tv Drug Trafficking Politics and Power The Age of Drug Lords Al Jazeera June 23, 2022 9:00am-10:01am AST
from europe, the never cool of an emigrants, the always known as an ex pat, international filmmakers, and will class journalists bring programs to inform and inspire. we live one people on this one planet, and we got to work the solutions together on al jazeera. ah you want y'all just bear with me. so robin in doha, reminder of our top news stories. the taliban government is appealed to international aid from august on with hits by its deadliest earthquake in 20 years . the 5.9 magnitude quake struck in a rural area of pico province at least 1500 people had been killed and fed hundreds more tramped country lepers had. i am reports burying their
dead families in afghanistan. bama district prepare the final resting place for their loved ones. the damage is extensive. for many, the law is immeasurable. big will new, much power. it has destroyed the houses of our neighbors. when we arrived there were many dead and wounded. they sent us to the hospital and i also saw many dead body and nearby desperate families use their hands in anything they can find to search for survivors. delivering aid to affected areas as challenging. we are facing some difficulties. we custom unseasonal rain in the last few days and we know already that there are land flights that are blocking some routes. so that is certainly go into her efforts. hundreds of people are injured in particular province, access to hospitals and medicine is limited. people in this remote region near the border with pakistan are still struggling to recover from the war in afghanistan.
and now another tragedy. most agencies in international support organizations pulled out of afghanistan when the taliban to controlled and august last year. and economic crisis was already fueling a humanitarian catastrophe. statistics by various agencies suggest that over nearly 60 percent of the country was people who are suffering from poverty before we came to power. so it is then compounded the difficulties and that it may need you to. ready sanctions and the esa fries and the chalice behavior of the international communities. while the for the extent of the damage is yet to be known, it's already clear that the recovery will take years. patio lucas of the young al jazeera millions of people are stranded in northeastern india and bangladesh after heavy rains of calls, the worst flooding and decades. in india's ne state of a psalm rescue teams are struggling to move people to safety. at least 49 people
have died since the flooding began 2 weeks ago. or authorities in bangladesh of intensified efforts to deliver food and drinking water to millions of people. cut off by flooding in the northeast about a quarter of the country is under water. in other news, north korea's leader can junglin, has met with top military officials to discuss national defense policies. western governments are increasingly concerned. the pyongyang is preparing to test a nuclear missile. thousands of indigenous under the protest as of march through the capitalist acquittal kita on the 10th day of a nationwide strike, that they are demanding low prices of fuel and food. are latin american, a, lucy and newman as more of kita. they are very, very angry and they are calling now even for the resignation of the president. but really, what's happening is that behind the scenes, the leader of the confederation is trying to negotiate with the government,
which as it will finally sit down, it will, i, it's willing now to enter into a dialog. brenda, the indigenous confederation says there is nothing to talk about unless they, well what down there are guns that they will not negotiate with a gun to their head. which means basically lifting the state of emergency, let me in a robinson, this country, israeli, and p, the voted in favor of dissolving parliament. the poem li balance is one of a series that will set the stage for the country's fist election in less than 4 years. this week, members of the fractured coalition, government agreed, could not survive after just a year in office, turkey and saudi arabia say that they determined to start a new period of cooperation after the 1st visit by the crown prince to turkey. since the 2018 marriage mouth shante of course you've all those stories on our website at algebra dot com. i'll be back with more news and half now to stay with
here on the news. ready ready this is a poppy field ah, once caught the part of the plant, secretes a miraculous, milky fluid called latex base opium used by man as a bomb for more than 5 millennia opium released pain in the pieces the mind. and that should have been the end of it. for this strong would play a part in some of mankind's greatest upheavals, imperialism colonization, the cold war, and more recently, globalization without the backing of states. drug trafficking would never have existed in 1951 at the height of the indo china. all the french
secret service was deployed to organize the counter attack against of yet men guerrillas, but it was seriously short of money. they contacted a tribe in the hills of laos, the hammond, and bought their entire poppy crop which they transported to a military base in saigon. their french agent sold opium to chinese vietnamese gangs under the corsican mafia who turned it into heroine and dispatched it to the united states. it wasn't one of those bizarrely clear instances of a modern western and children's apparatus actually operating a drug trade ah ah.
