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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  March 28, 2017 9:00pm-9:31pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. in the past few minutes, donald trump has signed a new executive order. rolling back a raft of obama's climate change policies including restrictions on coal—fired power stations. the today's executive action i take historic steps to lift the restrictions on american energy, to reverse government intrusion and to canceljob reverse government intrusion and to cancel job killing regulations. theresa may will trigger article 52 formally trigger the brexit posed cess. scotland voted for a second independence referendum. the people of scotland must also have their say. scotland's future should be in scotland's hands. the un has called for an urgent review of us—led coalition tactics as hundreds of civilians are killed in the effort to retake mosul. jeremy bowen is on the frontline with iraqi and us—led coalition troops. they have to convince the iraqi people that what they are doing here is justified and flattening the city and killing a lot of civilians wil not do thatjob. whether you are watching in the uk
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oi’ whether you are watching in the uk or elsewhere on bbc world news, you are welcome to get in touch. the contact details on screen throughout. donald trump has begun the dismantling of some of america's most high profile climate change policies. he's been explaining why. the miners told me about the tax on theirjobs and livelihoods. they told me about the efforts to shut down their minds, the communities and the very way of life. —— minds. i made on this promise. we will put miners back to work. we have already
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eliminated a devastating anti—cult regulation but that was just the beginning. today i'm taking bold action to follow through on that promise. my administration is going to put an end to the war on coal, we will have clean coal, really clean coal. with the executive action today i'm taking historic steps to lift restrictions on american energy, to reverse government intrusion and to canceljob killing regulations. mr trump has decided the us environmental protection agency will have its budget slashed. its former director has come out and condemned this saying this is just not dangerous but embarrassing to us and our businesses on a global scale to be dismissing opportunities for new technologies, economic growth and us leadership. the obama
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administration would disagree. here's environment correspondent matt mcgrath‘s analysis. there is a big philosophical change, they are redefining what they think of the environment. according to these officials the environment is aboutairand these officials the environment is about air and water. it's not about climate change. they are removing thatis climate change. they are removing that is an element. president obama put climate change at the heart of every policy from national security to housing. officials in the government had to consider the impact on climate change, all of that stops right now. very bullish saying i help to cut the deal in paris, this doesn't change a thing? you would expect her to say that. many in the international community are holding back and they want to see what happens here. it's notjust a stroke of the pen that there will be court fight over this that could drag on for years. it could go on past the presidency and many environmentalists are counting on that. countries are going to hold their powder dry for the time being
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and see if this happens and then deal with it. the key thing for them is that the united states is still in the paris deal. we heard from the white house that they believe the executive order will restore thousands of jobs executive order will restore thousands ofjobs to coal—mining communities. the big question is will that happen. we have this report from pennsylvania. the coal mine here closed more than the year ago. hundreds of well—paid miners we re ago. hundreds of well—paid miners were laid off. rightly or wrongly, many blame the policies of the last government. whether houses, trucks, cars, incomes, losing houses, it's a big impact. if it was up to me every coal miner would be working because the fact is we have been mining coal for over 200 years. but the guys back to work. do you think it will happen? i believe it is. nearly 70%
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of people here in a traditionally democratic county voted trump in the election. the fact he said he would reverse obama policies on carbon emissions to bring back mining jobs was key. president obama said he was introducing these regulations to curb the reliance on coal because of concerns over climate change. this government is more dismissive towards global warming which is something that is alarming environmentalists and it has promised to reopen coal mines is anyone's element. as well as overturning rules to stop offering new government leases for coal mines, donald trump plans to cut funding for america's environmental protection agency by around one third. the man he appointed to head the organisation says he is not even sure human activity affects climate change. but is all of this going to bring backjobs? change. but is all of this going to bring back jobs? trump change. but is all of this going to bring backjobs? trump said many
