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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  January 18, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten: britain and france sign a deal agreeing new measures to tackle the numbers of migrants at calais. at a summit in sandhurst, theresa may committed tens of millions of pounds to strengthen the uk's border controls in france. these are all important developments for the future. enhancing our bilateral relationship, increasing the security of both our countries and also increasing the prosperity of both our countries. and both countries have committed to closer defence and security co—operation in the coming years after brexit translation:. brexit discussions should not in any way impact the quality of the relationship between our two countries. it will never prevent a high level of cooperation between britain and france. we'll have the latest from sandhurst where president macron also confirmed the loan of the bayeux tapestry to britain. also tonight... hospital consultants in wales say
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patient safety is being compromised, and that the nhs and social care are chronically under resourced. we've got patient in the apartment where we don't have space to see them. we're coming back the next day and some of the patients are still here. it's getting worse every winter but this is the worst we have seen it. scientists say that man—made climate change is now the most important factor in pushing up the earth's temperatures. the court of appeal is to consider whether terminally—ill patients , should be allowed assistance , if they wish to die. and at 36,000 feet, the pope has officiated at an improvised marriage service. and coming up on sportsday: defending masters snooker champion ronnie 0'sullivan says he's glad to be knocked out of the tournament after losing in the quarterfinals. good evening.
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britain and france have tonight agreed to closer ties on defence and security and measures to tackle the migrant crisis. the deal was struck between theresa may and emmanuel macron, who was making his first visit to the uk since becoming president of france last year. the talks took place at the royal military academy, sandhurst. mrs may committed tens of millions of pounds to strengthen uk border controls in france. the sandhurst treaty will also accelerate the processing of migrants trying to come to the uk through calais. and while both countries committed to closer military cooperation, mr macron warned that if britain wanted access to the single market after brexit, then it would have to play by the eu's rules. 0ur deputy political editor john pienaar reports. nothing like a bit of pomp and ceremony to get a big meeting started. monsieur macron and mrs may won't be
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eu partners much longer, so they are now keener than ever to keep in step where they can, to stay in tune. france is a key ally. brexit is coming and the prime minister is treading a delicate line. cooperation now, always hoping friendship pays off in the future. at least, goodwill is on theresa may's wish list. the president came to this sandhurst summit to talk business about military collaboration and border co—operation. he wanted more cash for border control. he went to a migrant centre near calais this week, and he's been promised another £41; million for border security. more child migrants would be allowed into britain and families reunited faster. borisjohnson and a troupe of cabinet colleagues mingled with french counterparts. the two countries are the eu's biggest military powers, and today they promised british helicopters
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to help french troops fighting jihadists in west africa. so although the deals and agreements being struck and signed here are important, this summit matters more than just the sum of its parts. france will be crucial to britain's chances of getting a good brexit deal including on trade, and the france— uk relationship will also be important in determining britain's clout as a global player after brexit. when the two leaders appeared to face the media, mrs may was clearly keen to make her guests feel at home. she speaks french. her ambition? enhancing our bilateral relationship, increasing the security of our countries and also increasing the prosperity of both our countries, and that is good for the people of france and of the uk. he sounded friendly too, having agreed to lend the 1000—year—old bayeux tapestry, he joked it was time for a new one, more peace for this time.