in 1971, richard nixon launched the war on drugs across the united states, the same scenes were repeated, drug busts, masser, s, and prison sentences. exogenous back from vietnam was systematically tested and weaned off the world's leading produce of heroine. france was in washington sites. the corsican mafia, the pillar of the french connection was the number one target ball vandal city, of course, who post billy gus and denny, i say no petty casa the politics. jo. he le jo, w points while i,
france witnessed its 1st desk. i over dice. heroine became a major public health issue. french president, george competed welcome nixon's pressure. his secret service was beyond control. the drug rings needed to be broken up. glass i led isn't like joe keel worthy if you do the machine the which you keep pledging my tell yankee field is we can assume it. young voc brought the motley a cellphone on to the topic of up while maxima she'll develop, will have to watch all this stuff. motion 10, st. agents from its brand, new drug enforcement administration. specializing an intelligence, the d. e. a partner, the french police and its investigations. within 5 years, 3010 traffic exendina were arrested, and the chemists of the casa can mafia fled. the french connection was dismantled.
nixon's drug worn was, in one sense, brantley successful. he combines diplomacy at the highest level with the enforcement activities of the, the drug enforcement ministration, to concentrate the full power of the united states against narcotics. mm hm. the 1st battle was one mm. but in the mid 19 seventy's, the drug market excluded across the globe as consumption reached unprecedented levels. to conquer this market, a new generation of traffickers would build powerful criminal organizations, headed by the so called drug lords. through them full tactical axis of power emerged, which would turn drug trafficking into a globalized industry. organized crime is the most agile business in the world.
you squeeze it, you pressure it. it will simply adapt to the existing conditions is like water. it follows the path of least resistance, and it will always move around obstacles, awe from the ashes of the old world. drug traffic rose and reorganized at lightning speed in mexico. those who had been farming copies of marijuana for 20 years. with the 1st to understand lady me last young de la connex, your fiance, sir frey. when that goes, i spit back laugh. but alaska, when you had this come pissy ness. it but it should elope. you'll sit there because if what 2 people in so long enough, macy's new poppy fields were hastily planted in the fertile mountains of sinaloa, the da launched a huge operation with the mexican army. in
1976, washington supplied all kinds of herbicides to spray over the poppy marijuana fields . whole villages were forced to my great small producers and smugglers were jailed . those compass he must guess already. we are unlucky olympia, a little bit of you yet on board. be in the say, mitchell mas negotiate orders, which will massy know by lordis. danton lemonade, anchor sick, one breland, yet another august, comin little stealth. yes, he gay. you'll see maniquan from under the survivors of these last operations shifted their production and organized themselves under the leadership of a traffic from a poor family and sinaloa. miguel all hell, felix guy, ardo. he's a very interesting guy. he's a full federal police. so he understood the workings of the police
very important when a drug trafficker, he also was for a time, a body guard to the governor of sinner law. so he understood the political world and he understood the drug trafficking. well sir, if you've got a foot in most 3 worlds, that's a recipe for success. lou felix guy, i do based himself in mexico, 2nd largest city, guadalajara. by uniting the smartest produces and traffic, as he would gain control of nearly all of the countries heroin, marijuana markets. the 1st big mexican drug cartel was bone. the guadalajara cartels soon amassed a colossal fortune phillips, a yellow se. when of a member of the law, one valuable we have no don't. buncombe, he can lavalley natal massey vomiting de los ne bullshit seen douglas and alice,
good than yale ether. let me in the little group withdrew his bank phenix guy aldo reinvested his money in legal activities. he became a respected businessman and delighted in rubbing shoulders with mexican high society. the crackdown carried out a few years earlier had failed to cut the rise of the 1st mexican drug. lord was still it actually facilitated it. the more lined force meant the more natural selection you have to the survival of the fittest. it's the drug traffickers that are most capable of evading law enforcement that have the greatest capacity to outcompetes the rivals by that through smartness, or through aggression. and that have the greatest capacity to corrupt at these local officials. that survive of the fight. ah.
