tv BBC News at Six BBC News July 18, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm BST
not a single custody centre for children and young people is safe, says the chief inspector of prisons. he says the decline in standards in england and wales is staggering and a tragedy is inevitable. i do fear for the future and the safety of both the young people who are held in custody and of staff unless something is done to break this circle of violence. we'll be looking at why secure accommodation for young offenders has been allowed to become so dangerous. also tonight... reduced petrol prices brings inflation down lower than expected. after g re nfell tower, a bbc investigation reveals how councils are failing to offer social housing despite a statutory duty to do so. the duke and duchess of cambridge on what they call a shattering visit to a concentration camp in poland. and the threat to the critically endangered madagascan lemur from illegal sapphire mining. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years. tens of thousands of people have moved here to clear the land and dig for gems.
and coming up in sportsday on bbc news, after an incredible finish against south africa, england's cricketers reach the final of the women's world cup, with just two balls to spare. good evening and welcome to the bbc news at six. not one of the youth custody centres in england and wales is safe for children or young people. that's the shocking warning by the chief inspector of prisons, who says a tragedy is inevitable and the decline in standards is "staggering". describing the men's prison system, peter clarke says he is often appalled by the conditions in which inmates are held. the government has acknowledged that prisons have faced a number
of challenges and says it's taken immediate action to, amongst other things, boost the number of prison officers. our home affairs correspondent june kelly has more. medway secure training centre in kent, a place where young offenders are held and hopefully rehabilitated. 18 months ago, an undercover investigation by bbc panorama shone a light on daily life in medway. teenage inmates were seen being mistreated and abused. a number of staff were sacked and the police launched a criminal investigation. medway, then run by gas, is now the responsibility of the prison and probation service. but it is still struggling, and only last month inspectors denounced it as inadequate. and it's not alone, according to today's damning report by the prison watchdog, which says:
the chief inspector of prisons says he was so alarmed at what was found that he alerted ministers earlier this year. violence, giving rise to repressive regimes, more discipline, longer being locked in cells. i have seen children being held in cells for 22 hours a day, not eating any of them meals in association with other children. when inspectors went into feltham young offender institution in west london, they found that violence was so acute that the site was unsafe for both staff and boys. jennifer blake, who i’u ns staff and boys. jennifer blake, who runs an anti—gang charity, was in felt last month. their toilet systems a re felt last month. their toilet systems are overflowing. the stench in there, the fact that there are more afraid to be inside the prison than outside because of the gang rivalry inside the prison. she began
offending when she was 13 and spent 20 years involved in knife crime, drugs and robbery. through my own life experience, i know that i wasn't stopped and i went down the wrong path. so if these young people are not stopped, they will take it through to their adulthood and they will continue reoffending. the ministry ofjustice said no minister was available for interview, and in a statement, it said: when it comes to adultjails, today's report warns that prison reform will be blighted without less violence, fewer drugs and more time spent out of cells. all these require additional staff. the chief inspector of prisons has raised his concerns in the strongest terms and he clearly feels the government is not listening. yes, peter clarke comes across as a desperate man. he
is focusing on the proposed rehabilitation of these young people, which he says it's impossible given the conditions they are living under. the ministry of justice says they will provide an extra 2500 staff across the prison estate, but peter clarke said it is not just about numbers, estate, but peter clarke said it is notjust about numbers, it's also about the conditions inmates are being held in, including the things we heard about with overflowing toilets and dickensian conditions in some institutions. the ministry has also said it has created a youth custody service, and they say that isa sign custody service, and they say that is a sign of the priority it is giving to this issue. but again, peter clark is saying that while initiatives are fine, it's all about the practicalities. he says he and his staff produce these reports. everybody reads them, nods and agrees at what he's suggesting, but he said nothing ever seems to change. and that is what is really irking him. as we were hearing, he is warning that there could be a tragedy if the situation doesn't improve in young offender institutions. june, thank you. there's been an unexpected fall in inflation. the rate, as measured
by the consumer prices index, was 2.6% injune compared with 2.9% the month before. the drop is partly due to a fall in fuel prices. but some economists are warning the drop could just be a blip, with inflation set to rise again. here's our economics correspondent andy verity. we're used to petrol being the motor of inflation, but last month it dragged it down. between may and june, the cost of fuel dropped by more than a percentage point and instead of edging higher, as many expected, inflation generally fell back from 2.9% to 2.6%. one of the biggest elements that held inflation down was culture and recreation, everything from theatre tickets, to sports tickets to video streaming on the internet and another big downward pressure came from these, cheaper tablet computers. this afternoon, the governor of the bank of england gave his reaction to the figures. i think the first thing is, one doesn't want to put too much weight on any specific data point. the bigger picture remains the same. the reason why inflation
