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tv   Our World  BBC News  July 8, 2017 8:30pm-9:01pm BST

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temperatures between 1a in glasgow to 27 in london. monday starts off ona to 27 in london. monday starts off on a cloudy note. but sunshine brea ks on a cloudy note. but sunshine breaks through, one or two scattered showers and highs of 17 and 2a degrees. this is bbc news, the headlines: donald trump says he's hoping for a trade deal to be agreed "very quickly" with britain after brexit, as theresa may asks the president to reconsider withdrawing from the paris climate change agreement. like other world leaders here i am dismayed at the us decision to pull out of the paris agreement, and i've urged president trump to re—join the paris agreement. vladimir putin says he's established a working relationship with president trump, and reassured him that russia did not interfere in the us election. celebrations in mosul as iraqi forces say they‘ re close to completely recapturing the old city from islamic state militants. and tens of thousands of people march through the capital to celebrate pride and mark 50 years since homosexuality was decriminalised
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in england and wales. now it is time for our world. a flimsy, inflatable dinghy full of migrants is adrift in the open sea, around 30 miles from the libyan coast. they have no fuel, no water and no food. they have been detected by a spanish ngo. most of these migrants have never seen the ocean. they can't swim. after hours at sea in the sweltering heat, they are exhausted. this boat has just arrived with about 500 migrants who have been rescued trying to make the very dangerous journey from libya to sicily. so far this year, more than 80,000
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people from different countries have arrived. around 2,000 have drowned. but the vast majority are not refugees fleeing war, but those in search of a better life. most will stay in italy. sympathy for the migrants is wearing thin. and blame is starting to focus on the ngos saving lives. there are critics who have accused ngos of acting as a taxi service to europe. there are fears now that anti—immigration groups are exploiting the crisis for their own ends. so you would like to see this mosque closed 7 yeah, i would like to see a museum or something else. tensions here are rising,
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but what is the solution to italy's migrant crisis? this is the gateway from sicily to the rest of italy. a short passage for many towards their new lives. this is the route that hundreds of thousands of migrants follow to get to the mainland. many of them end up in the north, but some are being settled in the south of the country. i'm on my way to one of those towns. in this quiet corner of calabria, for centuries the locals have only spoken italian.
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but in recent years riace has suffered from an exodus of people in search ofjobs and better prospects. and things are changing. hello, ciao, how are you? today over half the population are new arrivals from africa and the arab world. the initiative, with government and eu money, is breathing life into this town and providing a haven for recent arrivals who have endured much to reach here. these young men of 16 and 17
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are from the country which makes up the second largest number of migrants to come to italy this year: bangladesh. the boys told me they never intended to come to europe, but they had paid people smugglers to take them to libya for work. but when they got there, they became their victims. bought and sold from one trafficker to another, the boys managed to finally get onto the boats for italy,
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but their ordeal was not over. not everyone is welcoming to migrants coming to europe. this is a promo video from a group calling themselves the identitarian movement. made up of mainly young, tech savvy members, they have been described as the hipster right. with headquarters in austria and france, they are a small but growing group and their aim is to campaign against immigration. senior membership of the group is known to have links with neo—nazis. their annual camp is all
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about physical strength and fitness, but with a definite sense of purpose. stop immigration now! this summer the movement tried to stop a medecins sans frontieres rescue ship from leaving port. the stunt ultimately failed but in just a few weeks the organisation raised over 70,000 euros and they have now chartered a ship they say they will use to disrupt trafficking and monitor the ngos in the mediterranean. i had heard that the group was developing plans for further action. their italy coordinator, lorenzo fiato, has flown down specially from milan. i want to defend europe from mass immigration and multiculturalism. we think that in every city where multiculturalism is present there is also radical islam