as heroine continued to slow on to the american market, another drug surface deep within the andes. cocaine in peru in bolivia, where the cook elise had been used for millennia to ward of hunger and altitude sickness. chemistry waved its magic wand. go to woocommerce with ugly tip dog. oh, not remote puzzled eagle t. the fatal gun, monsieur was rude or to give us in all st. lucie ot immunology, i will have, shall, removal, must have assumed the dervish suffolk level doubly she me. so for 3 of a does a full that she did say that it good in the early seventy's, a gram of coke sold in the united states for $700.00 extremely
ran. the white powder lit out the well to finance the walls of wall street and the jet said it was the drug of triumphant capitalism. the drug of the successful. there was actually a time magazine cover of the champagne of drugs. here's a wonderful drug that you can get high on and it's not addictive. raul dead wrong. but as a result for their political consequences, a d, a was instructed, you will devote all your investigative effort toward heroin. you will not and vote investigative effort to cocaine trafficking. oh, the path was open for the large scale control of his new market. in columbia, a handful of criminals began production without encountering the slightest obstacle . a poor country, columbia was
a vast territory of jungles and mountains which escaped allstate control. there the traffickers were king's. o r, columbia, you bye. will you have 30 in truth rise? you will deliver it cha. lackland ginger, i shall deployed. you nominate another guy, least the dealer will fail with deliberate jazel to he made a loud thought. either let him go. 3, i hindered up 3 judges. in the early 19 seventy's, colombian traffickers bought cocaine in bolivia and peruse and smuggled it in the united states. the frenzied american market brought the mind boggling profits. in mid in a young traffic, i convinced other criminals to step up a level together they would increase deliveries and seize control of the cocaine
market. this was a birth of the medina cartel. pablo escobar was the enforcer. every drug trafficker had to pay him a percentage and he provided a series of services in exchange that percentage one guaranteed loads. so he would put together loads from various different traffickers and then he would ensure they would deliver to the united states. if a shipment was lost, he would make it up. interesting to invent cocaine trafficking. he industrialized it and moved it to this enormous scale down the nadine cartel purchased a fleet of aircraft and began smuggling tons of cocaine into southern florida.
in miami drug dealers, wage their own war for control america discovered the bloody face of cocaine. shocked by the scale of the violence, the da traced the problem back to columbia. in 1979, president jimmy carter imposed an extradition treaty on the colombian government. already. all traffic is arrested by the police and columbia would henceforth be tried and jailed in the united states. escobar realised the threat to stop parliament from ratifying the treaty. he handsomely paid off a large number of politicians, but he wanted further guarantees. in 1980 to age, 33, escobar entered politics himself, running as a wealthy businessman, he was elected as an alternate member of the chamber of representatives. it's
natalie stays young viola like was tito's young, columbia, anna, and vein thief, that it had the coolest. authentic on fellow the digital manuals for kit, though it glow local on dental. they stuck on trial. yeah, much more casey, most of the ones that have been that maldonado romano, had the legal means of inside a mouth and then controlled everybody on in boy and political ideal. having infiltrated the colombian democracy, pablo escobar succeeded in having the extradition treaty blocked in the united states. nobody imagined that this young politician was none other than he who attend cocaine into a powerful industry. ah, the industrialization of drugs was also on going in asia after the vietnam law. and the departure of american g eyes thailand sailed alone
in a sea of red kingdom, feared communistic cautions into its territory. a young horner would take advantage of his new g a political order. he went by the name of consol, the prince prosperity consigned as an extraordinary figure. consult as of that kind and inconsequential individual who would have had a, a life as a market trader or farmer or a localized businessman, who gets transformed into a man of extraordinary power. born in burma and having received military training as a youngster, he became a militia man in the pay of the ruthless balmy's dictatorship console then founded his own army, financed by the opium trade. soon at the head of 2000 all men, he crossed the border and sold his services to the powers that be in thailand.
