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tv   Life in the Shadow of the Wall  BBC News  August 20, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm BST

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most certainly. that inner confidence that comes from taking on nature in the raw, saying, i have been through things that people can't believe. 80—foot waves, things like that. they can say, i've done that. thank you very much indeed. the 12 yachts will be back in liverpool for the end of the race in july next year. the latest headlines on the way. first, a check on the weather. hello. cloud and patchy rain pushing across south—west england and wales this afternoon. but further east, there are some good spells of sunshine. and whilst the cloud may build through the afternoon, many places away from wales, south—west england and northern ireland will stay largely dry for much of daylight hours. certainly a much improved day across northern ireland and scotland, although temperatures here, 16 or 17 celsius up to 21 or 22 for eastern england. some outbreaks of rain push their way across more southern counties of england overnight, still affecting parts of wales and northern ireland.
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some mist and fog associated with that. mainly dry for northern england and scotland, and a milder night overall than the one just gone, with lows between ten and 16 celsius. quite a humid, muggy night further south. here's our band of rain tomorrow stretched across england and wales up into northern ireland. it fizzles out across much of england and wales, but persists across northern ireland and pushes its way into western parts of scotland and north—west england. but away from there, it should be quite warm in the sunshine. highs of 22 celsius. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines: seven—year—old julian cadman, with dual british and australian citizenship, has been confirmed as one of the victims to die in the terrorist attack in barcelona. police in spain investigating the attacks that claimed 1a lives have said they've seized more than 120 gas canisters in the house which exploded in alcaner on wednesday. police say they do not know if the man suspected of driving the van used in the attack in las ramblas is still in spain. earlier today, the country's king
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and queen attended a special mass in barcelona to honour those killed in the catalonia attacks. in other news, fraudsters aiming to scam people out their pension could soon face fines of up to £500,000, as the government introduces new measures to tackle cold—callers. more on those stories at the top the hour. now on bbc news — as president trump plans his wall between the united states and mexico, we look at life in the shadow of the wall. crowd: build that wall! build that wall! yeah, 0k, 0k. we'll build the wall. we need to build a wall. a big, beautiful wall. build a wall. it was one of his main campaign pledges — to build a wall all along the us—mexico border. a third of it already has
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some sort of barrier, but what are the challenges of trying to seal it off completely? i have completed the first part of this trip, and so far i have travelled along a border where the river is the natural barrier. but from now on, i am going to be visiting places where fences have been in place for years. so we are going to be seeing much more of this. after el paso, ciudad juarez and nogales, iwill finish in the quintessential border town of tijuana, a place where some are struggling to start new lives. back home, you just can't go anywhere here, you start selling drugs just to get by or make money or hustle or whatever. but i am starting my trip in a place where it is not always easy to spot the divide — the twin towns of el paso and ciudad juarez. every morning, luiz drives
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from the mexican side of the border into the us. for many here, it is a way of life. we cannot show his face because his american company doesn't allow him to speak. i leave at 2.30am in the morning, it takes an hour to cross the border. i don't like to be waiting in the line. this is the kind ofjourney that many people make every day to go and work in el paso. myjob is construction. i work for a company that does concrete and right now, we're at the border. it's anotherjob, you know. if they send somebody to drive
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a bus, he is doing a job, you know. myjob isjust to make the wall this time. what have your relatives or friends told you about building this fence? theyjoke with me, they tell me to leave a little open for them to cross. this is the construction site where he is currently working. the first barriers went up in 1994 at the western end of the border. successive governments led by clinton, bush and 0bama extended them all along the frontier. the fence here was erected ten years ago, and luiz is repairing a two—kilometre stretch of it. he believes the american president is fooling himself if he thinks the frontier can be completely sealed off. standing so close to it, it's obviously a very imposing structure. there used to be a smaller fence here, but it's now been replaced with these five—metre high metal posts and the closer
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you get to the fence, the more you wonder how the wall president trump wants to build will serve its purposes and how will it affect the lives and businesses of people in border towns. since the fence was built, ciudad juarez became one of the most violent places in the world. in contrast, el paso is now among the safest cities in the us. they would just cross right here... this is mannys rodriguez. the barrier runs through her backyard. days ago, she saw migrants jumping it with a ladder. we were fixing our truck back here and we heard the voices and we looked outside, but we couldn't see no one and we said, where are the voices coming from? when we saw up, they had a ladder, they built a big, like that swimming pool ladder and theyjust, you know, hooked it up to the fence and they crossed over, then the other one pulled it to the other side. they crossed down. then they just jumped. isaid, oh.
