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tv   Reporters  BBC News  December 19, 2016 12:30am-1:01am GMT

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leila de lima says she fears for her life but says she will not be silenced. the evacuation of people trapped in the rebel—held east of the syrian city of aleppo has resumed. reports say about 350 people on board have been able to leave. and this story is trending on ceremonies have taken taken place in the nepalese capital kathmandu to mark the death of the last king of the isolated himalayan region of upper mustang. king bista died on friday aged 86. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. the hungarian—born actress and socialite zsa zsa gabor has died. her age was a closely guarded secret but she was thought to have been 99. she made more than 60 films but became better known for her husbands who by her own
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reckoning numbered eight—and—a—half. she didn't really count a spanish duke, who she left after a few hours. this report from nick higham contains some flashing images. zsa zsa gabor may have been a great beauty but she was never a great actress. it's dangerous for you to come here. i must take that risk and so come here. i must take that risk and so must you. her screen career was undistinguished, although it did include camp classics like the truly terrible queen of alker space. her greatest role was as herself, one of the first professional celebrities famous for simply being famous. she was rich, gorgeous and outrageous and she ate meant for breakfast. her last marriage in 1986 was her eighth, or ninth, if you include an illegal ceremony conducted at the.
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women don't even get married any more today, they just women don't even get married any more today, theyjust have love affairs, i was raised in a convent so affairs, i was raised in a convent soi affairs, i was raised in a convent so i had to get married. now i believe myself to live in sin, it's wonderful, girls, don't get married, it's insanity, you have to become your servant, you have to look after the house and they cheat on you, who needs that? in 1989 she was briefly jailed for hitting a hollywood traffic cop twice her size, she was well into her 70s but during the court case she was accused of doctoring her driving licence to disguise her age. by then herfilm career had descended into parody, here she is with frankie howard. career had descended into parody, here she is with frankie howardlj haven't here she is with frankie howard.|j haven't seen my eyes are wrong. but she never lost her innocence or her wit. as she once said i'm a marvellous housekeeper, every time i leave a man i keep his house. remembering jagajaga bore. —— zsa zsa gabor. now on bbc news it's time for reporters. hello, welcome to reporters, i'm
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christian fraser. from here in the world's newsroom we send out correspondence to bring you the best stories from across the globe. in this programme: the syrian ceasefire that never was. lyse doucet reports on anotherfailed that never was. lyse doucet reports on another failed truce for aleppo. the un speaks of war crimes by president assad accuses the west of protecting terrorists. the western officials and the mainstream media are not worried when the opposite happens when the terrorists are killing those civilians. inside saudi arabia, frank gardner reports on the border with yemen. the frontline of the war against the who the rebels. saudi arabia is at war and the war has come to saudi
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citizens, and that's a shock for them. corruption on an olympic scale as 1000 russian athletes are accused of doping, dan roan reveals how they treated comprehensively at london 2012. now we know that performance was a sham and a golden games were sabotaged. a world first for female fertility. fergus walsh gets exclusive access to a new giving hope to thousands of girls who are told they will never be mothers. the force of nature. rebecca morrelle sees how iceland's organic energy could be harnessed to power tens of thousands of homes. this project's been planned for years. it's going to be the hottest borehole in the world. it's been a hell of a week for the people of aleppo. as hopes of peace and a ceasefire collapsed, and the syrian city came under
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renewed shelling and air strikes. president assad's forces and rebel fighters blamed each otherfor the latest outbreak of violence. the un says the bombardment of civilians in aleppo is probably a war crime. but president assad has accused the west of helping to protect what he called terrorists. as the ceasefire collapsed, lyse doucet sent this report from beirut. a rare quiet became another day of war, shattering a ceasefire only hours after it started. crushing a bit of hope with the agony of aleppo was over. especially for those who are was over. especially for those who a re left was over. especially for those who are left in the city. all the people were happy with the
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agreement. they think the regime is going to attack us. imagine what it's like for children without pa rents. it's like for children without parents. 47 orphans sent a message to the world. translation: please let us evacuate aleppo. we can't go outside because of the airstrikes and shelling. we are afraid. we would really like you to help us leave aleppo. we would like to leave like everyone else. the first ambulance was turned back by a
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pro—government militia. and the buses waited for hours. more than 100,000 people escaped this hellish corner in recent weeks, fleeing underfire. a corner in recent weeks, fleeing under fire. a brutish corner in recent weeks, fleeing underfire. a brutish existence, a victory just to survive. underfire. a brutish existence, a victoryjust to survive. many did not. the un is now raising concern about alleged massacres of civilians, a grave accusation dismissed by president assad.“ civilians, a grave accusation dismissed by president assad. if we liberate aleppo from the terrorists the western officials and the mainstream media are going to be worried about the civilians. they are not worried about when the opposite happens and the terrorists are killing those civilians. state tv shows what they say is the evidence, a weapons factory captured during the army's offensive, the rockets rebels had been firing in the west aleppo.