he was pretty good at st. seeing where the power lay and the maximum amount of resources he could extract from the power arms. no immunity, no the right to traffic. the kingdom of thailand, welcomed console with open arms. with his armed men, he would defend the border against communist incursions. in exchange, the so called prince a prosperity was given cancer blanche for his trafficking. his opium caravans freely travelled across borders. the apply supreme command had base camps for them, protected them, and of course, received a percentage of their profits. i think i felt like i think i spoke with how they
felt consult built a very large her on the board toward the became quite a powerful drug lord can saw, was picked up on the da radar. but thailand refused to hand over its precious ally to washington. faced with the stalemate, the members of the american congress tried a different approach and sent one of their miseries to negotiate with couldn't saw . as a british documentary maker adrian cow looked, tom only the president and the administration has the authority to make agreements concerning the purchase of opium. let me think. and so what it would have to be done to eliminate opium production in the sham states. and
had time to ha now who? yup. in the hike rather than what i'm gonna highlight coming on. dante bunk, one more oakland mahoney who i up in the b one you're doing and i have my contact to the person who can come and collect all the opium vaughn in in our country. either with tow it auto burning. in this game of diplomacy, consol didn't present himself as a drug trafficker, but as a defender of his people. the sham who were being brutally repressed in burma, sion state was also the main opium production area in the golden triangle. a coveted region in a constant state of war certainly in his, in his group in his army, there were people which strong shown political em objectives em. but there were also people in his group that many economic objectives and coincide was very smart
himself. balancing these 2 groups in his own army poverty saying i'm fighting for shanklin garage at the same time making most of the money of the drug trade him with them and deeply, unfortunate. and he was very good at it couldn't saw boasted that he was powerful enough to assemble all the opium production of shan state and transfer it to the united states in exchange of a few $1000000.00 with which he could help his people. the proposal made its way to the white house, but washington preferred strong arm tactics to eradicate opium from the golden triangle. the u. s. on the burmese military and its blood 1st, he generals american helicopters failed to destroy a single opium field. instead firing on rebelling minorities
oh, i am the prince of prosperity could continue his rise as opium continue to make its way to his laboratories. ah, protected in thailand. he stepped up production and was given a new nickname, the king of harrowing. aah! meanwhile, in europe. in the mid 19 seventy's, a small group of cosa nostra lobsters hired the former french connection chemist, known as the godfathers of palermo. they brought in opium from the middle east to supply their elicit labs on the sicilian coast. the godfather, set up
a distribution network in the united states in pizza restaurants in the new york area, soon baptized by the f. b i is the pizza connection very soon. the sums of money involved became astronomical sicilian banks were unable to so couple the cash generated by the traffic. little cal mall was every next close. your dear, you see symbol k are if you have them on but is that all of our make liver d u b? i could use it as fixed owners. who came on careless, reese, was he ear to? does he stem do? dont cast him on dubois the piece or now me or plus dupree lou. debra. you got him shake assistant flores, he parallel boy sharpie. i taught lily, she slice off his cal dizzy dar. eli matthews, on concord commerce, i well book who docile it back to systemic magnetic buskie beaver. it lizzy. since albany mathew increased his, them say lucy stem kept the dentist. he knows he thought they fade thought,
the organising pa could to high school. so in sicily, the new ver reach of the mafia showed of their luxury cars and private yachts. the other mafia families who weren't rolling in this new money were infuriated that the godfathers of palermo didn't care. they were protected by fearsome henchmen. from the small village of connie own their leader, toto rena was a bloodthirsty killer ever recruited by cosa nostra to melina. if she did away it, um, but i also saw problem a good mobile porch in the tools it julie, when i was on the other motto, national see, been met them. i the on that a gone through the level of delivery because the maryland dominic, us all of it. she the godfathers of palin. i saw rena as a brainless psychopath. but instead of wiping out the families that were angry with
cosa nostra toto, rena, united them to grow in strength. the various families provided him with dozens of new killers. up the guilt uncle, no scope devil. i've been the camera up with my down the low. it on in afternoon fall fatima will be killer when i push upon with if judy casey comparable one a 2 4th to reach week on cheddar. sharon thought her to the with alina it, another beside the since he tweedy john donnelly. you should, did. he got out of only camecia, eat pussy. they are, are these execution spectacular? i don't cushion, i'm only matthew. don't have he cut his ulysses again, easy to use is going up a little bob young cassette idea lou, milt sock had of. ready
too often of canister is portrayed through the prism of war. but there were many of canister thanks to the brave individuals who risk their lives to protect it from destruction. an extraordinary film, archives spanning for decades reveals the forgotten truths of the country's modern history. the forbidden real part one, the birth of afghan cinema on just ego. we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world said no matter what lucy al jazeera will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you, al jazeera ah, with,
