welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories: more weapons are found at the home of the man who carried out america's worst mass shooting of modern times. 59 people were killed, hundreds more injured. the gunman has been named as stephen paddock, who fired on crowds of people from the window of his hotel room before killing himself. a minute's silence is held at the white house as president trump urges the country to stand together. last night, a gunman opened fire on a large crowd. it was an act of pure evil. the leader of catalonia says he's not planing a traumatic split with spain despite the disputed independence referendum. also in the programme, the mysteries of the body clock, revealed by three scientists
awarded the nobel prize. police investigating the mass shooting in las vegas say they have found more weapons at the home of the man thought to have carried out the attack. at least 59 people were killed and more than five hundred were injured when the gunman opened fire on crowds at a music concert from a room in a nearby hotel. the shooting happened during an open—air music festival attended by thousands of people. shortly after 10pm local time, dozens of rounds. were fired from the mandalay bay hotel as the gunman took aim from the window of his room on the 32nd floor, where he was later found dead by police. he's been named as stephen paddock —
a retired accountant — who lived in the state of nevada. in the cold nevada desert, country music is warming the throng. the time is 10:08pm. gunfire. the noise prompts confusion. the crowd, 22,000—strong, hesitates. it takes a moment, a deadly moment, before they realise they are under attack. gunfire. by now, a second round of bullets is raining down. there is a pause. the gunman is reloading again. he is high above them, in the mandalay bay hotel. panic follows. it is a scramble to live. there were people hiding underneath my car for cover. and there was a gentleman that was shot, and he said, "can you help me?"
and so i put him in my car, and i had like six people in my car, people without shoes, running, just to get away, and... we just hit the ground, and just lay there and hung onto each other. and it was quiet for a bit, and then fired another 30 rounds, and then quiet. and then what we were doing was, every time he had stopped, he was reloading, we had gotten up and started making our way towards the fence. and then he'd started shooting again, and we'd hit the ground. gunfire. by now, the music fans are frantic. if they can, they run, and like this woman, they hide. we were sitting ducks, and you could hear the bullets coming closer. and then he would — and then it would get quiet, and then he would, like, reload, and then he would start going again. and the girl that was standing right behind me, about two feet, she got shot in the stomach. and everybody thought at first
it was just firecrackers. and then everybody — and then itjust kept going more. we felt the shots, and then we ran... ..to the hangar, to the airport, and we just kept running. it was... once we got out the back, we started seeing the people that were shot, and the people that were dead. and it — that's when it hit me, that this was real. within half an hour, officers know the gunman is in the hotel. explosives ready, they prepare to go in. this police radio recording captures the moment they storm the room. by now, it is nearly midnight, and the gunman is dead,
apparently having killed himself. he left the city in chaos, with hospitals overwhelmed, and too few ambulances for more than 500 casualties. we just need to get people over to the hospital, 0k? 0k, go ahead. put them all in the back. alright. hundreds of people remain in hospital, where surgeons have been battling to save life after life. we had all hands on deck. we had eight or nine trauma surgeons alone in the facility. we had eight operating rooms rolling simultaneously, operating on patients, doing what in trauma we refer to as damage control. so it was a matter of getting them on the table, stopping the process of them dying, stabilising them. as for the gunman, he was stephen paddock, a 64—year—old retired accountant from mesquite, an hour's drive from the vegas strip. he had checked into the hotel on thursday.
as far as his history and background, we haven't completed that part of the investigation yet. but we located numerous firearms within the room that he occupied. for a western democracy, the united states has seen an astonishing amount of horror like this. but, even here, this is carnage on a different scale. james cook, bbc news, las vegas. stephen paddock lived in the city of mesquite — 80 miles from las vegas. he checked into the mandalay hotel last thursday. laura bicker reports on what else is known about him. stephen paddock, a retired accountant and high—stakes gambler, turned a country music concert into a killing field. he had been in his room on the 32nd floor of the mandalay hotel for days, waiting with a cache of rifles and automatic weapons. his familyjust can't comprehend the horror of his crime. my brother did this, i... this is like it was done —
you know, like he shot us. imean... if he'd have killed my kids, i couldn't be more dumbfounded. i mean, it doesn't — there's nothing. so last communication... there's nothing. i can show you the text, he said, "how's mum?" where the hell did he get automatic weapons? he's not — he has no military background, or anything like that. i mean, when you find out about him — like i said, he's a guy who lived in a house in mesquite, and drove down and gambled in las vegas. he did stuff — ate burritos. imean... the 64—year—old made few friends in his suburban retirement village in the quiet town of mesquite. police found more guns and ammunition when they raided his home. what's unique for us is that the gunman, the shooter, and the person with him,
we in the mesquite police department have not had any contacts with these people in the past. we haven't had any traffic stops, we haven't had any law enforcement contacts, no arrests or nothing. he would disappear for days to nearby las vegas to gamble, but also made money from rental properties, and came across as odd to some of his tenants. he roamed around the apartments, talked to you, always real casual. and they showed his picture. i was shocked, because like i said, he was a nice guy. strange, but nice. the question is, what would lead a man with no criminal history, no known strong political views, and no apparent motive, to commit such relentless carnage? laura bicker, bbc news, mesquite. dr park dietz is a forensic psychiatrist who has consulted and testified in many of the highest profile criminal cases in the united states. he says this mass shooting is unusual. it is unprecedented in the body count. this is the worst mass murder in modern us history.
