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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 20, 2017 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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hello you're watching bbc world news, i'm adnan nawaz. our top story this hour: it's day two of the iraqi government's offensive against the western half of the city of mosul. and its commanders are claiming some early success with the capture of a few villages. but there's a long fight still to come. welcome to the programme — our other main stories this hour. sweden requests an explanation after president trump apparently invents an immigration—related security incident there. and angelina jolie speaks to us exclusively about her new film — and her hopes it will help a new generation understand cambodia's genocide. i'm sally bundock. in business: talking trade — trumps vice president is in brussels meeting with key leaders from the european union — but will the worlds two most powerful trading blocks reach a deal? the american food giant, kraft heinz, walks away from its proposed merger deal
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with rival unilever. it would have been the largest merger ever. iraqi government forces have started a major offensive to try to retake full control of the country's second largest city — mosul. thousands of troops are being backed by artillery and helicopter gunships. mosul was seized more than two years ago by the islamic state group. the offensive to remove them began in october with iraqi troops securing the eastern part of the city last month after weeks of fighting. the western half is home to about 750,000 civilians, with the un and other aid agencies concerned for those who are trapped there. 0ur middle east correspondent quentin sommerville and cameraman nik millard are the only tv journalists on the frontline with iraqi forces. they sent this report on the first day of the offensive. just after sunrise, iraq began what it hopes is its last major
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battle against the so—called islamic state. thousands of men, and hundreds of armoured vehicles, in a line of attack that spread for miles. the iraqi army are starting their assault on western mosul. they've breached their own defences. armoured vehicles are lining up, getting ready for the islamic state. they're only a couple of kilometres over that way, and they know that these men are coming. they're dug in, and the assault on western mosul has started. leading the attack, iraq's emergency response division, police special forces. some of these men were surrounded by is two years ago. theyjust escaped with their lives. today, they threw everything they had at is. they're now above the village,
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which is their main target. they're laying down fire, and they're about to call in some artillery strikes. but first came the mortars. the captain tells me there are three is fighters in a yellow building down there, and car bombs — "we're targeting them now." car bomb explosion just gone off. the men were trying to take it out. it seems like they managed to hit it. they'd set up a whole bunch of recoilless rifles, but as you can see here, they're getting ready with another rpg just in case. but it seems like they got it. there were four car bombs in total,
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but soon government forces were inside. they killed 13 is fighters, and sustained only one casualty. translation: we are very glad to have liberated this area. we have killed lots of is, and we will soon get civilians back to their homes. we will continue to push forward, and will follow is to the border. here, there were no white flags, nor is black flags. for the first time in years, iraq's flag flew above alignatra village. the village is small, but important. it is the gateway to mosul proper, and the city's airport. and, as we discovered, homes had become fortresses. here, is weapons. and hidden inside a house,
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away from surveillance aircraft, another car bomb, disguised as an ambulance. the bomb inside was still live. in these streets, though, a critical advantage. there were no civilians. in west mosul, there are 750,000 people, and thousands of is fighters. it took these men just six hours to take this village, their target. they made good progress, but with overwhelming force. beyond here is another town and another village. that town overlooks mosul airport and the city itself. from here on in, though, the going won't be nearly so fast. this was a victory two years in the making. but it is more than that. these troops, once humiliated by is, today celebrated a moment of redemption, for them and for iraq. quentin somerville, bbc news,
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on mosul‘s southern front. the white house has been trying to clarify remarks by president trump, who appeared to suggest during a rally in florida, that sweden had suffered a recent security incident. it hadn't. the former swedish prime minister carl bildt wondered on twitter what mr trump had been smoking. the president himself tweeted that he had based his comments on a fox news report about rising crime and immigration in sweden. 0ur correspondent, laura bicker, reports. this is a us holiday weekend to celebrate past presidents. but, in new york and elsewhere, some decided to hold protests about the new one. it's been a difficult first month for donald trump. he took time out to step into the sunshine state and hold a rally with his supporters. this is firmer, more familiarground. the president of the united states! he promised a new immigration order later this week
