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tv   Witness  BBC News  August 13, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm BST

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is this weekend that is the maximum. friday to sunday nights. you can see meteors, shooting stars, every night of the year. sporadic ones which are random bits of dust. each one about the size of a grain of sand. and these you can see if you are somewhere dark and you let your eyes get used to the dark. you can just lie in your back and watch the sky. monica grady. what is it going to be liked tonight? let's get the weather? ——. clear skies tonight or have we missed the best opportunity? not quite as straightforward as last night. there will be some clear skies, the best time to see them will be early in the light and further east across the uk because cloud comes in from the west. of a lot of it quite high cloud. this is what we have seen so far. bubbling up what we have seen so far. bubbling up some fair weather clouds, still a
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lovely day for most, some showers in scotla nd lovely day for most, some showers in scotland mostly in the northern half, sunny and warm in northern england and eastern england. these areas will see the cloud fading away this evening. at any end to the day. earlier in the night, some clearer skies before it clouds over and some rain by midnight in northern ireland and western wales and the south—west of england. with this advancing cloud the chances of seeing the meteor showers reduced but not as cold as last night. some rain in the north and west which will push further into scotland and there will be heavy rain over the hills. showery rain in northern ireland and bits and pieces in wales and the west of england but further east, it could be drier and quite warm in the south—east with up to hoodie 5 degrees. wet weather will push back up degrees. wet weather will push back up overnight as we head into choose date —— 25 degrees. hello.
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this is bbc news. the headlines... one person has been killed and many others injured as a far—right rally in charlottesville, virginia saw violent clashes between white nationalists and counter protesters. the chancellor, philip hammond, and international trade secretary liam fox have said that any brexit transition deal would be "time limited", and would not be a "back door" to the uk remaining in the eu. transport secretary chris grayling has said that by next year, learner drivers will be able to have lessons on motorways, to try to improve road safety. shooting stars littered the sky last night as the perseid meteor shower was at its peak over the uk.
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those are the headlines, more at the top of the hour. now on bbc news, it's time for witness. hello and welcome to this special edition of witness with me, mariko oi. i'm here in tokyo to introduce you to five people who've experienced extraordinary moments in japanese history first—hand. we'll meet a doctor who treated thousands of the injured at hiroshima. two brothers who were among the first to learn the suzuki method
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of playing the violin. and a cameraman who captured japan's royal wedding in the 1950s. but first, in 1995, this city's busy subway system was brought to a standstill when the deadly nerve gas sarin was released at this station behind me. it later transpired it had been released in five locations across the network by the aum shinrikyo doomsday cult. toshiaka toyoda was the deputy station master at kasumigaseki station that day. at the height of the morning rush—hour in the world's most crowded underground system, the madness of indiscriminate murder. more than 3,000 subway passengers were affected. translation: at 8:12am, i was told there was a suspicious object on the chiyoda line train, which had just arrived,
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so i went up to the platform upstairs and i saw a train stopped right there. several people had been seen planting packages at stations and on a number of trains. "i saw a package wrapped in newspaper, it was leaking," said this man, "then the stinging fumes hit my eyes." translation: my colleague, mr hishinuma, was communicating with headquarters from the driver's cab. another colleague, mr takahashi, was wiping the platform with newspaper. i saw a trail of spots. it looked like oil spilt as it had been carried out of the train onto the platform. i put the crumpled newspapers which had been used to wipe the floor in a plastic bag. the three of us put all the newspapers in the bag. i was worried that these things might explode so i took the bag downstairs to the office.
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then i heard mr takahashi had collapsed. the unseen chemicals striking people down in a matter of seconds. they choked and vomited, some were blinded and paralysed. one of the first confirmations that a deadly nerve gas had caused the poisoning was given by this doctor. "it is sarin," he said, "it is one of the worst of all poisons." translation: by then my body had started shivering. i tried to make a report about the 8:12am train but my hand was shaking and i couldn't even write eight. so i took my cap and uniform off and washed my face. i guess i was trying to pull myself together. then i collapsed. when i woke up i was in hospital. my staff were there. because i knew mr takahashi
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had collapsed, i was wondering how he was doing. i wanted to ask but i had tubes in my mouth, so i got a pen and paper and wrote his name. one of the staff made a sign like this. then i wrote mr hishinuma's name. the worker made the same sign. out of the three of us only i have survived. my colleagues told me after i collapsed they carried me upstairs together and they evacuated all of the passengers from kasumigaseki station. there were no passengers killed at that station. the leader of a japanese cult has been sentenced to death for masterminding a gas attack in tokyo nine years ago. 12 people died when shoko asahara ordered the release of sarin into the underground system.
