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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 18, 2017 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: the un warns myanmar‘s leaders they could face genocide charges over the persecution of rohingya muslims. hoping to lead the anc and chart a new course for south africa: the party's delegates are voting now. the white house confirms the cia helped russia foil a terror plot in saint petersburg. president putin has personally thanked donald trump. chile's former president, conservative billionaire sebastian pinera, sweeps back into power. and the prince, the president and the probing interview. when harry met barack obama. if you start using long pauses between the answers, you're going to get the face. let me see the face. 0h 0k. i don't want to see that face. hello, welcome to the program.
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the united nations says the leaders of myanmar could face charges of genocide over the persecution of the rohingya ethnic group. it's estimated that more than 650,000 rohingya muslims have fled to bangladesh since august, when attacks on police posts prompted a military crackdown. 0ur south asia correspondent justin rowlatt reports. this boy is 11 years old. he draws pictures of the horrors he's witnessed. translation: older women were stamped on, and then the military grabbed them by the hair and slaughtered them. because i saw that, i am drawing this.
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he's one of 650,000 rohingya refugees that fled myanmar after a military assault that began in late august. "they're coming to kill us," says the man, "they're coming to kill us." the widespread and systematic nature of the violence has persuaded the un human rights chief that the crimes commmited in myanmar could amount to genocide, acts intended to destroy a group of people. can anyone rule out that elements of genocide may be present? he wants a criminal investigation to identify the perpetrators, and in an exclusive interview with the bbc, he doesn't rule out the possibility that aung san suu kyi or military leaders could end up in the dock.
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given the scale of the militay operation, clearly, these would have to be decisions taken at a high enough level. and then there's the crime of omission, that if it came to your knowledge that this was being committed and you did nothing to stop it, then you could be culpable as well for that. he says only a court can judge that, but he is determined thatjustice should be done. in the meantime, though, this boy and hundreds of thousands like him remain in limbo. we asked aung san suu kyi for a response, but she hasn't replied. justin rowlatt, bbc news. thousands of anc delegates in south africa are voting to chose a new leader. the result is expected to be close between the two candidates vying to replace presidentjacob zuma, whose time in office has been marked
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by deep divisions within the anc. sarah corker has more. beneath the singing and shows of unity, this has been a bitter leadership battle. the anc came to power 23 years ago, and this election is seen as a pivotal moment for the party. soaring unemployment and allegations of corruption have fuelled frustration towards south africa's ruling party. two candidates are vying for the votes of nearly 5000 delegates to succeed president jacob zuma as the party's leader. as things stand, comrades, we have two candidates for the position of president — comrade cyril ramaphosa and comrade nkosaza na dlamini—zuma. nkosaza na dlamini—zuma is the ex—wife of jacob zuma and is promising to put more of the country's economy and land back in black hands. she's a former foreign
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and health minister, but critics say she's too close to jacob zuma. cyril ramaphosa is currently the deputy president and is running on an anticorruption ticket. he's backed by the business community and analysts say he is most popular with the middle classes. we are here to support cyril ramaphosa to become our next president, to clean the anc from corruption. we support comrade nkosazana dlamini—zuma because i think what she's advocating for, she speaks a lot about the question of radical economic transformation. whoever eventually wins will be well placed to become president of south africa in the next general election in 2019, but also faces the huge challenge of uniting a divided party. the white house has confirmed the cia provided intelligence to russian security services that helped foil a terror attack.
