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tv   Talk to Al Jazeera Nature And Development At A Crossroads  Al Jazeera  June 27, 2022 5:30am-6:01am AST

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now it's a very small step at the moment, but they will get bigger and bigger, i think. or one of the reasons that choose the most else is because he's asked access to the southern hemisphere. i'm from the southern hemisphere, they can't, they can see they, they as tar alpha symposium, st policies. the closest start to the sun. i'm down, they want to investigate a few things about their houses and polos and the side universities in the united states. the i got their b, r b se instruments and this particular projects to go these studies. so it is very important to start looking continue lisa studies. although it has been done to extend them clutches thing by x ray satellites, that walk mora in a wider way before x rays or violet satellites. or, i mean it's flowing b, they get the galaxy essentially. but that these little, that experiments will help a little bit more, but as well. ah,
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this is al jazeera, these are the top stories leaders from the group of 7 nations meeting in germany. have been trying to show united funds from ukraine announcing further sanctions on russia, the pushing for solutions to reduce the impact of the war on the global economy. and the meeting opened on the same day that russia fired missiles on the ukrainian capital hitting an apartment block. it was the 1st time keeping being targeted in 3 weeks. the deputy mayor says one person has been killed. officials in columbia is at least 4 people have been killed and dozens injured after part of the marina collapse during a bull fight, some bulls escaped and ran through the streets, injuring several more people. ecuador, national assembly has resumed the debate and further to remove president dmo lozzo from office. it comes as indigenous groups promised to continue their nationwide strike into a 3rd week. the cm human has more from kito. well,
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despite the very cheerful atmosphere you see behind me, this strike is taking a very, very deep tone, not only on the strikers, but also on the economy of the country and on the political stability of this country at this hour, not far from where we are right now, the legislature, the congress of this country is, are in the 2nd session, the 2nd day of a, of hearing arguments for or against the non confidence vote for against the president. now the president is certainly getting an ear full, but it does look like he will survive politically because they are not in a vote from the opposition to and see them at this point. sudan has accused it. he o. p. o, of executing 7 sudanese soldiers and a civilian. a spokesman for the armed forces claims ethiopia executed the prisoners of war and put the bodies on public display tension between ethiopia and sudan has surged in recent months over the disputed border area of alpha, chicago. 8 agencies have joined the taliban and calling for western sanctions and
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of janice done to be eased after widens is devastating earthquake. more than 1100 people died and another 2000 were injured. it's been difficult to get much needed supplies into the disaster zone. those are the headlines. the news continues after talk to all to 0. good by in germany's capital, there is a barber like no other than that, according to the home phone, i mocked those from process what you but as his city changes, he's moving with and going on the roads. the stories we don't often hear, it's owned by the people who live the master barber of berlin. this is europe on al jazeera. ah,
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hatter, one of the richest nations per capita in the world. it's experienced a rapid development since oil and natural gas were discovered here in the early 19 hundreds mega projects keep changing. the gulf nations landscape, hulu, but the guitar coastline and its desert are also the source of a different kind of natural wealth. and if left unprotected ketter's native species and those who use the tiny gulf nation as a stopping point, as part of their long migration could be endangered. as a result of a loss of habitat. i'm stephanie decker, the waters off the car closer. we are surrounded by whale shot, the biggest fish in the world with this addition of took the al jazeera will take
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you on a journey with us towards diverse wild life that will be joined by a marine environmentalist and also a conservationist and will be discussing the impact the potential uncontrolled development could have on these are diverse wildlife species living here. if unprotected, o, ah, it all started a few months ago. we wanted to know more about the present here of the do gum or see cow. we have in the region. the 2nd largest golden rule, this is how we 1st met dr. musson i. yes, i am marine environmentalist and professor from contra university, responsible for taking this beautiful drone images and also his mel shave from exxon mobil research. they've been studying the do guns and why they gather here in such large numbers. we have 2 tables. he got
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a hollow fellow and a 100. and so these are the, at the only thing to do something. yes. okay, so i mean it's important to protect it. yeah, this is very important to know. without the figures, you'll not find any dog on it. but the most important for us, how to protect it from the fishing net, how to protect it from and removing this food, which is mean the secret us. a lot of she got us area already. they move during a lot of developments going on and reading the pollution we were incredibly lucky to find the least have heard on another day. amazingly, you can be closer to them and you can see the gathering did you need to
