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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  February 12, 2018 9:00pm-10:00pm GMT

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this is outside source. jacob zuma's political life looks as though it's coming to an end, but at this stage he's refusing to resign. we'll look at the options for him and the governing anc. could the winter olympics bring with them a thaw in relations between the us and north korea, as washington hints that it's willing to talk. the oxfam charity is in crisis talks with the uk government, over the scandal of aid workers using prostitutes in haiti. there was a lot of rumours on the ground about management and leaders exploring the locals sexually and in other ways. peter rabbit is facing boycott calls from people suffering from allergies — as a scene in a new film deliberately pelts an allergic character with blackberries. welcome to outside source. leaders of south africa's governing
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anc party are meeting to decide the future of president jacob zuma. this is where it's happening — in pretoria — and it's likely they're asking him to step down. mr zuma faces a number of corruption charges and anc president cyril ramaphosa says the issue is causing "disunity and discord". the leaders have been locked in talks for hours now, but as south african radio host points out, these are tricky waters to navigate... milton nkosi has this update from pretoria on where things stand now. iamjust standing i am just standing outside the hotel where the national league executive
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committee is to meet to decide president zuma's fate. all we know is they are deliberating on what decision to take on president zuma's future. we know that yesterday the president of the anc cyril ramaposa said that the matter will be finalised today. we are waiting and we know that inside the meeting there are many anc leaders who have called for president zuma to be recalled from his position. there is a proportional representation electoral system here and sell public, so people who vote in a general election for the party, not the individual, like they do in america. so here they vote for the anc, they win the election and they appoint president zuma to go to be the candidate for presidency. they will be calling him back, replacing
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him with cyril ramaposa, but it is not yet confirmed, that is what we wait to hear. some may be not yet confirmed, that is what we wait to he; why ime may be not yet confirmed, that is what we wait to he; why lmi zuma be not yet confirmed, that is what we wait to he; why m1; zuma is zuma is reported to be go. president zuma is reported to be refusing to go because constitutionally he can be in power until 2019, so the anc‘s election cycle for its own leaders is out of sync with the country's electoral cycle. in other words, the elections for the general population here is coming in about 18 months‘ time, whereas the anc in december already elected a new leader. so now you have two centres of power, there is president zuma at the government office as president of the public, then you have cyril ramaposa at
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party headquarters, being the boss of president zuma, so we are waiting to hear what the decision they have taken tonight to end all of this waiting where the country is waiting, business people are waiting and the eea —— anc are waiting for the announcement. thank you. stay with the bbc, we will bring you it when it comes. it appears the winter olympics has helped thaw tensions between north korea and the united states. i want to show you this article in the washington post. a dramatic political shift from only fud is the go. us secretary of state rex tillerson was asked about it. here‘s what he said. as to the comments about potentially having parks, it is too early to
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judge. as we have said, it is up to the north koreans to decide when they are ready to engage with us in a sincere way, a meaningful way. they know what has to be on the table for conversations. well, what we have seen from the north koreans is a charm offensive in pyeongchang during these games. you may have seen some of these pictures on the weekend. this is kim jong—un‘s sister, kim yo—jong. she has been part of a delegation sent to the games by her brother, and she has been seen at a number of events. she is always smiling. she met with south korea‘s president moonjae—in. this was in seoul on saturday. she invited him for talks in north korea. if that were to happen, it would be the first meeting of korean leaders in more than a decade. following that meeting, moonjae—in spoke to mike pence. the pair are said to have agreed to terms about engaging
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further with north korea. let‘s ta ke let‘s take a look at what was said. earlier, i asked barbara plett usher what exactly mr pence means by "maximum pressure"... what he said was a little bit what secretary tillerson offered last year. he said let‘s get into the same room, we can talk about whatever, we can talk about the shape of the table, just breaking the ice, getting to know each other, but nothing substantive for the first talks. it sounds a little bit like what mr p is saying. he says we can talk, but there will be no rewards for the talk unless the north koreans are willing to do important things like talk about denuclearise in the peninsula, getting rid of the nuclear weapons,
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taking steps in that direction. until that happens, there will be no easing of sanctions, no aid, no investment, but we can talk. that is what it would look like to have a strict sanctions programme continue but alongside about the in the same room discussing. it doesn't seem like quite a turnaround, from just a few days ago where we hear that mike pence was skipping dinner so he can avoid the north koreans to a point of possibly, even if it is just talking about weather, being in the same room. certainly the messaging seems to be quite different and you have had for example the successful north korean charm offensive with kim jong—un sister, smiling, north korean charm offensive with kimjong—un sister, smiling, being wined and dined by the south koreans, watching events. with them being in the same area as mike pence, he was avoiding eye contact. you have the atmosphere created and
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you have the south koreans who want to try and build on this something more significance and they have been talking to the americans about it. it seems off the back of that conversation and the optics and dynamics of what happened at the olympics is that what was decided. according to mike pence, the north koreans would be told that they are not good to get anything for the talks would you talk to us or the us, you will get any reward unless you talk about getting rid of your nuclear weapons. the web attempt to talks about it, it sounded as if the south koreans would hold the summit first, to which moonjae—in was invited, and the back of that, if the north koreans were interested, potentially the americans may hold talks will stop that is something the south koreans have been pressing the south koreans have been pressing the north to do. thank you very much for that. oxfam‘s deputy chief executive has resigned over the handling of a sex scandal involving aid workers.
