welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump signs a revised travel ban against six mainly muslim countries — his team says it will overcome any legal challenge. france's francois fillon finally gets the backing of his centre right party as their candidate in next month's presidential election — despite his troubled campaign. china targets traffic pollution as it promises to "make the skies blue again" — but is it losing the battle against the smog? and we meet thailand's luckiest turtle — called bank — who swallowed nearly a thousand coins and lived to tell the fishy tale. president trump has finally signed his replacement executive order on immigration. it re—imposes travel restrictions
on six muslim—majority nations. but the new order omits iraq, offers protection to people that already have green cards, and removes an indefinite ban on syrian refugees. even so, new legal challenges are expected as nick bryant reports. there was applause when president trump signed the first executive order, but it caused anger, chaos and confusion at america's airports as the travel ban on entrants from seven mainly muslim countries was hurriedly put into effect but the us courts blocked it opening the borders, delivering an embarrassing rebuke to president trump. so today he signed a revised ban with unusually little fanfare. the washington press corps not invited to witness it and this photograph taken instead by a white house staffer. he left it to a senior administration officials to sell one of his signature policies. it is the president's solemn duty to protect the american people.
and with this order president trump is exercising his rightful authority to keep our people safe. whilst citizens from somalia, sudan, syria, iran, libya and yemen are still affected, iraq, unlike last time, is not on the list. people with legal residency in the us who are holders of green cards and those who already had visas will not be subject to the ban. syrian refugees originally banned indefinitely are not singled out for harsher treatment. the trump administration claims some refugees pose a potential terror threat. in fact, today more than 300 people, according to the fbi, who came here as refugees, are underan fbi investigation today for potential terrorism—related activities. by delaying its implementation until later in the month the white house is hoping to avoid a repeat of the botched roll—out of the original travel ban. removing iraq, a key ally, is designed to make it more politically palatable
for republican critics. and the trump administration has tried to make it legally watertight. but to constitutional scholars think they have succeeded? there are still grounds to challenge this executive order. in fact, they are the same grounds as before, it willjust be more difficult. none of this means that courts could not strike this town or issue a restraining order, it's just that it will be tougher. this has fewer edges. the muslim neighbourhoods of america such as this one in michigan, the travel ban affects family members and friends. and many complain it also marginalises them. it's really sad because it's affecting a lot of people and it's going to hurt a lot of people. i think it's a wrong decision. i wish he would teach us how to love each other more and be more peaceful, do not say this group is bad, that group is bad. america has long celebrated its welcoming tradition towards immigrants, symbolised by the statue of liberty. but opinion on the travel ban exposes deep divisions here between those who protest it's un—american and those who believe it's necessary
to protect the american homeland. david sterman is a washington—based policy analyst at the think tank new america. much of his research focuses on homegrown extremism — which includes a study titled "terrorism in america after 9—11". the whole point of this we are told is to make america safer and that this particular order will be less open to legal challenge on constitutional grounds. what to you think? this travel ban, the revised travel ban like the previous one would not have presented —— prevented a single death any of the states by a jihadist since the 911 attacks. there have been 13 deadly
perpetrators inside the us, all of them citizens or legal residents. the majority were born inside the us. $0 the majority were born inside the us. so as your research tells you, a lot of the problem is that people are recruited online. a lot of people are radicalised within the us? correct. the main problem in the us? correct. the main problem in the us is the problem of radicalisation off and online, definitely home—grown. the internet respects no visas and snowboarders. 80% of the broader terrorism is cases that we have observed since 911, every case since that time period, 80% were legal residents or citizens and half we re legal residents or citizens and half were born americans. —— visas and borders. looking at the reasons given by the band by the same logic behind it, france should be on this list, shouldn't it? exactly. the
numbers we have seen since 911 raised serious questions as to whether there is a rational security basis for the ban on rather than just fulfilling a campaign promise. but several categories were sent removed from the original band suggesting it did not have a rational security basis for their imposition. including the dropping ofan imposition. including the dropping of an entire country, iraq. watts what does it tell you? that the ban was not entirely about security? —— what does that tell you. it remains unclear why these concessions could not have been made before a negotiation, before abandoning an entire country from travelling to the united states. it doesn't
