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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 23, 2017 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm gavin grey. our top stories: the un security council unanimously backs tough new sanctions against north korea, severely restricting its ability to import oil. today this council stands united against a north korean regime that rejects the pursuit of peace. a man's been charged in the united states with planning a terrorist attack in san francisco over christmas. two former fifa bosses are found guilty by a court in new york of accepting millions of dollars in bribes. also in the programme: thousands gather at the imperial palace injapan to wish emperor akihito a happy birthday. the united nations security council has passed biting new sanctions
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on north korea that will cut oil supplies vital for pyongyang's missile and nuclear programmes. with china's backing, the council in new york voted unanimously to adopt the us—drafted resolution. the sanctions also force north koreans working overseas to return home — cutting off another revenue stream for kim jong—un‘s regime. the bbc‘s nada tawfik is at the un. this is the 10th security council resolution imposing sanctions on north korea. none before it has convinced kim jong—un to abandon his nuclear programme, but diplomats hope this resolution will bite hard enough to change the regime's calculus — or at the very least, restrict its ability to carry out additional nuclear and missile tests. president trump specifically asked president xi of china to cut oil to pyongyang, believing it would be a pivotal step.
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according to the united states, north korea imported 4.5 million barrels of refined petroleum in 2016. this resolution now caps it to 500,000 barrels a year — a nearly 90% cut to a vital lifeline of the regime. mr trump celebrated the adoption of new sanctions, tweeting: "the world wants peace, not death". america's un ambassador nikki haley warned there would be repercussions if pyongyang continued on its course. today's resolution achieves an 89% total reduction of the kim regime's ability to import gasoline, diesel and other refined products, and should the north korean regime conduct another nuclear or ballistic missile test, this resolution commits the security council to take even further action. the chinese ambassador, wu haitao, repeated beijing's calls for dialogue. translation: china urges dprk to take seriously the demands of the international community, abide by and implement the council
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resolutions, and refrain from conducting any further nuclear and missile tests. the resolution also requires countries to expel north koreans working abroad within 2a months in an effort to cut off an important source of revenue. 15 north korean officials in the ministry which manages logistics for the army will now be added to the un blacklist. and, to counter sanctions evasion, the resolution requires countries to seize ships caught smuggling banned items. earlier i spoke to drjohn park. he is director of the korea working group at the harvard kennedy school. he is also advisor to the us departments of defence, state, and the treasury, as well as the national security council and congressional committees. i said the un started introducing sanctions in 2008 and some say only now have the level of sanctions in place. that is true, we are looking
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at measures that certainly are more tense, the scale and scope of these measures are much deeper than we have had in previous resolutions. however we also have to take into account that north korea is very far advanced in terms of its nuclear and ballistic missile development, so the question is, with the timescales here, it looks like it will take years for the impact of this kind of measures, and we are seeing progress in north korea in weeks and months. is it truly too late in terms of these measures? i'll ask you — do you think it is too late? if we look at these measures, sanctions i think at this point there is a lot of emphasis on getting north korea back to the negotiating table. but it is not about breaking up north korean procurement networks, particularly inside china and the mainland, and that is a question of the chinese government using law enforcement policy tools to break up these networks.
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we don't have it confirmed from north korea, but there was talk of a tunnel collapse that one of the missile launch sites. has that, or does this mean that, combined with the oil embargo, but that could have a real effect? north korea seems to be following its own timeline, this is a technical timeline. there was hope that during this pause that we saw recently, that north korea was working towards coming back to negotiations, those hopes were dispelled when the north koreans conducted what was their third icbm test. there is this temptation to attribute setbacks to tunnel collapses and other measures to these pauses, but from the track record, we have seen, the more complex a test is, the more time it takes, which is why we have seen the pause. why did china change its vote?
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china had been on board with these kind of measures, they have been stipulating that they would implement un security council measures, no more no less. the measures are a type of measured response overall, that it is calibrated, china is very careful not to join measures that would trigger the inadvertent collapse of the north korean regime. we see china trying to tread this line of supporting these measures are making sure they are not contributing to something that would trigger the overall collapse of the north korean regime. a former us marine has been arrested for allegedly plotting to launch a terror attack on christmas day in a busy tourist area of san francisco. everitt aaron jameson, a former us marine, was arrested by federal agents charged with planning an attack on one of the city's most popular tourist attractions, pier 39.
