Skip to main content

tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  November 28, 2022 10:30am-11:01am AST

10:30 am
and a facility for reception surrounding l. g new are now transforming the city for the future. i was here when it was desert and thing as what you can see like this. and the message that they want just to pass from my experience with people, was that, did they did the really that impressions and did whatever the novel cutter it become far, far different than what they were expecting at the end of the world cup elgin, oops, stadium. will down size, half of its $40000.00 seats will be removed and donated to a country in need of sports facilities. yet the hope is its imprint on this city will still loom large. natasha name l. jazeera, a walk rock cutter. ah, panel a thank you. through some of the headlines here now jazeera, now people and several cities across china have protested for a 3rd day against
10:31 am
a government strength coven, 19 measures. it's a rare display of public defiance against one of president she jenkins policies. kabibi sees as chinese police of arrest 7 assaulted, one of its journalists, and shanghai of lawrence was covering the demonstrations for the british broadcaster when he was tackled and detained by police. the bbc says he was released after several hours. chinese officials told the network lawrence was arrested to protect him from the virus to rockier, has resumed as strikes against kurdish fighters in northern syria and sunday jets bombed areas control by the y p g. a kurdish group linked to the p k. k for kia considers the p k k a terrorist organizational st. busy costello has more from kill us near the trickier syria border. everybody was expecting a ground operation last night and there are so many turkish media outlets positions themselves and gods been killing. of course,
10:32 am
these kinds of offensive offenses are also based on negotiations, but what everybody expects on the ground inside syria and among the people that we have spoken to. so far, this is imminent and an operation must be coming soon, according to the expectation. at least 4 people have been killed in an attack on a hotel in the somali capital market issue. the armed group i shall, bob is claimed. responsibility gunman, storm the villa rose hotel, which is close to the presidential palace and regularly used by government officials. several people have been rescued. at least 14 people have been killed in cameron's capital. the one day after a water longed embankment collapsed. authorities blamed heavy rain for the accident which took place while mormons were attending a funeral. ukrainian president ballade means that and ski says russia is planning more new style attacks. elderly people are being moved out of the song with no heating water or electricity,
10:33 am
or the same time city officials and give are working to restore power lines. damage rush in the tax place in mexico have dismantled the refugee camp. and then claudia is right next to the us border. the 600 migrants living there, mostly from venezuela. police use force to clear the area. some people refuse to move their headlines. the news continues after inside story spiraling costs dwindling supplies. the shock is being felt around the world with the war in ukraine triggering against the blowing uncertainty. europeans of bracing themselves for an unprecedented winter. just the reports on the human cost of the winter energy crisis. from truck drivers in chile and south korea to whale workers, our nurses in the u. k. industrial unrest is spreading across large areas of the world. a global cost of living crisis is missing workers to go on strike. so how
10:34 am
can governments respond and is this challenge too big for money? this isn't side story. ah, hello and welcome to the program. i'm getting abigail from asia and europe to latin america, raising cost of living are leading to global unrest. economies barely recovering from the pandemic are now facing more hardship. the war in ukraine, a climate crisis and the price of food and fuel have pushed several countries beyond their ability to cope. the un says the cost of living crisis is the worst the world has experienced so far, and the 21st century will get her guests in a moment. but 1st, this report, i am consumed. sharif farmers and truck drivers in peril are feeling the
10:35 am
impact of a war, nearly 12000 kilometers away. high fuel and fertilizer prices made worse by the war in ukraine have pushed them into calling an indefinite strike. 7 0, a lot of produce meant to be on local market shells isn't getting there. the yell of bundles, we'll put a campbell at them other. the government is already aware of our demands, such as the fuel issue of the reduction of tolls in the prohibition of entry into pedal vehicles with foreign merchandise and fuel smuggling, developing in neighboring chile. the situation is similar. $25000.00 tons of cherries do for exposure to china, stuck after striking travelers blocked access to a port did demanding a 30 percent reduction and diesel prizes and mo, security. when they are driving in a country when 95 percent of cargo,
10:36 am
including food and fuel is transported by truck, the strike is paralyzing trait. after nearly a week of talks, the government is becoming impatient is seasonal about lisa's gonna affect bundle of jamiracle bugs. we will not allow them to block the mobility routes of chileans in our country. in the fall, we will apply the laws full force actually as a whole is facing a delicate economic situation in this is not the time for this type of activity to interrupt the cause of our economy. o. in south korea, a strike is disrupting exports from vehicles to petrochemical us. a work stoppage in june led to disruptions and production valued at more than $1000000000.00. around the world workers at morning better p and working conditions. and for the 1st time in the u. k. nurses have called a strike in december. we haven't had a descent pay for over a decade now. and nurses what really hard not just nurses,