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the alleged misconduct happened in haiti back in 2011. it came to light when this report was published by the times newspaper last week. the article accuses roland van hauwermeiren, who was oxfam‘s haiti director at the time, and others, of using prostitutes at a villa rented by the charity. oxfam were in haiti as part of the relief effort after an earthquake in 2010. more than 200,000 people were killed in the disaster. today, penny lawrence stepped down saying... this former oxfam employee in haiti says she raised concerns at the time. there was a lot of rumours on the
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ground about management and leaders exploring the locals, sexually and in other ways to getjobs, to get good standing. these were ongoing rumours that would come to me through the drivers and other employees. so on many occasions, i would share those rumours with my boss. oxfam launched its own investigation into the claims 2011. it led to four people being sacked and three others resigning, including mr van hauwermeiren. today, the charity‘s chief executive admitted changes in the organisation hadn‘t gone far enough. straight after haiti, oxfam took
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forceful step. we committed to, a whistle—blowing liner that brings the person not into the country level, it straight through to our headquarters, we have increased the training of our staff significantly and we have taken a range of steps to improve the selection and management of our staff. they have not been sufficient and that is why we have accepted that we have to go further and we have made commitments to go further and we have started bad work. that is the response there. amidst the scandal, there‘s also the separate issue of funding, because oxfam received £32 million from the uk government last year. today, the charity was summoned to explain why that support should continue. pollsters at yougov have been gauging public opinion on this. let me bring you this tweet. will grant is in port—au—prince, and gave us this view on how people
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there are reacting to this news. there are lots of people here who would argue that in recent years it might not make a huge difference in the sense that one of the key complaints here, not just the sense that one of the key complaints here, notjust about oxfam, but many aid agencies, is that the vast sums of money that we re that the vast sums of money that were donated in the wake of the 2010 earthquake never made it onto the ground and the big aid agencies require such huge operating costs, that the money is then not the distributed to local partners and does not make it to the people. naturally, if a big chunk of money is taken away from oxfam, that will hurt its programmes, haiti included. the general feeling is of anger towards oxfam and of great distrust. people are not prepared to talk at the moment, they worried about what might happen to them, those who used
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to work for the organisation, they are fearful of retribution post—op we have been struggling to get people to talk on camera about this and worry what the scandal will mean for them as employees and former employees. thank you to will grandfather. stay with us on outside source — still to come... we will discuss president trump plans to revamp america‘s infrastructure. he wants one—and—a—half—trillion dollars to spend on roads, bridges, sea ports and airports. theresa may and her irish counterpart, leo va radkar, have appeared together in belfast, following a series of meetings with sinn fein and the dup at stormont. both leaders were optimistic that an agreement regarding a new power—sharing executive can be reached in the coming days. northern ireland has been without a devolved assembly for more than a year. that is after the political coalition collapsed previously. and
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while some differences remain, i believe that it is possible to cd cases of an agreement, there is the basis, and it should be possible to see an executive up and running in northern ireland very soon. the differences that exist between the dup and sinn fein are not insurmountable and we are hopeful that those two parties can come to an agreement and then include other parties because it is our strong view that an inclusive executive including as many parties as possible would be more sustainable and beneficial for the country. this is outside source, live from the bbc newsroom. our lead story... leaders of the governing anc have been locked in talks about president zuma howell has been been refusing
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to stand down. the second lack box founderfrom to stand down. the second lack box founder from the plane found in russia. there is a continuing search for bodies on the airliner became down the minutes after taking off from a moscow airport. police are there as well have freed a 72—year—old mum. she was kidnapped on thursday and her son is a catcher for the pittsburgh pirates in baseball. they are popular targets for kidnappers because of a large salaries. london city airport has been closed all of monday after a world war ii bomb was discovered near the airport was a bit at all flights were cancelled, affecting up to 16,000 passengers. many people have been crossing here,
