tv Newsday BBC News February 13, 2018 12:00am-12:31am GMT
i'm rico hizon in singapore, the headlines: kim jong—un warms to reconciliation and dialogue between the koreas after the north's high—level delegation returns from the winter olympics. jacob zuma is reportedly told by his own party to resign as south africa's president within 48 hours. i'm sharanjit leyl in london. also in the programme: donald trump's daughter—in—law is taken to hospital after opening a letter addressed to her husband containing white powder. and dodging the dogs in india, fear on the streets where thousands die every yearfrom rabies bites. live from our studios in singapore and london. this is bbc world news.
it's newsday. it's 8am in singapore, midnight in london and 8:30am in pyongyang, where over the last our north korean leader kim meade has praised south korea as very impressive —— kim jong—un. said it's important to boost the warm climate of reconciliation and dialogue with the south according to state media. —— he said. he also certain efforts made by seoul to prioritise the north korean team's visit to the winter olympics was very impressive and this came after his sister, kim yo—jong, and other top officials returned from a landmark visit to the south for the winter olympic games. the south african president jacob zuma has reportedlyjust been given 48 hours to resign. top officials from the governing anc have been discussing the future of the president, who is under pressure over corruption allegations. and local media have reported a late night visit by the party's new head cyril ramaphosa to mr zuma's house.
our africa editor fergal keane has been monitoring events. there's a sense of high political drama here tonight. reliable sources at that meeting are saying that president zuma has been given 48 hours to resign. now, just about an hours to resign. now, just about an hour ago the anc president, cyril runner—up pose, left here in a convoy and apparently went to the residents of president zuma to deliver that message was. within the last few minutes, he is returned, possibly with a response. now, if president zuma agrees to resign then there should be a relatively calm, smooth transition but if he says no then the anc is then faced with the possibility of either having to move a motion of no—confidence against him in parliament or to impeach him, that would risk splitting apart africa's august... and introducing
to this country a new element of instability. were waiting here, it could go on for a few hours, we've already been waiting a ten hours, but there is a sense momentous decisions are on the way. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. president trump's daughter—in—law, vanessa trump, has been taken to hospital after opening a suspicious package containing an unidentified powder. it was addressed to her husband, donald trumer, and sent to their new york apartment. nada tawfik has more details. well, at about 10am vanessa trump opened a letter that was addressed to her husband. it came reportedly from a massachusetts return address. when she opened the letter she noticed a white substance. she didn't have any physical reaction but she did alert authorities and firefighters who responded to the scene decontaminated hurler and two
others who were there. the nypd has said that substance has now been tested, that white powder is nonhazardous, but vanessa trump was sent to hospital along with those two people, one of being her mother, just out of precaution and to evaluate them. this was an incident that scared her and herfamily, donald trump jr tweeted that scared her and herfamily, donald trumer tweeted out his sentiments, he said he was happy that his wife and kids were safe, it was an incredibly dangerous situation and he was truly disgusted that someone with opposing views would choose to react this way. also ivanka trump reacted on twitter, she said no one deserves to be frightened this way, there is no excuse. frightened this way, there is no excuse. this really comes after in 2016 when president trump was still the gop front runner for the presidential race, his other son also got a letter with a white substance, so this is really the
second scare for this family. nada tawfik there. also making news today. president trump has promised what he's calling the biggest and boldest infrastructure investment in american history. announcing the plans as part of his new budget, he said he wanted to create thousands ofjobs, building roads, ports and airports. the proposal is for some $1.5 trillion of investment, but only $200 billion will come from public funds, with the president hoping that states and the private sector will meet the big shortfall. last friday, reuters published an extensive report into the killing of ten rohingya men in september, including this photograph and eyewitness accounts. while working on the story, two of the agency's journalists were arrested and now face up to 14 years in prison. a long—time friend of aung san suu kyi, is the former us ambassador to the un bill richardson. he has been speaking to my colleague katty kay about what happened to the reuters journalists. when i asked her i said, were these
two mac specific journalists, when i asked her i said, were these two mac specificjournalists, why are they being detained? they're doing theirjob, they've possibly discovered some mass graves. she exploded at me, she wasn't willing to listen to frank advice, even from herfriends. we go back 30 to listen to frank advice, even from her friends. we go back 30 years. and the situation, florence onus, is getting worse. there are 1 and the situation, florence onus, is getting worse. there are1 million refugees in bangladesh who want to go home but the repatriation process isn't working. there are killings, there are rights, there is massive degradation of human rights. this is an international crisis that the international community needs to respond to. oxfam's deputy chief executive has resigned over the handling of a sex scandal involving aid workers. the british charity is accused of concealing the findings of an inquiry into claims staff used prostitutes while delivering aid in haiti in 2011. penny lawrence said she took full responsibility. and a happy ending for a terrier named charlie,