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translation: the pain never stops coming after me because two of my subordinates died and me, the supervisor, survived. i wish i'd known about sarin and how to deal with it. i could've made them wash their hands and faces. i feel i simply wasn't good enough as the person in charge. toshiaka toyoda speaking to us from his home here in tokyo. and next, in the post—war era, musician shinichi suzuki developed a new method of teaching the violin. the system would later catch on around the world. brothers hideya and toshiya taida were two of his first students.
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the idea here is that from the age of three, japanese children can be taught to play simple tunes by ear. as the japanese teacher suzuki says himself, they learn to speak with the violin at the same time as they learn to speak their mother tongue. hideya and toshiya taida there, still playing the violin decades later. in 1956 reports started to emerge of what would come to be known as japan's worst case of industrial pollution in the town of minamata. fujie sakamoto and her family were among those devastated by the disaster. translation: i can't tell you just how much i hate the chemical factory. chisso corporation devastated our ocean and our people. i just hate it.
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people used to say that life in minamata was wonderful. chisso corporation was the only company in minamata. we are still frightened by the awfulness of the mercury that was leaked from the factory. it poisoned the fish and then people who ate the seafood got minamata disease. there'd been no poisoning before a chemical factory was built in the bay. but the company, the chisso corporation, denied all responsibility and continued to pump its waste into the sea. translation: cats got the disease before people. they went blind and danced round and round like crazy.
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soon it was clear that people were suffering as well. translation: mayumi was my first daughter. she couldn't eat fish well because she was only three years old, but she could eat prawns by herself, so i let her eat a lot of prawns. we thought something might be wrong with mayumi. we thought she might have the strange disease. when her hands started shaking i realised she had the disease. she became unable to walk properly, unable to speak. doctors from the local university filmed the shaking fits. they suspected metal poisoning. translation: when i visited her in hospital she had lost her sight, but she could still hear. i said to her, "mayumi, your mummy is here, you don't
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have to cry anymore." she gave me a sweet smile. it was her last smile. onjanuary 3rd, 1958, mayumi died. by 1958, we knew you it was caused by chisso, also chisso knew it was caused by waste water pumped into the bay by the factory. they tried to hide it. my second child is shinobu. she contracted the minamata disease in the womb. i didn't think it was possible. but three months after she was born, i noticed something was wrong with her.
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shinobu is now 59 years old. in 1959, chisso corporation offered some consolation money. human life cannot be replaced by money. fujie sakamoto remembering the terrible effects of industrial pollution. remember you can watch witness every month on the bbc news channel or you can catch up on all our films along with more than a thousand radio programmes in our online archive. just go to bbc.co.uk/witness. and next, when us forces dropped the world's first of atomic bomb onjapan at the end of the second world war, shintaro ohita was a young doctor in the japanese army.
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on the day the bomb fell he helped treat thousands of the injured. last night's target for the first atomic bomb was the city of hiroshima on the shores of the inland sea west of kobei. translation: i saw a mushroom cloud taking shape over the sky of hiroshima and at the top of the cloud there was this pillar of fire so i knew something terrible had happened. i was an officer, an army medic. on the 1st of august 19114 i was assigned to the hiroshima army hospital. like other cities, lots of warplanes flew over hiroshima every day but not a single bomb was dropped. i thought it was so strange,
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i couldn't understand why they would fly over and then drop the bombs somewhere else. at the time i was in a village called hasaka. it is by the otto river and about seven kilometres outside hiroshima. at about two o'clock in the morning an old man came to the hospital by bicycle. he asked me to come with him because his grandson had had a heart attack. i slept over at the farm, got dressed and started to prepare a needle. i was about to inject the young boy with a drug so he could sleep until early evening. as i raised my hand, looking up over hiroshima, i saw a b29 flying in the sky. it was the plane which would drop the bomb. there was a flash. it was a tremendous flash, i was dazzled by it and i dropped the needle. at the time i felt dizzy from the bright light of the explosion. it was said to be seven kilometres wide.