10:37 am
their natures are, we're all under pressure on. but more men of ones were kinda hurts off a really, really difficult. so it's not just about clap in for roster and a pandemic. i think we need to be respected and appreciated for what we do in many countries and global cost of living crisis is leading to undressed sierra loans. government imposed a curfew to stop protests in europe. and other places. violence has become common between protest as and police in sri lanka, and uprising that began in march ended with preston go to buy a raj buckshot and his cabinet members was signing in lebanon. a crippling political and financial crisis has led to bank. bings weighted. the un says the crisis is pushing an additional $71000000.00 people into poverty. and the few kill
10:38 am
solution. global protests lead these unlikely to continue consumption. he point side story. ah, let's bring in our gas. joining us from new york is jordan flowers. a lead organizer, the amazon labor union, and co founder of the congress of essential workers inches. okay. in japan said 0 tech and she's a professor at the university of she's ocho and a specialist in management and innovation. so anyways, from london and vicky price is the chief economic adviser at the center for economics and business research and visiting professor at kings college london. welcome to you all. thanks for your time with us on the side store. if you keep price in london, the scale of all these strikes is quite unprecedented from south korea to chile, to the u. s. to the u. k. where you are, i mean, how would you describe the scale of this unrest?
10:39 am
although no doubt said we haven't seen anything like it in the sense that there are now nurses also going on strike something we never assume to would happen with. we're seeing teachers voting to do so. we have a postal workers doing the same. and of course, the real industry has been affected by strikes for quite some time now, which are going to increase in terms of numbers of days which are lost in december . and they're now talking about continuing all this through the winter of 2023. we can just one more for you before i bring in my gas from new york in japan. i mean over in the u. k. there is, there is a comparison being made to of course, the infamous winter of discontent. that was back in the 19 seventy's when there was really a general sense of chaos that turn to political disaster effectively for, for the labor government. do you agree with that comparison? is that where things are heavy the same expression is used now again, i'm afraid winter of discontent, but we have had
10:40 am
a summer of discontent as well. so it's been lossing for quite some time. and the real worries that we don't seem to be getting nearer to any solution. and one of the interesting things, of course, about what's happening now, which is slightly different. what was the case before? is that in that winter of discontent in the seventy's, what we saw was that it was private sector workers who went on strike 1st and they were quite unionized at the time, particularly the automotive industry. and then he spread to other sectors. and what we're seeing here is, of course, now with that, with you in a nice ation. having declined in the private sector, whether unions are still strong, is in public sector. so mostly in public services. so whether is the re unions or the personal workers or others? and that seems to think, even though of course, the royal mail, where the strikes are post. postman not delivering letters is now privatized, but nevertheless, that united nation has stayed quite strong. so those are the areas where it's happening. most we not seeing anything like that. going on in the private sector to
10:41 am
present. ok, jordan flores over new york. why do you think the strikes are happening now? oh the see in a lot of ways we live, but the weight tenants was consecutively, maybe by the 63, you know, the family then, you know, they need to be the amazon is on the economy. so will all the sites you know, whole reason to go about to make a ton of money? you know, where does it mean that when you say amazon doesn't want to accommodate them? tell us from your experience, what you've seen personally, and i have lucas, the fridays they terminated me 3 times due to my health issue, no accommodations whatsoever. i recently another employee where cancer terminated. it's easy to find a disability. we're getting them gone on a regular work because they don't want to help with accommodations will be they rather than pay that and have were to stay out of work. the mother was working at
10:42 am
the warehouse all year around, you know, suffer a said 0 and japan. what are you seeing in your region? i mean, the focus in the past few days at least has been on south korea. the south korean president has warned that the government might actually have to break up a nationwide strike that's taking place by trucker is how unprecedented is the situation there? well, in japan, we're not seeing any of this. unfortunately, in korea, we're, as you just reported, we're seeing quite a very serious state basically because you know, korean co federation of trade unions are being extremely well, excessively strong in their demand. and vicky has put it unfortunately, i think this excessive left, this type of idea has been really been pumped in by the previous president,
