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tv   Newsday  BBC News  September 4, 2017 1:00am-1:31am BST

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i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: international condemnation of north korea's latest and most powerful nuclear test as the us issues a blunt warning. any threat to the united states or its territories, including guam, or allies, will be met with a massive military response, both effective and overwhelming. kim jong un‘s regime hails the test a "perfect success" and says america faces the "greatest disaster" unless it backs down. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: myanmar‘s exodus continues. more than 70,000 rohingya muslims flee into bangladesh to escape persecution and violence. and south asia's devastating floods leave millions destitute. aid agencies say they're struggling to cope. live from our studios in singapore
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and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. glad you could join us. it's 8am in singapore, 1am in the morning in london, and 8pm in washington where the trump administration has warned north korea that it risks a "massive military response" if it threatens the us or its allies. it follows pyongyang's most powerful nuclear test to date. in response, south korea has just carried out its own ballistic missile exercise. the un security council will hold an emergency meeting later on monday to discuss its response. in a moment, we report from tokyo and beijing, but first our correspondent, yogita limaye, who's in seoul. it was a perfect success, the newsreader declared,
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as she announced north korea was close to achieving its nuclear goals. the country says it's detonated a hydrogen bomb small enough to be fitted to an intercontinental missile. this is kimjong—un inspecting what north korea claims is such a device. if true, it would mean that pyongyang is now capable of launching a nuclear attack on cities in the united states. this unprecedented threat prompted president trump to say... any threat to the united states or its territories, including guam, or our allies, will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming. it is a strong message to south korea's president, who for months has said talking
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to north korea was a solution. today, he expressed outrage and disappointment. translation: north korea has made an absurd tactical mistake by committing a series of provocations, such as launching icbm missiles and conducting a nuclear test, which has heightened tentions on the peninsula and is threatening world peace. it will isolate them further. south korea is most worried, because it has the most to lose. and that is why, even though military measures like these bombing drills are held in the face of the threat from north korea, it is hard to see what further action can be taken. it's certainly our view that none of the military options are good. the distance between north korea and seoul is very, very small. they could basically vaporise large parts of the south korean population, even with conventional weapons. here in seoul, a city that is home to tens of millions of people,
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we are only about 50 kilometres from the border with north korea, and at any given time, a mass of weapons is pointing in this direction. and that is why, rather than take a military route, the international community has been trying to put economic pressure on pyongyang. but that isn't working, either, and the impact of every move kim jong—un makes is felt notjust in the korean peninsula, but also across the sea injapan. the pod under the belly of this japanese air force jet can sniff the airfor radiation. this afternoon, it roared off towards north korea, to do just that. it's less than a week since north korea fired this missile across japan. for prime minister abe, this is becoming an unwelcome routine.
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translation: together with the us, south korea, china, and russia, japan will take determined action against north korea. north korea may now have tested a nuclear device that is small enough to put on top of a ballistic missile that could be fired at the united states. and, for the government here injapan, that is very disturbing, because it raises a very troubling question. in future, will the united states be willing to risk one of its own cities, say for example, denver, in order to protect seoul and tokyo? this afternoon, the us ambassador rushed to see japan's foreign minister to reassure him. no action taken by the north koreans will in any way deter our commitment. japan and the us may have the military might to deter north korea, but they have few other levers to pressure pyongyang. only one country does, and that is china. china was quite literally
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shaken by the blast. north korea's nuclear test site is only 60 miles from the border. it will have sent a diplomaticjolt, too, coming just before president xi jinping opened this international summit. although he made no direct reference, he warned of the challenges to world peace. 0n state tv, the message was more blunt, with an official statement strongly condemning the test. there can be little doubt that the government here in beijing is rattled. once again, it has had to order emergency radiation monitoring along the border. but, despite the frustration, as always, it may be reluctant to punish north korea too hard. china has recently been stopping cargoes of coal and seafood,