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times i love coal miners, i love coal mines, i love coal, we're going to bring back coal. this is the livelihood of this county. a lot of people, a lot of my friends so they believed it. i personally don't. i don't know how you bring back coal. many mines shut down because of economics, there were cheaper ways of producing energy. if thejobs don't return after hopes of been raised then people here might one day feel all that has really happened is a distraction from truly modernising american industry and a devastating setback in the fight against climate change. scotland's parliament has voted to demand a new independence referendum. there was a vote in 2014. 55% of voters chose to stay in the uk. what's changed is brexit. the majority of scots voted to remain in the eu. here's are both sides
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of the argument being made today — beginning with the first minister. my my argument is simply this, when the nature of the change that is made inevitable by brexit becomes clear, that change should not be imposed upon us, that change should not be imposed upon us, we that change should not be imposed upon us, we should have the right to decide the nature of that change. the people of scotland should have the right to choose between brexit, possibly a hard brexit or becoming an independent country able to chart oui’ an independent country able to chart our own course creating an independent country able to chart oui’ own course creating a an independent country able to chart our own course creating a true partnership of equals across the islands. the first minister says that she wants the uk to get a good brexit deal. but no matter how good it is, she still wants to push
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independence anyway. whereas our view and the view of the uk government remains this. at a time of enormous uncertainty when it is only three years since the last fight and we were told it would be wanting a generation. that the decision would be respected by both sides that there would be no rerun without overwhelming changing public opinion and that the people in scotland have the right to see the process play out, they need to sit operating and working in practice and at the moment we should be pulling together not apart. this is the uk governments response. now is not the time for another referendum. nothing has been said in the scottish parliament which takes away from the fact that a referendum during the brexit process would be unfairon the during the brexit process would be unfair on the people of scotland. people wouldn't know what they were judging on the continuing relationship with the european union as part of the uk. scotland says yes. westminster says no. here's the bbc‘s scotland editor sarah smith on what happens next. well it sets up an unprecedented
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constitutional struggle between the scottish government and the uk government, between nicola sturgeon and theresa may, what will happen next is that the first minister will now send a letter because that vote gave her the parliamentary authority to do so, she will send a letter to number ten requesting another referendum on scottish independence but we know what the prime minister will say. she will say it now is not the time to be talking about that because the uk government and the country needs to concentrate on the brexit negotiations. this has not happened before. a stand—off like this between edinburgh and london. it has or has been considered very risky for the westminster government to tell scotland that it cannot have an independence referendum, the received wisdom for years is that if they were to do that they might antagonise scottish voters and build
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support as a result. the uk government they are banking on the fa ct government they are banking on the fact that a lot of people in scotla nd fact that a lot of people in scotland don't want another referendum. they simply will not talk about the timing of another referendum for another two years until the uk has left. referendum for another two years untilthe uk has left. let's referendum for another two years until the uk has left. let's pick up on that point about public opinion. we broadcasted just before the brexit vote and all the analyst told us brexit vote and all the analyst told us there would be no way the snp would go for a second referendum u nless would go for a second referendum unless it was locked down. the polls are split about 50—50 inasmuch as we can trust opinion polls any more. about 5050 yes, no. also whether what people want another referendum oi’ what people want another referendum or don't. by and large people who wa nt or don't. by and large people who wantan or don't. by and large people who want an independent scotland do want have another independence referendum. the question is whether
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this will shift over the next couple of years. they say it doesn't look terribly attractive and maybe they will be better off fighting for independence or will the sense of insecurity that surrounds the huge change that will come as the uk exits the european union make people think that they have to wait to take a decision about the future of scotland. there will be extensive coverage of theresa may triggering article 50 and the process of exit. there were then enter the two—year period of negotiation and the eu will leave the eu by the end of march 2019. —— the uk will leave. we are expecting the union to respond to the letter but we're not sure when the response will come.
