tv BBC News at Five BBC News September 4, 2017 5:00pm-6:01pm BST
today at five — the us envoy to the un urges the security council to take the "strongest possible measures" against north korea after its latest nuclear test. following pyongyang's claim to have tested an advanced hydrogen bomb at the weekend — the united states said the actions of kim jong—un couldn't be tolerated any longer. his abusive use of missiles and his nuclear threats show that he is begging for war. war is never something the united states wants. we don't want it now. but our country's patience is not unlimited. south korea have been carrying out live fire exercises in response to the test and say that the north is preparing another missile launch. we'll have the latest from the un security council meeting. a new sanctions resolution will be circulated and voted on next week. the other main stories
on bbc news at 5.00. after ten staff are suspended at an immigration detention centre — a former manager says gas were warned about such problems three years ago. downing street says the uk is ready to "intensify" brexit talks with the european union rather than stick to the one—week—a—month schedule. the northern ireland secretaryjames brokenshire says he'll be forced to pass a budget unless the main parties reach a deal over power—sharing at stormont. kensington palace announces that the duke and duchess of cambridge are expecting their third child — the royal family say they are "delighted". sir, sorry to bother you. how are you feeling about the news that you are you going to be an uncle again? fanastic, great, very happy for them. how's your sister—in—law in doing? i haven't seen her in a while but i think she's 0k. good evening and welcome to the bbc news at five.
the united states is to present a new sanctions resolution to the united nations, in the wake of north korea's latest nuclear test. washington's ambassador to the un nikki haley told an emergency meeting of the council in new york that the time has come to exhaust all diplomatic means. she accused north korea of "begging for war." in a minute, we'll have the latest from the us — but first robin brant reports from seoul on the background to this afternoon's emergency debate. after the north's nuclear explosion underground, this from the south. a series of missile launches above ground. from land and from the air, south korea's armed forces carried out a dummy raid early on monday. it was designed to replicate an attack on north korea's nuclear testing site. this was how north koreans
heard about the perfect success that was their nation's sixth nuclear missile test on sunday. it was more powerful than any before, and came with claims that kim jong—un now has the ability to order a nuclear strike on mainland america. fresh from briefing the president of the united states, america's defence secretary gave this very stark warning. any threat to the united states or territories, including guam, or our allies, will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming. in the aftermath of this latest nuclear test, one of the most troubling things to emerge is evidence of a split between south korea and the united states. its main security guarantor. but it came from, you guessed it, a tweet. president trump has attacked notjust the north, but also his counterpart in the south, an ally. he criticised what he called
south korea's appeasement. calling out your ally is not business as usual, but as things undoubtedly heat up here in seoul, some think it is their president who has the right approach to cooling things down. translation: it's our country's business. i hope president trump will refrain from making comments like that. this man said, "about the appeasement, i think we need two tracks, sanctions and dialogue at the same time". the views of this man are very important, china's president. north korea's only ally. he had a summit of world leaders upset by the nuclear test. he and russia's president putin have promised to deal appropriately with their rogue neighbour. as the us reminds the world that nuclear weapons are an option here, the focus once again at an emergency un meeting will be on sanctions, economic pressure. the talk now, though, in south korea, is of beefing up the military options.
with new evidence the north may launch another missile test soon, the signs are this is becoming more about missiles than meetings. robin brant, bbc news, seoul, south korea. just to tell you a couple of lines coming through. reaction coming through all the time. vladimir putin saying that the north korea crisis can only be resolved through diplomacy and talks. that's what we're hearing from the kremlin. the crisis can only be solved through diplomacy and talks. well, the un security council is meeting now to discuss further sanctions against north korea. the us ambassador addressed the emergency meeting in new york. she said that the council must take the strongest possible measures against
north korea following that test. she said that years of incremental sanctions had failed. enough is enough. despite the best of intentions, and incremental approach has not worked. no doubt members will advocate a return to talks but we have engaged in numerous multilateral talks with north korea and time after time they have not worked. the time for half measures in the security council is over. the time has come to exhaust all of our diplomatic means before it is too late. we must now adopt the strongest possible measures. the chinese ambassador accused the north koreans of acting against their own best interests and warned of a worsening situation in the region.