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huge. i'm not sure about number, but i find that to plus, but it's a beautiful thing to see them that close. but the reality is that these animals are endangered on a deserted beach in the north of character, isn't it? why their numbers are decreasing in like to 5 percent of the quality of the doggone here? it can by touched by car jack mean it says attached to the fishing that they need to breathe within 5 minutes to 6 minutes. if they are under stella, they would die. you know, well, yeah. and because of that, you'll not see any physical evidence. you know, how do you stop this from happening? the stop, this is just to protect their feeding area with the grass. and just to confirm that people like the marine mammal, they are an endangered species. we should protect them,
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we should do something ah, the survival of our plan. it's natural treasures depends on the protection of wildlife habitat, entire ecosystems, just an hour north of cutters, capital doha. we continue our journey with the professor to find the landscape. many would be surprised is here in the gulf. hello. this is. and this man groups really is affecting our coastal area for roger. so really it's been if you go to the country, the 3 have like hundreds of rules and this ruth, that we're looking good. they are pretty think from the, from this rule out they breathe one of the exactly. and they really, if you ever benefit you can think about it. when the high tide is coming, small fish, they go in and hide between these brought oh,
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from predators. exactly. because the big fish kind of goes from the growth is a beautiful to see if we think in symphony. you know, it's, and 6 crabs fish everything there. mm. oh. we return at high tide to see the difference. oh. so it's completely different at high tide. julia, this is where the big fish coming now to feed as it is a lot of development that is happening here. how concerned are you about the impact that that's going to have on the mangroves in a place like this? since i started my own carrier in the marine science, this is area really still protected and this is really very good sign. only i'm thinking about the future. if there is something is happen and we need to this area
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for reason, rather, this is going to be, you know, distribute from the, from our mad next generation coming. they will say nothing. and this is my only concern. now i what kind of an impact is pollution have on the mangroves only the human and back to the people really leave when they are living there. the area like blasting something the clean maybe you can see there is one plastic bag. it's already there. can be really hurting the the man growth. it's twisted all around the branch. in my hope it's the scholastic will be just bend in this country. it's possible, you know, so many kennedy, this sobered because this is killing really a lot of for even land and i'm like camels, i see a lot of people just throwing things out of their car. there seems to be a bit of a lack of awareness is really difficult with that i hard to believe, but now this,
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this is bitter, committing to that but of your time. but if we still the bloss dick, we're going to really do good job to protect the environmental so on the north, into the scatter. a small taste of just how enormous the world's plastic problem is . jose saucedo heads a group that organizes beach cleanups and urges the community to get involved for everything that you see here is being washed off from the ocean. but whenever i say that, you know, i wanna be sure that we don't create a misconception that he's always wash thought be someone else's, trash is not a trash. it is or trash, you know, 80 percent of the plastic. what he's found in the ocean comes from land sources. so that plastic bottle that you and i just threw away whatever we were at the coordination of that bar got a sports event is going to find its way to the beach and eventually the ocean is going to dump it back on the beach if that didn't sink to the bottom of the ocean, the scale of it. how bad? cuz this i mean it's just littered everywhere. there's plastic everywhere. or used to give you a little bit of
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a scale and understanding in beads. beach we've done in the last year with the 14 cleanups. we had a 1600 volunteers that came on all those cleanups. and we collected 20 tons of trash in 14 cleanups. the biggest clean of one breaker that we've done was in may of last year during drama that we had $300.00 volunteers. in one hour we collected 5 tons of trash in probably toward 300 meters of beach. so show me a little bit about what you find because you can see light ball loads of plastic bottles. deodorant, absolutely. so if you don't mind, what we can do is we can grab a block, a bag very quickly and just emulate what we do under cleanups. and so you guys can see how quickly we feel up a bag with ah,
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ah, ah. so i think by now you get the point, right? yeah. we spent or 5 minutes. maybe we filled up a bag each. each bag is around 12 fellows. ah, well you can do the math and we've literally been in a tiny we haven't moved. we haven't moved, i mean we're, and we rotated a little bit. we haven't even really started to clean it. so when we bring a 100 volunteers, 300 volunteer juke, and see how we can just cover a lot of ground and end up with 450 of these bags in one hour. so that tells you the magnitude of the problem that we face. ah, the current and under me means there's been less of us out and about less of us shadley. busy busy ah, we took