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will have extensive coverage here and on bbc television and on the bbc news app and the bbc news website. stay with us — in a couple of minutes we'll take a look at these aeriel photos of three newly completed chinese military installations in the south china sea and we'll speak to the us thinktank that released them. attacking islamic state positions that civilians are losing their lives. the formal go—ahead for the uk to leave the eu will happen tomorrow. theresa may will trigger article 50 of the lisbon treaty. we have more details about the choreography of the official start of this two—year process leading to brexit. it's not going to be a debate that triggers article 50, it won't be a statement
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that would do it, it's going to be a letter that has been personally signed by theresa may in ink and it will be taken by our man in brussels, he will march down the corridor and hand it over to officials there. it will only be when donald tusk received that letter that article 50 will have been triggered. we live in bbc newsroom. president trump signed an executive order rolling back the efforts to combat climate change. let's bring you some main stories. in germany and investigation has been opened into suspected of spying by the turkish government on turks living in germany. china has ended a blanket
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ban imposed on brazilian meat imports. the ban was imposed after investigators accused meat processing companies of using chemicals to hide the smell of rotting meat. that's on bbc chinese. efforts continue to retake mosul from the islamic state group. jeremy bowen is there. there is an alternative to this very difficult costly street fighting. and that is to call an air strike in and level the neighbourhood. but there is another issue. it is a question of trying to win the political battle. it is notjust a question of how many of how many men
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they kill. they have to convince the people that what doing justified. there's mosul in the north of iraq. the latest government offensive has taken ground — expanding the area marked green. that area has been getting bigger and bigger. the reddish area is area by the islamic state and is getting smaller because of the support. but it's come at a cost. the un says over 300 civilians have been killed since february. and it wants the us—led coalition and the government to review its tactics. this is a un statement earlier. bodies continue to be found in buildings where civilians were
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reportedly held by isis as human shields. and were subsequently killed by air strikes and the international coalition forces. as well as by improvised explosive devices planted in the same buildings by isis. numerous other civilians have been killed by shelling and have been gunned down by it shelling and have been gunned down byiti shelling and have been gunned down by it i sought snipers as they tried to flee. the high commissioner is welcoming the announcement by the security forces and international coalition. this is amnesty international today. you can find a report on there. "evidence gathered on the ground in east mosul points to an alarming pattern of us—led coalition airstrikes which have destroyed whole houses with entire families inside." the coalition says it's taking reasonable precautions. one of the most serious incidents happened on march 17.
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reports suggest at least 100 people died. who's to blame though is complicated. here's bbc arabic‘s hadya al—alawi. their investigations about what happened on that day but it came back and said there have been air strikes on that area but they are not sure if that is what course of civilian deaths. we have to look at this from a certain view, i as we have heard are taking people into their homes that are keeping them as shields. the government is at a point now where it has two attack these homes because that is where these homes because that is where the fighters are hiding and it's not the fighters are hiding and it's not the case of that in all of it but thatis the case of that in all of it but that is where most of the civilian losses are happening. they are using
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these homes and mosques as shields. they can lead the government to them and they are attacking them. now we have seen the fight stagnate in the last couple of weeks and i think the reason is because the government was being very cautious about the fact there are civilians here and they are guaranteeing lives. not much is change. several hundred people floss license february, has there been a change in approach? the fighting has intensified in the last week at least i can say. the reason is because the fight has moved from the outskirts of the city to the centre. this is always going to be a scenario that we were expected, the centre of the city has a lot of homes and it is a residential area so homes and it is a residential area so the reason why it is changing
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tactics because it needs to move in this battle. but go back to the least over donald trump signing the executive order aiming to dismantle regulation around some of the biggest industries such as coal oil and gas. let's try work out what that will mean in practical terms. is a mirror, how long will it take for this executive order to happen? immediately it could happen, coal companies that were on the brink of extinction because of obama regulations they will now breathe a sigh of relief. if you look at the really big energy companies, they are moving in the direction of renewable energy say things like wind power and solar power. it
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doesn't make that much sense for these big companies to then reversed back and concentrate efforts on coal. when you're talking about renewable energy, things like fracking, that has really given america a lot of its energy independence so if the idea is for the trump administration to bring backjobs, by bringing back old and that may not be the case. so presumably the president would like that to be in the case he might be in the market to offer sweetness to encourage these to invest for example? right and that certainly is something that could happen but it also does not mean that these companies. making investments in fracking. things have become quite lucrative in the last year. don't go where because we want to talk to about one other story. other