the situation on the peninsular is deteriorating as we speak, falling into a vicious circle. the peninsular issue must be solved peacefully. china will never allow chaos and war on the peninsular. the parties concerned must strengthen their sense of urgency, take due responsibilities and play that you rolls. take practical measures and joint efforts together. and prevent further deterioration of the situation on the peninsular. that was china's ambassador. our correspondent richard lister is in washington. bring is up—to—date with what is being said and the main air, richard. there is unity within the
united nations security council about its condemnation of the north korean nuclear test. that was clear from everybody that has spoken. nobody believes it is a good idea that north korea has pursued this programme. when it comes to how you actually deal with that and what response the un should take, there are deep divisions. we heard from the us ambassador to the un saying really clearly, amplifying donald trump's words, talking is not the answer. clearly, that is not the a nswer answer. clearly, that is not the answer now. they believe talking has not achieved anything and has left a stronger north korea and that the strongest possible sanctions must be put in place. they believe anybody trading with north korea is possibly supporting their nuclear programme. the chinese and the russians have a different view. they both say there
needs to be drawing back of the kind of militarism that we have seen by the sides. they are proposing a freeze for freeze. that the united states and south korea stop joint exercises on the border and north korea freezes its weapons programme. nikki haley described that process as insulting. it is clear that both sides are taking very different approaches. with me is our security correspondent frank gardner. what is the role particularly of china here? it is absolutely key. china here? it is absolutely key. china holds the key to resolving this, if it chooses to. they will be heads down, trying to work outjust what they should do. the one country that really has got a good insight into what is going on in north korea and can influence it is china. south
korea has a degree of optic on it because they have their own agents inside there but china is very heavily dependent on their north korea's trade survival. north korea has a tiny border with russia and its biggest border is with china. the problem is, china and the us have a future potential conflict in the making when it comes to the south china sea. china probably knows a lot more intelligence about north korea than it is sharing. it does not want to share it up to now. there have been allegations that chinese parts have been found in missile fragments that have fallen into the sea. that there is chinese collusion in some of the weapons programme. the chinese don't want to comment on that. there is also speculation about whether they knew in advance about this particular weapons test. they chose not to respond to that obligation. north
korea is an intelligence failure for the west. it is a very difficult intelligence target for them. it is very ha rd to intelligence target for them. it is very hard to spy on it because it is a sealed country, a hermit kingdom. it has an internal internet, not the internet as we know it. north koreans can't go online as we can. they are not open to the outside world. it is very hard to cyber penetrate it, in the way that the us and israel could do with iran to slow down its weapons programme. north korea has raced ahead with both its intercontinental ballistic missile programme and militarising its nuclear warheads to the extent that it has caught the west napping. the defence analysts in washington and mi6 and elsewhere have been caught, frankly, with their trousers down. nikki haley is also saying
that it down. nikki haley is also saying thatitis down. nikki haley is also saying that it is a diplomacy failing. she has said there has been talks were 20 years and look where we are now. north korea has welshed on some of the deals. some people would say that it has been provoked by some of these drills that have been carried out by north south korea and the us. others would say that is self defence. in secret, they have gone far further defence. in secret, they have gone farfurther in defence. in secret, they have gone far further in modernising defence. in secret, they have gone farfurther in modernising their whole programme than people had imagined. some of these tests were underground. the latest one was at a height of about 6000 feet. about 2000 metres, but underground. it was held in a mountain but below ground. they were able to seal off lot of the. normally, the us would send a sniffer plane along the borders but very few of the gases are escaping so it is difficult to analyse whether it was a hydrogen bomb, far
more powerful than an atom bomb because it uses fusion rather than efficient. don't as me about the science but they are a lot more powerful. frank, thank you for that. the security firm gas took the action after the footage appeared to show abusive and violent behaviour by staff towards detainees at the centre near gatwick airport. a former senior manager at the centre has told the bbc that he warned gas about the behaviour of some staff three years ago. the company says there's no place for such behaviour in it's workforce. i should warn you that there are some distressing scenes in alison holt‘s report. detainees custody officer calum tully wearing a hidden camera ca ptu res tully wearing a hidden camera captures life inside brookhouse immigration removal centre near gatwick airport. it's a volatile mix
of hardened former prisoners alongside asylum seekers, visa over stayers and others. the undercover filming shows drugs are rife. self harm is common and officers struggled to cope. many doing their best with detainees in real mental distress. others reacting with bullying, abuse and bullying. —— and threats. 21—year—old callum has worked at the centre for two years. he became so worried about what he was saying that he decided to whistle—blower. once you are according in that machine, you need a level of closure. i couldn't havejust machine, you need a level of closure. i couldn't have just walked away and left. and on one day while
wearing a hidden camera, he called other officers in to help him restrain a detainees who was trying to harm himself. the situation quickly escalated. this officer comes in and just chokes him, basically. just exerts all his pressure from his hands and arms onto this guy's neck. you see his eyes rolled to the back of his head. i had to try and look as though i wasn't disturbed by what i was seeing. it was just messing wasn't disturbed by what i was seeing. it wasjust messing me up. the officer involved has told panorama he can't think of anything he has done which would get him into trouble. gas says it is investigating all the allegations and will take appropriate action onceit and will take appropriate action once it has seen all the evidence.