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a boat of kat, or is northern coast with dr. musson to gauge the impact. have you observed a change in nature? katie corona less people on the water left people out live in it, who are not just in the anywhere even there. the vision you can see a clear sky everywhere, the water to become water clear, more fish coming close to the area. and her last tell us one thing. where does the human with that is awesome? nathan, fleeting, very well without a fight. under listen. if you live something along, anything even has done, it is really color listening then gladden, but a lot of research coming through it. we're going to lou. this area is also rich in bird life. ah,
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thousands of cormorants have been feeding all around cats throughout the day. and now as, as the sun is setting coming back to where they spend the night. and it's incredible to see they're just flying over our heads, thousands and thousands of them. oh, birds are having a 100 feet passion. i've been watching bird for more than 15 years and i was a hunter. so when i started photographing mood, still i decided to stop hunting because actually they show me something i, i wasn't seen before. we have offered like more than $350.00 birds. so it's
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a good thing cut out, it's like a station for these birds while they're migrating from place to other. oh, but to get the shot, patience and blending in a key. and how does it feel when you get that perfect shot that you've been waiting for? for so long, like not forget hours, right? days years sometimes. exactly. sometimes when you are focusing on like where birds and you want to get there, we will take like a week, some like fisher, i spend like around 3 weeks just to pick one shot. while his diving in the water to take the fish and coming out the ministry of the environment,
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the clothes in place to protect some of these birds during their breathing season. the hunting season run, september to march. not side of that. it is illegal to hunt. we're told you hunt, you also appreciate nature and understand the need to protect it. how do you balance that? how, how can you find a balance between those 2 things? well actually it's hard to balance between these 2 because like we are hunters and we belong to traditional people, we used to hunt also like our parents, the traditional thing to us. so when you come and you tell them, please don't tell me like a challenge and you need to fight for protecting these but maybe talk change in about 5 or 10 years later. i hope so. then just as we finished our interview, i think we're good. i
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oh, i little might really wind gusts, freeze us from the unbearable heated greenhouse effect of the tent. it slightly cooler at dawn and our journey continues. we had south this time, we want to take a look at man's efforts to try to help nature because of what we have destroyed. atari environmental expert, mohammedan jaida, has been involved in the placing of artificial reefs along this coast. ideally we'd have not to worry why, why do we no longer have not the furnace? in fact, we notice in $96.98, it's the heat wave came and killed may be 90 percent of the cost, the reef, or coral, i mean. and also in the sea,
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but that is also the increase navigational movement in the gulf. you know, the ministry put pressure on the oil in this is not to use the, you know, says mich search and they use the wave. but this also effect mammals, you know, we put pressure on them to compensate. so the compensation consist of, you know, replacing quarter reeves, the bell, c grass, you know, or programs to study marine life. so this is all compensation from the oil industry . so the reality here is that there is a lot of development oil and gas, or how do you balance? that's the reality that isn't going to change. how do you balance that with preserving and conserving nature and the number one difficulty is the mentality. the mentality of people we deal with, you know, when we tell them what you're doing is has an effect on the environment. they don't believe it or no, no god created this and god the protective. yes. but also god gave us the knowledge
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to do that. you know, so once we go over this obstacle, sometimes we deal with, with good the people in charge. they understand that actually they push into the environment. the balance is by compensation that otherwise there is no other way to, to balance it. you know, katara has some beautiful coastline, beautiful beaches and despite it being the heat of summer, we've come here to the north eastern coast because we want to find out more about what's happening under the water. to do that, we need to speak to a couple, a marine biologist and a captain who was starting these waters for almost 15 years. they're currently in france. we're going to give them a call b, b. hi, john ice, a seal or 70. so wow, we are just star north east on one of the beaches. tell me
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a little bit about the changes you've seen happening, particularly when it comes to underneath the waters. since you 1st derived the coastline of cada's been developing really rapidly in the last 10 years. and especially when it comes to south of russ lafond to the inland sea, or it is coastline has been developing really quickly with the pearl and new sale and all this project on the coast. and that's a big perimeter. casa coastal development is actually an affecting the habitat. fishing is certainly an impact that's a lot more fishing out and there was and nettie, you see a lot of nets now washed up on the structures on beaches. we didn't used to have that in the old days, but i was going at the moment. you also work with the oil and gas industry. i just wanna get a sense of like in terms of compensation is there are, there are laws in place that try and compensate for what's being damage or how,