who was pulled to safety after a 72—hour rescue operation in the scottish highlands. charlie was treated to a steak pie after his ordeal and is doing well according to his owner. today marks ten years since the national apology to australia's indigenous communities for the grief and loss they suffered over many generations, including the removal of aboriginal children from their families. a new report shows the social gap between aboriginal australians and others is still wide, with progress in four out of seven key areas not on target. hywel griffith is outside parliament. ten yea rs ten years on and on many issues are still not resolved ? ten years on and on many issues are
still not resolved? yes, rico, it's ten yea rs still not resolved? yes, rico, it's ten years to the day since we saw thousands of people on this lawn to witness the apology given in the parliament behind me. as you say there's still a great deal of concern over the life chances for people from indigenous communities in australia and as this latest report shows, still an awful lot of work to be done. if we look at some of the findings... the report shows that the life expectancy of indigenous women is still 9.5 years shorter than non—indigenous women. for indigenous men, the gap is 10.6 years. in employment, the gap has widened in the last decade with the employment rate for indigenous people 25.2% lower than for other australians. there has been some progress, though, especially in education, with 91% of four—year—olds from indigenous families now enrolled in pre—schools. what more can be done? i'm pleased to say that i'm joined here this morning by florence onus. florence, for the people that don't know your story, you were one of the stolen
generation, you were removed from yourfamily and generation, you were removed from your family and you weren't the only generation of your family to be taken? that's right, i'm the fourth generation of my family that were forcibly removed from land and family. my great grandparents spent time ina family. my great grandparents spent time in a detention centre, my grandparents spent time in a detention centre. my mother and father as children spend time institutionalised and when they became parents, their five siblings we re became parents, their five siblings were ta ken off became parents, their five siblings were taken off them and i'm one of their five children who were taken off them. what impact do you think that had on you and all your family? it had a profound impact on my life and the life of stolen generations because if this was your story, if you came from four generations of your family who spent time in detention centres and institutions or foster homes, would you be a functioning person today? what memory do you have of that moment
ten yea rs memory do you have of that moment ten years ago when we heard the apology and what impact do you think it's had? i was in my home town in north queensland and it had a huge impact on me personally as well as everyone around the country. the tsunami of tears that flowed right across the nation released a lot of pain and a lot of grief and a lot of trauma. it released a lot of emotion, however, how much progress do you think realistically has been made in the last decade given what we've heard from the closing the gap report? the healing foundation was established as a response to the apology and the healing foundation has funded and supported grassroots initiatives, healing programmes, on the ground. they've done a lot of research and they've produced a lot of reports around the country around intergenerational trauma and the healing needs of both men, women, youth and our children. however, we've still got a long way to go.
there's not enough funding to meet our community needs on the ground. there's not enough funding to meet our community needs on the groundlj know there is concerned there may be a new stolen generation, there are more children taken from indigenous families into care than a decade ago? that's right and that's a big concern for us, especially those of us concern for us, especially those of us who are survivors of the stolen generation, the fact our children being removed today has significantly increased. incarceration rates, suicide rates, substance abuse, unemployment, homelessness, mental health issues have all increased as well as incarceration so that's a really big concern to us. florence onus, thanks for your time this morning. as you can hear, there's still a great deal of work to be done in closing that 93p- of work to be done in closing that gap. there will be a ceremony and a concert outside parliament later today and events across australia to mark the but also to try to move forward. hywel griffith outside parliament in canberra. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme:
surviving in the big smoke with more than half the world's population living in cities. we look at how urban life across asia can be made better. there's mr mandela. mr nelson mandela, a free man, taking his first steps into a new south africa. iran's spiritual leader, ayatollah khomeini, has said he's passed a death sentence on salman rushdie, the british author of a book which many muslims say is blasphemous. the people of haiti have flocked to church to give thanks for the ousting of their former president, 'baby doc' duvalier. because of his considerable value as a stallion, shergar was kept in a special secure box in the stud farm's central block. shergar was driven away in a horse box the thieves had brought with them. there stepped down from the plane a figure in mourning. elizabeth ii, queen of this realm