is above the 2% target is because of the depreciation in the pound following the referendum or associated with the referendum, and that's a judgement of the market. we'll see in the fullness of time whether that judgment is right, but it's the judgment of the market about the relative incomes in this country as a consequence of those decisions over the medium term. this carpet factory in kidderminster is an example of a growing business dealing with that weaker pound. it means it has to pay more than it once did to buy the yarn that goes into its carpets from abroad. it's adapted to that and more of its yarn now comes from british sheep. that's helped it to trim its costs and keep its price rises contained. our prices have had to go up. we've increased prices by around 2% this year and that's been a natural consequence of increased wage costs, yarn costs and energy costs. we have had to pass that on to our customers. while inflation is lower than last month, prices
are still rising faster than the average worker's pay. the squeeze on living standards isn't over yet. it looks as if inflation might be dampened a bit by softer fuel price growth over the next few months, but underlying price pressures from post—brexit falls in sterling are still there and they look set to continue to push inflation up a bit further as we move to the end of the year. for now, the pressure on the bank of england to tame inflation by raising interest rates sooner rather than later has eased. in the city, they are still betting a rise in interest rates will be needed, but not until next march. andy verity, bbc news. the aftermath of last month's fire at grenfell tower exposed social inequalities in the borough, in particular the kind of affordable housing offered to those on the lowest incomes. most councils have a statutory duty to offer half of accommodation in all new large buildings projects as social housing. but bbc news has found that the council where grenfell tower is located — kensington and chelsea — agreed that developers could give them nearly £50 million instead of building the required social housing last year. and as michael buchanan reports,
the council is far from alone in doing so. a rarely seen view of one of britain's richest areas. the kensington and chelsea, like everywhere else, does have social housing, just not enough of it. this person is currently living in a local hostel, desperate for a home. i have tried to get a house for two yea rs. i have tried to get a house for two years. it is just impossible to get any sort of housing. i have tried so many times, and theyjust any sort of housing. i have tried so many times, and they just won't listen to you. they say there is nothing for you and i can't help me. they won't even get me on the housing list. just minutes away, a huge new development in knightsbridge that kalpesh ukla will never live in. there will be shops, offices and luxury flats. council
rules say half the homes should be affordable, but the architect said the flats were too big, the service charge would be too expensive. so kensington and chelsea council allowed the developers to pay them £12 million, which they should now spend on affordable homes. research for the bbc shows that in 2016, kensington and chelsea agreed to ta ke kensington and chelsea agreed to take nearly £a7.5 million from developers in such deals. the money property companies have paid them, more than £9 million remains unspent. however, just 336 affordable homes were built in the area over five years. affordable homes were built in the area overfive years. in one affordable homes were built in the area over five years. in one year, just four were actually added. we are exporting the poor population. the leader of the labour group of the council is appalled. one of the great things about living in london is that you do have a balanced population, and i do think we have a duty not to produce the prettiest ghost town in western europe. 0ur
first loyalty should be to maintaining and strengthening our communities, and we have fallen down on thatjob communities, and we have fallen down on that job terribly. kensington and chelsea told us they are struggling to provide affordable homes, due to being a small, densely packed area with limited sites and high land values. they say they do what they can, sometimes pushing developers to give more. but ultimately, they say they have limited capacity to provide housing. average house prices around here are more than £1 million. despite that, the council has a target of building 200 affordable homes each year. developers, however, seem increasingly keen to ignore such goals. kensington and chelsea is an inner borough, and it also has relatively high land values. therefore, there is more likelihood of developers wanting to build entirely private schemes and give the payment to the council in lieu ofa the payment to the council in lieu of a affordable housing coming through as part of the new—build application. lots of english
councils take money from developers instead of forcing them to build affordable homes. but in kensington and chelsea, many luxury flats lie empty. it's the only london borough where striking such deals can exempt, believe the money is properly used. the duke and duchess of cambridge have described as "shattering" their visit to a former concentration camp, part of their five day tour of poland and germany. the royal couple met holocaust survivors at stutthof, near gdansk, where 65,000 people were killed during the second world war. prince william hailed the country's "incredible bravery" during the nazi occupation. 0ur royal correspondent peter hunt was travelling with them. poland, a country with a troubled past, provides presidential—style security for visiting royal dignitaries that leaves little to chance. part of that past is captured here at stutthof, a concentration camp turned museum with evil on display, the shoes of those murdered here.