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to replace his controversial travel ban. but some of his reasoning caused more controversy. you look at what's happening last night in sweden. sweden! who would believe this? sweden! they took in large numbers. they're having problems like they never thought possible. the swedish embassy in the us asked for a explanation. there have been no terror attacks there this week. the white house says he was referring to reports of rising crime, which he may have seen on fox news. it's the kind of distraction from his message that mr trump blames on the media. i also want to speak to you without the filter of the fake news. cheering they have become a big part of the problem. they are part of the corrupt system. president trump accused major us networks of being an enemy
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of the people. 0ne senior republican says lessons need to be learned from history. if you want to preserve democracy as we know it, you have to have a free, and many times adversarial, press. and, without it, i'm afraid that we would lose so much of our individual liberties over time. that's how dictators get started. but the president's chief of staff says the media is constantly making up news. they're talking about russian spies, talking about the intelligence community, talking about how me and steve bannon don't like each other, and what's kellyanne doing? all of this total garbage, unsourced stuff. donald trump held this rally to revive his message. but it's also a reminder there is work to do. president trump seems far more comfortable at the campaign podium than he does in the oval office right now. he seems to feed from the energy of this crowd. but he doesn't need to win friends here in florida. he needs them on capitol hill
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if he's to get his agenda through congress. he also needs to find a new national security adviser after his first pick resigned and his second turned down the job. he's holding interviews today. the rally will help donald trump reconnect with his voting base, but now it is time get on with governing. laura bicker, bbc news, florida. iran's foreign minister, mohammad javad zarif has called on the united states to stop threatening his country. in an interview with the bbc‘s chief international correspondent, he said moves in washington to prepare new sanctions were an effort to provoke and agitate iran but when asked about the possibility of military confrontation, mr zarif had this to say to lyse doucet. are certainly hope that prudence will prevail because iran is not an easy target. we're not going to
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provoke anybody, we're not going to instigate any hostility, we never start a ny instigate any hostility, we never start any hostility and we are not planning to do that. but we will defend ourselves. i do not believe that people looking at our history, people looking at our capabilities, will have, will ever make the decision to engage in that. iran test fired a ballistic missile. the united states imposed new sanctions and in president trump's words, put iran on notice. you worried about another escalation? missiles are defensive means. we are not seeking to provoke anybody. not a wise perhaps in the current context to engage in that kind of an act, illegal or not. for our defence and for being ready to defend ourselves,
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you see, if you were in iran for eight years when everybody in the international system, including the united states, the tilt towards iraq. are you talking about the 19805? given that i'm talking about the 19805. our people do not forget the 19805. our people do not forget the fact that we were being bombarded. no one, absolutely no one gave us the rudimentary means of defence. the saudis, the americans and israelis are now talking about options on the table, consequences, if you don't do things. first of all, we're not talking about the law of thejungle. all, we're not talking about the law of the jungle. we are talking about the international law. according to international law, those options are a violation of international law i advise them not only to respect international law but to be prudent enough not to get themselves in serious trouble. the rhetoric is
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chaining because —— changing because the longer is the us who you concluded a historic nuclear deal with under the last secretary of statejohn kerry, you are now talking about the us led by officials who are now putting you on notice. i believe that the previous administration reached a nuclear deal with iran because it have any choice. it tried. the harshest so—called crippling sanctions, but existed. both sanctions produced the exact opposite. the exact opposite political outcome. the irani and people resisted, the irani and people resisted, the irani and people stood up, we would advise everybody that the nuclear agreement isa everybody that the nuclear agreement is a reasonable agreement. it's not everything they wanted nor was it everything they wanted nor was it everything we wanted but it was reasonable and i believe if the
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previous administration had other options, they would have exercised it. it's not as though we are moving from a very friendly relations into a hostile relation. united states policy with iran has never been friendly with a past ten years. it has always been hostile. —— 30 yea rs. has always been hostile. —— 30 years. it has shown that hostility does not receive a positive response from the iranian people. and other senior us official is still here in the uk. indeed. mike pence is still in europe and is meeting in brussels today with donald task. —— donald tusk.
