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tv   Our World  BBC News  March 5, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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the latest headlines. the white house demands that congress investigate whether barack obama ordered wire—taps on president trump before last year's election. a former director of national intelligence denies the claims. the french centre—right presidential candidate francois fillon says he won't withdraw his candidacy — but he admitted to misjudgements in dealing with allegations of corruption. he says he is the legitimate choice of the party. there has been fierce fighting between islamic state and iraqi government forces in mosul. china has announced a reduced forecast for growth in the upcoming year. later we have a round—up of the day's news. first, our world.
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a0 years ago, cambodia experienced a genocide of unimaginable proportions. 2 million people died. now, a new film directed by hollywood superstar angelina jolie has won the backing of the cambodian establishment. the presence of the cambodian royal family at the movie's premiere, a stamp of approval for a film about the genocide that has never happened before, a significant acknowledgement that there needs to be more public discussion about the events of that time. i hope this doesn't bring up hatred, i hope it doesn't bring up blame,
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i hope itjust brings up discussion and i hope that the people of this country are proud when they see it because they see what they survived. on the banks of the mekong river bursts of colour, the sound of laughter. this is phnom penh today, full of life, bustling, families together, young and old. seeing all this it is hard to imagine thatjust four decades ago all seemed lost, destroyed. in 1975, the khmer rouge,
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a radical communist movement, took power, forcing millions from the cities into the countryside. this was their year zero, an attempt to create a walled utopia. it was easy to find yourself an enemy of angkor, as they called themselves. practising religion, showing emotions or even wearing colour could be a death sentence. in four years over 2 million people were killed, a quarter of the population. in 1979, weakened by infighting, the khmer rouge were driven from power by invading troops from neighbouring vietnam.
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action! screaming a0 years later, a new film about those times, first they killed my father, is breaking new ground. there have been films made about the genocide before, but not like this. it is funded by one of the world's biggest content distributors, netflix, for a global audience. but it's filmed entirely in cambodia with cambodian actors in the khmer language. why? because it's directed by hollywood superstar angelina jolie. she has had a deep connection with this country for almost 20 years since she first made a film here. it is where she adopted her first child, a cambodian boy. she has even been given cambodian citizenship.
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i thought what story do i feel is really important to tell? i felt that this war that happened a0 years ago and what happened to these people was not properly understood and not just for the world, but for the people of the country. i felt that i wanted them to be able to reflect on it in a way that they could absorb. this film is graphic, detailed and personal. it is based on the true story of loung ung, who was five years old when the brutal rule of the khmer rouge began. she managed to survive but her mother, father and two of her siblings did not. and in a country where almost every family suffered under the regime, the film—makers hope this
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will resonate and encourage people to speak more freely about their deep, personal pain. right in the centre of the capital, tuol sleng, also known as s21, was a high school that became a prison. inmates were stripped, suffocated, interrogated, beaten and electrocuted here. now it is a museum. foreign tourists from all over the world come here to learn. but you don't see many cambodians here. some of the local people i've spoken to say they don't want to be reminded of what happened here. there are thousands of pictures taken of each prisoner as they arrived. each of them would have had
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families, a life and this is the only way we can now remember them. over 12,000 people are estimated to have come through these doors. only a handful left again. i think of all the photographs, it is the ones where they are smiling which make me feel most sick because we now know what happened to them. they would have had some idea of what would happen to them. it just doesn't fit what's actually going on in this place, or what went on. they just look happy. thank you, lady, thank you. it is so good to see you. chun lei did survive s21. at 86 he is one of
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the last still alive. he comes back here every day to share his story with one person at a time. like so many others, he was accused of being a spy for the americans. as a mechanic he was useful to the khmer rouge and they kept him alive, just barely. he takes me to see his cell where he was known as number 22. the scars are still visible. he was lucky to survive. now he has made it his duty to repeat his story over and over as a tribute to the thousands who didn't.
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he wants to make sure every single person who walks through the doors of the museum understand what happened here. rithy panh was just 11 years old when the khmer rouge swept to power. he lost his whole family. he is now arguably the country's most influential artist and produced angelina jolie's new film. the 0scar nominated film—maker says this is a country that has trouble dealing with the past. and there are so many ghosts in this country. 0n the outskirts of the capital, the anonymous dead. they call them the killing fields and these mass graves exist
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all over the country. 0ne favourite mantra of the regime was "to keep you is no benefit, to destroy you, no loss". some victims were shot dead, others buried alive, and children were beaten to death. this is yet another mass grave where more than a hundred victims were killed, mostly women and children. and this over here it is the most unimaginable, but they had a killing tree and now there are just these colourful beads, peace offerings to the victims. so what has been done to bring those responsible to justice? a un—backed court was
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set up in cambodia. hundreds of millions have been spent so far, though only four officials have gone to trial, a deliberate decision to only try those at the very top of the khmer rouge. further funding for the tribunals is now in jeopardy and it is unlikely there will be any more prosecutions. but some of those who suffered say a tribunal is not the only way to heal. they say what is needed is to keep speaking up. this is the biggest film premiere this country has ever seen and the presence of a superstar like angelina jolie has brought the world's attention here. the film's screening at one of cambodia's world—famous ancient temples is a deliberate display of the approval it has at the highest level of cambodian society. the presence of the king and queen of cambodia is highly symbolic.