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la ke many people have been crossing here, lake albert, it sits on the border with uganda. after attacks intensified. there are fears of a return to massacres witnessed in the area almost 20 years ago. that is when tens of thousands were killed in ethnic clashes. we will hear from two correspondence. first who is with the police patrol on the lake. it isa with the police patrol on the lake. it is a perilous journey from the border. some of these people are using vessels but i‘m not very safe and some cases the lake is rough. we have had reports of bowls like this one capsizing. that is our reporter. now to another reporter on the shores. they tell us when they leave home, they have to leave in a hurry so
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they have to leave in a hurry so they grab what ever they can do is start their new life, so that could be food, mattresses, clothes, it even livestock like cows and goats. this is to help them to be able to have a hot meal but also start their new lives because they do not know how long it will be before they can get back home. this is the point where the refugees crossing over officially enter the reliever system. anyone claiming to be a refugee is given a blue wristband. this allows them to be able to get onto buses and trucks heading on to the bigger refugee settlement. that way they will be able to get food, water, medication, shelter and even a plot of land where they can settle down with their families. uganda is
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posting 1 million refugees from south sudan, rwanda, burundi and the democratic republic of congo. however the oven at officials and members of the un agencies are accused of stealing a funding meant for these refugees and already donors are questioning whether they should be giving more money to help refugees in this country. thank you to our reporters. president trump has promised what he‘s calling the biggest and boldest infrastructure investment in american history. announcing his budget plans, he said he wanted to spend $1.5 trillion on roads, highways, ports and airports. but only $200 billion will come from public funds. joe millerjoins us now from new york for more. is this all about? we have been
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hearing about this for months and months, the drug administration has been promising a big announcement on infrastructure —— trompe administration. all parties in america agree on this, but america‘s‘s bridges, roads, they are crumbling and need more investment. there was a big campaign promise of donald trump to pour money into this, and where they are not aligned is where the money will come from. to take‘s is where the money will come from. to ta ke‘s announcement is where the money will come from. to take‘s announcement does not remedy that. there are only 200 billion coming from washington is self, federal funds, and billion coming from washington is self, federalfunds, and that billion coming from washington is self, federal funds, and that is a drop in the ocean. the rest will have to come through the private sector are from cities and states, and the thing is cities and states, they say they do not have the money and it is harderfor them to borrow money than the federal government. they are much more restricted when it comes to that. they are arguing
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they will never be able to make up with the shortfall that will get them to $1.5 trillion in investment. could any of those projects that mr trump‘s mentioned, will they ever get done? will they ever get built if he uses this statement of expecting private funds, investors to come up with the money? i suppose that is the 1.5 trillion question. you do not have to go far from where i am sitting in a downtown new york to find some think the gateway project which is an infrastructure project that will update the well ways across the northeast corridor and that stalled because of a fight over funding between the states and washington. who knows? maybe trump with his rhetoric and twitter account will be able to coerce both the private
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sector and cities and states to put more money behind the structure projects, but it is remains to be seen. interesting one, one that was a big pa rt interesting one, one that was a big part of the campaign trail. let‘s stay with business now. the entertainment arm of the chinese e—commerce giant alibaba has signed a deal with walt disney to show thousands of its animations on its streaming service. disney shut its own streaming service in 2016. monica miller in singapore has more. my my knees the chinese will get their fill of winnie the to and elsa from frozen. they signed a deal with disney to stream their animated works. they announced that they would not say how much this would be, that it will be streamed on the entertainment stream. they will release over 1000 disney episodes. it comes after disney has been trained to get into the mainland and they did have a venture that lasted
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that opened in 2016, it was the companies disney online content that was not under a licensing deal but it lasted five months. it is just unclear as to why authorities have pulled the plug on it. they are hoping that this time they may have better luck, and to give you an idea of how large the audience is for this, it has a better following than netflix, it had 17 million members. the chinese video streaming platform goes to 580 million devices. alibaba has a goes to 580 million devices. alibaba hasa similar goes to 580 million devices. alibaba has a similar love licensing deal with other channels. let‘s turn to tonga now, where a state of emergency has been declared after one of the biggest storms to ever make landfall in the tiny south pacific island kingdom.