[000:00:00;00] with no judge is there with me. sell robin in doha. reminder of all chop news stories. the taliban government is appealed for international late. i've gone, a storm was hit by its deadliest earthquake in 20 years. at least 1500 people had been killed in the pac tica and cost provinces. entire villages have been raised to the ground, the government,
despite the sanctions that have been imposed on them by the international community . and as it has done whatever it candidates capacity. and the red crescent has immediately dispatched emergency aid to the area along with the turkish red crescent. and some of the other agencies relief agencies that are present here, the prime minister has announced 100000000 new, which is in the currency cash assistance to the victims families. millions of people are stranded in northeastern india or bangladesh. off the heavy rains cause the worst flooding in decades. in india is ne, state of a psalm rescue teams are struggling to move people to safety. at least 49 people have died since the flooding began 2 weeks ago. authorities in bangladesh of intensified efforts to deliver food and drinking water to millions of people cut off by flooding in the northeast. but a quarter of the countries under water,
thousands of people are being killed of hundreds of thousands full from their homes . north crazy to can junglin has met with military officials to discuss national defense policies. western governments are increasingly concerned appealing yang is preparing to test a nuclear missile and thousands of indigenous testers march through echoes capital quito on the 10th day of a nationwide strike there, demanding less food and fuel prices and restrictions on the mining of indigenous land. wednesday's march was largely peaceful, but at least 2 protest has died in the violence of being arrested. and israeli. m p's evaded in favor of dissolving parliament. the preliminary balance is one of a series. it'll set the stage for the countries fist election in less than 4 years . this week members of the fractured coalition, government agreed it could not survive after just one year in office. you can follow these stories on a website. it ounces error dot com is updated throughout the day. more news and
half now with some is at and but we continue with the age of the drug lords to stay with us. ah toto rena left 2000 corpses in his wake and became head of cosa nostra under his reign. dizzy by the phenomenal sums of money brought him by harrowing. the sicilian mob went a step too far in 1982, the communist party parliamentarian peel. i taught a drafted an anti mafia bill. a few weeks later he was assassinated. nella vasa blizzard in one little toiler, columbus deed on them, even for thought. it osby, the, the jargon law about their lost others flat. to more loose, i let me gasoline glasses legally document them,
not you put the rubber method closer to lower the signal 4th. go subtle. chill co, much estoppel, new 1000000000. the it can, the one with both are they won the day after la tori's death, a new governor was appointed in sicily, a man known for his fight against terrorism, general dela keesa. he was in turn assassinated to tell you not after these any. catawba, really please do so do breezy boesky food of neil miller busby tree burst. male bruce yellow said to decompress morphology. leo, cap. abdul. eva directly. tough. one m d o. louis replied seymour or sicily toss him while with his escalation of violence, politicians were gripped by fear even the most corrupt among them. parliament parssi assassinated communist party members bill on the word mafia,
entered italian criminal law. for the 1st time the enemy had been identified. the 1st drug laps were dismantled and dozens of low ranking matthews. he were arrested, but more would be needed to rock the organisation cozen, austria's white powder was flooding. new york. in 1982, the big apple accounted for half of the united states, 200000 heroin addicts. for president reagan, the drug challenge was even greater than the one nixon had faced. especially since a new epidemic was spreading. the country now counted 10000000 users of cocaine. the president mobilized his special forces in florida. the medina
cartel suffered severe losses. escobar realised he had to find new roots into the states. and that's how, in 1984, somewhere in mexico, the mundane cartel met the guadalajara cartel, the colombians thought, hey, if we don't move drugs into the united states, that may be, the da won't come for us. if we sell it to the mexicans, then surely the d i l just chased the mexicans, which is raw the floor thinking because judicially, if you're involved in any link in the drug chain, you can be prosecuted as eliezer columbia on them. but i, your article guy, you know, you'll over raising it may already be yoga, and then it may go to a local cloud, the relevant data on its own campus. he lay, they gone to laura. i'm in the colombians come in and say, well, we need you to move tons and tons and tons of cocaine
with the mexican tragic. his cat told us that promises and tons of cocaine crossed the border into the united states. the guadalajara cartel became almighty in the fall of 1984, the da still hadn't worked out. wanted just happened. one of its agents and re k, carina discovered a vast marrow on a plantation. hundreds of actors all immediately destroyed. a few months later, d agent and rica come, dana disappeared. we didn't know what had happened to our agent. what had happened to agent carina? we didn't know we couldn't get a straight answer from the mexican government. and that was when the border was shut down. the mexican government literally told the traffickers we'd have to produce the body because he knew he was dead.
