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tv   The Stream  Al Jazeera  September 1, 2022 7:30am-8:01am AST

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in the upcoming presidential elections. currently the shy boston hour has come under fire. for softening restrictions on exploitation of the rainforest. will spain's world famous annual tomato fight known as that latin matina. his return to the streets have been you all. ah, more than $20000.00 participants hurled tomatoes at each other. tuning the main street rid after a 2 year high, just because of covered celebrations, went full throttle. we all loved it. we all done together. we all played together and i think this is our best di spread it my whole year. after 2 years, i'll call it the father. this is one hell of me cleans we actually climbed up together as well. sir, 11 hell of an experience, everybody's recommended to gum yo ones in their life that i didn't expect all to me . but it was so much fun and told me, were that,
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ah, this is al jazeera and these are the top stories. the you in human rights chief has released a damning report and to china's alleged human rights violations against the weaker population. michelle barinello says bushings arbitrary and discriminatory detention if weakest and other mostly muslim groups may constitute crimes against humanity. it was 13 minutes before the end of her term, the end of the month that the report was finally released. and i can tell you human rights groups pretty angry about that. pretty angry about the way this was done. but they also tell me that is probably indicative of the pressure behind the scenes that was coming from china. we have a statement from human rights watch. the i commission is damning findings. explain why the chinese government fought tooth and nail to prevent the publication of this
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report. united nations inspectors have arrived and ukraine southern city of separation there assisting safety ad. europe's largest nuclear power site, which is occupied by russian forces. 3 weeks of shelling near the plant has raised fears of a radiation lake european union. foreign ministers have agreed to suspend a visa deal with russia, which will make it harder and more expensive for russians to visit the block. but they stop short of imposing a blanket ban ross my man saw the wife of malaysia's jailed former prime minister. now she resolved is in court and about to hear her fate in a corruption trial. the 70 year old is charged with soliciting and receiving one and a half $1000000.00 worth of bribes. her husband knew she began a 12 year prison term last week. the u. s. has authorized its 1st update to cove at 19 vaccines and booster shots that target the omicron strain. the food and drug administration hopes, the modified pfizer bound taken medina jabs will provide
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a higher protection against more contagious variance. well, those are the headlines. the news continues here on al jazeera, after the stream up next, so coveted beyond well taken without hesitation, fought and died for power. if vines are well, we live here, we make the rule, not them. they find an enemy and then they try and scare the people with people and power. investigate exposed is and questions the youth and abuse of power around the globe on out is there. hi, anthony. ok. what happens when a 154 elected people attempt to rewrite a constitution for an entire nation? when everybody like hit?
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well, we are about to find out on sunday as to late citizens go to the polls to vote on a draft constitution. so today on, i shows we had towards referendum day, what could this draft constitution do that tonight? you can be part of the conversational g g. the comment section is like now live. so you can join us and be part of today shit. chew is undertaken. this radical experiment in peaceful democratic renovation of getting its constitution to respond to me. the crises that simply don't appear in our constitutional frameworks. crises like any quote between men and women, rich and poor, urban and rural crisis, and insecurity. guaranteeing access to health housing, to a decent standard of living. and finally, to arset clash crisis, constantly ignored by no one there. lawmakers, but the constitutional frameworks to which they pay homage on a daily basis. dave,
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there, embodying the possibilities of what could happen into play with a new constitution. joining us to talk about the realities. valentina kim ana, and also patricia good to have you welcome back to summer. welcome to come on. oh, nice to have you, valentina, please say hello to our audience around the world. welcome back to the stream, tell them who you are and your connection to the strong constitution process in july. thank you very much for the invitation. my name is valentina my booth and i am the editor of context of a blood digital media that covered in ground the constitutional process. get to have you, the minor. c'mon are welcome. nice to have you. please introduce yourself to audience around the world. hi, my name is kim. i know if you would like to show i'm a senior advisor working for international ideas, constitution building program out of the hey netherlands. i've been involved
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intuitive for the past years, and of course following very closely this process. also with some travel to taylor in the past months, so really excited to begin. thank you. so get to have you, patricia, welcome back to the stream. the last for you. a much the 2nd sound. interesting to see how you're doing, but remind audience who you are. what you do and your connection to this draw constitutional press. sure to be shenaria. i'm a professor of liberal studies at new york university. i also teach political science at when you get to the vehicle propellers. and sheila and i from expert on gillian politics. so i followed the constitution process and everything that came before very closely to patricia, there was something that you said on the show back in march. that duck with me, it was such a vivid metaphor. i'm going to play it back to you, and you can tell me where we are with the draft constitution. if that metaphor still stands here is patricio on march. the 2nd,