and of all her other realms and territories. head of the commonwealth, defender of the faith. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm sharanjit leyl in london. our top stories: south african presidentjacob zuma has been told the north korean leader speaks of a warm climate of reconciliation with the south after a delegation returns from the winter olympics. donald trump's daughter—in—law has been taken to hospital after opening a letter addressed to her husband containing white powder. south african president jacob zuma has been told by his own party that he has 48 hours to resign. london's heathrow airport has said a duty free promotion at the weekend
where chinese customers were asked spend more than non—chinese customers to receive the same discount was unacceptable. that story is popular on bbc.com. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. japan times leads with vice president mike pence's suggestion that he'd be open to holding talks with north korea without preconditions. the paper questions whether we're seeing a significant shift in the trump administration's approach to pyongyang. the straits times newspaper leads with the surge in tourism from china in singapore. it's made china the number one source of tourism revenue for the city — a post previously held by indonesia. and finally, china daily looks at xi jinping's visit to a space launch centre in sichuan province. the chinese president ordered the centre to focus on boosting
the country's space program. those are the top stories in key publications around the world. let's look at what is happening on the winter games. the winter olympics is dominating. north korea's cheerleading squad has found itself in the middle of a propaganda row after unveiling masks said to resemble kim il—sung during a women's hockey game. kim il—sung is considered to be the founder of north korea. south korean's unification ministry has refuted the claims, however, adding that the mask was "simply of a good looking man." the week—long world urban forum concludes today in kuala lumpur, malaysia. this event is dedicated to the idea that managing cities properly is the key to sustainable development. it comes at a time when 54% of the world's population lives
in cities — that percentage is only expected to grow. and the work done in cities make up 80% of the global economy. but the impact is not all positive. large cities also create 70% of global carbon dioxide emissions, giving urban areas a crucial role in fighting climate change. and not everyone benefits equally as more and more people move to the cities. there are nearly 900 million people still living in slums, highlighting the pressing need for affordable housing. let's go to our reporters to see what problems they're encountering in cities across the region. china has urbanised at a staggering rate over the last 30 years. it has pushed a third of its population into megacities. this is shanghai,
about 24 million people live here. the downside is this. there is traffic everywhere. look at the congestion. at times, the network is sclerotic. as china has gotten richer, it is cool to own a car as a status symbol. there are so many people going to work and school and going home at the same time. the government is providing public transport, a metro system expanding by the year and it is very cheap. it is also auctioning new licence plates for cars, $10,000 to get some on the road. the bottomline is it is cool to a car in this country and thatis cool to a car in this country and that is showing no sign of changing. here in mumbai, affordable housing isa here in mumbai, affordable housing is a big challenge. you need is asio's largest slum. it is estimated that more than 40% of woombye's 21
million collation lives in slums. now, mumbai is surrounded by water on three sides making it difficult for the city to expand, adding to the pressure is the fact that growing employment opportunities in the city is attracting migrants from other parts of india. due to huge demand, real estate prices have been rising steadily over the last two decades, making housing unaffordable for most migrants in the city. jakarta, the mega city of indonesia is predicted to be sinking faster than any other city on the planet. in some places, predicted to be sinking up to two inches every year. that means when there is a heavy typical monsoon rainfall in the hills behind jakarta, many areas flood. less than half of the people
living here injakarta have access to clean drinking water. most people rely on things like this, a pump thatis rely on things like this, a pump that is drawing up the groundwater to get access to clean drinking water. but the underground water supplies are not being replenished with most of jakarta supplies are not being replenished with most ofjakarta now supplies are not being replenished with most of jakarta now covered with most of jakarta now covered with concrete and ashdod. the waterways that flow through jakarta are some of the most polluted rivers in the world filled with plastic and other household waste. this builds up, creating plastic dams and makes the flooding worse. the government is now conducting a massive clean up of these waterways, but the task is huge. observers say the city desperately need small green spaces to absorb the rainwater and observers say that to stop the sinking, the city has to stop drilling wells. and the government therefore needs to provide the millions of citizens that call the city home clean, reliable piped drinking water.