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let's go straight to peter bowes who is in los angeles for us. what more do we know? this came to light after someone reported that he had been involved in some suspicious activity on facebook he had been liking posts sympathetic to the so—called islamic state, he had also expressed some support to the attack in october in new york city, when a lorry was driven onto a bike path, and also the san bernardino shooting ofa and also the san bernardino shooting of a couple of years ago. he was under surveillance by the fbi, he met with an agent who he believed to bea met with an agent who he believed to be a senior leaderfrom is, and it was then that he revealed this plot, to essentially a tax on christmas day, one of the most popular tourist destinations in california, here 39 in san francisco, it is a very busy area with restless and shops, and he
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had apparently said that it would be a perfect time to carry out this attack. his home was raided on wednesday, they took away some weapons, some ammunition, there was a will, this was apparently to be a suicide mission, and also a note in which he referred to president trump's acknowledgement of jerusalem as the capital of israel. what more do we know of the 25—year—old suspect? he is a former marine, he was discharged for medical reasons, he had not disclosed that he was suffering from asthma. we know that he had been trained to use a wide range of weaponry come and he is now facing these very serious charges. he has actually appeared in court, through his lawyer, he has denied the allegations, if he is eventually tried and if he is convicted he
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would face a large fine and more than 20 years in prison. thank you. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. the number of people known to have been killed by a tropical storm in the southern philippines has risen to 30, according to local officials. flooding caused by tropical storm tembin has affected large areas of the island of mindanao. dozens of homes in one village were buried when heavy rain triggered a mudslide. the price of bitcoin has plummeted by 30% in just one day — marking the worst week for the cryptocurrency since 2013. it follows days of high—profile security problems at two exchanges — as well as stark warnings from global regulators about the risks posed by cryptocurrencies. donald trump has signed a $1.5 trillion tax bill into law, before heading to his florida resort for christmas. the legislation cuts the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% and includes funds for missile defence. it's the biggest overhaul to the us tax system in decades.
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two former fifa officials have been convicted by a jury for accepting millions of dollars in bribes, and are now facing long prison sentences. the trial in new york city was part of a us investigation into corruption at the football governing body. richard conway reports from new york. jury intimidation, a suicide, and claims of rampant corruption. this case, involving three senior football officials, has been likened to one involving the mafia. but the men aren't mobsters. instead, they were some of the most powerful figures in the sport. juan angel napout of paraguay was a vice president of fifa, football's world governing body, and was accused of taking bribes worth $10.5 million from television companies. he has been found guilty of three of the five charges against him. jose maria marin, the one—time head of brazilian football,
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was accused of taking nearly $6.5 million in bribes. he was found guilty of six of the seven charges against him. while manuel berga, the former head of the peruvian fa, is accused of taking bribes worth $4 million. the jury is still out on that charge. the roots of this case trace back to may 2015 when the american authorities first swooped, starting with a hotel call in zurich which nobody was expecting. in all, 42 football chiefs and executives have been indicted. these defendants, it is alleged, sought to institutionalise their corruption to ensure that it lived on, not for the good of the game, but for their own personal aggrandisement and gain. but securing convictions has not been easy. manuel berga was accused in court of making a cut—throat gesture towards the prosecution's star witness, while an argentine official named as taking cash took his own life. the investigation into bribery and corruption at the very top
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of world football began here in new york city over two and a half years ago. many of the officials caught up are cooperating with the authorities in the hope of receiving a reduced sentence. but the fallout for fifa, well, it doesn't stop with this trial, given the many references in court to a future world cup. key witnesses in the case described how payments allegedly stemming from qatar, which will host the 2022 world cup, were made to senior world officials. but they did not say what the money was for. tournament organisers insist there is no evidence of wrongdoing. the past few years have been enormously damaging for fifa, but one of its vice presidents told me that reforms are slowly changing the culture. fifa's behaviour has improved dramatically. i think that will continue. but it is going to take some time. people around the world accept that, and where that message gets through, there are still other improvements that need to happen. this is a big ship, an aircraft carrier, to try and turn.
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i think we started that process very well but you've got to get everybody on board to behave properly now as well. the days of mixing with the game's biggest stars are now at an end forjose maria marin and juan angel napout. the united nations has flown more than 100 vulnerable african refugees direct with libya to italy for the first time. an italian militaryjet touched down at an airport south of rome this afternoon carrying 110 women and children. those evacuated came from detention centres whose conditions have been condemned by humanitarian groups as inhumane. it is the first time the unhcr in libya has evacuated refugees directly to europe. they plan to evacuate between 5000 and 10,000 people in 2018. the head of the unhcr says there are thousands of extremely
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vulnerable refugees stranded in libya, that urgently need resettlement. these refugees have beenin resettlement. these refugees have been in detention until this morning, and mainly women, children, who were born in detention, a few days old. they are part of the protection work that unhcr does in libya, we have visited the detention centre, 995 times this year, and 1200 refugees, we have released. we are trying to send them to third countries where they can live in safety, because libya is still very dangerous for them. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a new fully—automated computer system to trap sexual predators from thousands of kilometres away. we saw this enormous tidal wave approaching the beach. people started to run, and suddenly, it was complete chaos.
