tv Talk to Al Jazeera Nature And Development At A Crossroads Al Jazeera June 27, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm AST
everything off japan's electrical grid is especially compromised on top of reduced nuclear reactor capacity following the fukushima meltdown in 2011 and an ongoing closure of coal plants. japan is also facing a shortage of fuel imports from russia. in the coming days, people will have to find a way to stay cool without overtaxing japan's power system. natasha named al jazeera american basketball play brittany griner has appeared in a rush in court for a preliminary hearing. after being arrested for cannabis position. the limpid champion was detained at moscow. a port in february after allegedly being cold carrying vape cottages containing cannabis oil for the us says she's been wrongfully detained to trial. date has not yet been announced, but is expected soon. ah,
hello, watching out a 0. these are the top stories this our g 7 ladies have pledged to stand by ukraine for as long as it takes to end the war with you, with russia. ukrainian president, believe me, zelinski joined the summit by video link and asked for more weapons, aid and sanctions. diplomatic editor james bass has more from bavaria. in the past, with presidents lensky is, is sent one of the video briefings and discuss things with nature. leaders is opening address with nathan g. 7 leaders is opening address has been released the video or at least the transcript has been released by the ukrainian president's office. that's not happened this time and were told by the u. s. national security advisor jake sullivan. that's because a lot of what was discussed was detailed and very sensitive. we understand that were new commitments that were made to ukraine. we know that the us is saying that it's going to give you create new advanced anti missile systems,
but medium and long range that have been reports of the nest. sam's system, which is a know which in the us system, very sophisticated that being one of the things that's going to be deployed, although that wasn't, hasn't yet been confirmed. meanwhile, 900 champions told hamburg has cold rock the most significant threat to security. as allies prepare for a summit in madrid, the group wants to boost its rapid response. troops from 40002300000 sudan is planning to recall its ambassador to addis ababa following accusations. ethiopia is murdered, 7 sudanese soldiers, and one civilian decades of tension. have been aggravated by a disputed border region. sure lanka is sending government ministers to russia and contact to negotiate for fuel. as petro pumps run dry, the countries facing its worst economic crisis since independence. at least 4 people have been killed and dozens injured in columbia after part of an arena
collapse during a bull. 5 symbols ran through the streets, injuring several more people. and in havi, hundreds of supporters of former president jones, i tried to arrest aid, had gathered in the capital to demand teens were 10. they say he's the only one who can put an end to an worsening crime and political instability. those are the headlines states you now for talk to, to 0. how and why did it become so obsessed? with this law, we were giving them a tool to hold the corrupt individuals and human rights abusers accountable. they're gonna rip this deal apart if they take the white house in 2025. what is the world hearing what we're talking about by americans today? your weekly take on us politics and society? that's the bottom line. ah, matter. one of the richest nations per capita in the world.
it's experienced a rapid development since oil and natural gas were discovered here in the early 19 hundreds mega projects keep changing. the gulf nations landscape high. but the guitar coastline and it's desert are also the source of a different kind of natural wealth. and if left unprotected tatters native species and those who use the tiny gulf nation as a stopping point, as part of their long migration could be endangered. as a result of a loss of habitat, i'm stephanie decker, the waters off the car closer. we are surrounded by whale shot. the biggest fish in the wash and this addition of the al jazeera will take you on a journey with us to touch ours, diverse wildlife. it will be joined by a marine environmentalist and also a conservationist. and we'll be discussing the impact the potential uncontrolled
development could have on these are diverse wildlife species living here. if unprotected, ah, it all started a few months ago. we wanted to know more about the presence here of the ducal, or seek out. we happened the region, the 2nd love this a little than the this is how we 1st met dr. musson i. yes, i am marine environmentalist and professor from qatar university responsible for taking this beautiful drone images and also his mel shave from exxon mobil research . they've been studying the do guns and why they gather here in such large numbers . we have to table cigarettes here to the hello for law and the 100. and so these are the,
the only thing to do something. yes. okay, so i mean it's important to protect it. yeah, this is very important to know. without the figures will not find any dog on it. but the most important for us, how to protect it from the fishing net, how to protect it from her removing this food, which is me the secret us. i looked a she gloss area already. they move during a lot of developments going on during the pollution we were incredibly lucky to find elusive herd on another day. amazing easy. you can close up to them and you can see the gathering did you need to huge. i'm not sure about number, but like under to plus, but it's a beautiful thing to see them that close. but the reality is that these animals are
endangered on a deserted beach, in the north of qatar. hint at why the numbers are decreasing in 95 percent of the facility of the dog on here to pop it. it can by touch by car jack mean it says attached to the fishing that they need to breathe within 5 minutes to 6 minutes. if they are under stella, they would die. you know, well, yeah. and because of that, you'll not see any physical evidence. you know, how do you stop this from happening? the stop this is just to protect their feeding area where the grass and just just to inform the people they are like a marine mammals. they are under the endangered species, we should protect them. we should do something ah, the survival of our plan. it's natural treasures depends on the protection of
