hello, this is breakfast, with christian fraser and sally nugent. north korea has said it's prepared to respond in kind to any nuclear attack from the united states. tens of thousands of soldiers and civilians have taken part in a huge military parade amid growing speculation that the country is preparing another nuclear test. good morning, it's saturday the 15th of april. also ahead: learner drivers will have to prove they can use a sat nav in new changes to the practical test. the sun has suspended its columnist, kelvin mackenzie, for expressing what the newspaper described as "wrong" and "unfunny" views about the people of liverpool. in sport — brighton take a giant stride towards the premier league.
the championship leaders win at wolves, and are now on the verge of promotion. it was definitely a challenge for me — i've been finding out how the team gb alpine skiers, are hoping to leave their opponents adrift. and philip has the weather. not a bad day in prospect for most parts of the british isles. can we keep it going by the rest of the holiday weekend? all the details in just a few minutes. good morning. first, our main story. north korea has warned that it's prepared to respond in kind to any nuclear attack. it comes amid growing tensions between pyongyang and the us. kim jong—un earlier oversaw a massive military parade to celebrate the anniversary of the birth of his grandfather, the country's founder. our correspondentjohn sudworth was there after being invited to witness the event. his movements are being monitored and tightly controlled but earlier we asked him to describe the scene with speculation high that another nuclear test could be imminent.
it is an extraordinary sight. you can actually feel the ground shake as thousands upon thousands of goose—stepping soldiers, tanks, rockets, other weaponry, have marched and rumbled their way through the capital city. this is a display of unity for the young north korean leader. it's meant to send a key message on the anniversary of his grandfather's birth that his grip on power is unassailable. but as donald trump threatens to thwart his nuclear ambitions, it also sends a message to the outside world that this country's military with its nuclear tests and missile launchers is vital for its survival. military analysts will be poring over these pictures for evidence of the latest state of technological advancement of these forces. there is that speculation that it may be preparing
for another underground nuclear test. at the moment, we have absolutely no contact with the outside world other than this tv line we are speaking on. all our mobile phones were taken away from us about five or six hours ago, with before being allowed here into kim il—sung square. i think it is probably unlikely we will see a test today, but kimjong—un is making it absolutely clear that he is not prepared to negotiate away his nuclear weapons while being threatened and challenged by the united states. experts believe that with missiles with weaponry like this, they are just a few small steps away from having a real deliverable nuclear arson.
of course, once they reach that stage, it is a game changer in terms of the regional security situation and the global international diplomatic calculation about what can be done about north korea's military ambitions. it changes things for good. and the young man sitting up there in those stands has learnt that lessons from his father and grandfather before him. quite extraordinary with all that going around him and you only get one go of it. we'll be speaking to britain's former ambassador to north korea about the current tensions just after eight this morning. a british student who was stabbed to death on a tram injerusalem has been named as hannah bladon from burton—on—trent. the 20—year—old was studying in the city as part of an exchange programme with the university of birmingham. a palestinian man — thought to have a history of mental illness — has been arrested over the attack. police in sheffield are investigating the unexplained
deaths of three men and a women in the barnsley area in one day, which they believe might be linked to heroin use. they're trying to find out if the deaths were caused by the strength and content of the drug being used locally. driving tests are getting an mot in order to better reflect the demands of modern motoring. from december, learner drivers will no longer have to tackle some traditional manoeuvres, but will instead be expected to demonstrate new skills — such as using a sat nav safely. judith moritz has the details. every motorist has been through it. the right of passage of taking a driving test but in future, learners will be challenged on a new things. the first test was taken in 193a —— i9 35. today's drivers are used to a different experience. more than half use satnav and so the test has been updated to reflect that. continuing to follow the signs... i went for a
drive with a man who helped develop the new test. drivers will have to follow satnav directions. if we can incorporate it into the test, that will get people more familiar with dealing with that level of destruction as well which we know is one of the biggest causes of accidents in the first six months with new drivers. learners will also be asked to show that they can cope with real life scenarios such as parking with a day. we are often taking people down into housing estates where they would be reversing around a corner and perhaps using up after test doing these set piece manoeuvres. the whole point is to change all of that, to get people greater experience of roads. the test has been trialled in some areas and will been trialled in some areas and will be the —— introduced to everyone at the end of the year. candidates will be asked to drive independently for longer but the cost and length of the exam will stay the same as no doubt will the nerves of those going through the process.