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how does that work in the ministry of environment is actually quite strong and can i can, i can say from working in other places of the world, especially in indian ocean, that cats has got quite a good management for the marine environment with lowes and practice that are proved to be efficient. so for example, when the nolan gas company is doing a new project that will probably have an impact on the marine environment, they have to make an impact assessment and report to the me and together with me for environment they have to put in play some strategy of mitigation and compensation. going back to the reef installation and the we just did a recent one with 200 units, which was 5600 tons, almost of reef 3 days after we put it there. we dived on it and it was fish living
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there already was before. it was just a baron piece of ground. 3 days later we had fish. moving in. the iranian gulf is a very special c. it's extreme. it can go to 15 degrees in the winter to $35.00 degrees in the summer. so those like 20 degrees range of water temperature for curls. for example, this is completely insane on the great barrier reef. if the temperature varies by 2 degrees above the normal, they start bleaching and suffering and eventually dying in cut off the species we have and the adapted to the hush condition. so the, the, that's what we call them super cars because how can this course survive in this kind of conditions where the rest of the course in the planets die with a very smaller range of temperature. so it's really interesting scientifically,
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that we have some species here in keta that can survive the was temperature that we planning in 2100 prediction of sea water temperature in australia. that's why it's worse protecting them as well because they, they might be the future of course, as well. you know, the, me, we had back out to sea for one of our final trips. and it's the one and the most excited about i, we are looking to find the world biggest fish the list when i
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do what's happening in the tune and i was born in. so it's, it's making friends. and so you find one female. and there's like $34.00 males around, and i sort of the, you know, the eject also this param. and it's a big fight, the strong one which will, you know, ejected, spend one and the biggest amount of eggs you know, and what happened, this frenzy, the sound, the sharks they will detected, you know, and they will gather. busy the shorts of it and they will, they will come to the bottom. then you know, once the warning stops, you will find hundreds of shots and they come and feed on the and how many, how many will charts do you usually observe in this area? normally and one aggregation, the biggest, weaker we recorded by a drone is 350, with one shot. you know, but in our database we have more than 600, you know,
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it's world record, you know, and why do they aggregate in this area? in particular, the main thing in this area is the temperature that you see if you go 5 or 6 kilometers out of the water temperature is about between 30 to 250, for average. 32 degrees centigrade in this area here. with to about 2728. you know, it's the best of the ideal temperature for fish to breathe. you know. so when they breathe or spawn here. sure comes for the brooklyn. they come specifically for the fish again, it's come out in the blue ah, a bucket list moment they say, ah, a 1st glimpse of these enormous gentle giant ah,
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it's hard to describe the feeling of swimming alongside them, watching them feed, ah, feeling like tiny, insignificant yet privileged guests in their world, ah, the sun sets on our journey to catch her natural wealth. just minutes from the capital. doha. what's incredible? i like it and even my, my computer screen off. it's this, there's mixing already. it's amazing. i remember it every day. what would you like to see done more to protect law, to be honest, like what, what would you like to be done? what is your dream?
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this rule. one thing, he everything as is it don't touch it. this is the most important thing. second is for the new generation, the maybe the old people they used to use this sir. there's a wible to hunt isn't. yeah, it's culture is a long time ago. that plan is limitation of the food. but no, it's from the lively thing available. so with the kids education and how to protect it, not to driving your car over the nist look coming to hunt this bird for other reason like a sport like fall to. busy what we're going to go sex, really, an fella we are doing. and it's the end of our wildlife travels, it spanned months, many and not aware of just how rich the small desert country is when it comes to nature. increased awareness hopefully will lead to more efforts to protect and conserve all these diverse spectacles of nature. not just to government
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policies, but it's also down to us as individuals to do our part in protecting the land. and the water's that we are privileged to share. oh july and it is here at home cold marks 25 years since it's hand over from british to chinese rule, but with china's cracked on an opposing voices and an exit of citizens. what does the future holds from the headlines to the unreported? people in power investigates, they use an abusive power around the world to live humans voting a referendum on a new constitution. could it spell the end for the only democracy to have emerged from the out of spring uprising? as india is unprecedented, heat wave $1.00 0,
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$1.00 east. that is to the fiery heart at the crisis center goal heads to the poles with the main opposition parties uniting can the vessel power away from the ruling party july on al jazeera with getting a ideals to french republic, islam for a claim. but just what is modern france in a 4 part series, but big picture takes an in depth look. the trouble with france episode won on al jazeera. hm. russia steps up its attack on ukraine is g 7 leaves making gym.

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