but three years ago, nathan ward said he warned gas bosses about the attitude of some staff. he's now a priest but used to be a senior gas manager. there is this culture amongst brookhouse residential staff thatis amongst brookhouse residential staff that is as though they are protected in their behaviourand that is as though they are protected in their behaviour and it goes unchallenged. these are the notes that he read out at his resignation meeting. there was a group that concerned me on their relationships with detainees. it was around language that they used, a sense of roughness and the use of force. gas says it investigates all complaints and has whistle—blowing procedures. they decide who spent time inside immigration centres like this. some spend months or even years in such
places. even though they are supposed to be only for short—term accommodation. this man was in for nearly a year after finishing a prison sentence. his flight home has been cancelled because his papers weren't correct. he is upset. now, back in algeria, he says the uncertainty over how long detainees will be held made him and others desperate. waiting game, man. you never know how long you are going to be. one day, one year, orthree never know how long you are going to be. one day, one year, or three or four years. the home office says it's increasing the number of prisoners it's removing from the country and that the dignity and safety of those in its care is of the utmost importance. and you can see the full panorama investigation tonight here on bbc one at 9.00pm.
this is bbc news at five. the headlines — the united states is to present a new sanctions resolution to the united nations in the wake of north korea's latest nuclear test. the security firm gas was one of three yea rs security firm gas was one of three years ago about problems with the behaviour of some of its staff towards detainees at brookhouse detention centre according to a former senior manager. and downing street says the uk is ready to intensify brexit talks with the european union rather than stick to the one week a month schedule. another busy night of world cup qualifiers. england will be captained byjordan henderson as they face slovakia in their group at wembley. scotland face malta at hampden park. the draw for northern ireland against the czech republic
will guarantee second in their group and the likely play—off spot for russia. and that the us open, the world number one has reached the quarterfinals after a straight sets win againstjennifer brady. roger federer and rafa nadal play later. downing street says the prime minister is ready to increase the pace of brexit negotiations — suggesting they should be continuous rather than for one week every month. mps also this week begin debating draft legislation on withdrawing from the european union. the bill, which is seen as a key plank of the government's brexit policy, transfers eu law into uk legislation. our political correspondent iain watson is at westminster:
house of commons tomorrow. have to the break it is an virginity to ask about the progress of the negotiations in brussels. it's interesting that the downing street are willing to increase the pace of negotiations. they are very frustrated about the eu's unwillingness to yet discuss trading relationships in future. they say they are exploring ways in which they are exploring ways in which they can increase the pace of talks, perhaps meeting more regularly. nothing has been agreed yet. the next big challenge is on thursday, dean rock you —— the eu withdrawal bill will be debated in the house of commons. it cut and pastes eu law into british law. the big change is that immigration will be dealt with in separate legislation. it gives an
opportunity for those who oppose the government to make mischief and certainly the government are worried that more pro—eu mps in their ranks might be willing to cause problems. earlier, chancellor philip hammond read them the riot act.|j earlier, chancellor philip hammond read them the riot act. i say, now is not the time to disrupt this vitally important piece of enabling legislation. we are making progress in our discussions with the european union. we are mapping out a course for britain's future. i am confident that we will be able to achieve the kind of strategic partnership that we want with the european union as an independent country.|j we want with the european union as an independent country. i think it's interesting that philip hammond is offering a strong advice to his backbenchers. it's unlikely that at this stage the brexit legislation, pro—remain mps will rebel but they might want to make further changes down the line. labour are under no
obligation to help the government. they are the opposition. they have been signalling that they will try to make fundamental changes to this bill are especially where they think ministers are taking too much power away from parliament over brexit or where westminster might want to hoard powers that might otherwise go from brussels to devolved administration is in cardiff, edinburgh. this is john mcdonnell. we will try and ensure that whatever happens, any legislation going through will respect the will of the people which is basically taking back control from brussels but making sure it is democratic control. we cannot allow this control. we cannot allow this control by the executive in this way. you are willing to hold up the administrative process on this? way. you are willing to hold up the administrative process on this7m is not a matter of that. it is about getting the right legislation. the problem for labour is that they
don't have enough votes to get this through because of the government support from the dup. i'm not yet convinced that the eu is going to be willing to concede to the british demands to speed up the process either. political correspondent iain watson at westminster. some news coming in from cornwall in the last few minutes. we are hearing that a major air and sea search is underway of north cornwall after two men were reported as having been swept off rocks into water. this all started around 2:30pm when uk coastguard received a 999 call from a member of the public who said they'd seen two men in the water. now, this is west of triano and bay in north cornwall. they are calling
ita in north cornwall. they are calling it a massive air and sea search. we'll bring you any further developments on that. a senior police officer is warning that forces in england and wales are heading towards a perfect storm, because of staff cuts and rising crime. the president of the police superintendents‘ association, gavin thomas, says a policing model based on fewer officers doing more is fundamentally flawed. the home office says calls for extra funding are still under discussion. here's our home affairs correspondent danny shaw. is the thin blue line becoming too thin? yes, says the police superintendents‘ association. it represents 1,000 middle ranking officers — the men and women who make the key operational decisions. the superintendents are concerned there are fewer police officers doing more and working longer hours in a more challenging environment. the man who leads the organisation believes that's a model of policing which is fundamentally flawed.