10:43 am
mr. moon jane. and are, that's one of the reasons why i think this is really blown up. in addition to the marker economic environment that we're seeing, which is obviously, you know, fight over here many between china and the united states. therefore, truncation of our supply network also because of the crating me by russia. that's also putting the strain in the, you know, supply chain network that we have. and of course, you know, all the room to prices like oil are going up, particularly the inflationary fears. you know, that is basically ignited and, you know, making it very, very difficult for, you know, the individuals to live and in case of japan were about to experience this because it's also accommodated, bi weekly in the end. and we're probably one of the most valuable country in the world as far as introduction of energy is concerned. because 99.9 percent of all is imported. so you know, we are about to see this, this, this i say pressure. but in
10:44 am
a totally different way, and our method from that we're seeing from korea and when the president say, here are the south korean president that is, accuses the trucker is off holding the national supply chain hostage during an economic crisis. are these comments helpful? well, i think mr. young's comments are valid and it's true. i'm back in the seventy's in the u. k as well. i think you know what people are doing is shooting your own. but what you have to realize is that we're all in the same boat and you know, it's a japanese saying if you want to remedy your patient, don't kill it. you know, um, but that's what you know, k, c, p u is about to do. and i think, you know, the argument that's been displayed by the current president is totally valid
10:45 am
because that's exactly what these people are trying to do. shooting your own for the end of the day. a jordan, i'd like you to comment on what said 0. i had to say, perhaps not on the south korean situation itself because you speak to us from, from new york. but when all stories accused workers of using a situation and holding an industry hostage, what do you think of that? a holding the issue has to do because, you know, again, you know, you work with big corporate to take him over and work with the people on the front lines or, you know, they're on a daily basis. and you know, these will be held accountable where everything is going on. right? and, and, and do you believe that striking is the correct way to hold them accountable? what do you see in that? what have you seen that's worked from your end? and i will, your, it was there,
10:46 am
please pick the bigger marks in front of the warehouse talking to work is every day feeding the workers you know, actively engage in the work is that, you know, that that's what building a community is that you know that, that that, that, and sure a lot of work you know, has to be done, vicki, it sounds like each of these strikes and union demand taking place various countries across the world. they are kind of unique in their own ways. but there are some things that seem to tie them together as well. so there are some umbrella issues. what are the concrete changes that you can see that strikers seem to be demanding? oh, certainly. if you look at the u. k. may the interesting thing is that where the pressures are, as we discussed, the mainly public services. and what you've seen is that the public sector workers have lagged hugely behind since covey, but also earlier in terms of the increases and pay by comparison to the private sector. so what's going on right now in the u. k, of course we had a bounce back,
10:47 am
but we've also had very high inflation, which is over 11 percent. what you're finding is that private sector workers are getting pay rises on average. if you look here and year or something like 6 percent a little bit above that, which is of course not sufficient to cover for inflation for nevertheless, it's an increase of some sort. public sector workers are stuck at around 2 percent . so the gap is really important and what you find also is that there is a lot of resentment about this being the case. because of course, we were all relying on those public services to keep us going through coverage. and hence why i mentioned it. and we were applauding the nurses and so on because they were doing such a splendid job. what's happened now is that they feel they're not actually properly rewarded. they have lost down to bill times over a period of decades, not just the last couple of years. and that's really where the tension is. and the government, of course, is arguing that there isn't enough money in the public sector,
10:48 am
given that we have had to retrench quite significantly on the fiscal front and prove that we are fiscally prudent. and we've had a number of upheavals in the markets recently the u. k. that had to be remedied. so it's a very, very tight situation in terms of the ability of the government to respond to those demands. and a lot of concern is therefore there that we may not reach a proper agreement and for a while, and therefore we're going to have the disruptions continuing to some time. and just we're one more thing vicky on the, on the issue of public sentiment because according to one poll that i was reading, it found that 60 st generally support workers taking industrial action and 33 percent of people were opposed. this is according to this ball, but then interestingly, public opinion varies depending on the group that's going on, strikes over in the u. k. sympathy as high for nurses. you were just mentioning them a moment ago, but there is perhaps less understanding for railway workers and for a council staff that's according to recent pulling. why do you think that is?