enrique camera anus atrociously mutilated body was finally found. it was discovered later that the special agent to being kidnapped by the mexican police, with the complicity of the mexican secret service and handed over to the guadalajara cartel. diana to his main associates were arrested. the drug lord went under ground to one of the saying see, investigation did was expose a high level corruption and mexico and away that had never been exposed before to the light of day. the da's investigation uncovered the best kept secret in mexican politics. the sole party empower since the 1930s. the p. r. i maintained its grip by racketeering. all kinds of economic activities, both legal and illegal and when drug trafficking became routed in mexico, the country became a narco state. i'm to get one out. i will go on that on the me go
a will demise a little over to see i will not that i was actually on it. it could be anybody there bought of anybody, you know, a little bit i will put a doing that is when offered about going to where i just thought see la la la la isaac don wally thought poplar thought ah, in columbia, the truth came out at the same moment in 1984, the new justice minister rodrigo laura found the courage to unmask pablo escobar, columbia, the initial pick with louisa, that old epo. okay, so basically these, how come up with, with that off eco squamous introduces me into goals he to approve shown in parliament, rodrigo laura publicly accused. escobar being a drug trafficker is in union. is those days. yeah. daniel blair's willing to go toward us, but i could,
but his in thing last breath gone good. thus the laughing because your committees went and did it like i'm at. i live in dante. ringback to sure of himself, escobar had forgotten one detail, an old case resurfaced when a reporter from the popular daily l. a spectre dog discovered in the newspapers, archives an article that had appeared in 1976. 0, the young pablo escobar. i rested in possession of 19 key lays of cocaine. for printers, he called the amazon not bracket by the squad. i cannot april. yeah. this he lynette would gain nothing. it must produce the kitten young being called up at a full neglect article in congress on october impish on on the licky dollar in minneapolis, cynthia burgess, glad a stock mickland esteem. newcomers will bid yet. i said it political if he sadly not got that. if he can't go,
if he's yes. justice minister rodrigo laura embossed on a crusade he grounded escobar plains and demolished his lapse in the jungle. ailing she'll come to look over at us re shia calling for a quote for a school on e fermoso berlin. worth deal. on april 30th, 1984 in bogota, rodrigo laura was shocked by a teenager sauce and employed by the midian cotton. it was a declaration of war. the columbian president hit back by ratifying the dormant extradition treaty with washington. ah, pablo escobar entrenched himself in medina, protected by the population for whom he constructed homes, schools and soccer stadiums. he recruited an army of 2000 teenagers.
oh. ready a drug laws dabbling in politics is usually highly beneficial. playing on their robin hood images, defenders of the poor and victims of a repressive state. they enjoy strong popular support. and the more they are attacked by the state, the stronger they become. deep within the golden triangle, consol was the perfect example of this phenomenon. in the early 19 eighties, the regions g politics changed radically. china had opened itself up to other nations, piece returned. and the kingdom of thailand no longer needed its troublesome allies . serving no further purpose, the king of heroine was chased out of the country and sought refuge in his homeland of burma. couldn't saw set up his new laboratories in shan state without the
slightest opposition. from the burmese dictatorship, he must have made paid off paid money to m army commanders in the region. hm. it's hard to find evidence, photos, of course. but i think if you look at how things have developed over the years, it makes a lot of sense as so many raises. were there the burmese military dictatorship, who's one of the most repressive in the world by allying themselves with concern. they purchase peace in shan state, which represented a quarter of burma consult offered them that which counted most in their eyes. stability in a region that had been in constant rebellion console did something extraordinary. he gradually, through by assassinating rival leaders, by using a mom basically the fur death. he worse the sean, the fragmented sean movement to increasingly respect him as the leader. and he built a,
an armed force of $20000.00 men. the balmy's army would not attack, couldn't soft unconcern could continue to present himself as the great defender of his people, the sham all the while keeping his factories taking round the clock. oh no, i might be all night or marvel. he had been a year, but more mo, you now it concern flooded the heroine market by selling his drugs caught price. in about 1990 . 1 burn was producing around $500.00 tons of opium a year. by a 99, it was producing 2500 tons. a 500 percent increase. one of the most rapid increases in opium production up to that point in history, probably as far as we know, the most rapid increase. oh, thousands of kilometers away in sicily to attack cosa
