tv Newsday BBC News October 24, 2017 12:00am-12:30am BST
i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: xijinping is confirmed as china's most powerful leader in decades — we're live in beijing on the final day of congress. rebuilding marawi — the philippines government say the the battle with rebels from the so—called islamic state group is over. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme. a un appeal to help rohingya children raises over $300 million. but aid workers say they need more. drivers of older, dirtier cars in london face increase travel costs and singapore plans to ban the sale of new cars. we investigate if we're stepping into a world without cars. live from our studios in singapore and london. this is bbc world news. this is bbc world news.
it's 7.00am in singapore. and 8.00am in beijing, where the final day of the 19th party congress is just about to get underway. president xi jinping looks set to be confirmed as the most powerful man of his generation and elevated to the same status as mao zedong and deng xiaoping. his personal political ideology, ‘xi jinping thought‘, is to be written into the party's constitution and will be taught in schools. joining us from tiananmen square in beijing is robin brant. what will be taking place on the final day of the congress? we get is some up from the president. it won't
bea some up from the president. it won't be a rerun of that epic 3.5 hours on his feet last week. these will be the final words as this seventh and final day comes to a head, then later in the day we get to see changes that are likely to be made to this party's constitution. this is usually significant in china. mal saved in, the people who founded the people's republic of china. it looks like xijinping, he is neither leader, he will be given the same accolade. it is a hugely symbolic moment. also a moment to judge accolade. it is a hugely symbolic moment. also a moment tojudge how powerful this country's president has become. another key event comes tomorrow when the congress is formally over. we get to see five of the new members of the politburo standing committee. this is the circle of seven, the important decision—making body in this
country. five will be retiring. i many will be the people of xi jinping? that will be crucial. many will be the people of xi jinping? that will be crucial. this new ideology, called xi jinping thought, what does this mean for the people in china and the economy? well, the economy and trying to ensure that it continues to grow, even though the rate of growth is slowing, is absolutely crucial not just to the future of china, but also to the communist party's continued dominance. xi jinping's thoughts, it is not simple to quantify. we are not seeing radical reforms of the economy that were pioneered back in the late 1970s. it will emerge in the weeks and months ahead. there will be theoretical discussion about what exactly xi jinping version of marxism, leninism, what those characteristics
will be. but we are seeing more characteristically is a reminder of how much xijinping has come characteristically is a reminder of how much xi jinping has come to embed his authority on this party, this country, his hold on power. seeing his name associated with this new era, it may seem odd to those outside of china, but the fact that china's history, the back the chairman mao, this third era with xi jinping associated with that, having that britain into the constitution, is incredibly important. our other top story: singapore's prime minister lee hsien loong has met president trump at the white house, where the leaders witnessed the signing of a deal between boeing and singapore airlines. the nuclear threat posed by north korea was also on the agenda. speaking to the media, prime minister lee said the us had to do more diplomatically to resolve the situation on the korean peninsula. i shared with president trump what singapore has done to pressure and isolate the dprk, going beyond un security council resolutions. but there's no quick
and easy solution. pressure is necessary, but so is dialogue. the us will need to work with others, including china, south korea and japan and russia to resolve the issue. well, earlier the white house said president trump will urge chinese leaders to put more pressure on north korea during his visit to china next month. a us official said beijing needs to do more to comply with un security council resolutions on limiting economic ties with pyongyang, adding that it was unlikely that the president would visit the demilitarised zone between north and south korea during the trip. catalonia's leaders are warning they will defy any attempt by the government in madrid to impose direct control. the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, has announced plans to sack the region's government and take away some of the powers of its parliament. the catalan parliament will meet on thursday to decide on its response. prosecutors in new york have launched an investigation
into possible sexual harassment at the weinstein company, the studio founded by the disgraced movie mogul harvey weinstein. documents relating to complaints about sexual harassment and how they were handled will be seized. new york's attorney—general said no place of work should be ruled by sexual intimidation. now let's take you to brazil and a potential record—breaking stunt. 2a5 people jumped off a 30—metre tall bridge in sao paulo at the same time. their effort is yet to be recognised by guinness world records but organisers are confident they broke the previous record set last year involving just 149 participants. bangladesh is now housing one million rohingya
