tv Inside Out BBC News January 27, 2018 12:30am-1:01am GMT
will no longer tolerate unfair trade practices, defending his ‘america first‘ policies against accusations of protectionism. but mr trump said ‘america first‘ did not mean america alone. the canadian aircraft manufacturer, bombardier, has won a trade case in the united states, overturning a decision to impose an almost 300% tariff on imports. bombardier said the ruling was a victory for innovation and would save thousands ofjobs. police in toronto say canadian pharmaceutical billionaires barry and honey sherman were murdered in a targeted killing. the couple were found hanged in their home six weeks ago. the entire board of the us gymnastics authority is to resign in the wake of the scandal involving the sexual abuse of over 150 female athletes by the former team doctor. now on bbc news, it‘s time for inside out south west. jemma woodman investigates the truth about free—range eggs. hello and welcome to inside out south west,
stories and investigations from where you live. tonight: couch potatoes, tune in. so, do we need more exercise? yes. time to get on your bike with nick baker. i think i might have got me leggings caught! also tonight, think you know your eggs? it is stretching the consumer's perception of free range to what i consider a very dangerous level. proposals for new chicken ranches ruffle feathers. and where‘s their dough? a special delivery for the bakery owner accused of not paying his staff. but we‘d like to give you the opportunity to answer some questions from your staff. i've made my statement. they‘ve baked a cake for you. i‘mjemma woodman, and this is inside out south west. there is something reassuring about
picking up your daily loaf. for ba kers picking up your daily loaf. for bakers it has been a good way to earn an honest crust. but more recently some of us have been found short of though. and we find out why. endacott is one briton‘s alters bakeries. they have been mixing it up bakeries. they have been mixing it up here in the devon town of oakhampton for over a century. recently frustration has been rising faster than the dough. you would
work for a month expecting to get paid, and you don‘t. work for a month expecting to get paid, and you don't. a once thriving business could soon be toast. people have mortgages, families to feed, it isa have mortgages, families to feed, it is a very sad day. the problem, say the bakers, is that they had not been paid all their wages. even vital supplies such as flour, they say, are in short supply. we are trying to keep it going to see how long it will last. this is such a bad form. this is the owner, nicholas school. he owns an assortment of cafes and bakeries from his house in somerset. since you took over last year, star street things have been hopelessly half baked. has this ever happened to you before? no. it has never happened. i have never owed money to anybody.
now i am starting to open it will money. joe benfield used to work as a waitress in another of his businesses in dorset until it suddenly closed. so shocked and so devastated that you just wonder what have you done wrong, you can‘t take it in, i think, for a while. she was so angry it in, i think, for a while. she was so angry about the windy harbour cafe were shut down she brought a case for unfair dismissal, and one —— wait the harbour. she still to be paid compensationlj —— wait the harbour. she still to be paid compensation. i am still fighting and even though i have a judgement against him he has refused to pay. he is entitled to shut his business, party has responsibilities to the employees that he had at that time. -- but he has. with evidence of problems at other businesses he has owned in the last two years, missable bought the other door
ba kery missable bought the other door bakery in hampshire village, it has been close since november, a p pa re ntly been close since november, apparently for refurbishment. —— closed. we invited anyone who worked at the bakery to come and talk to us about their issues. katie butler told us about her connection to the business dating back to the 19705. this was bu5ine55 dating back to the 19705. this was a family business and my cousins used to help out as well. she says she is owed 1800 pounds in ba5ic pay and overtime. do you think you will ever get your moneyback? no. i must be taken to court. i don‘t think there will ever taken to court. it is about more than dough for caty, 5he court. it is about more than dough for caty, she was born in the above the bakery and has a sentimental attachment to the place. my dad is devastated. i think it has hit home even more. he has destroyed it.