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it is why it has been so hard to reach a deal to let the fighters go. all these crimes that they have committed, after bombing the old city of aleppo, through explosive tunnels, robbing, looting factories, no—one likes to see those. after killing 11,000 civilians in the western parts of aleppo, no—one likes to see them just go! so the fight goes on. but there are reports a new deal is done, that rebels will leave, that an evacuation of civilians will at last happen, and that this brutal battle for aleppo may, just may, be over. lyse doucet, bbc news, beruit. to the human tragedy of the war in yemen now. saudi—led forces have accused the united nations of exaggerating the number of civilian casualties in the conflict. they insist they only strike military targets. saudi arabia started bombing yemen in march last year and the rebels, backed by iran, forced the country's president into exile. we have been to the border
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between yemen and saudi arabia where the saudis are increasingly concerned about the security. day in, day out, warplanes from a saudi—led coalition taking off for yemen. they are supporting a un security council resolution to restore yemen's legitimate government, ousted by iran—backed rebels, the houthis. but as well as hitting military targets they have been accused of hitting civilian targets. i went to the headquarters to ask the saudis how they choose their targets. they showed me a no—strike map, sites off—limits to air strikes. their chief spokesman also accused the rebel houthis of hiding among civilians. when you conduct a war in such circumstances where the militias live with the civilians it is difficult.
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mistakes happen and we do what is reasonable to protect civilians. we are here to protect them. we're not here to harm civilians. opposite happens and the terrorists are killing those civilians. how is it that in practice the un estimates 60% of the casualties are caused by a strike? something is going on between theory and practice. it is not unhelpful. i think it is an exaggerated number when they say 60% of the casualties in yemen are due to the air strikes. we target sites on a line of conflict. i flew south, hundreds of miles away down to the tense yemeni border. the saudis took me under armed escort to the front line. there a general told me they are facing bands of gunmen who sneak across the border. translation: there are militias and there are gangs targeting
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of civilians which is against the rules. further back from the border i was shown a house hit by a rocket from yemen just the day before. everything inside at home, in the home, is broken. he has his country and i am in my country. we are brothers in islam. the shell that landed here was one of four that landed yesterday just in this village close to the yemeni border. the damage is miniscule compared to what's going on in yemen. there is no comparison. but it is a reminder that saudi arabia is at war and the war has come to saudi citizens. that is a shock for them.
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ballistic missiles have been coming across the border. scuds and this russian—made one launched by the houthi rebels. the saudis deploy missiles to shoot them down. this war is over 20 months old and the missiles and the strikes continue and neither side prepared to back down. when we have scud missiles it is like fireworks. do you believe there are many more scuds they could still fire? many many times. on another part of the border i met saudi villagers badly injured by shrapnel from a houthi missile that had hit their mosque. given what has happened to this man and his use permanent disability, in a wheelchair unluckily, why would you stay on in this village so close to the border? he is saying that he was born here and his friends
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say the same thing. this is where they live. further away from the border we found this market. people here are nearly all yemeni who fled the broken economy of the country. i asked this man if the fighting on the border was affecting his business. not really, he said. everything is fine. but people here are reluctant to speak out publicly. afraid of repercussions both from the saudi authorities and from the houthi across the border where they have relatives. saudi defence forces took us here to a girls' elementary school hit by a houthi missile. i pointed out the coalition airstrikes have also hit schools in yemen. translation: the difference between us and the houthis is we do not deliberately target schools. you see any military presence here? when our side targets a school, it is because it has been turned into something else.
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the schoolhouse was a hit in the middle of the night when the classrooms were empty. but both sides in the war had targeted the other of accusing civilians. yemenis have suffered disproportionately, but the saudis say that over 500 of their people have also been killed. talks to end the conflict have failed and after two years, peace remains an elusive goal. frank gardner, bbc news, on the saudi yemen border. the london olympics were corrupted on an unprecedented scale by russian athletes helped by state—sponsored doping and officals. that was the finding at the investigation of the world doping agency. it says russia's covenant and sports authorities colluded to make sure russia's athletes could take banned
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drugs and evade testing across 30 sports, including football. in russia the report has been widely dismissed as lies and rumours. dan roan reports on how it has claimed the russians treated comprehensively at the london 2012 0lympics. we knew it was bad. today we found outjust how bad, laid bare, how russia cheated at sport. from london 2012 through to sochi 2014 and beyond, both summer and winter sports corrupted across a four—year period. canadian law professor, richard mclaren, today revealing the full damning findings of his investigation into an audacious state—sponsored doping programme of breathtaking proportions. the conspiracy was perpetrated from at least 2011 to 2015. over 1,000 russian athletes competing in summer, winter, and paralympic sport, can be identified as being involved in or benefiting from manipulation to conceal positive doping tests.
