tv BBC World News BBC America May 21, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT
and it looks like he's craving italian. there are lots of fiat cars to choose from, like the four-door 500l... which is surprisingly big. [godzilla choking] check out the whole fiat family at fiatusa.com/godzilla hello. you're watching "gmt" on bbc news. i'm tim willcox. our top stories. more terror in nigeria. more than 120 people die in twin blasts in t central town of jos. there's been another fatal attack today close to where the schoolgirls were abducted. after a decade of hard bargaining, russia finally signs a hugely significant gas supply deal with china. meanwhile, britain's prince charles lands himself in a diplomatic row after apparently comparing russia to the nazis. also in the program, aaron is here. the world's biggest pc maker has
big ambitions to be in the smartphone world. >> china's lenova. they now want to sell more than 100 million smartphones. we're going to ask whether catching up with apple and samsung is a challenge too far. hello. it is midday in london. 7:00 a.m. in washington. 12:00 noon in jos in nigeria where the country is reeling from yet more terror attacks. the bodies of nearly 120 people have been recovered after twin bombings in the city on tuesday. it's feared that number will rise. and in the last few hours, there have been reports of another attack. this time in the village of alagarno in borno state. close to where more than 200 schoolgirls were abducted six
weeks ago. no group has admitted being behind the recent violence, but the finger of suspicion is being pointed once again at the islamist group boko haram. boko haram activity has been so intense that three states in nigeria are under emergency rule. borno, yobe and sdamawa. jos is not in any of those states. it's farther down in central nigeria. will ross reports on the spreading violence. >> reporter: this area was packed with people. many of the victims were traders selling from the market stalls and their customers. the aim was clearly to kill as many people as possible. just minutes after the first blast, the second bomb was detonated.
as victims were being taken to the nearby hospital. body parts were strewn across the area. there was panic as the emergency services tried to help the dozens of injured. many had open wounds, fractures and burns. >> i went to get something. then i saw the explosion. the number of people i saw. there were pieces. they were cutters. the cutters was taking them out. we saw the explosion. we run. we left there. >> reporter: although it's not known who carried out the attack, the islamist extremist group known as boko haram has targeted jos city before, bombing churches in what was then seen as an effort to foment religious violence. for more than a decade the middle belt of nigeria has been the scene of frequent outbreaks of violence. they're often described as religious clashes. but they're in fact rooted in competition for land, resources and political power. the twin bombings followed blasts in the capital abuja as well as the northern city of
kano. the islamist extremists are still holding more than 200 schoolgirls they abducted over five weeks ago. at a recent summit, several western countries pledged to help the nigerian government find the girls. >> it's operating clearly as an al qaeda organization. can best be described as al qaeda in west and central africa. we'll work together to make sure that we rout out these terrorists. >> reporter: but the violence appears to be out of control with frequent bombings and incessant attacks in the northeast. where large areas appear virtually off limits to the nigerian military. will ross, bbc news, nigeria. >> let's get more on this with editor of bbc mansura liman. is there a sense that these groups -- we don't know if boko haram is behind the latest attacks. but these groups are acting now with impunity? >> indeed. i mean, at the moment there's no group that has taken responsibility for this attack.
but all fingers point to the islamist group boko haram. i think it does look like, i think, they are operating, i think, with impunity. and they are showing that i think they can actually attack anywhere they want to attack in nigeria. because we've seen an attack in kano which is not in the part of northeast. now the attack yesterday in jos. the twin bombings in jos yesterday. >> what about the attack today in alagarno, which is close to where the schoolgirls were abducted? isn't that area now saturated with nigerian forces and surveillance planes trying to track down this group? >> well, one would think that that area is, i mean, supposed to be saturated with military there, because it is an area which is under state of emergency. it is one of the three states that are under state of emergency in nigeria. it's close to the town of chibok where over 200 girls were abducted by boko haram six weeks ago. so one would obviously think
that there are military in that area. but according to the report that we had, the insurgents went into the village of alagarno around 11:00. they spent over four hours razing down -- burning houses. they killed 17 people in there. so obviously it does look like there's no military, despite the fact that that area is supposed to be under a state of emergency. >> okay. thank you very much, indeed. i think you've just arrived. there were fears that many more people would have been caught up in this violence as the rescue services were going through the rubble following those bombs yesterday. what is the latest? >> the latest is that the emergency officials told me that four more people have died. more have sustained injuries. that means the death toll has risen to 122 from 118.