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they will try to mend fences after throwing rhetorical fire crackers at each other in recent weeks. while mr tusk described trump as a threat to europe, mr trump has praised the uk's decision to leave the union and angered many nations with his travel ban. between them the us and the european union are the world's two biggest trading blocs — figures from 2014 puts the value of all goods and services traded between them worth over one trillion dollars and that favoured the eu — it sold 91 billion dollars more stuff to the usa then the other way round. something the trump administration would like to change. and since 2013 the eu and us have been trying to broker a free trade deal — the so called transatlantic trade and investment partnership — ttip — that would eliminate tariffs and reduce regulation. but president trump has said nothing about it since his election — many though expect ttip to be scrapped. where differences have emerged its been over currency valuations, car exports and financial regulations. what will mike pence broker? we will
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have that discussion. also, the biggest potential merger deal in corporate history is not happening — after the american food giant kraft—heinz said it was dropping its bid to buy rival — unilever. the anglo—dutch company, which makes marmite, lipton tea and dove soap, rejected a $143 billion bid from kraft on friday. now kraft has said it has ‘amicably agreed' to scrap the plan. shares in both companies rose sharply on friday, as investors welcomed the possible creation of such a powerful firm. why are they pulling out? we are talking about that and we have all the other businesses tories in about 20 minutes. time is flying, see you $0011 “— 20 minutes. time is flying, see you $0011 —— “— 20 minutes. time is flying, see you soon —— —— business stories. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: in our exclusive interview with angelina jolie, she tells the bbc why she chose
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to make a film about the horrors of cambodia's khmer rouge. this is bbc world news. i'm adnan nawaz. the latest headlines: iraqi government forces have recaptured a number of villages at the start of an offensive to retake the western part of mosul from the islamic state group. the white house has attempted to clarify remarks by president trump in which he appeared to suggest sweden had suffered a recent security incident related to immigration. it hadn't. the colombian president, juan manuel santos, has condemned an attack in the capital, bogota. the authorities said around 30 people, mostly policemen, were injured when a device exploded in a sewer. caroline davies has more. taxis and motorbikes on bogota's streets this sunday morning. then this. the explosion was amongst ranks of police officers preparing to manage a protest. they left their helmets strewn in the street to help their colleagues. this was close to the santamaria
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bullring, and the planned protest was against the sunday bullfight. the case is being investigated as terrorism, and the city's mayor has said they currently don't think it's linked to those against bullfighting. the device was thought to have been left in the sewer near to a youth hostel. the impact of the blast was felt streets away. translation: it was horrible. we were a half—block away and it was tremendous. the apartment on the second floor shook. bogota's mayor said the police would go after those responsible. translation: it is a message to reject terrorism. we are going to pursue terrorism. we are going to do everything we can to capture them. i can tell you that we have the whole sector of la macarena secured. in a few minutes, we are going to make way. we have people who are injured. although no—one was killed, around 30 people have been injured, most of them policemen. colombia's president has
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condemned the attack, and the investigation continues to find out who is responsible. caroline davies, bbc news. in other news: police and protestors have clashed in the ukrainian capital kiev ahead of a ceasefire between russian—backed rebels and government forces that comes into effect this monday. at least seven protestors were detained after ultra—nationalists gathered to back a blockade between the separatist east and the rest of ukraine. partial results from ecuador‘s presidential election indicate that the left—wing candidate, lenin moreno, is leading in the first round. with half the votes counted, mr moreno has won around 38% of the vote. he needs 40% of the vote for an outright victory. the main conservative challenger, guillermo lasso, hopes to benefit if the election does go to a second round run off in april. malaysia is recalling its ambassador in north korea in an escalating row over the murder of the half brother of the north—korean leader kim
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jong—un. malaysia also said it had summoned the north korean ambassador in kuala lumpur, who last week accused it of colluding with hostile forces as it investigates the apparent poisoning at the capital's international airport. celia hatton reports. the assassination of this man appears to have involved a widening cast of characters. four have already been detained in the poisoning of kimjong—nam, including a woman holding a vietnamese passport, who could be this person from the crime scene, and this indonesian woman, who says she was tricked into participating. she says she thought she was on a television prank show. one north korean citizen is also in custody, thought to be the man escorted here by malaysian police. and now the authorities have asked for interpol‘s help to find at least four more north koreans, who all entered and exited malaysia using regular passports. and i can confirm today that they have left our country, the very same day
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the incident happened. and more suspects are also wanted, people of interest who might know how kim jong—nam's killing was carried out. four suspects have been identified, which could assist us very much in the investigation. but still the question of what will be done with kim jong—nam's body. malaysian law requires his family to come in person to claim his corpse. the next—of—kin has to come forward. i have given a timeframe. and, if still they don't come forward, then we have to look for the next option. i don't discuss at the moment. we'll wait and see. it is unclear whether mr kim's children could travel to the morgue where the autopsy was conducted, or perhaps the law requires