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this is the satellite image of cyclone gita — a category—four storm — as it barrelled towards tonga. it made landfall on monday. it‘s now moving towards fiji. these are some of the pictures that are coming in on social media. you see some damage. this was the scene earlier. damage to buildings, and trees down. strong winds picking up at the capital nukualofa. we know there have been gusts recorded of 231 kilometres. these are some of the pictures coming in from there. people hunkered down in evacuation centres as the storm intensified. a little bit of electricity that is still there, but we have heard that power was cut to the entire main
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island off tonga. and i want to show you this. a group of women waiting out the storm by singing. the video has gone viral. let‘s listen in. they sing in unison so some singing in the midst of the storm. former president barack obama and former first lady michelle obama unveiled their official portraits. here‘s michelle‘s, alongside her portrait. here‘s mr obama‘s. the former president explained why he chose kehinde wiley for the job.
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i was always struck by whenever i saw his portraits was the degree to which they challenged our conventional views of power and privilege and the way that he would ta ke privilege and the way that he would take extraordinary care and precision and vision in recognising the beauty and the grace and the dignity of people who were so often invisible in our lives and put them ona grand invisible in our lives and put them on a grand stage. another half an hour of outside source to come. do stay with us on the bbc. your next uk forecast is coming about half an hour, but at this time we go beyond
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oui’ hour, but at this time we go beyond our shores and take a look at the weather happening elsewhere in the world, starting in the pacific with this area of cloud, a tropical storm on the philippines. we come back to that because there is a bigger tropical cyclone, a more powerful weather system in the south pacific, you see the area of cloud and the spec right at the middle of it, the island of tonga, right underneath the cyclone with winds gusting in excess of 150 mph and flooding rain as well, and extremely dangerous situation. tuesday, this will pull away westward so the situation will improve, but we have to wait and see what impact there will have been. the system may strengthen as it edges westwards in the coming days, but overwater rather than impacting the land. in australia, this over the land. in australia, this over the next few days will pull in towards the south—eastward storms. it is about the heat at this time of year, temperatures about a goal up
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in perth, near a0 celsius in alice springs. destination sydney, the temperature comes down a little bit this week, temperature will spike in perth on thursday and she can seek there is plenty of sunshine. eastern china will see temperatures edging up china will see temperatures edging up after a chilly spell, lots of wind in south korea, pyeongchang for the winter olympics, wind a feature, and on the satellite picture, you can see this tropical storm on the philippines. this is the rain, a soaking through central and southern parts of the philippines in the coming days. in tokyo, the temperature is a bit up and down, in hong kong, the only way is up. after the cold spell, getting back into the cold spell, getting back into the low 20s. that will feel very different. a wet start across eastern part of the usa and canada, but the weather system for tuesday is pulling out into the atlantic, a bit of fine weather behind, for some of the eastern usa, it will turn less cold in the coming days. at
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times there will be showers into vancouver and seattle, and there is a chance of getting a few showers in la over the next couple of days before the sunshine and warmth comes backin before the sunshine and warmth comes back in the week. this is the picture for your reply tuesday the stops heavy snow affecting parts of the south—east, a weather system from the atlantic running into cold air in france, so more snow on here, but ahead of the weather system, there is a clear resort, says sunshine into germany and austria and switzerland. there is fine weather across southernmost parts of spain, though not particularly wobbles up in the uk, there will be weather systems bringing spells of rain and it will often be windy and less cold by the end of the week. more in half an hour. hello, this is outside source, and these are the main stories here in the bbc newsroom. jacob zuma‘s political life looks as though it‘s coming to an end — but at this stage he‘s refusing to resign — we‘ll look at the options for him
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and the governing anc. could the winter olympics bring with them a thaw in relations between the us and north korea, as washington hints that it‘s willing to talk? how much will it cost to rebuild iraq after the onslaught of fighting is? the government has come up with a figure — it‘s massive — we‘ll find out why it will take $90 billion. every day, outside source features bbc journalists working in over 30 languages. your questions are always welcome. #bbcos is the hashtag. welcome to outside source... new york police say president trump‘s daughter—in—law at her apartment in the city. the letter was addressed to the president‘s son. the police and secret service are investigating. nada tawfik is following the story in new york. hello, what do we know? well,