the scene of the blast, the devastation is so huge, you can see the buildings there have been brought down to rubble. i'm assuming these were destroyed by the blasts. >> what about the nature of the attack? no group has said it was behind it yet. but was this -- was this a drive-by attack? was a car bomb involved, which would suggest it was carried out by boko haram? >> well, actually, no one has claimed responsibility. no one has claimed that they carried out the attack. but the finger is being pointed at boko haram. boko haram had just previously in 2012, several were killed in a bomb blast in jos city claimed by boko haram. many people are saying boko
haram is another -- i mean, again. >> i think we can speak now to uma farouk mufa. he is spokesman for the society for the support of islam. a brother group for the muslim community in nigeria. the aim, it would appear, is to try and create even more sectarian strife between muslims and christians. is that actually happening now? >> well, there are reports from across -- that some people have -- we can say that it's actually the idea. >> and what sort of level of security is there on the ground? i don't think your state is under a state of emergency.
but are you seeing the presence of troops on the ground? and do people feel that they're being let down by the security services? >> yes, of course. everywhere you go now in jos, especially the scene of the accident. >> briefly, i mean, what do people like you do in a situation like this to try and calm -- calm tensions? >> what we do normally when a situation like this comes into place, we normally go around with a -- we deploy a number of personnel to go around. to calm them down. to let them understand, let's allow the authority to take over control. which is what we are doing. >> all right. umar farouk mufa, thank you very much indeed for joining us on "gmt." after ten years of hard
bargenibar barga bargaining, russia and china have sign add long awaited gas supply agreement. there have been no details yet about the cost of the deal which is hugely significant politically and economically. it's been unofficially valued at $400 billion. russia is heavily reliant on exporting its oil and gas, currently 80% of sales from energy giant gazprom are to the eu. however, tensions with europe over the crisis in ukraine has the eu looking to end its reliance on russian gas. it's believed this deal will seek gazprom supply in china with 38 billion cubic meters of gas over the next 30 years via a new eastern pipeline linking the two countries. we're joined now from shanghai. it's the last day of president putin's trip. some were suggesting this deal might not be signed. do we know any more information about what it involves, john?
>> reporter: we don't have very much more detail. i'm talking to you just a few meters from where asian leaders have been meeting at a security summit. there was great expectation before this summit that this deal was going to be signed. no mention of it at all by either president xi or president putin. many people thinking that perhaps this on again, off again deal was very much off again. suddenly as the conference ended, this news that it has been signed. but what we don't know is whether this is a deal that has, you know, dotted the is and crossed the ts on every single last detail. the detail of price, for example, crucial to the disagreements over the past. details on payments up front by china and who will fund the infrastructure cost for the new pipeline. very difficult to say at the moment. but if it is the real deal, then it's very significant, indeed. something like 400 billion u.s. dollars of gas over a 30-year
period. >> and presumably china completely aware of the problems president putin is having vis-a-vis europe and the international community regarding ukraine at the moment. and perhaps looking for some leverage there on that pricing and, indeed, other factors as well? >> reporter: that's right. there's been speculation that maybe after all that anticipation, the delay over the last two days was because beijing was driving that hard bargain, if you like. i think, you know, if it does turn out to have been all completely signed off, and this is a full package of measures, then it will be seen, if you like, as underlining the sense that there is this closer growing political economic friendship between moscow and beijing. in part because of russia's increasing economic and diplomatic isolation in europe. if, however, this turns out to have fallen short and whether it's a more broad agreement,
partly born out of political necessity because they need to show that things are being done, then perhaps some observers will suggest it shows some of those old tensions remain and that china is still willing to play quite a tough hand when it comes to its dealings with russia. >> john sudworth in shanghai. thank you very much. what do you make of it? >> it's a landmark deal. the sides have been at it for a very long time trying to find an acceptable formula. they finally made it. i think it would have been something of an embarrassment, in fact, if it hadn't happened this time. there had been some rumors maybe gazprom would no longer have been in charge of negotiations if this continued. russians are mightily relieved i think. >> basically it's a lifeline for president putin in terms of his battle with the west over ukraine and crimea. is it going to affect, though,
the actual gas supplies are we talking about different fields than the fields that supply europe. >> we're talking about different fields. the russians are going to develop a significant field in east siberia, that its gas wasn't going to go to china. it wasn't going to go anywhere at all. it would be stranded gas. the supply that come to western europe is largely from west siberia. i see no reason why russia won't continue to supply the western european market. it's a very, very important, highly developed market. it's logical for them to want to use gas resources in both parts of the country and supply different markets. >> but the time frame for the chinese deal, once we know the details, what are we talking about in terms of months or years? >> this will take about five years to bring on stream. this is a very, very long pipeline. it's a field that's got to be developed. there's no gas flowing from there at the moment. so it'll be part of a general gasification scheme of the east siberian region.