10:49 am
i think right now is mainly because those new strikes are going to be happening around christmas. they haven't affect the people too much before because we'd now moved increasingly towards working from home. so when the reserve a strike people just at home and use the computer and do so, but not every one can do that. and as, as we know in a, you can't, not everyone can work from home. and those who provide essential services have to be out there doing so. so it depends what to which group you ask obviously, but right now it is because of christmas. we had lots of restrictions last year because we're concerned about a new variant of cove it and everyone was looking forward to having a proper christmas this year. so i think it's slightly tainted by the season. oh, because everyone wants to be able to gods and enjoy themselves. and i think that's why this probably a little bit of resentment in relation to the re work is but it isn't. it isn't overwhelming by any means. so there is still
10:50 am
a lot of sympathy around for that type of action and jordan over new york. what can you tell us about public sentiment there and whether the public supports strike action that's taken particularly in the run up to the christmas in the holiday period. the against the jones and he, darcy, are on it a big deal again, or what do you hope to achieve with this rally? debbie, you recognize, i mean, the one, the one the one the election be almost got sort of the case and i was top of the bargaining contract. you know, that amazon to go out to sit down with us. so all these values is going to be lead them to our bargaining contract. as st. tara, the bank of england worries that if workers in the u. k, when big pay rices, then their employer is willing to have to put up prices for customers. that then pushes up inflation, causing workers to request bigger pay raises, and it's
10:51 am
a sort of never ending cycle it. do you agree with that argument? well, you know, the nature of inflation in u. k and also in the u. s. is demand full type, meaning that, you know, of course, there's a shortage of personnel or there's a lot of demand for pay rise. whereas in case of japan, for example, it's cost push is quite different. that's one of the reasons why inflation rate is so much lower, i think, structurally speaking, you know, looking at economic conditions. obviously. i think, you know, the bank of england worry is i think spot on in the sense that, you know, it will cause the negative. you know, i should say, loop now that would, you know, exacerbate the current condition. also, it's also true that you know, all central banks are trying to basically fight off inflation. and at the same time, they have to juggle with the mounting amount of debt which had been accumulated
10:52 am
during the cove in $1000.00 crisis. at least bank of england has a lot more room compared to for example, banker, japan who cannot make any maneuverability in my opinion. so yes, i think, you know, central banks are, you know, having a bit of a headache because they're facing a very direct dilemma. so what they're thinking about in my condition, what does the government, let's look at japan for a moment. what does the government of japan do? well, japan baggage man really don't have the pocket as people say, because obviously if you look at her depth level, it's, you know, all the highest in the world. and also due to the fact that, you know, their current account has reached almost 600 trillion yen. meaning that if they do raise the rate they really would be shooting their own foot. so obviously they can't afford to, you know, raise rates even if we see, you know, inflation that is coming about. and eventually we will be, you know, getting affected right now. the inflation rate is very low in japan,
10:53 am
only 2 percentage. but you know, the weakening the yen along with, you know, very high, you know, accommodate prices will be hitting us. so, you know, the limited maneuverability by banks will be hurting, you know, we'll be seeing from early next year. a lot of problems that will be rising. i think vicki, the sheer number of strengths are taking place right now in the u. k. is that creating a sense of chaos for the government and is the public going to be turning their attention to the government? so long as this continues and this type of scale they will and they already are. and what we seeing is that your position is retained a very substantial lead in terms of the opinion polls over the conservative party. certain lay body seems to be doing quite well. although in any attempt to find out what they would be doing in terms of perhaps agreeing to higher pay rises, we just don't know what player by going to be able to do it once. and if they get
10:54 am
in power in the next election. so yes, i think it's going to be a very testing time for the government. and what we've got in the u. k. of course, is we, having interest rates going up at the same time as a tax increases happening and a tightening generally in both the monetary and fiscal stance and really disposable incomes falling at the highest rates ever. i know there are other countries that are similarly affected, but what we seen in europe, and i think that's going to be an increasing contrast, is that the european countries are not doing the same the same. so yes, interest rates are going up, but they're supporting quite significantly. there households a lot more that seems to be the case in the u. k. and i think that's probably going to be a focus of attention in the months ahead. jordan, what happens of these strikes are and the rally is that you're holding don't bring about the changes that you are demanding. thank you my, you know, we still be able to see at the front door. no,