early last year some staff began to be paid later will incorrectly. towards the end of 2017 some staff we re towards the end of 2017 some staff were not paid at all. john served customers at the avant 0r tennis ca res customers at the avant 0r tennis cares mac for several years —— served customers at the other door. in october she was not paid.|j served customers at the other door. in october she was not paid. i had to beg him to put money in my account. i had no money forfood, electric, no money to pay rent. i am a single mum. that was my only income. mr gould eventually paid a sum of their wages. the staff here all told us the same thing, before mr gould took over it was a thriving business. they don‘t believe it will ever be open. so why have things
soured so badly? we contacted mr gould to find out to be said he had been dealing with a number of issues that endicotts, including two break—ins and problems with admin, he said he had appointed a new manager to add focus and direction to the business. so we popped back to the business. so we popped back to see if things were sweet again. we have been asked not to discuss anything. at all? missable colebee stuff not to allow any filming. thanks anyway. —— mr gould. these ba kers wa nted thanks anyway. —— mr gould. these bakers wanted to have their say anyway. we spoke a few weeks ago. what is going on now? nothing has changed, really. we are still working as hard as we can to keep things going, trying to keep our customers, which is very difficult as we are running out of ingredients. your world has been ripped away from you. you can‘t make decisions, you can‘t go forward. it
is just decisions, you can‘t go forward. it isjust hard. mr gould told us he would not comment further because of what he called live legal cases. he didn‘t respond when we asked him about the waitress‘s owed money. with other staff worried they are going to be on the breadline, we wa nted going to be on the breadline, we wanted to give mr gould a final chance to chew it all over with us. but first i went to see joy whittington at the west camel bakery near yeovil. she said she is owed 500 pounds. we have written, we have beds, we have asked, he has not replied to any of our correspondence. “— replied to any of our correspondence. —— begged. iam disgusted with him, really. to think he won‘t make any provision to pay. jordie has decided to let her talent do the talking. she has baked a showstopper for mr gould. do the talking. she has baked a showstopper for mr gouldlj do the talking. she has baked a showstopper for mr gould. i am giving it to you to present to him. ido giving it to you to present to him. i do not want to see the man. i want
is money and to forget about him. if he is that hard up and cannot pay, he is that hard up and cannot pay, he ms leaney is to eat, so let us give him a cake. where is our dough? —— kick—ass two it. it is the dough for everyone he owes, notjust us. hopefully he will do the decent thing and pay his debts. one cake, special delivery. but i have got a ca ke special delivery. but i have got a cake that we would like to give you, with a question... there‘s a question... you are trespassing. this is such a bad form. but we would like to give the opportunity to enter some questions. they have baked a cake for you it asks where the money might be. so suppliers
wonder if they will ever see their dough. they can only hope that mr gould might finally they just their message. where it is the money that you will all these people? why have you will all these people? why have you not paid it? why can you not pay it? or why you not paid it? why can you not pay it? 0rwhy can you not paid it? why can you not pay it? or why can you not explain why you have not paid it? just come forth with the money and man up. man up forth with the money and man up. man up and pay your bills. most of us already know that if we don‘t move around, then we‘re likely to put on a bit of weight. and there‘s a bit more bad news, too. 0ur couch potato lifestyles can affect the way we think and feel. but as nick baker has been finding out, getting active doesn‘t have to cost the earth, and it may change your life. the great outdoors. here in the south west, it is all on our doorstep. i‘ve spent my whole life exploring the countryside,
and that often means getting a bit of exercise at the same time. i know, i know — work, weather, and well, life means doing things like this isn‘t as easy as we‘d all like. now, personally, ilove getting cold and wet. i relish the challenge of being outside. but i also appreciate it is not everyone‘s cup of tea. for many, the perfect way to spend a cold winter‘s day is at home on the sofa in front of the fire. the coxes are one family who know they spend far too much time sitting down, and they want to do something about it. so, on a scale of one to ten, how fit do they think they are?
