tv Fault Lines 51 Years Behind Bars Al Jazeera June 11, 2022 7:30pm-8:01pm AST
as course, but what we're doing helps us become morton miss in terms of our energy needs or for the gas is purified into by me. thing that is cleaner than natural gas. if then fed into a pipeline to the nearby town of home for you. the gas produced at the farm helps the heat, hundreds of homes in this town, as well as the swimming pool and the hospital in france, 3 new bio gas plants is switched on each week as private and public investment in the sector is increased in recent years, fall prevalent in for the economy was one that we need to develop these types of energy as part of the work we're doing in this region to transition to more sustainable sources. locked by a gas. as the e u tries to win itself off, russian gas in response to the war in ukraine, bio gas alone can't fulfill the blocks immediate energy needs, but is clearly part of the picture and a step towards a more sustainable future is asher butler, al jazeera homer you, france,
lou, your child 0 me sill, robin doha, reminder of all top new stories protests are being held across the u. s. as part of our new push for gun control, but march for our lives. it follows a series of recent mass shootings including a primary school in texas. gabriel alexander has moved from buffalo in new york. there are several 100 people here in buffalo right now. you might be able to see them behind me, where they've gathered in a little park that's right across the street from the tops supermarket, where just about a month ago, a racist gunman shot and killed 10 african americans here, a crime that has shocked the nation and shocked this city of buffalo, new york, and so they're out marching today to call for better gun safety and saying enough is enough. iran and buttons whaler sunday 20,
a cooperation agreement during president nicholas murderer's visit to, to her on the countries will work together in fields of oil, petrochemical, tourism, and culture. both under us sanctions that we will protest in india after the full mistakes will win the ruling. b. j. p. was accused of making offensive comments about profit and a 100. some crowns have been buildings or refugees of nipple sharma, demanding her arrest. protests taking place in several cities across sedans. amanda get returned to civilian route, security forces, fod, tig us and come to me after demonstrated barricaded strength of burning ties and stones, unofficial told, sames ending saddam's long standing political deadlock began a few days ago. a vigil has been held in the occupied when spain to mark one months . in general. assuring number actually was shocked by his ready forces, whilst on assignment to their immediate network continues to demand a rapid, independent, and transparent investigation into killing. the european commission president
expects to finalize the assessment of ukraine's request to join the e. u. by the end of next week, 1st level delay and met president vladimir lensky during her 2nd visit to keep the average price of gasoline in the us of santa historic high at more than $5.00 a gallon. americans are facing the countries highest inflation rates in 40 years. those are the headlines. i'll be back with more news and half are here on our era. next, it's fault lines to stay with us. ah, what does that they've been doing with the money that it's boring? we bring you the stories and developments that are rapidly changing the world we live in argentina's, honduras is debating a bill seeking to raise billions of dollars. the super rich full families hit. all right, and then counting the coast on al jazeera in 1996. joseph writings a 21 year old manager of an electronic store was killed during an armed robbery and
knoxville, tennessee. 3 young people were involved. amanda jo, good and amir nance were both 16. robert manning was 20. he gave elmore a gun and they both went into the radio shack armed. amanda waited in the car. manning leader testified that he killed the manager with a shot to the head. even though i'm your nance didn't pull the trigger, he was convicted a felony, murder, and sentenced to a minimum of 51 years in prison. he is 43 years old. now i've been here through my whole twenties, thirties, and i've been outside of fear. when i said count time, i got to go in room. they locked the door and come out and miss life a miss in the world go msm did oh. amier actually represent. so many
people that or just they're and they're held accountable for things that technically they did not do. tennessee has the longest mandatory sentence in the united states for a teenager convicted a felony murder either 16 or 17 if they're carrying a gun. and i know they're not supposed to have a gun, and they're involved in a criminal act. they know that's wrong. and you can't afford to let those people out fault lines travel to tennessee, as the state supreme court considers whether these 51 year sentences violate the constitution. it's unfair. it's like they're trapped. they're in some sort of nightmare that they can't get out to my daughters brown. she's in her twenties. i've been in prison. her whole life. she's never known me outside of a visitation gallery. you don't want to give him a chance to like become
a better person for his family. 51 years before pro is ridiculous. phyllis, the point i've been imprison more years than i've been free on industry. i was an old enough to bad cigarettes when i was only a few promo way for him. should he be punished? nice. but 51 years. mccannen just the system is that ah, on january 18th, 1996, the day of the shooting, robert manning showed up to al mir's house and flashed a pistol. a what i remember most about robert manning is that he had no off switch. that was