my members are saying they're doing their best. they lead highly committed, professional police officers. they're highly committed, too. but there is only so much we can expect from our police service before this starts showing — things are starting to stretch beyond their limit now. the superintendents‘ association conducted a survey of its members about work pressures. 72% of those who responded said they didn‘t use all the annual leave they were entitled to. 50% of superintendents said they had signs of anxiety and over a quarter, 27%, were experiencing symptoms of depression linked to the demands of their work. a recent study by the police federation, which represents 120,000 officers, suggested most felt under—valued and under—paid and wouldn‘t recommend the job. what we are seeing is the front line resources being dwindled back, which means those on the front line are having to do more work. this has to stop.
it is non—sustainable. we need mechanisms in place to ensure that this does not continue moving forward. the home office said it is piloting a new national service to provide welfare support to officers who need it. ministers have also been having discussions with police leaders amid calls for extra funding for forces, but no decisions have yet been taken. danny shaw, bbc news. we can speak to danny now. he‘s at that conference in stratford—upon—avon. has there been a response to these comments from the government? yes, there has been a response. the policing minister has been speaking to the superintendents and he has said very clearly to them in a very different message, a very different tone from some of his predecessors, he said, we are not deaf. we are listening to what you say. he said there had been a clear and consistent message from
police officers. he spoken to many of them across england and wales and they told him about the strains they are under. they are stretched and feeling the pressure. he said that he was aware that the police have made a very significant contribution over the past seven years in reducing the budget deficit. there had been a pay freeze, a limit of i% in pay increases. the government is renewing all that and looking at what they can do. in terms pay increases, the perry superintendents and the police federation have put forward an argument for a 2.8% pay rise. they said an announcement would be made imminently about whether that would be accepted or whether that would be accepted or whether we would be back to i% pay rises. in terms of overall police budgets, what the government was doing for the first time was consulting all police forces and crime commission across england and
wales to assess the demands on the service and what their budget situation is worse. what morale was like and whether there should be changes to police spending. he said it was unprecedented in the middle ofa it was unprecedented in the middle of a freeze period. he wanted clear evidence before going to the treasury to ask for more money. a very different tone adopted by the policing minister nick hurd. a report by the law firm herbert smith freehills has heavily criticised the work of a british pr firm in south africa. the report says bell pottinger spread inaccurate and misleading information when contracted to work for the gupta brothers, a controversial family with close links to presidentjacob zuma. james henderson, the ceo of bell pottinger, resigned at the weekend, in anticipation of today‘s findings. our media editor amol rajan is here. not perhaps a story that people
might be familiar with. it's a complex story but one that really matters. there is a hugely controversial set of south african brothers duhail from india, controversial set of south african brothers duhailfrom india, called the gupta brothers. they have massive conglomerate that spreads from mining to media. they are accused of rampant corruption, which they deny. they hired a british pr firm to look after their reputation. they did it through a company that they earned. it seems that bell pottinger have been up to some mischief in using modern methods to improve the reputation of the gupta brothers. they have been accused of using fake twitter accounts. they have used the phrase white monopoly capital. obviously that is very controversial in south africa. they have been accused of stirring racial hatred. in the resignation letter
from james henderson, he said that he neither initiative —— initiated the work but has ultimate responsibility for it and has taken responsibility. a legal firm responsibility for it and has taken responsibility. a legalfirm has found against bell pottinger but this is just the start of the story. tomorrow, the uk regulatorfor pr firms is deciding whether to chuck bell pottinger out of the regulator. they will be a bit more scathing about them than in the report today. thank you. much more coming up in the next half—hour. an update on north korea and much more besides. let‘s pause right now and catch up with the weather prospects. perhaps i shouldn‘t be smiling. chris, hello. it's it‘s been a cloudy day, the cloud is thick enough to bring rain, especially in scotland and northern
ireland. few breaks between, but where the sunshine has got through, it‘s got warm. temperatures in the mid—20s. in these spots, the sunshine tried to make an appearance through the cloud. in leicester, thank you to our weather watchers for sending that ten. overnight, this weather front will give pulses of heavy rain, moving into northern ireland before getting into wales, northern england and back into scotland. a muggy night in england and wales, with drizzle and fog patches, fresh conditions for scotla nd patches, fresh conditions for scotland and northern ireland. to the north of our friend. scotland and northern ireland. to the north of ourfriend. tomorrow, it will be cloudy and wet, with outbreaks of rain. especially in northern england. the rain is relu cta nt to northern england. the rain is reluctant to p. not much in the way a rainfor reluctant to p. not much in the way a rain for south—east england but it will be cloudy for much of the day. temperatures of 21 degrees in london. fresh air in scotland and northern ireland. it will feel cooler later. that‘s the latest weather. this is bbc news at five —