maybe a six? maybe a four? what about an eight? three. and what about telly time? i like to watch my soaps. most of the evening. probably go on my ipad most of the time before bed, and then in my pyjamas ijust watch tv. so, do we need more exercise? they laugh. yes. i would like to go swimming and i would like to go new places. new places? i can help with that. this might not look like the sort of place that is an adventure might
start. adventure is where you choose to seek it. when was the last time you were on a like? like 12 years old. this is a big one to you. you are thinking about going electric. old. this is a big one to you. you are thinking about going electriclj are thinking about going electric.” have gone electric. i have decided to go for it. it gives you that little bit of extra wattage when you needed to get up the hills or keep you up with the family. it becomes a experience. i will be flying past. cycling is a good way to get fit. it is good cardio and good on the joints. i think i might have got my leggings court. this cycle path follows the old rail pass out of plymouth. it is pretty easy going. hello! and for nature lovers like
me, there is also many places to have a look around. what sort of spider is it? it is a beauty. they are all completely harmless. there he is. he is flying. he is coming right over us. right over us. look. wow. are you sure it is not apjune? that was a peregrine falcon, one of the fastest birds on earth —— pugin. you are getting twitchy. that is why you are called a twitter. you are already becoming a birdwatcher. and with that revelation it is time to push on. if you were feeling really
energetic, you could keep going all the way to the north devon coast, 97 miles away. that‘s one for the coxes to work up to, though. i‘m in a bush! so, how have you found it? i‘m still alive. there was a lot of screaming. there was, a lot of screaming. there was a lot of falling into bushes! ifell in one bush, not a lot of them, i fell in one. i‘ve never, ever had the confidence to go on a bike. never have done. there is a big stigma. i know i‘m a big girl, there is no denying that, and it is trying to force myself. and i think we have cracked it. success for now, but can they keep it up? one month later, christmas has been and gone, usually the perfect time to sit back and relax in front of the telly. but what i want to know is, did the coxes manage to get out and about much? hello, hello! hello! how are you? fine, thank you. it‘s a bit chilly today.
so, do you think you got out pretty much every day over christmas? yeah, i think we have. it‘s me and nick, really, that lets the side down. that‘s why i‘m talking to you! it is me that has let the side down, but now i feel more confident. the kids, they are doing what they normally do, they‘re children, they love bike riding. but i canjoin them, and that is the biggest thing for me. you know, we have got other people in the family involved, everything. but, no, i think, in a year‘s time, i think you‘re going to see a changed family. me the biggest. i am going to have the biggest change, because i am going to be going out doing it, and that is the best thing. well, you‘ve said it now, claire! and you can find out how to get fit the fun, free and easy way at... next tonight, we are in the historic
landscape of west cornwall, where there is something of a farming revolution in prospect. for its advocates, it is the future of egg production. for opponents, the industrialisation of the countryside. the plan is to build for large chicken sheds, housing 112,000 hens, potentially ranging over these green acres. it will be the largest in cornwall, visible for miles, and some of the locals are passionately opposed. john bought this cottage in the middle of these fields last may. in the past, planted with veg. in a few years, he could be entirely surrounded by chickens. people around here, who in the past have lived relatively close, not as close as i would have two to chicken ranches, tell me that my house is very likely would be uninhabitable because of the odours, the noise. if it is uninhabitable, and i cannot live here, really nobody else is going
to want to live here, so effectively i could be homeless. the big push forfree range egg production is something new in the south west. it has come about because the public are demanding ever higher welfare standards. currently, around half the eggs in the country are produced in what is known as enriched cages. the supermarkets want these phased out. by 2025, it is likely that virtually all egg production will be free range. that has got big implications for smaller scale free range operations like this farm. the 9000 birds here in three barns supply and egg packing business. got a gorgeous comb on her head, bright red wattles under her chin, and lovely bright eyes. i really, lovely, healthy looking bird. but dan believes this traditional system is being undercut by the farm is like the plant new facility.
the regulations for free range eggs say no more than nine birds per square metre on the barn floor area. 0utside, each bird has more space. this outside space is crucial. here, birds get to glean and clean their feathers and show their natural behaviour. come the night time, there will be around 51100 birds in here, and this is their set up. 0ver there, there is a scratch area, they can have a dust above, here, the food and manure drops through the slats. and this is where the magic happens, they lay their eggs, one around every 2a hours. it drops onto the conveyor belt before going off for packing. but dan says all of this now faces unwelcome competition from bigger farms which stack the birds above each other in a system called multi—tier.
it is possible to get as many as two thirds more hens for the same ground floor area in multi—tier. because parts of the tiers count as extra floor space. flat deck sheds. it has been how free range eggs have been produced for many years. we are moving into a new era, and these sheds that hold a lot more birds, so for instance, this shed holds 5400. if you can imagine as shared much bigger with up to 32,000 birds in it. it is stretching the consumer‘s conception of free range to a dangerous level. dan‘s eggs sell for £1 50 for six, and he says he can compete with the big boys using multi—tier. they are supplying eggs for 90p. he wants clearer labelling to differentiate between the two.