always struck by the fact that he seemed to have no conscience at all. he did not seem to have true morsel regret for anything you did. and that made him an incredibly dangerous. i don't argue mad. robert manning had a history of violence. he had shot an injured one of elmer's friends earlier that day and a half with me. why my son was afraid for his life. and he every right to be afraid. i know fair. i probably will got a amanda was the other teenager in the car that day i was in. she asked us not to show her face. do you have any memory of weather or wanted to come along to do this thing? i think it's the same as me. he had no idea it was gonna turn out the way that it
did. and i do know for a fact after that he did tell me or wait right here with her. come with me, i'll mere sit in the car with her l mirror. so you can kind of imagine maybe what the conversation was. well, after the shooting, the group rob to home nearby and tied up the couple blocking them in the trunk of their car. i don't know was very of trouble really, really in robert manning was pulling the strings from the get go. he decided that they would go to the right issue, i guess his mom and that was always my sense about both those young people. is that for robert manning neither they stand for to have been in the situation. the subject being interviewed lee like male subject named el near nance. almost
a week after the shooting almira nance was arrested in the middle of the night and interrogated at this knox county sheriff's office building a 16 year old without a parent. without my permission with ada tony, aiden, an officer kept me now all night long. subject this interview will be the homicide or told police that robert manning killed joseph. right. are you sick? i was no like time trying to run out to do it when i was like at the do up to do open and i heard a shot, a mere says he repeatedly asked for a lawyer that night, but never got one in line with me. they told me a name was none of it. he's a 16 year old kids been looking at gunpoint with dogs, cut off from his mother, and he still shows the presence of mind to invoke council. i want a lawyer,
we reviewed the trial transcripts with chris erwin, a former public defender that any money and for me, an activist in knoxville in court. the officer who, questioned altenor, testified that he didn't recall him asking to see an attorney and the officer lied when he was on the stand. under oath, did he in bo council? he said, no. no, he did not. he comes back with his notes and hands. he goes, oh, he did, and bolton's right to counsel the officers own handwritten notes, contradicted his testimony under oath, but the judge refused to throw out al me, your statements to police. what impact does that have on the rest of his case? when you have some 6 year old talking about his involvement, he would have said anything. the constitutionally, the statement obviously should have been suppressed, was obviously a coerced confession. i couldn't even explain to you a sorry,
i feel i'm expecting that to happen. may i really no, not about the last thing on the end of this interview with elmer nash initially, robert manning blamed the shooting anal mirror, but he later testified in court that he pulled the trigger. i'm you know, pushing down a yeah. robert manning was sentenced to life without the possibility of parole, while in prison. he stopped a man and set him on fire, killing him. he did not respond to any letters from fault lines. amir was sentenced to a minimum of 51 years. that wasn't the case for the 3rd person involved in the robbery. amanda jo, good. she did how much time and jill did 2 years, 40 years,
10 years. she did one year she was incarcerated. what's the difference between her and i am, the person who has a darker skin color is going to get more time that has been proven. you had a white judge why prosecutor white defense attorney white cops, and then you have this. why kid? the sitting there? 16 when it happened and gets nailed. the color of his skin was not my concern. and never was any nickos was the district attorney at the time, an oversight, the prosecution of i'm yours case. don't you see a double standard? and the way that a 16 year old white girl gets a year, how do you explain that? well, i, i can explain it to, you know, in like say people wish to draw the conclusion that it was a racially motivated. they would be free to do that. the only thing i can say is that's just not the way it was. he got out of the automobile and went into the
store. she did not a secondly, he had a hand gun at. she did not. we dragged a base our decisions on the facts that we could prove in court. and i believe i did that in this case. do you think that a juvenile who doesn't actually kill anybody? should go into prison as a teenager and come out as a senior citizen, as you look at it in know some 30 years later her chance it was overly harsh. i wouldn't or you that. but i continued to be able to live with glad to see on this case right or wrong. so we're on our way to the old knox county courthouse to meet with a juror and ami our trial this year. in particular, it said that really wanted to talk to her. she said that she'd been thinking about
