Skip to main content

tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  September 9, 2022 3:30am-4:01am AST

3:30 am
journalist, judy of walk me last me, which was skill wise, she was covering a raid into me by an each really soldier. now these activists say that the main aim and goal from this job is to train other policy and ruth, in younger generations of the community to follow the pod office, she read a box is delivering the policy and story to the international world. we won't be international community not to talk, not to give us promises or words we want actions, as you know before shooting there was yes and were 1000. and now it's judy and tomorrow it's will be another one. so we really want actions and me as a reason i'm trying to work on social media. i'm trying to spread the palestinian story by using social media sites. these activists reform many performances to day . but one of which was the moments of assassination of to read
3:31 am
a box to remind the world like after over a 100 thing. no justice was me for the killing attribute of awfully, but they will not forget her. and they will keep on seeking justice through their social media platforms and reminding the world that such a cry should not be forgotten. more news on al jazeera very shortly, we'll leave you now with more on the queen's 70 year rate. blue. ah ah, i did try whether to say no short shall be debated. the old service. ah ah
3:32 am
ah, what i said now the queen and the grandmother. i say from my heart, i want to pay tribute to diana myself. she was an exceptional and gifted human being, ah, ah, the queen, we have seen the worst, but also the best of our continent. we have witnessed how quickly things can change
3:33 am
for the better. but we know that we must work hard to maintain the benefits of the page world. ah, me a weekly look at the world's top business stories from global markets to economies and small businesses to understand how it affects our daily lives in ami damage. every $50000000.00 is counting the cost on al jazeera human progress is in decline. the u. n's found that life expectancies, education levels of living standards have fallen in nearly every country. so what's behind that change, and how can the trend be reversed? this is insight story.
3:34 am
ah hello, welcome to the program. i'm adrian finnegan, 30 years a continuous human progress is unraveling. that's the warning from the latest report on the united nations human development index. it's a measure of average life expectancy is education levels and living standards around the world since it was introduced in 1990. the index has increased every year until 2020 but the u. n is now recorded 2 years of decline in a row. it means that we're living short a lives a less well educated, and that incomes a going down. the pandemic climate change and the war in ukraine had been blamed. the u. n says that the world has been lurching from crisis to crisis over the past 2 years. the setback is global,
3:35 am
affecting more than 90 percent of countries since 2019. the worst affected is south sudan. people there live on average until they're 55 years old. and you'll earnings a $768.00. at the other end of the scale is switzerland. it's been a top performer since 2009 people that are expected to live into their mid eighties and earn on average $66000.00 a year. the un says the situation could be improved by countries investing in renewable energy, preparing for future pandemic st. and insuring against economic shocks. elders, there is hip morgan has more now from khartoum on white chad, south sudan, and this year are at the bottom of that list. when you take a look at the 3 countries at the bottom of the list, there are a few factors that they seem to have in common. now, one of them is conflict. those countries have been facing conflict for years now. that has led to the displacement of millions of civilians. some of them being
3:36 am
forced to cross the border into neighboring countries to seek refuge. their reports also mentioned the impact of corporate and global supply chains and the impact of those countries at the bottom of the list. some of them already vulnerable because of the conflict and because of other disasters they were dealing with. now the report says that it has not looked into the impact of the war on ukraine, on those countries, but that, that will likely have a more negative and deeper impact on those countries already at the bottom of the list. and we'll have an impact on the mental health of the people living in those countries. now, one thing it says that those countries also have in common is the impact of climate change south for them. for example, have been witnessing floods for 3 day 3 years now, and that has led to displacement of tens of thousands of civilians and to the submerging of villages as well as the loss of life. same thing has been happening in chad over the past few months with villages being submerged and people losing their lives and people being forth from their home to seek shelter on dry land. now
3:37 am
the opposite is happening in the chair and that is drought that has affected the lifestyle and the livelihood of people there. all these factors leading to again impacts of the well being of the people they're specifically on their mental health . he will mortgage for anti story. ah, that's bringing our guests for today's discussion from new york, we're joined by luis, philip lopez, caliber, the un development programs, regional director for latin america and the caribbean, from quite a lumped up dr. jamila, my food professor at executive director of planetary health at san juan university and from nairobi. charles to sing up, middle east and northeast, northeast africa, director of a plan international. welcome to you all, luis, philip a. lopez culver. let's start with you. we live in a world of worry, begins the report, but we've always lived in a world of worry and uncertainty. what's new here? humans have always been concerned about plagues and pestilence, violence, and war,
3:38 am