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i saw this huge circle of fire in the blue sky. there were no clouds, just a deep red. i had never seen anything like it before. i shouted out to the old man that i was going back to hiroshima and i asked to use his bicycle. on the road i saw a huge number of people. some were standing and walking, some were crawling on their knees. i was halfway to hiroshima when i saw black smoke carried over the river on the wind and by the smoke i knew hiroshima was burning. straightaway officials had put up big tents in the middle of a schoolyard to treat the injured. inside these tents it was very hot and they were full of injured
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people covered in blood. i started to treat people for their burns. there were also patients who died from symptoms because of the radiation. those people started dying around the 9th of august. they had a0 degree temperatures, they were bleeding and they had white spots under the skin. in the end i think i treated 6000 patients, maybe even 10,000. after that i didn't want to continue my career as a doctor. everyone i saw died, one after another, there was absolutely nobody i could save. shuntaro hida recalling the devastation of hiroshima.
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and our final witness is shigayo suzuki. he was one of the cameramen tasked with capturing japan's spectacular royal wedding in 1959 as the then crown prince, today's emperor, who lives inside this imperial palace, married a commoner, a first in the history of the japanese royal family. crown prince akihito has married a commoner, michiko shoda, so breaking japanese tradition of more than 2600 years. the marriage ceremony, lasting only 15 minutes, took place in kashiko—dokoro, a wooden shrine within the walls of the imperial palace. there was no hint of any western influence in the wedding ritual. in sumptuous robes such as the members of the imperial family have worn for centuries, the crown prince and his bride were made man and wife. burdened by no fewer than 12 kimonos, it took princess michiko
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three hours to dress. the total weight was 33 lbs. cheers accompanied them all the way as they began their drive through tokyo. shiegeo suzuki there on a turning point injapanese society. and that's all from me here in tokyo. witness will be back at the british library at the end of the month for another five first—hand moments of the recent past. but for now, from me and the rest of the witness team, goodbye. a ashamed to be working today, it is
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a lovely day for much of the country -- it is a lovely day for much of the country —— it isa a lovely day for much of the country —— it is a shame. and a much better day in cumbria where we had showers yesterday, northern england feels warmer. some showers around in the far north of the mainland to find some rainbows and the cloud has been committed in two parts of scotland to give a scattering of showers —— coming in to scotland. it is nice and sunny to end the day in the south—east. it will the main dry with light winds for the world athletics championships. elsewhere through the afternoon into the evening, some good sunshine around, most evening, some good sunshine around, m ost pla ces evening, some good sunshine around, most places fine and dry, not much wind. still a most places fine and dry, not much wind. stillafair most places fine and dry, not much wind. still a fair bit of cloud to end the dates in wales and the
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south—west but sunshine further east. temperatures as high as 23 degrees. it feels warmer across northern england with the light winds and sunshine, a bit more cloud later across northern ireland and we have a speckling of showers in scotland, mostly in the north and one 01’ scotland, mostly in the north and one or two a little pokey but not as wet as yesterday. it was last night and you can see the meteor shower and you can see the meteor shower and if you want to see it tonight, you need to get up early because the cloud increases and there is a better chance in the east of the uk. thickening cloud will bring some rain to northern ireland by midnight and up into scotland and western parts of england and wales by the end of the night. increasing cloud, not as cold as last night but the chances of seeing the meteor shower not as good. some rain tomorrow pushing into scotland, could be heavy at times, some showery rain in
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northern ireland with some heavy bursts and rain from time to time in wales and western england which will bring the temperatures down to 18. try and bright and hazy sunshine in the east and south—east. as the rain develops heading overnight and heavier rain pushes across many parts of the country but that should have cleared by the morning into the north sea and we will have sunshine and showers on tuesday. some heavy and showers on tuesday. some heavy and thundery showers in northern ireland and scotland and north east england. it might be dry, fewer showers and more suds in the south—east and that is the same the rest of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines at three. one woman is killed and several
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people injured after clashes between neo—nazis and counter protesters in charlottesville, virgin you. defiance from the defeated candidate in kenya's disputed presidential election. raila odinga calls on his supporters not to go to work on monday. also in the next hour: sir mo farah scales new heights as he waves goodbye to his illustrious track career.
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