the violence in myanmar. that was the admission of bangladesh to a un conference in geneva, with the aim to raise money to help the fastest—growing refugee crisis in the world. but the future of the rohingya people is unclear. our correspondent clive myrie has travelled to the bangladesh—myanmar border, and sent this report from the kutu—palong refugee camp. for rohingya muslims who have escaped myanmar, neighbouring bangladesh is a land of second chances. these refugees, part of a huge influx we saw cross the border, are queueing for their first food supplies. with their pink ration cards, they are now dependent on the kindness of strangers. it can be a long, tiring wait in the clammy, humid air. best to do what you can to make things a little bearable. these rohingyas are the latest in a long line of victims of a sectarian and religious conflict that stretches back many decades. this is a crisis that's been
going on a long, long time. you guys must be feeding people who have probably sort of been through this, crossed the border, many years ago. that's true. we've been feeding for 25 years. you can see it in the camps. at the bottom of the camp, there's refugees from 25 years ago. you move upwards, ten years ago. one year ago, and now you can see who's arrived yesterday. these guys have arrived this week? it's incredible. for the refugees, this might be the land of second chances but it seemed one rohingya muslim's luck had run out. a few days ago we found abu in the arms of his big sister by the side of the road. limp and lifeless, acutely malnourished, we alerted unicef. after several days in the clinic, abu's back from the brink. you 0k? he was terribly sick, with fever and diarrhoea.
it was a close call. so, the doctors say he was malnourished, still is malnourished but he is taking in food, which means that, hopefully, in a few days, maybe a couple of weeks, he should be eating normally. and, fingers crossed, gaining weight. but will abu and his big sister ever see the land of their birth again? just how long is this period of exile for the hundreds of thousands here? the future of the refugees is being discussed at the highest levels between the bangladesh and myanmar governments. could the rohingyas one day return home and these camps close? well, no one's holding their breath. at the un general assembly, bangladeshi's prime minister made it clear where she thinks the blame for the crisis lies. this forcibly displaced people of myanmar are fleeing an ethnic cleansing in their own country, where they have been living for centuries. it's a charge myanmar strongly
denies blaming rohingya insurgents for attacks on civilians. the funeral procession of rashida mohammed makes its way through the rohingya refugee camp. he was 75 and never saw muslim and buddhist reconciled in his homeland. a younger generation may one day see this happen but, for now, the many rohingya will live and die on foreign soil. lets get more on top story, the final day of the congress in china. carrie gracie reports on what's next for china's future. in xi jinping
new era, people who think differently learned to hide. hi! layla is carefully she opens the door too. police harassment is a co nsta nt door too. police harassment is a constant fear and she has been forced to move many times. hejust pulls her out of the door and he says, "if you don't do what i said, i will arrest you". she and her partner are targets because they belong to a women's group, a threat in the eyes of the one—party state. whatever i do, they will come to me. they will harass me. they will harass my landlords, because they are afraid. so how does the party see you? does it see you as trouble? definitely, they saw me, they see me as a rebel, maybe someone who will cause a lot of trouble, who doesn't stop, who doesn't behave.
and here's the rebel at work, campaigning against sexual harassment on public transport. in xijinping's china, enough to get some women detained. his preferred politics on display at the party congress in beijing, a men's club where conformity is the code and power is top—down, not bottom—up. the party says it encourages women but there's only one who stands alongside him, a first lady who once had her own career but now embodies traditional wifely virtues. for leilei, the pink hair and protest days are over. elsewhere, the world's becoming more aware of the scale of sexual harassment but here in china, it has been dismissed by some as a western problem. the communist party's new era gives them nothing to cheer.
before xi jinping, guangzhou was a magnet notjust for feminists but lawyers, labour activists and brave reporters. like so many of them, leilei now plans to leave china. it's really often for me to feel frustrated, maybe devastated. maybe sometimes i just thought that i could take a break but feminism is the cause of my life. i have to do this. the only safe place to raise their voice in public. but not to sing their own tune. their stark choice, leave china, shut up or go to jail. drivers in london base higher costs
if they are driving dirty cars. singapore plans to ban the sale of new cars. are we entering into a world of new cards? —— cars? welcome back, everyone. i'm in singapore. and i'm in london. our top stories: the final day of china's 19th party congress is just about to get under way in beijing, with president xijinping looking set to be confirmed as china's most powerful man in decades. singapore's prime minister lee tells president trump the us must use dialogue, notjust pressure, to ease tensions with north korea. the portuguese footballer cristiano ronaldo has won the fifa men's player of the year award for the second year in a row.