wildlife habitat of entire ecosystems, just an hour north of cutters, capital doha. we continue our journey with the professor to find the landscape. many would be surprised is here in the gulf. hello one here, crowds there. and this man groups really is affecting our coastal area for roger. so really it's benefit to go to the country. these 3 have like hundreds of rules and this ruth is looking good. they are pretty think from the, from this ruth. oh wow. so they breathe through one of the exactly, and they are really, if you ever benefit you can think about it. when the high tide is coming. small fish the cone and hide between these fruits. oh, from predators. exactly. because the big fish kind of goes from the growth is a beautiful to see if we think and symphony. you know, birds and 6 crabs, fish,
everything there. mm. oh. we return at high tide to see the difference. ah. so it's completely different at high tide. julia, this is where the big fish coming now to feed. so there's a lot of development that is happening here. how concerned are you about the impact that that's going to have on the mangroves in a place like this? since i started my own carrier in the marine science in this area, really still protected and this is really very good sign only i'm thinking about the future if there is something is had been and lead to this area for reason. rather, this is going to be, you know, distribute from the, from our mad next generation coming. they will say nothing. and this is my only
concern now. and what kind of an impact is pollution have on the mangroves only the human and back to the people really leave when they are living there. the area like blasting something please. maybe you can see there is one plastic bag. it's already there. can be really hurting the the man growth. it's twisted all around the branch. in my hope it's the scholastic will be just bend in this country . it's possible, you know, so many country this sobered because this is killing really a lot of for even land animal like camels. i see a lot of people just throwing things out of their car. there seems to be a bit of a lack of awareness is really difficult with that i hard to really, but now this, this is better comparing to the previous time. but if we still the plastic, we're going to really do good job to protect the environment. also on the
north, into the scatter. a small taste of just how enormous the world's plastic problem is . jose saucedo heads a group that organizes beach cleanups and urges the community to get involved for everything that you see here is being washed off from the ocean. but whenever i say that, you know, i wanna be sure that we don't create a misconception that is always wash thought be someone else's, trash is not a trash. it is or trash, you know, 80 percent of the plastic that is found in the ocean comes from land sources. so that plastic bottle that you and i just threw away whatever we were at the coordination the bar got a sports event is going to find its way to the beach and eventually the ocean is going to dump it back on the beach. if that didn't sink to the bottom of the ocean, the scale of it, how bad? cuz this, i mean it's just littered everywhere. there's plastic everywhere or used to give you a little bit of a scale and understanding in beads. beach we've done in the last year with it 14 cleanups. we had a 1600 volunteers that came on all those cleanups. and we collected 20 tons of
trash in 14 cleanups. the biggest clean of one breaker that we've done was in may of last year during drama that we had $300.00 volunteers. in one hour we collected 5 tons of trash in probably toward 300 meters of beach. so show me a little bit about what you find because you can see light ball loads of plastic bushels. deodorant, absolutely. so if you don't mind, what we can do is we can grab a block, a bag very quickly and just emulate what we do under cleanups. and so you guys can see how quickly we feel up a bag with
. so i think right now if you get the point right, yeah, we spent 4 or 5 minutes. maybe we feel about each. each bag is around 12 feels ah, you can do the math and we've literally been in a tiny. yeah. we haven't moved. we haven't moved, i mean we, we re wrote that, i did it a little bit. we haven't even really started to clean it. so when we bring a 100 volunteers, 300 volunteer juke, and see how we can just cover a lot of ground and end up with 450 of these bags in one hour. so that tells you the magnitude of the problem that we face. ah, the current dynamic means there's been less of us out and about less of us shadlee . busy busy ah, we took a boat of cat or is northern coast, with dr. musson to gauge the impact. have you observed
a change in nature? katie corona less people on the water, less people out, live in it who are not just in the anywhere, even the, the vision you can see a clear sky everywhere, the water to become water clear, more fish coming close to the area. and her last tell us one thing, where does the human, where does that is awesome. nathan, fleeting, very well without afraid under listen. if you live something along, anything even has done, it is really color listening then blood. but if not, a breath are coming through it. we going to lou. this area is also rich in bird life. ah, thousands of cormorants have been feeding all around cats throughout the day. and
now as, as the sun is setting coming back to where they spend the night. ready and it's incredible to see they're just flying over our heads. thousands and thousands of them. o birds are having a passion. i've been watching bird for more than 15 years. and i was a hunter. so when i started photographing mood, still i decided to stop hunting because actually they show me something i, i wasn't seeing before. we have offered like more than $350.00 birds. so it's a good thing. cut out. it's like a station for these birds while they're migrating from place to other.