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russian agents raided a flat allegedly used as a base to plan an attack on the kazan cathedral in st petersburg. seven people were detained on charges of being members of so—called islamic state. president putin has thanked the us for its help. here's david willis in washington. the same to the talks to convey russia's thanks to the cia. -- vladimir putin spoke to donald trump. the intelligence was linked to stopping this attack on st petersburg and the cathedral, an iconic cathedral and other parts of the city, which are known to be of prime interest to tourists from around the world. what is interesting about this is that the
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two lea d e rs interesting about this is that the two leaders themselves really do appear to be very chummy with each other, i mentioned just last week there was a conversation between them as well. that followed vladimir putin's annual press conference in which he heaped praise on donald trump's handling of the us economy. david willis in washington there. let's take a look at some of the other stories the news now. police investigating the deaths of a 75—year—old canadian billionaire and his wife say the couple were strangled. barry sherman — who founded a major pharmaceutical company — was found dead with his wife, honey, at their mansion on friday. authorities in the philippines say 26 people have been killed following landslides on the island of biliran. it comes a day after tropical storm kai—tak pounded the east of the archipelago nation. the storm has also caused widespread flooding across the country and displaced thousands of families. hundreds of flights were delayed or cancelled at atlanta international airport, as a power outage left passengers stranded in darkened terminals
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or in aircraft idling on the tarmac. flights bound for atlanta were grounded and departures delayed. three major airlines, united, american and south west all suspended operations. at least eight people have been killed and dozens of others injured after a suicide bomb attack on a methodist church in pakistan. it happened in the city of quetta where there have been a number of attacks in the past year. tom burridge has more. a celebration ahead of christmas targeted by extremists. pakistan's police and army firing shots in the aftermath, as they surrounded the church. and earlier, the attackers's effo rts church. and earlier, the attackers's efforts to get in and kill as many as they could captured on cctv. watch the man in brown, who suddenly reveals a machine—gun and starts to
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try and access the church compound. his accomplice, behind him and white, falls over. it then takes a long time to climb the gate but it is chilling to watch, as the men wearing suicide vest exchange shots with security guards, imagine the panic in the church nearby. 0fficials panic in the church nearby. officials say one of the attackers we re officials say one of the attackers were shot dead at the entrance to the compound, a second man detonated his best year to the church door. the body of those killed or to the local more true, too much for relatives, their loved ones killed a week before christmas. and at local hospitals, those injured spoke of their fear as the attackers did all they could to get inside the church. the inflation back we were all in the church and when we heard the sound of gunfire, we close the doors. the firing continued for a while, then there was an explosion
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by the church door. the group that calls itself islamic state claimed responsibility for the attack, which pakistan's president described as cowardly. tom burrage, bbc news. —— burridge. police in lebanon are investigating the death of a british embassy worker. the bbc has been told the body of rebecca dykes was found on the side of a motorway on saturday, just as martin patience gave this update from beirut. we understand that rebecca dykes was having a going away party for a colleague in a popular restaurant area of the city and she left that area of the city and she left that are around midnight and sometime after that, it was believed she was abducted. her body was found dumped on the side of the motorway on saturday morning. police sources have told us that they believe rebecca was strangled, she had been in the country for almost a year. she was working as a programme officerfor she was working as a programme officer for the department of international development, and we have been hearing from the embassy,
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the british ambassador here in beirut. he said that the whole embassy was deeply shocked by the news, and he added that they were working closely with the lebanese authorities, who were conducting this police investigation stopping —— who are. austria's new government is due to be sworn in on monday, after the far—right freedom party agreed to join a coalition government. it'll be the junior partner, alongside the conservative people's party, taking charge of the foreign, interior and defence ministries. so what does the freedom party stand for and has it influenced european politics? bethany bell has more from vienna. a campaign video for the far right freedom party, a couple wakes up to discover their home has been overrun by strangers. the video avoid xenophobic images, but the message is clear. austria for the austrians. support for the freedom party sword
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during the migrant crisis of 2015, then austria's conservative party, and a sebastian kurz, also moved to the right. but now, sebastian kurz has formed a coalition with the far right. it is controversial, the party, a majorforce in austrian politics, was founded by former nazis in the 1950s. 0bservers said freedom party policies have helped set the agenda, not only in austria but across europe. of course, the freedom party is traditionally a far right party, however, what you have seenin right party, however, what you have seen in the last years is that many other parties in europe and also here in austria, havejoined other parties in europe and also here in austria, have joined their issues. they took over their positions and in that sense, i think they set a certain tone all over europe. the mayor of this town is from the freedom party, he says it is not an extreme right movement and people should not be scared. inflation back we are a right—wing
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party, it is true. we also homeland party, it is true. we also homeland party, but we stand by european values. we stand for democracy and human rights, and i can understand where this view comes from. but the past still troubles the party. his recently published photo shows a freedom party politician apparently giving hitler salute. he denied the charge, but also did not take up his seatin charge, but also did not take up his seat in the upper house of parliament. in the year 2000, there we re parliament. in the year 2000, there were huge protests against the freedom party when itjoined the previous government. back then, the eu even imposed limited diplomatic sanctions on austria. there was an outcry in austria and across europe, but today eu sanctions are very unlikely. austria's new leader, sebastian kurz, has pledged to former pro—eu government. austria has changed, europe has changed, and 110w has changed, europe has changed, and now some people are wondering if the
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freedom party has really changed too. stay with us on bbc news. a right royal exclusive. prince harry interviews former us president barack obama. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes but they brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict, conflict that has claimed over 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of serbia, bosnia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details