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on the street conclusions would ideally be minimal. and visual, probably be one of the longest constitutions in the world because they are putting lots of things into the constitution. that's never a good idea. in building constitutions less, it's better than having ways too many things. and the constitution will end up looking like a christmas trees, like a christmas tree. we press and for everyone. how's the christmas tree looking? well, lots of presence and not really a mechanism to pay for those present. so this is one of the longest constitutions in the world. he has a number of thrust, right? this is very common in latin american constitution. the social rights are put into the constitution, but then they are not delivered. they are not enforced. so people get disappointed . and discontent with democracy because they were promised something. this is like getting a present in your christmas tree, but the present is really empty. oh my goodness, i'm valentina,
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i'm just thinking you've been following this entire process. you go. assignment ends on sunday. what stand out for you from reporting this for july, for chile, and so they understand the entire process. what jumped out to you, what memory would you like to share? well, i think that it was truly an experiment, as they said earlier before. and as this experiment, i think people were very interested in seeing what it was going to happen. and as what lisa was saying, i think it's also kind of a christmas tree. and he also said in march, less is better, which i agree. and i think that most lawyers agree, but an interesting that i have seen in this past month is that a part of the campaign has focused and saying that there's many things that aren't in the proposal. and maybe lawyers are going to agree that it isn't necessary that they are in the proposal. but still there are a making a little bit of brightness on people saying that because things aren't bare. it
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means that we're not going to have them for their more or less law is not going to include it. so i think that's a very, very interesting thing that has happened and at least this few months of the campaign came on a, you've got so much experience when it comes to constitutions and a new ones. rewriting them. so this one is 54000 words long. it feels like it's a giant constitution. it's huge. if people are voting on it, i really got to read it by sunday. well that's, that's a really good question. i think that it will be hard for most people to read the constitution, but of course, there have been civic education campaigns campaigns to inform, the public of the contents of the constitution. i think the constitution is actually quite interesting and has a number of innovation both in the framework of constitution,
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recent competition history. and those innovations will probably bring in the draft is approved. of course, we'll bring some changes in society. so i think it's interesting, but it's also the framework of global trade constitution making, which are quite interesting to follow. all right, now give me one inovation where you, when you were looking at because you've been involved with this rewriting the constitution, creating a new constitution for chile. so an innovation that really you look at and you go, wow, what would that be? well, i would say that parity, not only in the legislature in congress, but also another state institutional for stan, credit, important innovation was those so demanded by half of the population? right. so i would say that that's a, that's one, but there are so many others as well. so says the gender power to it in public
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office, the has to be equal jobs, the men and the women. immediately as soon as this concentration is, if, if it is adopted, that will happen immediately. that exists drawer nary. because for many other places in the world, it takes you, it will take us 50 years to get to this space or 100 years to get to this space. i want to introduce you to alondra can really know who was part of the drafting committee. and this is what she says about gender poverty in the history of mankind . this is the 1st constitution written by a joint body that has a result in the lives of women girls and brings diversity sexual and gender dissidence are at the center of our constitutional proposal. which could lead to be eradication of centuries old injustice. m valentina was that something that is resonating with the public until i have a excited about that part of the draft constitution. i would definitely say it is, or the last years there has been a very strong feminist movement that has asked for more rights for women,
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for children, for girls, for sexual dissidence. so i think it's a very important thing. and for the up a entry rep f referendum, they also asked for gender parity it as we saw, the 50, a $150.00 or constitutional work, half women have men. so it ended this thing. assembly member said that it was going to be difficult to turn it to have a result that wasn't similar to the way that this constitution was written. so up, the parody concept was really, really present among all the discussion. and now we can see really materialized and people i of course women are very happy with this idea. just i just going back to sort of political routes. what is the purpose of a new constitution? for chile, it feels like everybody's hopes and dreams are in this $54000.00 word document that goes on the page off the page off the page. is that the ideal for a constitution?