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industries. major investments by three michigan plans, cars companies backin three michigan plans, cars companies back in the us, jobs, jobs, jobs says the president. steve ratner advised barack says the president. steve ratner advised ba rack obama says the president. steve ratner advised barack obama in the motor industry while he was in power. i think somebodyjust popped to drink there. the big news ended up being only 130 jobs in michigan, they were announced in 2015, when will the president's misleading people he says. here is the headerfor talking to the bbc. as you know the cascading effect on the auto industry is prominent it is exciting there. all of our industries are
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happy when you make investments. a percent of sales are made here, we are the largest producer of vehicle so we are are the largest producer of vehicle so we are reproducing that manufacturing story. that's the headerfor speaking to manufacturing story. that's the header for speaking to the bbc. that qu bec is a mirror. first of all kenny klerk who is right here, is this a small announcement that we had back in 2015? it does seem to be new investments in two of the existing plants here in the us. so it seems they are beefing up some of that and then new investments in a data centre. if you take a step back and you look at it from the trump administration then this is an administration then this is an administration that campaigns are promised to bring back american jobs. just like we saw with the col announcement, we're seeing something
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similar by auto companies that they are bringing jobs back. it certainly allows the president to go on to twitter and social media to say i'm doing what i set out to do and bringing jobs back. when it comes to numbers you can question it. you can question it in terms of numbers, when it comes to numbers given where the industries of moment. one last point we should get into here is that whatever the president does, it's very hard to judge long—term economic policies in the first few weeks and months of a new administration? absolutely and so from the point of view of the administration we say we are making the right kinds of moves to allow morejobs and the right kinds of moves to allow more jobs and to allow the economy to flourish. remember one big thing that president trump has always said with regards to the economy is that regulations are really holding the
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country back from being able to really get on with growing the economy so part of this decision in terms of rolling back some of the obama administration with clean energy is taking away some of these regulations and he believes strongly that it will lead to more growth. thank you for explaining that will speak to tomorrow no doubt. let's go from the us to south africa. there is an awful lot of speculation around the finance minister. look at what that speculation has done to the random the last couple of days, it has slid by as much as 2% today. it also fell dramatically yesterday and all of the speculation was big enough that the finance minister actually pulled out on international trade trip. let's get more from johannesburg. the recall of gordon
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from a richer and the us really spooked markets because they could not understand why a president would do that. analyst talking to the media today have called it economic sabotage and a president who i quote is hell—bent on breaking south africa. all of it has really raised the sceptre of political risk in south africa. is not the economic fundamentals that are wrong, not the attractiveness of south africa as an investment destination but the politics that have started to cloud thejudgment of politics that have started to cloud the judgment of the leadership and investors do not like that. notjust investors do not like that. notjust investors but south africa start like that to. that is it for the south of outside source even a few moments time. the world of weather in the last few
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days has been a cyclone debbie that struck australia. the storms are pretty powerful but it is now losing its intensity. debbie came ashore very close to a town called ballon close to hamilton island where we registered the highest gust of 163 miles an hour. it is relatively small, of course the rainfall through wednesday and into thursday, that storm will be pushing further southwards. heavy rain to be covering a wider area and it is likely to be flooding in rivers with the remnants of the tropical storm.
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still some very bad weather to come across this part of australia over the next couple of days as this storm which made landfall here will be moving further southwards rough in that direction. meanwhile on the other side of the world we're talking about a storm in north america, this is a jet stream and quite often we see this dip in the jet stream here willsie warmth coming in from the south, in the course of tuesday to wednesday, tornadoes breaking out in texas from dallas to oklahoma city. if you don't get the tornadoes that at least vicious thunderstorms with frequent thunder and lightning. flooding is often what we get when we go across the monsoon. it'll be
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pre—monsoon or hate, the heat across india has been hot. hotter by six of 7 degrees. now it is getting closer and we are seeing a dose of spring in the middle part of the week, a lot of dry sunny weather across the bulk of the continent here with a big area of high pressure building. the southerly winds will keep persisting, the southeast will continue to climb five to 17. and we have the weather for the weekend. this coming up for the game. welcome to outside source. some of the main stories. donald trump signed a new executive order
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which will roll back row of the president obama's climate change policies. with today's executive action i am taking historic steps to lift the restrictions on american energy, reverse government intrusion and the cancelled job killing regulations. top democrats are calling for the man leading the trump rusher enquiry to step down. he was a key member of the trump transition team. it represents an area of conflict. theresa may will trigger article 50 tomorrow. today, the scottish
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