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—— peaceful. but as for letting british financial services free access to europe? be my guest. be my guest, he said, but only if you pay into the eu budget and obey the european court. president, prime minister, ladies and gentlemen, thank you very much. 0n the count of three, a little bit of a smile, please. to look at the leaders and their top teams beaming on cue, you would never know the two countries have been europe's biggest rivals and closest neighbours for time out of mind. they still are, but it suits both sides to get on well. mrs may is certainly hoping they will. with me is our diplomatic correspondent james robbins. we'll talk to james in a moment, but first to john pienaar at westminster. this obviously wasn't a brexit summit today, but clearly that was the context. yes, mrs may quite clearly wants to stay as far as possible on president macron‘s good side for all sorts of reasons, but among them the fact his voice will be as influential as any lead in
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europe and much what influential than most when it comes to deciding the shape of brexit in negotiations. as things stand, britain and france do not see the shape of brexit the same way in every respect at all, and among those reasons and problems is the access to the european single market for the financial services business centred in the city of london. as things stand, after brexit, the city will lose the access it has now and paris certainly would like a slice of that cake. we saw president macron this evening saying, look, if you want to carry on without accessing the future, be my guest, but you'll have to carry on paying into the eu budget as you do now. you'll have to carry on following european union regulations and have those regulations and have those regulations watched over by the european court of justice. politically theresa may could really not agree to that, it would be politically impossible. even if she wanted to go along with that, brexiteers, much of her party, would not allow it. as i say, a great deal
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more diplomacy required. i'm going to turn to james more diplomacy required. i'm going to turn tojames in more diplomacy required. i'm going to turn to james in the studio. when you look at the kind of deals being struck today, what does today tell us struck today, what does today tell us about the state of play now between britain and france? us about the state of play now between britain and france7m us about the state of play now between britain and france? it tells us between britain and france? it tells us how complex this relationship is. the arrangements to support france in the field against islamists in africa by sending helicopters is generally militarily useful to the french, as they will britain on the nato border with russia and estonia. it was very clear this wasn't altogether a meeting of equals, these are two countries with very similar economic power in the world. they both sit on the security council. you were very aware, i was very the security council. you were very aware, i was very aware the security council. you were very aware, i was very aware at sandhurst, you are watching a man who feels immensely powerful as a consequence of sweeping to victory in the presidency at the head of a new party and sweeping all before him in french parliament. facing a woman who had no such success in her election the same year. there was an
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imbalance of power, you felt, between them, and very striking president macron was the one who spelt out the terms of the changes to britain's immigration procedures in calais, accelerating the process of getting unaccompanied children to britain. theresa may didn't want to talk about that, it's highly politically sensitive. you felt there was a lot of tension in the room. not, as president macron said, that he wants to punish britain. but he said he didn't want to award britain. you felt this was a man who knew he would play a very substantial part in brexit negotiations, and that britain was the one that for better or worse was heading into uncharted waters. james robbins our diplomatic correspondent. and john pienaar earlier at westminster. the uk is in the grip of the worst flu season for seven years. the latest figures show that the number of people who went to their gp with suspected flu in england rose by 40% in the past week, with similar numbers in the rest of the uk. the cold weather is keeping up the pressure on accident and emergency units. in wales, dozens of senior doctors have written to the welsh government saying that patient safety is being put at risk
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to an unacceptable degree. they said planning for a winter crisis had been inadequate, and the nhs in wales is "chronically under—resourced". here's our wales correspondent sian lloyd. we've heard of emergency units across the uk in crisis and today doctors in wales raised concerns about the system here. tim rogerson is one of 46 consultants in emergency medicine who put their name to a letter sent to the first minister warning that patient safety is being compromised. well, there's good evidence that in a crowded emergency department that patients have their treatment delayed. and that can make their illness more protracted and, ultimately, it can make people's lives be at risk. so yes, people may die because of the pressures that we are facing. she had to wait three or four hours for the ambulance, then she had to sit outside accident and emergency in the ambulance, then she got transferred to a trolley in a corridor. 82—year—old joan phelps is now being cared for in hospital, but her daughter, tricia, is horrified at the 13 hours it took for her mother to be treated.
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so as a patient, especially in south wales, you almost come to expect it. you know that once the winter comes you know if anything happens and you need an ambulance, get comfortable in that ambulance, because that's where you're going to be staying for the next couple of hours. resus is full, trolley bays are full. the team at morriston hospital in swansea is trying to come up with ways of dealing with busy times. many of those packed into this room have volunteered to leave their desk jobs tojoin medical staff on the front line. are you being looked after? donna day is one of them. a personal assistant with the health board. she's now working to speed up the flow of patients to the hospital. i'll come down onto the ward, get the bed state and see how many beds we've got, if we've got any discharges due, or potential discharges for the various times of the day. and if there's anything delaying those discharges, then i can chase that up.
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the scheme is having some success, but the nhs in wales is facing many challenges. the latest figures show that in december less than 80% of a&e patients in wales were admitted or discharged within four hours. that is way below the welsh government's 95% target and worse than a year ago. the welsh government says that this december was the busiest on record. it recognises the challenges faced by staff and says it has invested an extra £60 million to help people working in emergency units like this one deliver their services. we are better prepared than ever before, but there are real risks in where we go. spike in demand, unavoidable pressures, but also planned for pressures. and we've seen some of those. politicians and doctors recognise that this problem is not going away any time soon. in fact, it's feared patients could wait even longer unless there is a revolution in the way health and social care is delivered.