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the presence of this man, the victim's half—sibling, north korean leader kimjong—un. south korea's unification ministry confirmed they believe pyongyang orchestrated the poisoning of kimjong—nam, the man once poised to rule north korea, before falling out of favour with his dictator father. while kim jong—nam was alive, the thinking goes, he remained a threat to his half—brother, and to kimjong—un‘s fragile grip on power inside north korea. celia hatton, bbc news. the hollywood actress turned director angelina jolie says she hopes her new film about cambodia under the khmer rouge will help educate the world about the brutality of the regime. she's been talking exclusively to the bbc‘s yalda hakim. hollywood royalty meets cambodian royalty. the backdrop, an ancient temple. it is the biggest movie premiere
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this country has ever seen. the director, angelina jolie, says the film speaks to this nation's people. their actors, their language, their story. this war that happened a0 years ago, and what happened to these people, was not properly understood. and notjust for the world, but for the people of the country. i felt that i wanted them to be able to reflect on it in a way that they could absorb. so it's through the eyes of a child, and it's a lot about love. the khmer rouge, a radical communist movement, vowed to take the country back to year zero. millions were forced out of the cities in an attempt to create a rural utopia. you could be killed for practising religion, showing emotions, or even wearing colour. infouryears, 2 million people died. speaking to people here,
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i get the sense that they don't want to remember the past, but they also can't forget it. there are 20,000 mass graves across this country, like these ones, a visual reminder of what this nation has been through. the haunting portraits of death. hundreds of images of those who were tortured at the notorious s21 prison. more than 12,000 people were killed here. in the end, only a handful survived. 86—year—old chung mai is one of them. they beat me for 12 days and 12 nights, he tells me. i was so hungry, when i'd see a cockroach, a lizard or mouse, i would catch it and eat it. if they caught me, they'd beat me up again. angelina jolie is keen to tell this story, and focus on this country and its past. but it has been difficult to keep the spotlight
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off her own personal life. we know that an incident occurred which led to your separation. we also know you haven't said anything about this. but would you like to say something? uh... only that... i don't want to say very much about that, except to say that it was a very difficult time, and... and we are a family, and we will always be a family. and we will get through this time, and hopefully be a stronger family for it. but this moment is about cambodia, and remembering the time when this ancient culture was almost wiped out. yalda hakim, bbc news. plenty of all our stories on the bbc
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news website, not least the iraqi government assault to try to retake western mosul. bye—bye. hello there, good morning. 12 or 13 degrees quite widely on sunday. the north—east of scotland got to around about 1k degrees. our air has come in from the middle of the atlantic, and will continue to do, although we are going to see temperatures drop away from the north as we get to the latter part of the week. a lot of cloud out there. overnight tonight it will be spilling its way in from the west. some of the cloud will be really quite low across western areas and there will be at least some rain to be had in the far north and west first thing in the morning. but it will be a mild night. nine or ten degrees fairly typical for most major towns and cities. those are the sorts of temperatures we should see by daytime at this time of year. but quite a grey old start for many. the weather front is not particularly intense in terms of rainfall, but there is wetter weather to be had and windy conditions in the far north—west.
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whereas in the far south—west there will be low cloud, hill fog quite extensive, some coastal fog as well, but it is a mild start to the day. dry for the most part, maybe just the odd spot of drizzle under this low cloud out west. not quite so much low cloud for east anglia and lincolnshire, but down towards the south—east, particularly around the coast, it is a grey but mild start to the day. few breaks in the cloud for the north—east of england but most places are starting off rather grey. but not much rain until you get to get to the north—west of northern ireland and the western side of scotland as well. cloudy and breezy as well. some parts of eastern scotland just about getting away with a dry start to the day, but it will be a blustery start on the eastern side of scotland and the north—east of england, at least for a time through the morning. winds gusting to around 50 miles an hour, bear that in mind if you are travelling up and down the pennines, for example. into the afternoon, going to see some reasonable temperatures in the south—east, given a few cloud breaks. up to 16 degrees, maybe a little bit higher in a couple of places, not quite as warm as it was on sunday in scotland.
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into the evening, we've got some showers in the north of scotland, and the area of rain affecting some parts of wales in southern england. in between, it is largely dry and not overly chilly, but we are into single figures. dawn on tuesday, there may even be a touch of frost in northern scotland, but not so further south. another mild night, nine or ten degrees. another grey start to the day on tuesday for wales and southern counties of england. low cloud and patchy rain through the morning. some wetter weather getting into western scotland this is bbc world news, the headlines: iraqi forces have taken several villages on the first day of a major offensive to regain control of the western half of mosul from islamic state militants. government troops secured the eastern part of the city last month. president trump has explained a comment he made about violence in sweden at a saturday rally. on sunday he said he was referring to something he saw on fox news. that might have been a report about the influx of immigrants to sweden. colombia's president has condemned a blast on sunday near the bullring
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