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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  January 25, 2018 1:00pm-1:31pm GMT

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it was up 14% last year. there were big rises, too, in knife crime, sex offences and robbery. we are clear we have to redouble our effo rts we are clear we have to redouble our efforts to bear down on this, through legislation and tougher people enforcement, sweeping for knives. we'll be looking at the reasons why recorded crime has gone up so much. also this lunchtime: the prime minister condemns the men—only president's club dinner, she says it objectified the women who were there. what worries me is it's notjust about that event, it's about what it says about this wider issue in society, about attitudes to women. we have made progress. sadly, i think that shows that we still have a lot more progress to make. president trump flies into the world economic forum in davos, where he'll meet the prime minister this afternoon. filling up forfree — plans to set up thousands of water refill points in a bid to cut the number of plastic bottles that we use. and the dream is over,
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for now at least — britain's kyle edmund crashes out of the australian open. and coming up in the sport on bbc news, more on the women's australian open final line—up. world number one simona halep takes on world number two caroline wozniacki. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. there's been a sharp rise in recorded crime in england and wales. it rose by 14% last year, with even bigger increases in knife crime, robbery and sex offences, and the number of cases of murder and manslaughter is the highest for almost a decade. however the crime survey — separate figures based on people's individual experiences —
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show that crime has actually fallen. our home affairs correspondent tom symonds has this report. knife crime can in an instant take, ruin and change the lives of young people, like these students at coventry college. so this morning they are being given it straight. their choices in life are what matter. he said i didn't mean to kill him, that wasn't my intention, ijust kill him, that wasn't my intention, i just wanted to slash kill him, that wasn't my intention, ijust wanted to slash him, take photos and uploaded to social media. she's talking about the use that murdered her son, josh. she's talking about the use that murdered her son, josh. armani mitchell is now serving life in prison because of that one choice. for these students, an unvarnished description of a murder was not easy to listen to but the countless choices of young people who carry knives are choices of young people who carry knives a re reflected choices of young people who carry
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knives are reflected in the figures today. overall crime recorded by police was up 14%, knife crime went up police was up 14%, knife crime went up 21%, and violent crime overall up by 20%. on new year's eve in london alone there were four knife murders. police are facing the reality that falls in violent crime are being reversed. this police officer also speaking today in coventry believes we need to start thinking about it differently. i see similarities with contagious disease, that kind of thing. it is contagious so we need to prevent it, cure it. the cure is prison but prevention is massive too. tougher policing, stop and search, making it harderfor young people to buy knives. but this morning ministers promised to change tack and increase the work done to persuade young people their actions have consequences. we have to get to
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the root causes and we have to work asa the root causes and we have to work as a society, government, police and civil society to get the root of this cultural issue and try to steer young people away from violence, from feeling it is normal and necessary to carry a knife. here at least the message got through. now we are going to go straight to davos, because prime minister theresa may is about to make her speech to the world economic forum. let's have a listen to what she's got to say. i argued that the benefits of free trade were not being felt by all. and i warned that the failure of political and business leaders to address this threatened to undermine popular support for the entire rules —based system support for the entire rules —based syste m o n support for the entire rules —based system on which our global security and prosperity depends. but i also argued that we could change this.
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not by turning our backs on free trade or the global rules —based system, which together have delivered the greatest advances in prosperity we have ever known, but rather by doubling down on them, and acting to ensure that the global economy works for everyone. one year on, i believe there are grounds for optimism. global growth has continued to strengthen, with the ims estimating that global output last year grew by 3.7%. the populism of the far left and far right has not made the progress that some had predicted. and, in the uk, we've seen productivity rising, unemployment at its lowest rate over 40 unemployment at its lowest rate over a0 yea rs, unemployment at its lowest rate over a0 years, and more and more examples of government and business working together to bring newjobs and opportunities to communities across oui’ opportunities to communities across our country. we've also seem
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important progress on global trade. the uk has been at the forefront of championing new trade deals, including the eu's deals with canada andjapan. including the eu's deals with canada and japan. the g20 has agreed commitments to tackle overcapacity in steel, and the world trade organisation has made progress towards launching coloroll actual discussions on digital trade. as we leave the european union, the uk will continue to be a global advocate of free trade, pushing for progress on wto discussions, seeking to bring new partners to the table, and of course, after we have left the eu, developing new electoral deals with countries across the world. —— new bilateral deals. but there is much more to be done by the whole international community, and frankly too often our rhetoric in support of free trade here in davos
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is not matched by our actions. the commitments on steel must be implemented. like the uk, other big aid donors should support developing countries to ensure they can harness the benefits of global growth. and the benefits of global growth. and the world trade organisation still needs to go much further in its reforms, ensuring its rule book keeps pace with developments in the global economy. for example, services made up 6a% of global gdp, yet, while some recent trade negotiations are achieving more ambitious outcomes on services, the trade in services agreement remained stalled. and, while the likes of ebay, amazon and ali babar has grown into global giants, taking on a central role in the lives of billions around the world, the wto has been struggling to remove areas to e—commerce trade for almost 20 yea rs. to e—commerce trade for almost 20