oh but to get a shot, patience and blending in a key. and how does it feel when you get that perfect shot that you've been waiting for for so long? like not forget hours, right, days years sometimes. exactly. sometimes when you are focusing on like where birds and you want to get there, we will take like a weeks like fisher. i spend like around 3 weeks just to pick one shot. while his diving in the water to take the fish and coming out the ministry of the environment is the clothes in place to protect some of these birds during their breeding season. the hunting season run september to march. not side of that. it is illegal to hunt, we're told you hunt,
you also appreciate nature and understand the need to protect it. how do you balance that? how, how can you find a balance between those 2 things? well, actually it's hard to balance between these 2 because like we are hunters and we belong to traditional people, we used to hunt also like our parents. it's a traditional thing to us. so when you come and you tell them, please don't be like a challenge. and you need to fight for protecting these but maybe talk change in about 5 or 10 years later. i hope so. then just as we finished our interview, i think we're good. yeah. i oh, i little light relief. a wind gust, freeze us from the unbearable heated greenhouse effect of the tent.
ah, it's slightly cooler at dawn and our journey continues. we had south this time, we want to take a look at man's efforts to try to help nature because of what we have destroyed. katara environmental expert, mohammedan jaida, has been involved in the placing of artificial reefs along this coast. ideally we'd have not to worry why, why do we no longer have not the furnace? in fact, we notice in $96.98, it's the heat wave came and killed may be 90 percent of the cost, the reef, or coral, i mean. and also in the sea, but that is also the increase navigational movement in the gulf. you know, the ministry put pressure on the oil in this is not to use the, you know,
says mich search and they use the wave. but this also effect mammals, you know, we put pressure on them to compensate. so the compensation consist of, you know, replacing quarter reeves, the bell, c, grass, you know, or a programs to study marine life. so this is all compensation from the oil industry . so the reality here is that there is a lot of development, oil and gas urbanized ation. how do you balance? that's the reality that isn't going to change. how do you balance that with preserving and conserving nature? the number one difficulty is the mentality. the mentality of people we deal with, you know, when we tell them what you're doing is has an effect on the environment. they don't believe it or no, no god created this and god the protective. yes. but also god gave us the knowledge to do that. you know, so once we go over this obstacle, sometimes we deal with, with good the people in charge. they understand that actually they push into the
environment. the balance is by compensation that otherwise there is no other way to, to balance it. you know, katara has some beautiful coastline, beautiful beaches and despite it being the heat of summer, we've come here to the north eastern coast because we want to find out more about what's happening under the water. to do that, we need to speak to a couple, a marine biologist and a captain who been studying these waters for almost 15 years. they're currently in france. we're going to give them a call. b b. hi, john ice a c o r stephanie. so wow, we are just star north east on one of the beaches. tell me a little bit about the changes you've seen happening, particularly when it comes to, to underneath the waters. since you 1st derived the coastline of cada's, been developing really rapidly in the last 10 years. and especially when it comes
to south of russ lafond to d in lancey, all it is coastline has been developing really quickly with the pearl and new sale . and all this project on the coast, and that's a big parameter casa coastal development, is, are actually an affecting the habitat. the fishing is certainly an impact that's a lot more fishing out and it was. and nettie, you see a lot of nets now washed up on the structures on beaches. we didn't used to have that in the old days, but i was going at the moment. you also work with the oil and gas industry. i just want to get a sense of like in terms of compensation is there are, there are laws in place that try and compensate for what's being damage or how does that work? and the minister of environment is actually quite strong and can, i can, i can say from working in other places of the world, especially in indian ocean,