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of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the un warns leaders in myanmar they could face charges of genocide over the persecution of rohingya muslims. voting's under way in johannesburg where south africa's governing anc is choosing a new leader. one of chile's richest men, the conservative businessman sebastian pinera, has won sunday's presidential election run—off. he secured nearly 55% of the votes, defeating the left—wing senator and journalist,
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alejandro guillier by ten percentage points. mr pinera, who was president until 2014, has promised a better life for all chileans. we can now go live to jane chambers in santiago. thank you forjoining us here on bbc news. around ten percentage points. that is quite a wide margin, isn't it? it absolutely is and it wasn't expect that. when people went to the polling stations earlier on, they couldn't call it. they said it would bea couldn't call it. they said it would be a very close run. back in the first round of elections in november, pinera didn't secure 50% of the vote needed not to have this second election they have just that. it isa second election they have just that. it is a much wider margin. do we know where sebastian pinera drew the support from? there were some presumptions. i think what happened
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backin presumptions. i think what happened back in november, you had three main candidates, guillier, beatrice sanchez and pinera. anyone on the left leaning side wouldn't vote for pinera and guillier would pick up those votes. despite what people thought, more people came out to vote when they initially thought and people were feeling they really wa nted people were feeling they really wanted to get behind pinera and they would offer them a better presidency and guillier. he had more of a programme to offer them. more people coming out than expected. i wonder, have two candidates infused the voters and really engaged with their bases during this campaign? voters and really engaged with their bases during this campaign7m voters and really engaged with their bases during this campaign? is a
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good question. they have infused many good question. they have infused ma ny voters good question. they have infused many voters but not as many as they would like. there was still a sense of disillusionment in chile against politics. there has been corruption on both sides. there is a feeling amongst many chileans that neither candidate are offering what they really wa nt. candidate are offering what they really want. this is a trend we are seeing in other countries around the world as well. so, mr pinera wants to cut spending. he has a conservative platform. how hard is it going to be him to enact those policies and promises? he has promised, he wants to double economic growth. he wants to make more than half a million jobs. economic growth. he wants to make more than half a millionjobs. i think it will be easier for him than it would have been for alejandro guillier. traditionally, the left—wing parties have coalition that they are part of. the idea was that they are part of. the idea was that if he got in, it would have
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been much harderfor him to get his policies through because the left—wing parties are so splintered. i think things will be easier for sebastian pinera with his right—wing party. jane chambers, thank you very much. let's return now to the rohingya crisis and the un's human rights chief has said he personally warned myanmar‘s leader aung san suu kyi about appalling atrocities against the rohingya people —— but that her government questioned the methodology used by the un. zeid ra'ad al hussein told the bbc‘s justin rowlatt how evidence began to build that could lead to charges of genocide against myanmar‘s leadership. when the first campaign was launched last year on the back of an attack against a border post, allegedly, we sensed this was really well well thought out and planned. and what seems to have happened is that they were pushing on a door
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and if it moved, then they would continue to push. the people of the village would be told that they don't belong there, and then the attacks on houses began, either by setting them alight or by going after the individual people. the import is obvious, you will die unless you move. what difference will it actually make if it isjudged to be genocide? well, the gravity and the scale would be suggestive of a commission of a crime that requires a response by the international community. and you think using the term genocide, classifying the nature and the scale of the crime, is an important way to ensure appropriate justice is done? what we said is on the basis
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of what we can see. we feel on the basis of what you see you cannot rule it out. the question of intentionality going back to genocide, it is hard to establish. the threshold is high. that is why we continue to say that a court has to do this. but it wouldn't surprise me in the future if a court was to make such a finding on the basis of what we've seen. because of the systematic nature of it? because of the organisation and planning that went into it, we can infer that from the actions on the ground. and then there is the crime of omission, that if it came to your knowledge that this was being committed and you did nothing to stop it, then you could be culpable as well for that. given the scale of the military operation, clearly, these would have to be decisions taken at a high enough level. but almost certainly at the very highest levels, because this attracted the attention of the world community very early on, and it's inconceivable that the army chief
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and, you know, aung san suu kyi, were not aware that this was happening in their country. the international news media was awash with imagery of burning villages, of claims that atrocities were being committed. so, certainly, one could make the argument that there was time sufficient for a halt to the operations and inquiries to be launched. and that didn't seem to happen. so i'm quite sure that a future jurisdiction in a court would probably ask those very questions. search and recovery teams in chile are continuing their search for 15 people reported missing after a landslide killed at least five people. the avalanche of mud and rocks was caused by torrential rain in the remote village of villa santa lucia, in chile's lake region. nimesh thaker reports. the power and reach of the mudslide
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was enormous. some 20 homes and a school was destroyed and electricity and water supplies was cut off. with the backing of the chilean air force, the 300 villagers who saw their community destroyed now have more hope of relief and starts to their recovery. declared a catastrophe zone, the central government says more resources will be released to help the search and recovery tea ms. be released to help the search and recovery teams. the region had been put on a red alert after more than four inches of rain fell in a 24—hour period as the forecasters predict that, the intense rains which caused the mudslide have eased off. it has also allowed those who are able to help their neighbours battle sporadic fires and to provide medical support to those injured in the avalanche. in its first 2a hours, dozens of people were airlifted out of the disaster zone and to medical centres. it will take time though to rebuild and recover the lost land.