the sun columnist, kelvin mackenzie, has been suspended after he compared the intelligence of the everton footballer ross barkley to that of a gorilla. the mayor of liverpool, joe anderson, reported him to merseyside police for what he called "racial slurs". caroline rigby has more. it was this column published yesterday which have think all the mackenzie suspended from the sun. the story was about ross berkely who was punched in a liverpool bar. his grandfather was born in nigeria and he was compare to a gorilla. mr mackenzie also wrote that men with similar pay packets in liverpool we re similar pay packets in liverpool were drug dealers. when i see the picture of ross barkley alongside a gorilla... i think that was totally racist and it offended me. i'm sure it offended ross barkley and his family and lots of other people. that's why i have reported it to the
police. i'm not reporting it to the police. i'm not reporting it to the police as a gimmick, i'm reporting it to the police because i felt and do feel that it was a racial attacker on an individual. merseyside police are now investigating whether the comments constitute a racial hate crime. in a statement the sun's head apologised and said the paper was unaware of ross ba rkley‘s and said the paper was unaware of ross barkley‘s heritage. and said the paper was unaware of ross barkley‘s heritage. kelvin mackenzie said it was beyond parody to describe him as racist. almost a fifth of parents are being asked to make a financial contribution to their child's school, according to a survey by the nasuwt union. it comes as school leaders and teachers have voiced concerns about growing funding pressures in england's state schools. the government says school spending is at a record high. now, to what's become a sticky subject for some councils. the removal of discarded chewing gum from streets costs local authorities as much as 60 million a year. so the local government association is calling on manufacturers to do more
to help tackle the problem. franky mccamley reports. in attractive packaging, it is a sta ple in attractive packaging, it is a staple on the shelves in that most shops and supermarkets but once the chewing some leave the store and makes it way onto the high street, that's when it becomes an unattractive problem. councils in england and wales are now calling on the manufacturers to contribute to the manufacturers to contribute to the huge bills they faced a clean it up. we have over a number of years after the industry to try and find a solution using the chemistry and signs that they have at their disposal. they have been really slow to act and this is another call to say, actually, this is £60 million a year that councils are spending to clear up their product and it could be better spent on other services to the public. the call comes after one charity found almost every main
shopping street in the country is sustained by gum. along with around two thirds of all roads and pavements. and here on one of britain's's busiest high streets, oxford street in london. it's not difficult to spot chewing gum stuck to the floor and is not surprising considering it only cost us are around 3p per piece. however council say it cost 50 times that to remove it. at £1 50, the square metre of pavement. it is estimated that it would allow local authorities to fill more than 1 million potholes that the message is drop it into being, not the floor. competitors in england who take part in weekend fun runs will no longer be charged, under new rules proposed by the government. the changes would make it illegal for councils to charge parkrun, whose events aim to encourage people to exercise. nasa scientists have released new global maps of the earth at night — which they say give us the clearest view yet of the patterns of human
settlement across our planet. it's all racing europe that looks busy on these things. —— it's always. the maps are created by stitching together thousands of cloud free satellite images, taken over many months. sarah corker has been taking a closer look. that's what it would look like if it was cloud free. let's look at the front pages of the papers. lots of them are leading on the same story. we'll bring you the front page of the daily mirror first. really quite scary headlines today, i would say. we are used to some fairly significant events over the last several months but here we have daily mirror saying we are on
the brink of nuclear war. north dictator kim jong—un vows to blitz us forces if trump launches a missile strike on him. we had our correspondencejohn sudworth a short time ago. the military parade that has been happening injohn yang. we have pictures of this and people would be closely monitoring the parade itself to see where they are up parade itself to see where they are up to with their development —— pyongyang. there are new weapons at the end of the parade which we will get into a little bit later. the times have similar story. they say that president trump is looking at a range of options. of course, there is that at all group which is on its way to the korean peninsula at the moment. there are reports from the associated press this morning that they are looking at more pressure, perhaps more sanctions as well as negotiations. so we will see. china stepping in, urging both united states and north korea to not take this any further. beijing is saying
there is no winner in any potential conflict and of course, as we were hearing and as we have reported already this morning on the programme, there is the possibility that they may be some kind of nuclear test, potentially carried out today. a story under front of the mail which we will look at later. drivers might —— must use the satnav to pass their new test. instead of looking solely at roadsides, don't stop looking at them but you will also have to look at satnav on the dashboard. modernising the driving test. can you hold that at one time? that is actually is that prince george's face but it's not really a picture of him. they have mocked up how he will look in his call uniform. a cgi prince george. i almost lost past that as if it is normal. i don't know why they have done that. start school, he doesn't start school till september. a great picture here on the daily telegraph as well. this is
duncan rennie on his way to a rehearsal for the duncan rennie on his way to a rehearsalfor the edinburgh duncan rennie on his way to a rehearsal for the edinburgh is duncan rennie on his way to a rehearsalfor the edinburgh is to play. he didn't want to be late so he used his scooter. there were some double takes as he flew by. good picture. you are watching breakfast from bbc news. the main stories this morning: north korea has staged a huge military parade, as it warns it will retaliate if it is attacked by the united states. the driving test is getting a major overhaul, with people now being expected to safely use sat nav, and park in a bay. and you will not have to do that reverse around the corner thing any more. thank goodness, lots of people will say. here is philip with a look at this morning's weather. and you have some easter bunnies.