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the scandal began in may, with the shock revelations of this man, grigory rodchenkov, the former head of moscow's anti—doping lab turned whistle—blower. in a barely believable conspiracy, that went right to the top of the russian state, he helped dozens of athletes take a cocktail of performance—enhancing drugs and evade detection. working in a secret part of his lab, supposedly secure bottles were tampered with and positive samples passed through holes in the wall drilled by spies and then swapped. more grim details of the plot, backed up by a vast database of evidence. scratches on the caps of sample bottles from a thin strip of metal used to open them, and further proof of tampering, instant coffee granules added to clean urine samples. salt levels described as physiologically impossible, and two female ice hockey players with male dna in their samples. the russian olympic team corrupted the london games on an unprecedented
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scale, the extent of which will probably never be fully established. this corruption involved the ongoing use of prohibited substance, washout testing and false reporting. london 2012 was meant to inspire a generation. it was hailed as one of the cleanest and most successful olympics in history. the russian team came fourth in the medals table, and none of their competitors failed doping tests. but now we know that performance was a sham and the golden games was sabotaged. the international olympic committee said today the revelations were an attack on the integrity of the games and that they would retest every russian sample from london 2012. but others want more. it's time for the ioc to act. they can take immediate steps to suspend the national 0lympic committee from russia, who ultimately is responsible
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for the sport system and the olympic movement in russia. they can ensure that no international events happen in russia until they are declared code—compliant. some critics will now want russia banned from the next winter games or for them to be stripped of hosting football's next world cup. here at this ice hockey match in moscow today, however, the mood was defiant. translation: some people take banned substances legally and they're not punished. others are stripped of their medals even if what they are accused of happened a long time ago and has never been proved. it's all political. the russian 0lympic committee's annual ball in moscow this week, a display of strength and of pride. the country risks sporting isolation like never before. now to a rare scientific advance and a breakthrough in women's fertility. for the first time, doctors have frozen ovarian tissue from a girl who had not yet reached puberty, and then, more than 15 years
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later, used it to make herfertile again. moaza alnatrooshi who is now aged 2a is believed to be the first in the world to have a baby after having an ovary frozen so early in her life. she has been telling fergus walsh about her remarkable story. every baby is special, but this little boy is astonishing. he is the result of frozen ovarian tissue taken from his mum when she was just nine. against the odds, moaza has become a mother. it's a miracle that i have my baby now because it was so long that we are waiting for this nice result. as a child, moaza, who's from dubai, had a serious blood disorder and needed a bone marrow transplant which would make her infertile, so, prior to chemotherapy, she had her right ovary removed. slices of tissue were taken. each contained follicles with immature eggs which were frozen.
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two years ago, four were stitched onto her failed left ovary in transplant surgery in denmark. within months, she began ovulating and her premature menopause was reversed. eggs were retrieved and used in ivf treatment. her doctor at the private portland hospital in london says this is a major advance in safeguarding women's fertility. i'm absolutely overjoyed for this patient. if offers fantastic help for a lot of children around the world who need life—threatening treatments for cancer or other major illnesses. these are cow ovaries but it is the same process involved in preparing human tissue for freezing. we believe there are thousands of cases in storage across the world for tissue that has been preserved for young girls and young women who are likely to have lost their fertility as a result of chemotherapy treatment
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or radiation treatment. when moaza had her ovarian tissue frozen in a tank of liquid nitrogen like this 15 years ago when she was just nine years old, it was a rare and pioneering procedure. back then, some scientists thought the tissue would perish long before she wanted to start a family. now, she has shown what's possible and given hope to thousands. what message does your baby son send to young girls who may be going to a cancer treatment now? there is another chance and another hope because my hope was to have a nice child like this baby. moaza hopes to have another child and is looking forward to going home to dubai as soon as her son is old enough to fly. fergus walsh, bbc news.