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prince harry has taken on a new role — as a journalist, and interviewed the former us president barack obama. the interview was recorded at the invictus games in september and will be broadcast on bbc radio over christmas. prince harry gave mr 0bama some interview advice ahead of the discussion. doi do i have to speak faster? no, no. government too i need a british accent? if you are going to use long pauses... i want to see that face. it isa20 pauses... i want to see that face. it is a 20 minutes package for the bbc's it is a 20 minutes package for the bbc's after christmas. we hope to use the whole thing as a broadcast after christmas. excellent. 0k. use the whole thing as a broadcast after christmas. excellent. ok. i am ready. you guys have sound? you are
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sounding great. it's fun. i will interview you if you want. not a bad first guest. the latest star wars film has generated more than $450 million in global ticket sales on its opening weekend. the total for the lastjedi sales on its opening weekend. the total for the last jedi includes sales on its opening weekend. the total for the lastjedi includes 220 million from box office is in the us and canada. this places the film ‘s second in the all—time list for north america behind the 2015 film star wars the force awakens. the lastjedi is the eighth instalment of the series which began 40 years ago. a reminder of our top story. the united nations has warned the leaders of myanmar they could face charges of genocide over the persecution of rohingya muslims. stay with us on bbc news. it was a weekend of two halves, with saturday's sunshine replaced
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by sunday's cloud and drizzle. here was a scene by one of our weather watchers taken on sunday afternoon in stevenage in hertfordshire. grey skies there. monday will be a brighter start to the week ahead, which is looking mainly dry, rather cloudy, turning milder, particularly towards the west but we've got some dense fog patches to watch out for, particularly during tuesday. now, monday dominated by this big ridge of high pressure, so that's going to keep things generally dry and settled. quite a chilly start to the day with some frost around and also the odd mist and fog patch to content with first thing too. if we look at monday morning, 8am, if you're heading to work or on the school run for instance, temperatures around four or five degrees across wales and the south—west of england. it's a dry start. colder, though, further east across england, towns and cities a degree or two above freezing. could be subzero in the countryside. watch out for the odd icy stretch, perhaps some fog patches up towards manchester. much of northern england, northern ireland and scotland looking dry to start off the day. but could be a little bit
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of mistiness around, which should slowly clear during the day. so plenty of dry, bright weather on the cards through monday with light winds too. and it will be turning that bit milder, particularly from the west. here we'll see temperatures between around seven to nine degrees. further east across the country, slightly cooler, typically around 4—6 for newcastle towards norwich for instance. then through monday night, that's when we start to see visibility really going downhill. notjust mist but really dense fog forming through the early hours of tuesday. in fact, freezing fog across parts of the south—east, which will be really slow to clear. could be quite problematic during tuesday morning. in fact, you may well see disruption to travel, air travel, road travel across central, southern and eastern parts of england with all that fog around. it will be really quite slow to clear i think during tuesday. further north—west across the country, its low cloud, hill fog and drizzle likely here. gradually pushing eastwards as we head through the day. either way a foggy, grey sort of a day. five or six celsius towards the south—east, 10 to 12 in the north—west. then as we move through into the middle of the week, this frontal system starts to slip south and east across the uk for wednesday.
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so wednesday, a north—south split. drizzly and grey in the south, brighter skies further north. temperatures around nine to 12 degrees. still a little showery rain across southern parts of england and wales on thursday. brighter with sunshine and a few showers per the north, seven to 11 degrees. bye— bye. this is bbc news. the headlines: the united nations has warned the leaders of myanmar could face charges of genocide over the persecution of rohingya muslims. the un's human rights chief said he assumes the country's de facto leader, aung san suu kyi, sanctioned their repression. some 650,000 rohingya muslims have fled to bangladesh since august. south africa's governing anc is voting to choose a new leader to succeed presidentjacob zuma.
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nearly 5,000 delegates are choosing between the deputy president, cyril ramaphosa, and former foreign minister nkosazana dlamini—zuma. president putin has acknowledged the help of the cia in preventing terror attacks in st petersburg. he said he had told president trump the information had helped to track down and detain a terrorist group preparing blasts in kazan cathedral and other public places in the city. now on bbc news, the week in parliament.
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