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theyjust, you know, they said, bye! 0n the whole, though, she says things have improved. we have less people crossing. we have less cargo, as we say, crossing over. now, you know, we feel safe. a granddaughter of mexicans, rodriguez supports president trump's plans. as security, yes. as security, yes, i do. i believe that he is trying to protect the us. the way i see it, i would go tojuarez, but i won't trust my daughter to go. right, so that's how i feel. and i'm not saying that i am against mexicans orjuarez or anything, i just wouldn't trust my daughter to go by herself. all along the border there are reminders, like this jacket, that for some the impulse to cross this fence or a future wall may be too strong to stop. i am leaving el paso
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and driving 500 kilometres west to the twin towns of nogales. the first fence went up here in the ‘90s, splitting the town in half. the cartels who control the drug trade and the people smuggling responded by going underground, and they have turned this area into the tunnel capital of the border. i'm joining a patrol of the border tunnels connecting mexico and the united states. we don't know who we might run into, so the police go ahead of us. we don't know what to expect. caution is needed. what just happened 7 smugglers and migrants use the cover of darkness and wait for the right moment to head towards the us end of the tunnel.
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so the policeman just told me that after they turned on the flashlight, they saw someone and this person ran away. minutes later, we catch a glimpse of him in the distance. he is not moving. and sergio is pointing at this person with a flashlight. he believes it's better to back up and alert the police, so we are heading towards the entrance of the tunnel. the traffickers use not only the subterranean infrastructure,
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the authorities have found more than 110 tunnels built by mexican cartels. they call them narco tunnels. in this cemetery, one of them hides in plain sight. this is the entrance of a tunnel which was recently filled in. they used to carry drugs to the other side of the border and as you can see, the fence is just about 100 metres from here. 0n the american side, tony estrada has been a sheriff for 25 years. he isn't sure the wall president trump wants to build will be effective. they're very creative. if you do anything, they'll go under it. they'll go over it and they'll go around it. so it's a phenomenon that's not going to stop. no wall, no matter how beautiful and big and expensive, is going to stop people that are desperate, people that are needy, and people that are poor. arrests of undocumented immigrants in the us have increased by nearly 40%
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since president trump's crackdown. but estrada believes this is missing the point. illegal immigration, as far as i am concerned, pales compared to a drug problem. when you are spending resources on illegal immigration and you are talking about relocating and identifying people living the community that have families and are contributing, it's useless. it's not putting resources to the best. go after them, let's get the criminal agents, but don't bother anybody else. this shelter in nogales opened decades ago. since then, it has received hundreds of thousands of migrants. we find hope and faith, but also sadness and pain. for the last 13 years, this woman has worked in tomato fields. she was picked up trying to get back into the us after visiting family in mexico.
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despite the riskyjourney, she's already planning to go back. if anyone is able to judge the success of a wall, it is perhaps the people smugglers. this one says it has reduced numbers. he was happy to appear on camera, but preferred not to be named. for him, a bigger wall could mean fewer clients, but more money.
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nogales may be another example of the mixed and complex nature of border towns, and of the unintended consequences of building barriers. a wall will stop some people, but others will find a different way around. my final destination on this road trip is tijuana. no other place on the us—mexico frontier has a more intimate relationship with the wall than this city. here, the us government started
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building the border‘s first barrier almost three decades ago. it has shaped the lives, identities and faiths of millions. alonso is a graffiti artist who has lived here for 25 years. the wall, for him, became a canvas, an opportunity to express his feelings towards life in a place divided. his art is born of the desire to show how the barriers affect people, and his own family too. painting on these bricks is a cathartic experience, but he wishes it wasn't there at all. the most frequently crossed border in the world unites two countries
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and there is no indifference to the divisions that engenders. the barriers became a symbol and not a solution to complex problems. i'm an american... mexican rap. 0lmeca is another whose art is defined by the wall. he is a hip hop artist living in the us, but has family on both sides of the border. as artists, we have to reflect our reality. having to cross the border so many times growing up, it definitely resonated with my understanding of restrictions and placing borders on people. so in the same — and i took that to my music,
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i attached that to my music. it's like, if i don't agree there is a border that needs to be crossed in order for people to live in a particular place, i made the effort not to put borders and restrictions on my music. there are an estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the us. 0lmeca has relatives among them, and trump's rhetoric against these people has left him dreading the prospect of his family breaking up. i had a family member that had to go into a government building, and from the moment we got the scheduled date to the actual date, there's a lot of tension, there's a lot of arguments at home. because why, because of the fear. there is a very real fear that anything could happen to our families at any given moment. 0lmeca sees it as an artistic beauty to continue highlighting what he sees as controversial issues.
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there's very abnormal behaviour and relationships between government agencies, federal agencies and local enforcement, that's something that's abnormal, it's not normal. i feel that's all we can do, is challenge. i feel music needs to be an act of expression that is thought—provoking and i don't agree that you can make music without reflecting your reality. if deported, his relative may end up here in tijuana. the city receives more deportees than any other along the border. for the deported, it's a painful contradiction. they feel like foreigners in the country they were born in. that's my mother... chris's tattoos tell a story of a rough life.