explain why now legal residence, legal permanent residence or syrian refugees suddenly become not an issue as they were in the original ban. each of these categories are simplya ban. each of these categories are simply a political promise made for the campaign rather than a rational security justification the campaign rather than a rational securityjustification based on actual d'etat. the data does not exist. —— data. there has been no terrorist activity from these countries inside america since 911. donald trump has also introduced stricter vetting for visas. in france — leaders from the main centre right party have backed francois fillon as their candidate in next month's presidential election — despite his troubled campaign. mr fillon has been accused of misusing public funds —
but his party colleagues have unanimously renewed their support for his candidature — following a discussion about the allegations which have clouded the fillon campaign. here's our paris correspondent lucy williamson on how this could affect the presidential race. it probably won't make things any easierfor the marine le pen. she might have hoped to inherit some of francois fillon‘s most loyal supporters if he were forced to stand down but on the other hand, the party has a lot of work to do to draw back some of its most centrist voters who might have drifted towards emmanuel macron. that could be difficult. francois fillon is still under investigation and is still under investigation and is still something of a gamble. i think the party tonight found itself somewhat hemmed in between two major problems. the first is that they are simply running out of time. they have to conserve their presidential candidate by the end of next week and the other more fundamental problem is that francois fillon are simply wouldn't go, no matter how things —— bad things got, he simply said he would not stand down. that
has forced the party's hand. he repeated it again tonight before going into the meeting and it looks as though he has won that war but the presidential race is still wide open. a british woman has been rescued by police in the australian state of queensland after allegedly being held against her will for more than two months. a 22—year—old man from the northern city of cairns has been charged with several counts of rape and assault. the woman was rescued when police pulled over her car near the town of mitchell and noticed she was distressed and had serious injuries to herface. they found a man in a storage alcove in the back of the vehicle. our correspondent in sydney hywel griffith has the latest. they say that the couple met a few months ago at the tail end of last year. at some stage there was agreement potentially to go on a road trip from the northern city of cairns down towards the area where they were found, mitchell, in the centre of the state. police say from
january to on ways until they found her under the of march, that that woman had been held against her will, as essentially a hostage, and had been brutally abused, the victim of rape on several occasions, several assaults. they have charged a 22—year—old man with four counts of strangulation and he has also been charged with drug offences. as you say, they found him and they allege he was hiding in the back of the vehicle and she was driving but clearly distressed. she had very obvious facial wounds and needed to receive treatment for those wounds although we are told they were not life—threatening. parts of africa have been gripped by drought — and in somalia it's threatening at least five million people. that's about half the country. over the weekend prime minister hassan ali haire, announced that more than 100 people had died from hunger injust 48 hours. aid groups fear the country could be headed for a full—blown famine. the bbc‘s tomi oladipo has the latest. somalia's drought continues to take
its toll on the most vulnerable. more and more children under five are suffering from malnutrition. but those that these health centre are the lucky ones. many others in central and southern somalia don't have access to these facilities. this baby is five months old but he waited nearly as much as a newborn. the frequent portions of milk he now receives should provide it energy at child his age needs. translation: the drought has led me here. i am his grandmother, not his mother. he is the firstborn of my daughter and she has died. some children are too frail to it and have lost their appetite. the situation has been worsening over the past six months. the un says 5 million people in somalia are in urgent need of food aid, further compounding the
challenges that somalia's new government faces. translation: i have been told 110 have been killed today by drought. especially in the bay region. i have also been told that severe drought is also existing in many areas of the country and the drought has now affected half of the population. with an already existing security crisis, somalia is struggling to progress and 110w crisis, somalia is struggling to progress and now its government and its children are looking to the outside world for a lifeline. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: remembering those who perished on the herald free enterprise. britain's west disaster at the since the sinking of the titanic. first, the plates slid gently off the restaurant tables. then suddenly the tables, the chairs and people crashed sideways and downwards and it was a matter of seconds as the ferry lurched onto her side. the hydrogen bomb on a
remote pacific atoll. the americans had successfully tested a weapon whose explosive force dwarfed that of the bomb dropped on hiroshima. i had heard the news earlier and so my heart went bang and bang. the constitutional rights of these marchers have their rights as citizens of the united states and they should be protected even in the right to test them out so they don't get their heads broken and are sent to hospital. this religious controversy, i know you don't want to say too much about it, but does it worry you it's going to boil up when you get to the stage? well, it worries me, yeah. i hope everything will be all right in the end of the day. this is bbc news. the latest headline:
president trump has signed a revised travel ban against six mainly muslim countries, with some of the contentious aspects of the old order removed. let's get more on the new travel ban executive order signed by donald trump. earlier i spoke to former republican congressman bob walker. he was a top advisor to president trump during the election campaign. i put to him that the new executive order will still leave many people unhappy. ireland not certain i agree with you that it will make lots of people unhappy. some people will be happy asa unhappy. some people will be happy as a result. we have people in this country who want open borders and i do not think that is something most of the american people want and i think this order will more than likely be acceptable to a vast number of the american people. and yet it is still going to be challenged, clearly. it was driven
bya challenged, clearly. it was driven by a muslim ban. rudy giuliani said on tv that it was tried to find a form for it. stephen miller said it would have the same basic policy outcome. not that much is different. this is not aimed atjust muslims. it is aimed at six countries that we have reason to believe that they do not adequately clear people to assure they are safe. this applies to everyone, not just assure they are safe. this applies to everyone, notjust muslims and the fact is, as your leading peace indicated, the attorney general said today there are about 300 people in the refugee programme now under investigation for terrorist activities. this is something that is temporary in nature—120 days — the fact is we will tighten up our processes and have a better immigration system as a result. you
may know in a0 years, there has been no fatal terrorist attack on us soil by nationals of any of these six countries. none of the 9011 attackers would have been kept out. one of the 11 people that attacked paris would have been kept out. there is a gun violence and this feels like a priority? sure, we have a problem in some of our cities where they are not dealing with gang activities but the fact is that the american people feel strongly that the refugee programme has the potential to bring people in. we know now that in other countries that they have been terrorists among the refugees that have come in and we know there are training camps that are training even young kids to
come in as part of the refugee programme and cause problems. i think the united states is acting in a way that ensures we have the strongest possible efforts to reach homeland security. 30 years ago, 193 people died when a cross—channel ferry heading for dover capsized outside the belgian port of zeebrugge. it was britain's worst peacetime disaster at sea, since the sinking of the titanic. the herald of free enterprise got into difficulties within minutes of setting sail, because the crew had failed to close the ferry doors. ceremonies and services have been held in south—east england and in belgium, involving survivors, rescuers, and families of victims. our correspondent duncan kennedy reports. in the choppy waters of the north sea, not far from where the herald went down, the residents of belgium reached out to the people of britain in the day's first act of remembrance. it was 30 years ago tonight, the herald of free enterprise capsized just outside
zeebrugge harbour. a crew member had left the bow doors open and water surged in. she tookjust 90 seconds to roll over. a cross—channel sailing became a mid—channel disaster. archive: below there was chaos, people clawing and fighting their way up, injured and freezing cold... in the grim night of horror and loss that followed, 193 people died — day—trippers, lorry drivers, crew. all the lights went out. it was completely pitch black dark. we could hear the rush of water. brian gibbons used his watch to tap on water pipes to alert rescuers. seven hours later they came. with the screams and the shouts and everything else, unfortunately some people didn't make it and the reason i'm talking to you today is, i think, people need to know
what happened because of the 193 that didn't make it... sorry, it gets me a bit... three decades on, the legacy of the herald's loss is its capacity to fill a church with family and friends. peter martin... 193 victims. catherine mason... 193 names read out. among them the aunt and uncle of kim spooner, then an 8—year—old girl but still able to recall her family's night of anguish. oh, my goodness, i remember it so vividly. i didn't really process what it meant at the time, to be honest. but sitting up all night waiting to hear them call, waiting, hoping they would get in touch and it didn't happen. to the lasting regret of kim and many families no one was ever prosecuted for the herald disaster. but the impact was so great, entire fleets of ships
were redesigned to make them more stable. today the herald's salvaged bell was finally returned to the harbour that she had set sail for but never reached. duncan kennedy, bbc news, in dover. the chinese government has declared its aim of making the skies blue again by tackling the country's air pollution crisis. the authorities want to reduce reliance on coal, and invest billions in renewable energy. and they're targeting emissions from cars, which add to the smog hanging over major cities, by encouraging the use of greener vehicles. as part of a bbc series on tackling air pollution, our china editor carrie gracie reports from beijing. everything in china is on a massive scale, the problems and the solutions. cars are to blame for about a third of china's air pollution, so it is scrapping the worst offenders. but this ritual in the wreckers'
yard is a losing battle against 30 million new cars taking to the roads this year. if these people want clean air, then, from transport, to heating and lifestyle, they have to change their behaviour. china has to kick its addiction to fossil fuels. for this beijing couple, the morning commute is a his—and—hers divide. he is part of the problem, and she is part of the solution. meet little blue. harmful emissions — zero. to beat the petrol heads, china subsidises electric vehicles and makes them much easier to license. on smoggy days, little blue does not face restrictions, like other cars, and she is proud to do her bit for clean air.