let's not be upstaged by the first graphic i show you, please! they like a bit of warmth on their backs, and so do you, no doubt, but i'm afraid that is not the way the easter weekend is shaping up. on the cool side. there will be some sunny spells but there will be some rain for some in the forecast as well. for some of you that could well be welcome. this is how it shapes up in the next few hours or so. wash out if you are off to the scottish mountains because a different kettle of fish here. as soon as you get a pie, the winds will be a real feature. there could be some wintry showers, and the windchill quite noticeable. the showers are there to be had across scotland and northern ireland, north of england, maybe the north of wales as well. the odd one coming towards the south—west. a lot of dry weather in central and eastern parts of the british isles. that winds a real feature, and the north—westerly breeze a real feature. less of it as we drift away towards the south. overall it is not a bad day. there is that scattering
of showers to speak of but many of you could well see dry and those temperatures are solidly where they have been for so many days now. forget all about last weekend, that was a complete aberration, some of you getting to 25 degrees or so. here we go overnight. the skies may clear for a here we go overnight. the skies may clearfor a time, the here we go overnight. the skies may clear for a time, the temperatures could well do away for a while, but we arejust keeping could well do away for a while, but we are just keeping an eye on this area of cloud and rain. i said there was rain in the forecast, it will be there for northern ireland and there is no disguising the fact that whatever i say about is today, it comes with a bit of a caveat as i am not sure how far north that rain goes through a time. it could get to the central belt and then drift away, and the southern extent a little bit of uncertainty as well. i'm sure some of that will be quite welcome for the gardens because the ground is bone dry in some places but it moves through so i don't think it is a brighterfor but it moves through so i don't think it is a brighter for everybody for the whole of the day. those temperatures about eight to 16. if you have a plan for easter monday,
the thing to notice is this wind will be a feature down the east coast. a scattering of showers again, whata coast. a scattering of showers again, what a cool sort of direction and a word to the wise to gardeners, there will be some cold nights to come in the forthcoming week. overall i don't think it is too bad. sounds chilly. not whether for bluebells. we will be talking about them later. they are not coming out as quickly as they did last year. are they britain's favourite wildflower? they may be. and i discovered there is a spanish variety overtaking the english variety. we learn a new thing. in a few moments on breakfast, we will bring you the new headlines. but now, it is time for the film review, with simon mccoy and james king. hello and welcome to the film review on bbc news. to take us through this week's cinema releases is james king.
what do we have this week? first up, fast cars and tight t—shirts. it is the return of vin diesel in the fast and the furious 8. from the ridiculous to the sublime, park chan—wook‘s glamorous and amorous the handmaiden. and broadbent and rampling re—live their teenage years in the pensieve the sense of an ending. so fast & furious 8. have you seen the other seven? a couple. so we are onto number eight but still an impressive cast? impressive cast, impressive box office returns. this is such a huge franchise, this one will be huge. the interesting thing about the franchise is where they go with it. they have to give audiences what they want, which generally speaking are the big action scenes which is the car chases. the big point of difference this time round, is that vin diesel who plays dominic toretto, the lead character has gone rogue. he has gone to the dark side. he is hooked up with a superb
criminal called cipher played by charlize theron, who is a hacker extroadinaire. he is playing the bad guy again. we have a clip of them. this is what vin diesel does for most of the movie which is looked puzzled. here he is. let me ask you something, dom, what is the best thing in life? family. no, it is not. not if you are being honest. it is the ten seconds between start and finish when you're not thinking about anything, no family, no obligations, just you, being free. i got to tell you, this whole saving the world, robin hood nonsense you have been doing recently, it is not you. be who you are. why live only a quarter of a mile at a time when you can
live your whole life that way. i think we get a sense there. i'm just looking at the cast list, helen mirren? helen mirren playing jason statham's mum, who would have thought it? i don't think helen mirren ever thought it, judging by her performance! she is actually funny in it. it is a deliberately over the top cockney sparrow performance from her. jason statham provides the best moment of the film. it is a scene where he is fighting the bad guys on a plane, at the same time as trying to save a baby in a carrying cot, so he has to punch people one second and the next second look after the baby. it is like something jackie chan would have done. it is almost like ballet. it is an entertaining scene in the movie. a lot of it is car chases. that is fine, that is what people want. is it doing anything that different to the other ones? i am not sure. there is a formula and it is sticking closely to it.
what will number nine look like? i hope number nine will shock us. i hope it will take more risks. i enjoyed number eight, it did a good job but the problem i had is, it was occasionally treading water and i wanted more surprises. although this will be massive, i hope the next one will take more risks. let's talk about the handmaiden. this is a film you really like? this is great. it is inspired by the book fingersmith by sarah waters. there was a bbc adaptation of it. a victorian english setting. now it is directed by park chan—wook who is south korea's most respected film director. he has moved the action from victorian england to 1930s japanese—occupied korea. but the story is generally the same. a young girl from a criminal background goes to work for the lady of the manor but she is actually there to swindle her out of herfortune. unlike the book, it really relishes
the power of storytelling, in other words, it is the twists and the turns, it is the horror, the comedy, the romance, it throws everything into the mix and does it in a really luxurious and lush way. i want to call it a romp but that sounds throwaway and it is not. it is a costume drama? a costume drama but heartfelt. although it is fun to watch because there is so much going on, it is intelligent and heartfelt and tender. ultimately, it is a romance. it is a beautiful, tender love story. absolutely beautiful to watch, highly recommended. and a major twist? at least one? at least one. i had read the book so i knew the twists. the end of the handmaiden, the movie was different to fingersmith. even though i knew the twists, it was still a joy to watch. let's move on to the sense of an ending. another literary adaptation.