floods and droughts. to quote the report. what is significant about this report? you very much i was, you got the report. the best tradition of these human development is to try to a proposal, an idea of this phase of the development world and quantify some of the challenges . and i think the most important aspect now what the difference is that the mix, which is that make sure this will yields too much progress for the 1st time in 32 years. since reports are published, has actually going down has gone down for the world for 2 years in a row, 10 percent of the countries have a reduction in development the next. now 90 percent of the countries have a reduction in the human development. so there's a situation regarding the development massively for the world,
3:39 am
but also the report makes the point about increased uncertainty and we can talk about what the projections of the see grease uncertainty. but i think it's important that we talk about the how the economy pricing that followed probably and the recent crisis, but now. ready report 125 shows a magnitude of the doctor about what struck gue most about this report. i think 1st of all, i want to congratulate you n d p for this really remarkable report. because for the 1st time i think but even in the last report. but what it does is it positions the danger of the entropy seen in the now very uncertain complex, which is a very welcome welcome report. and it gets us to start looking at how, you know, the, the dots are now joining and how that impacts people's lives. at the end of the day
3:40 am
it is about, you know, the human population, not just in terms of health and know that, but also the stress it's, it's causing and almost the paralysis and powerlessness that people actually feel. and we, we have to now say that, you know, we are in this complexity, that is cascading that is colliding. and we've got to find the way out of it. talk to minute, not 9, and 10 countries sit backwards on that. the human development index in either 2020 or 202140 percent of the fell in both years. and then what led to such an unprecedented decline? do you think? i think this has been something that has been building up, but we know we are living in the entropy and edit actually human behaviors and but there's the rate at which you know, this decline is happening, which is very alarming added to that. you know, we've had a couple of very severe and, you know, major crisis, not just a pen damage,
3:41 am
but also, you know, you've mentioned the ukraine, the, you know, the polarization of the world that is not helping in the political leadership to find solutions. ringback we have a very paula, paula: whoa. and you know, in the middle of that people are stock, the multilateral institutions also stock because you know, you can find that way out. and i think we need a global leadership now to be at its finest. charles, boosting a south sudan, chad and this year, as we reported or at the bottom of that list and you had our corresponded hip morgan saying that a common thread, that is conflict and natural disasters. what do you think makes these countries so vulnerable? is it just that or does leadership good leadership come into a to is a combination of different factors. and as we have hud, we are talking about these countries coming of coverage, conflict,
3:42 am
extreme weather conditions, and the also the global impact of the crisis. so they are not specifically so guarded from all it is chris's and the when that is combined with. but governance that enhances a cup of be inducing ability of the countries in addressing some of these as we have also seen from the record that the feeding off each other. and that is it really did. they that enhances the vulnerability of all their populations. that in those countries, and that significantly and puts on some of the populations like women and children who would fit the brand of all those kind of situations. what impact charles, will the war in ukraine have? i mean that that's happening a long way from most developing nations,
3:43 am
particularly in africa. but what impact will that warn ukraine have on developing nations that are already struggling to for, to deal with the full hours of, of the pandemic? yeah. did the william ukraine is do we have already seen in most countries has impacted on de, raised in for prices and fuel prices. and the making may not be countries unable to meet the needs and therefore need. so it has compounded day, already existing bud situation for some of these countries. we've seen the impact of supply chain condition which has resulted in tool many of the countries not being able to have access some of these for the class. and we've seen that didn't not africa, for instance,
3:44 am
where most of this will have been dependent on know which from ukraine and russia of been impacted by these. and that they said has had significant impact on women and children. luis very pe lopez called her when the report talks about a decline in human development. what exactly does it mean? index combined 3 aspects. one is in education and the other is measured by a specific indicator which is like expectancy. why don't the shocks this indicator or the rational gimme go and the packet is still to be longer time. i think it's important to emphasize that life expectancy went down by almost 2 years. that is
3:45 am
a lot in jim. so why does he have taken 2 countries to get to higher their expectancy, which is typically an indicator that way summarizes the fate of many other indicators. but i was want to emphasize that if we look at the report implications, not only in terms of the economic conditions for the people, but also social and political indication is very important. because what we see is the lowest level of trust and safety. because of these increased level of uncertainty and control over their lives because they shopped a very high level of political when we were, we carry a piece, we're going to stay with solutions. maybe something that we're going to follow up on. i can read these, but think about i was opposed to the ice invest shore and we
3:46 am