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in line with toughened un sanctions. but its biggest fear is not nuclear weapons. it's the chaos that would come with the economic collapse of the impoverished state shrouded in darkness on the other side of this river. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. well, south korea's military has carried out a test of its own conventional weapons. the government said it was an exercise designed to show their capability and high state of alert. let's get the latest on that. 0ur correspondent, robin brant, is in seoul. we had news of this 2.5 al—assir go inajoint we had news of this 2.5 al—assir go in a joint statement from joint chief of staff. —— it involved the south korean air force and the army. air—to—air missiles and land to aid the missiles were used. —— air. they hit accurately, successfully, and
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that was in a mission designed to replicate an attack on the side of nuclear weapons area in north korea yesterday. this is designed to show south korea's ongoing state of alert, very high alert, and all suit its capabilities in terms of defending itself and also to reassure the people in the city who have lived for a long time with the prospect of military confrontation with the neighbours in north korea. ballistic missiles were used. they are conventional weapons. south korea does not have nuclear weapons. there has been talks in recent weeks of perhaps bringing american nuclear weapons, tactical weapons, back to the south here, but at the moment, nothing further on that. is there anything more about discussions that may have taken place between south korea and its ally, america? we know
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that donald trump has spoken with shinzo abe, japan's prime minister. we know various south korean officials were speaking yesterday to rex tillerson, the us secretary of state. what we know in terms of communications between washington and seoul is that criticism and attack surprisingly from donald trump on president moon, the president of south korea, elected a few months ago, who wants to extend the all of ranch to north korea. —— olive branch. he criticised south korea's president, saying what he described as appeasement did not work. the north understandsjust described as appeasement did not work. the north understands just one thing, the donald trump said. -- donald. thank you. we will keep you up—to—date on that later in the programme. also making news today. thousands of people from myanmar‘s rohingya minority, are continuing to cross the border into neighbouring bangladesh.
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they're escaping a military crackdown after rohingya militants attacked police positions a week ago. aid agencies believe almost 73,000 people have fled, with human rights groups accusing the burmese army of atrocities and indiscriminate violence. 0ur correspondent, sanjoy majumder, has been to the border. this is the main land route through which the rohingyas are now entering bangladesh. 0n the other side of the mountain is myanmar, and they say they can slip in without being detected easily. but it also means that they have a steep climb through the mountain, and they have to walk through the forests and wade through the streams before they can get to one of the refugee camps. but at least they are alive. also this hour. one of cambodia's last independent newspapers has announced it will close after authorities ordered it to pay a huge tax bill.
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the cambodia daily has often been critical of the government. the announcement comes just hours after the country's opposition leader, kem sokha, was arrested for treason. prime minister hun sen has accused mr sokha of plotting with the us to harm cambodia. with just three weeks to go until germany votes in a general election, chancellor angela merkel has been facing her main rival, martin schulz, in a live tv debate. much of the sparring focussed on immigration but there was agreement that turkey should not become part of the european union. a survey of voters showed mrs merkel, who is seeking a fourth term as german chancellor, won the debate. the governor of texas has put the cost of clearing up after storm system harvey at as much as $180 billion. greg abbot said the damage was worse than that caused by hurricane katrina in new orleans in 2005. now, you may not recognise this tennis player. she's anastasija sevastova, and she has ended the us open hopes of maria sharapova. the former champion was playing in a grand slam for the first time since returning to the sport following her drugs ban. full details coming your way in sport today.
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do you remember this? the american guitarist and songwriter, walter becker, from the band steely dan, has died at the age of 67. the band blurred musical boundaries through their mix ofjazz, rock and pop, with hits such as "reelin‘ in the years" and "deacon blues." let's get more on our top story. and there's widespread international condemnation of north korea's latest test. as we heard the un is holding a second emergency security council meeting in less than a week on north korea later on monday, and south korea conducted its own live—fire exercise simulating an attack on the north's nuclear site. john park, the director of the korea working group and an adjunct lecturer at the harvard kennedy school, offered us his analysis. well, rico, we have seen south korea
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respond in this fashion in recent episodes. i think this is now part of the landscape there. but you have to look at the gap. north korea's testing capabilities, a weapons system and steps towards that, that is in the realm of the great powers. a nuclear icbm is something that a country of a little over 20 million — we haven't seen this before, in the history of international relations. so there is something of a gap whenever we see these types of responses. alright, but this response from south korea does add to the already tense situation in the region. it definitely will. it will add, and i'm sympathetic to these kinds of responses. but we do have to look at it in the context of the north korean programme. there is a parallel development of a nuclear warhead, as well as the delivery capabilities, and north korea is getting closer to achieving this final goal of combining the two. but in terms of these responses,