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and violence regarding illegal immigrants and more. you want european culture, western societies, to just be white? it is not about white it is about the other side of multiculturalism. this is a different kind of migration. these are thousands of illegal migrants coming to our shores and flooding into our cities. lorenzo told me that it wasn'tjust new migrants that concerned him. his organisation has a policy of re—patronisation of the children his organisation has a policy of re—patriation of the children of existing immigrants. you want these people who live in europe, who are second or third generation, to go back to the home country of their own parents? i want them to respect our way of life or leave. it is simple. and the people who respect your way of life? sorry, the problem
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is not about them. most of them have some parents orfriends or people who are related to them. i can't trust anyone in this matter. but lorenzo's first goal is to combat those he sees as facilitating mass immigration: the ngos. you say you don't want the ngos operating in those waters, that you want them to stop. they say if they stop, more lives will be lost. i think this is false. these people are coming to europe because they know someone will save them. you cannot solve this problem by helping the human traffickers doing theirjobs, because they want to transport illegal migrants, so you are just helping them. there has been another rescue, this time by the organisation save the children. an inflatable carrying 125 people has been located off libya. it has been at sea for 2h hours,
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it is beginning to deflate, and it is taking on water. 25 children are on board. four babies and several pregnant woman. and there are fatalities. four people died, one the mother of a 15—month—old baby. the ship comes into the port of trapani in sicily. it is where a local prosecutor is investigating
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whether some ngo ships may be facilitating illegal immigration. the ngo missions are coordinated by the italian coast guard, but the country's legal system has launched two investigations into whether they are saving lives or assisting illegal immigrants on theirjourney. do you feel that by rescuing these boats that the ngos
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are somehow encouraging the people smuggling trade? there are critics that have accused ngos of acting as a taxi service to europe. the ngos argue that if they weren't operating in the area then more lives would be lost. back on the quay, the save the children ship is preparing to continue its mission.
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since last september, the boat has rescued more than 4,000 migrants at sea, including over 500 children. hi, david. i asked the captain what he thought of claims that ngos were acting as a taxi service to migrants and people smugglers. yes, i have heard that before and i think i can see why people say that, but the evidence is absolutely to the contrary. you only have to see the craft they put them in to realise how absolutely cynical and ruthless they are. they do not need a pull factor, they are pushing these people out come what may, and if we are not there they will drown. what is the solution here because the numbers are not dropping at all? the solution is a political solution, it is not within the remit of a humanitarian organisation to solve this, but people will continue to do this until there is a safer, legal way to do it. in the meantime, this tragedy
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will go on unfolding and we will continue to pick up the pieces and continue to get the blame for something that only other people can solve. i'm sorry, that is how it is. in catania lorenzo has an important day. he is waiting for some new identitarian recruits who have come from the sicilian capital, palermo. hello, hi. viviana and claudia are university students and they have come to help on the defend europe launch. lorenzo says that he would take me
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on a tour of the town. all these restaurants are owned by migrants? yeah, most of them, it is easy to organise and easy to do. the food is not so healthy. they grew up like rabbits. they grew up like rabbits? what do you mean? it is like saying there are a lot of them and they continue to appear. in italy they are replacing the people living in these neighbourhoods. we are always less and they are always more. this is a mosque. what to think when you see this mosque here? i do not feel anything, because islam is ok if it is in the middle east or in some other places. ijust know this is not the place for a mosque here. that sounds islamaphobic. i want to prevent this actually. you want to prevent islamaphobia?
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i want to prevent hate and fights and the clash of civilisations. you would like to see this mosque closed ? i would like to see a museum or something in its place. as we sat down, i wanted to find out why viviana and claudia had joined the movement. for claudia it was something more personal. there are accusations
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that this is a racist group, an islamaphobic group, a group that is linked to neo—nazis. so what do sicilians think of lorenzo and his friends, their movement and views? i wanted to see him in action. lorenzo sees the chance for a bit
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of pr and tells the man about blocking the ngo ship. but it is notjust ordinary sicilians who feel their voices need to be heard. across italy you see scenes like this.