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sian lloyd, bbc news, swansea. as we said, the latest figures show the number of people in england who went to their gp with suspected flu rose by a0 % in the past week, with similar numbers in the rest of the uk. 0ur health editor hugh pym is at st mary's hospital in london. what has been said about this growing pressure? public health officials are confirming this is the worst flu season we seen since the winter of 2010—11 in terms of hospital admissions. they are not back at the levels seen before winter but officials say this is a significant flu season and when you look at the number of people going into gp surgeries with flu—like symptoms, there has been a really sharp increase since the new year. nearly four fold in wales. it may explain some of the pressures on a&e between two and three fold increases
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seen since the new year in other parts of the uk. public health staff say there are things people can do to minimise the risk of catching was spreading through, it's not too late to have the flu jab. in english a&e units performance improved very slightly in the second week of this year compared to the forced. few ambulances stuck outside hospitals waiting to hand over patients. one leading virus expert has said it's very possible this is just another bad flu season which the nhs has dealt with before. but this time you have a lot of pressure already there. the challenge is an ageing population is facing multiple health conditions and that i think is why there is concern that high levels of there is concern that high levels of the nhs about what flu might yet bring. many thanks for the latest, hugh pym at st mary ‘s hospital. severe gales have hit much of northern europe and four people have been killed by falling trees or debris, where gusts of up to 90 miles per hour have been recorded. across the netherlands and germany, winds caused severe disruption on roads and damage to property. hundreds of flights and trains were also cancelled. here, powerful winds have caused
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disruption across parts of the uk, with gusts of over 80 miles an hour. tens of thousands of homes have been without power for much of the day in east anglia and the south—east of england. the high winds brought down trees and power cables, blocking rail lines and roads and damaging homes. for the first time, scientists say they're confident that the impact of humans on the global climate is dwarfing that of natural change. research from agencies that monitor climate change, including the uk met office and the us space agency nasa, shows that 2017 was the hottest year on record. and 17 of the 18 warmest years recorded since 1850 have been in this century. researchers say that burning fossilfuels is to blame, as our environment analyst roger harrabin explains. the recent wildfires in california, not caused by man—made climate change, but influenced by high temperatures drying out parched land.
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followed by the deadly mudslides there, caused by an unusual combination of extreme rain and heat. some scientists say the latest global temperature record proves it's co2 emissions that are the main thing heating the planet. look back to the worldwide temperature graphs of the 1990s from the met office. the warming el nino current caused that spike in 1998. temperature dips for a few years after that, but in 2015 and 2016, el nino is back with record highs. but look. 2017 had no heating from el nino, and it's in the top three hottest years. a clear sign that greenhouse gases are the main drivers of warming. what this is showing really is that these influences of the human activity on climate through our emissions of greenhouse gases are really dwarfing the natural climate processes associated with el nino. flooding near the coast like this
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after hurricane harvey is the most certain outcome of climate change, as the seas rise and the planet keeps on warming. today's report has been a real wake—up call. it really shows that climate change is happening and it's happening now. you know, it shows that we can't keep burning coal, oil and gas, and that politicians need to stop dithering and take real action. in scotland, travellers may be wondering why they've got snow while the world is warming, but that's just short—term weather. heatwaves in australia look more like climate change, records being broken all the time. all nations except the usa are committed to tackling climate change. they all accept they need to do more. roger harrabin, bbc news. a couple in california accused of imprisoning their 13 children for several years while subjecting them to appalling abuse have appeared in court for the first time.