this case for 25 years and i've been feeling guilty for 25 years. i don't feel like what we did was just very disturbed when the sentence was pronounced. we're again, i'm really naive. i. i thought the jury would have some input to the half. do you remember how you felt when you heard this 51 year? minimums tenant hours, stoned, shock your life was taken and that is a terrible tragedy. a great injustice to the victim, to his family, had all the people whose the ripples of his life would have gone out to 4 generations. but taking al mir's life when he just started in and wasn't even formed into who it is going to become yet
really i felt horrified and i feel like i follow the instructions, but it wasn't just and i regret being. and with that, you're asked us not to use her name because she's concerned about possible backlash for sharing her feelings about amir sentence. it was like, on the death blow, it was like over q league, you know, it's just, it's cruel and unusual. if you think about it, definitely if you pull in black, you are doing in the course system, it was definitely in humane. and it was no just, no just served. no bad. he looked him like, he was nothing. and they knew he didn't deserve it. and they didn't care,
they didn't care. oh, isn't a prepaid call for an inmate that the tennessee department correction northwest correctional complex. hello. hey. i live in today? yes, i'm definitely in bad history. i knew when you were gonna want to have all the center on the telling my 1st time with that i haven't really seen them in a while and i'd love to just have a home even if it was just for a few hours, you know, this let us go do something together. anything. what goes through your head when you think about the fact that your dad is serving a felony, murder sonnets and didn't murder anybody?
it just makes me like, realized that the system does not always work the right way. they know that i didn't shoot this person is mendoza. brian has like to say his name. i don't like to just say the person or the victim. i like the thing the father made by me saying his name, but they know i didn't kill this person. can be charged with felony murder if they take part in a crime and wish someone is killed even if they didn't cause the death. united states is one of only a few countries in the world with such a law, felony murdered doctrine in and of itself is a fiction because it transfers the intent of a felony which is not murder. and they shouldn't be treated like they intended to kill. because they did do a series of rulings over the past 20 years. the supreme court has concluded that
juveniles convicted of murder should be sentenced differently than adults. nearly 12000 people in the u. s. are serving life sentences for crimes. they committed as a juvenile in juveniles are different because they are sort of uniquely susceptible to peer pressure. from outside. they have a greater capacity for change and growth over time. their brain does not fully develop until they're 2021 between 21 and 25. so we know a lot more about brain development. and if that juvenile is thinking like an adult, or if they're thinking like a child, you don't really understand things like at that age of 16, you don't think life as like our, you know, your normal things right now to day and next week. since 1995, 236 juvenile offenders and tennessee have received 51 year minimum sentences. 72 percent of them are black compared to just 17 of the states population.
ah, all of these factors, race, peer pressure, youthful decision making, and a difficult childhood, played a role. and on the nurse case, i grew up in a drug addicted home. my mother was on drugs. my father was absent. i spent a lot of time living with my grandmother, so i was really a kid. i had no big brothers. i had no father figures. why wind up ang, with older garza and doing things that i shouldn't have been dornen. and i was easily manipulated. you know, you blame as they have been. feel like you one a good enough mom, but i did the best i to what i now i never want to just again in my life it cost me too much. ah, keys hash me a little bit about your family. i can my mother's close by guys. we as he straightened up her life as he works and she's got a nice place for sale. and i talked to her as often as i am. if you
see more, i came from, i know i was allows home keep know that i would amount anything at 20 years claim to day. i live in truth that people can change if given the cheeks. it's like i know i may have given a chance that one, now i am more trouble at out period that people do change. then i know i've never been anywhere but to a vending machine. you know, oh, we get along as much as we can and any way i can be a board or source of hope or something. so i get to tell them now that i'm in school, that i'm doing something i know is not just sitting in or you know, brown cups off the bars like you would imagine. how does it feel when he says
like, i've never been able to treat it or something i thought in a vending machine. it's really just her break encouraged her him. what have been that times that stick out in your mind or you've especially messed him around prom birthday. ah. but as long as that a morning thing from her birthday, but for him the walk through the door. you know, how, like little videos are the soldiers come home? i always imagine like that would be made like my dad getting out of prison is the prize in me somewhere there still a dream even now and i'm well ah, people deserve a chance to make mistakes and learn from them and grow up. you know, he's death and at the same person, he's a better man. there's no way he should still be there all these years later. we all