very significant investment requi required. >> what are the technicalities in terms of taxation, mineral levies and things like that which would have been thrown into the pot during the negotiations? >> at the moment we don't know the details. it seems certainly russian media have been reports president putin is ready to cancel the mineral extraction tax in russia. in other words, to put a sweetener into the deal. the chinese from their side might be prepared to do things such as provide finance for this deal. also possibly provide downstream -- or gazprom to the chinese market. >> could we be looking at something which is effectively a loss leader in the early days for gazprom to actually -- to win this 30-year deal? >> i don't think it will be a loss leader. i suspect the chinese have driven a very, very hard bargain here. but at the end of the day, to pay for this pipeline and to keep gazprom afloat, i don't believe it's going to be subsidizing a chinese consumer. >> for china wanting to take this gas now, is this an indication that they want to move away from coal fired power plants that perhaps they've been doing in recent years?
>> yes, it is. it's part of that policy which is to reduce consumption of coal. they're bringing gas from australia, east africa. it plays into the mix. it's much needed by china. >> thank you iffor joining us. you're watching bbc news. other main headlines. authorities in pakistan say 16 militants have been killed after fighter jets bombed insurgency positions in the north of the country. senior officials in miran shah say the targets were militant hide outs in the tribal regions of north waziristan adding important commanders have been killed. five men have been found guilty of murdering the russian journalist anna powe lit skaya.
the french train of rater sncf has discovered that hundreds of new trains they've ordered at huge expense are too wide for many regional platforms. the embarrassing blunder has cost the rail operator almost $70 million. those costs are likely to rise. construction work has begun on altering hundreds of platforms throughout france. stay with us here on bbc world news. still to come, what's next for thailand after a meeting to resolve the political crisis fails?
the meeting after tuesday's declaration of martial law has called another meeting for thursday. let's get the latest from the bbc's jonah fisher who joins us from the army club in bangkok where the talks have been taking place. was there any ground made at all, jonah? >> reporter: well, at the moment, what we know from that meeting has come from the army. and they're the ones who summoned everyone to attend. they're keen to put a positive spin on what took place in the building behind me. they said there was a very friendly atmosphere between the various political groups and factions here. remember, we had present in the same room the anti-government faction that we've seen demonstrating on the streets of bangkok over the last several months and the pro-government demonstrators, the red shirts, who at the moment are camped outside bangkok. the leaders of the two main political parties here as well as representatives from the caretaker government. in some ways it was an achievement to get them all in the same room for a couple of hours to hold those discussions. and as i said, the army are keen
to say everyone wanting to do the right thing by thailand, they said. basically what happens is they will be back again tomorrow at 1:30 to try again. it will not be easy to bridge the political divide between the various groups here. built up over not just the last few months, but several years. it's going to be quite a challenge for the army to try and knock heads together and come to some sort of compromise. >> what has the reaction been like on the streets to the imposition of the martial law? >> reporter: well, for the most part, almost indifference. if you walk around the center of bangkok, you wouldn't really know there is any sort of martial law. there are not more soldiers present on the streets or on the street corners. there aren't any more check points in most areas of bangkok. there is more soldiers around the protest camps, the red shirt camp this morning where i was at has got quite a significant military presence, checkpoints around that. also that the pdrc camp, the
anti-government camp, those also have military around there. for the most part you don't feel the martial law in terms of soldiers on the streets. i think many thai people are hopeful that this, however shocking they found the imposition of martial law, might somehow mark the beginning of a process which brings this political crisis to end. it's been six or seven months. at times it's brought bangkok almost to a complete standstill. i think many people are just hoping that the intervention of the army, the fact there is now someone involved as a mediator, if you like, might be the start of a process which ends up with some sort of compromise, some sort of resolution, and life politically, at least, can return to some sort of normality. >> jonah fisher live in bangkok. thank you very much, indeed. prince charles has criticized president putin, appears to draw a comparison between russia and its actions in ukraine and germany under the nazis.