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what should she late be asking for? out constitutional should be the rules of the game. they are not police. he documents, we are not documents about where we won the country to go. but rather what the rules are for how the political process we play out in the country. and you think many people and she looked confused and other places as well, continues the component of the rules of the game, which are not very clear in the constitution and the policy objectives, which should be part of the political process, not part of the constitution after all every 4 years we have elections so that people choose whether they want to go right or left by words or 4 or 4 worth in in the political process. so considerations do discuss and i'm going to take issue with the air here, statement made by the political economist, constitutional, discuss inequality all the time. the us constitution, for example, has an amendment that establishes what amendment america that establishes that
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a black person slave would come for 2 or 3 fifths of a person. so continue to use. i have always been about the rules of the game. this constitution is a lot about poorly see objects. the funny think that confuses a little bit. what considerations should be about this come draft constitution doesn't say how many legislatures there will be in congress. but he does say that she let you prioritize for, in relations with latin american countries. those are policy issues, not constitutional. the same issues. i think another, you better concentration also give guidelines and principles as to how policy should be forms, right? and i do in the lecture, wait a 2nd, the list of certain economic rights as long of course. but it leaves a lot to actually implementation to, to the congress, to legislate. so it gets
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a lot, i mean, if the patient but at the same time it's quite a lot of space for congress to actually make policy. and it doesn't, it doesn't, it doesn't really determine the way that the policy is going to be. i think that another problem that is also confusing the citizens is that this government, that is the vice president of the body has made the idea that the success of the own government. it depends on the success of the referendum in case that operate will win. and that also generates a problem because people tend to think that giving us some sub to the project is also giving us some up to the president and his government. and this is, i think of why, because asked, but the who said this is about the rules of the game and not the rules of the government. the constitution is supposed to be think for 34 years ahead and not only 4 or 4 year term for presidential term. so i think that in this moment,
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in the congress and in the government that have been a while idea about how the country should read this contribution and it isn't necessarily attached to the government. it's more attached to the state. as a general idea, i am wondering what the atmosphere is like in chill a right now pose, and not necessarily the best barometer for how people are feeling, but it gives us a little bit of an idea of a look here on my laptop. so the green bar means that the population approves a certain part of the population approves of the draft constitution. the pink reject the grey job. not so august the 19th. the yes, let's go for this new constitution. 37 percent august the 7th. fully 3 percent. yet let's go for the new constitution and august the 19th. 33 percent. yes, that's go says new constitution. all of that time the reject percent of the people
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polled fake. no. we don't fill this. what does that sound like though on the ground that's happened? listen to a 2 lane who is very keen for this draft constitution process and somebody who with it take a look. people yeah, i see this process has involved all of us equally. we have seen all of our rights made visible rights that we have fought for through the feminist movements. the women's movement is a historical struggle that we have been carrying out and she lay for many years. and today, all generations are united to say that we approve it some way mental them will say there is a little book called the constitution. that is the origin of all of our problems. and they say, that's another little book called the new constitution is going to be the solution to all our problems. i don't think the solution is just to write something down. what we really need a good public policy when i'm not the political and if they spat patricia, what are your family or your friends feeling at the moment?