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basically we know that she opened the letter at 10am in new york, and when she opened it, she found a white powder. now, she was immediately decontaminated on the scene, along with two others, by firefighters who responded, but they didn‘t show any kind of physical reaction to the powder, and in fact when it was later tested, the new york police department said it came back as nonhazardous, so really a scary moment there for her, but it ended up being nonhazardous. now, she along with her mother—in—law and another person were taken to hospital just another person were taken to hospitaljust for another person were taken to hospital just for evaluation, and now the new york police department along with the secret service are investigating the full incident. good to hear it was nonhazardous. you for that update. new york prosecutors have filed a lawsuit
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against the weinstein company, alleging that the studio failed to protect staff from harvey weinstein. the film producer is facing dozens of allegations of sexual abuse, including rape, but denies non—consensual sex. how much of a surprise was this particular move by the new york prosecutors? well, we always knew that harvey weinstein was under investigation, and this investigation by the new york attorney general‘s office is ongoing still. they have been going through the records of the company, speaking with employees. it has been pretty horrific. there are allegations of what we have heard before in the press and media reports. but to have them outlined in this detail has been quite interesting, to say the least. so for example they allege that harvey weinstein had his female
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employees facilitate his sexual conquests. he basically forced them to make sure that he had personal time on his schedule for sexual activity, and if they tried to complain about his behaviour towards them as well, they would often get reprimanded. so human re—sources in one case forwarded a woman‘s complain to harvey weinstein, so instead of her getting protection, she instead got more retribution by harvey weinstein. the resource stories about how he would tell them, i will kill you, i will kill yourfamily, them, i will kill you, i will kill your family, and threats to women as well who complained about sexual advances towards them and what they we re advances towards them and what they were being asked to do in their employment. this was an ongoing investigation. we knew that the authorities were looking into the company, so not too much of a shock that it came out. i want to bring out a tweet from slave, the online magazine. so fierce will have far
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reaching consequences, if, in fact, they are successful. yes some of the wine steam company has been trying to battle —— the weinstein company, that sale was really imminent, so that sale was really imminent, so thatis that sale was really imminent, so that is why the attorney general decided to have the court intervene with this lawsuit to try to put a stop to those sale negotiations because he was concerned victims would not get proper compensation, that employees would not get protection. and those who they alleged to be response will should not make windfall profits from a cell like this. it could well scupper the deal but we‘ll have to see how far this lawsuit goes and what kind of a final it is with the investor group. iraq is asking the
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international community for almost $90 billion. it‘s to help it rebuild after years of war against so—called islamic state. the city of mosul right here is the hardest—hit area. these pictures show the destruction there. the city was taken by is in 201a. the iraqi forces recaptured it with the help of iranian—backed shiite militias and a us—led coalition in july 2017. victory came at a massive cost — just how massive is a question the government needed to answer before a week—long conference that started today, which is seeking aid for the country‘s reconstruction. with the help of the world bank, it came up with $88.2 billion. the conference is hosted by neighbouring kuwait. the head of the delegation in iraq for the international committee of the red cross is katharina ritz —
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she‘s there and explains why this money is necessary. if you are in iraq, and new work on the ground, and you see the destruction, what happened over these last years, but notjust the infrastructure destruction, it is also the rebuilding of the community, which needs to be invested, and i think in this sense it isa invested, and i think in this sense it is a massive amount, and i think it is a massive amount, and i think it is a massive amount, and i think it is not something which is being done over one year. but the needs are extremely vague, and it is, at this time we have to get it right. yes? i think many would agree that the need is great, as we looked at those pictures, but ijust want to bring out a tweet coming in from the us president, donald trump. he said this will be a big week for infrastructure, talking about the us.
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i think that illustrates the difficulty you may have getting nations to commit to giving money at this point to iraq. it is definitely one of the big challenge is to have countries coming back to iraq and interesting and helping to rebuild the country. on the other hand, the iraqi people have gone through years of conflict. the community has been torn apart. we are the national committee of the red cross, we are definitely committed to contribute to long—lasting and hopefully a peace winning process in iraq. now thatis peace winning process in iraq. now that is the moment where we need to engage. but are you getting a feeling that people are ready to put their hands in their pockets, some lines i was really on social media,
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it tells into it, even kuwaitis don‘t want their government to invest in iraq. you would avenge and they would have a stake in it, being geographically so close. they would have a stake in it, being geographically so closelj they would have a stake in it, being geographically so close. i think all of us have a stake in it. for the iraqi people, to help them recover, to have a sustainable approach, to get back to the origins, to their homes, to their houses, i think all the neighbours and the neighbours beyond have a stake in iraq and beyond. this is where we are here to call for looking maybe, behind the numbers, we have to look at the people. we can talk about infrastructure, the money, but we also have to talk about the people‘s lives, for the children, the next generation who are today without schools and houses and toys. that is