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david and louise turpin pleaded not guilty to more than 90 charges, including torture and false imprisonment. 0ur correspondent james cook is at the hearing. what's been going on? david and louise turpin appeared a few seconds ago inside the courtroom here. it was a brief, procedural appearance at which they pleaded not guilty. louise turpin, sitting along the left—hand side of the bench as we looked at them, the cameras were not allowed into the court, david turpin, with a mop of grey hair, sitting in the middle —— the cameras we re sitting in the middle —— the cameras were allowed in. they are facing the most serious charges that any parent could face short of murder. they are facing charges that date back in california until 2010 of torturing, abusing, tying up and mistreating
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their children, who were severely malnourished. we got a lot more detail today, some of it very distressing, about how these children were punished by their pa rents. children were punished by their parents. they were punished through beatings, to being hogtied even. they were so severely malnourished, and one of the girls had been plotting the escape along with some of her siblings for two years before she finally made it out. james, thanks for bringing us up to date on that case in california. the private financing of projects such as the building of schools and hospitals is costing taxpayers billions of pounds more than public sector alternatives. that's the verdict of the the parliament's spending watchdog. its report suggests that a group of schools cost 40% more to build, and a hospital 70% more. the debate on private companies delivering public services has become more urgent this week with the collapse of carillion — the uk's second largest construction firm. here's our economics editor, kamal ahmed. shiny new roads, shiny, award—winning new schools. shiny new hospitals. but they have come at a cost:
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private financing — they're called pfis — that is more expensive than traditional government borrowing. is it time for them to be brought back under government control? pfis cost us more over a longer period, and it's much cheaper to borrow money in the traditional way. so bringing them back will actually save a lot of money. there have been successes — the thames super sewer, on budget and on target — and problems... a lack of flexibility in the contract, which can leave schools with bizarre bills, like £8,000 for a window blind. and the overspends, leaving schemes struggling to make ends meet. this is university college london hospital, one of the country's largest and most expensive pfi projects. there are 700 other private finance initiatives in the uk. taxpayers are paying more than £10 billion a year for them, and the bills will keep rolling in until the 2040s.
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using private companies to deliver big public sector projects does involve some trade—offs. yes, they might be more expensive. yes, we could be paying the bills for decades ahead. but what do we get in return? we get schemes that are delivered more quickly. and for politicians ever worried about the general election that could be just ahead, that speed really matters. it mattered to them. tony blair and gordon brown turbo—charged the number of pfi contracts. there are fewer now, and scotland has changed the way it finances public sector projects. rohan silva advised david cameron on government delivery. the original thinking was to bring private sector investment, but also rigour and discipline, to the building of public sector projects. government wasn't so good at getting stuff built on time and on budget. the truth is, though, that this approach was really abused, particularly in the 2000s.
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it got extended to schools and hospitals, completely inappropriate for this type of financing. the collapse of carillion, a big pfi provider, has put the debate about private finance and public projects back in the spotlight. the government insists pfi has delivered, and the rules have been tightened. but today's report shows just how high the cost has been. kamal ahmed, bbc news. president trump has denied that his views have changed about building a wall along the border with mexico. building the wall was a key campaign pledge, and embodied his vision of america first. in the second of our reports charting a year of the trump presidency, our north america editorjon sopel has travelled to the border with mexico, and considers how mr trump has shaped american foreign policy. if you want a symbol of the trump approach to foreign policy, it's this: the wall. we will build the wall, as sure as you are standing there tonight.
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we need the wall. what's here at the moment, he sees as woefully inadequate, as he tweeted about again today. "we need the wall for the safety and security of our country. we need the wall to help stop the massive inflow of drugs from mexico." he wants a physical barrier sealing america from mexico, literally. but it's a metaphor, too, for the rest of the world — america first, america protected. up the coast from this barren border in california, it feels like another planet. 0n the outskirts of la is the high—tech pharmaceutical company zencore, one of many in the area. this is the entire staff. this is how many of them were born in the us. this is how many have parents who were born in the us. the owner, himself ofjordanian origin, says the president's immigration policies are self—defeating. we're competing against china and india and europe. if we can't bring in the best from everywhere, we're not going to win anymore.
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when you think of these american industries, we don't function without the ability to get the best talent from the world. and, well, that means immigration. america can't just disentangle itself from the rest of the world and its long—standing commitments, whether it be trade with the people who live on the other side of this wall, whether it be nato commitments, the pacific, orfighting isis, or donald trump's long—standing ambition of bringing peace between the israelis and the palestinians. just along from here, they are working out what sort of wall to build. the inspiration for it are the concrete sections of the separation barrier that israel has built. when donald trump visited the region last may, he made a point of being evenhanded, pleasing israelis with his visit to the western wall, satisfying palestinians by going to bethlehem. but he enraged the arab world when last month, he announced he wanted to recognisejerusalem as israel's capital and move the us embassy there.