and i think something you have been concerned about for quite awhile, this idea of being elevated and just opening fire for extended periods, then reloading, and firing, again and again. yes, i worry about this every new year's eve, and have for a decade. someone taking a high position, with a crowd trapped low, could randomly fire and have good odds of getting a great many people. thankfully, the security in most major cities that host those celebrations is very tight, but it doesn't make it impossible. and i think that the reason for this high body count is twofold. first, that he had such an elevated position, with a crowd below. second, that he either had an automatic weapon, or simulated the use of one very successfully. we have not seen this previously. it is very rare for fully automatic weapons to be used in a crime. just on that question of the weapons, obviously your
speciality is psychiatry. but one of the gun shops is saying all state and federal requirements were met. you have huge experience with the mindset of people who commit mass killings. at first sight, what do you think was going on here? i think that we will eventually learn that this man was unhappy with his life, saw no hopeful future. there was probably some recent loss or crisis that allowed him to feel that it was ok to die now. and i can't help but believe that, like every other mass murderer, he was blaming other people for his sorrows. exactly what his sorrows were, or who he blamed, we don't now know. but i think that, when law enforcement is finished its investigation, contacted the people he has spoken with, looked at his e—mails, looked at what websites he has visited, the story is going to change considerably, and it will then become an understandable story, that nobody knew about until now. the leader of catalonia, carles puigdemont, has said
he is not planning a "traumatic" split with spain, after a disputed independence referendum on sunday. he said he wanted a new understanding with the central government in madrid after hundreds of people were injured in violence at polling stations. our europe correspondent damian grammaticas reports. galvanised by what they see as the violence of the spanish state, hundreds took to the streets of barcelona today, hands raised in silent protest at the brutal tactics used by police trying to prevent sunday's independence vote. we have no weapons. our weapons are... this is our weapon. words are our weapon. catalonia has a history of resisting the spanish state. it is little more than a0 years since spain was a dictatorship, a memory evoked again today. the dangerfor spain is both sides becoming ever more polarised. the government, with its crackdown, looks increasingly remote and heavy—handed.
but the catalan side, with its tactics, may leave the government with little choice than to believe it had to take action, to prevent what it sees as an illegal bid for independence. the independence leader, carles puigdemont, today called for european mediation and the withdrawal of riot police. but spain's prime minister, mariano rajoy, isn't backing down. his government is threatening to revoke catalonia's autonomy if it tries to declare independence. this was the police response yesterday. spain's constitution forbids secession, and the poll had been banned by the courts. so there could be more to come. but, if anything, it may be hardening the resolve of the two million who voted for independence yesterday. do you think there is a way catalonia and spain can resolve this now, peacefully, to everybody‘s satisfaction? i don't really think so.
i mean, peacefully? no. catalonia, home to more than seven million, is one of spain's richest regions, with a distinct language and outlook. but it has long felt ignored. and pro—independence leaders tell people they will be better off without spain. so the cracks in spanish unity are widening. firefighters applauded today. they tried to protect voters from the police. a general strike is planned tomorrow. many looking on don't believe it will come to a split. we found these friends enjoying a beer. serafin said he believes only a third of people support independence. sunday's vote was inconclusive. and jose doesn't believe the promises that a split would make people richer. but, at the heart of spain's political crisis, centrifugal forces that are hard to resist — the lure for catalans of taking
greater control of their destiny. damian grammaticas, bbc news, barcelona. stay with us if you can. still succumb, the debates that never ends. this latest mass shooting has again shone a light on gun control in america, but there is very little expectation for change. in all russia's turmoil, it has never come to this. president yeltsin said the day would decide the nation's destiny. the nightmare that so many people have feared for so long is playing out its final act here. russians are killing russians in front of a grandstand audience. it was his humility which produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. israel's right—winger ariel sharon visited the religious compound and that started the trouble. he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea that's unthinkable to palestinians. after 45 years of division,
germany is one. in berlin, a million germans celebrate the rebirth of europe's biggest and richest nation. this is bbc news. our main headline: police investigating sunday's mass shooting in las vegas — america's worst in modern times — say they have found more weapons at the home of the man they said carried out the attack. president donald trump may have dismissed the prospect of talks with north korea as a waste of time, but his own secretary of state has said the us is maintaining open lines of communication with pyongyang. so what options do the us and south korea have to limit the north's nuclear
weapons capability? bbc panorama's jane corbyn has been meeting senior diplomatic and military figures in the us and korea to find out more. as public tensions between north korea and the us continue to escalate, behind—the—scenes, military and diplomatic efforts to plan for the future are under way. how worried should the us about north korea's latest nuclear test? they have demonstrated with their recent nuclear test that they have probably got a very powerful arsenal. do you think about north korea has the ability to hit the west coast of america with nuclear weapons? most likely. but not with a big number, not with the precision all the probability that it really hits the target, i don't think we can say. even 10% chance is a big chance.