show cases of country that have don't try to recover and that happened on his nation. so investing in ensuring and innovating needs. good leadership, doesn't it? i mean, the world is not exactly blessed with, with the best of, of leadership at the moment when we've got so many den ago, demagogues the, the political polarization that we're seeing at the moment that the large towards popularization the world is, is looking fragmented and is not coming together in the way that it needs to to, to bring about what you propose it is indeed moment of hybridization and no trust. as we show in the report. we believe that both transformation, either shoot and sexual deviation in the
3:47 am
sense that people have to come together to create a page for people to come together. when we talk about the investment, for example, investment or energy investment is being our interest structure. like why that has invested in a structured, most opp, 15 positions when we have the adjusted for granted pressure. so we have to go not 7 places because they have taken decisive action the job. so of time it will go by the sure and we go, we measure the going from social protection to social studies. we need to give back to the people in the sense of control over their own lives. and we believe that yesterday that she was to demand, but also a collective, a collective action collectivity that should be the same. the people together, data driven, i'm a hood a, are you confident that the world can come together to solve problems that are,
3:48 am
that are me, let's face it mutual or we're, we're all in this together, the report talks about the world lurching from crisis to create crisis and, and creating layers of uncertainty. and how is all of that affecting people's general well being the mental health, what do we mean by an uncertainty complex? first of all, let me maybe look at the report and almost conger this image when i read it that basically saying we are all gone back to becoming developing countries, you know, and everyone is now, you know, every, every countries facing its own challenges. i think that you know, on your question, can we do something about it? yes, we were once in that situation. what did we do? what did we learn? what kind of leadership led the way for us to, to get out of that situation. all these things, these lessons, the stories,
3:49 am
you know, we need to capture, again to navigate this uncertainty. and we're talking about, you know, the answered the uncertainties and the complexity in the end. there are 4 elements very nicely described in the report which is looking from different elements from economics to the entropy seen and through the climate issues that we're facing and, and the individual level as well. so that issue around mental health is what i mentioned earlier than that in a people are subject to so much information and luis, you know, i love this report, but the one i that i would have added was information because there's so much information and this information that is really, you know, making people they are able to really focus and find a way out because you get paralyzed. and i, and i want to turn to the media, you it al jazeera of 250000000 viewers in the in 140 countries. what can media do now to help us? how do we get the stories out?
3:50 am
how do we have a shad narrative of a common world of a plan that we need to protect humanity that we need to put in the center? this is what we need to do. we are faced with a planetary catastrophe. we have no choice. we can give up, we need to push on, but it requires this transformation that is global, not at regional sub regional level. it's a global global issue. we all need to own and tackle together. and i think that all the speak that we've had on greening the column, me and green transition energy. all that speed has to stop. we have to see acts symbol out for the heart. but how a doctor barcode, i mean it, it's, it's one thing to say we have to, we have to take us, we have but how the will has to be there. the people have to tell their leadership and the people have to also an individual level change the way they behave. i mean, okay, well, if you put politics aside in the world to day,
3:51 am
there's more stuff than the weight of the people on the planet. so the consumption patterns of him as the behaviors on actually not even thinking twice when they're consuming energy the, the way we are putting up fossil fuel commissions and without thinking about the damage is being done. the way we skirt around the what climate emergency and go into. ringback to create, you know, treaties that would normally put, put through. so we, as individuals need to rise and see at our individual level, this is what we need to do. and this is what we also need to demand of you know, whether it's our government or business that you know, if, if people change the way they behave, lenders, we have a chance. i'm not saying that is going to solve everything, but we have a chance now of actually trying to find that solution. but if we go into a apathetic mode and we give up, then that's the end. and i think for me, but working at some reimbursed in the why we said that the pantry, how center is to tackle it through a revolution in education,
3:52 am
getting our students to understand the decisions they make when they how does university, when that work will have serious implications on the planet will have, will contribute to the pot complexity we're facing in the world today. and we need young people now to be educated in a way that, you know, shows value of being a, be a human being on this the, on the shared earth that we have charles procedure. is it possible to put politics aside we, we talked earlier about how issues of bad governance of, of, of held back development in, in africa for us as the, the report says, the recovery from the pandemic has been unable, or even a partial further widening inequality in in human development of what can you think of an exam to give us about this, this global divide that, that, that exists. access to cove at 19 a vaccines, for example, which, which has this, this political element to it, the vaccines of their available the world at