julian barnes wrote the book which won the booker prize. in 2011. now we have the movie with jim broadbent. he plays tony webster, who is semi retired and works in a camera shop. out of the blue he gets a letter saying the mother of his ex—girlfriend from when he was a teenager has died and he has been left something in her will. this gets him reminiscing and thinking back to his teenage years when he was at school and college and that girlfriend and her mother. in the present day, that ex—girlfriend is played by charlotte rampling so here isjim and charlotte getting to know one another again. let's take a look. are you married, itake it? not married. never? mysterious to a fault. i'm divorced, in case you were wondering. i wasn't, but i am sorry to hear that. on the contrary, very happily so.
the best decision we ever undertook. in fact, she recently accused me of having built a shrine to you, no less. a shop, when i told her that it was you who gave me my first leica. and what did you say? a remarkable cast. the only criticism i have read about the sense of an ending is a criticism of the ending! it is certainly a story that deals with quite subtle and nuanced arguments about memory and the past and subjectivity, so in a way it can never have a big punch of an ending. in a way, the ending had to be slightly anti—climactic, because that is sort of what it is about, but when you have performances like jim broadbent, charlotte rampling who does stern and mysterious better than anyone else, when you have that calibre of performers in a movie, however subtle and nuanced and slow the story is,
and it is slow, you are automatically drawn in. i liked that it dealt with quite abstract subjects. and it goes back to the ‘60s? that is an easy transition? it takes awhile to get to know the story if you have not read the book already, so it takes awhile to work where the penny will drop but for me that is part of the joy of the film that you have to work a bit to get into it. and with jim broadbent and charlotte rampling you will not go far wrong? jim broadbent is more of a curmudgeon in this movie but he does it row well. now, you have chosen raw. mark waxed lyrical about this. it is an arthouse cannibal movie. he would be upset if i did not mention it again this week! i really liked it. it does have an unwavering commitment to unsettling the audience. it is set in a veterinary college about a teenage girl who discovers her taste for flesh,
her taste for cannibalism, and it is genuinely creepy and weird. the lighting, the music, the performances, it has this sort of industrial brutalist backdrop and surreal moments, and it is not often with horror films you can say ijust haven't seen anything like it before, and it genuinely disturbed me. but raw did that and did it in a beautiful way. it is an elegant film. she starts as a vegetarian! she starts as a vegetarian but things happen at college which make her realise she is perhaps not quite as vegetarian as she thought. on the squeamish scale, it sounds like something, where would you pitch it in taste? that is the wrong phrase! it is squeamish because it is beautifully done. because of the elegance that
makes it more horrific. sometimes if it is straight out blood and guts slasher movie it is so in your face and there is nothing to it. when it is more subtle, that is actually creepier. let's move on, please! to dvd. this is sully, the story of the pilot who managed to land his plane on the hudson river. it is directed by clint eastwood. it was raved about at the time. and i will still rave about it. tom hanks stars as sully. although you expect it to be about the crash landing in 2009, it is in there, you see that, you experience that, but it also shows you what happened before. it also shows you sully afterwards. it shows you the investigation which happened afterwards. he has to prove that he did the right thing, that he is a hero, and of course tom hanks can do the everyday down—to—earth reasonable hero probably better than anyone else. so it is not perhaps the movie
you would expect but i think that makes it all the better, because it does delve a lot deeper. and it is that quiet unfussy... unfussy is a great word for it. clint eastwood does that very well. he brings movies in on budget and on time. he does the job intelligently and you see all of that in this movie. james, always a pleasure. thank you. james king there. that is it for this week, thanks for watching. goodbye. hello, this is breakfast with christian fraser and sally nugent. coming up before 7:00, philip will have the weather. but first, a summary of this morning's main news. north korea has warned it's prepared to respond in kind to any nuclear attack. it comes amid growing tensions between pyongyang and the us. in the last few hours, kim jong—un oversaw a massive military parade to celebrate
the anniversary of the birth of his grandfather, the country's founder. south korean military officials believe a new type of intercontinental ballistic missile was on display. a british student who was stabbed to death on a tram injerusalem has been named as hannah bladon from burton—on—trent. the 20—year—old was studying in the city as part of an exchange programme with the university of birmingham. a palestinian man — thought to have a history of mental illness — has been arrested over the attack. police in sheffield are investigating four unexplained deaths in the barnsley area which they think might be linked to heroin use. they're trying to find out if the deaths were caused by the strength and content of the drug being used locally. driving tests are getting an mot in order to better reflect the demands of modern motoring. from december, learner drivers will no longer have to tackle some traditional manoeuvres, but will instead be expected to demonstrate new skills — such as using a sat nav safely.