the other suppliers say the meeting consumer need for an affordable price. they also think the system has advantages. this is my multi—tier shed. inside, there are a number of different levels for the birds to perch. but welfare at happiness isjust like any other system of free range production. we think this is quite crowded, but it is quite easy for a hen to go up and down different levels. as far as the hens are concerned, they prefer this environment. the rspca recognises both systems is chicken welfare friendly. but for its freedom food labelling scheme, it won‘t each bird to have eight centimetres of perch for next year, so they can more easily replicate their natural behaviour. the multi—tier producers do not have a problem if the edges account is a perch, but for smaller ones, these new purchaser
a big extra cost. since most big supermarkets now insist on free range egg farmers being in the rspca scheme, that is another headache. my margins are small, so to have to spend ten, £20,000 bidding in perch rails is massive for us. and there is another problem. when the chickens fly up or simply fall off their purchase, there are more collisions, and that leads to an injury that these birds are particularly prone to. at the heart of a chicken is this, you find it underneath the breast meat, and it is prone to fracturing after a collision. you can see where this has healed after a fracture. in some free range flocks, scientists have discovered that a percentage of the birds have a fracture of this bone. it is painfulfor the bird.
bristol university vet school tracked thousands of birds in a variety of multi—tier and flat deck sheds, both with and without purchase, and filmed mishaps. they found little difference in the rate of injury in flat deck barns with you purchase, and multi—tier barns. but this professor thinks we need to be very cautious in fitting perches in traditional existing flat deck sheds. the problem is you will see an increase in bone fractures. what the level of that increase will be, between about 15—25%. the rspca have suggested putting the perches in. i think we should be certain that we now what the relative welfare benefits and detriment to introduce those measures. certainly it would be detrimental from the point of view of keel bone fractures.
i think we need to do that research before we proceed. the free range at producers association recently passed a motion of no confidence in the rspca, and were angry that the charity had pulled out by new research project run byjohn aimed at settling the debate over whether retrofitting perches does increase the fracture rate. a fundamental principle of animal welfare is that animals are able to express their full range of natural behaviours. and for laying hens, one of those is the ability to perch. in any system, hens should be able to have the opportunity to carry out that important behaviour. keel bone fractures are concerned, and they are something that happens in all system with or without purchase. if we take away purchase, we still have the issue of high levels of injury, but we have also denied the birds that opportunity to carry out important natural behaviour. the fact is that both types of free range farms have an image problem.
the chickens are not freely ranging and like staying inside. the study suggests in any seven—day period, some 30% of birds do not venture outside. they need a bit of encouragement. i think having shelters is very good because that gives them a feeling of security so they feel they are safe from predation. trees seem to be very good, they like trees, and that perhaps gives them some thing interesting to do and also gives them shelter as well. the idea is if they are away from the housing structure, where most of the fractures are likely to occur, it means they are going to be interacting with the structure that much less. back at the farm, one local hopes the future residents, the free range chickens, might like to stay in their nice, warm sheds. in my head, i‘m having to make alternative plans will stop where am i going to go,
what am i going to do? and that is quite stressful. and for the smaller scale producers, there is the fear that they will simply be put out of business. we are not just going to lose these flat deck producers, but these guys are the originators of free range in the uk, and we will lose all that experience and willjust be mass production of free range eggs, which is really, really sad. and that is all for this week. we will be back next monday with more stories and investigations from where you live. i will see you then. well, the weekend is not looking too great for most of us.
there has even been a touch of frost around. the cloud and rain is slipping into western parts of the uk. i think very early on saturday morning, it will rain across the west, whereas eastern areas are actually relatively bright. there could be centred around east anglia and london until mid—morning, before the weather front spills to the east and brings the cloud and also the rain. very windy, especially across the pennines into the east. here is a look at sunday. still we have south—westerly winds. a lot of cloud, and could be mild and some
spots getting up to 15 celsius. goodbye. hello and welcome to bbc news, i‘m kasia madera. the us is open for business, that was president trump‘s message to global leaders at the world economic forum in davos. mr trump told the audience that he will always put america first when it comes to tradem but that does not mean america alone. the president said he stood by the demand for fair and reciprocal trade. 0ur north america editor, jon sopel, reports on events in davos. wherever donald trump has gone in davos, the crowds have gone with him. and wherever the cameras have been, the president has been