3:53 am
a great job in producing these vaccines to head off the pandemic. and yet not everyone can get them. yeah. i think there, the 1st fundamental issue is to be true to commitments across different people across different thick does across different groups, especially those in governance. i think there are moral issues here which need to be looked into. and we need to be able to look at these issues as global issues that would require global action. andy and me politics, isn't that plain? did there it we cannot just separate these issues from politics because is part today some decisions which are made in some places which will have implications in
3:54 am
other places. if we're talking about equality, the, our decisions we made by some individuals in power, which will impact on those individual, either individuals who cannot make the decisions. so the quality question comes at the center which also requires immoral reflection. it more discussion to, to move forward. we have been talking about preexisting inequalities, especially those which are driven by gender, driven by read driven by other considerations, which we need to put into perspective and come to terms we, if we are going to look for solutions, we need to look for collective solutions. where specific countries will definitely need assistance to improve on their governance credentials, but also to address some of the issues that require specific investment. and
3:55 am
the andy at the, i think the report says, we need to invest. we need to know bit because de crisis is getting complex. if we cannot be able to win a bit, if we cannot be able to invest as a collect to you, we are going to remain in the situation even getting less. philip has called her, i want to end the program on an on an optimistic note, but i'm going to start with a with a negative question before i ask you what, what some of the positive takeaways off from this report, dr. jim about my food saying that people needed demand action, all of the governments, but how can they, in some of the world's more authoritarian states? i mean that's, that's not exactly an option that's open to them. is it actually
3:56 am
in a way i'm to assessing all these, put it up for the right people together. i think that he's trying to make them in a report, but also one of the main messages to these idea that they support to start as well . i just want to say, let's have some nice landing of that report. i think they're investing in every context. how would the final, why do we need to to transition do it to him or sustain a pass for you? but i went to say, if i may international anita from santa me, 2030 agenda, which we always say that way to try to move from i d. 's. well,
3:57 am
let's try to work hard to turn them into instruments to ring them back together. and then that's your level we have, i realize that you may come to caribbean the last 2 years or super cycle. the depth of the number of elections and people have chosen to process the tensions through democrats. and i did the 1st time they were and i want to appeal to what you mentioned before. it's also free to beat everybody has in a way, a space to take a drug, you know, but thieves and i, you know, a sure it's about social innovations. have out everybody becoming a community and we must and i'm afraid we're out of time. thank you so much for being with us. luis, philippe lopez, caliber, dr. jimmy, my food and charles was sing, thanks to you for watching. don't forget you can see the program again. at any time, by visiting the website on al jazeera dot com for further discussion,
3:58 am
join us on our facebook page that's at facebook dot com forward slash ha inside story. and you can join the conversational twitter. i'll handle at a j inside story from me, avery and finnegan out of the team here. and though how, thanks for watching, we'll see you again, bye for now. walk to al jazeera. we ask, so the rebound you speak of is clearly coming at a high cost for airlines and the industry. what's going wrong? we listen, you were part of the arm struggling in the 19 seventy's if you have any regrets. you know, we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter on al jazeera, iraq, a nation where women's chastity is seen the central to its patriarchal item, but out of sight, human trafficking for prosecution is on the rise table and power talks,
3:59 am
the survivors and goes behind the scenes with a dedicated police squad working to bring the perpetrators to justice iraq human trafficking on a j 0. talk to al jazeera, we are school. so the rebound you speak of is clearly coming at a high cost of airlines and the industry, what's going wrong? we listen, you were part of the, i'm struggling in the $19.00 seventy's if you have any regrets. you know, we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that matter on al jazeera, the latest news, as it breaks. we've been speaking to the families and there's about 5000 people living in this block of government class who have been displaced from their homes by the us. they come from all over same province. we detailed coverage, elder zeros, legal teeth plans to submit a case where the international criminal court at the hey, from around the world that there is here in this country. a culture here when it
4:00 am
comes to y'all really are up here. which side is winning chaos or control? what does the new forever proxy war mean for america and nato? as long as americans keep consuming? prices are gonna keep going up. why didn't joe biden see inflation comic? how did we get so much raw? the quizzical look us politics, the bottom line. i care about healthy us engaging with the rest of the world. i cover foreign policy, national curity. this is a political em house here. the conflicts are we telling a good story? we're really interested in taking you in to a place that you might not visit otherwise and to actually feel as if you were there. ah lou.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on