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we're looking at different policies that frankly are far from the goal here in the sense of trying to constrain a north korean nuclear weapons programme. to way to frame it right now is that the north korean nuclear weapons programme is completely unconstrained. all right. what about a response from north korea's allies, russia and china? beijing and moscow have come up with a statement saying, quote, "they will appropriately deal with a test." does this upset both beijing and moscow? both countries are very alarmed by the development, and is notjust focused on north korea or other countries. and it's a combination of these countries and the cycle of instability and insecurity that we are seeing right now. so, from where beijing and moscow sits, the developments are alarming, but they have consistently framed it in terms of a diplomatic solution. right now, the two are proponents of the freeze—for—freeze. moscow and beijing have been saying
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that, in return for north korea freezing its nuclear weapons programme, the united states and south korea freeze their military exercises, as one formula to try and bring security back to the peninsula. but no—one is interested in that approach right now. but the latest test of north korea, mr park, is more provocative than the previous ones. shouldn't beijing and moscow be more aggressive? well, right now the north korean programme is very far advanced. and my concern, and concern shared by other north korean watchers in the community here, is that by applying some of these measures we are actually going to see a situation where the north koreans continue to accelerate their development programme. the idea of a window of opportunity closing, and racing for the bomb, if you will. so we are seeing a situation which is becoming increasingly destabilised. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: romance over royalty. japan's princess mako gives
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up her title to marry a commoner. she received the nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and dying in india's slums. the head of the catholic church said mother teresa was a wonderful example of how to help people in need. we have to identify the bodies, then arrange the coffins and take them back home. parents are waiting and wives are waiting. hostages appeared, some carried, some running, trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today, described by all to whom she reached out as irreplaceable. an early—morning car crash in a paris underpass ended a life
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with more than its share of pain and courage, warmth and compassion. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon, in singapore. i'm babita sharma, in london. our top stories: the us defence secretary, james mattis, has said there would be a massive military response to any threat to the us or its allies after north korea tested its most powerful nuclear device yet. kim jong—un's regime hailed the test a "perfect success" and said america faces the "greatest disaster" unless it backs down. meanwhile south korea has carried out its own test. now it was the bomb that forced tens of thousands
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to evacuate their homes in germany. a 1.8 ton british world war two explosive was successfully defused by bomb disposal experts in frankfurt. the bomb was nicknamed ‘blockbuster‘ during the war for its ability to wipe out whole streets. that story is popular on the most devastating floods to hit south asia have killed many people. focusing now on the lack of preparing those, many areas see the authorities are struggling to get aid to millions of people. they're mixing up huge pots of vegetable curry and dhal, food for those left destitute by the floods, and there is no shortage of demand. i'm helpless, raju tells me. the floods took everything we own. it was terrifying, says kavita.
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there was just so much water. we were lucky to survive. but you can rebuild a house or replant a field. there are some things you never recover from. so they came down here to get provisions, and the water was just up to their knees. and then, when they turned to go back, suddenly there was this great surge of water came down, and it dragged them away, dragged the father and the women away, and the women managed to grab hold of the trees down here. she said she watched as her father was swept away. translation: now, he's gone. what do i do? sometimes i wish i had been washed away with him. this was the worst flood in the region for decades. almost a metre of rain fell in just two days, across a vast area of nepal and north india. it came down the river
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as a great pulse of water. just look at this enormous embankment, and just imagine for a moment the force needed to punch this hole into it. and the fear is that climate scientists say that extreme weather events like this, and the destruction they bring with them, are only going to get more common. and that is a terrifying prospect for vulnerable communities like these. justin rowlatt, bbc news, bihar. well, these amazing pictures of a rescue in china have sparked let's take a look at some front pages from around the world, which are largely dominated by north korea's latest nuclear test.