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this kind of domestic support and backing of a film about the genocide has never happened before here in cambodia. for angelina jolie this is a passion project. this film is in a way my way of saying thank you to cambodia. because, you see, cambodia changed my life. the film is being screened in cambodia seven months before it is released internationally. schoolchildren and victims sit side—by—side, a generation who know the story all too well, and a new generation willing to hear it. so i hope this doesn't bring up hatred, i hope it doesn't bring up blame, i hope itjust brings up discussion and i hope that the people of this
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country are proud when they see it because they see what they have survived and i think it sheds light on what it is to be cambodian, a lot of the beauty and love for the family. do you think this nation is ready for that? i hope so! yes, i do. the hope is this film will make it easier for the country to talk about its past. some have already found the courage to do so. pratt korn lives in the countryside. his weathered face shows the hard life he has lived. the 65—year—old now sells bananas for a living. when it comes time for talking about his past, though,
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he is ashamed to be seen. he wants to meet us in a remote pagoda. before he was a farmer he was a torturer at the infamous tuol sleng prison that i visited in phnom penh. what was going through your mind? so there was screaming, begging, asking you to stop? did you feel guilty?
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during that time he did not consider he was guilty. and now? now he really knows. do you suffer? it has been a0 years since the events he describes
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and he calls himself a victim as well. but does he think he should have been punished? pratt korn tells me the past haunts him, he feels shame every day. he says he often talks to his children about his past, but it is difficult for them to believe that their 6a—year—old father, now grandfather, could have committed the crimes he did. after the film premiere,
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angelina jolie has come to hear from people who have seen the movie. she listens as one by one they speak. the old share their stories, a lifetime of emotion is released. i realise how difficult it is for them to open up. the pain is still so present, like it happened yesterday. how do you think this film will help the younger generation when you hear her speaking you see her tears and pain? what do you feel your
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responsibility is? what is your reaction? well, to that question my responsibility would be to pass it on to a way longer generation and to show them what the devastation was, the struggle they have been through, the pain, in orderfor that to avoid the next one that might happen. do you think it is hard for them to open up? as a society cambodians don't like to talk about their feelings or the pain. do you think that it is difficult for them to talk to the younger people about what has happened to them? in my opinion i don't think they feel they don't want to talk. they really want to talk, they really want to reveal what they have been through, but the problem is how the listener responds to them. for many cambodians this
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is a first, to finally be speaking to strangers about their private, painful memories. the classical apsara dance. each move a symbol of the past, present and future. it goes back thousands of years to the angkorian era, a mixture of hindu and buddhist mythology. in the past it was only ever taught at the royal courts. but the dance almost vanished under the khmer rouge and only a few of those who knew the art survived. now it is slowly making a comeback with a new generation keen to revive the past.
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another thing almost lost is being restored, all the more precious for having been saved. the many cambodians i have met and spoken to say they are slowly restoring pride in their culture and finding strength in their survival. this nation's people are clearly still haunted by the events of a0 years ago and are still looking for a way to heal. i think they will always search for answers, and need to remember. but they don't want the brutality of the past and the need to remember it to define them. hello again.
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thanks very much forjoining me. it's time we updated you on our thoughts on what's to come in the forthcoming week and then we will push our luck and give you a sense of what is going to go on through the course of next weekend and indeed beyond. don't despair at the start of this week if it is particularly wet across the south western quarter of the british isles in the first part of the day, because when we get onto lunchtime and the early afternoon much of the rain will have faded away, replaced by showers, and there will be generally a mixture of sunny spells and showers quite widely across the british isles, although the rain will return for northern ireland just in time for the school run and commute. now once monday is out of the way, the rest of the week falls into something of a pattern, we have rain at times, it will be breezy, and with the wind coming from the west and south—west for the most part it will be mild.
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we establish that pattern as early as tuesday. it might not seem that way initially because the skies might have cleared overnight and it will be a chilly start on tuesday, and a lot of dry and bright fine weather around. but the weather fronts from the atlantic make their presence felt across western parts initially. the further east, the drier your day will be. eventually the weather front will come to tumble its way ever further towards the east and south, bringing pretty wet spells of weather and whilst you are sandwiched between the warm front and the cold front, murky fare with the cloud sitting very low in the atmosphere. wednesday, low—pressure close by to scotland will keep it very blustery and breezy, through scotland, northern ireland and the north of england. plenty of showers. somewhat drier in the midlands and the north of wales. the weather front doesn't get right away from the southern counties of england and wales. it is mild, yes, 13—1a, but you won't want to stand around in it. and then just when you thought you had seen the last of it, it returns as a warm front, bringing mild air, yes, from the atlantic, but the cloud
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sitting again very low in the atmosphere. a lot of hill fog, damp fare moving through the south—west to wales and towards northern ireland. the best of any brightness to the east of the pennines and in the north—eastern corner of scotland. and again because the wind is coming from the south—west the top temperature could be 1a, possibly even 15. from thursday to friday, we still have the run of mild south—westerlies, the detail at this stage is difficult to pin down, but we think the low—pressure will still be pretty dominant. one of the scenarios for the weekend is to keep the low—pressure or something like it very close by to the north western quarter of the british isles, so you can imagine having seen the week thus far if you are anywhere close by the low—pressure, then it will be unsettled. spells of rain, the wind will be noticeable at times. further south, there isn't a vacuum. it will build in relatively high pressure, trying to settle things down across the southern parts of the british isles.
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the wet and windy fare in the north west. further south it will be drier and brighter, maybe a tad warmer. that is one of the scenarios. the other scenario we have on our minds is to bring low—pressure across the northern parts of the british isles, park it over denmark, build high pressure to the west, that funnels northerlies and north easterlies down across the british isles so that could push showers into the north of scotland. whatever scenario, it will be fairly wet there, breezy at times, as well, but i think the average temperature will prevail for most of us for the rest of the week. goodbye. labour urges the apartment to boost funding for public services, he says the economy is doing well but there might be unexpected challenges ahead.
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