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where we have to invest today. don‘t forget, you can get much more detail on our top stories on our website. there is full coverage on our top story — those crucial talks in south africa to decide the fate of president jacob zuma. follow the link in the article to go to the africa live page to get all the updates as they happen. since the birth of modern medicine, human life expectancy has almost doubled. but living longer often comes at a cost, both physically and financially. some health care systems are struggling to treat ageing populations. instead of treating the diseases of ageing, why not ageing itself? that‘s what a small group of pioneering scientists have been trying to do. i watch my step mother died. there was nothing dignified or beautiful about that, he forgot who he was caught not to we were —— my
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stepfather. my view is that anyone who tells you ageing is beautiful and something to embrace is either being dishonest with you or dishonest with themselves. i see no beauty in it. it somehow doesn't make sense, you know, we are beautifully adapted by natural selection, everything in our bodies works fa ntastically selection, everything in our bodies works fantastically well, and every system you look at, you kind of understand its purpose. and then you look at ageing, and you think what‘s that for? what is the purpose of ageing, why would natural selection let the adults just fall apart? ageing is something all of us, rich and poor, in developed nations, developing nations, it is something all of us face, and it is the single largest factor that drives human disease and suffering. before about
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20 years ago, it was really generally accepted that there was nothing you could do about ageing. i mean, maybe you could exercise, eat a little better, but that's it. and there has really been a revolution in science since that time, scientists have found that there are actually genes that control the rate of ageing, and if you change these genes, you can really slow down the rate of ageing and extend life span a lot. there is a great community of scientists right now, who are all looking at different aspects of ageing, including telomeres and mitochondria and protein shake and many others, and i think that they are all onto the right way, if you like, to approach ageing. that ageing is all of these things, it is affecting all of the systems in our body. we at unity, while we believe there are multiple mechanisms of
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ageing, we choose to focus on a particular makas is that we think is uniquely amenable —— particular mechanism to creating drugs to impact it. it works like this, at conception you are a single cell, that‘s you. over the arc of your life, new, the cell, will divide as many as 50 times. and as you, the cell, approach 50 cell divisions, you will encounter some form of cellular stress, and you will stop divining forever. this emergency brake is super important. it is an anti—cancer system. so you don‘t wa nt to anti—cancer system. so you don‘t want to mess with the emergency brake. however, these cells when they pull the emergency brake, do something very bad. they begin making all these molecules that they secrete, which drive features of ageing, and no one knew what would happen if you simply eliminated the
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cells. and when we did this, something astonishing happened. these mice had a profoundly extended period of something called health span. this is the period of time that these animals live free of chronic diseases of ageing. they had increased heart function, they had increased heart function, they had increased bone deposition, the head reduce to arthritis. they had registered cataract formation. they even behaved like younger animals and advanced age. as a side effect they did live longer but we think thatis they did live longer but we think that is the boring part. the really cool part is that a bunch of these things that you think of as inescapable aspect of ageing, they didn‘t occur. inescapable aspect of ageing, they didn't occur. so we are at a point right now where we are seriously talking, for the first time, and i have been doing this ageing research for a long time now, we are talking for a long time now, we are talking for the first time about clinical trials with drugs that could slow
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down the ageing process. that is something incredibly exciting and something incredibly exciting and something i didn‘t really expect to see in my lifetime. think about this: most biotech products treat a disease you‘ve never heard of that someone you disease you‘ve never heard of that someone you do not now suffers from. everyone knew now suffers from ageing. everyone. —— everyone you know. our drugs, you don‘t take them everyday, you might them once a year, and what this means is that you get to have a market size that includes all human beings, ok, and you don‘t have to make lots of the drugs. so as a you don‘t have to make lots of the drugs. so 3s a consequence you don‘t have to make lots of the drugs. so as a consequence these could be the cheapest drugs ever made. now investors don‘t really like to hear that, but when you talk about the total cost of health care, and who is ultimately going to pay for health care, particularly in nation states that use single—payer, like the uk, this is a powerful idea