ronaldo has scored 44 goals during the year, for his country as well as for real madrid, which he helped win the la liga title and the champions league. more on that story at bbc.com. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. in the china daily is of course leading the with the communist party's 19th congress, the headline proudly claims that the benefits of the country's wisdom will be felt around the world. next to the straits times, which shows prime minister lee hsien loong of singapore in the white house with president trump. the paper says prime minister lee has been urging the us not to turn away from trade with asia. the japan times is still digesting shinzo abe's election victory, pointing out that abe won not by increasing his party's seats, but by losing far fewer than his opponents. and the international new york times republican senator ted cruz has some
advice for president trump on north korea. he says declaring the country a state sponsor of terrorism would strengthen america's hand . the process of rebuilding the city of marawi in the southern philippines has begun after the military said it had defeated rebels supporting the so—called islamic state group after a five month long battle. president rodrigo duterte placed the island of mindanoa under martial law after the rebels took over parts of the city of marawi, capital of the mainly muslim province of lanao del sur. the military campaign to evict the militants was backed by america. us defence secretary james mattiss praised the military operation. one of the first things i'm going to do when i get there is commend the philippines military. for liberating marawi from the terrorists.
it was a very tough fight as you know. and i think the philippine military has sent a very necessary message to the terrorists anywhere. 300,000 people were displaced by the fighting in marawai. for the latest, howard johnson joins us from manila. howard, now that the military offensive is over, what happens next? well, first, the military are going to sweep the area. they have to go through and count the bodies they might find, look in the buildings that have been bombed. the military said that around 50 civilians died, but they are expecting that number to rise as they sweep the area. there are more than 1700 people who have been taken
hostage during the siege. many of them will need psychological treatment for being used as human shields, also by giving jobs by the islamic fighters, some offering medical assistance, others running weapons. they will have to have psychological treatment. the first phaseis psychological treatment. the first phase is the human cost. 300,000 people have been displaced by the fighting. whole neighbourhoods have been destroyed. when will they be able to return, and what is being done to rebuild the city? it looks like the senate here has estimated the cost to rebuild marawi at about 1 billion us dollars and they said they will match that number. they will build initially 1,000 transitional shelters for people to move into. at the moment, there is
not fresh water, no jobs for people there and there are certainly no food. it doesn't look like people will be moving into those transitional shelters until early next year. a lot of them will be displaced people, up in an area and our‘s drive north of marawi city. people there are getting treatment from international non—governmental agencies like 0xfam, also people are coming from thailand, australia and asia to help these refugees. the fight has been won, but will the government be able to win the hearts minds of the muslim majority minority there? yes, the military conflict may be over but let's not forget that this is a rest of ireland. for many years groups have wa nted ireland. for many years groups have wanted autonomy from the capital in manila. they want a greater economic
prosperity, so the president, rodrigo duterte, has been trying to resolve this issue over the last few months, having discussions with different groups, factions, communist groups and islamic militant groups, to try to resolve this issue and bring about a fairer redistribution of the country's well. president rodrigo duterte said the talks did not go so well over the talks did not go so well over the summer and says this could take up the summer and says this could take up to three years to fix. the marawi the siege is over. thank you so much for the update, howard johnson in manila. in the 20th century owning your own car used to be the definition of making it. but the perils of traffic jams and air pollution mean in this century it may not be something everyone aspires to. two cities have taken decisive steps that impact drivers and the car industry. from february next year, people in singapore will not be able to buy a new car until 2021.