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united states troops have been trying to overthrow the dictatorship of general manuel noriega. the pentagon said the operation was 90% successful, but failed but failed in its principal objective to capture general noriega and take him to the us to face drugs charges. the hammer and sickle was hastily taken away. the russian flag was hoisted over what is no longer the soviet union, but the commonwealth of independent states. day broke slowly over lockerbie over the cockpit of pan am's maid of the seas, nosedown in the soft earth. you could see what happens when a plane eight storeys high, a football pitch wide, falls from 30,000 feet. christmas has returned to albania after a communist ban lasting more than 20 years. thousands went to midnight mass in the town of shkroda where there were anti—communist riots ten days ago. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: the un security council has unanimously backed tough new sanctions against north korea, restricting its ability to import oil. a former us marine has been arrested by the fbi for allegedly planning a terror attack in san francisco over christmas. it's a growing problem in countries like the philippines — children put to work in front of webcams, forced to perform sex shows for paedophiles watching on the other side of the world. in 2013, a dutch organisation tried to find out how big the problem was by using the fake online profile of a 10—year—old filipina girl. they called her ‘sweetie'. more than 1,000 men offered her money to perform for them. now the team behind sweetie are launching a new project — this time, targeting individual predators themselves, and the software's being offered to police forces across the world. angus crawford reports from the netherlands. 0nline, undercover,
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searching chat rooms, looking for predators. sweetie is back. always, it's about sex. and always about adults who want to talk about sex. look, he's british, like many others, and remember they are talking to what they think is an 11—year—old girl. remember this? i'm not real. the computer—generated model... back then, sweetie needed human operators to type her chats online. the new version is different. they're popping up. fully automated, she can now handle hundreds of conversations at the same time. so you could be getting the information on thousands of men? there is no end. sweetie's avatar has been retired and replaced by two new ones, sometimes being shown to predators via webcam.
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but we can't show you, or they'd be no use anymore. they invite him into their house, which is the cybersex den... so, why is this new campaign? here's why. in the philippines, more and more children are being forced to sell sex to foreigners via webcam. five people were arrested, and there were more than 600 foreign customers in the network. he has turned on his camera... sweetie first showed us the scale of the problem. now the team is going on the offensive against men like this. he's naked and he thinks he knows you're just 12. exactly. and he wants you... to be naked... to turn on your camera... be naked, as well. i think he will... ..take off his trousers. their details could be passed to the police. and they'll get a nasty shock. an automatic message sent straight to their inbox.
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that will have a major impact on their behaviour. we know who you are. we know where you are. we know what you want. stop this. sweetie's job was to raise awareness, not catch criminals. this man, australian scott hanson, was one of the few to be prosecuted. but in many countries, this kind of evidence doesn't count. some police forces support the project, others don't. but the sweetie team go on, scouring chat rooms, turning the same technology used to exploit children back against the predators who seek them out. angus crawford, bbc news. japan's emperor akihito is greeting crowds who've gathered at the imperial palace to wish him a happy 84th birthday. currently, december 23rd is a national holiday but that might change into a normal working day after his abdication in april 2019, when his son crown prince naruhito becomes the new emperor.
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his birthday will then turn into the new national holiday. earlier, i spoke tojeff kingston. he's director of asia studies at temple university. yes. i mean, the media today is full of stories about the emperor and his family. there is clearly a warm veneration of emperor akihito and i think people are already sort of missing him. they realise how important he has been to japan over the last 35 years. he first talked about retirement a couple of years ago, but obviously, it was decided it was best to have a slow transition? yes, lifetime employment has a special meaning here. by the time he retires, it will be almost three years since he indicated his failing health would make it very difficult for him to carry out his duties.