nostra godfather toto rena. the most fearless, investigating magistrates joined forces in an ante mafia pu alongside the 2 charismatic figures of paolo bull, selena, and giovanni falcon. oh, do you think that the room casual won't lose the owner that i'm in here? little bit what good. you live it only when you were there was a mysterious of us. it was a bit lower, more lashan much job. the kids i feel laurels with all grouped, you'd allow welsh, she could be, gibbs will never go p they, but the mom them of use. oh judge hel cone, track the money to the tax havens of switzerland, panama, and guernsey, and initiated more than $20000.00 banking investigations falcone method. then followed the money across the atlantic to the united states where he worked closely
with the f. b, i to unravel the pizza connection normally, since you said the main issue, ma'am, you that genetic whistle, people, whenever you're saying you galatia that will give her the obvious a single media, delete it. okay. and that was on queen nationwide m i n z a. banquette o in 1983, a leading figure in cosa nostra thomas o boucher was arrested in brazil. the totally unexpected occurred when he broke the mafia code of omega lea, a deans each team do let me play so fair. how's the 2 door he nokia tweak as he mo, to stephanie? don't, sir. a passive already. eva. lavelli tulisa k. do from should more until you do, cuz i know car audrey felt good. thomas, so bush at
a statement speeded up falcon and the ashby eyes financial investigations, a wave of arrest lead to the 2 biggest trials ever to implicate the mafia. the maxi trial in palermo, and that of the pizza connection. in sicily, 450 suspects were indicted. after the 2 year trial, the court gave its verdict. $360.00 prison sentences amounting to a collective total of 2500 years. total arena, who was on the run, was sentenced to life in new york at the trials of the pizza connection. thus, isn't their associates also tumbled mumford with them willing to legal suitable look all that out soon. if not, tomorrow is really just them in the bunker. so jeff elko the whistle several 1000000 which is the stuff who, thanks to falcon, the terms, money laundering,
an offshore accounts entered into common usage. the italian magistrate had found the fatal weapon that could bring down drug trafficking, tracking money to where it was stashed in the banks. it frightens the drug traffickers, weigh more that some of the leadership in killed, if we're talking about money laundering. the international markets is where serious blows can be dealt. in 1988 in mexico, felix guy aldo was dropped by the men in power, that from his prison cell, the trafficker dissolved his cartel and split up his territories. among his young guns, all trace was lost of what was once and easily identifiable organization from then on each board, a post was controlled by new cartel. washington would only realize this much later . ah, in 1989, a few weeks after the fall of the berlin wall,
the united states invaded panama and brought down its dictator, manuel noriega, and ally of the cia and of the drug traffickers in the war on drugs, america freed itself of its cold war logic in columbia, the rumour of a military intervention by washington made the headlines. pablo escobar didn't want to end up in an american jail if they wanted his head. they would have to collected from a mountain of corpses. as long as the government refused to allow the extradition treaty, not a single street corner would be safe. after a series of blind tags, escobar had full presidential candidates, killed the favorite for election. louis carlos gallon was assassinated during a public debate
with he was replaced by his campaign manager, says octavia, who luckily escaped, an attempt on his life as thorough as the most in the end. laggard, i loved this offer. you skip the grims. more just the last completely, i put him blue. the left where supple luca columbia. my love for you she, i left it as a math or a lot more detail going with the religious. kimberly, an owner carry booker bouquet glacial porky pundum. you downwash isn't completely eyes of them, was quinta, keep them poco control. pickney him was that breeze eco more last got to pay lis briskin b, veronica remember died, or if he had been elected president sees aka varia held one of the most
dangerous positions in the world to stop the carnage. he negotiated the conditions for peace with pablo escobar in exchange for his arrest. he promised to revise the constitution. i'm withdraw the extradition treaty. or if you were to not of me for k, in a coma truck that they are march 1st. i'm not dodie darya. she 1000000 woke erotica . i'll neck you easy, they really share the really on june 19th, 1991. the boss of the nadine cattle surrendered to the authorities on the wall of the living room of his prison cell, which had been decorated to his taste. pablo escobar proudly displayed his da arrest warrant or seattle's matter. got off, he got labeled gun bob lloyd gallbladder, govea and i got been sent those to me. that vivian billed me,
johnny debbie but escobar didn't stay long in his bung could palace. he soon realized he was losing control of the drug traffic unorganized. his escape, his competitors and associates who had taken advantage of his absence would join forces to bring him down. the mob stood decided to cooperate with the police with the help of their killers in informants, the manhunt made rapid progress. oh, on december the 2nd 1993. pablo escobar was shot dead on a nadine rooftop. it took the combined efforts of all parties, the da, the columbian police force, and the drug traffickers to finally bring down the biggest cocaine trafficker in the world.