the headlines. the united states is to present a new sanctions resolution to the united nations, in the wake of north korea‘s latest nuclear test. washington‘s ambassador to the un told an emergency meeting of the council that the actions of kimjong—un can no longer be tolerated. his abusive use of missiles and his nuclear threats show that he is begging for war. war is never something the united states wants. we don‘t want it now. but our country‘s patience is not unlimited. the security firm gas was warned three years ago about problems with the behaviour of some of its staff towards detainees at brook house immigration detention centre — according to a former senior manager. downing street says the uk is ready to intensify brexit talks with the european union, rather than stick to the one—week—a—month schedule. a massive air and sea rescue
operation is underway in north cornwall, at triano on bay, after two men are reported to have been swept off the rocks and into the water. one man has been recovered and taken to hospital, the search for a second man is continuing. the northern ireland secretaryjames brokenshire says he‘ll be forced to pass a budget unless the main parties reach a deal over power—sharing at stormont. kensington palace has announced the duke and duchess of cambridge are expecting another child. prince harry told journalists this morning that it was fantastic news that he is to become an uncle for the third time. let‘s have a look at the latest sports news, olly foster has that... busy night of football coming up — by the end of it
we could have a slightly clearer picture about which teams are likely to make it to russia next summer. nothern ireland, scotland and england all won away from home last friday night and have home ties this evening. our sports correspondent natalie pirks is there. you are in malta, some lovely late summer sun, you are in malta, some lovely late summersun, but it you are in malta, some lovely late summer sun, but it was really poor on the pitch, wasn‘t it? i wonder what gareth southgate will have been working on with his england team over the weekend? no late summer sun here. it‘s a very windy wembley. gareth southgate hailed the performance on friday night when i interviewed him as professional, and the players continued that mantra when i spoke to them after the game. it was a professional performance against a team who essentially that eve ryo ne against a team who essentially that everyone they possibly can behind the ball. the problem was, they are ranked number 190 in the world. the
country is smaller than the isle of wight. it is very difficult for them to come out and say that when they we re to come out and say that when they were booed at half—time by their own fans. of course, they needed those very late goals to make the scoreline because flattering as it was. to make it look like how the fa ns was. to make it look like how the fans expected earlier in the day when i was speaking to them. they acknowledged they need to work on their finishing acknowledged they need to work on theirfinishing and acknowledged they need to work on their finishing and creating chances, which they absolutely should have done against a team like that but tonight, a very different prospect altogether. slovakia are only two points behind england at the moment in the group. this is essentially one of those classic six pointers as if england win tonight they will be five points clear and will have one foot in russia. if they lose, slovakia will go ahead of them in the group and there are only two games left at the beginning of october. only the group winners will go automatically through to russia. slovakia haven‘t lost their last five world cup qualifiers. this
really could be interesting and, let‘s not forget the first game that was played in the qualifying groups was played in the qualifying groups was against slovakia, that was sam allardyce‘s one and only game in charge, england needed a 95th minute goal to beat them. charge, england needed a 95th minute goalto beat them. it charge, england needed a 95th minute goal to beat them. it could charge, england needed a 95th minute goalto beat them. it could be a nervy night ahead. we will be speaking again later in sportsday at 6:30pm. thank you. it‘s not often that scotland will hope for an england win, but that‘s the deal tonight. so they can make up some ground in group f. they play malta at hampden park, four points behind slovakia and that play—off spot and they will have seen how the maltese managed to stifle england for long periods last week. when you look at malta‘s performances, over the last year, even england scoring four goals, in the last couple of minutes. i think
the last couple of minutes. i think the fans and most of the press would understand how important the game is going to be. there‘s real patients, in terms of trying to find areas where to play at a high tempo. northern ireland need just a draw tonight to guarantee at least second place in group c, and that would probably be good enough for a play—off match to get to russia. germany are the run—away leaders in their group. after beating san marino 3—0 away, northern irealnd will have it much tougher at home to the czech republic. we are not underestimating them. it will be a hugely difficult game. they have a lot of quality, we know that from the game in prague. they have to be at their best to get that result. look at that game against germany, having made some changes to the team, it will be a really difficult test but one that we are ready for. that's all for now, i will be back with sportsday at half past six. a full round—up from the
us open but we will be looking at the world cup qualifiers too. back at 6:30pm. studio: olly foster, thank you. more now on our main story. the american ambassador to the united nations has told the security council that it must take the strongest possible measures against north korea, following its nuclear weapons test. nikki hayley said years of incremental sanctions had failed. richard galpin has the latest details. the decision of the north korean leader to test what is thought to have been a hydrogen bomb yesterday led to condemnation from around the world. in the immediate aftermath, donald trump indicated a military response by the us was possible. mr president, will you attack north korea ? possible. mr president, will you attack north korea? we will see. this afternoon, at an emergency meeting of the un security council, us ambassador declared that enough was enough, and accused kimjong—un of trying to provoke the conflict.
