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tv   The Stream  Al Jazeera  May 31, 2022 10:30pm-11:01pm AST

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keep the lights on and the community, ah, let me de miller all jazeera sweat of south africa. our al jazeera media network continues to demand a rapid, independent, and transparent investigation into the killing of its journalists in the occupied westbank. sharina barclay was shot in the head by israeli forces, while on assignment in janine, on the day of her funeral is ready forces storm. the procession started beating. mourners was in pull barriers to almost drop a casket mabe's of the international community of condemned her killing. and continue to call for an investigation or clerk had been with al jazeera for 25 years, covering the story of israeli occupation. she was known in the region as the voice of palestine was more everly recovering. might hear all the latest developments from ukraine, particularly in that eastern city of savannah. done yet. alger 0 dot com is the address. ah,
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that's bringing more details on what's happening in eastern ukraine. the governor of the landscape, janet sang russian forces are now in control of the majority of to that are done. yet this eastern city is reportedly being destroyed by heavy fighting, making it impossible to deliver humanitarian supplies or evacuate civilians. though still trapped in the city, a being advised to shelter in their sellers, consider the key part of moscow's efforts to take the dumbass region where russia supported separatist for years. me, while the european union leaders are saying that russia's war has got to take a significant financial advocate financial hit because of its bad on most russian oil imports. now the block, wrapped up an extraordinary summit in brussels, after reaching the late night agreement on sanctions. and the speaker of lebanon's parliament for the past 30 years has been re elected a b. a berry was chosen by m p. 's in the 1st session of parliament following this
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month's election. as the headlines, the stream is coming up next. but before that we leave you with memories and images of our colleague sharina brooklyn. me the what, what do we need to know that on the fish i don't need to be active in the mac and i'm not going to put them to me. i just need you to whom and ya today and all of us we're going to give you what we said as well. they didn't put this idea industry the media, me and i'm a lot of fun at the football game for the streaming. yeah. when i know,
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i mean, i mean, i often use ah ah ah hi and semi ok today on the string we bring you an under reported story from the thought how region of africa. according to 900 nations,
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18000000 people are at risk of thought ation of the next few months. we are going to unpack how conflict, climate change, and covey have impacted the vulnerable people in the saw how. what can be done to bring them relief. we start with how was story i might get a new, it was added to us that the armed hottest to scour the area came. they made all the men gather under the pretext that they had to attend their preaching, but their intentions were quite different. instead they sorted out 5 men whom they took to execute away from the village. then they came back brandishing their weapons and summoned us to leave under penalty of killing us all. we fled, leaving everything behind neighbour for coming to get him the come in and we have such a good panel for you audience. we have hallmark 2 or nella or low all know about the whole region of africa. how am i to welcome please introduce yourself to our
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viewers around the world? hi, my name is to you. i'm the spokesperson for the international committee of the red cross. and i'm, they get to have you or nella welcome to the stream, please say hello. it's our view as around the world. hi, my name is only lemme home, i work with the institute for security studies as program hell. program head. so you for the hell bitten by michael malley. get to have you and. oh, welcome to the stream. tell us who you what you do. welcome, welcome. welcome to my name is pete, and i'm going to be in your regional assessment and i'm going to have you all right. you've seen that level of expertise that we have at your fingertips if you're watching right now when you to your comments, your questions are very welcome, but them right here in the comment section, although i guess i'm just going to show an area of this i how region right now,
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where is food insecurity? basically people do not know necessarily where their next meal is coming from. that's all that means which is a big deal chat near molly burkina faso. although you're looking at this, you're nodding at this map here. tell us a story from one of these countries that really helps us understand what is going on. thank you. you're putting into the travel truck to region and due to my position and i, we recently been working for that long in and chevron. and i had the opportunity to travel in a very large area called an industrial area. i had a need to talk to community people last our keepers who have been uprooted for more than 2 years. so internally, deeper into the head, we are talking about 7 young people who have been displayed and the last 4 or 5
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years. and those people we met and we, you know, we understand the, what mean twin insecurity. we are talking about people who are not about to have one to maxine and to no more need it. we are talking about people who have been uprooted and that left behind on their belonging. they left behind the lawn that they used to, to, to, to cultivate, that they left behind. the last stuff that they used to have. and those people are known relying heavily on the international community. janera the, the, on the international on the humanitarian. and we have talked about people who have been affected by mid people show climate food production has substantially decreased for many of them due to climate conditions, a drought,