the sun columnist, kelvin mackenzie, has been suspended over an article in which he mocked the people of liverpool and compared the intelligence of everton footballer, ross barkley, to that of a gorilla. the sun has described the comments by its former editor as "wrong" and "unfunny". merseyside police are investigating whether the comments constitute a "racial hate crime". almost a fifth of parents are being asked to make a financial contribution to their child's school, according to a survey by the nasuwt union. it comes as school leaders and teachers have voiced concerns about growing funding pressures in england's state schools. the government says school spending is at a record high. chewing gum manufacturers are being urged to contribute to the cost of removing discarded gum from pavements. it's estimated local authorities spend as much as 60 million a year cleaning it up. the local government association says the industry should also switch to biodegradable products to help tackle the problem. nasa scientists have
released new global maps of the earth at night. they say it gives us the clearest view yet of the patterns of human settlement across our planet. the maps are created by stitching together thousands of cloud free satellite images, taken over many months. i think that is south africa down there in the light. europe is always lit up quite well. northern europe has a love of ——a lot of lights on at that point. those are the main stories this morning. and mike is here with all the sport. i saw and mike is here with all the sport. isawa and mike is here with all the sport. i saw a glow around brighton. are they partying all ready? say you are
a 10—year—old in the 80s and you get relegated, would you imagine then that you would now be 44 all these yea rs that you would now be 44 all these years later, you can start to dream? 20 years ago they didn't have a ground. they almost went out of the football league. it has been a long time coming. how emotional it must be now. it's been a journey to the edge of oblivion and back, but brighton are almost back in the big time, after there, two nil victory at wolves. both of brighton's goals came from championship player albion stay top, and will be be as good, as promoted, if they beat struggling wigan, in front of their own fans, on easter monday. it could be some party. meanwhile, second—placed newcastle were denied a victory, at home to leeds. they went ahead when jamaal lascelles header was deemed to have crossed the line. and they held on to that lead, until the fifth minute of injury time when chris wood snatched an equaliser. 1—1 it finished in front of more than 52 thousand at st james park, and leeds are up to fourth.
with premier league leaders chelsea, not playing until tomorrow, tottenham have the opportunity, to narrow the gap at the top, to four points. they host mid table bournemouth. with manager, mauricio pochettino, not letting his players think about the title race. i think it's important to try to be ready saturday. try to give our best and try to win and then, and then happened what happened in different games. it is true that can provide us games. it is true that can provide us the opportunity to close the gap. there are six other games in the premier league today, crystal palace host leicester with burnley off to everton. stoke face hull, and sunderland , ten points from safety at the bottom of the table, take on west ham. watford play swansea and the tea—time match is between southampton and manchester city. there was one game in the scottish premiership last night.
it finished goalless between kilmarnock and hearts. fifth placed hearts marginally had more of the game at rugby park , although kris boyd failed to make the most of this chance to win the match for killy. they're now six points from the danger zone. katie archibald, has won great britain's first gold, at the world track cycling championships, in hong kong, in the women's omnium. it's decided by the number of points you score, over four different events. the olympic gold—medallist, was second, going into the final event, which was the points race, and did enough to beat amy cure of australia to the gold medal. it's archibald's second world title, and herfirst individual gold — she was part of the victorious team pursuit squad three years ago in colombia. i feel ifeel in pain, primarily. yeah, i feel really privileged to pull it off in the end. that was an unbelievable antony —— grippy race.
ijust got back on in the end and pulled it out of the bag. castleford stay top of super league, after a convincing 112—24 victory, over local rivals wakefield. the tigers did the damage in the first half, scoring six trys including two for grant millington and two forjake webster. they remain a couple of points ahead of salford who beat leigh, and leeds who won at hull fc. elsewhere, wigan claimed a thrilling derby win over st helens, who played for 67 minutes with 12 men, after kyle amor, was red carded. liam marshall and his wing partnerjoe burgess, both scored twice as wigan won 29—18. exeter are joint top of rugby union's premiership, after a bonus point victory over play—off hopefuls harlequins. quins were hoping to squeeze into the last available play off place, but exeter‘s winning streak continued at the stoop. this wonderful effort from henry slade, wrapped up a 39—26 victory. in the pro12, it was pretty much,
one—way traffic as glasgow, beat zebre 45—10, to keep their top four hopes alive, despite effectively fielding a second team. they scored four, first half tries including this one by peter murchie. if you were asked to name, the world's top alpine skiing nations, you might suggest the likes of switzerland. or austria perhaps. you'd probably be less likely to pick britain though. but ten years ago, the sport's new performance director, dan hunt, transformed gb cycling — and he's now hoping to repeat that success at the winter olympics. so i went to the, delancey british championships in tignes, to find out how british skiing, is being brought in from the cold, led by one man in particular. the dawn of what many believe could
bea the dawn of what many believe could be a new era of british skiing and leading the way, on top of the world. he specialises in nestle lum and stunned the world this year by coming second in the world cup race in austria. following in his wake like many others, inspired by his success , like many others, inspired by his success, the first briton to make the podium. it was a life changing moment. they were going crazy for it in austria. obviously i am over the 1110011. in austria. obviously i am over the moon. to do it here like the wembley of alpine skiing, it was awesome. you started off at a dry slope in lancashire while still in primary school and really honed his skills
in this surface. it was several yea rs before in this surface. it was several years before he first raised on snow that has been tipped to winter olympics and world championship but it is only now that he is 30 that it has come right. a lot of hard work over the last three years. you have to work on the ranking in year after year and you get a better start number. this year, i was able to ta ke number. this year, i was able to take advantage of that and have little less pressure. on nestle lum, dave couldn't wait for me to show me that technique and what he goes through in a daily basis. —— slalom. get that poll in. now take it easy! did that go badly wrong? yes. we just have to get the pressure on the outside ski and a nice line. you ready? there you go. a natural now.