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years. —— barriers to e—commerce trade. progress on these issues matters, because technological advances continue to revolutionise the possibilities for humanity, and we must have the international frameworks in place to ensure eve ryo ne frameworks in place to ensure everyone can benefit from them. already, access to the internet has been estimated to have the potential to generate over $2.2 trillion in additional gdp, and get 150 million developing country new jobs. additional gdp, and get 150 million developing country newjobs. while nearly 35% of the adult population in sub saharan africa as a mobile money account, the highest percentage in the world, and now the impact of technology is growing in ways which, even if you years ago, we couldn't have imagined. just last week, a drone saved two boys drowning off the coast of australia by carrying a four station —— a
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flotation device to them. the use of artificial intelligence is transforming health care. in one test, machine learning reduced the number of unnecessary surgeries for breast cancer by a third. the development of speech recognition and translation is reaching a level where we will be able to go anywhere in the world and communicate using our native language. while british—based companies are pioneering the use of data science and artificial intelligence to protect companies from money—laundering, fraud, cyber crime and terrorism. in all of these ways, harnessing the power of technology is not just harnessing the power of technology is notjust in all of our interests, but fundamental to the advance of humanity. but this technological progress also raises new and profound challenges, which we need to address. for example, many fear that, because of technology, they
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and their children will lose out on thejobs of and their children will lose out on the jobs of the future, and they worry, too, about how new technologies might be exploited by those with malevolent intentions. and what that could mean for the safety a nd and what that could mean for the safety and well—being of their families and children. so today, i'm going to make the case for how we can best harness the huge potential of technology, but also how we address these profound concerns, so that technology is the force for progress that we all know it can be. right across the long sweep of history, the invention of electricity, the advent of factory production, time and again, initially disquieting innovations have delivered previously unthinkable advances, and we've found a way to make those changes work for all our people. now we must find the way to do so again. let me start with how we can embrace
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technology. key to this is channelling the power of government and business in partnership to seize the opportunities of technology and create high—quality, well—paid jobs right across the world. that is why, in the uk, i've put the development ofa in the uk, i've put the development of a modern industrial strategy at the heart of the government agenda. it's a new long—term approach to shaping a stronger and fairer economy, and it understands what government and business each bring to the table. because i understand the power of business as a force for good. i know that it is free and competitive markets that drive the innovation, creativity and risk—taking that have enabled so many of the great advances of our time. but i also understand the good that government can do, creating the conditions where successful businesses can emerge and grow, and
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helping them to invest in the future of our nation. so the message of our industrial strategy to the world is clear. britain will be one of the best places in the world in which to start and to grow a business. the strategy gets the fundamentals right. it drives a investment at a local and national level, and it equips people with these skills they need, and be skilled business needs, to be successful in a global economy. for, if we are to retain popular support for the rules —based system, we have to stop and understand, sitting up here in these mountains in davos, what it can really feel like for someone who has worked for 20 years and who now finds that the job they know how to do today is not going to be a job that needs doing in the future. and the answer isn't to pretend we can
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sit back and leave it to the labour market alone to resolve. we need to act decisively to help people benefit from global growth now. and thatis benefit from global growth now. and that is why, as part of our industrial strategy, there is a focus on supporting newjobs and industries that build on the strengths of local communities. for example, on our east coast, hull is getting behind offshore wind, generating hundreds of jobs getting behind offshore wind, generating hundreds ofjobs in partnership with siemens, and just as we had to support newjobs today, we also need to help people secure thejobs of we also need to help people secure the jobs of tomorrow. —— just as we act. we are establishing a technical education system that rivals the best in the world, alongside our world —class best in the world, alongside our world—class higher education. we are developing a national retraining scheme to help people to learn throughout their career, and we are establishing an institute of coding, a consortium of more than 60 universities, businesses and industry experts, to support
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training and retraining in digital skills. i know from my conversations with tech companies how seriously they are taking their own social responsibility to contribute to the retraining that will help people to secure new opportunities in the digital economy. but this strategy and partnership with business goes further than getting the fundamentals of our economy right. it also seeks to get us on the front footin it also seeks to get us on the front foot in seizing the opportunities of technology for tomorrow. we are delivering the uk's biggest ever increase in public investment in research and development, which could increase public and r&d development as much as £80 million in the next ten years. we are at the forefront of the development, manufacture and use of low carbon technologies and we are using technology to support the needs of an ageing society. for example, by employing powerful datasets to help