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a required the last year. we are talking about people, country for, you know, when i went there and they were telling me the story of the last bookkeeper for us to normally buy and sell good to buy food. and now we've one goes that there will be selling in the market. they can even get one bad salary or we normally what they need to try and aim for any type of goat and people are selling a trading life store. now because money that's not enough money to use to buy, to buy items, let me just bring in, how am i to, how am i to as, although was speaking, you wouldn't nodding tell us more, go ahead. yeah, i know. so to book enough, as soon it's one of the country, i think we have a situation really worrying. there are more than
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a 1000000 people are almost 2000000 people place in this country. so it's about 10 percent of the population. and it's many women and children, and it has been a crazy that has been going on for years now. and when i was also, i went to wade and also 2 other places in front of me by the severity of the communities. because a 3 year hidden crazy, you don't see a big job like in some african country people are we sharing houses with local communities while we come then? but it's becoming more hot and hot, but also those whole communities. now why that's on the pressure. so those people are awfully rural areas are now moving torch. we'll then she sees
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where they have to share access to water access to men and it's become increasingly difficult for everyone. i would say yes or no we, we spoke to jose, he saw how the data analysts. and he gives us some figures which shows that the crises in the saw how are getting worse if jose and i really love to get your take on what has been a, what are the factors that are making the situation worse for the people in the how than they happening in previous years, his hosting the frequency and deadliness of on violence as being trending awkward in the so called central how countries of molly booking fossil annisa. according 282-020-2021 register of the highest annual death tools in a decade. were you. the violent targeting of civilians by on doctors is on the rise
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with to 6000 civilians killed in the last 3 years. mainly along the lift, oklahoma border area where a mix of g hardy groups and camino militias carry out its ox. consequently, according to you and hcr data, close to 2500000 people have been internally displaced in central sal representing a 44 increase relative to 2019 with booking fossil alone concentrating 74 percent of the currently displaced. no. go ahead. yeah, so it, i mean, the figures that, that he just mentioned are extremely telling the tell the story of a region that has been exposed to, to grave insecurity for the past 10 years now. so this is a security crisis that has been going since 2012 now as the years go, it keeps getting worse and worse with the multiplication up, i'm the actress who we went from a situation with a number of actors around mainly political on demand at 1st towards it read,
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preparation of actors, including, you know, i don't extremely center risk groups, local militias and all that kind of actors in the middle of this. i mean, can i just ask because be, or in the sign region, we'll talk about our group. all these actors, yeah. as if their normal is, what are they doing that while they're not normal, they are a seem to of what is going wrong in the region. so one of the core issues we have, i believe, is, is around governance and crime is of the state structure. so the inability of some of the states in the region to provide access to basic social services to just use to security, to food, to water and so on. over d, kids and the kids have essentially made it easier for some groups with,
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with territory claims actually to take roots in specific areas and to actually get the support of, of communities or, or when, when they don't manage to get the support then to force people into these kind of support or into displacement. so the, the level of violence is tremendous. jose just does some very telling figures about violence against civilians. but those speakers only tend to capture casualties and displacements and older coral or be behind that. there's also the story of those multiple villages that are under seized for months. we've a complete inability to to get out to access the crops so, so that they can cultivate and eat what they get from the ground. so, so that they can get access to markets so that they can get access to, to wells, and to water and so on. on the life i make and i give people an example because when the hearing us speak is really helpful for them to see what we mean if
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somebody's pushed on because of an on group or they displaced because of an ongoing . he was a farmer who had to move in between a faster and look where he's having to farm right now. let's take a look. we were handed when we came here because the armed groups chased us out of our village. a good person allows me to farm this piece of land, but because of the lack of rain, the harvests the bad, our fields in the village are more fertile than the ones here. there are pockets of drought here. the rainstorm come all the way. the saga, my plans, it did not survive and i had to plans copays instead, but without success. how am i to i'm just looking at that is it, is it does it? is it, what is, what is even going on that that farm is just one of, oh, many people on youtube audience want to speak to all of you get, how am i to, i'm going to put this thought to you. this is from john executive military presence . he's only dragging the crisis deeper. i know that you have had conversations with