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as a youngster, he got involved in gangs, guns and drugs, spending his teenage years in jail in the us, but he was deported to mexico because he was born there. he was dropped into a place he barely knew, having to speak a language he had already forgotten. i think about what i want to say in english, and i have to translate it in my mind to be able to say it. some words, i can't even pronounce in spanish. that's really the reason why call centres have worked out for me. this is a call centre in tijuana in northern mexico. many of the people working here have been deported from the us. hello, this is chris, the purpose for my call is to inform you that your manufacturer warranty has expired on your 2012 chevy... it might be surprising to people in the states to know they're talking to tattooed ex—gang members, and surely rival gangs in the same workplace is a recipe for disaster. you have maybe some southerners, those are —
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they represent, like, the number 13, usually they're from the south. and then you have a group of people like us and some of my friends who are northerners and who are with the number 1a. in the states, we can't stand seeing each other and we can't, for the most part, there's not even talking, nothing like that, we see each other and it's just bad business and we just go at it. no questions asked. here, you know, we keep it respectful and make it work. for the sake of workplace and trying to live a peaceful life. this gentleman right here in the row where i'm sitting, he has a tattoo on his arm and face... chris is a supervisor here, and doesn't even think of going back to his old life. but the new one hasn't been easy. sometimes people don't give
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you that opportunity, they see you and they're like, "doesn't know any better". stupid little gangster doesn't want to be here, stupid druggy or addict, deportee, however they want to label you, they look down on you. tijuana may be a few miles from the states, but it's a different world. believe me, because i've done it back on... —— back home. you just can't go anywhere here and start selling drugs to get by or make money or hustle or whatever. it doesn't work like that. you need permission here from somebody and who that is, god knows, but, you know, if you don't have the permission, you can pretty much count on you being found dead somewhere. i've travelled across town to an evangelical church housing haitian migrants.
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it's a place to worship, but it's also a shelter and a place of limbo. thousands of them are stranded. they fled their country after the 2010 earthquake but are unable to enter the us, due to an 0bama policy aimed at dissuading more haitians from arriving. christopher and his countrymen are the latest example of the stories that for decades have been part of this town. tijuana is a place of aspirations, broken dreams, of new beginnings. it's a city where people have learned to navigate
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being so close to the us, and yet so far. so that's it. the end of my road trip. it has been a fascinating journey along a part of the world that belongs to mexico and the us and in a way to neither. this is a land of paradox, a land of extremes. it can be cruel, violent and imposing and at the same time beautiful, gentle, and gracious. it is a place where people have learned to live in a strange intimacy with a wall, and probably many more will have to do the same. on this trip, i have seen the challenges of building more barriers, talked to people happy with a wall in the backyard and to those that believe that more fences won't stop migrants, nor drugs.
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this border is, after all, home to millions of people that, no matter what you think of the wall, now face a dramatic, momentous and divisive time. hello. it looks like temperatures will be slowly rising over the coming days. the reason mainly is that the system approaching the uk today has some moist, tropical air in bed in it. it is actually the remnants of an ex hurricane. it means there is much more moisture around, which is why we are starting to see more cloud pushing in through the west in the afternoon. this is weston—super—mare earlier in the day. ahead of the system, good spells of sunshine,
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which we are likely to keep across eastern areas through until this evening. further south and west, it is this band of rain pushing its way across many southern counties of england. parts of the midlands as well overnight, lingering into northern ireland, mist and fog. dry for northern england. temperatures across southern counties could be around 15 or 16 celsius. here is our band of rain tomorrow morning, mist and fog around. draped across england and wales and up into northern ireland. fizzles out across england and wales, but continues into northern ireland, pushing through north—west england and western scotland in the afternoon. away from here, mainly dry, some breaks in the cloud, not many, but a slightly warmer feel. highs of 20 or 21 celsius. this slow—moving system is still with us on tuesday, we are looking at further outbreaks of rain in northern ireland and scotland. more unsettled here. drawing up some warm, humid airfrom the near continent.
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temperatures likely to be even higher on tuesday. away from northern ireland and scotland, it should be mainly dry. more in the way of sunshine, helping temperatures up to 23 and maybe up to 26. we hold the across the east. —— we hold onto the warmth. changes further west courtesy of this cold front. behind it, fresher air. but also more persistent and locally heavy rain again for northern ireland and scotland during wednesday. some of that may filter down into north—west england. otherwise, a largely dry day. fresher conditions arriving into northern ireland through the afternoon. ahead of that cold front, temperatures still into the mid if not high 20s. this is how the week pans out. warmerfor a time, especially midweek. the rain most likely in the north. this is bbc news. the headlines at five o'clock.
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0fficials confirm that seven—year—old british boy, julian cadman, died in the attack in barcelona — his mother is still in hospital. earlier today the country's king and queen attend a special mass in barcelona to honour those killed in the catalonia attacks. police say the terror cell had collected more than 120 gas cannisters in the house which exploded in alcaner. fraudsters aiming to scam people out their pension could soon face face fines of up to half a million pounds. 500 people are thought to be dead after floods across south asia. the red cross say five million people have been affected
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