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i don't think they're really representative because they all live in the united states right now in prag. so i haven't been to t live for, for a couple of weeks, but i'm not really predicting very well who we vote. since we don't have a likely voter, we don't really know how many new people will show up. this is technically a mandatory voting seats. when everyone's going to show up, how do you not know if it's mandatory, every voting i don't have to show up? do they know petitioner? well, there are lots of things that are mandatory and people don't do so simply by saying that it's mandatory. you're not going to get many people to show up. boating is like smoking. if you didn't do it by the time you were 40, you're probably not going to do it. and there are many older she lands who never voted younger people night to now to vote. but the older population that never
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bought it, we probably not bother to show up and vote on sunday. so if we don't know who's likely voter, it's very difficult to predict what the result will be. fine. okay. i think that's something that we have to consider is that are in the end 3 breath runs. there still was a very, very big percent. your people who wanted the constitution around 80 percent of the people now. and despite what happens, i think that the percentages are going to be much closer around 55 percent. again, 45 percent. i don't know where tops is going to win though, but i think that the presenter is going to be much, much closer. because in this whole year of the work of the constitutional convention, we saw that people weren't necessarily happy with the outcome of what they did and cyclical with some of their behaviors among the, the monks that they worked. there was some conflicts. there were some put polemical, fake polemic things. so i think that despite may be a liberal,
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when that doesn't mean that the general, the public, the population, like a big number of them, are going to be very happy with the result. you've got some really interesting comments here on youtube, so let me start with making that stop with see if this constitution is a victory for democracy on the falls. the way the debate is dominated by the spread of force. information makes me doubt if the process is sufficiently independent. earlier we spoke to jennifer who made a very similar point. this is what she told us. us, you shall process was sparked by demands for more just and equitable society. and so the outcome of sundays referendum signals, whether countries can use constitution making to improve satisfaction with democracy. and the new constitution's defeat would signal the triumph of anti democratic forces. that's because the opponents to the new constitution are not just expressing policy disagreement. they are relying on fake news and fear mongering to undermine the new constitution's legitimacy. for example, they demonize marginalized social groups like indigenous peoples,
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circulating false hoods on social media like the new constitution will allow indigenous peoples to steal your house. these tactics are straight out of the trump, and both are a playbook and their global diffusion is extremely concerning. valentina, can you tell us about the misinformation, some of the most outrageous rumors that you've heard you've read, you've seen? well, for example, op now that be a cool women writes, and one of those rights of reproductive rights is that people can do abortions. some people have said that they're going to allow abortions until 9 months pregnancy, that it's basically when the child support. so there are many, many things like they're going to take a where you houses or for example, that there's isn't going to be any more police that people are very afraid of. and this is very, very effective because we know that when people get afraid, are angry about something that is a very, very like a group that touches you very deep inside. so you get really convinced about that.
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and you don't wonder if the information that you're receiving is correct or isn't correct. you just get by a lot of emotions and just ask jennifer said it, that's a very strong tragedy of fake news and this information. and i, we have seen a very, very strongly this past month. audience is fine, but let me, let me think. yep. issue with any 1st. i mean, jamie, for him live that boating reject is kind of anti democratic. that's also fake news . i mean, jennifer is embarking on the same kind of fake news that she accuses the others to do that are to legitimate options on sunday. you can both approve or vote reject for this consideration, but he doesn't mean that you're anti democratic if you both are one or the other. this is really something that we get come on in here, valentino then you can come off to come on. come on, you go ahead, go ahead. i do think that there are some legitimate concerns as to the constitution may be less as to what the constitution says,
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but more what the constitution doesn't and how the constitution will actually be implemented. but another very interesting thing is that even those, that even even number it's action contain those that are you for rejection, they still a great percentage once a new constitution to be adopted even if it's not this one. right? and that is, that is really interesting because going back to the 1980 constitution does not seem, at least in the long term, to be a real option. come on, i just wanted to pick a bank of that because bright is on youtube right now. and his question to you panel, what was it about the o constitution didn't work for the people of chalet. patricio, well, it depends on what your viewpoint this, but they all constitution lacked. a legitimate origin was written out of their, the military, you paid or should it be produce the space for democracy to grow and consolidate