it's an education for all visitors. with two survivors, tens of thousands perished here. the duke and duchess paid their respects at the camp's jewish memorial and reflected. "what the nazis did here", william and kate wrote later, "was a terrible reminder of the cost of war". they described their visit as shattering. in what was a friendless, soulless place, teenagers manfred and ziggy formed a friendship for life. they walked out of these death gates in the ‘a0s, alive against the odds. this was the only camp i thought i was going to die, because it wasn't only from sickness or starvation, but also the weather. in november here, it was well below zero and we wore stripy pyjamas.
that was all we had. it was an extremely emotional event for me, in that 70 plus years since our liberation, i have never set foot either in germany or poland. i put all that behind me. at this brutal camp and at the others, so many people died, including 3 million polishjews. the hope is that this royal visit will help to educate the young and ensure that the horrors of the holocaust are never forgotten. these visits change tempo and mix the solemn with the less so at dizzying speed. but despite such changes, the memories of stutthof will linger long in royal minds. peter hunt, bbc news, gdansk. our top story this evening: not a single custody centre for children and young people is safe, according to the chief inspector of prisons. coming up, i will be live in
winchester in the company of jane austen, launched today on britain's brand—new £10 note. coming up in sportsday on bbc news: we're in the netherlands to look ahead to england's match against scotland at the women's european championship. lemurs are unique to madagascar and now a sapphire "rush" on the island is threatening the largest of the species, the indri. since late last year, more than a0,000 miners have invaded a remote area of rainforest in the east of the country. it's hard, dangerous work. the men live in squalor and rarely get rich. but the illegal mining is destroying the home of the indri, which is already critically endangered. from madagascar, angus crawford reports. in the forests of madagascar there's a new sound, the sound of men working,
poor men who want to get rich. they're here because of sapphires. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years. tens of thousands of people have moved here to clear the land and dig for gems. 0nce virgin rainforest, felled and burned, now look, mine shafts and spoil heaps stretch across the valley. meet bruno and his sapphires, he's travelled 1,000 miles, invested all his money, for this. each morning the work takes him down into the dark. the pits are deep, very deep. thejob is cramped, back breaking and dangerous. in this, one of the poorest
countries on earth, that's the dream that keeps them coming, men desperate to feed theirfamilies. see the damage it causes, threatening the habitat of one of the world's rarest animals, the indri lemur. can you hear that? that's the sound of indri singing. they're on that side of the valley and they're singing across to the indri this side. they're known as babakoto here. they're critically endangered and they only live in a very small area of madagascar. they can't survive in captivity, so when they're gone from here, they're gone for good. they spend their lives in the trees, eating leaves and fruit and breeding only once every three years. there may be as few as 2,000 left in the wild. jonah ratsimbazafy is a world
authority on the indri, he's horrified by the effects of the mining. thousands of people. when people buy sapphires, they kill indri. so today i'm telling you, stop buying precious stones from illegal mining from madagascar. but how can buyers know, the gems go from mine to capital city, are cut and polished in back street workshops before being exported to dealers abroad. illegally mined sapphires are then anonymous and completely untraceable. so, for now, the miners keep working. great riches lie beneath this soil, unique wildlife in the trees above, but how does madagascar extract one without destroying the other.