his abusive use of missiles, and his nuclear threats show that he is begging for more. —— begging for war. war is never something that the us ones. we do not want it now, but our country‘s patience is not unlimited. we will defend our allies and our territory. us allies, like japan, have been steadily building up japan, have been steadily building up their defences. so, if it does come to war, they can protect themselves from a north korean missile strike. but at the un today, the focus was on trying to agree on implementing yet another round of sanctions to force north korea to stop its nuclear programme. the security council must not waste any time in putting an end to such an outrageous and unacceptable challenge to the security and safety of the world. japan stresses the need for the council to adopt swiftly a new resolution with
further robust sanction measures. the new sanctions been suggested that the security council are reported to include cutting supplies of oil to the north korean government and military. but immediately, russia dismissed this, saying that sanctions had not worked. translation: we have failed to resolve this through security council resolutions, which were only geared towards leveraging sanctions mechanisms. we call upon all stakeholders to immediately return to dialogue and negotiations as that is the sole way to comprehensively settled the issue besetting the korean peninsula, including nuclear issues. russia and china share the same opinion on this. beijing making no mention of further sanctions at the meeting today. translation: the peninsular issue must be resolved
peacefully. china will never allow chaos and war on the peninsular.m spite of this, the us is planning to circulate a draft resolution, thought to contain tough new sanctions later this week. richard galpin, bbc news. joining me now from washington is scott snyder, senior fellow for korea studies at the council on foreign relations. thank you for your time, thoughts on the sanctions first of all, we heard nikki haley in new york saying that yea rs of nikki haley in new york saying that years of sanctions have not worked. by years of sanctions have not worked. by the same token we know that the next step from the us is to circulate another document about even tougher sanctions. is there any prospect that can help the situation? i think that sanctions do send a message of international solidarity with regards to the wrong direction that north korea has been moving in. one indicator is how
quickly it is possible for a sanctions resolution to pass. this time last year, the un security council was faced with exactly the same situation. it took them three months to pass a resolution which essentially sends a message to north korea that the security council effo rts korea that the security council efforts to opposes nuclear development are feckless. is that what north korea is banking on? or does it not care about sanctions any more? it is fair to ask whether the north koreans care. i think that they do constrain and hurt north korea, but the primary origin and driverfor korea, but the primary origin and driver for the korea, but the primary origin and driverfor the north korea, but the primary origin and driver for the north korean korea, but the primary origin and driverfor the north korean nuclear capabilities appear to be domestic. it appears to be kim jong—un‘s and sense of vulnerability. to that extent, the sanctions magnify the vulnerability and they need to be coupled with an additional negotiating option. the problem is
north korea needs to be willing to participate in this process. yass, so if you say it is partly because of his bonner ability, or what he perceives as his vulnerability, i wonder what the international community... what do they do about it by looking to china, is that the key? all parties need to seek diplomatic channels by which to encourage north korea to come back to the denuclearisation pathway. on the current trajectory, that kim jong—un has taken, the likelihood of success is low and the prospect of conflict is increasing. even though we hear from so conflict is increasing. even though we hearfrom so many conflict is increasing. even though we hear from so many countries that they absolutely do not want conflict? well, the issue of conflict? well, the issue of conflict is really in the hands of the north koreans and the commitment
by the united states to pursue self protection, i think the north koreans are seeking a deterrence relationship that they need to know that that relationship is going to be mutual and the north koreans have issued threats of offensive use. so, the initial thing that really needs to be done is that north korea needs to be done is that north korea needs to understand the responsibilities that come with the power that it is gaining. and act accordingly. otherwise, it displays the risks of conflict. and were there to be another test on north korea‘s part, what would be the result of that, do you feel? a new icm the test, and honest trajectory, the question is does north korea actually take action is perceived as threatening? and what does the us president do?