he said it apparently while on a visit to canada. let's go to our correspondent from outside clarence house. the prince's residence in london. dan, it's pretty important to know exactly what prince charles said. do we know that? >> reporter: quite simply, no, we don't. officials here at clarence house say they will not comment on private conversations. that is key here. this was meant to be a private conversation. the prince of wales is on a world tour of canada. he's in nova scotia. and it was there at a visit to a museum that he had a conversation with a volunteer there. marien marien marienne ferguson. who told him of her experiences of fleeing the nazi organization.
he said something along the lines of now putin is doing just about the same as hitler. but the exact words we're not clear about at the moment. to explain to you very briefly here, the noise you may hear in the background, that is changing the guard at buckingham palace which is just a short distance from us here. it just looks like you all are actually hearing that music in the background. quite a popular area for tourists at the moment as you can imagine. >> going back to this conversation -- it's a very good backdrop. we're enjoying it, actually, daniel. just explain why this is controversial. bearing in mind the -- the tradition that no prettyish member of royalty would ever involve him or herself in anything remotely controversial politically. >> reporter: well, that's right. i mean, prince charles has in the past spoken very publicly about issues that he has strong opinions on. for example, the environment and
architecture. there is always the public debate there as to whether that's appropriate and what sort of areas the future king, the heir to the thrown, should speak about publicly. this, of course, is different because it was meant to be a private conversation. but on a royal visit such as this, conversations like that are overheard. also reporters after visits are over will talk to members of the public who have met members of the royal family and will say, what was said? what was the conversation about? and if a member of the public decides that they are going to divulge that to the press, quite apart from any rules of royal protocol, they can do that. that appears to have been the case here. so a conversation which was private seems to have become public. and that has led to this whole broader discussion, again, of what exactly the heir to the throne can speak about. >> prince charles due to meet president putin for the d-day commemorations in france in june, so next month.
you're watching "gmt." stay with us. still to come in the next half, we'll be speaking to another member of the royal family. the crown prince of serbia. about what international aid is needed to help the country and its neighbor, bosnia, as they try to recover from devastating floods. more than 40 people have been killed. the worst flooding in more than a century. [ male announcer ] some come here to build something smarter. ♪ some come here to build something stronger. others come to build something faster... something safer...
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bbc world news. i'm tim willcox. coming up in this half hour, as bosnia and serbia continue its massive clear up after the devastating floods, we speak to serbia's crown prince about what more international help is needed. ♪ who actually wrote this? lawyers for another band take steps to claim copyrights from
led zeppelin. also on the program, aaron is back. time for the new boss of burrbury to prove himself. >> the new ceo, burrbury profits, yes, they're up. the luxury retailer is struggling with falling sales in china and a strengthening british pound. we're going to have a look at all the challenges that lay ahead. hello. welcome back to "gmt." there have been further promises of international assistance of bosnia and serbia as the two countries continue to clear up after those devastating floods. the two countries are observing a period of national mourning for more than 40 people killed in the worst flooding there for more than a century. volunteer and army teams are struggling to dispose of tens of thousands of dead animals,
starting to rot now in rising temperatur temperatures. in a moment we hope to be speaking to serbia's crown prince about the disaster. first, the bbc reports from a farm just outside belgrade. >> reporter: the cleanup operation has begun. this place might look like it's paddy fields here. actually, it's a chicken farm. they've got completely inundated during the floods which swept through this area. it's about 15 kilometers outside of one of the worst hit places. chickens didn't survive. we can see some of them coming through on this digger here to be disposed of. there were about 40,000 animals here. if they're not disposed of, they'll be a real risk to animal and public health. the man in charge of the clearup is ivan. what's the scale of the problem you've got overall, ivan? >> problem with more than 40,000 chickens. more than 80,000 kilos of animal
waste. more than 40,000 -- take care of all of them. >> we can see the digger there and the disposal lorry behind you. this will take off dead animals to be incinerated. what happens if you don't do that? >> you have a problem with -- [ indecipherable ] >> reporter: there's a big cleanup job to be done. the fields themselves need to be decon takocon decontaminated, too. as the temperature rises, it does mean there's a greater risk of disease spreading. everybody knowses the operation of cleanup has to be quick and
efficient. >> reporting there. we're having a few technical problems trying to get through to crown prince of serbia, alexander. saudi arabia's acting health minister has told the bbc the country needs to do more to deal with the mysterious middle east respiratory syndrome virus known as mers. the minister has only been in the job for a month after his predecessor was sacked over the handling of the crisis. there have been more than 600 cases of the virus which has spread to 14 countries and led to more than 170 deaths. despite a sharp rise in the number of people infected since april, the minister says there is no need to panic. the bbc's global health reporter has more from the united nations in geneva where the world health assembly has been meeting. >> reporter: health ministers and officials from 194 member states are meeting here at the u.n. to discuss what should be the key priority, health