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some of the groups. you try and work with them. can you tell us how bodies going? is it having a positive impact on people? well, it's a long work and that we continue when we we try and we need to have the dialog old sites. it's really that we are trying to trend, differentiate all the people that we can help us spare in prospect. citizens are, has access to places where the all region rebel people. it's not an easy task, but it's important to have an independent natural organization that is able to have those stocks we different but also the to. so it means that we have volunteers, genes on the ground, what we call the worst of all. yeah,
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i'll go ahead if i mean, i mean, why do we really focus the discussion with and i just want to let you know that the security situation that happened is non also funding toward the country. and we saw in brook tonight, and molly in total recently, and i think this is an important digital version of the crisis sake on important that we need to look at it. that the security situation, the way it block meant that we have to de, your control of the major trade route. it's a major disruption market system in the region. it region where people rely on market to access. and i just want to comment on the peach on the, on the video of the camera. and i think that discussion should really be focused on in this bees in the, in the end. and where i know that extremely dry. how do we bought the systems that
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are dead to allow people to grow food and too big to grow food and to lead in those area? there's dignity. yes, i'm so glad you said that because we can talk about the problems of the saw how the changes of the saw, how the hours on end we don't do enough is focus really on. now what do we do? earlier? we spoke to william mosley and he had some very practical advice about how do we change the mindset so that the farmer that is digging in dry dutch at she's able to farm crops and a successful. this is what william told us earlier. longer term, we need to develop a less energy intensive food system. we need to move away from the export of commodity crops like cotton and use a lot of in organic fertilizers and focus more on food production of grains that are used in the region. sort of them mil it may, is using techniques like agger ecology inter cropping locally produced organic
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fertilizers. this is the long term solution. think that sounds like it's entirely possible oil. it's possible, but maybe let me just share with you few key numbers. our last in 2021. the west africa region. does a hell included? ah, the total production was around $73000000.00 tons of stereo produced in the region . and our model. 40 percent of the for the production with mit need and 20 percent made me less and program represent very came proportion product it region where truck by nature the adapt trouble for those regions. i really think what he just said
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was for w b to and meant into the resilient family, the resilient program so that we help people to rehabilitate long to construct public and community based and the people want to what a storage facility. it's really important to cook in the head, the major issue. remember right to many of water. how do i make sure that water is why you shouldn't be? yeah, the climate climate has changed or no, i have another thought and i come up. yeah, absolutely. oh, and then i was going to put you to question to you, but you go 1st and i'll put you to to 2nd go ahead. great. so actually on the, the question that's, that's been discussed. i think here we're really such and get one of the core complexities of this i how situation, which is that we have both an emergency situation and a long term developmental and structural issue. so the
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proposed options that these experts you just showed prevented are indeed very valid in the long term. but i think one of the core questions is, what do we do now? what do we do for that format? actually, as we speak on the field, what there is no time to, to train him into using different techniques and so on. this is an old person who's been doing this in his homeland for a long time. so i think here again, we come back to the, the, the roots cozies out these crises and the need to create the safety that's needed for people to be able to return safely to their homes or to reestablish safely in new places. here we come back to beneath political, so lucian's ready to secrete crazy. that is in nature. well, if you call and i think one of the challenges that we have, generally speaking in the international community working in, in this is to,
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to shy away from the political dimension of things and really focus on the technicalities which can help. but clearly not going to solve the crisis. now, i've got a thought here at some despair. i'm picking up of you choose. i want to go back to you chief here. the mazata says billions have been spent on the saw. how it's hopeless and future futile. an almost impossible to tackle because it goes beyond solving the food issue. i know that you have a rebuttal. how am i to, what would you say? it's futile? what you're doing is what the missouri says. what would you say response? sure, yeah, i mean, we can rely on slowly to to this is she says, we are responding to the emergency now and we are extending our activities now to many countries in africa. we really going we increase the big chance