in the event that he gets a briefing that indicates a nuclear strike on the us is imminent. scott snyder, thank you very much, from the council on foreign relations. thank you for your time tonight. there won‘t be a rise in interest rates for more than a year, according to a snapshot of economists‘ views canvassed by the bbc. most of those economists are also predicting that pay rises will continue to fall behind inflation until the spring of next year — continuing the squeeze on living standards. our economics correspondent andy verity is here. what are these economists saying? some economists say that they want interest rates to raise quite soon. in the last interest rate rise that we had, that was injuly 2007, so more than a decade ago. savers have been suffering. at the time, the governor of the bank of england, mervyn king, thought they would rise ina mervyn king, thought they would rise in a couple of months but here we are ten years later. so when do you
have two raise them, is inflation the danger or a lack of growth? we took a snapshot of the views of economists to see what we thought about when they would happen. the peak of inflation is 3%, that is the consensus as soon as next month. good news, inflation should subside. after that, there‘s the squeeze on living standards. our will pay does not keep up with inflation, how long will that last? they reckon until spring of next year, which is when they think pay rises will start to beat inflation. and interest rates rising to combat inflation? they think probably not until at least one yearfrom think probably not until at least one year from now. think probably not until at least one yearfrom now. if think probably not until at least one year from now. if you are worried about your mortgage, if you have a big mortgage and not many people do these days, you don‘t need to worry for a year. some people think it may not happen until 2019 or 2020. extraordinary, thank you very much, andy verity. in the past few minutes the northern ireland secretary james brokenshire
has been giving an update on talks to restart power—sharing at stormont. he told journalists that northern ireland "does not have a budget" at the moment, and called for all parties to continue talking. let‘s go over to stormont and join our correspondent chris buckler. explain a little more about what the secretary of state is saying here, chris? stormont stands behind me, a building that is the home of the devolved government in northern ireland, there has been no wonder since january when the assembly collapsed due to a falling out between the dup and sinn fein. those parties haven‘t made up after months of negotiations. we are now looking at potentially more talks. the latest round to start things. the government here stumbles along in a limbo. civil servants are looking after things, but new decisions are being made which is beginning to have an effect on public services. that is something james brokenshire
is working on. he wants direct contact between the two parties. that supposed to direct rule, essentially what westminster would do to step in to make decisions instead from northern ireland. while you talk about a plan b, potential elections and potential direct rule, you get the sense when you listen to him that he may be preparing for it... earlier today i spoke to all of the main political parties here in northern ireland. i have continued to urge them to find a way forward to restore an executive. devolved government in northern ireland is in the best interest of everyone. the keep policy and budgetary decisions need to be taken by locally elected and locally accou nta ble to be taken by locally elected and locally accountable politicians. all party leaders have made clear that they agree that there is a need for
an executive to be formed to make key decisions for the benefits of all of the people of northern ireland. now is the time to give effect to this desire. through political leadership on all sides. to better understanding the issues from others' perspectives, and to see where the space for resolution exists. this means direct and honest dialogue between the parties to reach resolutions without a running commentary. for this reason, reach resolutions without a running commentary. forthis reason, i reach resolutions without a running commentary. forthis reason, lam keen the parties are given a structured space within which to engage with one another and address their differences in engage with one another and address theirdifferences ina engage with one another and address their differences in a free and frank way. while the uk government has responsibilities, and will support the parties to reach
agreement, fundamentally it is for them to establish where the space for resolution lies and how best to achieve this. to an extent, james brokenshire is caught in the middle of a dispute between the dup and sinn fein. he spoke today about windows of opportunities. there are two windows, firstly to get power negotiations back up and running. we expect that in the next couple of weeks. you get the impression he is try to sort the party to see if there is a potential compromise, especially on the issue of official status of the irish language. sinn fein basically wants an irish language act, but dup activists say they do not want that at this time. it's they do not want that at this time. it‘s proving to be a difficult crunch issue. secondly, at what point does it become unsustainable here? working without a government. he gave an indication it would be
october, set in the autumn time, where he may have to step in and make a budget or even have a return of direct rule ministers whether uk government ministers would effectively have to run northern ireland. that is something he said he does not want but when you listen carefully, it is also something that may need to happen if the parties cannot agree here... studio: chris buckler, thank you. the queen has officially opened the new queensferry crossing over the firth of forth. she unveilled a plaque on the bridge, 53 years to the day since she opened the neighbouring forth road bridge. the queen was accompanied by the duke of edinburgh — making his first official appearance alongside her since retiring from solo engagements. our scotland correspondent lorna gordon reports. this newest of bridges across the forth has had plenty of attention and visitors since it was completed. today it was the turn of the queen as she arrived to officially open the new queensferry crossing. alongside her was the duke of edinburgh making his first official appearance since retiring from solo engagements.
hundreds of local schoolchildren, who have grown up watching as the bridge has stretched across the forth, were there to welcome them to scotland‘s £1 billion bridge. this is a bridge that celebrates the skills of hand, heartand mind. many thousands of people were involved in the bridge‘s construction. a small group of those workers on hand as the queen cut her commemorative ribbon. then, for the royal visitors, a short drive over to fife — one a little quicker than the journey made by many when the crossing briefly opened to traffic last week, when so many came to see it there were long delays. this was perhaps a reminder of an earlier visit by the queen, exactly 53 years ago to the day when, in front of large crowds, she officially opened its older neighbour, the forth road bridge.