priorities, over the coming year. at the moment we've got a representative from togo talking about climate change and its impact on health. also middle east respiratory syndrome, a flu-like virus which has killed almost 200 people in the last two years alone. most in saudi arabia and most in the last month or so. earlier i spoke to saudi's acting health minister and asked him why there's been this sudden rise in cases. >> we've had more excessive measures in defining the cases more rigorously. following up the reporting mechanisms in a more strict manner. i would expect part of that is due to the fact that an increase in cases, the other is partly because of the way in which we have been catching information more accurately. >> the -- saudi arabia has been too slow to deal with this, that it hasn't been getting
information about this virus out there quick enough? >> certainly we have committed to absolute transparency. every case is being now followed. once it is reported, we follow up this case and report the case. whether it has recovered or there is a death, god forbid. all of this is being reported day by day. all of this information now is being actually transparently shared with both experts and interested scientists. >> we're two years into this now. why hasn't all this happened sooner? >> well, i -- i cannot actually judge about what was going on exactly. as i told you, i was appointed about a month ago. i know that there was lots of efforts being exerted at different degrees. i for sure now have -- from the king to do everything needed to -- to ensure that whatever
has not been done is being done. >> we have hundreds of thousands of people will descend on mecca. how worried are you about this virus spreading then when lots of people are crammed together. >> the consensus, medical advisers and experts from the w.h.o. and others is that we -- there is no reason to be -- to be worried too much about the hajj has such. however, we have communicated as well to countries that elderly people and those with compromised immunity situations and pregnant women and those who can are probably advised to defer for this year. >> right.
aaron is here. lenovo, expanding it further. >> already the biggest maker of pcs in the world. it's eyeing the smartphone. no surprises as well. i'll explain. thanks very much, tim. hello there. yes, selling more mobiles. that's exactly what the lenovo group wants to do. the world's largest maker of pcs, personal computers, is kind of muscling into the smartphone market just months after it acquired motorola mobility. not too long ago, today, in fact, the group chief executive said the company plans to sell 100 million phones, smartphones, in the coming year. let's take a look because that's double what we saw this year. all based on full year results which were released certainly this morning. the company sold, if we take a look at what it sold last year, it sold 50 million smartphones. that helped lenovo report record revenues. look at that. all the money it raked in. $38.7 billion. that's up 14%. and on top of all of that
impressive leap in full year earnings of 29% profit. not bad at all. now, i don't know if you can see this. if i've got props in the studio, what does that mean? it means i've got the man in the house. our tech correspondent. come in here, mate. good to have you with us as always. let me start with this. let me start with pc sales. lenovo sold 55 million last year at a time when pc sales are falling around the world. that's pretty good. >> here's the story. it's the rise of -- to fame of the world -- what is now the world's biggest pc maker. you ask a lot of people that use pcs, what's the biggest maker in the world? they'd probably -- a quarter of them wouldn't have heard of lenovo. nearly ten years ago now it bought ibm's personal computer business. think pad. a lot of people see the word think pad and think ibm. it's been a lenovo brand for many years. a successful brand for them.
they're still looking to the future. they've got the number one spot in pcs just as the pc market begins to go in decline. but they're still growing. >> put that down right here. this is not a lenovo product. here's the thing. lenovo also saw kpin ecombined smartphones and tablets, it sold more than pcs. no surprise. >> here's what we've got. this incredibly competitive smartphone market. it is the business to be in here. you've got apple. you've got android. this is a samsung, android. and you've got windows. the windows phone system. microsoft bought nokia. they are all fighting really hard for what are increasingly scarce profits in that area, too. incomes charges lenovo, already in about fourth spot in smartphone shipment. chinese companies, though, very competitive in the area. i think lenovo's big challenge won't come necessarily from the existing players. of course, they'll be fighting
hard for their space. p other chinese makers. huawei. we can give you smartphones, but you won't have to pay too much for them. >> that's the point. lenovo sales so far of smartphones, mostly in china, other areas in asia, eastern europe. what is their product like? can they crack the west. >> their product is pretty good. these things are beginning to look very similar. you pick up a smartphone these days. you'll find it very difficult if you're not particularly -- to find the difference between a samsung android and lenovo android or htc android and so on. what lenovo has to o do is two things. "a," compete on price. that may not be too difficult. "b," it's got to make sure that that brand is recognized and valued by consumers outside china. that's the big task. >> that's the task. okay. listen, you can keep those. you know where you're going. you go that way. i'm going to keep the think pad.