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to reduce health care costs. normally you don‘t talk about new drugs taking costs out. these will be drugs that take costs out. to me, and to most of us in the field, the ultimate goal is to have a really healthy life, and a useful life, where you don't become frail and unable to function. you stay physically young for a long time, you know? and then you pass away. my prediction is that people, their median life span will probably be, if you are an american white male, rather than being 79, might be 103. and many people you know, rather than dying at aged 83, demented, catheterised in their bed, muttering to themselves, they would die at
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106, on the tennis court, while winning. or killed by a jealous lover at 113. food for thought, right? very interesting about ageing. now a place with a lot of light. more than a 1.5 million tourists have joined brazilians at the world‘s largest carnival in rio de janeiro. the run—up to this year‘s event has been controversial, the city‘s mayor was there for the opening but he‘s been under fire for slashing funding to the top samba schools. our south america correspondent katy watson reports from rio de janeiro. on itanime on it anime beach, the crowds danced in defiance. this street parade was dedicated to the man many people hate. marcello trotta vella, the city‘s mayor, a conservative evangelical who says he is not a fan of the carnival. that in itself is a
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cardinalsin of the carnival. that in itself is a cardinal sin for many brazilians. translation: he turns his back on popular culture, every cultural activity that does not interest his church will stop we would put up with this, we won‘t let it happen. which is why to some people this is the time to make a noise. for many, it isa the time to make a noise. for many, it is a time to dress up and show off, orjust have fun with loved ones. and some costumes came with a deeper message than you think. translation: i am dressed up as a clown because the mayor is a liar, isa clown because the mayor is a liar, is a joke. dressing up as a way to be critical of politics that brazilians don't go out on the street in protest but they should. they don't know the power they could have. amid a wave of violence in the city, 17,000 military lease were on hand. —— military police force top security concerns, though, were not stopping the tourists from having fun. i am carrying my little old
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camera instead of my iphone, but yes, otherwise i have felt great everywhere, no problems. as long as you read through all the fluff, it isa you read through all the fluff, it is a relief great place. and yes, it is risky, but if you are smart, stay alert, not alarmed. while the street party is true of the crowds, the big money and the extravagances in the sambu room. but there was a big point when the big samba schools questioned whether they would get this far, after the mayor cut their funding by nearly 50% faster most found a way round it, but it ruffled their carnival feathers. found a way round it, but it ruffled their carnivalfeathers. despite found a way round it, but it ruffled their carnival feathers. despite the troubles, the show goes on, and it is as decadent as ever. some of the top performers have not been stopped from having a little fun and getting their own breakfast up some of the samba schools are using brazil‘s dirty politics as a theme of their parade. amid all these buchel and glitter, carnival has managed to skilfully address a more serious side of brazil too. as the samba
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fades out, the politics will get louder. it is countdown to october, which will see one of the most uncertain presidential elections in decades. uk—led team of scientists are about begin an expedition to explore an ecosystem hidden for tens—of—thousands of years. the team is headed for antarctica and the antarctic peninsula where a giant iceberg broke off last year. this is it in orange. it was 6000 square kilometres. you can see how it compares to the city of london, here in light grey, at 1500 kilometres. by calving off it exposed the seabed underneath it. that‘s what team is hoping to explore. our science correspondent victoria gill reports. a new perspective on a 6,000 square kilometre swathe of floating ice. so the iceberg is 150 kilometres
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long, 50 kilometres wide, and will be about 150 metres deep. you will be able to see the first 20—30 metres above the water, and everything else is underneath. the trillion—tonne, a—68 iceberg is gradually drifting away from the antarctic continent and into the sea. it‘s these ice—filled waters and the sea floor beneath them that scientists are now eager to explore. in the british antarctic survey vessel, the james clark ross, a team will spend three weeks studying the marine life that has been locked away here for millennia. they‘ve described it as a treacherous but urgent mission. there are likely to be new species discovered, as researchers seek out the creatures that make their home beneath the vast ice sheet. we have no idea what‘s living underneath these huge ice shelves. we assume it is animals that are specially adapted to life without green food and vegetarian, so we have a lot of scavengers and carnivores.
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so we expect animals like in the deep sea, that doesn‘t have light as well. but the team also hopes to understand the processes that caused the iceberg to break away. this could reveal more about just how this fragile, frozen wilderness at the bottom of the world will change as the climate warms. victoria gill, bbc news. a new peter rabbit film is out. if you haven‘t seen it, here‘s a taste of it. most of us are aware of the tale of the resourceful rabbit and his adventures in mr mcgregor‘s vegetable garden. but this film is getting a lot of unwanted attention. that‘s because of this scene. when a group of rabbits pelt mr mcgregor‘s nephew — allergy sufferer — with the berries he‘s allergic to. here‘s one reaction. from the new york times.