the feeling here at the british skiing championships is that dave ryding might be the beginning of a great new era of british skiing. especially now with a man who transferred —— transport cycling on board. we set an ambitious target to become one of the top five and the podium competitive by 2030. it feels similarto podium competitive by 2030. it feels similar to the background we started in cycling. a lot of ambition. gold medal. a huge momentum that british cycling had and we are starting to get. dave and 13's recent success has recently gone royal. prince edward attended the championships to help hand out the medals. there is a different feeling now. they are
managed to get themselves into better shape. on the men's side, it's a really big story. success for the slope stars at sochi, jenny jones of one a historic medal and got the ball rolling. more funding is needed and the sport as precarious as this, nothing can be taken for granted. the rest of the world a re taken for granted. the rest of the world are now aware that team gb and dave ryding are forced to be with. hopes are growing that he could win an olympic medal. the other thing they are doing in terms of funding is asking anybody who goes to a skiing holiday to fund £1 per person to help fund british hopes. i hope we see a bit more of you on the skis at it later in the programme. it is the world's most secretive nation, that has generated both fascination and fear since it was founded nearly 70 years ago. but as north korea prepares to mark the anniversary of the birth of its founding father,
china has warned that tensions have escalated so much, conflict could break out at any time. the us has also expressed serious concern. jean lee has reported on the republic for many years and joins us from seoul in south korea. you set up the bureau injohn young. iimagine you you set up the bureau injohn young. i imagine you have been to one or two of these parades. -- pyongyang. i have. as a watcher from outside, what are we looking for a mess parade? this is the biggest holiday of the year, april 15. it is the day that the founder of north korea kim il—sung was born 105 years ago. this year it is particularly significant. they love these big milestone birthdays. the 100th was massive, five years ago. again, the 105th,
these are the biggest holidays of these are the biggest holidays of the year, a chance to give the people something to celebrate. i have to say, all of this rhetoric that we are hearing plays into that. the north koreans are trained to believe that they are constantly under threat by an attack by the us. there is all this tension leading up to it and that is part of the rhetoric. they incorporate it and use it. everybody is looking at what kind of arsenal they are rolling out. they do tend to use this to show off their new missiles. it gives experts a closer look. did we see anything new today that would worry us? now, i am not a rocket expert that there are certainly people who have very detailed explanations of what they are seeing and how that is significant. certainly what we are seeing is this in use of a solid fuel rocket and
this is something that kim jong—un ordered his scientists to test not so ordered his scientists to test not so long ago. every single test, they are perfecting the technology and getting closer to their ultimate goal which is to get a hydrogen bomb and small enough to put on long—range ballistic missile which would be capable of striking the united states. you say that the people in north korea are taught that they are constantly under threat. if you breathe a british newspapers today, they are right to be worried because they are worried about the very real threat of an american strike. the day in north korea know about that? they do know about it. they are largely shut off from news from the outside world are most it is realised by their state beta —— relayed by their state media. this news has been relayed by their state media. it fits right into the rhetoric that they need for these big celebrations. they have
spoken out quite critically of the positioning of these aircraft carrier off the coast of korea. with fighterjetsjust carrier off the coast of korea. with fighter jets just poised to intercept or perhaps strike if there is any kind of provocation from north korea. they are very, very aware of all of the weaponry that is positioned around the korean peninsula. i was telling our viewers about the pressure thatjohn sudworth, our corresponded with there, would be under when he was doing his piece to camera with everything going behind him. they would have been people standing right next to him at watching what he was saying. you spent five years there. what sort of surveillance and attention did you come under when you were there? are certainly not like reporting from any other place in the world. john is on a government organised trip so it is very orchestrated and you have very little freedom. i have been on those trips as well. you
have very little say on what you are going to do. as he will tell you, very early calls although that is fairly standard for coverage of a national leader or president. that said, it is not like any place else. you need permission to go for a walk and you are very self—conscious while trying to provide the world with balanced and contextual reporting, when you realise they are looking at you very closely. that said, ithink looking at you very closely. that said, i think when you get away from some of these orchestrated propaganda events, that is when you really start to do some real reporting. thank you for being on the programme with us this morning. it is interesting, isn't it, how they report in north korea. and we will be showing more ofjohn‘s report later in the morning, that incredible piece to camera, as you say, with all the artillery. and we talk about it as if there is no threat, but of course rupert wingfield hayes was rounded up and spent some time in their company.