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since democracy was restored in 1990 had a number of authoritarian enclaves, but the country did reduce poverty and inequality. 990 probably not fast enough or not as far as menu 5 wanted to, but democracy did flourish under the constitution, but the origin of that constitution was clearly illegitimate because he worked in bones by a military dictatorship and in phoenix had to have some most ad yes, i think that there's something that people still question that is that when the protest started in october of 2019 people were, they wanted more equal. right? that's something that everyone knows. and the some, the political solution to that was the new constitution, but people in the street they weren't asking for a new constitution. so i don't know if that be an period that washer said,
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if i can be answered. because now when the political parties offered, when the new constitution was the president said, we have to have a new constitution. everybody was on board, but it wasn't the thing that the people in the street asked for. so maybe the people have this idea that the new constitution is going to give them many more rights and is going to reduce the inequality. but we're not 100 percent. sure that that is going to happen in the pot and depends on the public policy. that of course have a very, very big base with the constitution. but it isn't just enough. but i think bad people have to be really conscious of god because the high dictations this new constitution has maybe aren't, aren't going to be enough for what people lot want to briefly go ahead when the constitution has just written tax, it needs to be implemented right so public policies are the center of how this constitution will be implemented and whether it will be it will respond to the needs and demands of the population and those that the boys november 2019. so i do
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think that it will be seen. i mean, a lot of things of the constitution tax presentation will be seen once it starts being implemented. and another interesting thing is that it is that colonel congress of a just selected in november, december last year that will be in charge of implementing it for the next 3 years in case that it is approved. interesting point. so even though it's amanda free referendum for trace, pointed out that not everybody does what they're supposed to do. so we do not know what will happen on sunday, but i want to include 2 important voices. one voice is a yes, this is important draft constitution. the other voices, i am voting know so you can hear for people who are actually going to vote what decisions are going to make. having this, how to look in if they wanted to send a to a, let me know the current constitution. there is not a paragraph, an article, a line, a word that mentions the native people in the new proposal that will be voted on
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september 4th and for which we call for approval. there are 55 articles dedicated to indigenous people. yeah, mohammed where i went and oh that i cherished by my vote now because i feel that although it is true that generating a new constitution is super important. the idea of creating it was born at a time of great crisis in our country. therefore, it was not a decision that was made on the basis of objectivity. mainly because chill, i was going through a very difficult time. go on, manassas question. fact kamani, this is dipping into her expertise. the referendum question on sunday will be, do you approve the text of the new constitution proposed by the constitutional convention? is that a good question to ask to like i know the rates are very good sir, but i spoke with karen outbound, i mean the organ become critical. mention a thing in the media for the past. good year. i think everybody is looking forward
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to going and boating about them with me and seeing what the future holds for them. thank ye kimono, patricia valentina as we lead out to the referendum for chillies, draft constitution. he watching out his era to find out what the result will be. and so watching a cap, i see next time ah september on al jazeera jillions go to the pose in a vote. they could redefine the country, but will the people approve the boat, the constitution up front returns baltimore hill top through the headlines to challenge the conventional wisdom. the u. k. is conservative party alexa, new leda to become the country's prime minister. amid an impending economic recession, listening closed, examines and dissects the world's media,
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how they operate, and the stories they cover. with rising prices, causing hardship and discontent across the globe, we report on the human cost and national attempts. a tackling the crisis. september on al jazeera drank assessment. how much support is there that st protest that we've seen in cartoon across the rest of the country, the street and has been, has been very good at tapping into the core confounded people across the country, informed opinions, we will say more of it. what is happening is that climate change it making them work in depth analysis of the days global headlines. druggie is credited by some way where they were storing italy's credibility. this critics would say he couldn't play the part of a politician. what do you think went wrong inside story on al jazeera, latin america is a region of wonder. i'm joy tragedy, and yes of violet. but it doesn't matter where you are. you have to be able to relate to the human condition with no category is
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a life, and it's my job to shed light on how and why criminal games are selling vietnamese children. walk into slavery in one to one east investigates how the traffic is. are they doing justice on our to sarah aah . chon is accused of possible crimes against humanity in should john the beijing rejects the u. n. reporter leaching this week. his and other muslim minorities being tortured, completely fabricated. ly auto.


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