and as i said, they will be met with fire, fury and, frankly, power. despite the risks to the us, president trump has taken a bullish approach to the threat from north korea. a former north korean deputy ambassador to the uk, who's now defected, thinks it is the right approach. when kim jng indicated that the missiles are there heading towards guam, then president trump said that the fury and fire or whatever, suddenly kim jong—un was surprised to see that president trump is different from obama. maybe president trump can conduct a military attack on north korea. so this rhetoric stopped kim jong—un from further going on the attack. so i think that kind of unpredictability of president trump these days is working. so, how is america best able to protect itself and its ally,
south korea? satellite pictures i saw show how hard it is to keep track of the north's missile sites. this factory here, this is called the number 65 factory, it's largely an underground manufacturing facility. under this hillside, covered in trees? yes, yep. this of course just shows you how difficult it would be for a military strike to take out all the missile sites. mh—hm. they're hidden and they move them around. i would say most of north korea's important military infrastructure is underground. and any military action taken by the us could come at a huge loss of life in south korea, according to one former cia korea expert. when i was in the government, we did war games and tabletop exercises. and the alliance always won, but it was at the cost of hundreds of thousands of casualties in a conflict with north korea.
and that was before we thought they had nuclear weapons. threats of further nuclear missile or nuclear tests and retaliation have been issued by both sides. for now, the rest of the world waits to see who moves first. the attack in las vegas is the latest in a long list of mass shootings in america, with the debate over guns once again a divisive issue. our north america editorjon sopel has been looking at the response to what happened in the city. in vegas last night, terror, fear and mayhem. in the nation's capital this afternoon, 2500 miles away, a brooding, reflective silence. bell tolls there is shock as well as anguish, even though this country has been here so many times before. he brutally murdered more than 50 people and wounded hundreds more. it was an act of pure evil. in moments of tragedy and horror,
america comes together as one, and it always has. until now, the worst shootings were the nightclub attack in orlando, where omar mateen killed 49 people in an act inspired by so—called islamic state, and before that was the killings at virginia tech university, when 32 people were killed. but in terms of shock, surely nothing eclipses sandy hook in connecticut, when 20 children, aged between five and seven, and five teachers were killed at their elementary school. an act of brutality so shocking that it moved the then president to tears. they had their entire lives ahead of them. birthdays, graduations, weddings. kids of their own. today, lawmakers from connecticut
sought to reopen the age—old debate on gun control. senator chris murphy saying, "it is positively infuriating that my colleagues in congress are so afraid of the gun industry." "it's time for congress to get off its ass and do something." but gun control is unlikely to go anywhere. the industry in america is huge, and its lobbying organisation has managed to see off any attempt at reform. indeed, one of the ironies of previous mass shootings is that sales of weapons tend to increase as gun owners fear that new controls might be introduced. but that's unlikely to happen with president trump, who's allied himself closely to the national rifle association. as your president, i will never, ever infringe on the right of the people to keep and bear arms. never, ever. cheering it's estimated there are as many private guns in circulation as there are people, around 300 million.
around 30,000 people die each year in gun related incidents. that figure includes suicides, accidents and murders, which means, in the last year, four times as many people in the us died from guns than the total number of coalition forces killed in afghanistan and iraq during 16 years of war. in his address to the nation, donald trump said the american people would be seeking explanations, but the one issue he didn't touch upon was whether gun control could have played a part. the nra believes that the way you stop a bad man with a gun is to have a good man with a gun. but how that would have helped in the circumstances of las vegas last night is anyone‘s guess. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: officials
in bangladesh are saying myanmar has agreed to set up a joint working group to oversee the return of rohingya muslims who've fled their homes. 500,000 rohingya have fled to bangladesh since late august to escape the burmese military. president trump has welcomed the leader of thailand's military junta to the white house in a show of unity following the coup of 2014 which soured relations between the two old allies. prayuth chan—ocha is the first thai leader to visit the white house since 2005. us media is reporting that the rock musician tom petty is seriously ill in hospital after a cardiac arrest. he's 66 — he was found unconscious at his malibu home on sunday night. three american scientists who discovered the secret of the body clock have won the nobel prize for physiology or medicine. the body clock, or circadian rhythm, is the reason the human body wants to sleep at night, but it also drives huge changes in behaviour and body function, as our medical correspondent fergus walsh reports. each of us has an internal body clock that synchronises with the sun and the day—night cycle.