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diagnosis and treating illnesses earlier. and we are establishing the uk as earlier. and we are establishing the ukasa earlier. and we are establishing the uk as a world leader in artificial intelligence. building on the success of british companies like the mind. i believe we have only just seen the beginning of which ai can achieve. imagine a world where self driving cars reduce the number of deaths on the roads, where monitoring of critical infrastructure makes dangerous jobs safer, a world where we can predict and prevent the spread of diseases around the world. these are the kind advances we can see and we want to see. already, the uk is recognised as first in the world for our preparedness to bring artificial intelligence into public service delivery. we have seen a new ai start—up created in the uk every week for the last three years, and
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week for the last three years, and we are investing in the skills these start—ups need, spending £a5 million to support additional ph.d. s in al and related disciplines, and creating at least 200 extra places per year by 2021. we are absolutely determined to make our country the place to come and set up to seize the opportunities of artificial intelligence for the future. but, as we seize these opportunities, so we also have to shape this change to ensure it works for everyone. be that in people's jobs or their daily lives. already, technology is changing the nature of our workplaces and leaving many people with less predictable working patterns, so we need to make sure that our employment law keeps pace with the way technology is shaping modern working practices. take the example of attack me —— the example
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of cannae, a ground moving technology that has radically changed how people move around the world, but also how the company has got things wrong with safety issues and concerns over the protection of its workers. the answer isn't to shout down uber but rather to address those concerns and establish and enforce standards and protections that can make this technology work for customers and employees alike. so employment law needs to preserve vital rights and protections, and the flexibility is that and workers value. but we must make sure those flexibilities really do work for everyone and don't become a one—sided deal that can become a one—sided deal that can become exploitative. and that's at the heart of a review that matthew taylor conducted for the uk government last year, and we will be working to deliver on it, from exploring the case for reforms to make our employment status test
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clearer to identifying a set of metrics against which to measure job quality. just as people need to feel that technological change in the workplace is to their benefit, so we need to ensure that they have faith that the increasing role of technology throughout their lives is enhancing the opportunities they have and the world in which they live. technologies like the internet we re live. technologies like the internet were developed with a philosophy that connecting us together would improve people's lives, and in many ways they have. but so far that hasn't been completely true for everyone. just this week, a survey in the uk has found that seven in ten people believe social media companies do not do enough to stop illegal or unethical behaviour on their platforms, prevent the sharing of extremist content or do enough to prevent bullying. the loss of trust is hugely damaging, and it is in all
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our interests to address it. in some areas, that means we will need new rules and legislation. in others, such as online hatred and bullying, we need norms and expectations of how civilised people should interact in ways that can't be achieved through legislation. the digital charter we are developing in the uk sets out the principles of our approach, to agree the rights and responsibilities of the online world, and to put them into practice. it is profoundly pro—business, because it seeks to support digital businesses in securing the trust and public confidence that they need. at its heart, there is a set of principles, that the same rights that people have off—line should be protected online, that the internet should remain free, open and accessible, that people should understand the rules that apply to them when they are online. that personal data
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should be respected and used appropriately, that protection should be in place to help keep people safe online, especially children. and that the social and economic benefits brought by new technologies should be fairly shared. and, underpinning all of this, is our determination to make the uka this, is our determination to make the uk a world leader in innovation friendly regulation, regulation that will make the uk the best place to start and grow a digital business, but also the safest place to be online. when technology platforms work across geographical boundaries, no one country or government alone can deliver the international norms, rules and standards for a global digital world. technology companies themselves, investors and all our international partners need to play their part. first, technology
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companies still need to do more in stepping up to their responsibilities for dealing with harmful and illegal online activity. companies simply can't stand by while their platforms are used to facilitate child abuse, modern slavery or the spreading of terrorist and extremist content. we have made some progress. last september at the un, ijoined president macron in convening the first ever un summit of government and industry to move further and faster in reducing the time it takes to re m ove faster in reducing the time it takes to remove terrorist content online, and to increase significantly their effo rts and to increase significantly their efforts to stop it being uploaded in the first place. but we need to go further, so that ultimately this content is removed automatically. these companies have some of the best brains in the world. they must focus their brightest and best of meeting these fundamental social responsibilities. and, just as these
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big companies need to step up, so we also need cross industry responses, because smaller platforms can quickly become home to criminals and terrorists. we have seen that happen with telegram, and we need to see more cooperation from smaller platforms like this. no one wants to be known as the terrorist platform or the first choice app for paedophiles. as governments, it is also right that we look at the legal liability that social media companies have for the content shared on their sites. the status quo is increasingly unsustainable, as it becomes clear these platforms are no longerjust passive hosts, but applying the existing standards of liability for publishers is not straightforward, so we need to consider what is most appropriate for the modern economy. we are