jason pomeroy is an award—winning architect and an expert in sustainable urban design. iasked him — how do we can begin to address all these problems? when you think about the fact that since 2000 7/2 the world's population has been living in city centres, by 2050, that will increase, 75% of people will be living in city centres. congestion, pollution, crime are some of the key issues we are facing. i think what we are seeing in southeast asia and asian cities is a greater drive towards greener, smarter, more sustainable city environments. how do integrate these smart city concepts into cities that are highly urbanised and populated ? with a lot of difficulty. i would say that if we take the first generation smart city for instance or even other cities like shenzhen,
what we see is that there is a great wealth of knowledge and a shared intelligence where people want to actually create start—up companies that will actually help bring people from the slums and give them jobs then give them aid at a place to live, what we are seeing is that in these first—generation smart cities, there has been that kind of opportunity for people to grow within the cities. so that is smart 1.0. what about 2.0? 2.0 city is one we start to see, well, if the first generation was all about big companies, big infrastructure, technology and the economy, very top—down government riven, the second generation is all about people power, all about what is in it for me? what is it for my culture, what is in it for me on the street? what about the third generation? they start to the environmental
aspects. we are all aware of the climate change agenda, keeping a lid on temperature rising. what we see isa on temperature rising. what we see is a greater embrace of greenery, open spaces for the greater good of man as well as the environment. but can these three generations be embraced by asian cities? it can indeed. it is like looking at it at it can indeed. it is like looking at itata —— as it can indeed. it is like looking at itata——asa it can indeed. it is like looking at it at a —— as a layer cake. it is able to have a legislated structure, the mayor has said, look, as long as we can set up an administration that will allow you to tell me your problems through twitter or facebook, we will then be able to sift through the issue then find out and root out that problem and i will fix it. but the bottomline is political will and partnerships between the public and partnerships between the public and private sector. yes. you have the public and private sector, but i argue that you also need academia and the private corporation. if they work together,
thatis corporation. if they work together, that is when you get a great smart, sustainable city. a third of all rabies deaths worldwide occur in india, around 20,000 a year, according to estimates from the world health organization. if untreated, a bite from a rabid dog is almost always fatal. patients die in agony. so why isn't india doing more to tackle the problem? here's our south asia correspondentjustin rowlatt. it is eight o'clock at night and this is the main shopping street. it is the capital of a himalayan region in the north of india. normally you would expect a thread like this to be fairly busy. it is winter, but there is another reason why this place is so quiet and that is because lots of people here are simply too frightened to come out and that is because they have a really serious problem with stray dogs. at least 180 people were
bitten by dogs last year will stop one man was mauled to death. i want to getan one man was mauled to death. i want to get an idea of the scale of the problem. we are out here looking to see how it dogs we can find. to be on the safe side, i bought a stick. there is obviously some dogs here. there are estimated to be 30 million stray dogs in india, huge numbers of people are bitten. one estimate is that as many as 15 million people could be bitten each year and an indicator ofjust could be bitten each year and an indicator of just how could be bitten each year and an indicator ofjust how serious that is are the world health organization's statistics on rabies. 20,000 people a year died of rabies here in india. that is a third of
the world total. there are a ton up here. you hear dogs barking all over the place. this is a problem across india and it is really, really difficult to solve. one of the reasons why is because there is a law against killing feral dogs. vaccinating them and sterilising them, but it simply hasn't been working. until a solution can be found, the streets of indian cities will continue to be very dangerous. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. stay with bbc world news. hello. tuesday's weather is wet and
windy. the culprit is an area of low pressure swinging in from the atla ntic pressure swinging in from the atlantic that will bring some disruptive snow to the northern half of the uk. some wet and windy conditions further south. here is this weather front pushing in from the west. a low pressure centre to the west. a low pressure centre to the north. below is self will keep the north. below is self will keep the wind up across the british isles. the worst of the snow will be through the morning in time for the rush—hour across scotland with 5— ten centimetres possible across the highlands. a few centimetres possible through the centre making for a dangerous rush—hour. we will have some significant accumulations for the pennines and the higher ground of wales as well. even for lower levels for a while and possible across the midlands. further south we have some heavy
rain and strong wind. for the morning, a very messy picture. keep up—to—date with the travel on your bbc local radio station. this is the way the day pans out. this weather front will push eastwards, clear skies will follow from the west but some wintry showers, scotland into northern ireland. scotland clears considerably as the day goes by. it is mostly rain by the time that front gets into eastern england in the second part of the day. a chilly story wherever you are, even with some sunshine. this weather front away to the east through tuesday evening, overnight into wednesday, clear skies again. after that falling snow and widespread frost developing. ice is a big risk on wednesday. we are talking about a widespread frost and a hard frost as well. towards the west, noticed the blue easing somewhat by the end of the night because we will see a
weather front approaching, trying to bring in some cloud which is bumping into that cold air, so again snow is a potential problem for scotland. i think parts of northern england and wales. there is a milder air coming in turning into rain later on. temperatures in double figures for cardiff and plymouth through the afternoon. that weather system moves through pretty quickly in the small hours of thursday. we are left with a small but centre driving our weather for the remainder of the week that will keep some showers pushing through. generally things look a little milder by the end of the week. i'm sharanjit leyl with bbc world news. our top story — jacob zuma has reportedly been told by his own party that he has 48 hours to resign as south africa's president. he faces a number of corruption charges after nine years in power, but so far has resisted pressure to quit. after meeting the high—level delegation that returned
to the north korea after their three—day visit in the south for the winter olympics, north korea's leader kimjong—un has said it is important to boost the "warm climate of reconciliation and dialogue". and this story is trending on bbc.com. london's heathrow airport has said a duty free promotion at the weekend where chinese customers were asked spend more than non—chinese customers to receive the same discount was "unacceptable". that story is popular on bbc.com. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news it's time for hardtalk.
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