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ration, but we can not do it alone. it's an emergency response is why we didn't show every 2 different government and over access to city. so really complex situation that much more than my organization and when we speak also we people on the wrong people. they tell us that they don't want to be they want that back and they don't want to be waiting for aid to arrive to them. they want to be able to be independent. they want to see want to get they like, but yeah. may maybe or no other than we don't get enough time to talk about this. i help everyone. not as you go by solo, you go 2nd. so, i mean, i just wanted on the back of what, what he meant to just said,
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which i think represents very well, the difficulty that humanitarian organizations and, and just other organizations working to, to help are facing, which is that, that the task is hewley. and it's, it's huge now base, i mean, i mean coming back to the remote that this youtube commenter made. is it few time? i guess the question then is, well, if this isn't emailed them and you think this issue out, then what do we do? do we just lead the situation? keep getting was and west and we like thousands of people just getting killed every year. is these what we want? so it is clear to me that the situation is extremely worrying and that it is getting worse. what we don't have, on the other hand, is a council factual. we don't know how much warranty would be if nothing was being done. so there is need to keep thinking about the way we do things as we improve it . though we don't need to keep thinking about the actors when gateway and make sure
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that we're talking to the right people that i'm sure i'm going to push push to keep it sounds like blah, blah, blah. we need to think about the actors and we need to think about the way we do things. but what does that actually me? that means, for instance, we need to consider talking to the people who are perpetrating the payments that we need to talk with on groups. whether they're considered biomass, extremist, i'm groups or not, we need to get to the core of what's going wrong, right? so that the violence can stop at some point. i know you're standing by, can i just bringing one more voice before i come to you? and that's only because we talked about this on how we did. we always get sucked into politics. and eric who spoke to us earlier was talking about people and particularly the kids who are enjoying fits, insecurity. his little to me and people are, they seem would insecurity in say region in this region,
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one does another to his vengeance. initial or 60 percent vision is below 18 years or doesn't says we can because it kind of go to school in all why sometime close or sometime? when's good are open to kind of goes in because they don't have anything. this is as a 15 because there's so many which are not a deny everything. some coping strategy offerings are good to be married before the age of 18 and boys, we go to johnson, i'm good to get access to your resources. or what did you want to add? i mean, i just wanted to have a few things and under more concrete parts of this discussion on the 1st one is to know that the people at eric justice crime that done on in new trued than you'd wanna then need access to education. denny. then id, so it's important to provide an early seek response to the need and the humanitarian response is one part of the solution. given the severity of
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the food security situation, the monitors on situation is important that we are a bar, the international commit, the humanitarian actors able to deliver that needed assistance. the 2nd part is to look at that. that is what we called in on the nexus. but look at the connection and the linkages between the humanitarian that they block man and beast . and i think on any they want you are talking about on the political side is on the p side. right. but also look at the policy issues in the head because their political issues are there by the policy issues also. and so is important that the response that we provided to dissolution of the solution that we provided to the peep on it. it's come we, let's is a package. we have a package and an integrated package in the to rice law on multiple so it cannot be one thing. it's got to be multiple ideas and, and, and strategies. i'm gonna bring in one more voice on that. and while i do this,
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guess i want you to be thinking of, why is this region in africa under reported? why are we thinking about it more often? why isn't in the headlines or the time he's had a we're really seeing that people who are increasingly vulnerable, they're having to take action to survive from a falling the land. they're selling their homes that telling the livestock just to survive, somebody from begging on the streets. we as an international, nice ation responding to those emergency needs right now, but more needs to be done and not only now, but also we need to look to see how we can fix the broken food system. now we see the feminist approach to the solutions is necessary. we need to increase food security and we need to build resilience climate prices. we must invest in local solutions and we must invest in women in gold and display population taking, needing role to prevent others from future shock. i'm sure there is no argument
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from any of our panelists, right. say in a sentence or nella in a single sentence. why use the saw how region so under reported your thoughts in a sentence last flash? well, i think the situation is just too complex. it's not, it doesn't feed, news won't short news for me as well. it's extremely complex. and then there's also the quoting quotes. so many other places in the world are nella alo, how am i to thank you so much for bringing onto report story to the stream and now to ah a turkish tell me
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