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so it has taken the government a while to revise the law and to make reparations. —— preparations. but in may 2019, there will be a new emperor. i suspect, however, they will figure out a way to honour the current emperor, and make his birthday into a national holiday. what are the differences between he and narahito, would you say? i think the differences are far more profound with his own father, hirohito, who was rather aloof. i think akihito has made it his business to address the unfinished business of the war. so he has been the chief emissary of reconciliation with asian countries which suffered under the japanese military‘s boot. and domestically, he has made himself a sort of first responder, showing great compassion for the vulnerable and the dislocated. i think that narahito basically is similar to his father and i think he is well prepared
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to carry on the torch. and even those who are not big fans of the monarchy injapan will see this as a fairly smooth transition, you think? i think so. i would think the current prime minister, shinzo abe, will celebrate quietly. he and akihito have had their differences over the wartime history and also about constitutional revision. so the emperor, of course, the constitution forces him to refrain from doing anything political. he is just a symbol of the state. many of his gestures and comments resonated politically, and generally speaking, he has been on the opposite side of the arguments from the current prime minister. jeff kingston, from japan. how can we keep the memories, and lessons, of the holocaust forfuture generations? one idea is to capture survivors' stories on film. 0ne holocaust survivor, eva schloss,
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the stepsister of anne frank, has been taking part in an interactive project that will allow people to ask her questions about her life and preserve her testimony long into the future. reeta chakra barti has been to meet her. three, two, one, go ahead. meet eva schloss. she's 88, and survived the horrors of auschwitz. she spent days being filmed recounting her past so that people now and in the future can question her virtual self about what happened. my name is eva schloss. would you like to ask me some questions about my life? survivors are worrying what will happen when we are not around anymore — who is going to continue telling the story? because we think it is very important. we re were you reunited with any of your
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family or friends? now, at the museum of jewish heritage in new york, people can directly interview eva about what it was like in auschwitz, how she survived, and how it's affected her since. one of the questions — what was your most terrible moment in the camp? one day, my mother was selected to be gassed. and we were separated. and i thought, you know, i had lost her. but through a miracle, she was saved. and about three months later, we were reunited. over five days, eva answered more than 1,000 questions about her story. and while she was doing so, a film—maker recorded the process. i think what's different about this experience is it puts the viewer in a really active role. so instead of sort of passively watching a movie or reading a book, you're sort of forced to think of your own question, what you want to ask. and this is more or less the only picture i have with my mother and my father and me. because my father usually took all the pictures. eva schloss lost her father and her brother in the holocaust. remarkably, she says she has no
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hatred or bitterness in her heart. but she does want people to listen and to learn. this is what we have to teach our young people, to get involved what goes on. and to, if they see things going wrong, to speak out. technology is helping to prepare for the time when the survivors of this monstrous crime are no longer alive. it means eva schloss can continue telling her story for many decades to come. reeta chakrabarti, bbc news. plenty more on those stories and plenty more indeed on the news this hour on plenty more indeed on the news this houron our plenty more indeed on the news this hour on our website, login there, and the bbc news app. this is bbc news. hi, there.
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it has been cloudy for the past few days, very mild as well. more of the same to come over the next few days in the run—up to the big day itself. staying mild, turning a bit windier, and a bit of rain across the north—west the uk. particularly for western scotland. for the time being we've got a lot of cloud and high pressure to the south of the uk. these westerly winds bringing cloud off the atlantic. the weather front approaching scotland, bringing outbreaks of rain and wet weather to start the day across the northern isles. for many of us it's a dry, a cloudy and mild start. misty and murky around western coasts and hills, but probably not as murky as it has been over the past few days on account of the stronger winds. the winds pick up on saturday in the northern half of the uk and they will encourage a few breaks in the cloud every now and then. not many breaks for most of england and wales. it stays pretty dull and cloudy for most of the day. still murky over high ground of the moors in the south—west, across the hills of wales and pennines too. temperature wise, 10—12 celsius, similar to the last few days.
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the rain working in through the afternoon in northern ireland. turning wet in scotland. in eastern areas, prospects of a few bright and sunny spells on account of the strong winds blowing holes in the cloud sheet. through saturday night, there will still be some pulses of rain coming and going across scotland. if anything it turns heavier in western areas and it will be persistent. another mild night. temperatures 9—10 celsius widely. for christmas eve and christmas day, this weather front becomes very slow—moving, often targeting western scotland, with pulses of heavy rain. those rainfall totals mounting up. we could see some localised surface flooding across western scotland in the run—up to the big day. so the potential for localised transport disruption here. christmas eve will be a breezier day. 0ften cloudy, still with spots of rain and drizzle in western areas. the stronger winds again encouraging a couple of cloud breaks every now and then. temperatures, as you were —10—12 celsius. christmas day, we continue the theme of mild and cloudy weather.
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a bit windier. the band of rain moves in across northern ireland and scotland and into the far north—west of england and wales. if you go into the high mountains, above 500 metres elevation, you might see a bit of snow, but for the vast majority it is going to be a mild christmas day. but after christmas, keep in touch with the weather forecast because it turns colder and the chance of seeing heavy snow perhaps affecting parts of the pennines, which could cause disruption after christmas. this is bbc news, the headlines: president trump has welcomed the unanimous vote by the un security council to impose tough new sanctions against north korea. he said the move showed the world's desire for peace, not war. under the new sanctions oil imports to north korea will be severely limited. a man's been arrested in the us for allegedly plotting an attack in san francisco over christmas. everitt aaron jameson, a former marine, is said to have revealed his plans to an undercover agent whom he believed to be from the islamic state group. two former south american football officials have been convicted by a us court of taking millions of dollars in bribes. paraguay‘sjuan angel napout
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and jose maria marin of brazil are likely to be jailed for at least ten years for taking bribes to grant broadcasting contracts. now on bbc news, anne marie tasker and kofi smiles look back
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