the presidential palace gates. the 1st north vietnamese tag came through failed at 1st to break down the gate and then backed up,
1:54 am
try it again and crashed through the gate of the palace. and kneel. got that classic shot with the flag of the national liberation front, waving from the top. the tank bowed up to heel though among come those can you go? the monk come to georgia and the guy and you more ala me more and they towed up long it more. come go. high ran totally fema, mockingly. oh, phone meetings, i hope laugh and new davy. now in i came back to the care of l hotel and i was very much in this location, came out to the balcony and spotted in this direction, north vietnamese tanks. this area which is now a subway construction area, had a passable road. the road took the north vietnamese tanks out to the square. they
1:55 am
made a right turn, which in those days was freedom st. heading down towards the saigon river. me returning to the count of cameras on eric, tighter and corresponded. brian baron filmed the rousing victory scenes. this photograph taken from the count of el hotel, shows eric on top of an american car advancing ahead of a communist tank. we found a convoy of tanks, in fact, heading towards the street where the caravel hotel in the continental palace hotel . ah, so we followed it and then one of them overtook us. and then another one came behind us. and i said to brian, well why don't we just get out on to take some great roads trying? we had to do a tracking shot. wonderful. and we got some great images of the welcoming crowds on
1:56 am
today's street. 0, one of the interesting moments for me. i looked over the caravel and there was a large, con minutes flag hanging from the middle windows of the hotel about 4 stone, 4 rooms wide and straight. 4 deep that the star for the hotel clearly had preparing in advance. the caravan would be regarded favorably by the new communist occupiers, ah, in april 30th, 1975, marked the official end of the vietnam war. with heavy loss of life on both sides. nearly a 100 journalists were killed, all went missing during that war on his roof overlooking the
1:57 am
cover of l hotel, while van combe dealt him memorial to the journalists killed in the 2 into china wars. for some long look now though i'm hungry, don't know who read. i didn't feel at all ma'am. june. zoe looked now shing a good. i have been down the carnival hotel continued to prosper and thrive. in the postwar years to day, it remains a landmark in the city and the repository of the treasured memories of those journalists who made this war hotel, their headquarters, their sanctuary, and their home. i was speaking about half
1:58 am
a century ago in terms of being a war hotel for correspondence delivered. it was what the ward in a sense, really never ended for me. ah. the 1st impressions that you have when you are a young person, are the deepest impressions you have when you show up at a war zone in a place. cambodia, vietnam at age 22. that sticks with you for the rest of your life. ah, when the war action ever came to saigon, like the overthrow of node and z and the military code the tet offensive. and now the fall of saigon. the caravel was the great vantage point. and i and because they hotel continued to operate and provide food and lodgings, it qualified in my mind as the perfect war now and does to this
1:59 am
day when i think about it, ah, ah, ah. young women with a passion, the space i used to dream about working in the school come up with a small step of science, a giant leap for women, kind in ca, gustavo here, but don't replace it and hide there. and at the scheduled time, the satellite would be sent to space women make science cag if on space school episode 5 on al jazeera ah
2:00 am
algeria. great with no news. you know that your 5 digit home for your homes, for your fit, for your security, but also for a show of solidarity. the leaders of 3 european countries meet ukraine's president . will i demand zalinski and keith ah, has him seek this is a life and also coming up a 35 hour curfew imposed on key of as it's mer warns.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on