and in london, the mayor announced a new levy — the t charge — on the oldest and most polluting cars entering the city centre. i've been speaking to jemilah magnusson from the institute for transportation and development policy in new york — i asked herfor her opinion on the steps london and singapore have taken. i think london and singapore are joining a big group of cities around the world that are finding the limits of the road network and at a tipping point when it comes to air pollution and traffic congestion and quality of life in cities and are taking drastic action. a new hat cities like london and singapore, it makes sense to drive people to transit and to use these networks that already exist. both cities are well covered by transit. it is a good step in the right direction in a lot of ways. at the same time, the transept that exists in cities everywhere, including london, is not as extensive as it should be, particularly for people that live in the suburbs and outside of the city centre. it is essential while we are doing these things to limit cars and
drive people to transit to ensure that we are building transit to accommodate people as cities are growing and expanding rapidly everywhere in the world. do you know ofan everywhere in the world. do you know of an example of a place in the world at the moment that has coped well the pied cards?” world at the moment that has coped well the pied cards? i think the best exa m ples well the pied cards? i think the best examples of cities that are com pletely best examples of cities that are completely without cars are really in europe. there are good examples in oslo in norway. northern europe has some good examples. where we are really seeing the best progressive cities in the developing world. we are seeing a lot of big action in places like mexico city, real action in delhi. they are not where they need to be, but the scale is so large and the need is so great that we are seeing a lot of really good exa m ples of we are seeing a lot of really good examples of things like parking reform. mexico city just examples of things like parking reform. mexico cityjust passed a great example of parking reform, mandating that there are maximums
rather than minimums of parking spaces. delhi tried an odd, even scheme. they are no longer doing it but they are willing to bring it back of the situation dictates. that should everyone immediately what a difference it can make when car is arduous suddenly cut in half. i don't think there aren't that many places in the world, or any place that has perfectly covered everything, even in cities like london were 91% of people in central london were 91% of people in central london have very close access to mass transit. when you go to greater london, that number was down to 60%. even in cities that are doing a good job, it is still not as extensive as it should be, the transept there for the people living there. the world is growing, bursting at the seams. cities are overpopulated. the argument is that people need cars. what is your argument about? there is no possible way for us to move as many people as need to be if
everybody is in a car. doesn't matter if the car is electric or diesel or automated or if it is driven by someone else. if we are talking about a real solution long—term, we need to look beyond policies that just long—term, we need to look beyond policies thatjust move cars faster. we need to look at real mass transit and all of the solutions available to us. automated vehicles may provide a great solution for the last mile, but if they are not tied to transit reduced efficiently, we arejust adding more cars to transit reduced efficiently, we are just adding more cars to the streets. have a look at this. halfway through the race, the motorcycle riders sent the racers the wrong way! stay with us. it isa
it is a messy story with the weather this week. if you are a fan of mild nights, you will be a fan of this week. the south—westerly winds will feed in moisture of the feed. this trio of cloud is heading into our shores. sun chang will be at a premium throughout the week and we will see weather funds continuing to wax and wane across the country. as we start tuesday, you can see front pushing into western areas. but tuesday, another mild day, but rather cloudy with further outbreaks of rain. that way and will be across many western areas to begin the day. for the south—west, it is going to be very mild. like rain and drizzle. some missed. this weatherfront be very mild. like rain and drizzle. some missed. this weather front will bring outbreaks of brain, so i wet start in wales, the midlands and
north west england. parts of northern ireland will be wet, and in scotla nd northern ireland will be wet, and in scotland the rain will be in places really quite heavy. through the day the rainfall moved northwards and eastwards. it remains breezy across northern ireland and scotland. conditions may improve here. some sun chang getting into northern ireland and scotland, as well, but it stays dampen the central slice of the uk. to the south of the weather front it should be fairly dry and mild. 19 degrees here. there is weather front, waxing and waning across the uk. it will be lying across the uk. it will be lying across central and southern parts of the country on wednesday, so here we will see the lion's share of damp weather, in the north that will be brighter, spells of sun chang, but breezy in scotland and northern ireland and plenty of showers and western scotland. the teens here, but beneath the weather front it will be 18 celsius. 0n but beneath the weather front it will be 18 celsius. on thursday, the
weather front shifts further northwards and it will be very mild in the south. 18 degrees in the cloud, but in the sunshine you could see 20 celsius. further north, around 13 celsius once again. on friday, this area of high—pressure nudges bringing cooler air, pushing the weather front southwards, introducing brighter conditions. there will be some cooler and fresh air in northern areas. a bit of change towards the weekend, it will be brighterfor change towards the weekend, it will be brighter for many, change towards the weekend, it will be brighterfor many, but will turn cool be brighterfor many, but will turn cool, especially in the north. china's tom milnes party comes to an end. the president is expected to consolidate his position for another five—year term and is set to become the most powerful leader of the country in decade. new york prosecutors are investigating the company co—founded by harvey weinstein following multiple allegations of sexual assault
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