that cats has got quite a good management for the marine environment with lowes and the practice proved to be efficient so for example, when the nolan gas company is doing a new project that will probably have an impact on the marine environment, they have to make an impact assessment and report to the me and together with the material environment they have to put in play some strategy of mitigation and compensation. going back to the reef installation and the we just did a recent one with 200 units, which was 5600 tons, almost of reef 3 days after we put it there. we died on it and it was fish living there already was before it was just the baron piece of ground. 3 days later we had fish. moving in. the iranian gulf is
a very special c. it's extreme. it can go to 15 degrees in the winter to a $35.00 degrees in the summer. so those like 20 degrees range of water temperature for curls. for example, this is completely insane on the great barrier reef. if the temperature varies by 2 degrees above the normal, they start bleaching and suffering and eventually dying in cut off the species we have and the adapted to the hush condition. so the, the, that's what we call them super cars because how can this course survive in this kind of conditions where the rest of the course and the planets die with a very smaller range of temperature. so it's really interesting scientifically, that we have some species here in keta that can survive the was temperature that we planning in 2100 prediction of sea water temperature in
australia. that's why it's worse protecting them as well because they, they might be the future of course, as well. you know, the, me, we had back out to sea for one of our final trips. and it's the one and the most excited about i, we are looking to find the world biggest fish. i see what's happening in the tune and i was born in. so it's,
it's making friends and so you find one female. and there's like 34 males around, and i sort of see jack the, the, you know, the eject, also this parent. and it's a big fight, the strong one which will, you know, ejected, spend one and the biggest amount of eggs you know. and what happened, this frenzy the sound of the sharks they will detected, you know, and they will gather. busy the shorts of it and they will gather, they would come to the bottom because then you know, once the phoning stops, you will find hundreds of shots and they come and feed on the and how many, how many will charts do you usually observe in this area? normally and one aggregation, the biggest, weaker we recorded by a drone is 350, with one shot. you know, but in our database we have more than 600. you know, it's wild record, you know, and why do they aggregate in this area? in particular, the main thing in this area is the temperature that you see if you go 5 or 6
kilometers out of the water temperature is about between 30 to 250, for average. 32 degrees centigrade in this area here. with to about 2728. you know, it's the best of the ideal temperature for fish to breathe. you know. so when they breathe or spawn here. sure comes for the brooklyn. they come specifically for the fish again, it's come out in the blue ah, a bucket list moment they say, ah, a 1st glimpse of these enormous gentle giant ah, it's hard to describe the feeling of swimming alongside them, watching them feed, ah, feeling like tiny,
insignificant yet privileged guests in their world, ah, the sun sets on our journey to catch her natural wealth. just minutes from the capital. doha. what's incredible? i like it and even my, my computer screen off. it's this, there's mixing already. it's amazing. i remember it every day. what would you like to see done more to protect law, to be honest, like what, what would you like to be done? what is your dream? this rule. one thing, he everything as is it don't touch it. this is the most important thing. second is for the new generation, the maybe the old people they used to use this sir. a. busy x or y world to hunt
isn't. yeah, it's culture is a long time ago. let me limitation of the food, but now it's from the lively thing available. so with the kids education and how to protect it, not to driving your car over the nist look coming to hunt this bird for other reason like a sport like fall to. busy what we're going to go sex, felix, an fella we are doing, handling it's the end of our wildlife travels. it spanned months, many and not aware of just how rich the small desert country is when it comes to nature. increased awareness hopefully will lead to more efforts to protect and conserve all these diverse spectacles of nature. not just to government policies, but it's also down to us as individuals to do our part in protecting the land and the waters that we are privileged to share.
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