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nigerian woman forced into prostitution. it is thought that a staggering 80% of nigerian woman who come to europe are trafficked. three years ago, 1,500 nigerian woman arrived in italy. last year it was more than 11,000. i went to meet some who were lucky enough to be rescued. jennifer and anna, not their real names, told me their stories began in nigeria where they were offered work as baby—sitters and hairdressers in europe. they agreed, but on the drive through the desert towards libya things started to go badly wrong.
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when you got to libya, that is when you realised they wanted you to do prostitution? that was when the girls were taken to what is known as the carnation house. and how many other girls were there with you in that space? were you talking to each other?
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yes. what were you saying? but once they arrive in europe, many find they cannot escape. they still have to repay a debt to the traffickers and the debts are huge — up to 40,000 euros. so they remain in virtual slavery. it really is quite difficult for these girls to now go back home. they have no id and they are effectively stateless. for many of them, they have made such a tough journey coming here that they do not want to go back, they see their future here in europe. lorenzo has hired a room in an upmarket hotel in catania
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for the defend europe launch, but there are complications. plainclothes policemen have turned up and are keen to make their presence felt. they question lorenzo, suspecting someone in the town's port might be passing information on migrant shipping. 0ur safety, our way of life, we have become a minority in our own country. perfect. does that mean that you will keep trying to stop the boats? of course, we are ready to face our problems, these kinds of problems. even today you were approached
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by police, they are watching you. yeah, i know. but we have our channels to keep these kind of things secret. the website, the internet, is a gift. we can talk there and organise these kind of things in almost totalfreedom, and this will help us a lot. it is estimated that this year a quarter of a million migrants will make the perilous journey from libya to italy. several thousand will drown on the way. while this crisis continues, so too will criticism of the humanitarian effort and the message of intolerance. and a solution? no end in sight. good evening, it has been another
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fine, sunny day across most parts of the country. this was the scene ca ptu red the country. this was the scene captured by a weather watcher in hastings during the day. barely a cloud in scarborough. we have got clear skies as we head through the overnight period. this ridge of high pressure is building in. we have got a frontal system approaching from the north west and that is bringing rain across the north west of scotla nd rain across the north west of scotland and it will push further south across scotland into northern ireland. further south, drier conditions and still quite warm and
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muqqy conditions and still quite warm and muggy with comfortable conditions by sleeping. temperatures holding up around 16 or 17. through the day tomorrow plenty more of that warm sunshine, particularly in england and wales. perhaps a bit more cloud. rainfor and wales. perhaps a bit more cloud. rain for northern ireland and southern and western parts of scotla nd southern and western parts of scotland at times. but northern scotla nd scotland at times. but northern scotland should brighten up with a return to some sunshine. temperatures are about 16 or so, but we will see cloud and patchy rain continuing. in the bulk of england and wales most places stay dry all day with long spells of sunshine. patchy cloud could bring some isolated, passing showers. most places should be dry for the london region, temperatures 26 degrees. 0n sunday evening and overnight this affront slips further south and is, so some affront slips further south and is, so some rain in scotland and
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northern england. it starts off on a cloudy note on monday, still quite hot in the south. fresher conditions coming into scotland and northern ireland. after a cloudy and drizzly start, the sunshine should break through, so not a bad day. sunny spells and also scattered showers. certainly not a wash—out. long and dry spells with temperatures between 16—24. for tuesday further showers in the north, but we could well see longer spells of rain in the south, but we will need it for oui’ the south, but we will need it for our gardens. temperatures on tuesday 16-21d. this is bbc world news today. i'm alpa patel. our top stories... the g20 summit in hamburg wraps up —
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without agreement on how to tackle climate change. the host struggles to hide her disappointment. translation: wherever there is no consensus that can be agreed, an agreement has to be made clear. america is seen as the stumbling block — president trump leaves germany without giving a news conference. iraqi government forces begin celebrating in mosul, with the announcement of a final victory against so—called islamic state expected imminently. three times wimbledon champion novak djokovic powers his way into the last 16, with a straight sets win on centre court.
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