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the asia edition of the financial times says president donald trump has now left open the possibility of a military attack against pyongyang. it highlights growing concerns that pyongyang is getting closer to being able to hit the us with an intercontinental ballistic missile. the south china morning post says china and the us led the world in condemning north korea. it adds that beijing and moscow say they will — i quote — "appropriately deal with" the test, which the paper says appeared to be timed to coincide with the opening of the brics summit. the front page of the japan times similarly headlines the north korea nuclear test. but it also features a picture of the forthcoming nuptials of princess mako, the eldest grandchild of emperor akihito and how she has given up her royal duties for love. we'll hear from the couple in a few minutes' time. a miracle rescue has caught the
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attention of people online.. a miracle rescue has caught the attention of people online. a young boy fell into a well. a young boy fell into a well in xi'an in shaanxi province. mechanical excavators were called in, and then, once the boy was located, oxygen was pumped into the narrow well shaft to ensure he didn't suffocate. it took ten hours before he was finally pulled back to safety. and he was then re—united with his family before being taken to hospital. you'll be glad to know, he's doing well. that is wonderful news. a handful of world leaders are expected in china. brazil, russia, india and china and south africa as well as egypt, mexico, guinea and thailand. 5 million
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refugees north korea is a long—term ally. china respects that. there is ally. china respects that. there is a strategic bargaining chip. the us does not focus on other more sensitive issues like taiwan. a lot of issues that make china not want to see is the regime collapse but certainly not cause trouble. everybody knows you have a heart of gold but what would you do the love? may be give up myjob. i would give up my may be give up myjob. i would give up myjob may be give up myjob. i would give up my job for
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may be give up myjob. i would give up myjob for love. may be give up myjob. i would give up my job for love. what about you? yes, i could do that. i think i could do that. a sense of hesitation there laughter would we do that for each other is make let's see. well, out that it that's what the granddaughter of japan's emperor is doing after falling in love with a commoner. for princess mako to get married to the man she met at university she has to give up her royal status. the couple have just got the official go—ahead to get engaged and here's what they had to say. translation: i have received permission for the engagement. i am
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very happy. he warmly supports me. i was first attracted to his bright smile, just like the sun. as i got to know him i became fond of his personality. he is generous and sincere, he has strong convictions and he works hard to achieve his goals. translation: the princess watches me quietly like the moon. i am attracted to her affectionate personality. and she also has strong convictions. together we would like to make a home where we can always be ourselves and live in peace. true love. thank you forjoining us and see you again soon. after a weekend of two halves,
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this week's weather takes us on a little bit of a journey but things are a bit quieter for this time of the week. i will start with a few images from sunday's weather. after all that saturday sunshine, grey skies, some rain around, the further east you are, you did not get that rain until late on and the weather system that brought it is starting to fizzle out but we are left, as monday begins, with plenty of cloud, low cloud with misty murky coast and hill fog around. damp and drizzly in places. quite warm and humid air across us. look these temperatures to eight am. not as breezy as it has been into england and wales. a chance of light rain across parts of north england and scotland. dry start in northern ireland but this band of wet weather will move in and push across scotland during the day. still windy for some of us here, especially the further north you are. risk of gales into shetland. 0n through the day. after the cloud to begin with, it brightens up a bit in england and well, especially east wales
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and through northern, central, southern and eastern england. if you get any sunny spells for any period of time, it could be quite warm. could reach 2a celsius, perhaps a chance of this shower. band of rain in northern ireland with outbreaks in scotland but the further west you are, especially in the late afternoon, it could brighten up once again. the rain is not done with us. on monday night it will pep up again through this zone here, back into parts of northern ireland, scotland and northern england and wales before going into tuesday this energy will run out eastwards into the north sea. we are left on tuesday with this weather front still heading south—east, just not as much rain associated with it. a cold front, the leading edge of cool fresh air so there is a change to the feel of the weather coming away by the end of it through the north—west. pushing south eastwards across england on tuesday, behind that, but as you can see, sunny weather.
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and then we embark on that quiet spell of weather for a couple of days. wednesday just a few showers in the west, variable cloud and sunshine. many of us dry on thursday but it looks that we will see another weather system bearing down on parts of scotland and northern ireland as we go on through thursday. this week's weather then, and a humid warm start if you see sunshine, could then turn cool and fresh with sunny spells and showers for a few days by the end of the week, thursday night into friday it looks like it will be turning wet and windy for a time. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: there's been international condemnation of north korea's latest and most powerful nuclear test. us defence secretary, james mattis, said there would be a massive military response to any threat to the us or its allies. meanwhile south korea has carried out its own military exercise firing missiles from fighter
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jets and the ground. reports from myanmar suggest more rohingya muslim villages have been burned down. the un says more than 70,000 refugees have now crossed the border to bangladesh in the past week. and this video is trending on the most devastating floods to hit south asia in a decade have killed more than 1,400 people and focused attention on the lack of preparedness for annual monsoon rains. in many areas the authorities are struggling to get aid to millions of destitute people. you're up—to—date. stay with us. more to come. and the top story here in the uk: hospital managers in england have called for an emergency financial
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