ah, on may the 25th, 1990. 2 only till he was in morning in the coffins. the bodies of giovanni falcon, his wife, and 3 members of his police escort, all blown to bits by a bomb. for this tragic crime, the crowd blamed the political system which had always protected cosa nostra. deacon knew a fight in turn judged palo ball. selina would also die in
a car bomb attack. ah, the s b i. investigators who were close to the 2 italian judges arrived, bringing support and brand new technology. for the 1st time in europe. dna samples were collected from the crime scenes. more than a 1000 people were arrested toto rina's tactics were turning against him. betrayed by his own men, the boss of bosses was jailed in 1993 and would die behind bars 25 years later. cosa nostra was weakened by the arrests and by the statements of reformed ma fios he the sicilian mafia was eradicated from the drugs network and became invisible for cosa nostra. the age of the drug lords ended here.
ah only one drug lord remained in place. coon saw that the king of heroine had just crossed the red line. in 1993, he declared the independence of sham state. the military regime instantly sent their forces against him. consol had no other option than to negotiate his surrender. in 1996, the dethroned king of heroine was granted a peaceful, retirement, surrounded by friends and family. you're yours arguably the most powerful single drug lord ever and yet, you know, once you fall from power, the downfall of history's most powerful drug,
lorne had very little impact on the traffic. oh, i know what drill now there. oh, they have amazon, no gun, some down touching and hobby i way mom. them my of the 9 month in there. and then you know, the error of the drug lords res narco trafficking to a level equivalent to that of mass retailing. the heroin and cocaine businesses. account for the same portion of the global economy as textiles. only an optimist could believe that the drug lords demise would bring an end to the problem. because a 3rd generation was preparing to take up the baton. i go july 18th, 2019. somewhere in the pacific ocean, in the, on the water belly of this beast, the coast guard discovers over 7 tons of cocaine,
lieut. worth $230000000.00. when drug lords for criminal organizations reinvent themselves once more by the end of the ninety's drug production had become concentrated in lawless areas. where is impossible to unseat columbia was the world's leading cocaine producer. and another country emerged as a permanent player and the story of drug trafficking. afghanistan, the world's top opium producer i blue criminal drug dealing shifted to police is beyond the reach of the many people in the afghan government involved in a doctorate. gorilla was in columbia and to mexico, where the cocktails have been responsible for him. merciless spiral of violence.
the final episode of drug trafficking of territories g 0 with hello boys at hearts across the middle east, even by our standards, large, clear sky, some very high temperatures. recently, but i am pleased to see that the temperatures are set to just ease of touch over the next couple of days and quite 52 celsius on tuesday. afternoon of 49 left for a q weight settings. you can see it does. he's off to around will $43.00, still plenty hot, nothing heat. they're also affecting western pass of iran as we go on into a friday. well, temperatures fall back a touch further as well. maybe the winds just picking up for a time winds here in doha will start to come in from the, from the gulf. so i can lift the humidity as that temperature just knocked off a little bit, some showers there into turkey, up to was caucasus. but too much, i hope you are going to see some wet weather here, one or 2 showers, 2 across the far north of africa,
spinning out of northern morocco newland areas of algeria. lodge dry across north africa. plenty hate 40 celsius in tunis and tripoli, and also inquiry receipts of very heavy rain recently into west africa, particularly into ivory coast nigeria, seeing some lively south of also had some pretty live issues affecting southern parts of molly and we got some rather lobby showers longest bells of brain, maybe 3 south africa at the moment, slowly making his way east by there is more to come with is less than 6 months to go until the well come and the clock is ticking as teams and friends look to make them on kathy 2022, well have a new show every month. taking in the news at excitement from across the globe. picking off in south america as maxi thinks to match my rodonna. ambrose they'll look to and a 20, a wait for trophy. join us for the welcome pat,
down on out to 0, sun sand, and sir hawaii's postcard image hides a piece of battle over the past and future. these island power went out 18th, meet the locals, determined to keep for y. e, a y on al jazeera ah baton bomb government appeals to help us rescue a struggle to reach remote areas of afghanistan, devastated, buying earthquake ah . on saturdays a dan. this is al jazeera alive from dell hall. so coming all the united nations