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"i was really afraid about the one part where they shot the blackberries," said brayden drey, 7, who has severe allergies. "i was upset because he had to use his epipen." that counteracts allergic reactions. well, sony pictures and the filmmakers have apologised. in a statement, they said... dr pooja newman started a petition to sony pictures for that apology. she spoke to the bbc earlier. to give blatant deliberate harm to another human being known to have a food allergy is something that should not be depicted in children‘s movies. the food allergy, the leading and deliberate intentional harm to another person who has a life—threatening condition, which is a disability and a restriction on their lifestyle is something that absolutely should have the
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spotlight, and peter rabbit the movie has done that, and we have a unified voice of people that collectively wa nt unified voice of people that collectively want to stamp out this practice. amongst our children, and ina practice. amongst our children, and in a society at large. i don‘t think slapstick comedy really cut it in a kids movie, and to be actually showing such footage to children, where children are the most at risk ofa where children are the most at risk of a life ending we action from accidental or deliberate exposure to an allergen that they have serious allergic reactions to, it actually shows the ignorance in our worldwide community for the suffering, the struggle and the anguish that people with anaphylaxis and their loved ones go through on a daily basis. and it has absolutely disregard and disrespect for the people that have lost their lives. i want to update you on this story now, we have been
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following it throughout the hour. leaders have said africa posavec governing anc patiala meeting to decide the future of presidentjacob zuma. a couple of lines coming in from the south african broadcasting corporation. the anc leader cyril ramaphosa has left the anc national exit meeting to inform president zuma the party decision. and it is that the anc gave presidentjacob zuma a8 hours to resign as head of state on monday, after an eight hour meeting of the party‘s top leaders. i leave you with those headlines on outside source. hello. there is a big change on the way over the next ten days. we will be moving from something very u nsettled be moving from something very unsettled to something significantly quieter. through the rest of this week, thejet quieter. through the rest of this week, the jet stream will continue to race across the atlantic, bringing areas of low pressure in our direction. but something
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dramatic is happening way above our heads, up in the stratosphere. normally in winter, the winds up in the stratosphere move from west to east around the arctic. but what we are seeing at the moment is those wins slowing down and beginning to reverse direction. we call this sudden stratospheric warming because it normally coincides with a warming of the stratosphere, and what that means for our weather is the jet strea m means for our weather is the jet stream will slow down. so instead of bringing weather systems towards our shores, it will actually reverse direction. that blocks the weather patterns, bringing something much quieter. but not yet. tuesday morning could bring some disruption with snow and ice the sun, wind and rain to others. your bbc local radio station is a good source of travel information. this band of rain in the south, snow further north will continue to slide is two or through the day. strong winds ahead of it we re the day. strong winds ahead of it were behind it something brighter through the afternoon. some good spells of sunshine, wintry showers into the north—west, and there will
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bea into the north—west, and there will be a cold filling day. as we move out of tuesday, —— cold feeling. the active jet stream still bringing areas of low pressure our way. this one bringing a frontal system on wednesday. a bit of a repeat performance, some rain and snow cover the snow mostly over high ground in the north but perhaps some at lower levels as well. some strong and gusty winds, something brighter following into the west. at this stage, something milder will come to western areas, belfast, cardiff, plymouth, 10 degrees on wednesday afternoon. low pressure still with us as we go into thursday. still driving some fairly strong winds and wintry showers across northern parts of the uk, across scotland, into northern ireland, parts of northern england. but the further south you are, fewer showers, or in a way of dry weather and sunshine, and still that slightly milder field, with temperatures up to ten or 11 degrees. friday, similar on the face of it but the showers in the north—west likely to come a bit more organised at times, so perhaps a
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more persistent rain and snow to come. further south and east, again that bit drier and brighter, and still relatively mild, at nine or 10 degrees and stop then we move into the weekend, and this really is the first sign of that quieter weather. this area of high pressure beginning to build its way in from the south—west. that will have more of an influence on our weather on saturday, so more of us will be dry and fine with some sunshine after what could be a cold and frosty start. still some showers in the north, could be cold enough of those to be wintry over high ground but generally by this stage, temperatures that bit higher at eight to 10 degrees. so it is all about high—pressure quieting things down as we move through the second half of the weekend and into next week. but exactly where that high ends up will determine just how mild or indeed how cold it will feel. now at the moment most computer models favour keeping the high pressure just of the south, allowing us to bring some mild air in from the west. but there‘s a chance that high
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pressure could drift further north across the country, and that would allow us to bring some cold air from the east, but mild or cold, either way it is going to be quieter next week. a statutory inquiry into claims of sexual misconduct. the claims relate to some relief workers in haiti in 2011 amid concerns that oxfam did not fully disclose all that it knew. there were a lot of rumours on the ground about management and leaders exploiting the locals — sexually and in other ways. oxfam‘s deputy chief executive has resigned, saying she‘s ashamed of what happened, as the charity insisted things had changed since 2011. we apologise to the british public and to the haitian public. secondly, we‘ve made major steps to improve since 2011. we‘ll have the latest on the move by the charity commission and what it could mean for oxfam. also tonight.
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three britons killed in a helicopter crash
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