angus crawford, bbc news, madagascar. four crew members of the south yorkshire police helicopter have gone on trial accused of using the aircraft to spy on people, some sunbathing naked or having sex. the case relates to four alleged incidents between 2007 and 2012. a fifth officer has admitted charges of misconduct in a public office. danny savage is at sheffield crown court. this case isn't exactly edifying, is it? tell us more? the south yorkshire police helicopter is a familiar sight in the skies above here. it's used as a valuable resource in the fight against crime. the allegation in this case it was misused on a number of occasions over a five year period. as a result, five members of its crew were charged. what did they do? videos were shown to the court today, the first one showed a woman sunbathing naked in her garden, the camera zooms in on her body. a
second video showed anywayrieses sitting outside their ca navan second video showed anywayrieses sitting outside their canavan in doncaster. the next showed a couple having sex on their patio. they knew they were being filmed. the woman waves and a fourth shows somebody sunbathing naked. it was a deliberate invasion of their privacy, for the amusement of the crew. two police officers and two pilots are on charge here. they deny the charges. . they blame another police officer for the charges. . they blame another police officerfor doing the charges. . they blame another police officer for doing all of this. he pleaded guilty to misconduct in public office. the trial is expected to last for three weeks. danny, thank you. republicans in the us congress say
they'll press ahead with a vote to repeal healthcare reforms, known as 0bamaca re, even though there's no agreement on what will replace it. the announcement was made after efforts to approve a new system collapsed. president trump later took to twitter and urged republicans to work on a new plan from a clean slate. the family of a seven—year—old autistic boy with a rare condition, that puts him at risk of severe brain damage, are beginning a high court challenge to an nhs decision to deny him a life—changing drug. nhs england says the long—term effectiveness of the drug, which would cost £100 a day, hasn't been proved. a victory could mean that in future cases the welfare of the child could take precedence over cost, as our legal correspondent, clive coleman, reports. this is seven—year—old david. we can't give his real name for legal reasons. he has the rare condition pku. if his protein isn't limited to 12 grams a day, what you'd find in three slices of bread, he could suffer permanent brain damage. he also has severe autism, can't talk and so managing his diet is hugely challenging.
good boy. he'll sometimes run into a room, if we're eating and he will literally take food off our plates. he doesn't realise that he can't have certain things. when our son gets upset, he really gets upset. it's physical with us, physical with his siblings. he'll break things in the house. it's a meltdown, really. david's nhs consultant wants him to have a drug called kuvan which allows him to have more protein, but it costs £100 a day and nhs england has refused to fund it. at the moment, parents have tojump through a series of hoops to prove that their child's case is exceptional and that the drugs that they need are clinically and cost effective, but if the legal challenge brought here today succeeds, then the best interests of the child could be put at the heart of nhs decisions on whether to provide expensive drugs. that could have a significant effect on nhs funding and money isn't infinite.