let's get some weather, shall we? hopefully some cheerier news in the weather. i do, hopefully some cheerier news in the weather. ido, but hopefully some cheerier news in the weather. i do, but! hopefully some cheerier news in the weather. i do, but i have removed the rabbits. i will not be upstaged all morning by a bunch of rodents! this is the way it is shaping up in the next few hours. 20 of showers and a chilly feel across scotland. some of those showers are really quite wintry over the highest ground. if you are off to the mountains, the windchill factor to be considered, and some snow. northern ireland, some sunny spells and showers, and some of those getting towards the top end of the pennines. wintry at the very highest levels. further south, essentially it isa levels. further south, essentially it is a dry picture. one ought to make showers to start off with across the south—west. the cloud may well fill in towards lunchtime across southern part so you may lose the sunshine and if you get the combination of the breeze and the lack of sun it will feel the chilly. despite the fact that the temperatures are pretty much where we have seen them in recent days. and all the while the wind probably at its strongest across northern
parts of scotland. through the evening if you are stepping out, one ought to make showers. many of you will stay dry but later in the night will stay dry but later in the night will fill in this cloud across northern ireland. that is the first signs of some wet weather for easter day. that is the temperature profile, so some of those temperatures just coming up a touch across the southern parts. this range area, i think there is something to be said about it, the northern extent and the southern extent still open to deal of uncertainty. but you get the sense that if you are anywhere through the heart of the british isles you are in with a chance of seeing some rain, at least for a while. you will notice that it does move through, so that perhaps is the one crumb of comfort if you end up with that rain for any length of time. i should say that some of you in the south will properly welcome a wee bit of rain, given how dry it conditions have been. if you have a plan for easter monday, here is the weather for you. a lot of dry weather again but the thing to note is the breeze is coming in from the north across the
british isles, and that its strongest across the eastern coast, where i think that will rattle in a few showers. and a word to the wise, off the back of that it will be a cold night, and that is the plan for the week. some pretty chilly nights. thank you, getting colder. the news coming up in a few moments here on breakfast. but first, it is time for click. we are now more surveilled than we have ever been. cities are covered in cctv cameras. authorities are gathering data on its citizens. it would be all too easy to confuse the real world with a sci—fi dystopia. mr marks, my mandate of the district of columbia pre—crime division. i'm placing you under arrest for the future murder of sarah marks and donald dubin, that was due to take place today, april 22, at 0800 hrs and four minutes. no, i didn't do anything.
in the movie minority report, the pre—crimes unit race to arrest would—be offenders before they have a chance to commit their crimes. now, they use psychics but it turns out, something similar is being attempted using big data. in chicago, where the violent crime rate has exploded, law enforcement has been forced to try out unconventional ideas to combat crime. authorities are attempting to combine various technologies in an effort to predict where and when violent crimes might occur. marc cieslak went to chicago to find out more. violent crime in chicago has seen a dramatic increase. radio: a 15-year-old male, shot in the neck. both shots fired at her. shots were almost indiscriminate. shots fired. we need a wagon with a body bag also. the drug industry is what helps them fuel the violence, by being able to pay for their activity. in 2016, 726 murders
were committed in the city, a 19—year high. that's more than the number of murders committed in new york and los angeles combined. chicago is a city most famously known as the windy city. more recently, it has earned a nickname that few residents are proud of, though. they are calling it chiraq. that's because gun crime is so extreme in some neighbourhoods, they are comparing them to war zones. the issue has received increasingly negative attention in the us, with president trump tweeting, "if chicago doesn't fix the horrible carnage going on, i will send in the feds". the response from chicago's police department is a new initiative, driven by technology, which aims to predict where crimes are likely to occur. the university of chicago's urban labs are assisting the police in its efforts to integrate this technology into its operations.