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scientists in iceland are close to drilling deeper into a volcano than ever before. they have reached depths of nearly five kilometres into the crater at temperatures of up to 500 celsius, making it the hottest borehole ever created. they plan to tap into a reservoir and harness the energy from the site to power up to 50,000 homes. rebecca morelle has this exclusive report from iceland. this is one of the most volcanically active places on earth. but now scientists plan to harness the power of volcanoes by drilling into the heart of one. this site has been operating continuously for 2h hours a day. using this huge piece of kit, with section after section of high—strength steel, they're are almost 5000 metres down. we have never been this deep before.
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we have never been into these hot rock formations before so we are optimistic that this will carry us a step into the future. so exactly what is that they are doing here? this project has been planned for years. it's going to be the hottest borehole in the world. drilling started back in august. it has already passed through thick layers of volcanic rock and at 2500 metres, it hit 300 celsius. this is the point that most conventional boreholes stop but this one has gone deeper, heading towards 5000 metres down and that is three miles, where it is expected to hit 500 degrees. here, water mixes with molten rock and becomes what is known as supercritical steam. it is neither a liquid nor a gas that holds more energy than either and it is this that will be brought back up to the surface. scientists think it will generate
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so much electricity, it could transform the energy industry. but a project like this isn't risk—free. this is what happened in 2009 during an earlier attempt to tap into a volcano. the drill unexpectedly hit magma and was destroyed. the most recent eruption here was 700 years ago... geologists say we still have a lot to learn about these forces of nature. there is always some risk and it has to be evaluated but it is also a risk if we don't understand the volcanoes. a cases like in italy, millions of people living on a volcano. we need to advance our understanding of when these volcanoes will erupt, we need to go and see what is down there. in iceland, towns are already using energy generated from volcanoes, but this new approach could create up to ten
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times more electricity. if it works, this technology and the energy it harnesses could be used around the world. rebecca morelle, bbc news, iceland. that's all from reporters for this week. from me, christian fraser, goodbye for now. a huge week of pre—christmas travel plans and with different weather challenges either end of the week. now, what we'll see later in the week is governed by what's happening in us and canada at the moment. a big freeze at the moment. much of the continent starts below freezing but the temperature contrasts in the south—east. it fires up a jet stream that will charge towards us this week bringing ever deeper areas of low pressure later on. that will give us a challenge
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later in the week. the challenge again this morning is contesting with the fog. having an impact on some of the roads and airports. probably worst in parts of western england and wales this morning. some dense patches of fog in places across the south—west. a pretty grey and dismal start for many. maybe not quite as foggy as east anglia and the south—east has been in recent days which could be good news in the airport. some of higher ground will see some fog and we will see some fog in the higher ground of northern england. the fog not as much of an issue in scotland and northern ireland. maybe even north—east england. but here the sunshine will start the way and western scotland cloud. patch and drizzle affecting northern ireland. not a huge amount of wet weather. we will finish the day with some brightness. elsewhere, though, remains cloudy and misty in some western areas and later on in eastern england, patches of light rain or drizzle. temperatures to finish monday should be for the time of the year but feeling cool where
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the mist lingers. heavy rain developing in the south in monday night. patchy rain in england and wales. misty over the hills. but clear england and wales skies. scotland and northern ireland, and here, coldest night of the week with frost in places and for northern ireland, could be a foggy start to tuesday morning. still fog an issue for one or two of you for tuesday. probably worse in northern ireland and in the hills andier bursts in the south. through central and eastern england, brighter afternoons in store than we've been used to for a while. but, at last, the arrival of some sunshine. some sunshine for eastern parts of scotland, but in the west, we start to see some rain. a cooler day by and large, but let's focus on the rain. western scotland and northern ireland. notjust rain but strong winds. the strong winds are back. gale force across many areas into tuesday evening's rush hour. severe gales, if not storm force, across the north thanks to this weather front bringing rain across the country and increasing winds through the night and into wednesday.
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and that links into weather systems waiting in the wings being fired up by the jet stream i mentioned. so it is that big challenge to start the week. fog could be an issue. strong winds and heavy rain later on. we'll of course keep you updated and take you through it each day step—by—step. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. the headlines: a philippine senator who's calling for the impeachment of president rodrigo duterte tells us she fears for her life, but won't be silenced. myanmar‘s leader, aung san suu kyi, calls an emergency meeting to discuss the rohingya crisis. i'm kasia madera in london. after three days of delays and disagreements, the evacuation of besieged eastern aleppo resumes once more. and the original showbiz celebrity, hollywood actress, tabloid star and socialite zsa zsa gabor has died at the age of 99.
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live from our studios in london and singapore. this is bbc world news.
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