the service is under huge pressure. funding is being squeezed, demand for care is going up and that means the nhs is having to take some really difficult decisions about what will and won't be funded. if a child with pku is given kuvan, it can transform their life. nine—year—old alex learoyd was struggling at school, his mum was worried. he's now been prescribed the drug through a clinical trial, his concentration has soared and he can eat the same treats as his friends. it's given alexander so much more concentration and so much more energy at school. yes. whereas before you were sort of powering down a bit. yeah. now i'm like, when there's a task, like now i'm, head down, doing it. before i wasjust like, oh, there's an aeroplane flying outside. expensive drugs can put children with rare conditions on a level playing field their peers, the high court could determine how many children get them. clive coleman, bbc news. england's women cricketers
have narrowly beaten south africa to book their place in the world cup final. anya shru bsole hit the winning runs as england reached their target of 219 with just two balls of their 50 overs to spare. it means they'll play either australia or india in the final at lord's on sunday. 200 years since the death of the authorjane austen, the bank of england has put her image on its new polymer £10 note. it was unveiled this afternoon at winchester cathedral, where she was buried in 1817, and will go into circulation in september. 0ur correspondent duncan kennedy is in winchester. it's exactly 200 years to the day that jane austen died in winchester she is buried in winchester cathedral. what more fitting place
to launch this brand new £10 note with jane austen's face on it. it's taken 200 years to put the "ten" into austen, but today this became britain's newest banknote. one of our greatest authors now adorns this latest addition to our currency, and all of it unveiled exactly two centuries after her death, in the place where she was buried. we really need to look at it in the round in order to capture it and obviously, jane austen — it's certainly not based on my opinion — but the opinion of the british people, but also leading scholars, really, at the top of the pantheon of british novelists. and silver on the back... the new tenner is made of polymer and has multiple security features. it's also the first bank of england note to have raised dots, to help blind and visually impaired people. oh, the quill! the quill. forjane austen's army of devotees at today's ceremony, the note is a moment to cherish.
i like it. i like all the little touches that they've got going on of winchester cathedral and the quill. so over all, marks out of ten for the £10? a ten out of ten, for the £10 note! some people have needed a bit of "persuasion" over the jane austen image on the new note. compare it to the original portrait it was taken from, it's had critics talking of an austen airbrush. howeverjane austen looked, when she died, 200 years ago today, £10 would have been worth around £1,000. what you might call a good fortune. the new jane austen tenner comes into circulation in september. a stylish addition to a catalogue of work universally acknowledged to be priceless. duncan kennedy, bbc news, in winchester. time for a look at the weather. here's chris fawkes. for many of us another glorious afternoon with temperatures surging. we have seen highs of 28 degrees in a number of spots, hampshire, dorset into anglesey, western areas of
scotla nd into anglesey, western areas of scotland as well. all of these places warmer than they were yesterday. now our focus is turning away from heat and over towards thunderstorms. 0n the satellite picture there have been storm clouds into south—west england. 0ne picture there have been storm clouds into south—west england. one or two are working elsewhere across the central english channel threatening the isle of wight into hampshire and dorset in the next few hours. don't be surprised if you hear rumbles of thunder. this was the scene in plymouth today as fork lightning came down. this evening and overnight the storms will drive northwards. they will be hit—and—miss in nature. the rain from the storms will vary a bit as well. one or two could bring half a month's well. one or two could bring half a months worth of rainfall in the space of an hour or two, others not so much in the way of rain. it will bea so much in the way of rain. it will be a muggy night, temperatures no lower than 18 in london and cardiff. fresher air with us across northern parts of the country. wednesday‘
forecast. that first batch of storms will work northwards. there will be a lull for a time. heavy rain will work into northern ireland. that could turn thundery during the day. a few more thunderstorms could break out elsewhere across england and wales as the temperatures begin to rise once again. it is going to be a particularly humid day tomorrow across eastern areas of england, temperatures hitting 31 or 32 celsius. the ninth day this summer we have seen temperatures over the 30 degree mark. it tells you something about how warm this summer has been. thursday and friday and the weekend it will be unsettled with showers and feeling much, much cooler. that‘s all from the bbc news at six, so it‘s goodbye from me and on bbc one we nowjoin the bbc‘s news teams where you are. these are the headlines at 6:30pm. bowling conditions make tragedy inevitable, that comes from the chief inspector prisons. he says he is staggered by the decline in standards in mind and wales. we are
unable to say that any of the young offender institutions are secure training centres we inspect could be considered safe to hold children or young people. inflation has fallen unexpectedly to 2.6% injune. it‘s the first fall since october 2016, although prices continue to rise. after g re nfell tower, although prices continue to rise. after grenfell tower, bbc investigation reveals how councils failed to offer a social housing, despite the stack true extremely maxed out duty to do so. despite the failure to agree on a replacement for health care,. there are sports day is coming up three, damon coming up day is coming up three, damon coming upa look day is coming up three, damon coming up a look at what else is coming up this evening on bbc news. prices are going up, but at a slower pace than