10:55 am
we still want to be outside with all the workers, so we're going to, we're only going to be up in the usual with always even make sure that the protective will deliver or how do you think there strikes toward an effect. people who aren't striking, and for those who aren't paying attention to this situation, tell them why should they should be paying attention a livelihood, understand when the time of recession needed money, you got to be covey. but the same time, it's still your life and your livelihood data, you know, they're, they're leaving you commas, hours the leaving you data night. again, 10 to 12 hours. that penal amazon, amazon, the corporation with, with no type regulated rules that you know by the old rule book. so the table whenever they need to and that's what people need start seeing. because you know that this would affect the saudi bible to keep a job. and, you know, that's, you know, a serious issue as st 0 who is in
10:56 am
a stronger position here. would you say the worker is, i'm not, i'm coming off the back of jordan. he's speaking about amazon, but i'm just talking in generalities. and what we see globally, so our workers or employer is in a stronger position here because some people say, well, workers are in a strong position because unemployment is now relatively low in some countries. absolutely, absolutely. again, you know, countries which is suffering from demand pul, situation in this inflationary fear. definitely, i think the workers have a kind of an upper hand, i would say, certainly not, you know, countries are sure and which is, again suffering from, you know, cost push inflation. so i think it different can serve in also, you know, depending on the structure of the authorities. for example, in case of korea, which we 1st talked about. i mean, again, you know, their trade union has been pumped up with the very much of a leftist kind of idealism and which makes it very difficult for people to convince
10:57 am
them to come into negotiations for example. but, you know, in case of us, that's a totally different ball game here. so, you know, i think it's, it's dangerous almost to basically give a conclusion. it depends really, depending on the macro background of each each and every country. right. ok, well let's just finish off on south korea then. how do you think it's going to end up or play out? well, i think this is going to be a very negative issue because it's very difficult to change. any ology in mind. you know, that has been said during the days of, you know, mr. jane was, she has been again exacerbated to an accessory left, this idea, which in my opinion, is a danger to the capitalist idea, which is what you know kirk is about. so i think, you know, this is going to end up unfortunately in a very negative connotation. possibly similar to you know,
10:58 am
what happened to the united kingdom and late seventies and early eighties. ok on that now or leave it there. thank you so much. jordan flower, a stage or a tech a she time vicky price. thanks for joining us. thank you for watching. you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al jazeera dot com for further discussion. you can go to our facebook page at facebook dot com forward slash ha inside story during the conversation on twitter, or handle as a inside story for myself and the whole team here. and how, thanks for watching and bye bye for now. ah opened in time for the wells cup. this new part of ham and international airport has been designed to offer often tired and stressed out passengers a different travel experience surrounding the tropical garden of 65 new shops and
10:59 am
restaurants. passage a capacity has increased by nearly 50 percent. this though, although hot waterfront will be given a new bro bye replacing the power with this temporary gallery, gives a peek into the design of the new museum in the brand new city blue sail cutters. national libraries, hoping for more visitors during the world cup. when they come here, realize how we care about language. there are more than a 1000000 books here during the final therapy, special events related to the world cup. the world cup is about more than sports. it's reflecting and transforming the culture of an entire country. hm . with there are some of the media stories of critical look at the global news media
11:00 am
spread on al jazeera government, shutoff access to social media. and you series, exploring how traditional knowledge from indigenous community is helping tackle today's environmental catastrophe. we journey across new mexico and meet those will fight to protect their culture and raise awareness of the impacts of climate change and pollution on thursday. could land 1st nations frontline needs of nation voices of survival on o g 0? what we do it al jazeera is tried to balance this story, the people who allow us into their lives, dignity and humanity the day.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on