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already working with our european and international partners, as well as the businesses themselves, to understand how we can make the existing frameworks and definitions work better, and assessed in particular whether there is a case for developing a new definition for these platforms, and we will continue to do so. second, investors can play a vital role, by considering the social impact of the companies they are investing in. this is fundamental to the proper functioning of markets, choice and competition. shareholders should ca re competition. shareholders should care about these social impacts, because the business model of a company is not sustainable if it does not command public support and consent, and they can use their influence to ensure these issues are taken seriously. for influence to ensure these issues are ta ken seriously. for example, earlier this month, a group of shareholders demanded that facebook had twitter disclosed more information about sexual harassment,
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hate speech and other forms of abuse that take place on the' platforms, so investors can make a big difference here, by ensuring trust and safety issues are properly considered, and i urge them to do so. third, in a global, digitalage, we need the norms and rules we establish to be shared by all. that includes establishing the rules and standards that can make the most of artificial intelligence in a responsible way, such as by ensuring that algorithms don't perpetuate the human biases of their developers. so we wa nt human biases of their developers. so we want our new, world leading centre for data ethics and innovation to work closely with international partners to build a common understanding as to how to ensure the safe, ethical and innovative deployment of artificial intelligence. and i'm delighted that the uk will also bejoining the world economic forum's new council
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on artificial intelligence, to help shape governance and application of the new technology. many leaders this week are setting out defences of globalisation, open economies, free trade and technological progress, while grappling with how to ensure these operate fairly for all of our countries and people. the test of leadership, however, is what action we take, and i am clear about three things. first, the critical nature of international cooperation within the global rules —based system, for every country must support and shape the rules for free and fair trade support and shape the rules for free and fairtrade and support and shape the rules for free and fair trade and investment. we cannot pull in different directions. second, that we have to do more to help our people in the changing global economy, to rebuild their trust in technology as a driver of
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progress, and to ensure nobody is left behind, as we take the next lea p forward. left behind, as we take the next leap forward. but third, above all, we have to remember that the risks and challenges we face do not outweigh the opportunities, and in seeking to refresh the rules to meet the challenges of today, we must not miss out on the prize for tomorrow. for the forces of free trade and technological progress, which have brought us to this point, they are as nothing in comparison to their potential to enrich the lives of our children and grandchildren. the united kingdom as a proud history of stepping up, seizing the opportunities of our time and shaping the international rules and partnerships that can deliver request for all. we stand ready to do so again. —— that can deliver progress for all. together, let's renew our commitment to cooperation,
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across governments, business, investors and society at large, and let us set ourselves on a path to deliver prosperity and growth for the benefit of all our people, now and for generations to come. thank you. applause well, that was theresa may speaking in davos at the world economic forum, talking about some of the new developments in artificial intelligence, and the new technologies, talking about the need for businesses to embrace them, but also to recognise the concerns of people who might have been doing the same thing for 20 years and are now worried that the role they had been fulfilling was going to be lost due to new technology. she talked about the power of business as a force for good, but she also talked about the need for global economies to do much
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more to reform themselves, if they we re more to reform themselves, if they were to retain the trust of the general public. there was that warning, to four people, the companies which are hosting some of the major social media networks, to do more to tackle the use of those networks by extremists, and we'll be getting some more reaction from davos coming up in the next hour here on the bbc news channel. the number of people sleeping rough in england has increased for the seventh year in a rogue, according to figuresjust to figures just out. official statistics show there were a00 —— a750 people sleeping on the streets in england last year, up 15% on 2016. the government says it is investing £500 million by 2020 address the issue. this is the daily struggle of a homeless man. tony is 72 and he
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lives near milton keynes station. he says he was evicted from his flat last february. but he won't give the exact reason why. a concrete underpass in milton keynes is no place for somebody elderly to be sleeping. it's not, but what can i do? every time i wake up, i class it asa do? every time i wake up, i class it as a bonus. it's another day i've got to get through. homelessness has risen sharply in milton keynes in recent yea rs, risen sharply in milton keynes in recent years, with the town's booming economy making housing unaffordable for those with little. the problem here is replicated across england, where rough sleeping increased 15% last year, amounting to more than a700 people with nowhere to sleep, a figure that's risen by 168% since 2010. this man,
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who wants to remain anonymous, is homeless but working. he is a painter and decorator earning £50 per day. i still can't manage to get enough to put deposits down, because the prices are just far too high at the prices are just far too high at the minute. bedsit, the cheapest one, 500 and £80 per month. this tour bus will be an insufficient solution. it's been converted into 16 bunk beds in the first homeless people will move in next month. the accommodation is cramped but, for the lucky people coming in here, it's better than being on the street, and crucially, of course, it will give them some hope. an impressive idea, this?


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