the new structure was, she said, just like the two other bridges alongside. all feats of engineering. the queensferry crossing joins its iconic and historic neighbours to create not only a breathtaking sight over the firth of forth, but to provide an important link for so many in this community and the surrounding areas. those who live nearby were excited to be part of this special day. it was just amazing, seeing the queen and everything and all the marching bands. oh, my gosh! it's absolutely amazing that she was here to open it today. for us, as locals, to actually be allowed to be so close to her, i think that was absolutely fantastic. marking this occasion from the water, a flotilla of boats, while above the red arrows. these now three bridges standing side—by—side — a unique and unmistakable scottish vista. lorna gordon, bbc news, at the queensferry crossing. kensington palace has announced that the duke
and duchess of cambridge are expecting their third child. the queen and both families are said to be delighted. as with her previous two pregnancies, the duchess is suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum, or severe morning sickness — and has cancelled an engagement in london this afternoon. our royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. the duchess of cambridge last week with her husband and prince harry. no hint then of an announcement for a third baby. kensington palace was forced to disclose the pregnancy this morning because the duchess had had to pull—out of a public engagement because of acute morning sickness. the condition she experienced for both of her previous pregnancies. she is now resting at kensington palace. according to the statement, the queen, opening the queensferry crossing near edinburgh this morning, and other members of the royal family, are delighted with the news. the baby will be the queen‘s sixth great grandchild and will be fifth in line of succession to the throne. it‘s more than four years now since the birth
of prince george injuly 2013. this is an important week for him, he is due to start at his new school in london, something his mother certainly will not want to miss. their second child, princess charlotte, was born in may 2015. she is fourth in the line of succession and she will retain that position even if the new baby is a boy. on a visit to poland a few weeks ago, she joked about having another baby which was presented with a gift intended for a baby. it did not seem significant at the time. today, the first response from within the royal family to the news she is expecting another child has come from prince harry, who is visiting manchester. fantastic, great, very happy for them. and how is your sister in law doing? i have not seen her in a while but i think she‘s 0k. the news of a third child comesjust as william is beginning full—time royal duties. soon the team of four will become five. kensington palace has not said
when the new baby is due, but it must be assumed it will be in february or march of next year. nicholas witchell, bbc news. time for a look at the weather... chris brooks hasjoined me. hello, it has been a cloudy day, and humid. if you‘d been outside, you will have noticed how muddied the air has felt. there has been rain around, still some to come tonight and tomorrow. once it leaves, sunshine and showers later in the week. it begins to feel fresher. losing some humidity, temperature is falling a feud agrees. cloudy for many but you can see judging by this photo, that in guernsey the card has broken up to allow sunshine. for most of us, sunshine has been in short supply and in scotland and northern ireland, this band of rain sinks southwards, and that is tied
in with this weather front, you can see in the atlantic that this bump on the front is an extra piece of energy which is running along the front in the next few hours, that makes you rain heavier in northern ireland and as we go on through the night, that pulse of rain extends into scotland and northern england. there will be patches of drizzle, mist and hill fog patches developing. it will be mild and humid, but to the north of the weather fronts in scotland and northern ireland, some slightly more fresh air. this is the weather picture for tuesday. it will be a 5°99y picture for tuesday. it will be a soggy start of the day with this persistent area of rain moving across wales and northern england. even into the first part of the afternoon. not much for south—east england but here, it is often cloudy. temperatures in the low 20s, the sky should brighten with sunshine and from northern ireland, temperatures going down a feud
agrees. in the next few days, wednesday looks decent. sunshine for many, it will become wet across the uk. blustery winds, temperatures feeling a little cool across the northwest at times. then, in the atlantic, this massive hurricane, hurricane irma may make a hoedt across barbuda, gusts of wind up to 160 mph, that comes close to the british virgin islands and could spin up towards florida for the weekend. if you know anybody going to the caribbean or florida over the course of the next week, they really need to pay attention to this storm as it could bring devastating scenes over the next few days. and that is your weather. the warning to kim jung—un comes after north korea carried out its sixth and most powerful nuclear test at the weekend. at an emergency session in new york,
america‘s ambassador to the un said the united states didn‘t want war, but its patience was not unlimited. his abusive use of missiles and his nuclear threats show that he is begging for war. we‘ll be looking at the diplomatic and military options. also tonight: after ten staff are suspended at an immigration detention centre, a former manager says gas were warned about such problems three years ago. the duke and duchess of cambridge announce that they‘re expecting their third child.
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