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this is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. it is also the right thing to do. palestinians were horrified and showed their disgust by burning us flags. one year on, no one's any clearer about what the trump peace plan will look like. a reinforced wall might stop illegal immigrants scurrying across the borderfrom mexico, but it's not going to do much to stop an intercontinental ballistic missile fired from north korea. that country's nuclear tests have provided donald trump with his greatest foreign policy challenge, a challenge he's met in his own inimitable way. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself, and for his regime. they will be met with fire and fury. but here, the tough talk may be working. yes, the provocative nuclear tests have continued, but have slowed down. tougher sanctions have been agreed,
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and north korea has reopened a line of communications to the south, and its athletes will now participate in the forthcoming winter olympics. is that the trump effect? donald trump had almost seemed to hope that the world would leave america alone, but that's not how it works when you're us president. the world has a habit of intruding. and even the sturdiest wall and the most trenchant america—first slogan can only protect you from so much. jon sopel, bbc news, on the us—mexico border. the government has been ordered to make immediate improvements to nottingham prison after it was warned that the jail was "fundamentally unsafe". eight men are believed to have taken their own lives there in two years. the chief inspector of prisons used a new "urgent notification" letter to demand action within 28 days, warning that there could be "further tragedies". the court of appeal is to consider whether terminally ill patients
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should be allowed help to die. it has granted permission to noel conway — a 68—year—old retired lecturer — to challenge the law, which forbids assisted suicide. mr conway, who has motor neurone disease, is now too ill to attend court. 0ur medical correspondent fergus walsh has spoken to two campaigners with opposing views. sarah jessiman from warwickshire knows her time left is limited. breast cancer has spread to her spine, and the treatment has at times been extremely painful. sarah, who has an unrelated hearing disorder, fears for the future. there's a possibility that i'm going to have a painful and prolonged death, and i'm scared. i am very scared of the thought of being bedbound in agony for weeks or months. sarah wants a doctor to be allowed
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to prescribe her a lethal dose of drugs if her final months become unbearable, but mps overwhelmingly rejected proposals for a right to die in 2015. i'd like the law changed so that i can have a peaceful death at the time i choose, rather than the time that cancer might have in mind for me. sarah, who recently celebrated her 20th wedding anniversary, says people should have a choice over how they die. i don't want to have the kind of death where my friends and family say to my husband and to each other, "thank goodness she's not suffering any more." why do i have to suffer that indignity? juliet marlow from hampshire has had rheumatoid arthritis
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since she was five years old. her immune system attacks herjoints. she's had both her knees and hips replaced. juliet can no longer walk and relies on carers. everyjoint in my body has got arthritis in it. i have a large amount of pain, but i take painkillers on a daily basis. i take anti—inflammatories and between them, they keep the pain at bay. juliet is opposed to a change in the law. she says allowing assisted suicide would make many disabled people feel even more vulnerable and scared. we don't want society to turn its back on us. it would send a message to me that my life wasn't worth living, you know, because so many people judge me on what i can't do without focusing on what i can do. and she says allowing doctors
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to help people to die would break the bond of trust. the relationship between doctor and patient, i believe, will be fundamentally damaged if we ask them to be our executioners as well as our healers. noel conway, who is fighting for the right to an assisted death, is becoming progressively weaker and is thought to have little more than six months left to live. his legal team have asked the court of appeal to hear his case as soon as possible. fergus walsh, bbc news. prince harry and his fiance meghan markle were an hour late prince harry and his fiancee meghan markle were an hour late for their first official visit to wales this afternoon
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because their train was delayed. that didn't stop hundreds of people braving the cold to greet them with cheers outside cardiff castle. the couple — who are due to marry in may — are on a tour of uk cities to introduce meghan to her new home. the pope has performed an impromptu wedding ceremony on a flight over chile. the couple, both employees of the airline, approached the pope with their request during the flight. 0ur religion editor martin bashir has the story. they'd walked up the aisles on many occasions, but never in church. flight attendants paula ruiz and carlos elorriga married in a civil ceremony because their church in santiago had been destroyed by an earthquake eight years ago. and so they asked the pope if he would bless their union. but pope francis, who wrote about love in the family


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