know he didn't kill any man. tim hutchison was the sheriff. when i'm your nance was convicted, i can understand the 51 years. he has no problem with him spending 51 years behind bars. oh, are you going to do you say, oh, well, he was 16 and had a weapon, but he didn't need to do that just a couple of years because of his age. no, there's not. that is the act. there are a lot of people who say there should not be felony murder charges because you shouldn't be considered a murderer if you'd and pulled the trigger or felony. murder is a way to get these people off the street, keep them off the street and they need to be off the street. and the same goes with mr. nance. he knew he was born inside the store to rob the store. what would your response be to people who say this isn't really working, talking people up doesn't actually solve any problems. well,
for those who say it doesn't really solve any problem by locking the juveniles up on for a long period of time. elmer nance hadn't been involved in any more violent crimes since the supreme court rulings states around the country have been reconsidering life sentences for people like amir in 2021, a bill passed the tennessee state senate that would have reduced the mandatory sentence from 51 years to $25.00. there was opposition to it in the house, so the bill didn't move forward. seat senator john lundberg voted against it. he's an influential voice in the legislature opposing criminal justice reform. these are heinous murders and acts. ah, and the unfortunate part, i think we have to admit and we may not like it as a society. but there are some folks who are just born bad. and some of those people
probably best that you're behind bars. if it's their child, if it's someone in their community who is making these mistakes, they don't believe that their child was born bad. it is only people from other communities, people with different backgrounds, people that they don't have a connection with that they can sort of forget what they really know which is that children are different. are the tennessee supreme court will be deciding soon if the state will treat children any differently. it's considering a case similar to i'm yours, challenging the constitutionality of 51, your sentences for juveniles, the 1st time you are eligible for releases when. oh, well, it's kind of nonexistent. you know, it's 16 years old. if you give a person 51 years, a u. s. supreme court will that mandatory life sentences for juveniles are cruel
and unusual punishment, violating the 8th amendment. so i don't even look forward to the day, but tennessee argues that 51 years is not a life sentence, because eventually they could get out if they manage to live that long. i don't see any one surviving of 51 year life sentence. i can't see even if you didn't for the trigger, even if you the annoying thing about it felony merlin, darrell k with you which you die in in prison. ah, we spoke with the family of joseph writing, but they declined to take part in our story. his mother cited our old saying, if you have a sore place that escaped over, don't pick on it because it will bleed. i've
been incarcerated for 26 year. deciding may say, throw those guys away, but i don't have to feel that way about myself. but you guys want a family day, you know, they never want to give up on you for what time i have lived, i choose to try to be the best version of myself that i can be hello. hey, i'm here. we go by wayne got baby mirror. i try to be as much a source of support and inspiration from a dark place. i try to shine light even for her. if i came for them. i live,
i live with gentlemen here returning home, you meet demo, begin, know when and i will my mom receive humble. talk about a mile detect. you don't have to come out and get him a job. you know, as a mom, she's at 87 with k. why does they you for waiting? everybody lives up even from worries. oh lou . oh, i've never given up hope now. never will till he comes home with my belongings. yeah. miss melissa allows them to change very soon. oh good are where you needed, gregory drive, you know,
when you hit the highway, you go to the b and i feel know caught in us leave. yeah. i'll, we'll see i'm, we're get a chance to get in the car ra. would me play with his keys in town with his daughter? i'm still gonna travel a bit. i believe he's gonna get a chance one day to come right in his door and we'll be able to her, give me talk to him schofield to write a letter in ah, we understand the differences, familiarity of culture across the world. so no matter how you take it out, 0 will bring you the news and current affairs that matter. to you,
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one 0, one east. on al jazeera, on the deserted streets of bull gotta it become familiar figures. couriers on bicycles, delivering food or medicine to lockdown colombians. most of them here are venezuelan migrants got a my go my some mother of for says contagion is always on our mind. none of them receive health insurance for their work and exposing themselves and very few seem to have it yet. there may be a bright side people who look down on them as an skilled migrant. now say they're essential to control the virus. i received messages on the app saying that we are heroes. i was a nurse back. cool. what i am doing is not all that different from my passion helping others ah.
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