translation: we all have to live in the city, and the pollution is terrible for our health and for beijing's image. but driving little blue, i don't have to feel guilty, even on smoggy days. i tell my friends they should get one, too. gathering winter fuel. to beat the smog, all the villages surrounding beijing have banned the burning of coal. and this 70—year—old farmer is forced back to the old ways. the fire heats their brick bed. the government did give them an electric heater, but on their pensions, they cannot afford to switch it on much. winters are sub—zero here, but he tells me he is more worried about his electricity bill than about the cold or the smog. he is wearing thick
layers of longjohns. beijing can clean the air when it wants to, like now, for the annual session of its rubber—stamp parliament. but it cannot do it for long, because despite the push for cleaner vehicles and cleaner heating, the chinese economy is still fuelled by coal. and, in the one—party state, there is little the public can do to force the politicians here to deliver air fit to breathe. carrie gracie, bbc news, beijing. thai surgeons had to perform emergency surgery on a turtle after they discovered it had eaten nearly 1000 coins. the operation on the sea turtle, which was kept at a conservation centre east of bangkok, is thought to have been the first of it's kind and could have saved her life. caroline davies reports. the next time you through a coin into waterfor luck, take a look at who you might be throwing it at. this turtle was found floating
strangely in her pond. vets weren't sure what was wrong until they carried out a 3—d scan and found this — a pile of all the coins she had eaten, sitting in her stomach. it was so large, it wasn't only stopping herfrom swimming properly but had cause of the underside of her shell to crack. translation: this is a female turtle that weighs about 59 kilograms and the coins, all together, weigh 5 kilograms, which accounts for about 10% of her weight. the 25—year—old turtle and eaten a total of 915 coins, in several currencies. vets worked for seven hours to remove each one. throwing money onto turtles is thought to bring long life in thailand. the chief surgeon said she was upset when they discovered what had caused the turtle's pain. translation: when i found out, i felt angry that humans, whether or not they meant to do it
or if they did it without thinking, had caused harm to this turtle. the turtle is now recovering in hospital and it is hoped she will continue to live up to her nickname, omsin, which in thai means "piggy bank". caroline davies, bbc news. some all pictures we can show you from french crime in south america. the later stage of the european space shuttle known as nicholas has taken up. —— caprpenicus. hello, good morning.
the start of the week brought a mixture of sunshine and showers, but we were very close to some severe and potentially damaging weather. just across the way, in brittany, a gust approaching 120 mph. that area of low pressure brought us some rain in the south—west and the channel islands, and is running away across europe rapidly now, to bring more some snow to the alps, take some wetter weather across italy and to the adriatic, potentially bringing some damaging mistral winds to south—east france, and gusty winds into sardinia and corsica. here at home, things are very much quiter. the winds quite light, actually, and a lot of the showers that we had earlier on are beginning to fade away. so we will see clearer skies developing, and it will be turning into quite a chilly night. ground frost, i think, in many places, and in the countryside there may be a pinch of air frost as well. so a chilly start to tuesday morning, but a dry and bright one for the most part. the showers along those north sea coasts tending to pull away. and instead we look to the west to see increasing amounts of cloud coming our way, and eventually some outbreaks of rain
and drizzle, too. for most of the day, mainland scotland will be dry, but we will keep some showers going across the northern isles, towards lerwick, shetland in particular. and we will see the cloud increasing in scotland, ahead of this rain that arrives in northern ireland through the afternoon. it is mostly light and patchy. ahead of it, still dry across many central, northern and eastern parts of england. a decent enough day, the sunshine turning increasingly hazy as the cloud increases. and we will see some patchy rain coming into wales and the south—west of england as well. no great amounts during daylight hours. through the evening, the rain turns a bit heavier, and briefly we could see a bit of snow in the scottish mountains. but the rain across northern parts of the country doesn't last too long. it is further south across england and wales where the rain grinds to a halt a bit overnight. that wil keep the temperatures up, leading to some misty weather and some hill fog. clearer skies to the north, and it will be turning a touch chilly. some stronger winds in the far north—west of scotland, perhaps, and a milder wind blowing across southern parts of england and wales, where we are more likely
to keep some drizzly rain going through the day. a lot of cloud across much of wales, south midlands, southern england. so a bit of a damp and dreary sort of day, but decent temperatures. further north, though, it will be sunnier, and watch out for some heavy showers in the north—west later in the day in particular. that weather front does eventually take that rain and drizzle away from southernmost parts of england, and then it comes back in again from off the atlantic towards the south—west of england, so here we will see some rain arriving on thursday. brighter day for many other areas. a little sunshine, a few blustery old showers across northern parts of scotland. decent temperatures, and staying mild and cloudy on friday. the headlines on bbc news: president trump has finally signed his replacement executive order on immigration. it re—imposes 90 days of travel restrictions on six muslim—majority nations. but the new order omits iraq, and removes an indefinite ban on syrian refugees. leaders from france's main centre—right party have backed francois fillon as their candidate in next month's presidential election, despite his
hugely troubled campaign. he is accused of misusing public funds, but his party colleagues have unanimously renewed their support. the chinese government has claimed it will make the skies blue again, by tackling the country's air pollution crisis. authorities want to reduce reliance on coal and invest billions in renewable energy, and they are targeting emissions from cars, which add to the smog over major cities, by encouraging greener vehicles. coming up next, reporters.