we have a lot of expertise in analysing crime patterns and trends in the city, from years of working with data on the city of chicago. and so we are leveraging that expertise to really help the police department think about where it should be allocating its resources to be most effective. so what kind of data or information is it that the police are providing you with here at the crime lab? we have a number of datasets that we work with from them, including data on crime patterns, actual crime incidents, arrests, victimisations. a number of different methods of analysis are used, including machine learning and predictive analytics. this is software which takes large volumes of data and tries to identify trends and patterns. these trends can then help predict where a crime might occur next. this is a heat map of
homicides in district 7. and we are looking at this year over year, from 2011 to 2016. and basically, what you see on the map is the darker the red, the more concentrated homicides were in a given area. what sort of factors are you finding are influencing crime in these particular neighbourhoods? yeah, so, most of the prediction that we're doing is space—based. so, yeah, it's locations that are nearby that are high—risk locations, like a 24—hour liquor store, a gas station, where people tend to congregate. the weather seems to be playing a very big role in the data. you know, we've just had a beautiful weekend and we just had significantly worse amount of shootings than we had previous weekends. the police are using these predictive tools to inform the deployment of officers and resources to areas where they think crimes are likely to occur. neighbourhoods in chicago's west and south side are some
of the city's most violent. it is these neighbourhoods which have been chosen to test the technology in a pilot scheme. we are just driving through chicago's south side now. now, this is one of the areas which has experienced the highest incidence of violent crime, mainly gun and drug related. to see how all of this different kit works, i'm on my way to a police station which acts as a command centre, bringing all of the technologies together. heading up the project is deputy chiefjonathan lewen of the chicago pd. so this is our strategic decision support center. so this is where you bring all of your different technologies together? it is. this is the first time that this level of technology integration has been done, not only here, i think, but around the country. so what can we see on the screens we have got around us? so, all around us are various sensor inputs, cameras, gunshot detection. the screen behind you is something called hunch lab, which is a geographic prediction tool that brings a lot of data into a model to predict risk
for future violence. so what you are seeing on these little boxes here are areas where the model is recommending that we deploy resources and implement strategies to fight some of the violence it is predicting. and then it is telling us that we should deploy resources, visit businesses, do foot patrol, various tactics. shot spotterjust very quickly triangulates possible gunshot events using acoustic sensors that are located throughout the district, and it shows the officer exactly where, accurate to within 25 yards, that gunshot event occurred. and you can actually play the audio of the gunshot event, which we'll do now. so here's an event with nine rounds fired. gunfire. and in this case, you can see the location is actually the back yard of a house, so that's going to be very accurate. so this is the decision support system, and this is where everything comes together in one place. it will soon be available in the hands of officers on smartphones.
so in this case, we are looking at a 911 call of a robbery thatjust occurred at 7600 south marchfield. there are four cameras within a 300 foot radius of that call. here is the real—time video from those cameras. these guys here, these are possible suspects, or... these are people that might possibly be involved ? potentially. how do we know that this is identifying the right people? we find that they are very accurate. we find when we test and measure them, that the model's recommendations, because we can backdate it, we can look at a known outcome period and see how it performs. and we know that it's picking the right people because we know that it is accurate. but does it make mistakes? of course. that's where the people come in. but some of this technology is proving to be controversial, especially this. it's called the strategic subjects list. where hunch lab is concerned with predicting crimes and locations, this list is concerned with predicting crimes and individual people. so this is a risk model. just like hunch lab is a place—based risk model, this is a person—based risk model that is looking
at variables such as arrest activity, so have you been arrested for a gun offence in the past? have you yourself been shot? so it's using some crime victim data. is your trend line in criminal activity increasing or decreasing? what was your age at the time you were last arrested? it is using those variables. nothing about race, nothing about gender, nothing about ethnicity. it is using objective measures to determine risk for a specific person. it's basically telling us that this person is 500 times more likely than a member of the general population to be involved in a shooting, either as a victim or an offender. so in here, we can see his affiliations, his gang affiliations. he's a gang member. we can see also his, is this his arrest record that we can see here? his arrest record. you can see that he has a weapons arrest. he was arrested here for aggravated battery. he strangled somebody. so here's a first—degree murder charge. here's another arrest, this is a narcotics arrest. so the score estimates how much more likely an individual is to be the victim or the perpetrator of a violent crime.
the police use this score to inform what they call intervention strategies. this is not designed to be a punitive tool. this is used to drive what we call a custom notification process, which is literally a site visit to this subject, to say, "you've come to our attention for these reasons. we want to get you out of the cycle of violence. we can offer you the following social services". maybe it'sjob training. maybe if they have children at home, it would be childcare services. "but also, if you don't leave the cycle of violence and you keep committing crimes, you're going to be subject to enhanced criminal penalties", because you're a repeat gun offender, for example. and can you see why, if police officers go and visit somebody out of the blue, it might seem like they are being victimised, for instance? everybody who has a risk score has committed a crime in the past. otherwise they wouldn't even be in the model. groups like the american civil liberties union, though, disagree. they aren't happy about the use of some of these technologies. the police showed us a database of people who have been involved in violent crime in the past,
and an algorithm which suggests if and when they might again be involved in a violent crime. they pay that person a visit. what's wrong with that? the police show up with... oftentimes in large numbers, along with a number of social service providers. but what they won't say is what social services are offering. is itjust them or is it their entire family? what is the success rate once that occurs? the fact is, is that most of the people who are charged for... you know, if you take two people who are arrested for a simple drug possession, if one is white and one is african—american, the african—american is far more likely to be charged, maybe even convicted. we have seen that there has been, you know, in essence, a "once convicted, always guilty" sort of theme that comes out of this list. while there might be disagreements about the use of this technology, everybody i spoke to had similar ideas about an ultimate solution to tackling violent crime in chicago. it's got to be every,
everybody that's a stakeholder in this coming together to solve the problem. what is really needed across this city is a commitment to community— based policing. i think a lot of it has to do with preventing, with healing, and creating a space where individuals can civically engage back into the community. and that's it for the short cut of this week's click. the full—length version has a really fascinating story about a bunch of geeks trekking across the arctic for charity. if you'd like to watch that, check out click on the iplayer right now. follow us on twitter at bbc click throughout the week. thanks for watching and we'll see you soon. hello, this is breakfast, with christian fraser and sally