thanks, rory. our tech guru joining us there. let's switch gears altogether now. let's talk about this luxury retailer beurberry. the 158-year-old business continues to fret about exchange rate fluctuations. this is the british pound. continues to strengthen against other -- basically other currencies that it sells in around the world. a slowdown in chinese sales. also the loss of the pioneer chief executive, angela arant, could prove difficult to overcome. berberry's chief executive and creative director, christopher bailey, officially took over the top job on the 1st of may. says he is focused now on growth in japan and berberry's range of cosmetics. earlier we explaineded what berberry could do to overcome all those challenges ahead. >> when you think about where the growth is in the world, you don't typically think about
japan. you really think about china. 40% of berberry sales are in asia. a good bulk of that in china. they're obviously looking to maintain that growth. but the switch to japan may be something relating to some of the -- what some of their competitors have said. louis vuitton. they've been talking about anti-corruption charges as well as changing tastes in china. perhaps dampening the consumer environment there and perhaps burberry just looking to get ahead of the game. it hasn't affected their results yet. perhaps they're expecting it will do going forward. it's not unusual for a fashion retailer to have a complementary perfume types setup on the side cosmetics. it might be part of their overall strategy which they are very good at in burberry of kind of creating an aura around the brand. they're good in that disal marketing. they kind of focus on their
britishness in asia. i think it's just creating that kind of overall branding that actually these sales may end up supporting the retail sales as well. >> there you go. let's touch on some of the other big business stories making headlines all around the world. the u.s. senate is set to confirm the appointment of world renowned -- there he is right there. economist stanley fischer to the federal reserve. we're expecting that today. former bank of israel governor will become janet yellen's number two on the committee. of course, that's the cost of borrowing in the world's biggest economy. during his long academic career the 70-year-old taught former fed chief ben bernanke and the current european central bank boss, mario draghi. taiwan's vice economic minister is hanoi to ask for compensation from the vietnamese government for taiwanese government hit by recent anti-china protests. hundreds of foreign owned businesses were attacked. some even set alight. the violence came after china chose to send a deep water oil drilling rig into contested waters in the south china sea.
how about this one? the singer, taylor swift. she's being sued for breaking trademark rules. the country star claims 13 is her lucky number. it proved more unlucky when she started using it her clothing line. the california clothing company blue sphere says we registered that lucky 13 trademark two decades ago and is asking for damages and to prevent ms. swift from using the term on her merchandise. what's wrong with number 12? follow me on twitter. @bbcaaron. that's it for business. now, you're watching "gmt." in a moment, why one of the world's best known rock songs might not be quite what you thought. captain: this is a tip. bellman: thanks, captain obvious. captain: and here's a tip. when you save money on hotel rooms, it's just like saving money on anything else that costs money. like shoes, textiles, foreign investments,
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welcome back to "gmt." i'm tim willcox. our main stories this hour. twin bombings hit the nigerian city of jos killing more than 100 people. another 17 have been killed today in alagarno in the northeast of the country. china and russia agree a huge gas contract in shanghai after a decade of talks on the multibillion dollar deal. let's return now to those floods in bosnia and serbia, killing some 40 people. and both countries are acquiring huge international help. we can speak now to the crown prince of serbia, alexander. he joins us on the phone from belgrade. you have been out visiting some of the worst affected areas. just describe how bad it is. >> it's very bad. my wife and i have been out.