but how these circadian rhythms were controlled was largely a mystery, until the work ofjeffrey hall, michael rosbash and michael young. the latter was at rockefeller university in new york this morning. hearing they had won the nobel prize, he said, was quite a shock. i really had trouble even getting my shoes on this morning. i would go and pick up the shoes, and then realise i needed socks, and then realise i need to put my pants on first! laughter just as the earth rotates every 2a hours, so our circadian rhythms work in the same cycle. in 1984, the three scientists isolated a gene in fruit flies that controls the body clock. the gene codes for a protein that accumulates in cells during the night and then degrades during the day. since their discovery, sleep science has gone from fringe to mainstream.
the body clock is critical to our health. in the evening, it triggers the release of the hormone melatonin, which helps make us sleepy. in the morning, the stress hormone cortisol rises and keeps us alert. our body clock helps regulate our appetite, blood pressure and body temperature. your body clock is central to much of our biology. fine tuning much of what we do to the varying demands of the rest—activity cycle. we also know that disruption of the body clock, as in long—term shift work, for example, is associated with higher rates of cancer, a greater susceptibility to diabetes two, greater chance of obesity. the nobel committee said the findings of the three scientists had vast implications for our health and well—being. a good night's sleep is increasingly being viewed as the best medicine. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter,
hello. further strong winds at times this week, even the risk of gales as we maintain a very autumnal flavour to our weather. this low pressure system was the wind—maker on monday. it's still producing some strong winds in the far north of scotland and northern isles as tuesday begins. elsewhere, high pressure‘s building in, winds easing a bit with high pressure building in. with high pressure, most places are going to be dry starting the day with plenty of sunshine. here's a look at things, eight o'clock in the morning. a few showers dotted about northern and western scotland, driven along quickly on this quite strong wind. far north of scotland, more epseically into the western isles, there could be some gusts early on of about 50—60 mph. one or two showers in the north—west of england, but very few and far between. for most of us, it'll be a dry start to the day. a good deal of sunshine. a breezy start, though, with temperatures a little bit lower than this away from the larger towns and city centres. some of us in single figures as the day begins,
but there is that sunshine to compensate. some good sunny spells continuing through the day. just some patchy cloud developing. still a few showers running into western parts of scotland, but most places dry. it's a fresh—feeling breeze, mind you. out of some sunshine, in that breeze, there will be a chill around. the temperatures for the most part in the mid—to—low teens. but, actually, not too far away from average for the time of year. tuesday evening, tuesday night, we'll see the showers in western scotland just merging to give some longer spells of rain in places. and the winds starting to pick up once again. certainly towards the far north of scotland into orkney, a very windy start to wednesday morning. south of this area of rain, we'll see a lot of clear weather going into wednesday morning. quite chilly again under clear skies. some spots into mid, perhaps even low—single figures in the countryside. wednesday brings a band of rain southwards across scotland, eventually into parts of northern ireland, mainly north—west england as we go through the day. south of that, we'll hold onto some sunny spells. still be quite breezy, won't be much warmer. and, as we go into wednesday
night, the rain gathering for northern ireland, and parts of northern england and wales, as this area of low pressure moves across the uk. parts of scotland seeing it, parts of the far north staying dry, but we are concerned about some of the rain and the impact. it could be quite heavy on wednesday going through wednesday night into thursday morning. coastal gales. and then as the system clears away from southern parts on thursday, it stays quite windy. a cool wind. there could be some gales with showers across eastern parts of the uk. or it could be quite windy for a time on friday. but by friday, there's another area of high pressure building across the uk. the winds easing, and most places will end the week fine and dry. this is bbc news. the headlines: police investigating sunday's mass shooting in las vegas, america's worst in modern times, say they have found more weapons at the home of the man they said carried out the attack. a local sheriff told journalists they seized 18 guns, explosives, and thousands of rounds of ammunition. the gunman was named as 64—year—old, wealthy, retired accountant stephen paddock.
it is claimed he used an automatic weapon to fire on crowds from a las vegas hotel, killing 59 people and injuring more than 500 more. as police stormed his hotel room, he killed himself. president trump has appealed for unity and peace among americans, in response to what he called the pure evil of the shootings in las vegas. mr trump said the nation was joined together in sadness, shock and grief. he later led a minute's silence in memory of the victims at the white house. now on bbc news, it is hardtalk.