and we delivered aid. we noticed many houses have been destroyed. there's so many refugees. there's about 35,000 to 40,000 have been evacuated to stadiums, to dormitories of students. and the floods were quite shocking. we could see the damage, bridges destroyed. roads have been sort of made impassable. landslides. and the fear of an epidemic because the weather is warming up now. >> what sort of international aid is getting through? and how much more is needed? >> well, we're very grateful for international aid. but this is going to be long term. so much more is needed. specifically, medicines are needed. food is needed. assistance bringing pumps to clear the areas. baby food. also sorts of things that you can imagine to help the
hospitals. water is needed. disinfectants are needed. everything. it's quite devastating. >> some people are comparing the devastation to the war in the '90s. did it bring back any memories for you of that? >> i think it brought back the tragedy of people hurting, the people being swamped by the natural disaster. waves of water coming down. sandbags being filled. of course, this is not a war, it's a natural disaster. so it's different. thank goodness we have peace now. but now we definitely need the international community to help. my wife has a foundation. she worked very hard. lifelineaid.org. we're glad to direct any help that people are willing to send. >> yeah. but just on that point, your highness, i was just looking at the figures involved. when you and your wife were visiting in the past 48 hours or so, if you don't mind me saying
so, the amounts that you were bringing in in terms of relief and money being raised was pretty small, wasn't it? >> yes. >> a few thousand dollars. no more than that. >> well, my wife's charity has given over 50,000 euroses. that's about $60,000. of course, we're not a country. we're a small territory. we've been helping for many years. formed in 1993. it's a -- >> in other words, the international community needs to stump up some really big sums, given the scale of this crisis. >> you're absolutely right. this requires tremendous coordination and communication. at the moment, everybody is swamped. for example, a town was completely washed out and evacuated. it's a shock for everybody including the government down from the prime minister and so on. i think it's bulling itself together. but this is a long term thing. the infrastructure is greatly damaged.
so it's going to be a long-term plan. >> okay. best of luck with the fundraising. >> you're very kind. >> indeed, all the international efforts. >> thank you very much. >> thank you for joining us on "gmt." something quite different now. for many, it is one of the greatest rock songs of all time, led zeppelin's "stairway to leaven." mo it's claimed the famous opening guitar was copied from a song written by the los angeles based psychedelic band spirit in 1968. le let's just be the judge. let's listen to the led zeppelin track first. ♪ >> we all know that one. but what about this one by a song by spirit.
♪ >> well, for spirit's guitarist, the late randy california, say he should be given a credit on that song. which has earned record sales of more than $560 million. led zeppelin saying they won't comment on the allegations. let's talk to matt everett from bbc 6 music. it's the same key, isn't it? >> well, it's the start of the song. it does sound very, very similar. one of the key things that people are talking about is the fact that led zeppelin has supported spirit on stage in 1968 when they were playing that song. that song was around. so it's very possible that jimmy
page, the guitarist, would have heard that and maybe been inspired to use chords sounding like that. it's not exactly the same. quite as i think from an artistic point of view, what happens after that song? in taurus by spirit it's instrumental tracking. a lovely little tune. "stairway to heaven" goes on to become this iconically enormo enormously famous track. >> who's heard of spirit 40 years later. it goes right to the heart of how do you prove copyright? if you've got something almost subliminally in your head because you've been hearing something similar, what is allowable legally and when does it become an infringement of copyright? >> it's a very, very, very gray area. as you say, people are just influenced by things subconsciously. whether there's eight or nine notes in a sequential order that sounds like something else. there have been many cases where
royalties have gone -- simply had a hook in it that was lifted from a cover of a rolling stones song. they lost all the publishing rights to that song. other times, with led zeppelin, for instance, they've got a track record with -- >> they've been close before. have they settled on those? >> they have been settled. jimmy page's big influences are the blues. songs have been interpreted by led zeppelin or heavily influenced by. over the years estates of the artists have got in touch with the led zeppelin estate and credits have been changed and royalties have been diverted. in the past when the band agrees it's obvious, it's not copied but certainly heavily inspired by, they have redirected royalties. whether going after the most famous rock 'n' roll song in the history of rock 'n' roll because the opening chords sound a bit the same, at the time, coincidentally, when led
zeppelin released the new catalog, feels a bit opportune to me personally. >> whoever wrote it, it's a great riff. >> absolutely. you're watching "gmt." a very quick reminder of our main story. tensions high in nigeria following another deadly attack in the northeast where at least 17 people have been killed. yesterday twin bombings in the city of jos leaving 120 dead. instead of hanging out on the couch, you could be hanging ten. what are you waiting for? (vo) get up to 40% off hotels this memorial day at travelocity. plus, enter promo code memorial50
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